NASB — 2 Kings 23 — KJV

Josiah’s Covenant

1 aThen the king sent, and they gathered to him all the elders of Judah and of Jerusalem. 2 The king went up to the house of the LORD and all the men of Judah and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem with him, and the priests and the prophets and all the people, both small and great; and ahe read in their hearing all the words of the book of the covenant bwhich was found in the house of the LORD. 3 aThe king stood by the pillar and made a covenant before the LORD, bto walk after the LORD, and to keep His commandments and His testimonies and His statutes with all [his] heart and all [his] soul, to carry out the words of this covenant that were written in this book. And all the people Ientered into the covenant.

[1] a2Ch 34:29-32
[2] aDt 31:10-13 b2K 22:8
[3] ILit took a stand in a2K 11:14, 17 bDt 13:4

Reforms under Josiah

4 ¶ Then the king commanded Hilkiah the high priest and athe priests of the second order and the Idoorkeepers, bto bring out of the temple of the LORD all the vessels that were made for Baal, for IIAsherah, and for all the host of heaven; and che burned them outside Jerusalem in the fields of the Kidron, and carried their ashes to Bethel. 5 He did away with the idolatrous priests whom the kings of Judah had appointed to burn incense in the high places in the cities of Judah and in the surrounding area of Jerusalem, also those who burned incense to Baal, to the sun and to the moon and to the constellations and to all the ahost of heaven. 6 He brought out the Asherah from the house of the LORD outside Jerusalem to the brook Kidron, and burned it at the brook Kidron, and aground [it] to dust, and bthrew its dust on the graves of the Icommon people. 7 He also broke down the houses of the a[male] cult prostitutes which [were] in the house of the LORD, where bthe women were weaving Ihangings for the Asherah. 8 Then he brought all the priests from the cities of Judah, and defiled the high places where the priests had burned incense, from aGeba to Beersheba; and he broke down the high places of the gates which [were] at the entrance of the gate of Joshua the governor of the city, which [were] on one’s left at the city gate. 9 Nevertheless athe priests of the high places did not go up to the altar of the LORD in Jerusalem, but they ate unleavened bread among their brothers. 10 aHe also defiled ITopheth, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom, bthat no man might make his son or his daughter pass through the fire for cMolech. 11 He did away with the horses which the kings of Judah had given to the asun, at the entrance of the house of the LORD, by the chamber of Nathan-melech the official, which [was] in the precincts; and he burned the chariots of the sun with fire. 12 aThe altars which [were] on the roof, the upper chamber of Ahaz, which the kings of Judah had made, and bthe altars which Manasseh had made in the two courts of the house of the LORD, the king broke down; and he Ismashed them there and cthrew their dust into the brook Kidron. 13 The high places which [were] before Jerusalem, which [were] on the right of athe mount of destruction which Solomon the king of Israel had built for bAshtoreth the abomination of the Sidonians, and for cChemosh the abomination of Moab, and for Milcom the abomination of the sons of Ammon, the king defiled. 14 aHe broke in pieces the [sacred] pillars and cut down the Asherim and bfilled their places with human bones.

[4] ILit keepers of the threshold III.e. a wooden symbol of a female deity, and so throughout the ch a2K 25:18; Jr 52:24 b2K 21:3, 7; 2Ch 33:3 c2K 23:15
[5] a2K 21:3
[6] ILit sons of the people a2K 23:15 b2Ch 34:4
[7] IOr tents; lit houses a1K 14:24; 15:12 bEx 35:25, 26; Ezk 16:16
[8] aJsh 21:17; 1K 15:22
[9] aEzk 44:10-14
[10] II.e. place of burning aIs 30:33; Jr 7:31, 32; 19:4-6 bLv 18:21 c1K 11:7
[11] aDt 4:19; Jb 31:26; Ezk 8:16
[12] IOr ran from there aJr 19:13; Zp 1:5 b2K 21:5; 2Ch 33:5 c2K 23:4, 6
[13] a1K 11:7 b1K 11:5 cNu 21:29
[14] aDt 7:5, 25 b2K 23:16

