The House of David Strengthened
2 ¶ aSons° were born° to David° at Hebron°: his firstborn° was Amnon°, by bAhinoam° the Jezreelitess°; 3 and his second°, Chileab°, by Abigail° the Iwidow° of Nabal° the Carmelite°; and the third°, Absalom° the son° of aMaacah°, the daughter° of Talmai°, king° of bGeshur°; 4 and the fourth°, aAdonijah° the son° of Haggith°; and the fifth°, Shephatiah° the son° of Abital°; 5 and the sixth°, Ithream°, by David’s° wife° Eglah°. These° were born° to David° at Hebron°.
Abner Joins David
6 ¶ It came° about while there was war° between° the house° of Saul° and the house° of David° that aAbner° was making° himself strong° in the house° of Saul°. 7 Now Saul° had a concubine° whose name° was aRizpah°, the daughter° of Aiah°; and IIsh-bosheth said° to Abner°, “Why° have you gone° in to my father’s° concubine°?” 8 Then Abner° was very° angry° over° the words° of Ish-bosheth° and said°, “aAm I a dog’s° head° that belongs to Judah°? Today° I show° kindness° to the house° of Saul° your father°, to his brothers° and to his friends°, and have not delivered° you into the hands° of David°; and yet today° you charge° me with a guilt° concerning the woman°. 9 aMay God° do° so° to Abner°, and more° also°, if° bas the LORD° has sworn° to David°, I do not accomplish° this° for him, 10 ato transfer° the kingdom° from the house° of Saul° and to establish° the throne° of David° over° Israel° and over° Judah°, bfrom Dan° even to Beersheba°.” 11 And he could° no° longer° answer° Abner° a word°, because° he was afraid° of him.
 a2S 2:8, 9
 ISo some ancient mss and versions; M.T. he a2S 21:8-11
 a1S 24:14; 2S 9:8
 a1K 19:2 b1S 15:28
 a1S 15:28 b1S 3:20
12 ¶ Then Abner° sent° messengers° to David° in his place°, saying°, “Whose° is the land°? Make° your covenant° with me, and behold°, my hand° shall be with you to bring° all° Israel° over° to you.” 13 He said°, “Good°! I will make° a covenant° with you, but I demand° one° thing° of you, Inamely°, ayou shall not see° my face° unless°° you bfirst° bring° Michal°, Saul’s° daughter°, when you come° to see° IIme.” 14 So David° sent° messengers° to Ish-bosheth°, Saul’s° son°, saying°, “Give° me my wife° Michal°, to whom° I was betrothed° afor a hundred° foreskins° of the Philistines°.” 15 Ish-bosheth° sent° and took° her from [her] husband°, from IPaltiel° the son° of Laish°. 16 But her husband° went° with her, weeping° as he went°, and followed° her as far° as aBahurim°. Then Abner° said° to him, “Go°, return°.” So he returned°.
 ILit saying IILit my face aGn 43:3 b1S 18:20; 19:11
 a1S 18:25, 27
 IIn 1S 25:44, Palti
 a2S 16:5; 19:16
17 ¶ Now Abner° had° Iconsultation° with athe elders° of Israel°, saying°, “In times°°° past°° you were seeking° for David° to be king° over° you. 18 Now° then, do° [it]! For the LORD° has spoken° of David°, saying°, ‘aBy the hand° of My servant° David° II will save° My people° Israel° from the hand° of the Philistines° and from the hand° of all° their enemies°.’” 19 Abner° also° spoke° in the hearing° of Benjamin°; and in addition° Abner° went° to speak° in the hearing° of David° in Hebron° all° that seemed good° to Israel° and to athe whole° house° of Benjamin°.
 ILit a word a1S 8:4
 ISo many ancient mss and versions; M.T. he a1S 9:16; 15:28
 a1S 10:20, 21; 1Ch 12:29
20 ¶ Then Abner° and twenty° men° with him came° to David° at Hebron°. And David° made° a feast° for Abner° and the men° who° were with him. 21 Abner° said° to David°, “Let me arise° and go° and agather° all° Israel° to my lord° the king°, that they may make° a covenant° with you, and that byou may be king° over all° that your soul° desires°.” So David° sent° Abner° away°, and he went° in peace°.
22 ¶ And behold°, athe servants° of David° and Joab° came° from a raid° and brought° much° spoil° with them; but Abner° was not with David° in Hebron°, for he had sent° him away°, and he had gone° in peace°. 23 When Joab° and all° the army° that was with him arrived°, they told° Joab°, saying°, “Abner° the son° of Ner° came° to the king°, and he has sent° him away°, and he has gone° in peace°.” 24 Then Joab° came° to the king° and said°, “What° have you done°? Behold°, Abner° came° to you; why° then° have you sent° him away° and he is already° gone°? 25 You know° Abner° the son° of Ner°, that he came° to deceive° you and to learn° of ayour going° out and coming° in and to find° out all° that you are doing°.”
