1 When the Canaanite°, the king° of aArad°, who lived° in the INegev°, heard° that Israel° was coming° by the way° of IIAtharim°, then he fought° against Israel° and took° some° of them captive°. 2 So aIsrael° made° a vow° to the LORD° and said°, “If° You will indeed° deliver° this° people° into my hand°, then I will Iutterly° destroy° their cities°.” 3 The LORD° heard° the voice° of Israel° and delivered° up the Canaanites°; then they Iutterly° destroyed° them and their cities°. Thus the name° of the place° was called° IIaHormah°.
 II.e. South country IIOr the spies aNu 33:40; Jsh 12:14; Jg 1:16
 ILit devote to destruction aGn 28:20; Jg 11:30
 ILit devoted to destruction III.e. a devoted thing; or Destruction aNu 14:45
4 ¶ Then they set° out from Mount° Hor° by the way° of the IRed°° Sea°, to ago° around° the land° of Edom°; and the IIpeople°° became° impatient° because of the journey°. 5 The people° spoke° against God° and Moses°, “aWhy° have you brought° us up out of Egypt° to die° in the wilderness°? For there° is no° Ifood° and no° water°, and IIbwe loathe° this miserable° food°.”
 ILit Sea of Reeds IILit soul of the people was short aDt 2:8
 ILit bread IILit our soul loathes aNu 14:2, 3 bNu 11:6
The Bronze Serpent
6 aThe LORD° sent° fiery° serpents° among the people° and bthey bit° the people°, so that cmany° people° of Israel° died°. 7 aSo the people° came° to Moses° and said°, “We have sinned°, because° we have spoken° against the LORD° and you; bintercede° with the LORD°, that He may remove° the serpents° from us.” And Moses° interceded° for the people°. 8 Then the LORD° said° to Moses°, “IMake° a afiery° [serpent], and set° it on a standard°; and it shall come° about, that everyone° who is bitten°, when he looks° at it, he will live°.” 9 And Moses° made° a abronze° serpent° and set° it on the standard°; and it came° about, that if° a serpent° bit° any° man°, when he looked° to the bronze° serpent°, he lived°.
 aDt 8:15 bJr 8:17 c1Co 10:9
 aNu 11:2; Ps 78:34; Is 26:16; Ho 5:15 bEx 8:8; 1S 12:19; Ac 8:24
 ILit Make for yourself aIs 14:29; 30:6; Jn 3:14
 a2K 18:4; Jn 3:14, 15
10 ¶ aNow the sons° of Israel° moved° out and camped° in Oboth°.
11 They journeyed° from Oboth° and camped° at Iye-abarim°, in the wilderness° which° is opposite°° Moab°, to the Ieast°°.
12 aFrom there° they set° out and camped° in IWadi° Zered°.
13 From there° they journeyed° and camped° on the other° side° of the Arnon°, which° is in the wilderness° that comes° out of the border° of the Amorites°, afor the Arnon° is the border° of Moab°, between° Moab° and the Amorites°.
14 Therefore°° it is said° in the Book° of the Wars° of the LORD°,
 aNu 33:43, 44
 ILit sunrise
 II.e. a dry ravine except during rainy season aNu 33:45
 aNu 22:36; Jg 11:18
 aNu 21:28; Dt 2:9, 18, 29
17 ¶ aThen° Israel° sang° this° song°:
21 ¶ aThen Israel° sent° messengers° to Sihon°, king° of the Amorites°, saying°,
22 “aLet me pass° through° your land°. We will not turn° off into field° or vineyard°; we will not drink° water° from wells°. We will go° by the king’s° highway° until°° we have passed° through° your border°.”
23 aBut Sihon° would not permit° Israel° to pass° through° his border°. So Sihon° gathered° all° his people° and went° out against° Israel° in the wilderness°, and came° to bJahaz° and fought° against Israel°.
24 Then aIsrael° Istruck° him with the edge° of the sword°, and took° possession° of his land° from the Arnon° to the Jabbok°, as far° as the sons° of Ammon°; for the bborder° of the sons° of Ammon° [was] IIJazer°.
25 Israel° took° all° these° cities° and aIsrael° lived° in all° the cities° of the Amorites°, in Heshbon°, and in all° her Ivillages°.
