NASB — 1 Kings 22 — KJV

Ahab’s Third Campaign against Aram

1 Three Iyears passed without war between Aram and Israel. 2 aIn the third year bJehoshaphat the king of Judah came down to the king of Israel. 3 Now the king of Israel said to his servants, “Do you know that aRamoth-gilead belongs to us, and we Iare still doing nothing to take it out of the hand of the king of Aram?” 4 And he said to Jehoshaphat, “Will you go with me to battle at Ramoth-gilead?” And Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, “aI am as you are, my people as your people, my horses as your horses.”

[1] ILit they sat for three years
[2] a2Ch 18:2 b1K 15:24
[3] ILit are silent so as not aDt 4:43; Jsh 21:38; 1K 4:13
[4] a2K 3:7

5 ¶ Moreover, Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, “Please inquire Ifirst for the word of the LORD.” 6 Then athe king of Israel gathered the prophets together, about four hundred men, and said to them, “Shall I go against Ramoth-gilead to battle or shall I refrain?” And they said, “Go up, for the Lord will give [it] into the hand of the king.” 7 But aJehoshaphat said, “Is there not yet a prophet of the LORD here that we may inquire of him?” 8 The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “There is yet one man by whom we may inquire of the LORD, but I hate him, because he does not prophesy good concerning me, but evil. [He is] Micaiah son of Imlah.” But Jehoshaphat said, “Let not the king say so.” 9 Then the king of Israel called an officer and said, “IBring quickly Micaiah son of Imlah.” 10 Now the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah were sitting each on his throne, arrayed in [their] robes, at the threshing floor at the entrance of the gate of Samaria; and aall the prophets were prophesying before them. 11 Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah made ahorns of iron for himself and said, “Thus says the LORD, ‘bWith these you will gore the Arameans until they are consumed.’” 12 All the prophets were prophesying thus, saying, “Go up to Ramoth-gilead and prosper, for the LORD will give [it] into the hand of the king.”

[5] ILit as the day
[6] a1K 18:19
[7] a2K 3:11
[9] ILit Hasten Micaiah
[10] a1K 22:6
[11] aZc 1:18-21 bDt 33:17

Micaiah Predicts Defeat

13 ¶ Then the messenger who went to summon Micaiah spoke to him saying, “Behold now, the words of the prophets are uniformly favorable to the king. Please let your word be like the word of one of them, and speak favorably.” 14 But Micaiah said, “aAs the LORD lives, what bthe LORD says to me, that I shall speak.”

[14] a1K 18:10, 15 bNu 22:18; 24:13

15 ¶ When he came to the king, the king said to him, “Micaiah, shall we go to Ramoth-gilead to battle, or shall we refrain?” And he Ianswered him, “aGo up and succeed, and the LORD will give [it] into the hand of the king.” 16 Then the king said to him, “How many times must I adjure you to speak to me nothing but the truth in the name of the LORD?” 17 So he said,
  “I saw all Israel
  Scattered on the mountains,
  aLike sheep which have no shepherd.
  And the LORD said, ‘These have no master.
  Let each of them return to his house in peace.’”
18 Then the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “aDid I not tell you that he would not prophesy good concerning me, but evil?”

[15] ILit said to a1K 22:12
[17] aNu 27:17; 1K 22:34-36; 2Ch 18:16; Mt 9:36; Mk 6:34
[18] a1K 22:8

19IMicaiah said, “Therefore, hear the word of the LORD. aI saw the LORD sitting on His throne, and ball the host of heaven standing by Him on His right and on His left. 20 The LORD said, ‘Who will entice Ahab to go up and fall at Ramoth-gilead?’ And one said this while another said that. 21 Then a spirit came forward and stood before the LORD and said, ‘I will entice him.’ 22 The LORD said to him, ‘How?’ And he said, ‘I will go out and abe a deceiving spirit in the mouth of all his prophets.’ Then He said, ‘You are to entice [him] and also prevail. Go and do so.’ 23 Now therefore, behold, athe LORD has put a deceiving spirit in the mouth of all these your prophets; and the LORD has proclaimed disaster against you.”

[19] ILit he aIs 6:1; Ezk 1:26-28; Dn 7:9, 10 bJb 1:6; 2:1; Ps 103:20, 21; Dn 7:10; Mt 18:10; He 1:7, 14
[22] aJg 9:23; 1S 16:14; 18:10; 19:9; Ezk 14:9; 2Th 2:11
[23] aEzk 14:9

24 ¶ Then aZedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near and struck Micaiah on the cheek and said, “bHow did the Spirit of the LORD pass from me to speak to you?” 25 Micaiah said, “Behold, you shall see on that day when you aenter an inner room to hide yourself.” 26 Then the king of Israel said, “Take Micaiah and return him to Amon the governor of the city and to Joash the king’s son; 27 and say, ‘Thus says the king, “aPut this man in prison and feed him Isparingly with bread and water until I return safely.”’” 28 Micaiah said, “aIf you indeed return safely the LORD has not spoken by me.” And he said, “bListen, all you people.”

