NASB — Numbers 21 — KJV

Arad Conquered

1 When the Canaanite, the king of aArad, who lived in the INegev, heard that Israel was coming by the way of IIAtharim, then he fought against Israel and took some of them captive. 2 So aIsrael made a vow to the LORD and said, “If You will indeed deliver this people into my hand, then I will Iutterly destroy their cities.” 3 The LORD heard the voice of Israel and delivered up the Canaanites; then they Iutterly destroyed them and their cities. Thus the name of the place was called IIaHormah.

[1] II.e. South country IIOr the spies aNu 33:40; Jsh 12:14; Jg 1:16
[2] ILit devote to destruction aGn 28:20; Jg 11:30
[3] ILit devoted to destruction III.e. a devoted thing; or Destruction aNu 14:45

4 ¶ Then they set out from Mount Hor by the way of the IRed Sea, to ago around the land of Edom; and the IIpeople became impatient because of the journey. 5 The people spoke against God and Moses, “aWhy have you brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? For there is no Ifood and no water, and IIbwe loathe this miserable food.”

[4] ILit Sea of Reeds IILit soul of the people was short aDt 2:8
[5] ILit bread IILit our soul loathes aNu 14:2, 3 bNu 11:6

The Bronze Serpent

6 aThe LORD sent fiery serpents among the people and bthey bit the people, so that cmany people of Israel died. 7 aSo the people came to Moses and said, “We have sinned, because we have spoken against the LORD and you; bintercede with the LORD, that He may remove the serpents from us.” And Moses interceded for the people. 8 Then the LORD said to Moses, “IMake a afiery [serpent], and set it on a standard; and it shall come about, that everyone who is bitten, when he looks at it, he will live.” 9 And Moses made a abronze serpent and set it on the standard; and it came about, that if a serpent bit any man, when he looked to the bronze serpent, he lived.

[6] aDt 8:15 bJr 8:17 c1Co 10:9
[7] aNu 11:2; Ps 78:34; Is 26:16; Ho 5:15 bEx 8:8; 1S 12:19; Ac 8:24
[8] ILit Make for yourself aIs 14:29; 30:6; Jn 3:14
[9] a2K 18:4; Jn 3:14, 15

10aNow the sons of Israel moved out and camped in Oboth. 11 They journeyed from Oboth and camped at Iye-abarim, in the wilderness which is opposite Moab, to the Ieast. 12 aFrom there they set out and camped in IWadi Zered. 13 From there they journeyed and camped on the other side of the Arnon, which is in the wilderness that comes out of the border of the Amorites, afor the Arnon is the border of Moab, between Moab and the Amorites. 14 Therefore it is said in the Book of the Wars of the LORD,
  “Waheb in Suphah,
  And the wadis of the Arnon,
  15 And the slope of the wadis
  That extends to the site of aAr,
  And leans to the border of Moab.”

[10] aNu 33:43, 44
[11] ILit sunrise
[12] II.e. a dry ravine except during rainy season aNu 33:45
[13] aNu 22:36; Jg 11:18
[15] aNu 21:28; Dt 2:9, 18, 29

16aFrom there [they continued] to IBeer, that is the well where the LORD said to Moses, “Assemble the people, that I may give them water.”

[16] II.e. a well aNu 33:46-49

17aThen Israel sang this song:
  “Spring up, O well! Sing to it!
  18 “The well, which the leaders sank,
  Which the nobles of the people dug,
  With the scepter [and] with their staffs.”
And from the wilderness [they continued] to Mattanah, 19 and from Mattanah to Nahaliel, and from Nahaliel to Bamoth, 20 and from Bamoth to the valley that is in the land of Moab, at the top of Pisgah which overlooks the Iwasteland.