26 For Heshbon° was the city° of Sihon°, king° of the Amorites°, who° had fought° against the former° king° of Moab° and had taken° all° his land° out of his hand°, as far° as the Arnon°.
27 Therefore°° those who use° proverbs° say°,
 aDt 2:26-37; Jg 11:19
 aNu 20:16, 17
 aNu 20:21 bDt 2:32
 ILit smote, so with Gr and Lat IIM.T. reads strong aAm 2:9 bDt 2:37
 ILit daughters aAm 2:10
 ILit lords of the IIOr Bamoth aJr 48:45 bNu 21:15 cNu 22:41; Is 15:2; 16:12
 aJr 48:46 bJg 11:24; 1K 11:33; 2K 23:13 cIs 15:5 dIs 16:2
 aNu 32:3, 34; Jr 48:18, 22
33 ¶ aThen they turned° and went° up by the way° of Bashan°, and Og° the king° of Bashan° went° out Iwith all° his people°, for battle° at bEdrei°. 34 But the LORD° said° to Moses°, “aDo not fear° him, for I have given° him into your hand°, and all° his people° and his land°; and you shall do° to him as you did° to Sihon°, king° of the Amorites°, who° lived° at Heshbon°.” 35 So athey Ikilled° him and his sons° and all° his people°, until° there was no° remnant° left° him; and they possessed° his land°.
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Israel with some loss destroy the Canaanites at Hormah.
1 ¶ And [when] kingº Aradº the Canaanite,º which dweltºª in the south,º heard¹ª tell² that² Israelº cameºª by the wayº of the spies;º then he foughtºª against Israel,º and tookºª [some] of² them prisoners.º 2 And Israelº vowedºª a vowº unto the LORD,º and said,ºª If² thou wilt indeed¹ª deliverºª² this² peopleº into my hand,º then I will utterly destroyºª² their cities.º 3 And the LORDº hearkenedºª to the voiceº of Israel,º and delivered upºª² the Canaanites;º and they utterly destroyedºª them and their cities:º and he calledºª the nameº of the placeº Hormah.º
 Nu 13:21; 14:45; 33:40; Dt 2:32; Jsh 7:5; 11:19; 12:14; Jg 1:16; Ps 44:3.
 Gn 28:20; Lv 27:28; Dt 13:15; Jsh 6:17, 26; Jg 11:30; 1S 1:11; 2S 15:7; Ps 56:12; 116:18; 132:2; 1Co 16:22.
 Nu 14:45; Dt 1:44; Jsh 12:14; 1S 30:30; Ps 10:17; 91:15; 102:17.
The people murmuring are plagued with fiery serpents.
4 ¶ And they journeyedºª from mountº Horº² by the wayº of the Redº sea,º to compassºª² the landº of Edom:º and the soulº of the peopleº was much discouragedºª because of the way.º 5 And the peopleº spakeºª against God,º and against Moses,º Wherefore² have ye brought us upºª out of Egyptº² to dieºª in the wilderness?º for² [there is] no² bread,º neither² [is there any] water;º and our soulº loathethºª this lightº bread.º 6 And the LORDº sentºª² fieryº serpentsº among the people,º and they bitºª² the people;º and muchº peopleº of Israelº² died.ºª
 Ex 6:9; Nu 14:25; 20:18, 22, 27; 32:7, 9; 33:41; Dt 1:40; 2:5; Jg 11:18; Ac 14:22; 1Th 3:3.
 Ex 14:11; 15:24; 16:2, 7, 15, 31; 17:2; Nu 11:1, 6; 14:1; 16:13, 41; 17:12; Ps 68:6; 78:19, 24; Pv 27:7.
 Gn 3:14; Dt 8:15; Is 14:29; 30:6; Jr 8:17; Am 9:3; 1Co 10:9.
They repenting are healed by a brasen serpent.
