NASB — 1 Kings 11 — KJV

Solomon Turns from God

1 Now aKing Solomon loved many foreign women along with the daughter of Pharaoh: Moabite, Ammonite, Edomite, Sidonian, and Hittite women, 2 from the nations concerning which the LORD had said to the sons of Israel, “aYou shall not Iassociate with them, nor shall they Iassociate with you, [for] they will surely turn your heart away after their gods.” Solomon held fast to these in love. 3 aHe had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines, and his wives turned his heart away. 4 For when Solomon was old, his wives turned his heart away after other gods; and ahis heart was not Iwholly devoted to the LORD his God, as the heart of David his father [had been]. 5 For Solomon went after aAshtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians and after IbMilcom the detestable idol of the Ammonites. 6 Solomon did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, and did not follow the LORD fully, as David his father [had done]. 7 Then Solomon built a high place for aChemosh the detestable idol of Moab, on the mountain which is Ieast of Jerusalem, and for bMolech the detestable idol of the sons of Ammon. 8 Thus also he did for all his foreign wives, who burned incense and sacrificed to their gods.

[1] aDt 17:17; Ne 13:23-27
[2] ILit go among aEx 23:31-33; 34:12-16; Dt 7:3
[3] a2S 5:13-16
[4] ILit complete with a1K 9:4
[5] IIn Jr 49:1, 3, Malcam aJg 2:13; 10:6; 1S 7:3, 4 b1K 11:7
[7] ILit before aNu 21:29; Jg 11:24; 2K 23:13 bLv 20:2-5; 2K 23:10; Ac 7:43

9 ¶ Now athe LORD was angry with Solomon bbecause his heart was turned away from the LORD, the God of Israel, cwho had appeared to him twice, 10 and ahad commanded him concerning this thing, that he should not go after other gods; but he did not observe what the LORD had commanded. 11 So the LORD said to Solomon, “Because Iyou have done this, and you have not kept My covenant and My statutes, which I have commanded you, aI will surely tear the kingdom from you, and will give it to your servant. 12 Nevertheless I will not do it in your days for the sake of your father David, [but] I will tear it out of the hand of your son. 13 However, aI will not tear away all the kingdom, [but] bI will give one tribe to your son for the sake of My servant David and cfor the sake of Jerusalem which I have chosen.”

[9] aPs 90:7 b1K 11:2, 4 c1K 3:5; 9:2
[10] a1K 6:12; 9:6, 7
[11] ILit this is with you a1S 2:30; 1K 11:29-31; 12:15, 16, 20; 2K 17:15, 21
[13] a2S 7:15; 1Ch 17:13; Ps 89:33 b1K 11:32, 36; 12:20 c1K 8:29

God Raises Adversaries

14 ¶ Then the LORD raised up an adversary to Solomon, Hadad the Edomite; he was of the Iroyal line in Edom. 15 For it came about, awhen David was in Edom, and Joab the commander of the army had gone up to bury the slain, and had bstruck down every male in Edom 16 (for Joab and all Israel stayed there six months, until he had cut off every male in Edom), 17 that Hadad fled Ito Egypt, he and certain Edomites of his father’s servants with him, while Hadad [was] a young boy. 18 They arose from Midian and came to aParan; and they took men with them from Paran and came to Egypt, to Pharaoh king of Egypt, who gave him a house and assigned him food and gave him land. 19 Now Hadad found great favor Ibefore Pharaoh, so that he gave him in marriage the sister of his own wife, the sister of Tahpenes the queen. 20 The sister of Tahpenes bore his son Genubath, whom Tahpenes weaned in Pharaoh’s house; and Genubath was in Pharaoh’s house among the sons of Pharaoh. 21 But awhen Hadad heard in Egypt that David slept with his fathers and that Joab the commander of the army was dead, Hadad said to Pharaoh, “Send me away, that I may go to my own country.” 22 Then Pharaoh said to him, “But what have you lacked with me, that behold, you are seeking to go to your own country?” And he answered, “Nothing; nevertheless you must surely Ilet me go.”

