NASB — 2 Kings 18 — KJV

Hezekiah Reigns over Judah

1 Now it came about ain the third year of Hoshea, the son of Elah king of Israel, that bHezekiah the son of Ahaz king of Judah became king. 2 He was atwenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned twenty-nine years in Jerusalem; and his mother’s name was Abi the daughter of Zechariah. 3 aHe did right in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his father David had done. 4 aHe removed the high places and broke down the [sacred] pillars and cut down the IAsherah. He also broke in pieces bthe bronze serpent that Moses had made, for until those days the sons of Israel burned incense to it; and it was called IINehushtan. 5 aHe trusted in the LORD, the God of Israel; bso that after him there was none like him among all the kings of Judah, nor [among those] who were before him. 6 For he aclung to the LORD; he did not depart from following Him, but kept His commandments, which the LORD had commanded Moses.

[1] a2K 16:2; 17:1 b2Ch 28:27
[2] a2Ch 29:1, 2
[3] a2K 20:3; 2Ch 31:20
[4] II.e. a wooden symbol of a female deity III.e. a piece of bronze a2K 18:22; 2Ch 31:1 bNu 21:8, 9
[5] a2K 19:10 b2K 23:25
[6] aDt 10:20; Jsh 23:8

Hezekiah Victorious

7 aAnd the LORD was with him; wherever he went he prospered. And bhe rebelled against the king of Assyria and did not serve him. 8 aHe Idefeated the Philistines as far as Gaza and its territory, from bwatchtower to fortified city.

[7] aGn 39:2, 3; 1S 18:14 b2K 16:7
[8] ILit smote a2Ch 28:18; Is 14:29 b2K 17:9

9 ¶ Now in the fourth year of King Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, aShalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria and besieged it. 10 At the end of three years they captured it; in the sixth year of Hezekiah, which was athe ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel, Samaria was captured. 11 Then the king of Assyria carried Israel away into exile to Assyria, and put them in aHalah and on the Habor, the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes, 12 because they adid not obey the voice of the LORD their God, but transgressed His covenant, [even] all that Moses the servant of the LORD commanded; they would neither listen nor do [it].

[9] a2K 17:3-7
[10] a2K 17:6
[11] a1Ch 5:26
[12] a1K 9:6; Dn 9:6, 10

Invasion of Judah

13aNow in the fourteenth year of King Hezekiah, Sennacherib king of Assyria came up against all the fortified cities of Judah and seized them. 14 Then Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of Assyria at Lachish, saying, “aI have done wrong. IWithdraw from me; whatever you IIimpose on me I will bear.” So the king of Assyria IIIrequired of Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold. 15 aHezekiah gave [him] all the silver which was found in the house of the LORD, and in the treasuries of the king’s house. 16 At that time Hezekiah cut off [the gold from] the doors of the temple of the LORD, and [from] the doorposts which Hezekiah king of Judah had overlaid, and gave it to the king of Assyria.

[13] a2Ch 32:1; Is 36:1-39:8
[14] ILit Return IILit give IIILit put on a2K 18:7
[15] a1K 15:18, 19; 2K 12:18; 16:8

17 ¶ Then the king of Assyria sent aTartan and Rab-saris and Rabshakeh from Lachish to King Hezekiah with a large army to Jerusalem. So they went up and came to Jerusalem. And when they went up, they came and stood by the bconduit of the upper pool, which is on the highway of the Ifuller’s field. 18 When they called to the king, aEliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and bShebnah the scribe and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder, came out to them.

[17] II.e. launderer’s aIs 20:1 b2K 20:20; Is 7:3
[18] a2K 19:2; Is 22:20 bIs 22:15

19 ¶ Then Rabshakeh said to them, “Say now to Hezekiah, ‘Thus says the great king, the king of Assyria, “aWhat is this confidence that you Ihave? 20 You say (but [they are] Ionly empty words), ‘[I have] counsel and strength for the war.’ Now on whom do you rely, athat you have rebelled against me? 21 Now behold, you Iarely on the staff of this crushed reed, [even] on Egypt; on which if a man leans, it will go into his IIhand and pierce it. So is Pharaoh king of Egypt to all who rely on him. 22 But if you say to me, ‘We trust in the LORD our God,’ is it not He whose high places and awhose altars Hezekiah has taken away, and has said to Judah and to Jerusalem, ‘You shall worship before this altar in Jerusalem’? 23 Now therefore, Icome, make a bargain with my master the king of Assyria, and I will give you two thousand horses, if you are able on your part to set riders on them. 24 How then can you Irepulse one IIofficial of the least of my master’s servants, and IIIrely on Egypt for chariots and for horsemen? 25 Have I now come up Iwithout the LORDS approval against this place to destroy it? The LORD said to me, ‘Go up against this land and destroy it.’”’”