[17] aEx 15:1; Ps 105:2
[20] IOr Jeshimon

Two Victories

21aThen Israel sent messengers to Sihon, king of the Amorites, saying, 22aLet me pass through your land. We will not turn off into field or vineyard; we will not drink water from wells. We will go by the king’s highway until we have passed through your border.” 23 aBut Sihon would not permit Israel to pass through his border. So Sihon gathered all his people and went out against Israel in the wilderness, and came to bJahaz and fought against Israel. 24 Then aIsrael Istruck him with the edge of the sword, and took possession of his land from the Arnon to the Jabbok, as far as the sons of Ammon; for the bborder of the sons of Ammon [was] IIJazer. 25 Israel took all these cities and aIsrael lived in all the cities of the Amorites, in Heshbon, and in all her Ivillages. 26 For Heshbon was the city of Sihon, king of the Amorites, who had fought against the former king of Moab and had taken all his land out of his hand, as far as the Arnon. 27 Therefore those who use proverbs say,
  “Come to Heshbon! Let it be built!
  So let the city of Sihon be established.
  28aFor a fire went forth from Heshbon,
  A flame from the town of Sihon;
  It devoured bAr of Moab,
  The Icdominant IIheights of the Arnon.
  29aWoe to you, O Moab!
  You are ruined, O people of bChemosh!
  cHe has given his sons as fugitives,
  dAnd his daughters into captivity,
  To an Amorite king, Sihon.
  30 “But we have cast them down,
  Heshbon is ruined as far as aDibon,
  Then we have laid waste even to Nophah,
  Which [reaches] to Medeba.”

[21] aDt 2:26-37; Jg 11:19
[22] aNu 20:16, 17
[23] aNu 20:21 bDt 2:32
[24] ILit smote, so with Gr and Lat IIM.T. reads strong aAm 2:9 bDt 2:37
[25] ILit daughters aAm 2:10
[28] ILit lords of the IIOr Bamoth aJr 48:45 bNu 21:15 cNu 22:41; Is 15:2; 16:12
[29] aJr 48:46 bJg 11:24; 1K 11:33; 2K 23:13 cIs 15:5 dIs 16:2
[30] aNu 32:3, 34; Jr 48:18, 22

31 ¶ Thus Israel lived in the land of the Amorites. 32 Moses sent to spy out aJazer, and they captured its villages and dispossessed the Amorites who [were] there.

[32] aNu 32:1, 3, 35; Jr 48:32

33aThen they turned and went up by the way of Bashan, and Og the king of Bashan went out Iwith all his people, for battle at bEdrei. 34 But the LORD said to Moses, “aDo not fear him, for I have given him into your hand, and all his people and his land; and you shall do to him as you did to Sihon, king of the Amorites, who lived at Heshbon.” 35 So athey Ikilled him and his sons and all his people, until there was no remnant left him; and they possessed his land.

[33] ILit he and aDt 3:1-7 bJsh 13:12
[34] aDt 3:2
[35] ILit smote aDt 3:3, 4


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Israel with some loss destroy the Canaanites at Hormah.

1 ¶ And [when] king Arad the Canaanite, which dwelt in the south, heard tell that Israel came by the way of the spies; then he fought against Israel, and took [some] of them prisoners. 2 And Israel vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou wilt indeed deliver this people into my hand, then I will utterly destroy their cities. 3 And the LORD hearkened to the voice of Israel, and delivered up the Canaanites; and they utterly destroyed them and their cities: and he called the name of the place Hormah.

[1] Nu 13:21; 14:45; 33:40; Dt 2:32; Jsh 7:5; 11:19; 12:14; Jg 1:16; Ps 44:3.
[2] Gn 28:20; Lv 27:28; Dt 13:15; Jsh 6:17, 26; Jg 11:30; 1S 1:11; 2S 15:7; Ps 56:12; 116:18; 132:2; 1Co 16:22.
[3] Nu 14:45; Dt 1:44; Jsh 12:14; 1S 30:30; Ps 10:17; 91:15; 102:17.

The people murmuring are plagued with fiery serpents.

4 ¶ And they journeyed from mount Hor by the way of the Red sea, to compass the land of Edom: and the soul of the people was much discouraged because of the way. 5 And the people spake against God, and against Moses, Wherefore have ye brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? for [there is] no bread, neither [is there any] water; and our soul loatheth this light bread. 6 And the LORD sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and much people of Israel died.

