Moses’ Last Counsel
1 So Moses° went° and spoke° these° words° to all° Israel°. 2 And he said° to them, “I am aa hundred° and twenty° years° old° today°; bI am no° longer° able° to come° and go°, and the LORD° has said° to me, ‘cYou shall not cross° this° Jordan°.’ 3 aIt is the LORD° your God° who will cross° ahead° of you; He will destroy° these° nations° before° you, and you shall dispossess° them. bJoshua° is the one who will cross° ahead° of you, just° as the LORD° has spoken°. 4 The LORD° will do° to them just° as He did° to Sihon° and Og°, the kings° of the Amorites°, and to their land°, when° He destroyed° them. 5 aThe LORD° will deliver° them up before° you, and you shall do° to them according to all° the commandments° which° I have commanded° you. 6 aBe strong° and courageous°, bdo not be afraid° or tremble° at them, for cthe LORD° your God° is the one who goes° with you. dHe will not fail° you or forsake° you.”
 aDt 34:7 bNu 27:17; 1K 3:7 cDt 1:37; 3:27
 aDt 9:3 bNu 27:18
 aDt 7:2
 aJsh 10:25; 1Ch 22:13 bDt 1:29; 7:18; 20:1 cDt 20:4 dJsh 1:5; He 13:5
7 ¶ Then Moses° called° to Joshua° and said° to him in the sight° of all° Israel°, “aBe strong° and courageous°, for you shall go° with this° people° into the land° which° the LORD° has sworn° to their fathers° to give° them, and you shall give° it to them as an inheritance°. 8 aThe LORD° is the one who goes° ahead° of you; He will be with you. bHe will not fail° you or forsake° you. Do not fear° or be dismayed°.”
9 ¶ So Moses° wrote° this° law° and gave° it to the priests°, the sons° of Levi° awho carried° the ark° of the covenant° of the LORD°, and to all° the elders° of Israel°. 10 Then Moses° commanded° them, saying°, “At the end° of [every] seven° years°, at the time° of athe year° of remission° of debts, at the bFeast° of Booths°, 11 when all° Israel° comes° ato appear° before° the LORD° your God° at bthe place° which° He will choose°, cyou shall read° this° law° in front° of all° Israel° in their hearing°. 12 Assemble° the people°, the men° and the women° and children° and Ithe alien° who° is in your IItown°, so° that they may hear° and alearn° and fear° the LORD° your God°, and be careful° to observe° all° the words° of this° law°. 13 Their children°, who° have not known°, will hear° and learn° to fear° the LORD° your God°, as long°° as you live° on the land° Iwhich° you are about to cross° the Jordan° to IIpossess°.”
 aNu 4:5, 6, 15; Dt 10:8; 31:25, 26; Jsh 3:3
 aDt 15:1, 2 bLv 23:34; Dt 16:13
 aDt 16:16 bDt 12:5 cJsh 8:34; 2K 23:2
 ILit your alien IILit gates aDt 4:10
 ILit where IILit possess it
Israel Will Fall Away
14 ¶ Then the LORD° said° to Moses°, “Behold°, Iathe time° for you to die° is near°; call° Joshua°, and present° yourselves at the tent° of meeting°, that I may commission° him.” bSo Moses° and Joshua° went° and presented° themselves at the tent° of meeting°. 15 aThe LORD° appeared° in the tent° in a pillar° of cloud°, and the pillar° of cloud° stood° at the doorway° of the tent°. 16 The LORD° said° to Moses°, “Behold°, ayou are about to lie° down° with your fathers°; and bthis° people° will arise° and play° the harlot° with the strange° gods° of the land°, into the midst° of which° they are going°, and cwill forsake° Me and break° My covenant° which° I have made° with them. 17 aThen My anger° will be kindled° against them in that day°, and bI will forsake° them and chide° My face° from them, and they will be consumed°, and many° evils° and troubles° will come° upon them; so that they will say° in that day°, ‘dIs it not because°° our God° is not among° us that these° evils° have come° upon us?’ 18 But I will surely° hide° My face° in that day° because° of all° the evil° which° they will do°, for they will turn° to other° gods°.