15 ¶ Furthermore, athe altar that [was] at Bethel [and] the bhigh place which Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel sin, had made, even that altar and the high place he broke down. Then he Icdemolished its stones, ground them to dust, and burned the Asherah. 16 Now when Josiah turned, he saw the graves that [were] there on the mountain, and he sent and took the bones from the graves and burned [them] on the altar and defiled it aaccording to the word of the LORD which the man of God proclaimed, who proclaimed these things. 17 Then he said, “What is this monument that I see?” And the men of the city told him, “aIt is the grave of the man of God who came from Judah and proclaimed these things which you have done against the altar of Bethel.” 18 He said, “Let him alone; let no one disturb his bones.” So they Ileft his bones undisturbed awith the bones of the prophet who came from Samaria. 19 Josiah also removed all the houses of the high places which [were] ain the cities of Samaria, which the kings of Israel had made provoking Ithe LORD; and he did to them IIjust as he had done in Bethel. 20 All the priests of the high places who [were] there ahe slaughtered on the altars and burned human bones on them; then he returned to Jerusalem.

[15] ISo the Gr; Heb burned the high place a1K 13:1 b1K 12:28-33 c2K 23:6
[16] a1K 13:2
[17] a1K 13:1, 30, 31
[18] ILit let his bones escape with a1K 13:11, 31
[19] ISo with ancient versions IILit according to all the acts a2Ch 34:6, 7
[20] a2K 10:25; 11:18

Passover Reinstituted

21 ¶ Then the king commanded all the people saying, “aCelebrate the Passover to the LORD your God bas it is written in this book of the covenant.” 22 aSurely such a Passover had not been celebrated from the days of the judges who judged Israel, nor in all the days of the kings of Israel and of the kings of Judah. 23 But in the eighteenth year of King Josiah, this Passover was observed to the LORD in Jerusalem.

[21] a2Ch 35:1-17 bNu 9:2-4; Dt 16:2-8
[22] a2Ch 35:18, 19

24 ¶ Moreover, Josiah Iremoved athe mediums and the spiritists and the bteraphim and cthe idols and all the abominations that were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, dthat he might IIconfirm the words of the law which were written ein the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of the LORD. 25 Before him there was no king alike him who turned to the LORD with all his heart and with all his soul and with all his might, according to all the law of Moses; nor did any like him arise after him.

[24] ILit consumed IIOr perform aLv 19:31; 2K 21:6 bGn 31:19 mg c2K 21:11, 21 dDt 18:10-22 e2K 22:8
[25] a2K 18:5

26 ¶ However, the LORD did not turn from the fierceness of His great wrath with which His anger burned against Judah, abecause of all the provocations with which Manasseh had provoked Him. 27 The LORD said, “I will remove Judah also from My sight, aas I have removed Israel. And bI will cast off Jerusalem, this city which I have chosen, and the Itemple of which I said, ‘My name shall be there.’”

[26] a2K 21:11-13; Jr 15:4
[27] ILit house a2K 18:11 b2K 21:13, 14

Jehoahaz Succeeds Josiah

28 ¶ Now the rest of the acts of Josiah and all that he did, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah? 29 aIn his days bPharaoh Neco king of Egypt went up to the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates. And King Josiah went to meet him, and when [Pharaoh Neco] saw him he killed him at cMegiddo. 30 aHis servants drove Ihis body in a chariot from Megiddo, and brought him to Jerusalem and buried him in his own tomb. bThen the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah and anointed him and made him king in place of his father.

[29] a2Ch 35:20-24 bJr 46:2 cJg 5:19
[30] ILit him, dead a2K 9:28 b2Ch 36:1-4

31aJehoahaz was twenty-three years old when he became king, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem; and his mother’s name was bHamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah. 32 He did evil in the sight of the LORD, aaccording to all that his fathers had done. 33 aPharaoh Neco imprisoned him at bRiblah in the land of cHamath, that he might not reign in Jerusalem; and he imposed on the land a fine of one hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold.

[31] a1Ch 3:15; Jr 22:11 b2K 24:18
[32] a2K 21:2-7
[33] a2K 23:29 b2K 25:6 c1K 8:65

Jehoiakim Made King by Pharaoh

34 Pharaoh Neco made aEliakim the son of Josiah king in the place of Josiah his father, and bchanged his name to Jehoiakim. But he took Jehoahaz away and Icbrought [him] to Egypt, and he died there. 35 So Jehoiakim agave the silver and gold to Pharaoh, but he taxed the land in order to give the money at the Icommand of Pharaoh. He exacted the silver and gold from the people of the land, each according to his valuation, to give it to Pharaoh Neco.

