NASB — Acts 26 — KJV

Paul’s Defense before Agrippa

1 aAgrippa said to Paul, “You are permitted to speak for yourself.” Then Paul stretched out his hand and [proceeded] to make his defense:

[1] aAc 9:15

2 ¶ “In regard to all the things of which I am accused by the Jews, I consider myself fortunate, King Agrippa, that I am about to make my defense before you today; 3 Iespecially because you are an expert in all acustoms and IIquestions among [the] Jews; therefore I beg you to listen to me patiently.

[3] IOr because you are especially expert IIOr controversial issues aAc 6:14; 25:19; 26:7

4 ¶ “So then, all Jews know amy manner of life from my youth up, which from the beginning was spent among my [own] nation and at Jerusalem; 5 since they have known about me for a long time, if they are willing to testify, that I lived [as] a aPharisee baccording to the strictest csect of our religion. 6 And now I am Istanding trial afor the hope of bthe promise made by God to our fathers; 7 [the promise] ato which our twelve tribes hope to attain, as they earnestly serve [God] night and day. And for this bhope, O King, I am being caccused by Jews. 8 Why is it considered incredible among you [people] aif God does raise the dead?

[4] aGa 1:13f; Php 3:5
[5] aAc 23:6; Php 3:5 bAc 22:3 cAc 15:5
[6] ILit being tried aAc 24:15; 28:20 bAc 13:32
[7] aJm 1:1 bAc 24:15; 28:20 cAc 26:2
[8] aAc 23:6

9 ¶ “So then, aI thought to myself that I had to do many things hostile to bthe name of Jesus of Nazareth. 10 And this is Ijust what I adid in Jerusalem; not only did I lock up many of the IIsaints in prisons, having breceived authority from the chief priests, but also when they were being put to death I ccast my vote against them. 11 And aas I punished them often in all the synagogues, I tried to force them to blaspheme; and being bfuriously enraged at them, I kept pursuing them ceven to Iforeign cities.

[9] aJn 16:2; 1Ti 1:13 bJn 15:21
[10] ILit also IIOr holy ones aAc 8:3; 9:13 bAc 9:1f cAc 22:20
[11] IOr outlying aMt 10:17; Ac 22:19 bAc 9:1 cAc 22:5

12 ¶ “IWhile so engaged aas I was journeying to Damascus with the authority and commission of the chief priests, 13 at midday, O King, I saw on the way a light from heaven, Ibrighter than the sun, shining all around me and those who were journeying with me. 14 And when we had aall fallen to the ground, I heard a voice saying to me in the IbHebrew dialect, ‘Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting Me? IIIt is hard for you to kick against the goads.’ 15 And I said, ‘Who are You, Lord?’ And the Lord said, ‘I am Jesus whom you are persecuting. 16 But get up and astand on your feet; for this purpose I have appeared to you, to bappoint you a cminister and da witness not only to the things which you have Iseen, but also to the things in which I will appear to you; 17 arescuing you bfrom the [Jewish] people and from the Gentiles, to whom I am sending you, 18 to aopen their eyes so that they may turn from bdarkness to light and from the dominion of cSatan to God, that they may receive dforgiveness of sins and an einheritance among those who have been sanctified by ffaith in Me.’

[12] ILit In which things aAc 26:12-18: 9:3-8; 22:6-11
[13] ILit above the brightness of
[14] II.e. Jewish Aramaic IIAn idiom referring to an animal’s futile resistance to being prodded with goads aAc 9:7 bAc 21:40
[16] ITwo early mss read seen Me aEzk 2:1; Dn 10:11 bAc 22:14 cLk 1:2 dAc 22:15
[17] aJr 1:8, 19 b1Ch 16:35; Ac 9:15
[18] aIs 35:5; 42:7, 16; Ep 5:8; Col 1:13; 1P 2:9 bJn 1:5; Ep 5:8; Col 1:12f; 1Th 5:5; 1P 2:9 cMt 4:10 dLk 24:47; Ac 2:38 eAc 20:32 fAc 20:21

19 ¶ “So, King Agrippa, I did not prove disobedient to the heavenly vision, 20 but [kept] declaring both ato those of Damascus first, and [also] bat Jerusalem and [then] throughout all the region of Judea, and [even] cto the Gentiles, that they should drepent and turn to God, performing deeds eappropriate to repentance. 21 For this reason [some] Jews aseized me in the temple and tried bto put me to death. 22 So, having obtained help from God, I stand to this day atestifying both to small and great, stating nothing but what bthe Prophets and Moses said was going to take place; 23 Iathat IIthe Christ was IIIto suffer, [and] Ithat bby reason of [His] resurrection from the dead He would be the first to proclaim clight both to the [Jewish] people and to the Gentiles.”