Joab Murders Abner
26 ¶ When Joab° came° out from David°, he sent° messengers° after° Abner°, and they brought° him back° from the well° of Sirah°; but David° did not know° [it]. 27 So when Abner° returned° to Hebron°, Joab° took° him aside° into the middle° of the gate° to speak° with him privately°, and there° ahe struck° him in the belly° so that he died° on account of the blood° of Asahel° his brother°. 28 Afterward° when David° heard° it, he said°, “I and my kingdom° are innocent° before°° the LORD° forever°° of the blood° of Abner° the son° of Ner°. 29 aMay it Ifall° on the head° of Joab° and on all° his father’s° house°; and may there not fail° from the house° of Joab° bone who has a discharge°, or who is a leper°, or who takes° hold° of a distaff°, or who falls° by the sword°, or who lacks° bread°.” 30 So Joab° and Abishai° his brother° killed° Abner° abecause°° he had put° their brother° Asahel° to death° in the battle° at Gibeon°.
David Mourns Abner
31 ¶ Then David° said° to Joab° and to all° the people° who° were with him, “aTear° your clothes° and gird° on sackcloth° and lament° before° Abner°.” And King° David° walked° behind° the bier°.
32 Thus they buried° Abner° in Hebron°; and the king° lifted° up his voice° and wept° at athe grave° of Abner°, and all° the people° wept°.
33 aThe king° chanted° a [lament] for Abner° and said°,
 aGn 37:34; Jg 11:35
 aJb 31:28, 29; Pv 24:17
 a2S 1:17; 2Ch 35:25
 ILit sons of wickedness
 ILit cause a2S 12:17 b1S 3:17 c2S 1:12
 ILit was good in their eyes IILit was good in the eyes of all
 a1Ch 29:1; 2Ch 13:7 b2S 19:5-7 c1K 2:32-34
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During the war David still waxeth stronger.
 Gn 3:15; 2S 2:17; 1K 14:30; 15:16, 32; Es 6:13; Jb 8:7; 17:9; Ps 45:3; 84:7; Pv 4:18; Dn 2:34, 44; Mt 10:35; Ga 5:17; Ep 6:12; Rv 6:2.
Six sons were born to him in Hebron.
2 ¶ And unto Davidº were sonsº bornºªªª in Hebron:º and his firstbornº was² Amnon,º of Ahinoamº the Jezreelitess;º 3 And his second,º Chileab,º of Abigailº the wifeº of Nabalº the Carmelite;º and the third,º Absalomº the sonº of Maacahº the daughterº of Talmaiº kingº of Geshur;º 4 And the fourth,º Adonijahº the sonº of Haggith;º and the fifth,º Shephatiahº the sonº of Abital;º 5 And the sixth,º Ithream,º by Eglahº David'sº wife.º These² were bornºª to Davidº in Hebron.º
 Gn 49:3; 1S 25:43; 2S 13:1; 1Ch 3:1.
 Dt 3:14; Jsh 13:13; 1S 25:3, 42; 27:8; 2S 2:2; 13:20, 37; 14:24; 15:1; 17:1; 18:9, 33; 1Ch 3:1.
 1K 1:5; 2:13.
Abner, displeased with Ish-bosheth,
6 ¶ And it came to pass,² while there was² warº between² the houseº of Saulº and the houseº of David,º that Abnerº made himself strongºª for the houseº of Saul.º 7 And Saulº had a concubine,º whose nameº [was] Rizpah,º the daughterº of Aiah:º and [Ishbosheth] saidºª to² Abner,º Wherefore² hast thou gone² in¹ª unto² my father'sº concubine?º 8 Then was Abnerº veryº wrothºª for² the wordsº of Ishbosheth,º and said,ºª [Am] I² a dog'sº head,º which² against Judahº do shewºª kindnessº this dayº unto² the houseº of Saulº thy father,º to² his brethren,º and to² his friends,º and have not² deliveredºª thee into the handº of David,º that thou chargestºª² me to dayº with a faultº concerning this woman?º 9 So² doºª Godº to Abner,º and more² also,¹ª² except,² as² the LORDº hath swornºª to David,º even² so² I doºª to him; 10 To translateºª the kingdomº from the houseº² of Saul,º and to set upºª the² throneº of Davidº over² Israelº and over² Judah,º from Danº² even to² Beersheba.º 11 And he couldºª not² answerºª² Abnerº a wordº again,² because he fearedºª² him.
 2S 2:8; 2K 10:23; 2Ch 25:8; Pv 21:30; Is 8:9; Jol 3:9; Mt 12:30.
 2S 12:8; 16:21; 21:8; 1K 2:17, 21.