[14] ILit king’s seed
[15] a2S 8:14; 1Ch 18:12, 13 bDt 20:13
[17] ILit to go into
[18] aNu 10:12; Dt 1:1
[19] ILit in the sight of
[21] a1K 2:10
[22] ILit send me away

23aGod also raised up [another] adversary to him, Rezon the son of Eliada, who had fled from his lord bHadadezer king of Zobah. 24 He gathered men to himself and became leader of a marauding band, aafter David slew them of [Zobah]; and they went to Damascus and stayed Ithere, and reigned in Damascus. 25 So he was an adversary to Israel all the days of Solomon, along with the evil that Hadad [did]; and he abhorred Israel and reigned over Aram.

[23] a1K 11:14 b2S 8:3; 10:16
[24] ILit in it a2S 10:8, 18

26 ¶ Then aJeroboam the son of Nebat, an Ephraimite of Zeredah, Solomon’s servant, whose mother’s name was Zeruah, a widow, balso Irebelled against the king. 27 Now this was the reason why he Irebelled against the king: aSolomon built the IIMillo, [and] closed up the breach of the city of his father David. 28 Now the man Jeroboam was a valiant warrior, and when aSolomon saw that the young man was Iindustrious, he appointed him over all the IIforced labor of the house of Joseph. 29 It came about at that time, when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, that athe prophet Ahijah the Shilonite found him on the road. Now IAhijah had clothed himself with a new cloak; and both of them were alone in the field. 30 Then aAhijah took hold of the new cloak which was on him and tore it into twelve pieces. 31 He said to Jeroboam, “Take for yourself ten pieces; for thus says the LORD, the God of Israel, ‘Behold, aI will tear the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon and give you ten tribes 32 (abut he will have one tribe, for the sake of My servant David and for the sake of Jerusalem, bthe city which I have chosen from all the tribes of Israel), 33 because they have forsaken Me, and ahave worshiped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, bChemosh the god of Moab, and Milcom the god of the sons of Ammon; and they have not walked in My ways, doing what is right in My sight and [observing] My statutes and My ordinances, as his father David [did]. 34 Nevertheless I will not take the whole kingdom out of his hand, but I will make him Iruler all the days of his life, for the sake of My servant David whom I chose, who observed My commandments and My statutes; 35 but aI will take the kingdom from his son’s hand and give it to you, [even] ten tribes. 36 But ato his son I will give one tribe, bthat My servant David may have a lamp always before Me in Jerusalem, athe city where I have chosen for Myself to put My name. 37 I will take you, and you shall reign over whatever Iyou desire, and you shall be king over Israel. 38 Then it will be, that if you listen to all that I command you and walk in My ways, and do what is right in My sight by observing My statutes and My commandments, as My servant David did, then aI will be with you and bbuild you an enduring house as I built for David, and I will give Israel to you. 39 Thus I will afflict the Idescendants of David for this, but not always.’” 40 Solomon sought therefore to put Jeroboam to death; but Jeroboam arose and fled to Egypt to aShishak king of Egypt, and he was in Egypt until the death of Solomon.

[26] ILit lifted up a hand a1K 11:11, 28; 12:2, 20; 2Ch 13:6 b2S 20:21
[27] ILit lifted up a hand III.e. citadel a1K 9:15, 24
[28] ILit a doer of work IILit burden aPv 22:29
[29] ILit he a1K 12:15; 14:2; 2Ch 9:29
[30] a1S 15:27, 28
[31] a1K 11:11, 12
[32] a1K 11:13; 12:21 b1K 11:13; 14:21
[33] a1S 7:3; 1K 11:5-8 bNu 21:29; Jr 48:7, 13
[34] IOr prince
[35] a1K 11:12; 12:16, 17
[36] a1K 11:13 b1K 15:4; 2K 8:19; Ps 132:17
[37] ILit your soul desires
[38] aDt 31:8; Jsh 1:5 b2S 7:11, 27
[39] ILit seed
[40] a1K 14:25; 2Ch 12:2-9

The Death of Solomon

41aNow the rest of the acts of Solomon and whatever he did, and his wisdom, are they not written in the book of the acts of Solomon? 42 Thus athe time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years. 43 And Solomon aslept with his fathers and was buried in the city of his father David, and his son bRehoboam reigned in his place.

[41] a2Ch 9:29
[42] a2Ch 9:30
[43] a1K 2:10; 2Ch 9:31 b1K 14:21; Mt 1:7


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Solomon's wives and concubines.