[24] a1K 22:11; Mt 5:39; Ac 23:2, 3 b2Ch 18:23
[25] a1K 20:30
[27] ILit with bread of affliction and water of affliction a2Ch 16:10; 18:25-27
[28] aDt 18:22 bMi 1:2

Defeat and Death of Ahab

29 ¶ So athe king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah went up against Ramoth-gilead. 30 The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “aI will disguise myself and go into the battle, but you put on your robes.” So the king of Israel disguised himself and went into the battle. 31 Now athe king of Aram had commanded the thirty-two captains of his chariots, saying, “Do not fight with small or great, but with the king of Israel alone.” 32 So when the captains of the chariots saw Jehoshaphat, they said, “Surely it is the king of Israel,” and they turned aside to fight against him, and Jehoshaphat cried out. 33 When the captains of the chariots saw that it was not the king of Israel, they turned back from pursuing him.

[29] a1K 22:3, 4
[30] a2Ch 35:22
[31] a1K 20:1, 16, 24; 2Ch 18:30

34 ¶ Now a certain man drew his bow at random and struck the king of Israel Iin a joint of the armor. So he said to the driver of his chariot, “Turn IIaround and take me out of the IIIfight; afor I am severely wounded.” 35 The battle Iraged that day, and the king was propped up in his chariot in front of the Arameans, and died at evening, and the blood from the wound ran into the bottom of the chariot. 36 aThen a cry passed throughout the army close to sunset, saying, “Every man to his city and every man to his Icountry.”

[34] ILit between the scale-armor and the breastplate IILit your hand IIILit camp a2Ch 35:23
[35] ILit went up
[36] ILit land a2K 14:12

37 ¶ So the king died and was brought to Samaria, and they buried the king in Samaria. 38 They washed the chariot by the pool of Samaria, and the dogs licked up his blood (now the harlots bathed themselves [there)], aaccording to the word of the LORD which He spoke. 39 Now the rest of the acts of Ahab and all that he did and athe ivory house which he built and all the cities which he built, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel? 40 So Ahab slept with his fathers, and Ahaziah his son became king in his place.

[38] a1K 21:19
[39] aAm 3:15

The New Rulers

41aNow Jehoshaphat the son of Asa became king over Judah in the fourth year of Ahab king of Israel. 42 Jehoshaphat was thirty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned twenty-five years in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name was Azubah the daughter of Shilhi. 43 aHe walked in all the way of Asa his father; he did not turn aside from it, doing right in the sight of the LORD. bHowever, the high places were not taken away; the people still sacrificed and burnt incense on the high places. 44 aJehoshaphat also made peace with the king of Israel.

[41] a2Ch 20:31
[43] a2Ch 17:3 b1K 15:14; 2K 12:3
[44] a1K 22:2; 2K 8:16, 18; 2Ch 19:2

45 ¶ Now the rest of the acts of Jehoshaphat, and his might which he showed and how he warred, are they not written ain the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah? 46 The remnant of athe sodomites who remained in the days of his father Asa, he Iexpelled from the land.

[45] a2Ch 20:34
[46] ILit consumed aGn 19:5; Dt 23:17; 1K 14:24; 15:12; Jde 7

47 ¶ Now athere was no king in Edom; a deputy was king. 48 Jehoshaphat made aships of Tarshish to go to bOphir for gold, but cthey did not go for the ships were broken at dEzion-geber. 49 Then Ahaziah the son of Ahab said to Jehoshaphat, “Let my servants go with your servants in the ships.” But Jehoshaphat was not willing. 50 aAnd Jehoshaphat slept with his fathers and was buried with his fathers in the city of his father David, and Jehoram his son became king in his place.

[47] a2S 8:14; 2K 3:9
[48] a1K 10:22; 2Ch 20:36 b1K 9:28 c2Ch 20:37 d1K 9:26
[50] a2Ch 21:1

51 ¶ Ahaziah the son of Ahab abecame king over Israel in Samaria in the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and he reigned two years over Israel. 52 He did evil in the sight of the LORD and awalked in the way of his father and in the way of his mother and in the way of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who caused Israel to sin. 53 aSo he served Baal and worshiped him and provoked the LORD God of Israel to anger, according to all that his father had done.

