NASB — 1 Chronicles 19 — KJV

David’s Messengers Abused

1 aNow it came about after this, that Nahash the king of the sons of Ammon died, and his son became king in his place. 2 Then David said, “I will show kindness to Hanun the son of Nahash, because his father showed kindness to me.” So David sent messengers to console him concerning his father. And David’s servants came into the land of the sons of Ammon to Hanun to console him. 3 But the princes of the sons of Ammon said to Hanun, “IDo you think that David is honoring your father, in that he has sent comforters to you? Have not his servants come to you to search and to overthrow and to spy out the land?” 4 So Hanun took David’s servants and shaved them and cut off their garments in the middle as far as their hips, and sent them away. 5 Then [certain persons] went and told David about the men. And he sent to meet them, for the men were greatly humiliated. And the king said, “IStay at Jericho until your beards grow, and [then] return.”

[1] a2S 10:1-19
[3] ILit In your eyes is David honoring your father because
[5] ILit Return to

6 ¶ When the sons of Ammon saw that they had made themselves odious to David, Hanun and the sons of Ammon sent 1,000 talents of silver to hire for themselves chariots and horsemen from Mesopotamia, from Aram-maacah and afrom Zobah. 7 So they hired for themselves 32,000 chariots, and the king of Maacah and his people, who came and camped before aMedeba. And the sons of Ammon gathered together from their cities and came to battle. 8 When David heard [of it], he sent Joab and all the army, the mighty men. 9 The sons of Ammon came out and drew up in battle array at the entrance of the city, and the kings who had come were by themselves in the field.

[6] a1Ch 18:5, 9
[7] aNu 21:30; Jsh 13:9, 16

Ammon and Aram Defeated

10 ¶ Now when Joab saw that the Ibattle was set against him in front and in the rear, he selected from all the choice men of Israel and they arrayed themselves against the Arameans. 11 But the remainder of the people he placed in the hand of IAbshai his brother; and they arrayed themselves against the sons of Ammon. 12 He said, “If the Arameans are too strong for me, then you shall help me; but if the sons of Ammon are too strong for you, then I will help you. 13 Be strong, and let us show ourselves courageous for the sake of our people and for the cities of our God; and may the LORD do what is good in His sight.” 14 So Joab and the people who were with him drew near to the battle against the Arameans, and they fled before him. 15 When the sons of Ammon saw that the Arameans fled, they also fled before Abshai his brother and entered the city. Then Joab came to Jerusalem.

[10] ILit the face of the battle
[11] IIn 2S 10:10, Abishai

16 ¶ When the Arameans saw that they had been Idefeated by Israel, they sent messengers and brought out the Arameans who were beyond the IIRiver, with Shophach the commander of the army of Hadadezer IIIleading them. 17 When it was told David, he gathered all Israel together and crossed the Jordan, and came upon them and drew up in formation against them. And when David drew up in battle array against the Arameans, they fought against him. 18 The Arameans fled before Israel, and David killed of the Arameans 7,000 charioteers and 40,000 foot soldiers, and put to death Shophach the commander of the army. 19 So when the servants of Hadadezer saw that they were Idefeated by Israel, they made peace with David and served him. Thus the Arameans were not willing to help the sons of Ammon anymore.

[16] ILit smitten before III.e. Euphrates IIILit before
[19] ILit smitten before


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David's messengers, sent to comfort Hanun the son of Nahash, are villainously entreated.

1 ¶ Now it came to pass after this, that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his stead. 2 And David said, I will shew kindness unto Hanun the son of Nahash, because his father shewed kindness to me. And David sent messengers to comfort him concerning his father. So the servants of David came into the land of the children of Ammon to Hanun, to comfort him. 3 But the princes of the children of Ammon said to Hanun, Thinkest thou that David doth honour thy father, that he hath sent comforters unto thee? are not his servants come unto thee for to search, and to overthrow, and to spy out the land? 4 Wherefore Hanun took David's servants, and shaved them, and cut off their garments in the midst hard by their buttocks, and sent them away. 5 Then there went [certain], and told David how the men were served. And he sent to meet them: for the men were greatly ashamed. And the king said, Tarry at Jericho until your beards be grown, and [then] return.