[4] Ex 6:9; Nu 14:25; 20:18, 22, 27; 32:7, 9; 33:41; Dt 1:40; 2:5; Jg 11:18; Ac 14:22; 1Th 3:3.
[5] Ex 14:11; 15:24; 16:2, 7, 15, 31; 17:2; Nu 11:1, 6; 14:1; 16:13, 41; 17:12; Ps 68:6; 78:19, 24; Pv 27:7.
[6] Gn 3:14; Dt 8:15; Is 14:29; 30:6; Jr 8:17; Am 9:3; 1Co 10:9.

They repenting are healed by a brasen serpent.

7 ¶ Therefore the people came to Moses, and said, We have sinned, for we have spoken against the LORD, and against thee; pray unto the LORD, that he take away the serpents from us. And Moses prayed for the people. 8 And the LORD said unto Moses, Make thee a fiery serpent, and set it upon a pole: and it shall come to pass, that every one that is bitten, when he looketh upon it, shall live. 9 And Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it upon a pole, and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived.

[7] Gn 20:7; Ex 8:8, 28; 9:27; 32:11, 30; Nu 11:2; 14:17; Dt 9:20, 26; 1S 12:19, 20; 15:24, 30; 1K 13:6; Jb 42:8, 10; Ps 78:34; 106:23; Jr 15:1; 37:3; Mt 27:4; Ac 8:24; Ro 10:1; Jm 5:16.
[8] Ps 106:43; 145:8.
[9] 2K 18:4; Is 45:22; Zc 12:10; Jn 1:29; 3:14; 6:40; 12:32; Ro 1:17; 5:20; 8:3; 2Co 5:21; He 12:2; 1Jn 3:8.

Sundry journeys of the Israelites.

10 ¶ And the children of Israel set forward, and pitched in Oboth. 11 And they journeyed from Oboth, and pitched at Ijeabarim, in the wilderness which [is] before Moab, toward the sunrising.

[10] Nu 33:43.
[11] Nu 21:11.

12 ¶ From thence they removed, and pitched in the valley of Zared. 13 From thence they removed, and pitched on the other side of Arnon, which [is] in the wilderness that cometh out of the coasts of the Amorites: for Arnon [is] the border of Moab, between Moab and the Amorites. 14 Wherefore it is said in the book of the wars of the LORD, What he did in the Red sea, and in the brooks of Arnon, 15 And at the stream of the brooks that goeth down to the dwelling of Ar, and lieth upon the border of Moab. 16 And from thence [they went] to Beer: that [is] the well whereof the LORD spake unto Moses, Gather the people together, and I will give them water.

[12] Dt 2:13.
[13] Nu 21:14; 22:36; Dt 2:24; Jg 11:18; Is 16:2; Jr 48:20.
[14] Nu 21:14; Jsh 10:13; 2S 1:18.
[15] Nu 21:28; Dt 2:9, 18, 29; Is 15:1.
[16] Ex 17:6; Nu 20:8; Jg 9:21; Is 12:3; 41:17; 43:20; 49:10; Jn 4:10, 14; 7:37; Rv 21:6; 22:1, 17.

17 ¶ Then Israel sang this song, Spring up, O well; sing ye unto it: 18 The princes digged the well, the nobles of the people digged it, by [the direction of] the lawgiver, with their staves. And from the wilderness [they went] to Mattanah: 19 And from Mattanah to Nahaliel: and from Nahaliel to Bamoth: 20 And from Bamoth [in] the valley, that [is] in the country of Moab, to the top of Pisgah, which looketh toward Jeshimon.

[17] Ex 15:1; Jg 5:1; Ps 105:2; 106:12; Is 12:1, 5; Jm 5:13.
[18] Nu 33:45; Dt 5:31; 33:4; 2Ch 17:7; Ne 3:1, 5; Is 33:22; Jn 1:17; 1Ti 6:17; Jm 4:12.
[20] Nu 22:1; 23:14, 28; 26:63; 33:49; Dt 1:5; 3:27; 4:49; 34:1.