 ILit your days to die are aNu 27:12, 13; Dt 4:22; 32:50 bEx 33:9-11
 aEx 33:9
 aGn 15:15 bEx 34:15; Dt 4:25-28; Jg 2:11, 12, 17 cJg 10:6; 1K 18:18; 19:10; Jr 2:13
 aJg 2:14; 6:13 b2Ch 15:2; 24:20 cPs 104:29; Is 8:17 dNu 14:42
19 ¶ “Now° therefore, awrite° this° song° for yourselves, and teach° it to the sons° of Israel°; put° it Ion their lips°, so° that this° song° may be a witness° for Me against the sons° of Israel°. 20 aFor when I bring° them into the land° flowing° with milk° and honey°, which° I swore° to their fathers°, and they have eaten° and are satisfied° and bbecome° Iprosperous°, then they will turn° to other° gods° and serve° them, and spurn° Me and break° My covenant°. 21 Then it shall come° about, awhen° many° evils° and troubles° have come° upon them, that this° song° will testify° before° them as a witness° (for it shall not be forgotten° from the Ilips° of their descendants°); for bI know° their intent° which° they are IIdeveloping° today°, before° I have brought° them into the land° which° I swore°.” 22 aSo Moses° wrote° this° song° the same° day°, and taught° it to the sons° of Israel°.
 ILit in their mouths aDt 31:22
 ILit fat aDt 6:10-12; 8:10, 19; 11:16, 17 bDt 32:15-17
 ILit mouth of its seed IILit making aLv 26:41; Dt 4:30 b1Ch 28:9; Jn 2:24, 25
 aDt 31:19
Joshua Is Commissioned
23 ¶ aThen He commissioned° Joshua° the son° of Nun°, and said°, “bBe strong° and courageous°, for you shall bring° the sons° of Israel° into the land° which° I swore° to them, and cI will be with you.”
24 ¶ It came° about, when Moses° finished° writing° the words° of this° law° in a book° until° they were complete°, 25 that Moses° commanded° the Levites° awho carried° the ark° of the covenant° of the LORD°, saying°, 26 “Take° this° book° of the law° and place° it beside°° the ark° of the covenant° of the LORD° your God°, that it may Iremain° there° as a witness° against you. 27 For I know° ayour rebellion° and byour Istubbornness°°; behold°, while I am still° alive° with you today°, you have been° rebellious° against° the LORD°; how° much°° more°°, then, after° my death°? 28 Assemble° to me all° the elders° of your tribes° and your officers°, that I may speak° these° words° in their hearing° and acall° the heavens° and the earth° to witness° against them. 29 For I know° that after° my death° you will aact° corruptly° and turn° from the way° which° I have commanded° you; and evil° will befall° you in the latter° days°, for you will do° that which° is evil° in the sight° of the LORD°, provoking° Him to anger° with the work° of your hands°.”
 aDt 31:9
 ILit be
 ILit stiff neck aDt 9:7, 24 bEx 32:9; Dt 9:6, 13
 aDt 4:26; 30:19; 32:1
 aJg 2:19
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Moses encourageth the people.
1 ¶ And Mosesº went¹ª² and spakeºª² these² wordsº unto² all² Israel.º 2 And he saidºª unto² them, I² [am] an hundredº and twentyº yearsº oldº this day;º I canºª no² more² go outºª and come in:ºª also the LORDº hath saidºª unto² me, Thou shalt not² go overºª² this² Jordan.º 3 The LORDº thy God,º he² will go overºª beforeº thee, [and] he² will destroyºª² these² nationsº from beforeº² thee, and thou shalt possessºª them: [and] Joshua,º he² shall go overºª beforeº thee, as² the LORDº hath said.ºª 4 And the LORDº shall doºª unto them as² he didºª to Sihonº and to Og,º kingsº of the Amorites,º and unto the landº of them, whom²² he destroyed.ºª 5 And the LORDº shall give them upºª before your face,º that ye may doºª unto them according unto all² the commandmentsº which² I have commandedºª you. 6 Be strongºª and of a good courage,ºª fearºª not,² nor² be afraidºª of²² them:¹ for² the LORDº thy God,º he² [it is] that doth goºª with² thee; he will not² failºª thee, nor² forsakeºª thee.