[34] ISo with Gr; Heb he came a1Ch 3:15 b2K 24:17; 2Ch 36:4 cJr 22:11, 12; Ezk 19:3, 4
[35] ILit mouth a2K 23:33

36aJehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem; and his mother’s name [was] Zebidah the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah. 37 He did evil in the sight of the LORD, aaccording to all that his fathers had done.

[36] a2Ch 36:5; Jr 22:18, 19; 26:1
[37] a2K 23:32


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NAS Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible
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Josiah causeth the book to be read in a solemn assembly.

1 ¶ And the king sent, and they gathered unto him all the elders of Judah and of Jerusalem. 2 And the king went up into the house of the LORD, and all the men of Judah and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem with him, and the priests, and the prophets, and all the people, both small and great: and he read in their ears all the words of the book of the covenant which was found in the house of the LORD.

[1] Dt 31:28; 2S 6:1; 2Ch 29:20; 30:2; 34:29, 30.
[2] Gn 19:11; Dt 31:10, 26; 1S 5:9; 30:2; 1K 8:9; 2K 22:8; 2Ch 15:13; 17:9; Ne 8:1; 9:3; 13:1; Es 1:5; Jb 3:19; Ps 115:13; Ac 26:22; Rv 20:12.

He reneweth the Covenant of the LORD.

3 ¶ And the king stood by a pillar, and made a covenant before the LORD, to walk after the LORD, and to keep his commandments and his testimonies and his statutes with all [their] heart and all [their] soul, to perform the words of this covenant that were written in this book. And all the people stood to the covenant.

[3] Ex 24:3, 7; Dt 4:45; 5:1; 6:1, 5; 8:19; 10:12; 11:13; 29:1, 10; Jsh 24:24, 25; 2K 11:14, 17; 2Ch 15:12; 23:13, 16; 29:10; 34:31, 32; Ezr 10:3; Ne 9:38; 10:28; Ps 19:7; Ec 8:2; Jr 4:2; 50:5; Mt 22:36; He 8:8; 12:24; 13:20.

He destroyeth idolatry.

4 And the king commanded Hilkiah the high priest, and the priests of the second order, and the keepers of the door, to bring forth out of the temple of the LORD all the vessels that were made for Baal, and for the grove, and for all the host of heaven: and he burned them without Jerusalem in the fields of Kidron, and carried the ashes of them unto Bethel. 5 And he put down the idolatrous priests, whom the kings of Judah had ordained to burn incense in the high places in the cities of Judah, and in the places round about Jerusalem; them also that burned incense unto Baal, to the sun, and to the moon, and to the planets, and to all the host of heaven. 6 And he brought out the grove from the house of the LORD, without Jerusalem, unto the brook Kidron, and burned it at the brook Kidron, and stamped [it] small to powder, and cast the powder thereof upon the graves of the children of the people. 7 And he brake down the houses of the sodomites, that [were] by the house of the LORD, where the women wove hangings for the grove. 8 And he brought all the priests out of the cities of Judah, and defiled the high places where the priests had burned incense, from Geba to Beersheba, and brake down the high places of the gates that [were] in the entering in of the gate of Joshua the governor of the city, which [were] on a man's left hand at the gate of the city. 9 Nevertheless the priests of the high places came not up to the altar of the LORD in Jerusalem, but they did eat of the unleavened bread among their brethren. 10 And he defiled Topheth, which [is] in the valley of the children of Hinnom, that no man might make his son or his daughter to pass through the fire to Molech. 11 And he took away the horses that the kings of Judah had given to the sun, at the entering in of the house of the LORD, by the chamber of Nathanmelech the chamberlain, which [was] in the suburbs, and burned the chariots of the sun with fire. 12 And the altars that [were] on the top of the upper chamber of Ahaz, which the kings of Judah had made, and the altars which Manasseh had made in the two courts of the house of the LORD, did the king beat down, and brake [them] down from thence, and cast the dust of them into the brook Kidron. 13 And the high places that [were] before Jerusalem, which [were] on the right hand of the mount of corruption, which Solomon the king of Israel had builded for Ashtoreth the abomination of the Zidonians, and for Chemosh the abomination of the Moabites, and for Milcom the abomination of the children of Ammon, did the king defile. 14 And he brake in pieces the images, and cut down the groves, and filled their places with the bones of men.

