NASB — Jeremiah 34 — KJV

A Prophecy against Zedekiah

1 The word which came to Jeremiah from the LORD, when aNebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and all his army, with ball the kingdoms of the earth that were under his dominion and all the peoples, were fighting against Jerusalem and against all its cities, saying, 2 “Thus says the LORD God of Israel, ‘aGo and speak to Zedekiah king of Judah and say to him: “Thus says the LORD, ‘Behold, bI am giving this city into the hand of the king of Babylon, and che will burn it with fire. 3 aYou will not escape from his hand, for you will surely be captured and delivered into his hand; and you will bsee the king of Babylon eye to eye, and he will speak with you Iface to face, and you will go to Babylon.’”’ 4 Yet hear the word of the LORD, O Zedekiah king of Judah! Thus says the LORD concerning you, ‘You will not die by the sword. 5 You will die in peace; and as [spices] were burned for your fathers, the former kings who were before you, so they will aburn [spices] for you; and bthey will lament for you, “Alas, lord!”’ For I have spoken the word,” declares the LORD.

[1] a2K 25:1; Jr 32:2; 39:1; 52:4 bJr 1:15; 27:7; Dn 2:37, 38
[2] a2Ch 36:11, 12; Jr 22:1, 2; 37:1, 2 bJr 21:10; 32:3; 34:22; 37:8-10 cJr 32:29
[3] ILit mouth to mouth a2K 25:4, 5; Jr 21:7; 32:4; 34:21 b2K 25:6, 7; Jr 39:6, 7
[5] a2Ch 16:14; 21:19 bJr 22:18

6 ¶ Then Jeremiah the prophet spoke aall these words to Zedekiah king of Judah in Jerusalem 7 when the army of the king of Babylon was fighting against Jerusalem and against all the remaining cities of Judah, [that is], aLachish and bAzekah, for they [alone] remained as cfortified cities among the cities of Judah.

[6] a1S 3:18; 15:16-24
[7] aJsh 10:3, 5; 2K 14:19; 18:14; Is 36:2 bJsh 10:10; 2Ch 11:9 c2Ch 11:5-10

8 ¶ The word which came to Jeremiah from the LORD after King Zedekiah had amade a covenant with all the people who were in Jerusalem to bproclaim Irelease to them: 9 that each man should set free his male servant and each man his female servant, a aHebrew man or a Hebrew woman; so that bno one should keep them, a Jew his brother, in bondage. 10 And all the aofficials and all the people obeyed who had entered into the covenant that each man should set free his male servant and each man his female servant, so that no one should keep them any longer in bondage; they obeyed, and set [them free]. 11 But afterward they turned around and took back the male servants and the female servants whom they had set free, and brought them into subjection for male servants and for female servants.

[8] IOr liberty a2K 11:17; 23:2, 3 bEx 21:2; Lv 25:10, 39-46; Ne 5:1-13; Is 58:6; Jr 34:14, 17
[9] aGn 14:13; Ex 2:6 bLv 25:39
[10] aJr 26:10, 16

12 ¶ Then the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah from the LORD, saying, 13 “Thus says the LORD God of Israel, ‘I amade a covenant with your forefathers in the day that I bbrought them out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage, saying, 14aAt the end of seven years each of you shall set free his Hebrew brother who Ihas been sold to you and has served you six years, you shall send him out free from you; but your forefathers bdid not obey Me or incline their ear to Me. 15 Although recently you [had] turned and adone what is right in My sight, each man proclaiming Irelease to his neighbor, and you had bmade a covenant before Me cin the house which is called by My name. 16 Yet you aturned and bprofaned My name, and each man Itook back his male servant and each man his female servant whom you had set free according to their desire, and you brought them into subjection to be your male servants and female servants.”’

[13] aEx 24:3, 7, 8; Dt 5:2, 3, 27; Jr 31:32 bEx 20:2
[14] IOr has sold himself aEx 21:2; Dt 15:12; 1K 9:22 b1S 8:7, 8; 2K 17:13, 14
[15] IOr liberty aJr 34:8 b2K 23:3; Ne 10:29 cJr 7:10f; 32:34
[16] ILit caused them to return a1S 15:11; Jr 34:11; Ezk 3:20; 18:24 bEx 20:7; Lv 19:12

17 ¶ “Therefore thus says the LORD, ‘You have not obeyed Me in proclaiming Irelease each man to his brother and each man to his neighbor. Behold, I am aproclaiming a Irelease to you,’ declares the LORD, ‘to the bsword, to the pestilence and to the famine; and I will make you a cterror to all the kingdoms of the earth. 18 I will give the men who have atransgressed My covenant, who have not fulfilled the words of the covenant which they made before Me, [when] they bcut the calf in two and passed between its parts19 the aofficials of Judah and the officials of Jerusalem, the court officers and the priests and all the people of the land who passed between the parts of the calf20 I will give them into the hand of their enemies and into the hand of those who aseek their life. And their bdead bodies will be food for the birds of the sky and the beasts of the earth. 21 aZedekiah king of Judah and his officials I will give into the hand of their enemies and into the hand of those who seek their life, and into the hand of the army of the king of Babylon which has bgone away from you. 22 Behold, I am going to command,’ declares the LORD, ‘and I will bring them back to this city; and they will fight against it and atake it and burn it with fire; and I will make the cities of Judah a bdesolation cwithout inhabitant.’”