 Ex 7:7; Nu 20:12; 27:13, 17; Dt 3:26; 4:21; 32:48; 34:7; Jsh 14:10; 2S 21:17; 1K 3:7; Ps 90:10; Ac 7:20, 23, 29; 20:25; 2P 1:13.
 Gn 48:21; Nu 27:18; Dt 3:28; 9:3; 31:7, 14, 23; 34:9; Jsh 1:2; 3:7; 4:14; Ps 44:2; 146:3; Ac 7:45; He 4:8.
 Ex 23:28; Nu 21:24; Dt 2:33; 3:3, 21; 7:2, 16.
 Ex 23:32; 34:12; Nu 33:52; Dt 7:2, 18, 23; 20:16.
 Nu 14:9; Dt 1:29; 4:31; 7:18; 20:1, 3, 4; 31:7, 23; Jsh 1:5, 6, 9; 10:25; 1Ch 22:13; 28:10, 20; 2Ch 32:7; Ps 27:1, 14; Is 41:10, 13; 43:1; 51:12; Hg 2:4; Zc 8:13; Lk 12:32; 1Co 16:13; Ep 6:10; 2Ti 2:1; He 13:5; Rv 21:8.
He encourageth Joshua.
7 ¶ And Mosesº calledºª unto Joshua,º and saidºª unto² him in the sightº of all² Israel,º Be strongºª and of a good courage:ºª for² thou² must goºª with² this² peopleº unto² the landº which² the LORDº hath swornºª unto their fathersº to giveºª them; and thou² shalt cause them to inheritºª it. 8 And the LORD,º he² [it is] that doth goºª beforeº thee; he² will be² with thee,² he will not² failºª thee, neither² forsakeºª thee: fearºª not,² neither² be dismayed.ºª
 Dt 1:38; 3:28; 31:3, 6, 23; Jsh 1:6; Dn 10:19; Jn 1:17; Ep 6:10.
 Ex 13:21; 33:14; Dt 9:3; 31:3, 6; Jsh 1:5, 9; 1Ch 28:20; Is 8:9; 43:1; Ro 8:31.
He delivereth the Law unto the priests to read it in the seventh year to the people.
9 ¶ And Mosesº wroteºª² this² law,º and deliveredºª it unto² the priestsº the sonsº of Levi,º which bareºª² the arkº of the covenantº of the LORD,º and unto² all² the eldersº of Israel.º 10 And Mosesº commandedºª them, saying,ºª At the endº² of [every] sevenº years,º in the solemnityº of the yearº of release,º in the feastº of tabernacles,º 11 When all² Israelº is comeºª to appearºª² beforeº the LORDº thy Godº in the placeº which² he shall choose,ºª thou shalt readºª² this² lawº before² all² Israelº in their hearing.º 12 Gather¹ª the people¹ together,ºª²² men,¹² and women,º and children,º and thy strangerº that² [is] within thy gates,º that² they may hear,ºª and that² they may learn,ºª and fearºª² the LORDº your God,º and observeºª to doºª² all² the wordsº of this² law:º 13 And [that] their children,º which² have not² knownºª [any thing], may hear,ºª and learnºª to fearºª² the LORDº your God,º as long asº²² ye² liveº in² the landº whither²² ye² go overºª² Jordanº to possessºª it.