[51] a1K 22:40
[52] a1K 15:26; 21:25
[53] aJg 2:11; 1K 16:30-32


New American Standard Bible
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by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved.
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NAS Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible
with Hebrew-Aramaic and Greek Dictionaries
Copyright © 1981, 1998 by The Lockman Foundation. All rights reserved.

Ahab, seduced by false prophets, according to the word of Micaiah, is slain at Ramoth-gilead.

1 ¶ And they continued¬ three years without war between Syria and Israel. 2 And it came to pass in the third year, that Jehoshaphat the king of Judah came down¬ to the king of Israel. 3 And the king of Israel said¬ unto his servants, Know¬ ye that Ramoth in Gilead [is] ours, and we [be] still,¬ [and] take¬ it not out of the hand of the king of Syria? 4 And he said¬ unto Jehoshaphat, Wilt thou go¬ with me to battle to Ramothgilead? And Jehoshaphat said¬ to the king of Israel, I [am] as thou [art], my people as thy people, my horses as thy horses. 5 And Jehoshaphat said¬ unto the king of Israel, Enquire,¬ I pray thee, at the word of the LORD to day. 6 Then the king of Israel gathered¬ the prophets together,¬ about four hundred men, and said¬ unto them, Shall I go¬ against Ramothgilead to battle, or shall I forbear?¬ And they said,¬ Go up;¬ for the Lord shall deliver¬ [it] into the hand of the king. 7 And Jehoshaphat said,¬ [Is there] not here a prophet of the LORD besides, that we might enquire¬ of him? 8 And the king of Israel said¬ unto Jehoshaphat, [There is] yet one man, Micaiah the son of Imlah, by whom we may enquire¬ of the LORD: but I hate¬ him; for he doth not prophesy¬ good concerning me, but evil. And Jehoshaphat said,¬ Let not the king say¬ so. 9 Then the king of Israel called¬ an officer, and said,¬ Hasten¬ [hither] Micaiah the son of Imlah. 10 And the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah sat¬ each on his throne, having put on¬ their robes, in a void place in the entrance of the gate of Samaria; and all the prophets prophesied¬ before them. 11 And Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah made¬ him horns of iron: and he said,¬ Thus saith¬ the LORD, With these shalt thou push¬ the Syrians, until thou have consumed¬ them. 12 And all the prophets prophesied¬ so, saying,¬ Go up¬ to Ramothgilead, and prosper:¬ for the LORD shall deliver¬ [it] into the king's hand. 13 And the messenger that was gone¬ to call¬ Micaiah spake¬ unto him, saying,¬ Behold now, the words of the prophets [declare] good unto the king with one mouth: let thy word, I pray thee, be like the word of one of them, and speak¬ [that which is] good. 14 And Micaiah said,¬ [As] the LORD liveth, what the LORD saith¬ unto me, that will I speak.¬

[1] 1K 20:34.
[2] 1K 15:24; 22:1, 41, 44; 2K 8:18; 2Ch 18:1, 2; Mt 12:40; 16:21.
[3] Dt 4:43; Jsh 20:8; Jg 16:2; 2S 19:10; 1K 4:13.
[4] 2K 3:7; 2Ch 18:3; 19:2; Ps 139:21; Pv 13:20; 1Co 15:33; 2Co 6:16; Ep 5:11; 2Jn 1:11; Rv 2:26.
[5] Nu 27:21; Jsh 9:14; Jg 1:1; 20:18, 23, 29; 1S 14:18; 23:2, 4, 9; 30:8; 2K 1:3; 3:11; 1Ch 10:13; 2Ch 18:4; Pv 3:5; Jr 21:2; 42:2; Ezk 14:3; 20:1.
[6] 1K 18:19; 22:15, 22; 2Ch 18:14; Jr 5:31; 8:10; 14:13; 23:14; 28:1; Ezk 13:7, 22; Mt 7:15; 2Ti 4:3; 2P 2:1; Rv 19:20.
[7] 2K 3:11; 2Ch 18:6.
[8] Gn 37:8; 1K 18:4; 19:10, 14; 20:35, 41, 43; 21:20, 27; 22:13, 27; 2K 9:22; 2Ch 36:16; Ps 34:21; Pv 5:12; 9:8; 15:12; Is 3:11; 30:10; 49:7; 57:19; Jr 18:18; 20:10; 38:4; 43:3; Am 5:10; Mi 2:7, 11; Zc 11:8; Mt 10:22; Jn 3:19; 7:7; 15:18; 17:14; Ga 4:16; Rv 11:7.
[9] 1K 22:26; 2K 9:32; 2Ch 18:8; Is 39:7; Dn 1:18.
[10] 1K 18:29; 22:30; 2Ch 18:9; Es 5:1; 6:8; Jr 27:14; Ezk 13:1; Mt 6:20; 11:8; Ac 12:21; 25:23.
[11] Jr 23:17, 25, 31; 27:2; 28:2, 10; 29:21; Ezk 13:6; 22:27; Mi 3:11; Zc 1:18; Ac 19:13; 2Co 11:13; 2Ti 3:8.
[12] 1K 22:6, 32; 2Ch 35:22.
[13] Ps 10:11; 11:1; 14:1; 50:21; Is 30:10; Ho 7:3; Am 7:13; Mi 2:6, 11; 1Co 2:14.
[14] Nu 22:38; 24:13; 2Ch 18:12; Jr 23:28; 26:2; 42:4; Ezk 2:4; 3:17; Ac 20:26; 2Co 2:17; 4:2; Ga 1:10.