[17] IOr liberty aLv 26:34, 35; Es 7:10; Dn 6:24; Mt 7:2 bJr 32:24; 38:2 cDt 28:25; Jr 29:18
[18] aDt 17:2; Ho 6:7; 8:1; Ro 2:8 bGn 15:10
[19] aJr 34:10; Ezk 22:27; Zp 3:3, 4
[20] aJr 11:21; 21:7; 22:25 bDt 28:26; 1S 17:44, 46; 1K 14:11; 16:4; Ps 79:2; Jr 7:33; 16:4; 19:7
[21] a2K 25:18-21; Jr 32:3, 4; 39:6; 52:10, 24-27; Ezk 17:16 bJr 37:5-11
[22] aJr 34:2; 39:1, 2, 8; 52:7, 13 bJr 4:7; 9:11 cJr 33:10; 44:22


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Jeremiah prophesieth the captivity of Zedekiah and the city.

1 ¶ The word which came unto Jeremiah from the LORD, when Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and all his army, and all the kingdoms of the earth of his dominion, and all the people, fought against Jerusalem, and against all the cities thereof, saying, 2 Thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel; Go and speak to Zedekiah king of Judah, and tell him, Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will give this city into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall burn it with fire: 3 And thou shalt not escape out of his hand, but shalt surely be taken, and delivered into his hand; and thine eyes shall behold the eyes of the king of Babylon, and he shall speak with thee mouth to mouth, and thou shalt go to Babylon. 4 Yet hear the word of the LORD, O Zedekiah king of Judah; Thus saith the LORD of thee, Thou shalt not die by the sword: 5 [But] thou shalt die in peace: and with the burnings of thy fathers, the former kings which were before thee, so shall they burn [odours] for thee; and they will lament thee, [saying], Ah lord! for I have pronounced the word, saith the LORD. 6 Then Jeremiah the prophet spake all these words unto Zedekiah king of Judah in Jerusalem, 7 When the king of Babylon's army fought against Jerusalem, and against all the cities of Judah that were left, against Lachish, and against Azekah: for these defenced cities remained of the cities of Judah.

[1] 2K 25:1; 2Ch 36:12; Jr 1:15; 27:5; 32:2; 34:1, 7, 8; 39:1; 52:4; Dn 2:37; 4:1, 22; 5:19.
[2] 2Ch 36:11; Jr 21:4, 10; 22:1; 32:3, 28; 34:22; 37:1, 8; 38:23; 39:8.
[3] 2K 25:4, 6; Jr 21:7; 32:4; 34:21; 37:17; 38:18; 39:4, 6; 52:7, 10; Ezk 12:13; 17:18; 21:25.
[5] 2K 22:20; 2Ch 16:14; 21:19, 20; 34:28; Jr 22:18; Lm 4:20; Ezk 17:16; Dn 2:46.
[6] 1S 3:18; 15:16; 2S 12:7; 1K 21:19; 22:14; Ezk 2:7; Mt 14:4; Ac 20:27.
[7] Dt 28:52; Jsh 10:3, 11; 12:11; 15:35, 39; 2K 18:13; 19:8; 2Ch 11:5; 27:4; Jr 4:5; 8:14; 11:12; 34:1; Mi 1:13.

The princes and the people having dismissed their bondservants, contrary to the Covenant of God, reassume them.

8 ¶ [This is] the word that came unto Jeremiah from the LORD, after that the king Zedekiah had made a covenant with all the people which [were] at Jerusalem, to proclaim liberty unto them; 9 That every man should let his manservant, and every man his maidservant, [being] an Hebrew or an Hebrewess, go free; that none should serve himself of them, [to wit], of a Jew his brother. 10 Now when all the princes, and all the people, which had entered into the covenant, heard that every one should let his manservant, and every one his maidservant, go free, that none should serve themselves of them any more, then they obeyed, and let [them] go. 11 But afterward they turned, and caused the servants and the handmaids, whom they had let go free, to return, and brought them into subjection for servants and for handmaids.

[8] Ex 21:2; 23:10; Lv 25:10, 39; Dt 15:12; 2K 11:17; 23:2; 2Ch 15:12; 23:16; 29:10; 34:30; Ne 5:1; 9:38; 10:1; Is 61:1; Jr 34:14, 17.
[9] Gn 14:13; 40:15; Ex 2:6; 3:18; Dt 15:12; 1S 4:6, 9; 14:11; Jr 25:14; 27:7; 30:8; 34:10; 1Co 6:8; 2Co 11:22; Php 3:5.
[10] Is 29:13; Jr 3:10; 26:10, 16; 36:12, 24; 38:4; Mk 6:20.
[11] Ex 8:8, 15; 9:28, 34; 10:17; 14:3; 1S 19:6; 24:19; 26:21; Ps 36:3; 78:34; 125:5; Pv 26:11; Ec 8:11; Jr 34:21; 37:5; Ho 6:4; 7:16; Zp 1:6; Mt 12:43; Ro 2:4; 2P 2:20.