 Nu 4:15; 33:2; Dt 17:18; 31:22, 24, 28; Jsh 3:3, 14; 6:12; 1K 8:3; 1Ch 15:2, 12; Dn 9:13; Ho 4:6; Mal 2:7; 4:4; Mk 10:4; 12:19; Lk 20:28; Jn 1:17, 45; 5:46.
 Lv 23:34; Dt 15:1.
 Ex 23:16; 34:24; Dt 12:5; 16:16; Jsh 8:34; 2K 23:2; Ne 8:1, 13, 18; 9:3; Ps 84:7; Lk 4:16; Ac 13:15; 15:21.
 Dt 4:10; 6:6; 29:29; Ezr 10:1; Ps 19:7; 34:11; Jn 5:39; 2Ti 3:15.
 Dt 6:7; 11:2; Ps 78:4; Pv 22:6; Ep 6:4.
God giveth a charge to Joshua,
14 ¶ And the LORDº saidºª unto² Moses,º Behold,² thy daysº approachºª that thou must die:ºª callºª² Joshua,º and present¹ª yourselves² in the tabernacleº of the congregation,º that I may give him a charge.ºª And Mosesº and Joshuaº went,¹ª² and presented¹ª themselves² in the tabernacleº of the congregation.º 15 And the LORDº appearedºª in the tabernacleº in a pillarº of a cloud:º and the pillarº of the cloudº stoodºª over² the doorº of the tabernacle.º
 Ex 34:2; Nu 27:13, 19; Dt 31:2, 23; 34:5; Jsh 23:14; 24:1; 1S 10:19; 2K 1:4; Jb 1:6; 2:1; Ec 9:5; Is 38:1; Ac 20:28; Ro 12:1; 2Ti 4:1; Jde 1:24.
 Ex 33:9; 40:38; Ps 99:7.
16 ¶ And the LORDº saidºª unto² Moses,º Behold,² thou shalt sleepºª with² thy fathers;º and this² peopleº will rise up,ºª and go a whoringºª afterº the godsº of the strangersº of the land,º whither²² they² goºª [to be] amongº them, and will forsakeºª me, and breakºª² my covenantº which² I have madeºª with² them. 17 Then my angerº shall be kindledºª against them in that² day,º and I will forsakeºª them, and I will hideºª my faceº from² them, and they shall be² devoured,ºª and manyº evilsº and troublesº shall befallºª them; so that they will sayºª in that² day,º Are not² these² evilsº come¹ª upon² us, because²² our Godº [is] not² amongº us? 18 And I² will surely¹ª hideºª my faceº in that² dayº for² all² the evilsº which² they shall have wrought,ºª in thatº they are turnedºª unto² otherº gods.º
 Gn 25:8; Ex 32:6; 34:15; Lv 20:3; 26:15; Dt 32:15; Jg 2:12, 17, 20; 10:6, 13; 2S 7:12; Jb 20:11; Ps 73:27; 106:39; Is 57:2, 3; Jr 2:11; 3:1; 31:32; Ezk 16:15, 25; 23:5, 9; Ho 2:2; Ac 13:36; Rv 17:2; 19:2.
 Nu 14:42; Dt 29:20, 24; 32:20, 21; Jg 2:14; 6:13; 1Ch 28:9; 2Ch 15:2; Ne 9:32; Jb 13:24; 34:11; Ps 2:12; 27:9; 30:7; 89:46; 90:11; 104:29; Is 8:17; 63:17; 64:7; Jr 23:33, 39; Ezk 39:23, 29; Ho 9:12.
 Dt 31:16.
and a song to testify against the people.