 Dt 23:18; 1S 15:28; 24:14; 2S 3:9, 18; 5:2; 9:8; 16:9; 2K 8:13; Ps 2:1; 76:10; Is 37:23; Mk 6:18; Ac 9:4.
 Ru 1:17; 1S 3:17; 14:44; 15:28; 16:1; 25:22; 28:17; 2S 3:35; 19:13; 1K 19:2; 1Ch 12:23; Ps 89:3, 19, 35.
 Jg 20:1; 2S 17:11; 24:2; 1K 4:25.
 2S 3:39.
revolteth to David.
12 ¶ And Abnerº sentºª messengersº to² Davidº on his behalf,² saying,ºª Whose² [is] the land?º sayingºª [also], Makeºª thy leagueº with² me, and, behold,² my handº [shall be] with² thee, to bring aboutºª² all² Israelº unto² thee.
David requireth a condition to bring him his wife Michal.
13 ¶ And he said,ºª Well;º I² will makeºª a leagueº with² thee: but² oneº thingº I² requireºª of²² thee, that is,ºª Thou shalt not² seeºª² my face,º except²² thou firstº bringºª² Michalº Saul'sº daughter,º when thou comestºª to seeºª² my face.º 14 And Davidº sentºª messengersº to² Ishboshethº Saul'sº son,º saying,ºª Deliverºª [me]² my wifeº² Michal,º which² I espousedºª to me for an hundredº foreskinsº of the Philistines.º 15 And Ishboshethº sent,ºª and tookºª her from²² [her] husband,º [even] from²² Phaltielº the sonº of Laish.º¹ª 16 And her husbandº went¹ª² with² her along² weepingºª¹ behindº her to² Bahurim.º Then saidºª Abnerº unto² him, Go,¹ª² return.ºª And he returned.ºª
 Gn 43:3; 44:23, 26; 1S 18:20; 19:11; 2S 3:20; 1Ch 15:29.
 1S 18:25, 27; 2S 2:10.
 1S 25:44.
 2S 16:5; 17:18; 19:16; 1K 2:8; Pv 9:17.
Abner, having communed with the Israelites, is feasted by David and dismissed.
17 ¶ And Abnerº had² communicationº¹ª with² the eldersº of Israel,º saying,ºª Ye soughtºª² for² Davidº in timesº² pastº² [to be] kingº over² you: 18 Now² then doºª [it]: for² the LORDº hath spokenºª of² David,º saying,ºª By the handº of my servantº Davidº I will saveºª² my peopleº Israelº out of the handº² of the Philistines,º and out of the handº² of all² their enemies.ºª 19 And Abnerº also² spakeºª in the earsº of Benjamin:º and Abnerº went¹ª² also² to speakºª in the earsº of Davidº in Hebronº² all² that² seemed¹ goodº² to Israel,º and that seemed goodº to the whole² houseº of Benjamin.º 20 So Abnerº cameºª to² Davidº to Hebron,º and twentyº men¹² with² him. And Davidº madeºª Abnerº and the men¹² that² [were] with² him a feast.º 21 And Abnerº saidºª unto² David,º I will ariseºª and go,¹ª² and will gatherºª² all² Israelº unto² my lordº the king,º that they may makeºª a leagueº with² thee, and that thou mayest reignºª over all² that² thine heartº desireth.ºª And Davidº sentºª² Abnerº away;¹ª and he went¹ª² in peace.º
 2S 3:17.
 1S 13:14; 15:28; 16:1, 12; 2S 3:9; Ps 89:3, 19; 132:17; Jn 12:42.
 1S 10:20; 1Ch 12:29; Ps 68:27.
 Gn 26:30; 31:54; Es 1:3.
 2S 2:9; 3:10, 12; 1K 11:37; Ps 20:4; Php 2:21.
Joab, returning from battle, is displeased with the king and killeth Abner.
22 ¶ And, behold,² the servantsº of Davidº and Joabº cameºª from [pursuing] a troop,º² and brought² in¹ª a greatº spoilº with² them: but Abnerº [was] not² with² Davidº in Hebron;º for² he had sent him away,ºª and he was gone¹ª² in peace.º 23 When Joabº and all² the hostº that² [was] with² him were come,ºª they toldºª Joab,º saying,ºª Abnerº the sonº of Nerº cameºª to² the king,º and he hath sent him away,ºª and he is gone¹ª² in peace.º 24 Then Joabº cameºª to² the king,º and said,ºª What² hast thou done?ºª behold,² Abnerº cameºª unto² thee; why² [is] it [that] thou hast sent him away,ºª and he is quite¹ª gone?¹ª² 25 Thou knowestºª² Abnerº the sonº of Ner,º that² he cameºª to deceiveºª thee, and to knowºª² thy going outº and thy coming in,ºª¹ and to knowºª² all² that² thou² doest.ºª 26 And when Joabº was come outºª from²² David,º he sentºª messengersº afterº Abner,º which brought him againºª² from the wellº² of Sirah:º but Davidº knewºª [it] not.² 27 And when Abnerº was returnedºª to Hebron,º Joabº took him asideºª inºº the gateº to speakºª with² him quietly,º and smoteºª him there² under the fifthº [rib], that he died,ºª for the bloodº of Asahelº his brother.º
 Nu 23:11; 2S 3:8, 39; 19:5; Jn 18:35.
