NASB — 2 Chronicles 13 — KJV

Abijah Succeeds Rehoboam

1 aIn the eighteenth year of King Jeroboam, Abijah became king over Judah. 2 He reigned three years in Jerusalem; and his mother’s name was Micaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah.

aNow there was war between Abijah and Jeroboam. 3 Abijah began the battle with an army of valiant warriors, 400,000 chosen men, while Jeroboam drew up in battle formation against him with 800,000 chosen men [who were] valiant warriors.

[1] a1K 15:1, 2
[2] a1K 15:7

Civil War

4 ¶ Then Abijah stood on Mount aZemaraim, which is in the hill country of Ephraim, and said, “Listen to me, Jeroboam and all Israel: 5 Do you not know that athe LORD God of Israel gave the rule over Israel forever to David Iand his sons by ba covenant of salt? 6 Yet aJeroboam the son of Nebat, the servant of Solomon the son of David, rose up and rebelled against his Imaster, 7 and worthless men gathered about him, scoundrels, who proved too strong for Rehoboam, the son of Solomon, when Iahe was young and timid and could not hold his own against them.

[4] aJsh 18:22
[5] ILit to him and to his sons a2S 7:12-16 bLv 2:13; Nu 18:19
[6] IOr lord a1K 11:26
[7] ILit Rehoboam a2Ch 12:13

8 ¶ “So now you intend to resist the kingdom of the LORD Ithrough the sons of David, IIbeing a great multitude and [having] with you athe golden calves which Jeroboam made for gods for you. 9 aHave you not driven out the priests of the LORD, the sons of Aaron and the Levites, and made for yourselves priests like the peoples of [other] lands? Whoever comes bto consecrate himself with a young bull and seven rams, even he may become a priest of [what are] cno gods. 10 But as for us, the LORD is our God, and we have not forsaken Him; and the sons of Aaron are ministering to the LORD as priests, and the Levites Iattend to their work. 11 Every morning and evening athey Iburn to the LORD burnt offerings and fragrant incense, and bthe showbread is [set] on the clean table, and the golden lampstand with its lamps is [ready] to light every evening; for we keep the charge of the LORD our God, but you have forsaken Him. 12 Now behold, God is with us at [our] head and aHis priests with the signal trumpets to sound the alarm against you. O sons of Israel, do not fight against the LORD God of your fathers, for you will not succeed.”

[8] ILit in the hands of IILit and you are a a1K 12:28; 2Ch 11:15
[9] a2Ch 11:14, 15 bEx 29:29-33 cJr 2:11; 5:7
[10] ILit in the work
[11] ILit offer up in smoke aEx 29:38; 2Ch 2:4 bEx 25:30-39; Lv 24:5-9
[12] aNu 10:8, 9

13 ¶ But Jeroboam ahad set an ambush to come from the rear, so that [Israel] was in front of Judah and the ambush was behind them. 14 When Judah turned around, behold, Ithey were attacked both front and rear; so athey cried to the LORD, and the priests blew the trumpets. 15 Then the men of Judah raised a war cry, and when the men of Judah raised the war cry, then it was that God Iarouted Jeroboam and all Israel before Abijah and Judah. 16 When the sons of Israel fled before Judah, aGod gave them into their hand. 17 Abijah and his people defeated them with a great slaughter, so that 500,000 chosen men of Israel fell slain. 18 Thus the sons of Israel were subdued at that time, and the sons of Judah Iconquered abecause they trusted in the LORD, the God of their fathers. 19 Abijah pursued Jeroboam and captured from him [several] cities, Bethel with its villages, Jeshanah with its villages and IEphron with its villages.