[19] ILit trust a2Ch 32:10
[20] ILit a word of the lips a2K 18:7
[21] ILit rely for yourself IILit palm aIs 30:2, 3, 7; Ezk 29:6, 7
[22] a2K 18:4; 2Ch 31:1
[23] ILit please exchange pledges
[24] ILit turn away the face of IIOr governor IIILit rely for yourself
[25] ILit without the LORD

26 ¶ Then Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, and Shebnah and Joah, said to Rabshakeh, “Speak now to your servants in Aramaic, for we Iunderstand [it]; and do not speak with us in IIaJudean in the hearing of the people who are on the wall.” 27 But Rabshakeh said to them, “Has my master sent me only to your master and to you to speak these words, [and] not to the men who sit on the wall, [doomed] to eat their own dung and drink their own urine with you?”

[26] ILit hear III.e. Hebrew aEzr 4:7; Dn 2:4

28 ¶ Then Rabshakeh stood and cried with a loud voice in Judean, Isaying, “Hear the word of the great king, the king of Assyria. 29 Thus says the king, ‘aDo not let Hezekiah deceive you, for he will not be able to deliver you from Imy hand; 30 nor let Hezekiah make you trust in the LORD, saying, “The LORD will surely deliver us, and this city will not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria.” 31 Do not listen to Hezekiah, for thus says the king of Assyria, “IMake your peace with me and come out to me, and eat aeach of his vine and each of his fig tree and drink each of the waters of his own cistern, 32 until I come and take you away ato a land like your own land, a land of grain and new wine, a land of bread and vineyards, a land of olive trees and honey, that you may live and not die.” But do not listen to Hezekiah when he misleads you, saying, “The LORD will deliver us.” 33 aHas any one of the gods of the nations delivered his land from the hand of the king of Assyria? 34 aWhere are the gods of Hamath and bArpad? Where are the gods of Sepharvaim, Hena and IcIvvah? Have they delivered Samaria from my hand? 35 Who among all the gods of the lands Ihave delivered their land from my hand, athat the LORD should deliver Jerusalem from my hand?’”

[28] ILit and spoke, saying,
[29] IHeb his a2Ch 32:15
[31] ILit Make with me a blessing a1K 4:20, 25
[32] aDt 8:7-9; 11:12
[33] a2K 19:12; Is 10:10, 11
[34] IIn 2K 17:24, Avva a2K 19:13 bIs 10:9 c2K 17:24
[35] ILit who have aPs 2:1-3; 59:7

36 ¶ But the people were silent and answered him not a word, for the king’s commandment was, “Do not answer him.” 37 Then aEliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and Shebna the scribe and Joah the son of Asaph, the recorder, came to Hezekiah bwith their clothes torn and told him the words of Rabshakeh.

[37] a2K 18:26 b2K 6:30


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Hezekiah his good reign.

1 ¶ Now it came to pass in the third year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, [that] Hezekiah the son of Ahaz king of Judah began to reign. 2 Twenty and five years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also [was] Abi, the daughter of Zachariah. 3 And he did [that which was] right in the sight of the LORD, according to all that David his father did.

[1] 2K 15:30; 16:20; 17:1; 18:9; 1Ch 3:13; 2Ch 28:27; 29:1; Mt 1:9.
[2] 2Ch 29:1.
[3] Ex 15:26; Dt 6:18; 1K 3:14; 11:4, 38; 15:5, 11; 2K 20:3; 22:2; 2Ch 29:2; 31:20; Jb 33:27; Ps 119:128; Ro 7:12; Ep 6:1.

He destroyeth idolatry, and prospereth.

4 ¶ He removed the high places, and brake the images, and cut down the groves, and brake in pieces the brasen serpent that Moses had made: for unto those days the children of Israel did burn incense to it: and he called it Nehushtan. 5 He trusted in the LORD God of Israel; so that after him was none like him among all the kings of Judah, nor [any] that were before him. 6 For he clave to the LORD, [and] departed not from following him, but kept his commandments, which the LORD commanded Moses. 7 And the LORD was with him; [and] he prospered whithersoever he went forth: and he rebelled against the king of Assyria, and served him not. 8 He smote the Philistines, [even] unto Gaza, and the borders thereof, from the tower of the watchmen to the fenced city.

