NASB — Romans 9 — KJV

Solicitude for Israel

1 aI am telling the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience testifies with me in the Holy Spirit, 2 that I have great sorrow and unceasing grief in my heart. 3 For aI could Iwish that I myself were baccursed, [separated] from Christ for the sake of my brethren, my kinsmen caccording to the flesh, 4 who are aIsraelites, to whom belongs bthe adoption as sons, and cthe glory and dthe covenants and ethe giving of the Law and fthe [temple] service and gthe promises, 5 whose are athe fathers, and bfrom whom is Ithe Christ according to the flesh, cwho is over all, dGod eblessed IIforever. Amen.

[1] a2Co 11:10; Ga 1:20; 1Ti 2:7
[3] ILit pray aEx 32:32 b1Co 12:3; 16:22; Ga 1:8f cRo 1:3; 11:14; Ep 6:5
[4] aDt 7:6; 14:1f; Ro 9:6 bEx 4:22; Ro 8:15 cEx 40:34; 1K 8:11; Ezk 1:28; He 9:5 dGn 17:2; Dt 29:14; Lk 1:72; Ac 3:25; Ep 2:12 eDt 4:13f; Ps 147:19 fHe 9:1, 6 gAc 2:39; 13:32; Ep 2:12
[5] II.e. the Messiah IILit unto the ages aAc 3:13; Ro 11:28 bMt 1:1-16; Ro 1:3 cCol 1:16-19 dJn 1:1 eRo 1:25

6 ¶ But [it is] not as though athe word of God has failed. bFor they are not all Israel who are [descended] from Israel; 7 nor are they all children abecause they are Abraham’s Idescendants, but: “IIbTHROUGH ISAAC YOUR IDESCENDANTS WILL BE NAMED.” 8 That is, it is not the children of the flesh who are achildren of God, but the bchildren of the promise are regarded as Idescendants. 9 For this is the word of promise: “aAT THIS TIME I WILL COME, AND SARAH SHALL HAVE A SON.” 10 aAnd not only this, but there was bRebekah also, when she had conceived [twins] by one man, our father Isaac; 11 for though [the twins] were not yet born and had not done anything good or bad, so that aGod’s purpose according to [His] choice would Istand, not IIbecause of works but IIbecause of Him who calls, 12 it was said to her, “aTHE OLDER WILL SERVE THE YOUNGER.” 13 Just as it is written, “aJACOB I LOVED, BUT ESAU I HATED.”

[6] aNu 23:19 bJn 1:47; Ro 2:28f; Ga 6:16
[7] ILit seed IILit in aJn 8:33, 39; Ga 4:23 bGn 21:12; He 11:18
[8] ILit seed aRo 8:14 bRo 4:13, 16; Ga 3:29; 4:28; He 11:11
[9] aGn 18:10
[10] aRo 5:3 bGn 25:21
[11] ILit remain IILit from aRo 4:17; 8:28
[12] aGn 25:23
[13] aMal 1:2f

14aWhat shall we say then? bThere is no injustice with God, is there? cMay it never be! 15 For He says to Moses, “aI WILL HAVE MERCY ON WHOM I HAVE MERCY, AND I WILL HAVE COMPASSION ON WHOM I HAVE COMPASSION.” 16 So then it [does] not [depend] on the man who wills or the man who aruns, but on bGod who has mercy. 17 For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, “aFOR THIS VERY PURPOSE I RAISED YOU UP, TO DEMONSTRATE MY POWER IN YOU, AND THAT MY NAME MIGHT BE PROCLAIMED ITHROUGHOUT THE WHOLE EARTH.” 18 So then He has mercy on whom He desires, and He ahardens whom He desires.

[14] aRo 3:5 b2Ch 19:7; Ro 2:11 cLk 20:16
[15] aEx 33:19
[16] aGa 2:2 bEp 2:8
[17] ILit in aEx 9:16
[18] aEx 4:21; 7:3; 9:12; 10:20, 27; 11:10; 14:4, 17; Dt 2:30; Jsh 11:20; Jn 12:40; Ro 11:7, 25