15 ¶ So he came¬ to the king. And the king said¬ unto him, Micaiah, shall we go¬ against Ramothgilead to battle, or shall we forbear?¬ And he answered¬ him, Go,¬ and prosper:¬ for the LORD shall deliver¬ [it] into the hand of the king. 16 And the king said¬ unto him, How many times shall I adjure¬ thee that thou tell¬ me nothing but [that which is] true in the name of the LORD? 17 And he said,¬ I saw¬ all Israel scattered¬ upon the hills, as sheep that have not a shepherd:¬ and the LORD said,¬ These have no master: let them return¬ every man to his house in peace. 18 And the king of Israel said¬ unto Jehoshaphat, Did I not tell¬ thee that he would prophesy¬ no good concerning me, but evil? 19 And he said,¬ Hear¬ thou therefore the word of the LORD: I saw¬ the LORD sitting¬ on his throne, and all the host of heaven standing¬ by him on his right hand and on his left. 20 And the LORD said,¬ Who shall persuade¬ Ahab, that he may go up¬ and fall¬ at Ramothgilead? And one said¬ on this manner, and another said¬ on that manner. 21 And there came forth¬ a spirit, and stood¬ before the LORD, and said,¬ I will persuade¬ him. 22 And the LORD said¬ unto him, Wherewith? And he said,¬ I will go forth,¬ and I will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. And he said,¬ Thou shalt persuade¬ [him], and prevail¬ also: go forth,¬ and do¬ so. 23 Now therefore, behold, the LORD hath put¬ a lying spirit in the mouth of all these thy prophets, and the LORD hath spoken¬ evil concerning thee. 24 But Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah went near,¬ and smote¬ Micaiah on the cheek, and said,¬ Which way went¬ the Spirit of the LORD from me to speak¬ unto thee? 25 And Micaiah said,¬ Behold, thou shalt see¬ in that day, when thou shalt go¬ into an inner chamber to hide¬ thyself. 26 And the king of Israel said,¬ Take¬ Micaiah, and carry him back¬ unto Amon the governor of the city, and to Joash the king's son; 27 And say,¬ Thus saith¬ the king, Put¬ this [fellow] in the prison, and feed¬ him with bread of affliction and with water of affliction, until I come¬ in peace. 28 And Micaiah said,¬ If thou return¬ at all¬ in peace, the LORD hath not spoken¬ by me. And he said,¬ Hearken,¬ O people, every one of you. 29 So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah went up¬ to Ramothgilead. 30 And the king of Israel said¬ unto Jehoshaphat, I will disguise¬ myself, and enter¬ into the battle; but put thou on¬ thy robes. And the king of Israel disguised¬ himself, and went¬ into the battle. 31 But the king of Syria commanded¬ his thirty and two captains that had rule over his chariots, saying,¬ Fight¬ neither with small nor great, save only with the king of Israel. 32 And it came to pass, when the captains of the chariots saw¬ Jehoshaphat, that they said,¬ Surely it [is] the king of Israel. And they turned aside¬ to fight¬ against him: and Jehoshaphat cried out.¬ 33 And it came to pass, when the captains of the chariots perceived¬ that it [was] not the king of Israel, that they turned back¬ from pursuing him. 34 And a [certain] man drew¬ a bow at a venture, and smote¬ the king of Israel between the joints of the harness: wherefore he said¬ unto the driver of his chariot, Turn¬ thine hand, and carry me out¬ of the host; for I am wounded.¬ 35 And the battle increased¬ that day: and the king was stayed up¬ in his chariot against the Syrians, and died¬ at even: and the blood ran out¬ of the wound into the midst of the chariot. 36 And there went¬ a proclamation throughout the host about the going down¬ of the sun, saying,¬ Every man to his city, and every man to his own country.