1 ¶ But king Solomon loved many strange women, together with the daughter of Pharaoh, women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Zidonians, [and] Hittites; 2 Of the nations [concerning] which the LORD said unto the children of Israel, Ye shall not go in to them, neither shall they come in unto you: [for] surely they will turn away your heart after their gods: Solomon clave unto these in love. 3 And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines: and his wives turned away his heart.

[1] Gn 6:2; Lv 18:18; Dt 17:17; 1K 3:1; 11:8; Ne 13:23; Pv 2:16; 5:8; 6:24; 7:5; 22:14; 23:33.
[2] Gn 2:24; 34:3; Ex 23:32; 34:16; Nu 25:1; Dt 7:3; Jsh 23:12; Jg 3:6; 16:4; 1K 16:31; 2Ch 19:2; 21:6; Ezr 9:12; 10:2; Ps 139:21; Mal 2:11; Ro 1:32; 12:9; 1Co 15:33; 2Co 6:14; Rv 2:4.
[3] Jg 8:30; 9:5; 2S 3:2; 5:13; 2Ch 11:21; Ec 7:28.

In his old age they draw him to idolatry.

4 For it came to pass, when Solomon was old, [that] his wives turned away his heart after other gods: and his heart was not perfect with the LORD his God, as [was] the heart of David his father. 5 For Solomon went after Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, and after Milcom the abomination of the Ammonites. 6 And Solomon did evil in the sight of the LORD, and went not fully after the LORD, as [did] David his father. 7 Then did Solomon build an high place for Chemosh, the abomination of Moab, in the hill that [is] before Jerusalem, and for Molech, the abomination of the children of Ammon. 8 And likewise did he for all his strange wives, which burnt incense and sacrificed unto their gods.

[4] Dt 7:4; 17:17; 1K 6:1, 12; 8:61; 9:4, 10; 11:2, 6, 38, 42; 14:21; 15:3, 14; 2K 20:3; 1Ch 28:9; 29:19; 2Ch 17:3; 25:2; 31:20; 34:2; Ne 13:26.
[5] Lv 18:21; 20:2; Jg 2:13; 10:6; 1S 7:3; 12:10; 1K 11:7, 33; 2K 23:13; Jr 2:10; Zp 1:5.
[6] Nu 14:24; Jsh 14:8, 14.
[7] Gn 33:2; Lv 26:30; Nu 21:29; 33:52; Dt 13:14; 17:3; 27:15; Jg 11:24; 2S 15:30; 2K 21:2; 23:13; Ps 78:58; Is 44:19; Jr 48:13; Ezk 18:12; 20:28; Dn 11:31; 12:11; Zc 14:4; Mt 26:30; Ac 1:9, 12; Rv 17:4.
[8] 1K 11:1; Ezk 16:22; Ho 4:11; 1Co 10:11, 20.

God threateneth him.

9 ¶ And the LORD was angry with Solomon, because his heart was turned from the LORD God of Israel, which had appeared unto him twice, 10 And had commanded him concerning this thing, that he should not go after other gods: but he kept not that which the LORD commanded. 11 Wherefore the LORD said unto Solomon, Forasmuch as this is done of thee, and thou hast not kept my covenant and my statutes, which I have commanded thee, I will surely rend the kingdom from thee, and will give it to thy servant. 12 Notwithstanding in thy days I will not do it for David thy father's sake: [but] I will rend it out of the hand of thy son. 13 Howbeit I will not rend away all the kingdom; [but] will give one tribe to thy son for David my servant's sake, and for Jerusalem's sake which I have chosen.

[9] Ex 4:14; Nu 12:9; Dt 3:26; 7:4; 9:8, 20; 2S 6:7; 11:27; 1K 3:5; 9:2; 11:2; 1Ch 21:7; Ps 78:58; 90:7; Pv 4:23; Is 29:13; Ho 4:11; 2Ti 4:10.
[10] 1K 6:12; 9:4; 2Ch 7:17.
[11] Nu 14:23, 35; 1S 2:30; 13:13; 15:26; 2S 12:9; 1K 11:31; 12:15, 20; Is 29:13.
[12] Gn 12:2; 19:29; Ex 20:5; 1S 9:4; 1K 21:29; 2K 20:17, 19; 22:19.
[13] Dt 9:5; 12:5, 11; 2S 7:15; 1K 11:11, 32, 35, 39; 12:20; 2K 13:23; 19:34; 21:4; 23:27; 1Ch 17:13; Ps 89:33, 49; 132:1, 13, 17; Is 9:7; 14:32; 62:1, 7; Jr 33:15, 17; Lk 1:32.