[1] 1S 11:1; 12:12; 2S 10:1.
[2] Gn 19:37; Dt 23:3; 1S 30:26; 2S 9:1, 7; 2K 4:13; Ne 4:3, 7; 13:1; Es 6:3; Ec 9:15.
[3] Gn 42:9; Jsh 2:1; Jg 1:23; 18:2, 8; 1S 29:4, 9; 1K 12:8; 1Co 13:5.
[4] Lv 19:27; 2S 10:4; 2Ch 36:16; Ps 35:12; 109:4; Is 15:2; 20:4; 47:2; Jr 41:5; 48:37; Mk 12:4; Lk 20:10.
[5] Jsh 6:24; Jg 16:22; 1K 16:34; Mt 18:31.

The Ammonites, strengthened by the Syrians, are overcome by Joab and Abishai.

6 ¶ And when the children of Ammon saw that they had made themselves odious to David, Hanun and the children of Ammon sent a thousand talents of silver to hire them chariots and horsemen out of Mesopotamia, and out of Syriamaachah, and out of Zobah. 7 So they hired thirty and two thousand chariots, and the king of Maachah and his people; who came and pitched before Medeba. And the children of Ammon gathered themselves together from their cities, and came to battle. 8 And when David heard [of it], he sent Joab, and all the host of the mighty men. 9 And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array before the gate of the city: and the kings that were come [were] by themselves in the field. 10 Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him before and behind, he chose out of all the choice of Israel, and put [them] in array against the Syrians. 11 And the rest of the people he delivered unto the hand of Abishai his brother, and they set [themselves] in array against the children of Ammon. 12 And he said, If the Syrians be too strong for me, then thou shalt help me: but if the children of Ammon be too strong for thee, then I will help thee. 13 Be of good courage, and let us behave ourselves valiantly for our people, and for the cities of our God: and let the LORD do [that which is] good in his sight. 14 So Joab and the people that [were] with him drew nigh before the Syrians unto the battle; and they fled before him. 15 And when the children of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fled, they likewise fled before Abishai his brother, and entered into the city. Then Joab came to Jerusalem.

[6] Gn 34:30; Ex 5:21; 1S 13:4; 14:47; 27:12; 2S 8:3; 10:6; 1K 11:23; 2Ch 16:2; 18:3, 5, 9; 25:6; 27:5; Ps 14:3; 46:9; Lk 10:16; 1Th 4:8.
[7] Ex 14:9; Nu 21:30; Jsh 13:9; Jg 4:3; 1S 13:5; 2S 10:6; 1Ch 18:4; 2Ch 14:9; Ps 20:7; Is 15:2; 21:7.
[8] 2S 23:8; 1Ch 11:6, 10.
[9] 1S 17:2; 2S 10:8; 18:4; 1K 20:1, 24; 2Ch 13:3; 14:10; Is 28:6; Jr 50:42; Jol 2:5.
[10] Jsh 8:22; Jg 20:42; 2S 10:9.
[11] 1Ch 11:20; 18:12; 19:9.
[12] Ne 4:20; Ec 4:9; Ga 6:2; Php 1:27.
[13] Dt 31:6; Jsh 1:7; 10:25; Jg 10:15; 1S 3:18; 4:9; 14:6; 17:32; 2S 10:12; 15:26; 16:10; Ezr 10:4; Ne 4:14; Jb 1:22; Ps 27:14; 1Co 16:13.
[14] 1K 20:13, 19, 28; 2Ch 13:5; Jr 46:15.
[15] Lv 26:7; Ro 8:31.

Shophach, making a new supply of the Syrians, is slain by David.

16 ¶ And when the Syrians saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they sent messengers, and drew forth the Syrians that [were] beyond the river: and Shophach the captain of the host of Hadarezer [went] before them. 17 And it was told David; and he gathered all Israel, and passed over Jordan, and came upon them, and set [the battle] in array against them. So when David had put the battle in array against the Syrians, they fought with him. 18 But the Syrians fled before Israel; and David slew of the Syrians seven thousand [men which fought in] chariots, and forty thousand footmen, and killed Shophach the captain of the host. 19 And when the servants of Hadarezer saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they made peace with David, and became his servants: neither would the Syrians help the children of Ammon any more.

[16] 2S 10:16; Ps 2:1; Is 8:9; Mi 4:11; Zc 14:1.
[17] 2S 10:17; 1Ch 19:9; Is 22:6.
[18] 2S 10:18; 1Ch 19:13; Ps 18:32; 33:16; 46:11.
[19] Gn 14:4; Jsh 9:9; 2S 10:19; 1K 20:1, 12; 1Ch 14:17; Ps 18:39, 44; 48:3; Is 10:8.


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