[20] aAc 9:19ff bAc 9:26-29; 22:17-20 cAc 9:15; 13:46 dAc 3:19 eMt 3:8; Lk 3:8
[21] aAc 21:27, 30 bAc 21:31
[22] aLk 16:28 bAc 10:43; 24:14
[23] ILit whether III.e. the Messiah IIILit subject to suffering aMt 26:24; Ac 3:18 b1Co 15:20, 23; Col 1:18; Rv 1:5 cIs 42:6; 49:6; Lk 2:32; 2Co 4:4

24 ¶ While [Paul] was saying this in his defense, Festus *said in a loud voice, “Paul, you are out of your mind! I[Your] great alearning is IIdriving you mad.” 25 But Paul *said, “I am not out of my mind, amost excellent Festus, but I utter words Iof sober truth. 26 For the king Iaknows about these matters, and I speak to him also with confidence, since I am persuaded that none of these things escape his notice; for this has not been done in a IIcorner. 27 King Agrippa, do you believe the Prophets? I know that you Ido.” 28 Agrippa [replied] to Paul, “IIn a short time you IIwill persuade me to IIIbecome a aChristian.” 29 And Paul [said], “II would wish to God, that whether IIin a short or long time, not only you, but also all who hear me this day, might become such as I am, except for these achains.”

[24] ILit The many letters IILit turning you to madness aJn 7:15; 2Ti 3:15
[25] ILit of truth and rationality aAc 23:26; 24:3
[26] IOr understands III.e. a hidden or secret place aAc 26:3
[27] ILit believe
[28] IOr With a little IIOr are trying to convince IIILit make aAc 11:26
[29] IOr I would pray to IIOr with a little or with much aAc 21:33

30aThe king stood up and the governor and Bernice, and those who were sitting with them, 31 and when they had gone aside, they [began] talking to one another, saying, “aThis man is not doing anything worthy of death or Iimprisonment.” 32 And Agrippa said to Festus, “This man might have been aset free if he had not bappealed to Caesar.”

[30] aAc 25:23
[31] ILit bonds aAc 23:29
[32] aAc 28:18 bAc 25:11


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1 ¶ Then Agrippa said unto Paul, Thou art permitted to speak for thyself. Then Paul stretched forth the hand, and answered for himself:

[1] Pv 1:24; 18:13, 17; Ezk 16:27; Jn 7:51; Ac 22:1; 25:16; 26:2; Ro 10:21.

Paul, in the presence of Agrippa, declareth his life from his childhood,

2 I think myself happy, king Agrippa, because I shall answer for myself this day before thee touching all the things whereof I am accused of the Jews: 3 Especially [because I know] thee to be expert in all customs and questions which are among the Jews: wherefore I beseech thee to hear me patiently. 4 My manner of life from my youth, which was at the first among mine own nation at Jerusalem, know all the Jews; 5 Which knew me from the beginning, if they would testify, that after the most straitest sect of our religion I lived a Pharisee. 6 And now I stand and am judged for the hope of the promise made of God unto our fathers: 7 Unto which [promise] our twelve tribes, instantly serving [God] day and night, hope to come. For which hope's sake, king Agrippa, I am accused of the Jews. 8 Why should it be thought a thing incredible with you, that God should raise the dead? 9 I verily thought with myself, that I ought to do many things contrary to the name of Jesus of Nazareth. 10 Which thing I also did in Jerusalem: and many of the saints did I shut up in prison, having received authority from the chief priests; and when they were put to death, I gave my voice against [them]. 11 And I punished them oft in every synagogue, and compelled [them] to blaspheme; and being exceedingly mad against them, I persecuted [them] even unto strange cities.