19 Now² therefore writeºª² ye this² songº for you, and teachºª it² the childrenº of Israel:º putºª it in their mouths,º that² this² songº may be² a witnessº for me against the childrenº of Israel.º 20 For² when I shall have broughtºª them into² the landº which² I swareºª unto their fathers,º that flowethºª with milkº and honey;º and they shall have eatenºª and filled¹ª themselves,² and waxen fat;ºª then will they turnºª unto² otherº gods,º and serveºª them, and provokeºª me, and breakºª² my covenant.º 21 And it shall come to pass,² when² manyº evilsº and troublesº are befallenºª them, that this² songº shall testifyºª againstº them as a witness;º for² it shall not² be forgottenºª out of the mouthsº² of their seed:º for² I knowºª² their imaginationº which² they² go about,ºª even now,º before² I have broughtºª them into² the landº which² I sware.ºª
 Ex 4:15; Dt 4:9; 6:7; 11:19; 31:21, 22, 26, 30; 32:1, 44; 2S 14:3; Is 51:16; 59:21; Jr 1:9; Ezk 2:5; Mt 10:18; Jn 12:48.
 Ex 3:8, 17; Dt 6:10; 7:1; 8:7, 10; 31:16; 32:15; Ne 9:25, 35; Ps 17:10; 73:7; 119:70; Jr 5:28; 50:11; Ezk 34:16, 20; Ho 13:6.
 Gn 6:5; 8:21; Dt 31:19; Ps 139:2; Is 46:10; Ezk 38:10; Ho 5:3; 13:5; Am 5:25; Jn 2:24; Ac 2:23; 4:28.
22 ¶ Mosesº therefore wroteºª² this² songº the same² day,º and taughtºª it² the childrenº of Israel.º 23 And he gave²² Joshuaº the sonº of Nunº a charge,¹ª and said,ºª Be strongºª and of a good courage:ºª for² thou² shalt bringºª² the childrenº of Israelº into² the landº which² I swareºª unto them: and I² will be² with² thee.
Moses delivereth the book of the Law to the Levites to keep.
24 ¶ And it came to pass,² when Mosesº had made an endºª of writingºª² the wordsº of this² lawº in² a book,º until² they were finished,ºª 25 That Mosesº commandedºª² the Levites,º which bareºª the arkº of the covenantº of the LORD,º saying,ºª 26 Takeºª² this² bookº of the law,º and putºª it in the sideº² of the arkº of the covenantº of the LORDº your God,º that it may be² there² for a witnessº against thee. 27 For² I² knowºª² thy rebellion,º and thy stiffº neck:º behold,² while I am yet² aliveº with² you this day,º ye have been² rebelliousºª against² the LORD;º and how² much more² afterº my death?º
 Dt 17:18; 31:9.
 Dt 31:9.
 Dt 31:19; 1K 8:9; 2K 22:8, 13; 2Ch 34:14; Ro 3:19; Ga 2:19.
 Ex 32:8; Dt 9:6, 24; 32:20; 2Ch 30:8; Ps 78:8; Is 48:4; Ac 7:51.
He maketh a protestation to the elders.
28 ¶ Gatherºª unto² me² all² the eldersº of your tribes,º and your officers,ºª that I may speakºª² these² wordsº in their ears,º and callºª² heavenº and earthº to record¹ª against them. 29 For² I knowºª that afterº my deathº ye will utterly¹ª corruptºª [yourselves], and turn asideºª from² the wayº which² I have commandedºª you; and evilº will befallºª you in the latterº days;º because² ye will doºª² evilº in the sightº of the LORD,º to provoke him to angerºª through the workº of your hands.º 30 And Mosesº spakeºª in the earsº of all² the congregationº of Israelº² the wordsº of this² song,º until² they were ended.ºª
 Gn 49:1; Ex 18:25; Nu 11:16; Dt 4:26; 29:10; 30:19; 31:12; 32:1; Is 1:2; Lk 19:40.
 Gn 49:1; Lv 26:14; Dt 4:30; 28:15; 29:18; 32:5; Jg 2:19; 2Ch 34:24; Jb 19:25; Is 1:4; Ezk 38:8; Ho 9:9; Lk 19:42; 21:24; Ac 20:30; 1Ti 4:1; 2Ti 3:1; He 1:2; 2P 1:14; 2:1; 3:3.
 Dt 4:5; Jn 12:49; Ac 20:27; He 3:2, 5.
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