Sihon is overcome,

21 ¶ And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, saying, 22 Let me pass through thy land: we will not turn into the fields, or into the vineyards; we will not drink [of] the waters of the well: [but] we will go along by the king's [high] way, until we be past thy borders. 23 And Sihon would not suffer Israel to pass through his border: but Sihon gathered all his people together, and went out against Israel into the wilderness: and he came to Jahaz, and fought against Israel. 24 And Israel smote him with the edge of the sword, and possessed his land from Arnon unto Jabbok, even unto the children of Ammon: for the border of the children of Ammon [was] strong. 25 And Israel took all these cities: and Israel dwelt in all the cities of the Amorites, in Heshbon, and in all the villages thereof. 26 For Heshbon [was] the city of Sihon the king of the Amorites, who had fought against the former king of Moab, and taken all his land out of his hand, even unto Arnon. 27 Wherefore they that speak in proverbs say, Come into Heshbon, let the city of Sihon be built and prepared: 28 For there is a fire gone out of Heshbon, a flame from the city of Sihon: it hath consumed Ar of Moab, [and] the lords of the high places of Arnon. 29 Woe to thee, Moab! thou art undone, O people of Chemosh: he hath given his sons that escaped, and his daughters, into captivity unto Sihon king of the Amorites. 30 We have shot at them; Heshbon is perished even unto Dibon, and we have laid them waste even unto Nophah, which [reacheth] unto Medeba.

[21] Nu 20:14; Dt 2:26; Jg 11:19.
[22] Nu 20:17.
[23] Dt 2:30; 29:7; Jg 11:20; Is 15:4; Jr 48:34.
[24] Gn 32:22; Nu 21:13; 32:1, 33; Dt 2:31; 3:16; 29:7; Jsh 9:10; 12:1; 13:8; 24:8; Jg 11:21; 12:1; 21:8; Ne 9:22; Ps 135:10; 136:19; Am 2:9.
[25] Nu 21:31; 32:33; Dt 2:12; So 7:4; Is 15:4; 16:8; Jr 48:2, 34, 45; Ezk 16:46, 49, 53.
[26] Nu 21:26.
[27] Nu 21:14; Is 14:4; Hab 2:6.
[28] Nu 21:15; Dt 2:9, 18; Jg 9:20; Is 10:16; 15:1; Jr 48:45; Am 1:4, 7, 10, 12, 14; 2:2, 5.
[29] Jg 11:24; 1K 11:7, 33; 2K 23:13; Jr 48:7, 13, 46; 1Co 8:4.
[30] Gn 49:23; Nu 32:34; Jsh 13:17; 2S 11:24; Ps 18:14; Is 15:2, 9; Jr 48:18, 22.

31 ¶ Thus Israel dwelt in the land of the Amorites. 32 And Moses sent to spy out Jaazer, and they took the villages thereof, and drove out the Amorites that [were] there.

[31] Nu 32:33; Dt 3:16; Jsh 12:1; 13:8.
[32] Nu 32:1, 35; Is 16:8; Jr 48:32.

and Og.

33 ¶ And they turned and went up by the way of Bashan: and Og the king of Bashan went out against them, he, and all his people, to the battle at Edrei. 34 And the LORD said unto Moses, Fear him not: for I have delivered him into thy hand, and all his people, and his land; and thou shalt do to him as thou didst unto Sihon king of the Amorites, which dwelt at Heshbon. 35 So they smote him, and his sons, and all his people, until there was none left him alive: and they possessed his land.

[33] Nu 32:33; Dt 1:4; 3:1; 4:47; 29:7; 32:14; Jsh 9:10; 12:4; 13:12, 30; Ps 22:12; 68:15; Is 33:9; Ezk 27:6; 39:18; Am 4:1.
[34] Nu 14:9; 21:24; Dt 3:2, 3, 11; 7:24; 20:3; 31:6; Jsh 8:7; 10:8, 25; Jg 11:30; 1S 23:4; 2S 5:19; 1K 20:13, 28; 2K 3:18; Ps 135:10; Is 41:13.
[35] Dt 3:3; 29:7; Jsh 12:4; 13:12; Ps 135:10; 136:17; Ro 8:37.


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