[4] Jg 2:13; 2S 15:23; 1K 12:29; 16:31; 18:19, 26, 40; 19:18; 2K 17:16; 21:3, 7; 22:4; 1Ch 24:4; 26:1; 2Ch 33:3, 7; 34:3; Is 27:9; Jr 7:9; Ho 4:15; Am 4:4; Mt 26:3; 27:1; Jn 18:1.
[5] 2K 21:3; Jr 8:1; 44:17; Ho 10:5; Zp 1:4.
[6] Ex 32:20; Dt 7:25; 9:21; Jg 3:7; 1K 14:23; 16:33; 2K 10:27; 21:7; 2Ch 34:4; Jr 17:2.
[7] Gn 19:4; Ex 35:25; 1K 14:24; 15:12; 22:46; 2Ch 34:33; Ezk 8:14; 16:16; Ho 2:13; Ro 1:26.
[8] Gn 21:31; 26:23; Jsh 21:17; Jg 20:1; 1K 15:22; 19:3; 1Ch 6:60; Is 10:29; Zc 14:10.
[9] 1S 2:36; Ezk 44:10, 29; Mal 2:8.
[10] Lv 18:21; Dt 18:10; Jsh 15:8; 2K 16:3; 17:17; 21:6; 2Ch 28:3; 33:6; Is 30:33; Jr 7:31; 19:2, 6, 11; 32:35; Ezk 16:21; 20:26, 31; 23:37; Mt 5:22.
[11] 2K 23:5; 2Ch 14:5; 34:4; Ezk 8:16.
[12] Dt 22:8; 2K 21:5, 21; 23:6; 2Ch 33:5, 15; Jr 19:13; Zp 1:5.
[13] Nu 21:29; Jg 2:13; 10:6; 11:24; 1S 7:4; 12:10; 1K 11:5, 7, 33; Ne 13:26; Jr 48:7, 13, 16; Zp 1:5.
[14] Ex 23:24; Nu 19:16, 18; 33:52; Dt 7:5, 25; 2K 23:16; 2Ch 34:3; Jr 8:1; Ezk 39:12; Mi 1:7; Mt 23:27.

He burneth dead men's bones upon the altar of Beth-el, as was foreprophesied.

15 ¶ Moreover the altar that [was] at Bethel, [and] the high place which Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin, had made, both that altar and the high place he brake down, and burned the high place, [and] stamped [it] small to powder, and burned the grove. 16 And as Josiah turned himself, he spied the sepulchres that [were] there in the mount, and sent, and took the bones out of the sepulchres, and burned [them] upon the altar, and polluted it, according to the word of the LORD which the man of God proclaimed, who proclaimed these words. 17 Then he said, What title [is] that that I see? And the men of the city told him, [It is] the sepulchre of the man of God, which came from Judah, and proclaimed these things that thou hast done against the altar of Bethel. 18 And he said, Let him alone; let no man move his bones. So they let his bones alone, with the bones of the prophet that came out of Samaria. 19 And all the houses also of the high places that [were] in the cities of Samaria, which the kings of Israel had made to provoke [the LORD] to anger, Josiah took away, and did to them according to all the acts that he had done in Bethel. 20 And he slew all the priests of the high places that [were] there upon the altars, and burned men's bones upon them, and returned to Jerusalem.

[15] 1K 12:28; 14:16; 15:30; 21:22; 2K 10:31; 23:6.
[16] 1K 13:1, 32; Mt 24:35; Jn 10:35.
[17] 1K 13:1, 30.
[18] 1K 13:1, 31.
[19] 1K 12:31; 13:32; 16:33; 2K 8:18; 17:9, 16; 21:6; 2Ch 30:6; 31:1; 34:6; Ps 78:58; Jr 7:18; Ezk 8:17; Mi 6:16.
[20] Ex 22:20; Dt 13:5; 1K 13:2; 18:40; 2K 10:25; 11:18; 2Ch 34:5; Is 34:6; Zc 13:2.

He keepeth a most solemn Passover.

21 ¶ And the king commanded all the people, saying, Keep the passover unto the LORD your God, as [it is] written in the book of this covenant. 22 Surely there was not holden such a passover from the days of the judges that judged Israel, nor in all the days of the kings of Israel, nor of the kings of Judah; 23 But in the eighteenth year of king Josiah, [wherein] this passover was holden to the LORD in Jerusalem.

[21] Ex 12:3; Lv 23:5; Nu 9:2; 28:16; Dt 16:1; 2Ch 35:1.
[22] 2Ch 30:1, 13; 35:3, 18.