Solomon's adversaries were Hadad, who was entertained in Egypt,

14 ¶ And the LORD stirred up an adversary unto Solomon, Hadad the Edomite: he [was] of the king's seed in Edom. 15 For it came to pass, when David was in Edom, and Joab the captain of the host was gone up to bury the slain, after he had smitten every male in Edom; 16 (For six months did Joab remain there with all Israel, until he had cut off every male in Edom:) 17 That Hadad fled, he and certain Edomites of his father's servants with him, to go into Egypt; Hadad [being] yet a little child. 18 And they arose out of Midian, and came to Paran: and they took men with them out of Paran, and they came to Egypt, unto Pharaoh king of Egypt; which gave him an house, and appointed him victuals, and gave him land. 19 And Hadad found great favour in the sight of Pharaoh, so that he gave him to wife the sister of his own wife, the sister of Tahpenes the queen. 20 And the sister of Tahpenes bare him Genubath his son, whom Tahpenes weaned in Pharaoh's house: and Genubath was in Pharaoh's household among the sons of Pharaoh. 21 And when Hadad heard in Egypt that David slept with his fathers, and that Joab the captain of the host was dead, Hadad said to Pharaoh, Let me depart, that I may go to mine own country. 22 Then Pharaoh said unto him, But what hast thou lacked with me, that, behold, thou seekest to go to thine own country? And he answered, Nothing: howbeit let me go in any wise.

[14] 1S 26:19; 2S 7:14; 24:1; 1K 12:15; 1Ch 5:26; Ps 89:30; Is 10:5, 26; 13:17.
[15] Gn 25:23; 27:40; Nu 24:18; 31:17; Dt 20:13; 2S 8:14; 1Ch 18:12; Ps 60:1; 108:10; Mal 1:2.
[17] Ex 2:1; 2S 4:4; 2K 11:2; Mt 2:13.
[18] Gn 14:6; 21:21; 25:2, 4; Ex 2:15; Nu 10:12; 22:4, 7; 25:6, 14, 15, 18; 31:2; Dt 1:1; 33:2; Hab 3:3.
[19] Gn 39:4, 21; 41:45; Jr 43:7; Ac 7:10, 21.
[20] Gn 21:7; 1S 1:24.
[21] Gn 45:24; Ex 4:19; Jsh 2:21; 1S 9:26; 2S 3:21; 1K 2:10, 34; Mt 2:20.
[22] 2S 18:22; Ps 37:8; Jr 2:31; Mk 14:31; Lk 22:35.

Rezon, who reigned in Damascus,

23 ¶ And God stirred him up [another] adversary, Rezon the son of Eliadah, which fled from his lord Hadadezer king of Zobah: 24 And he gathered men unto him, and became captain over a band, when David slew them [of Zobah]: and they went to Damascus, and dwelt therein, and reigned in Damascus. 25 And he was an adversary to Israel all the days of Solomon, beside the mischief that Hadad [did]: and he abhorred Israel, and reigned over Syria.

[23] 2S 8:3; 10:8, 15; 16:11; 1K 11:14; 1Ch 18:3; 19:6, 16; Ezr 1:1; Ps 60:1; Is 13:17; 37:26; 45:5; Ezk 38:16.
[24] Gn 14:15; 1K 19:15; 20:34; Ac 9:2.
[25] Gn 34:30; Dt 23:7; 2S 16:21; 1K 5:4; 2Ch 15:2; Ps 106:40; Zc 11:8.

and Jeroboam, to whom Ahijah prophesied.

