NASB — 1 Samuel 31 — KJV

Saul and His Sons Slain

1 aNow the Philistines were fighting against Israel, and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines and fell slain bon Mount Gilboa. 2 The Philistines overtook Saul and his sons; and the Philistines Ikilled aJonathan and Abinadab and Malchi-shua the sons of Saul. 3 aThe battle went heavily against Saul, and the archers Ihit him; and he was badly wounded by the archers. 4 aThen Saul said to his armor bearer, “Draw your sword and pierce me through with it, otherwise bthese uncircumcised will come and pierce me through and make sport of me.” But his armor bearer would not, for he was greatly afraid. cSo Saul took his sword and fell on it. 5 When his armor bearer saw that Saul was dead, he also fell on his sword and died with him. 6 Thus Saul died with his three sons, his armor bearer, and all his men on that day together.

[1] a1Ch 10:1-12 b1S 28:4
[2] ILit smote a1Ch 8:33f
[3] ILit found a2S 1:6
[4] aJg 9:54; 1Ch 10:4 bJg 14:3; 1S 14:6; 17:26, 36 c2S 1:6, 10

7 ¶ When the men of Israel who were on the other side of the valley, with those who were beyond the Jordan, saw that the men of Israel had fled and that Saul and his sons were dead, they abandoned the cities and fled; then the Philistines came and lived in them.

8 ¶ It came about on the Inext day when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen on Mount Gilboa. 9 They cut off his head and stripped off his weapons, and sent [them] Ithroughout the land of the Philistines, ato carry the good news bto the house of their idols and to the people. 10 They put his weapons in the Itemple of aAshtaroth, and bthey fastened his body to the wall of cBeth-shan. 11 Now when athe inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead heard Iwhat the Philistines had done to Saul, 12 aall the valiant men rose and walked all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Beth-shan, and they came to Jabesh and bburned them there. 13 They took their bones and aburied them under bthe tamarisk tree at Jabesh, and cfasted seven days.

[8] ILit morrow
[9] ILit into...around a2S 1:20 bJg 16:23, 24
[10] ILit house aJg 2:13; 1S 7:3 b1S 31:12; 2S 21:12 cJsh 17:11
[11] ILit about him what a1S 11:1-13
[12] a2S 2:4-7 b2Ch 16:14
[13] a2S 21:12-14 b1S 22:6 c2S 1:12


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Saul having lost his army, and his sons slain, he and his armourbearer kill themselves.

1 ¶ Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa. 2 And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Malchishua, Saul's sons. 3 And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers. 4 Then said Saul unto his armourbearer, Draw thy sword, and thrust me through therewith; lest these uncircumcised come and thrust me through, and abuse me. But his armourbearer would not; for he was sore afraid. Therefore Saul took a sword, and fell upon it. 5 And when his armourbearer saw that Saul was dead, he fell likewise upon his sword, and died with him. 6 So Saul died, and his three sons, and his armourbearer, and all his men, that same day together.

[1] 1S 12:25; 28:1, 4, 15; 29:1; 2S 1:21; 1Ch 10:1.
[2] Ex 20:5; 1S 13:2, 16; 14:1, 22, 49; 18:1; 23:17; 2S 1:6; 2K 25:7; 1Ch 8:33; 9:39.
[3] Gn 49:23; 2S 1:4; 1K 22:34; Am 2:14.
[4] Jg 9:54; 1S 14:6; 17:26, 36; 2S 1:9, 14, 20; 17:23; 1K 16:27; 1Ch 10:4; Jr 9:25; Ezk 44:7.
[5] 1Ch 10:5.
[6] 1S 4:10; 11:15; 12:17, 25; 28:19; 1Ch 10:6; Ec 9:1; Ho 13:10.

The Philistines possess the forsaken towns of the Israelites.

7 ¶ And when the men of Israel that [were] on the other side of the valley, and [they] that [were] on the other side Jordan, saw that the men of Israel fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities, and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them.

[7] Lv 26:32, 36; Dt 28:33; Jg 6:2; 1S 13:6.

They triumph over the dead carcases.

8 And it came to pass on the morrow, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen in mount Gilboa. 9 And they cut off his head, and stripped off his armour, and sent into the land of the Philistines round about, to publish [it in] the house of their idols, and among the people. 10 And they put his armour in the house of Ashtaroth: and they fastened his body to the wall of Bethshan.

[8] 1Ch 10:8; 2Ch 20:25.
[9] Jg 16:23; 1S 17:51, 54; 31:4; 2S 1:20; 1Ch 10:9.
[10] Jsh 17:11; Jg 1:27; 2:13; 1S 21:9; 2S 21:12.

They of Jabesh-gilead, recovering the bodies by night, burn them at Jabesh, and mournfully bury their bones.

11 ¶ And when the inhabitants of Jabeshgilead heard of that which the Philistines had done to Saul; 12 All the valiant men arose, and went all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Bethshan, and came to Jabesh, and burnt them there. 13 And they took their bones, and buried [them] under a tree at Jabesh, and fasted seven days.

[11] 1S 11:1; 2S 2:4.
[12] 2Ch 16:14; Jr 34:5; Am 6:10.
[13] Gn 35:8; 50:10; 2S 2:4; 21:12.


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