[13] aJsh 8:4-9
[14] ILit the battle was before and behind them a2Ch 14:11
[15] ILit smote a2Ch 14:12
[16] a2Ch 16:8
[18] ILit were strong a2Ch 14:11
[19] IAnother reading is Ephrain

Death of Jeroboam

20 Jeroboam did not again recover strength in the days of Abijah; and the aLORD struck him and bhe died.

[20] a1S 25:38 b1K 14:20

21 ¶ But Abijah became powerful; and took fourteen wives to himself, and became the father of twenty-two sons and sixteen daughters. 22 Now the rest of the acts of Abijah, and his ways and his words are written in athe Itreatise of bthe prophet Iddo.

[22] IHeb midrash a2Ch 24:27 b2Ch 9:29


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Abijah succeeding maketh war against Jeroboam.

1 ¶ Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam began Abijah to reign over Judah. 2 He reigned three years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also [was] Michaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. And there was war between Abijah and Jeroboam. 3 And Abijah set the battle in array with an army of valiant men of war, [even] four hundred thousand chosen men: Jeroboam also set the battle in array against him with eight hundred thousand chosen men, [being] mighty men of valour.

[1] 1K 15:1; 2Ch 12:16.
[2] Jsh 18:28; Jg 19:14, 16; 1S 10:26; 1K 15:2, 6; 2Ch 11:20.
[3] 1S 17:1; 1Ch 21:5; 2Ch 11:1; 14:8, 9; 17:14; 26:12.

He declareth the right of his cause.

4 ¶ And Abijah stood up upon mount Zemaraim, which [is] in mount Ephraim, and said, Hear me, thou Jeroboam, and all Israel; 5 Ought ye not to know that the LORD God of Israel gave the kingdom over Israel to David for ever, [even] to him and to his sons by a covenant of salt? 6 Yet Jeroboam the son of Nebat, the servant of Solomon the son of David, is risen up, and hath rebelled against his lord. 7 And there are gathered unto him vain men, the children of Belial, and have strengthened themselves against Rehoboam the son of Solomon, when Rehoboam was young and tenderhearted, and could not withstand them. 8 And now ye think to withstand the kingdom of the LORD in the hand of the sons of David; and ye [be] a great multitude, and [there are] with you golden calves, which Jeroboam made you for gods. 9 Have ye not cast out the priests of the LORD, the sons of Aaron, and the Levites, and have made you priests after the manner of the nations of [other] lands? so that whosoever cometh to consecrate himself with a young bullock and seven rams, [the same] may be a priest of [them that are] no gods. 10 But as for us, the LORD [is] our God, and we have not forsaken him; and the priests, which minister unto the LORD, [are] the sons of Aaron, and the Levites [wait] upon [their] business: 11 And they burn unto the LORD every morning and every evening burnt sacrifices and sweet incense: the shewbread also [set they in order] upon the pure table; and the candlestick of gold with the lamps thereof, to burn every evening: for we keep the charge of the LORD our God; but ye have forsaken him. 12 And, behold, God himself [is] with us for [our] captain, and his priests with sounding trumpets to cry alarm against you. O children of Israel, fight ye not against the LORD God of your fathers; for ye shall not prosper.