19aYou will say to me then, “bWhy does He still find fault? For cwho resists His will?” 20 On the contrary, who are you, aO man, who banswers back to God? cThe thing molded will not say to the molder, “Why did you make me like this,” will it? 21 Or does not the potter have a right over the clay, to make from the same lump one vessel Ifor honorable use and another IIfor common use? 22 IWhat if God, although willing to demonstrate His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much apatience vessels of wrath bprepared for destruction? 23 And [He did so] to make known athe riches of His glory upon bvessels of mercy, which He cprepared beforehand for glory, 24 [even] us, whom He also acalled, bnot from among Jews only, but also from among Gentiles. 25 As He says also in Hosea,
  “aI WILL CALL THOSE WHO WERE NOT MY PEOPLE, ‘MY PEOPLE,’
  AND HER WHO WAS NOT BELOVED, ‘BELOVED.’”
  26aAND IT SHALL BE THAT IN THE PLACE WHERE IT WAS SAID TO THEM, ‘YOU ARE NOT MY PEOPLE,’
  THERE THEY SHALL BE CALLED SONS OF bTHE LIVING GOD.”

[19] aRo 11:19; 1Co 15:35; Jm 2:18 bRo 3:7 c2Ch 20:6; Jb 9:12; Dn 4:35
[20] aRo 2:1 bJb 33:13 cIs 29:16; 45:9; 64:8; Jr 18:6; Ro 9:22f; 2Ti 2:20
[21] ILit for honor IILit for dishonor
[22] ILit But aRo 2:4 bPv 16:4; 1P 2:8
[23] aRo 2:4; Ep 3:16 bAc 9:15 cRo 8:29f
[24] aRo 8:28 bRo 3:29
[25] aHo 2:23; 1P 2:10
[26] aHo 1:10 bMt 16:16

27 ¶ Isaiah cries out concerning Israel, “aTHOUGH THE NUMBER OF THE SONS OF ISRAEL BE bLIKE THE SAND OF THE SEA, IT IS cTHE REMNANT THAT WILL BE SAVED; 28 aFOR THE LORD WILL EXECUTE HIS WORD ON THE EARTH, ITHOROUGHLY AND IIQUICKLY.” 29 And just as Isaiah foretold,
  “aUNLESS bTHE LORD OF ISABAOTH HAD LEFT TO US A IIPOSTERITY,
  cWE WOULD HAVE BECOME LIKE SODOM, AND WOULD HAVE IIIRESEMBLED GOMORRAH.”

[27] aIs 10:22 bGn 22:17; Ho 1:10 cRo 11:5
[28] ILit finishing it IILit cutting it short aIs 10:23
[29] II.e. Hosts IILit seed IIILit been made like aIs 1:9 bJm 5:4 cDt 29:23; Is 13:19; Jr 49:18; 50:40; Am 4:11

30aWhat shall we say then? That Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, attained righteousness, even bthe righteousness which is Iby faith; 31 but Israel, apursuing a law of righteousness, did not barrive at [that] law. 32 Why? Because [they did] not [pursue it] Iby faith, but as though [it were] Iby works. They stumbled over athe stumbling stone, 33 just as it is written,
  “aBEHOLD, I LAY IN ZION bA STONE OF STUMBLING AND A ROCK OF OFFENSE,
  cAND HE WHO BELIEVES IN HIM dWILL NOT BE IDISAPPOINTED.”

[30] ILit out of aRo 9:14 bRo 1:17; 3:21f; 10:6; Ga 2:16; 3:24; Php 3:9; He 11:7
[31] aIs 51:1; Ro 9:30; 10:2f, 20; 11:7 bGa 5:4
[32] ILit out of aIs 8:14; 1P 2:6, 8
[33] ILit put to shame aIs 28:16 bIs 8:14 cRo 10:11 dRo 5:5


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Paul is sorry for the Jews.

1 ¶ I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost, 2 That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart. 3 For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh: 4 Who are Israelites; to whom [pertaineth] the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service [of God], and the promises; 5 Whose [are] the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ [came], who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen. 6 Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they [are] not all Israel, which are of Israel:

[1] Ro 1:9; 2:15; 8:16; 2Co 1:12, 23; 11:31; 12:19; Ga 1:20; Php 1:8; 1Th 2:5; 1Ti 1:5; 2:7; 5:21; 1Jn 3:19.
[2] 1S 15:35; Ps 119:136; Is 66:10; Jr 9:1; 13:17; Lm 1:12; 3:48, 51; Ezk 9:4; Lk 19:41; Ro 10:1; Php 3:18; Rv 11:3.
[3] Gn 29:14; Ex 32:32; Dt 21:23; Jsh 6:17; 1S 14:24, 44; Es 8:6; Ac 7:23; 13:26; Ro 11:1; Ga 1:8; 3:10, 13.
[4] Gn 15:18; 17:2, 7, 10; 32:28; Ex 4:22; 12:25; 19:3; 24:7; 34:27; Nu 7:89; Dt 7:6; 14:1; 29:1; 31:16; 1S 4:21; 1K 8:11; Ne 9:13; 13:29; Ps 63:2; 73:1; 78:61; 89:3, 34; 90:16; 147:19; Is 5:2; 41:8; 46:3; 60:19; Jr 31:9, 20, 33; 33:20; Ezk 20:11; Ho 11:1; Mt 21:33; Lk 1:54, 69; Jn 1:17, 47; Ac 2:39; 3:25; 13:32; Ro 3:2; 9:6; Ep 2:12; He 6:13; 8:6; 9:3, 10.
[5] Gn 12:3; 49:10; Dt 10:15; 27:15; 1K 1:36; 1Ch 16:36; Ps 41:13; 45:6; 72:19; 89:52; 103:19; 106:48; Is 7:14; 9:6; 11:1; Jr 23:5; 28:6; Mi 5:2; Mt 1:1; 6:13; 28:20; Lk 3:23; Jn 1:1; 10:30; Ac 20:28; Ro 1:3, 25; 10:12; 11:28; 1Co 14:16; 2Co 11:31; Php 2:6; Col 1:16; 1Ti 3:16; 6:15; 2Ti 2:8; He 1:8; 1Jn 5:20; Rv 1:18; 5:14; 22:16, 20.
[6] Nu 23:19; Is 55:11; Mt 24:35; Jn 1:47; 10:35; Ro 2:28; 3:3; 4:12; 11:1; Ga 6:16; 2Ti 2:13; He 6:17.

All the seed of Abraham were not the children of the promise.

7 Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, [are they] all children: but, In Isaac shall thy seed be called. 8 That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these [are] not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed. 9 For this [is] the word of promise, At this time will I come, and Sara shall have a son. 10 And not only [this]; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, [even] by our father Isaac; 11 (For [the children] being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;) 12 It was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger. 13 As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated. 14 What shall we say then? [Is there] unrighteousness with God? God forbid. 15 For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion. 16 So then [it is] not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy. 17 For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth.

[7] Gn 21:12; Lk 3:8; 16:24, 30; Jn 8:37; Php 3:3; He 11:18.
[8] Gn 31:15; Ps 22:30; 87:6; Jn 1:13; Ro 4:11; Ga 3:26; 4:22, 28; 1Jn 3:1.
[9] Gn 17:21; 18:10, 14; 21:2; He 11:11, 17.
[10] Gn 25:21; Lk 16:26; Ro 5:3, 11.
[11] Ps 51:5; Is 14:24, 26; 23:9; 46:10; Jr 51:29; Ro 4:17; 8:28; 11:5, 6, 7; Ep 1:4, 9; 2:3, 9; 3:11; 1Th 1:4; 2:12; 2Th 2:13; 2Ti 1:9; Tit 3:5; 1P 5:10; 2P 1:10; Rv 17:14.
[12] Gn 25:22; 2S 8:14; 1K 22:47.
[13] Gn 29:31, 33; Dt 21:15; Pv 13:24; Mal 1:2; Mt 10:37; Lk 14:26; Jn 12:25.
[14] Gn 18:25; Dt 32:4; 2Ch 19:7; Jb 8:3; 34:10, 18; 35:2; Ps 92:15; 145:17; Jr 12:1; Ro 2:5; 3:1, 5; Rv 15:3; 16:7.
[15] Ex 33:19; 34:6; Is 27:11; Mi 7:18; Ro 9:16, 18.
[16] Gn 27:1, 9; Ps 110:3; Is 65:1; Mt 11:25; Lk 10:21; Jn 1:12; 3:8; Ro 9:11; 1Co 1:26; Ep 2:4; Php 2:13; 2Th 2:13; Tit 3:3; Jm 1:18; 1P 2:9.
[17] Ex 9:16; 10:1; 14:17; 15:14; 18:10; Jsh 2:9; 9:9; 1S 2:7; 4:8; Es 4:14; Ps 83:17; Pv 16:4; Is 10:5; 37:20; 45:1; Jr 27:6; Dn 4:22; 5:18; Jn 17:26; Ro 11:4; Ga 3:8, 22; 4:30.

God hath mercy upon whom he will.

18 Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will [have mercy], and whom he will he hardeneth. 19 Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he yet find fault? For who hath resisted his will? 20 Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed [it], Why hast thou made me thus?