7 ¶ Therefore the peopleº cameºª to² Moses,º and said,ºª We have sinned,ºª for² we have spokenºª against the LORD,º and against thee; prayºª unto² the LORD,º that he take awayºª² the serpentsº from²² us. And Mosesº prayedºª for² the people.º 8 And the LORDº saidºª unto² Moses,º Makeºª thee a fiery serpent,º and setºª it upon² a pole:º and it shall come to pass,² that every one² that is bitten,ºª when he looketh¹ª upon² it, shall live.ºª 9 And Mosesº madeºª a serpentº of brass,º and putºª it upon² a pole,º and it came to pass,² that if² a serpentº had bittenºª² any man,º when he beheldºª² the serpentº of brass,º he lived.ºª
 Gn 20:7; Ex 8:8, 28; 9:27; 32:11, 30; Nu 11:2; 14:17; Dt 9:20, 26; 1S 12:19, 20; 15:24, 30; 1K 13:6; Jb 42:8, 10; Ps 78:34; 106:23; Jr 15:1; 37:3; Mt 27:4; Ac 8:24; Ro 10:1; Jm 5:16.
 Ps 106:43; 145:8.
 2K 18:4; Is 45:22; Zc 12:10; Jn 1:29; 3:14; 6:40; 12:32; Ro 1:17; 5:20; 8:3; 2Co 5:21; He 12:2; 1Jn 3:8.
Sundry journeys of the Israelites.
10 ¶ And the childrenº of Israelº set forward,ºª and pitchedºª in Oboth.º 11 And they journeyedºª from Oboth,º² and pitchedºª at Ijeabarim,º in the wildernessº which² [is] beforeº² Moab,º toward the sunrising.ºº²
12 ¶ From thence²² they removed,ºª and pitchedºª in the valleyº of Zared.º 13 From thence²² they removed,ºª and pitchedºª on the other sideº² of Arnon,º which² [is] in the wildernessº that cometh outºª of the coastsº² of the Amorites:º for² Arnonº [is] the borderº of Moab,º between² Moabº and the Amorites.º 14 Wherefore²² it is saidºª in the bookº of the warsº of the LORD,º² What he didº in the Red sea,º and in the brooksº of Arnon,º 15 And at the streamº of the brooksº that² goeth downºª to the dwelling¹ª² of Ar,º and liethºª upon the borderº of Moab.º 16 And from thence²² [they went] to Beer:º that² [is] the wellº whereof² the LORDº spakeºª unto Moses,º Gather¹ª the people¹ together,ºª²² and I will giveºª them water.º
 Dt 2:13.
 Nu 21:14; 22:36; Dt 2:24; Jg 11:18; Is 16:2; Jr 48:20.
 Nu 21:14; Jsh 10:13; 2S 1:18.
 Nu 21:28; Dt 2:9, 18, 29; Is 15:1.
 Ex 17:6; Nu 20:8; Jg 9:21; Is 12:3; 41:17; 43:20; 49:10; Jn 4:10, 14; 7:37; Rv 21:6; 22:1, 17.
17 ¶ Then² Israelº sangºª² this² song,º Spring up,ºª O well;º singºª ye unto it: 18 The princesº diggedºª the well,º the noblesº of the peopleº diggedºª it, by [the direction of] the lawgiver,ºª with their staves.º And from the wildernessº² [they went] to Mattanah:º 19 And from Mattanahº² to Nahaliel:º and from Nahalielº² to Bamoth:º 20 And from Bamothº² [in] the valley,º that² [is] in the countryº of Moab,º to the topº of Pisgah,º which lookethºª towardº² Jeshimon.º
 Ex 15:1; Jg 5:1; Ps 105:2; 106:12; Is 12:1, 5; Jm 5:13.
 Nu 33:45; Dt 5:31; 33:4; 2Ch 17:7; Ne 3:1, 5; Is 33:22; Jn 1:17; 1Ti 6:17; Jm 4:12.
 Nu 22:1; 23:14, 28; 26:63; 33:49; Dt 1:5; 3:27; 4:49; 34:1.