Jeremiah, for their disobedience, giveth them and Zedekiah into the hands of their enemies.

12 ¶ Therefore the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah from the LORD, saying, 13 Thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel; I made a covenant with your fathers in the day that I brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondmen, saying, 14 At the end of seven years let ye go every man his brother an Hebrew, which hath been sold unto thee; and when he hath served thee six years, thou shalt let him go free from thee: but your fathers hearkened not unto me, neither inclined their ear. 15 And ye were now turned, and had done right in my sight, in proclaiming liberty every man to his neighbour; and ye had made a covenant before me in the house which is called by my name: 16 But ye turned and polluted my name, and caused every man his servant, and every man his handmaid, whom ye had set at liberty at their pleasure, to return, and brought them into subjection, to be unto you for servants and for handmaids. 17 Therefore thus saith the LORD; Ye have not hearkened unto me, in proclaiming liberty, every one to his brother, and every man to his neighbour: behold, I proclaim a liberty for you, saith the LORD, to the sword, to the pestilence, and to the famine; and I will make you to be removed into all the kingdoms of the earth. 18 And I will give the men that have transgressed my covenant, which have not performed the words of the covenant which they had made before me, when they cut the calf in twain, and passed between the parts thereof, 19 The princes of Judah, and the princes of Jerusalem, the eunuchs, and the priests, and all the people of the land, which passed between the parts of the calf; 20 I will even give them into the hand of their enemies, and into the hand of them that seek their life: and their dead bodies shall be for meat unto the fowls of the heaven, and to the beasts of the earth. 21 And Zedekiah king of Judah and his princes will I give into the hand of their enemies, and into the hand of them that seek their life, and into the hand of the king of Babylon's army, which are gone up from you. 22 Behold, I will command, saith the LORD, and cause them to return to this city; and they shall fight against it, and take it, and burn it with fire: and I will make the cities of Judah a desolation without an inhabitant.

[13] Ex 13:3, 14; 24:3, 7; Dt 5:2, 6, 27; 6:12; 7:8; 8:14; 13:10; 15:15; 16:12; 24:18; 29:1; Jsh 24:17; Jg 6:8; Jr 7:22; 11:4, 7; 31:32; He 8:10.
[14] Ex 21:1; 23:10; Dt 15:12; 1S 8:7; 1K 9:22; 21:25; 2K 17:13; 2Ch 28:10; 36:16; Ne 9:30; Is 50:1; 58:6; Jr 7:25; 11:8; 32:30; 34:8; 36:21; Ezk 20:4, 8; Am 2:6; 8:6; Zc 7:11; Ro 7:14, 24.
[15] 1K 21:27; 2K 10:30; 12:2; 14:3; 23:3; Ne 10:29; Ps 76:11; 119:106; Is 58:2; Jr 7:10; 34:8, 10; Mt 15:8.
[16] Ex 20:7; Lv 19:12; 1S 15:11; Jr 34:11; Ezk 3:20; 17:16; 18:24; 20:39; 33:12; 39:7; Mal 1:7, 12; Mt 18:28; Lk 8:13.
[17] Lv 26:34; Dt 19:19; 28:25, 64; Jg 1:6; Es 7:10; Jr 15:2, 4; 21:7; 24:9, 10; 29:18; 32:24, 36; 47:6; Lm 1:8; Ezk 14:17; Dn 6:24; Mt 7:2; Lk 6:37; Ga 6:7; Jm 2:13; Rv 16:6.
[18] Gn 15:10, 17; Dt 17:2; 29:12; Jsh 7:11; 9:7; 23:16; Ps 50:1; Ho 6:7; 8:1.
[19] 2K 24:12, 15; Jr 29:2; 34:10; 38:7; Ezk 22:27; Dn 9:6, 8, 12; Mi 7:1; Zp 3:3.
[20] 1S 17:44, 46; 1K 14:11; 16:4; 21:23; 2K 9:34; Jr 4:30; 7:33; 11:21; 16:4; 19:7; 21:7; 22:25; 38:16; 44:30; 49:37; Ezk 29:5; 32:4; 39:17; Rv 19:17.
[21] 2K 25:18; Jr 34:3; 37:5; 39:6; 52:10, 24; Lm 4:20; Ezk 17:16.
[22] 2S 16:11; 2K 24:2; 2Ch 36:17; Is 6:11; 10:5; 13:3; 24:12; 37:26; 45:1; 64:10; Jr 9:11; 21:4; 32:29; 33:10; 37:8; 38:23; 39:1, 8; 44:2, 22; 52:7, 13; Lm 1:1; Ezk 33:27; Am 3:6; Mi 7:13; Zc 1:12; 7:14; Mt 22:7.


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