[15] Jg 10:14; 1K 18:27; 22:6; 2K 3:13; 2Ch 18:14; Ec 11:9; Mt 26:45.
[16] Jsh 6:26; 1S 14:24; 2Ch 18:15; Jr 42:3; Mt 22:16; 26:63; Mk 5:7; Ac 19:13.
[17] Nu 27:17; 1S 9:9; 1K 22:34; 2Ch 18:16; Jr 1:11; 23:1; 50:6, 17; Ezk 1:4; 34:4; Zc 10:2; 13:7; Mt 9:36; Ac 10:11.
[18] 1K 22:8; Pv 10:24; 27:22; 29:1; Lk 11:45.
[19] 2Ch 18:18; Jb 1:6; 2:1; Ps 103:20; Is 1:10; 6:1, 2; 28:14; Jr 2:4; 29:20; 42:15; Ezk 1:26; 13:2; Dn 7:9; Am 7:16; Zc 1:10; Mt 18:10; 25:31; Ac 7:55; He 1:7, 14; 12:22; Rv 4:2; 5:11.
[20] Jb 12:16; Jr 4:10; Ezk 14:9.
[21] 1K 22:23; Jb 1:6; 2:1.
[22] Jg 9:23; 1K 22:20; Jb 1:8; 2:4; 12:16; Ps 109:17; Jn 8:44; Ac 5:3; 2Th 2:9, 10; 1Ti 4:1; 1Jn 4:6; Rv 12:9; 13:14; 16:13; 17:17; 20:3, 7, 10.
[23] Ex 4:21; 10:20; Nu 23:19; 24:13; Dt 2:30; 1K 20:42; 21:19; 22:8; 2Ch 25:16; Is 3:11; 6:9; 44:20; Ezk 14:3, 9; Mt 13:13; 24:24.
[24] 1K 22:11; 2Ch 18:23; Is 50:5; Jr 28:10; 29:26; Lm 3:30; Mi 5:1; Mt 26:68; 27:42; Mk 14:65; 15:19; Jn 15:18, 20; Ac 23:2.
[25] Nu 31:8; 1K 20:30; Is 9:14; Jr 23:15; 28:16; 29:21, 32; Am 7:17; 2P 2:1; Rv 19:20.
[26] 1K 22:9.
[27] Dt 16:3; 2Ch 16:10; 18:25; Ps 80:5; 102:9; 127:2; Is 30:20; Jr 20:2; 29:26; 37:15; 38:6; Lm 3:53; Mk 6:17; Lk 3:20; 12:45; Ac 5:18; 16:23; 24:25; 26:10; Ep 3:1; 1Th 5:2; Jm 4:13; Rv 2:10.
[28] Nu 16:29; Dt 18:20; 1K 18:21, 36; 2K 1:10, 12; 2Ch 18:27; Is 44:26; Jr 28:8; Am 3:1; Mi 1:2; Mk 7:14; 12:37; Ac 13:10.
[29] 1K 22:2; 2Ch 18:28.
[30] 1S 28:8; 2S 14:2; 1K 14:2; 20:38; 22:10; 2Ch 18:29; 35:22; Ps 12:2; Pv 21:30; Jr 23:24.
[31] Gn 19:11; 1S 30:2; 1K 20:24, 33; 2Ch 18:30; Jr 16:6.
[32] Ex 14:10; 2Ch 18:31; Ps 50:15; 91:15; 116:1; 130:1; Pv 13:20; Jna 2:1.
[33] 1K 22:31; Ps 76:10.
[34] 1S 17:49; 2S 15:11; 2K 9:24; 2Ch 18:30; 35:23; Mi 6:13; Rv 9:9.
[35] 1K 20:42; 22:28.
[36] Jg 7:7; 21:24; 1S 4:10; 2S 19:8; 1K 12:16, 24; 22:17, 31; 2K 14:12.

The dogs lick up his blood, and Ahaziah succeedeth him.

37 ¶ So the king died,¬ and was brought¬ to Samaria; and they buried¬ the king in Samaria. 38 And [one] washed¬ the chariot in the pool of Samaria; and the dogs licked up¬ his blood; and they washed¬ his armour; according unto the word of the LORD which he spake.¬ 39 Now the rest of the acts of Ahab, and all that he did,¬ and the ivory house which he made,¬ and all the cities that he built,¬ [are] they not written¬ in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? 40 So Ahab slept¬ with his fathers; and Ahaziah his son reigned