Sihon is overcome,
21 ¶ And Israelº sentºª messengersº unto² Sihonº kingº of the Amorites,º saying,ºª 22 Let me passºª through thy land:º we will not² turnºª into the fields,º or into the vineyards;º we will not² drinkºª [of] the watersº of the well:º [but] we will go along¹ª² by the king'sº [high] way,º until²² we be pastºª thy borders.º 23 And Sihonº would not² sufferºª² Israelº to passºª through his border:º but Sihonº gathered¹ª all his people¹ together,ºª²²² and went outºª againstºª Israelº into the wilderness:º and he cameºª to Jahaz,º and foughtºª against Israel.º 24 And Israelº smoteºª him with the edgeº of the sword,º and possessedºª² his landº from Arnonº² unto² Jabbok,º even unto² the childrenº of Ammon:º for² the borderº of the childrenº of Ammonº [was] strong.º 25 And Israelº tookºª² all² these² cities:º and Israelº dweltºª in all² the citiesº of the Amorites,º in Heshbon,º and in all² the villagesº thereof. 26 For² Heshbonº [was] the cityº of Sihonº the kingº of the Amorites,º who² had foughtºª against the formerº kingº of Moab,º and takenºª² all² his landº out of his hand,º² even unto² Arnon.º 27 Wherefore²² they that speak in proverbsºª say,ºª Comeºª into Heshbon,º let the cityº of Sihonº be builtºª and prepared:ºª 28 For² there is a fireº gone outºª of Heshbon,º² a flameº from the cityº² of Sihon:º it hath consumedºª Arº of Moab,º [and] the lords² of the high places¹² of Arnon.º 29 Woeº to thee, Moab!º thou art undone,ºª O peopleº of Chemosh:º he hath givenºª his sonsº that escaped,º and his daughters,º into captivity¹² unto Sihonº kingº of the Amorites.º 30 We have shotºª at them; Heshbonº is perishedºª even unto² Dibon,º and we have laid them wasteºª even unto² Nophah,º which² [reacheth] unto² Medeba.º
 Nu 20:14; Dt 2:26; Jg 11:19.
 Nu 20:17.
 Dt 2:30; 29:7; Jg 11:20; Is 15:4; Jr 48:34.
 Gn 32:22; Nu 21:13; 32:1, 33; Dt 2:31; 3:16; 29:7; Jsh 9:10; 12:1; 13:8; 24:8; Jg 11:21; 12:1; 21:8; Ne 9:22; Ps 135:10; 136:19; Am 2:9.
 Nu 21:31; 32:33; Dt 2:12; So 7:4; Is 15:4; 16:8; Jr 48:2, 34, 45; Ezk 16:46, 49, 53.
 Nu 21:26.
 Nu 21:14; Is 14:4; Hab 2:6.
 Nu 21:15; Dt 2:9, 18; Jg 9:20; Is 10:16; 15:1; Jr 48:45; Am 1:4, 7, 10, 12, 14; 2:2, 5.
 Jg 11:24; 1K 11:7, 33; 2K 23:13; Jr 48:7, 13, 46; 1Co 8:4.
 Gn 49:23; Nu 32:34; Jsh 13:17; 2S 11:24; Ps 18:14; Is 15:2, 9; Jr 48:18, 22.
33 ¶ And they turnedºª and went upºª by the wayº of Bashan:º and Ogº the kingº of Bashanº went outºª againstºª them, he,² and all² his people,º to the battleº at Edrei.º 34 And the LORDº saidºª unto² Moses,º Fearºª him not:² for² I have deliveredºª him into thy hand,º and all² his people,º and his land;º and thou shalt doºª to him as² thou didstºª unto Sihonº kingº of the Amorites,º which² dweltºª at Heshbon.º 35 So they smoteºª him, and his sons,º and all² his people,º until² there was noneº leftºª him alive:º and they possessedºª² his land.º
 Nu 32:33; Dt 1:4; 3:1; 4:47; 29:7; 32:14; Jsh 9:10; 12:4; 13:12, 30; Ps 22:12; 68:15; Is 33:9; Ezk 27:6; 39:18; Am 4:1.
 Nu 14:9; 21:24; Dt 3:2, 3, 11; 7:24; 20:3; 31:6; Jsh 8:7; 10:8, 25; Jg 11:30; 1S 23:4; 2S 5:19; 1K 20:13, 28; 2K 3:18; Ps 135:10; Is 41:13.
 Dt 3:3; 29:7; Jsh 12:4; 13:12; Ps 135:10; 136:17; Ro 8:37.
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