 Gn 42:9, 12, 16; Nu 27:17; Dt 28:6; 1S 29:4; 2S 3:27; 10:3; 2K 18:32; Ps 121:8; Is 37:28; Jn 7:12, 47; Ro 2:1.
 Pv 26:23; 27:4.
 Dt 27:24; 2S 2:19; 3:6; 4:6; 20:9; 1K 2:5, 32; Jr 41:2, 6.
David curseth Joab,
28 ¶ And afterwardº²² when Davidº heardºª [it], he said,ºª I² and my kingdomº [are] guiltlessº before²² the LORDº for¹ everº² from the bloodº² of Abnerº the sonº of Ner:º 29 Let it restºª on² the headº of Joab,º and on² all² his father'sº house;º and let there not² failºª from the houseº² of Joabº one that hath an issue,ºª or that is a leper,ºª or that leanethºª on a staff,º or that fallethºª on the sword,º or that lackethº bread.º 30 So Joabº and Abishaiº his brotherº slewºª Abner,º because²² he had slainºª their brotherº² Asahelº at Gibeonº in the battle.º
 Gn 4:10; 9:6; Ex 21:12; Nu 35:33; Dt 21:1; Mt 27:24.
 Lv 13:44; Jg 9:24, 56; 1S 2:32; 2S 1:16; 1K 2:31; 2K 5:1, 27; Ps 109:8; Ac 28:4; Rv 16:6.
 2S 2:19; Pv 28:17; Ac 28:4.
and mourneth for Abner.
31 ¶ And Davidº saidºª to² Joab,º and to² all² the peopleº that² [were] with² him, Rendºª your clothes,º and girdºª you with sackcloth,º and mournºª beforeº Abner.º And kingº Davidº [himself] followedº¹ª the bier.º 32 And they buriedºª² Abnerº in Hebron:º and the kingº lifted upºª² his voice,º and weptºª at² the graveº of Abner;º and all² the peopleº wept.ºª 33 And the kingº lamentedºª over² Abner,º and said,ºª Diedºª Abnerº as a foolº dieth?º 34 Thy handsº [were] not² bound,ºª nor² thy feetº putºª into fetters:º as a man² fallethºª beforeº wickedº men,º [so] fellestºª thou. And all² the peopleº weptºª againºª over² him. 35 And when allº the peopleº cameºª to cause¹ª² Davidº to eatºª meatº while it was yetº day,º Davidº sware,ºª saying,ºª So² doºª Godº to me, and more² also,¹ª² if²² I tasteºª bread,º or² ought¹ else,²² tillº the sunº be down.ºª 36 And all² the peopleº took noticeºª [of it], and it pleased¹ª¹ them:²² as whatsoever²² the kingº didºª pleasedº¹² all² the people.º 37 For all² the peopleº and all² Israelº understoodºª that² dayº that² it was² not² of the kingº² to slayºª Abnerº the sonº of Ner.º 38 And the kingº saidºª unto² his servants,º Knowºª ye not² that² there is a princeº and a great manº fallenºª this² dayº in Israel?º 39 And I² [am] this dayº weak,º though anointedºª king;º and these² men¹² the sonsº of Zeruiahº [be] too hardº for² me: the LORDº shall rewardºª the doer² of evil¹ª² according to his wickedness.º
 Gn 37:29, 34; Jsh 7:6; Jg 11:35; 2S 1:2, 11; 2K 19:1; Lk 7:14.
 1S 30:4; 2S 1:12; 18:33; Jb 31:28; Pv 24:17; Lk 19:41.
 2S 13:12, 28; Pv 18:7; Ec 2:15; Jr 17:11; Lk 12:19.
 Jg 16:21; 2S 1:12; Jb 24:14; Ps 107:10; Ho 6:9.
 Jg 20:26; Ru 1:17; 2S 1:12; 3:9; 12:17; Jr 16:7; Ezk 24:17, 22.
 2S 15:6, 13; Ps 62:9; Mk 7:37; 15:11.
 1S 14:50; 2S 2:8; 3:12; Jb 32:9.
 Ex 21:12; 2S 19:6, 13; 1K 2:5, 33; 1Ch 2:15; 22:5; 2Ch 19:6; Ps 7:16; 28:4; 62:12; 75:10; 101:8; Pv 20:8; 25:5; Is 7:4; Ro 13:4; 2Ti 4:14.
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