[3] Dt 17:18; Ac 6:14; 21:21; 24:4, 10; 25:19, 26; 26:26; 28:17; 1Co 13:2.
[4] Ac 22:3; 2Ti 3:10.
[5] Ac 22:5; 23:6; 24:5, 14; Php 3:5.
[6] Gn 3:15; 12:3; 22:18; 26:4; 49:10; Dt 18:15; 2S 7:12; Jb 19:25; Ps 2:6; 40:6; 98:2; 110:1; 132:11, 17; Is 4:2; 7:14; 9:6; 11:1; 40:9; 42:1; 53:10; 61:1; Jr 23:5; 33:14; Ezk 17:22; 21:27; 34:23; 37:24; Dn 2:34, 44; 7:13; 9:24; Ho 3:5; Jol 2:32; Am 9:11; Ob 1:21; Mi 5:2; 7:20; Zp 3:14; Zc 2:10; 6:12; 9:9; 13:1, 7; Mal 3:1; 4:2; Lk 1:69; Ac 3:24; 13:32; 23:6; 24:15, 21; 26:8; 28:20; Ro 15:8; Ga 3:17; 4:4; Tit 2:13; 1P 1:11.
[7] Ezr 6:17; 8:35; Ps 134:1; 135:2; Mt 19:28; Lk 2:25, 36, 38; 7:19; 22:30; Ac 20:31; 26:6; Php 3:11; 1Th 3:10; 1Ti 5:5; Jm 1:1; Rv 7:4.
[8] Gn 18:14; Mt 22:29; Lk 1:37; 18:27; Jn 5:28; Ac 4:2; 10:40; 13:30; 17:31; 25:19; 1Co 15:12; Php 3:21.
[9] Jn 16:2; Ac 3:6; 9:16; 21:13; 22:8; 24:5; Ro 10:2; Ga 1:13; Php 3:6; 1Ti 1:13.
[10] Ps 16:3; Ac 7:58; 8:1, 3; 9:13, 14, 21, 26, 32, 41; 22:4, 5, 19; Ro 15:25; 1Co 15:9; Ga 1:13; Ep 1:1; Rv 17:6.
[11] Ec 9:3; Mt 10:17; Mk 3:28; 13:9; Lk 6:11; 15:17; 21:12; Ac 13:45; 18:6; 22:19; 26:24; He 10:28; Jm 2:7; 2P 2:16.

and how miraculously he was converted, and called to his apostleship.

12 Whereupon as I went to Damascus with authority and commission from the chief priests, 13 At midday, O king, I saw in the way a light from heaven, above the brightness of the sun, shining round about me and them which journeyed with me. 14 And when we were all fallen to the earth, I heard a voice speaking unto me, and saying in the Hebrew tongue, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? [it is] hard for thee to kick against the pricks. 15 And I said, Who art thou, Lord? And he said, I am Jesus whom thou persecutest. 16 But rise, and stand upon thy feet: for I have appeared unto thee for this purpose, to make thee a minister and a witness both of these things which thou hast seen, and of those things in the which I will appear unto thee; 17 Delivering thee from the people, and [from] the Gentiles, unto whom now I send thee, 18 To open their eyes, [and] to turn [them] from darkness to light, and [from] the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me. 19 Whereupon, O king Agrippa, I was not disobedient unto the heavenly vision: 20 But shewed first unto them of Damascus, and at Jerusalem, and throughout all the coasts of Judaea, and [then] to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to God, and do works meet for repentance. 21 For these causes the Jews caught me in the temple, and went about to kill [me]. 22 Having therefore obtained help of God, I continue unto this day, witnessing both to small and great, saying none other things than those which the prophets and Moses did say should come: 23 That Christ should suffer, [and] that he should be the first that should rise from the dead, and should shew light unto the people, and to the Gentiles.