He putteth away witches and all abomination.

24 ¶ Moreover the [workers with] familiar spirits, and the wizards, and the images, and the idols, and all the abominations that were spied in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, did Josiah put away, that he might perform the words of the law which were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of the LORD. 25 And like unto him was there no king before him, that turned to the LORD with all his heart, and with all his soul, and with all his might, according to all the law of Moses; neither after him arose there [any] like him.

[24] Gn 31:19; Lv 19:31; 20:27; Dt 18:10; Jg 17:5; 18:17; 1S 28:3; 2K 21:3, 6; 22:8; 2Ch 34:14; Is 8:19, 20; 19:3; Ho 3:4; Ac 16:16; Ro 3:20; Jm 1:25; Rv 22:15.
[25] Dt 4:29; 6:5; 1K 2:4; 8:48; 15:5; 2K 18:5; 23:3; Ne 10:29; Jr 29:13; Mal 4:4; Jn 1:17; 7:19.

God's final wrath against Judah.

26 ¶ Notwithstanding the LORD turned not from the fierceness of his great wrath, wherewith his anger was kindled against Judah, because of all the provocations that Manasseh had provoked him withal. 27 And the LORD said, I will remove Judah also out of my sight, as I have removed Israel, and will cast off this city Jerusalem which I have chosen, and the house of which I said, My name shall be there. 28 Now the rest of the acts of Josiah, and all that he did, [are] they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?

[26] 2K 21:11; 22:16; 24:2, 4; 2Ch 36:16; Jr 3:7; 15:1.
[27] Dt 29:27; 1K 8:29; 9:3; 2K 17:18, 20; 18:11; 21:4, 7, 13; 24:3; 25:11; Ps 51:11; Jr 31:37; 33:24; Lm 2:7; Ezk 23:32.
[28] 2K 20:20.

Josiah, provoking Pharaoh-nechoh, is slain at Megiddo.

29 ¶ In his days Pharaohnechoh king of Egypt went up against the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates: and king Josiah went against him; and he slew him at Megiddo, when he had seen him. 30 And his servants carried him in a chariot dead from Megiddo, and brought him to Jerusalem, and buried him in his own sepulchre. And the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king in his father's stead.

[29] Jsh 17:11; Jg 1:27; 5:19; 1K 4:12; 2K 9:27; 14:8, 11; 22:20; 23:33, 35; 24:7; 2Ch 35:20; Ec 8:14; 9:1; Is 57:1; Jr 46:2; Zc 12:11; Ro 11:33; Rv 16:16.
[30] 1K 22:33; 2K 9:28; 14:21; 21:24; 2Ch 35:24; 36:1, 2.

Jehoahaz, succeeding him, is imprisoned by Pharaoh-nechoh, who maketh Jehoiakim king.

31 ¶ Jehoahaz [was] twenty and three years old when he began to reign; and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. And his mother's name [was] Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah. 32 And he did [that which was] evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his fathers had done. 33 And Pharaohnechoh put him in bands at Riblah in the land of Hamath, that he might not reign in Jerusalem; and put the land to a tribute of an hundred talents of silver, and a talent of gold. 34 And Pharaohnechoh made Eliakim the son of Josiah king in the room of Josiah his father, and turned his name to Jehoiakim, and took Jehoahaz away: and he came to Egypt, and died there. 35 And Jehoiakim gave the silver and the gold to Pharaoh; but he taxed the land to give the money according to the commandment of Pharaoh: he exacted the silver and the gold of the people of the land, of every one according to his taxation, to give [it] unto Pharaohnechoh.

[31] 2K 24:18; 1Ch 3:15; Jr 22:11.
[32] 2K 21:2, 21.
[33] Ex 21:22; Nu 13:21; 34:11; 1K 8:65; 2K 18:14; 25:6; 2Ch 36:3; Pv 19:19; Jr 39:5; 46:1; 52:9, 26; Ezk 19:3.
[34] Gn 41:45; Jsh 18:18; 2K 24:17; 1Ch 3:15; 2Ch 36:3; Jr 22:11; Ezk 19:3; Dn 1:7; Mt 1:11.
[35] 2K 15:19; 23:33.

Jehoiakim's wicked reign.

36 ¶ Jehoiakim [was] twenty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name [was] Zebudah, the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah. 37 And he did [that which was] evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his fathers had done.