[18] Ex 4:21; 7:13; Dt 2:30; Jsh 11:20; Is 63:17; Mt 13:14; Ac 28:26; Ro 1:24; 5:20; 9:15; 11:7; Ep 1:6; 2Th 2:10.
[19] Gn 50:20; 2Ch 20:6; Jb 9:12, 19; 23:13; Ps 76:10; Is 10:6; 46:10; Dn 4:35; Mk 14:21; Ac 2:23; 4:27; Ro 3:5, 8; 1Co 15:12, 35; Jm 1:13.
[20] Jb 16:3; 33:13; 36:23; 38:2; 40:2, 5, 8; 42:2; Is 29:16; 45:9; Mi 6:8; Mt 20:15; Ro 2:1; 1Co 1:20; 7:16; 1Ti 6:5; Tit 2:9; Jm 2:20.

The potter may do with his clay what he list.

21 Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour? 22 [What] if God, willing to shew [his] wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction: 23 And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory, 24 Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?

[21] Pv 16:4; Is 64:8; Jr 18:3; 22:28; Ho 8:8; Ac 9:15; Ro 9:11, 18, 22; 2Ti 2:20.
[22] Gn 15:16; Ex 9:16; Nu 14:11, 18; Ps 50:21; 90:11; Pv 16:4; Ec 8:11; Lm 3:22; Mt 23:31; Ro 1:18; 2:4; 9:17, 21; 1Th 2:16; 5:9; 2Ti 2:20; 1P 2:8; 3:20; 2P 2:3, 9; 3:8, 15; Jde 1:4; Rv 6:9, 16.
[23] 1Ch 29:18; Lk 1:17; Ro 2:4; 5:20; Ep 1:6, 18; 2:3, 4, 7, 10; 3:8, 16; Col 1:12, 27; 1Th 5:9; 2Th 1:10; 2:13; 2Ti 2:21; Tit 3:3; 1P 1:2.
[24] Gn 49:10; Ps 22:27; Ac 13:47; 15:14; 21:17; Ro 3:29; 4:11; 8:28; 10:12; 11:11; 15:8; 1Co 1:9; Ga 3:28; Ep 2:11; 3:6; Col 3:11; He 3:1; 1P 5:10; Rv 19:9.

The calling of the Gentiles and rejecting of the Jews were foretold.

25 As he saith also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved. 26 And it shall come to pass, [that] in the place where it was said unto them, Ye [are] not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God. 27 Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved: 28 For he will finish the work, and cut [it] short in righteousness: because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth. 29 And as Esaias said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha. 30 What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith. 31 But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness.

[25] Ezk 16:8; Ho 1:1; 2:23; Jn 16:27; Ro 1:7; 1P 2:10.
[26] Is 43:6; Ho 1:9; Jn 11:52; Ro 8:16; 2Co 6:18; Ga 3:26; 1Jn 3:1.
[27] Ezr 9:8, 14; Is 1:1, 9; 10:20; 11:11; 24:13; Jr 5:10; Ezk 6:8; Mi 5:3; Ro 11:4.
[28] Ps 9:8; 65:5; Is 5:16; 28:22; 30:12; Dn 9:26; Mt 24:21; Ac 17:31; Rv 19:11.
[29] Gn 19:24; Is 1:9; 6:13; 13:19; Jr 49:18; 50:40; Lm 3:22; 4:6; Am 4:11; Zp 2:6; Jm 5:4; 2P 2:6; Jde 1:7.
[30] Pv 15:9; 21:21; Is 51:1; 65:1; Ro 1:17, 18; 3:5, 22; 4:9, 11, 13, 22; 5:1; 9:14, 31; 10:10, 20; 1Co 6:9; Ga 3:8; 5:5; Ep 2:12; 4:17; Php 3:9; 1Ti 6:11; He 11:7; 1P 4:3.
[31] Ro 3:20; 4:14; 9:30; 10:2; 11:7; Ga 3:10, 21; 5:3; Php 3:6; Jm 2:10.

The cause why so few Jews embrace the righteousness of faith.

32 Wherefore? Because [they sought it] not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone; 33 As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.

[32] Mt 13:57; 19:16; Lk 2:34; 7:23; Jn 6:27; Ac 16:30; Ro 4:16; 10:3; 11:11; 1Co 1:23; 1Jn 5:9.
[33] Ps 25:2, 20; 118:22; Is 8:14; 28:16; 45:17; 54:4; Jol 2:26; Mt 21:42, 44; Ro 5:5; 10:11; Php 1:20; 2Ti 1:12; 1P 2:6, 7; 1Jn 2:28.


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