[4] Gn 10:18; Jsh 18:22; Jg 9:7; 2Ch 15:2.
[5] Lv 2:13; Nu 18:19; Jg 11:21; 1S 16:1, 12; 2S 7:12; 1K 8:20; 1Ch 17:11, 14; 28:4; Ne 5:9; Ps 89:19; Pv 1:29; Jr 27:5; 33:21, 26; Ezk 43:24; Dn 4:25; 5:18; Mk 9:49; Lk 1:31; 2P 3:5.
[6] 1K 11:26; 12:20, 27; 2Ch 10:19.
[7] Dt 13:13; Jg 9:4; 11:3; 1S 22:2; 1K 21:10, 13; 2Ch 10:16; 11:1; 12:13; Jb 30:8; Ps 26:4; Pv 12:11; 28:19; Ec 10:16; Is 3:4; Ac 17:5; 1Co 14:20; Tit 1:10; He 5:12.
[8] 1K 12:28; 14:9; 2Ch 9:8; 11:15; 14:9; 20:6, 12; Ps 2:1; 33:16; Is 7:6; 9:6; Ho 8:5; Lk 19:14, 27.
[9] Ex 29:1, 35; 32:29; Lv 8:2; 16:32; Dt 32:17; 1K 12:31; 13:33; 2K 19:18; 1Ch 29:5; 2Ch 11:14; Jr 2:11; Ho 8:6; Ac 19:26; Ga 4:8.
[10] Ex 19:5; 29:1; Nu 16:40; 18:1; 2Ch 11:16; Zc 13:9.
[11] Gn 26:5; Ex 25:30, 31; 27:20; 29:38; 30:1; Lv 2:1; 24:2, 5; Nu 9:19; 16:6, 46; 2Ch 2:4; Ezk 44:8, 15; 48:11; Lk 1:9; Rv 8:3.
[12] Nu 10:8; 14:41; 23:21; 31:6; Dt 20:4; 28:29; Jsh 5:13; 6:13; 1S 4:5; 2Ch 24:20; Jb 9:4; 15:25; 40:9; Ps 20:7; Is 8:10; 45:9; 54:17; Jr 2:37; 50:24; Ezk 17:9; Zc 10:5; Ac 5:39; 9:4; Ro 8:31; He 2:10.

Trusting in God he overcometh Jeroboam.

13 ¶ But Jeroboam caused an ambushment to come about behind them: so they were before Judah, and the ambushment [was] behind them. 14 And when Judah looked back, behold, the battle [was] before and behind: and they cried unto the LORD, and the priests sounded with the trumpets. 15 Then the men of Judah gave a shout: and as the men of Judah shouted, it came to pass, that God smote Jeroboam and all Israel before Abijah and Judah. 16 And the children of Israel fled before Judah: and God delivered them into their hand. 17 And Abijah and his people slew them with a great slaughter: so there fell down slain of Israel five hundred thousand chosen men. 18 Thus the children of Israel were brought under at that time, and the children of Judah prevailed, because they relied upon the LORD God of their fathers. 19 And Abijah pursued after Jeroboam, and took cities from him, Bethel with the towns thereof, and Jeshanah with the towns thereof, and Ephrain with the towns thereof. 20 Neither did Jeroboam recover strength again in the days of Abijah: and the LORD struck him, and he died.

[13] Jsh 8:4; 2Ch 20:22; Pv 21:30; Jr 4:22.
[14] Ex 14:10; Jsh 8:20; Jg 20:33; 2S 10:8; 2Ch 13:12; 14:11; 18:31; Ps 50:15; 91:5.
[15] Nu 32:4; Jsh 6:16, 20; 11:8; Jg 4:15; 7:18; 2K 5:1; 2Ch 14:12; 20:21; Ps 47:1, 5; 118:4; Is 37:36.
[16] Gn 14:20; Dt 2:36; 3:3; Jsh 10:12; 21:44; Jg 1:4; 11:21; 1S 23:7.
[17] 2Ch 13:3, 12; 28:6; Is 10:16; 37:36; Na 1:5; 1Co 10:22.
[18] 2K 18:5; 1Ch 5:20; 2Ch 16:8; 20:20; Ps 22:4; 146:5; Dn 3:28; Na 1:7; Ep 1:12.
[19] Jsh 10:19, 39; 11:12; 15:9; 1S 31:7; 2Ch 15:8; Jn 11:54.
[20] 1S 25:38; 26:10; 1K 14:20; 15:9; Ps 18:37; Ezk 24:16; Ac 12:23.

The wives and children of Abijah.

21 ¶ But Abijah waxed mighty, and married fourteen wives, and begat twenty and two sons, and sixteen daughters. 22 And the rest of the acts of Abijah, and his ways, and his sayings, [are] written in the story of the prophet Iddo.

[21] Jg 8:30; 9:5; 10:4; 2S 5:12; 2Ch 11:21.
[22] 2Ch 9:29; 12:15.


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