[12] 1K 21:8; Ps 94:20; Is 10:1; Jr 26:8; 29:26; Jn 7:45; 11:57; Ac 9:1; 22:5; 26:10.
[13] Is 24:23; 30:26; Mt 17:2; Ac 9:3; 22:6; Rv 1:16; 21:23.
[14] Pv 13:15; Zc 2:8; 12:2; Ac 9:4; 21:40; 22:2, 7; 1Co 10:22.
[15] Ex 16:8; Mt 25:40, 45; Jn 15:20.
[16] Ac 1:17, 25; 6:4; 9:6, 15; 13:1; 18:9; 20:24; 21:19; 22:10, 14, 17; 23:11; 27:23; Ro 1:5; 15:16; 2Co 4:1; 5:18; 12:1; Ga 1:12; 2:2; Ep 3:7; Col 1:7, 23, 25; 1Th 3:2; 1Ti 1:12; 4:6; 2Ti 4:5.
[17] Ps 34:19; 37:32; Ac 9:15, 23, 29; 13:50; 14:5, 19; 16:39; 17:10, 14; 18:10, 12; 19:28; 21:28; 22:21; 23:10; 25:3, 9; 27:42; 28:28; Ro 11:13; 15:16; 2Co 1:8; 4:8; 11:23; Ga 2:9; Ep 3:7; 1Ti 2:7; 2Ti 1:11; 3:11; 4:16, 17.
[18] Ps 32:1; 119:18; 146:8; Is 9:2; 29:18; 32:3; 35:5; 42:7; 43:8; 49:6, 24; 53:8; 60:1; Mal 4:2; Mt 4:16; 6:22; Lk 1:77, 79; 2:32; 4:18; 11:21; 24:45, 47; Jn 1:4; 3:19; 4:10, 14; 7:38; 8:12; 9:5, 39; 12:35; 17:17; Ac 2:38; 3:19; 5:31; 9:17; 10:43; 13:38, 47; 15:9; 20:32; 26:23; Ro 4:6; 5:1; 8:17; 1Co 1:2, 30; 6:10, 11; 2Co 4:4, 6; 6:14; Ga 2:20; 3:2, 14; Ep 1:7, 11, 14, 18; 2:8; 4:18; 5:8, 14; Col 1:12, 13, 14; 1Th 5:4; 2Ti 2:26; Tit 3:5; He 2:14; 9:15; 10:10, 14; 11:6; Jm 2:5; 1P 1:4; 2:9, 25; 1Jn 1:9; 2:8, 12; 3:8; 5:19; Jde 1:1; Rv 20:2; 21:27.
[19] Ex 4:13; Is 50:5; Jr 20:9; Ezk 2:7; 3:14; Jna 1:3; Ac 26:2, 26; Ga 1:16.
[20] Ps 22:27; Is 55:7; Jr 31:19; Lm 3:40; Ezk 18:30; Ho 12:6; 14:2; Mt 3:2, 8; 4:17; 9:13; 21:30; Mk 6:12; Lk 1:16; 3:8; 13:3, 5; 15:7, 10; 19:8; 24:46; Ac 2:38; 3:19; 9:19, 28, 35; 11:18, 26; 13:46; 14:15, 16; 15:19; 17:30; 20:21; 22:17, 21; 26:17; Ro 2:4; 11:18; 2Co 3:16; 7:10; Ep 4:17; 5:1; 6:1; 1Th 1:9; 2Ti 2:25; Tit 2:2; 1P 1:14; 2:9; 4:2; 2P 1:5; Rv 2:5, 21; 3:3; 16:11.
[21] Ac 21:30; 22:22; 23:12; 25:3.
[22] 1S 7:12; Ezr 8:31; Ps 18:47; 66:12; 118:10; 124:1, 8; Mt 17:4; Lk 16:29; 24:27, 44, 46; Jn 1:17, 45; 3:14; 5:39, 46; Ac 3:21; 14:19; 16:25; 18:9; 20:20; 21:31; 23:10, 16; 24:14; 26:6, 17; 28:23; Ro 3:21; 2Co 1:8; 2Ti 3:11; 4:17; Rv 11:18; 15:3; 20:12.
[23] Gn 3:15; Ps 16:8; 22:1; Is 53:1, 10; Dn 9:24; Zc 12:10; 13:7; Mt 27:53; Lk 2:32; 18:31; 24:26, 46; Jn 10:18; 11:25; Ac 2:23; 13:34; 26:8, 18; 1Co 15:3, 20; Col 1:18; Rv 1:5.

Festus chargeth him to be mad, whereunto he answereth modestly.

24 And as he thus spake for himself, Festus said with a loud voice, Paul, thou art beside thyself; much learning doth make thee mad. 25 But he said, I am not mad, most noble Festus; but speak forth the words of truth and soberness. 26 For the king knoweth of these things, before whom also I speak freely: for I am persuaded that none of these things are hidden from him; for this thing was not done in a corner. 27 King Agrippa, believest thou the prophets? I know that thou believest.

[24] 2K 9:11; Jr 29:26; Ho 9:7; Mk 3:21; Jn 8:48, 52; 10:20; Ac 17:32; 22:1; 24:25; 25:19; 26:11; 1Co 1:23; 2:13; 4:10; 2Co 5:13.
[25] Lk 1:3; Jn 8:49; Ac 23:26; 24:3; Tit 1:9; 2:7; 1P 2:21; 3:9, 15.
[26] Is 30:20; Mt 26:5; 27:29; Ac 2:1; 4:16; 5:18; 25:22; 26:2.
[27] Ac 26:22.

Agrippa is almost persuaded to be a Christian.

28 Then Agrippa said unto Paul, Almost thou persuadest me to be a Christian. 29 And Paul said, I would to God, that not only thou, but also all that hear me this day, were both almost, and altogether such as I am, except these bonds. 30 And when he had thus spoken, the king rose up, and the governor, and Bernice, and they that sat with them:

[28] Ezk 33:31; Mt 10:18; Mk 6:20; 10:17; Ac 24:25; 26:29; 2Co 4:2; Jm 1:23.
[29] Ex 16:3; Nu 11:29; 2S 18:33; 2K 5:3; Jr 13:17; Lk 19:41; Jn 5:34; Ac 12:6; 25:14; Ro 9:1; 10:1; 1Co 4:8; 7:7; 2Co 11:1; Ep 6:20; Col 1:28.
[30] Ac 18:15; 28:22.

The whole company pronounce him innocent.

31 And when they were gone aside, they talked between themselves, saying, This man doeth nothing worthy of death or of bonds. 32 Then said Agrippa unto Festus, This man might have been set at liberty, if he had not appealed unto Caesar.

[31] 2S 24:17; Lk 23:4, 14; Ac 23:9, 29; 25:25; 28:18; 1P 3:16; 4:14.
[32] Ac 25:11, 25; 28:18.


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