26 ¶ And Jeroboam the son of Nebat, an Ephrathite of Zereda, Solomon's servant, whose mother's name [was] Zeruah, a widow woman, even he lifted up [his] hand against the king. 27 And this [was] the cause that he lifted up [his] hand against the king: Solomon built Millo, [and] repaired the breaches of the city of David his father. 28 And the man Jeroboam [was] a mighty man of valour: and Solomon seeing the young man that he was industrious, he made him ruler over all the charge of the house of Joseph. 29 And it came to pass at that time when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, that the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite found him in the way; and he had clad himself with a new garment; and they two [were] alone in the field: 30 And Ahijah caught the new garment that [was] on him, and rent it [in] twelve pieces: 31 And he said to Jeroboam, Take thee ten pieces: for thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel, Behold, I will rend the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon, and will give ten tribes to thee: 32 (But he shall have one tribe for my servant David's sake, and for Jerusalem's sake, the city which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel:) 33 Because that they have forsaken me, and have worshipped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, Chemosh the god of the Moabites, and Milcom the god of the children of Ammon, and have not walked in my ways, to do [that which is] right in mine eyes, and [to keep] my statutes and my judgments, as [did] David his father. 34 Howbeit I will not take the whole kingdom out of his hand: but I will make him prince all the days of his life for David my servant's sake, whom I chose, because he kept my commandments and my statutes: 35 But I will take the kingdom out of his son's hand, and will give it unto thee, [even] ten tribes. 36 And unto his son will I give one tribe, that David my servant may have a light alway before me in Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen me to put my name there. 37 And I will take thee, and thou shalt reign according to all that thy soul desireth, and shalt be king over Israel. 38 And it shall be, if thou wilt hearken unto all that I command thee, and wilt walk in my ways, and do [that is] right in my sight, to keep my statutes and my commandments, as David my servant did; that I will be with thee, and build thee a sure house, as I built for David, and will give Israel unto thee. 39 And I will for this afflict the seed of David, but not for ever. 40 Solomon sought therefore to kill Jeroboam. And Jeroboam arose, and fled into Egypt, unto Shishak king of Egypt, and was in Egypt until the death of Solomon.

[26] Gn 35:16; Ru 1:2; 1S 1:1; 17:12; 1K 9:22; 11:11, 28; 12:2, 20; 13:1; 14:16; 15:30; 16:3; 21:22; 1Ch 2:19; 2Ch 13:6.
[27] 2S 5:7; 20:21; 1K 9:15, 24; Ne 4:7; Ps 60:2; Pv 30:32; Is 22:9; 26:11; Ezk 13:5; Am 9:11.
[28] Dt 1:12; Jsh 18:5; Jg 1:22; 2S 19:20; 1K 5:16; Pv 22:29; Is 14:25; Am 5:6; Zc 10:6; Mt 11:30.
[29] Gn 4:8; Jsh 18:1; 2S 14:6; 1K 12:15; 14:2; 2Ch 9:29.
[30] 1S 15:27; 24:4.
[31] 1K 11:11.
[32] 1K 11:13; 12:20.
[33] 1K 3:14; 6:12; 9:5; 11:5, 9; 1Ch 28:9; 2Ch 15:2; Jr 2:13; Ho 4:17.
[34] 1K 11:12, 31; Jb 11:6; Ps 103:10; Is 55:3; Hab 3:2.
[35] Ex 20:5; 1K 12:15, 20; 2Ch 10:15.
[36] 2S 7:16, 29; 21:17; 1K 9:3; 11:13; 15:4; 2K 8:19; 2Ch 21:7; Ps 132:17; Jr 33:17; Am 9:11; Lk 1:69, 78; Ac 15:16; Ga 4:25; He 12:22; Rv 21:10.
[37] Dt 14:26; 2S 3:21; 1K 11:26.
[38] Ex 19:5; Dt 15:5; 31:8; Jsh 1:5; 2S 7:11, 16, 26; 1K 3:14; 6:12; 9:4; 14:7; 1Ch 17:10, 24; Zc 3:7.
[39] 1K 11:36; 12:16; 14:8, 25; Ps 89:30, 38, 49; Is 7:14; 9:7; 11:1; Jr 23:5; Lm 3:31; Lk 1:32; 2:4, 11.
[40] 1K 14:25; 2Ch 12:2; 16:10; Pv 21:30; Is 14:24; 46:10; Lm 3:37.

Solomon's acts, reign, and death: Rehoboam succeedeth him.

41 ¶ And the rest of the acts of Solomon, and all that he did, and his wisdom, [are] they not written in the book of the acts of Solomon? 42 And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel [was] forty years. 43 And Solomon slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David his father: and Rehoboam his son reigned in his stead.

[41] 2Ch 9:29.
[42] 1K 2:11.
[43] Dt 31:16; 1K 1:21; 2:10; 14:20, 31; 15:8, 24; 16:6; 2K 16:20; 20:21; 21:18, 26; 1Ch 3:10; 2Ch 9:31; 13:7; 21:20; 26:23; 28:27; Jr 22:19; Mt 1:5.


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