[4] Lv 26:30; Nu 21:8; Dt 7:5; 12:2; Jg 6:25, 28; 1K 3:2; 15:12, 14; 22:43; 2K 12:3; 14:4; 15:4, 35; 16:15; 23:4; 2Ch 19:3; 31:1; 33:3; Ps 78:58; Ezk 20:28; Jn 3:14.
[5] 2K 19:10, 15; 23:25; 2Ch 14:11; 16:7; 20:20, 35; 32:7; Jb 13:15; Ps 13:5; 27:1; 46:1; 84:12; 146:5; Jr 17:7; Mt 27:43; Ep 1:12.
[6] Dt 10:20; Jsh 23:8; 2K 17:13, 16, 19; Jr 11:4; Jn 14:15, 21; 15:10, 14; Ac 11:23; 1Jn 5:3.
[7] Gn 21:22; 39:2; 1S 18:5, 14; 2S 8:6, 14; 2K 16:7; 18:20; 2Ch 15:2; 31:21; 32:30; Ps 1:3; 46:11; 60:12; Mt 1:23; 28:20; Ac 7:9; Ro 8:31.
[8] 2K 17:9; 1Ch 4:41; 2Ch 26:10; 28:18; Is 5:2; 14:29.

Samaria is carried captive for their sins.

9 ¶ And it came to pass in the fourth year of king Hezekiah, which [was] the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, [that] Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria, and besieged it. 10 And at the end of three years they took it: [even] in the sixth year of Hezekiah, that [is] the ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel, Samaria was taken. 11 And the king of Assyria did carry away Israel unto Assyria, and put them in Halah and in Habor [by] the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes: 12 Because they obeyed not the voice of the LORD their God, but transgressed his covenant, [and] all that Moses the servant of the LORD commanded, and would not hear [them], nor do [them].

[9] 2K 17:3, 4; 18:1; Ho 10:14.
[10] Ho 13:16; Am 3:11; 4:1; 6:7; 9:1; Mi 1:6; 6:16; 7:13.
[11] 2K 17:6; 19:11; 1Ch 5:26; Is 7:8; 8:4; 9:9; 10:5, 11; 37:12; Ho 8:8; 9:3; Am 5:1, 6, 25; Ac 7:43.
[12] Nu 12:7; Dt 8:20; 11:28; 29:24; 31:17; 34:5; Jsh 1:1; 2K 17:7; Ne 9:17, 26; Ps 107:17; Is 1:19; Jr 3:8; 7:23; Dn 9:6; Mi 3:4; 2Th 1:8; 2Ti 2:24; He 3:5; 1P 2:8; 4:17.

Sennacherib invading Judah is pacified by a tribute.

13 ¶ Now in the fourteenth year of king Hezekiah did Sennacherib king of Assyria come up against all the fenced cities of Judah, and took them. 14 And Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of Assyria to Lachish, saying, I have offended; return from me: that which thou puttest on me will I bear. And the king of Assyria appointed unto Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold. 15 And Hezekiah gave [him] all the silver that was found in the house of the LORD, and in the treasures of the king's house. 16 At that time did Hezekiah cut off [the gold from] the doors of the temple of the LORD, and [from] the pillars which Hezekiah king of Judah had overlaid, and gave it to the king of Assyria.

[13] 2Ch 32:1; Is 7:17; 8:7; 10:5; 36:1; Ho 12:1.
[14] 1K 20:4; 2K 18:7; Pv 29:25; Lk 14:32.
[15] 1K 15:15, 18; 2K 12:18; 16:8; 2Ch 16:2.
[16] 1K 6:31; 2Ch 29:3.

Rab-shakeh, sent by Sennacherib again, revileth Hezekiah, and by blasphemous persuasions soliciteth the people to revolt.

17 ¶ And the king of Assyria sent Tartan and Rabsaris and Rabshakeh from Lachish to king Hezekiah with a great host against Jerusalem. And they went up and came to Jerusalem. And when they were come up, they came and stood by the conduit of the upper pool, which [is] in the highway of the fuller's field. 18 And when they had called to the king, there came out to them Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, which [was] over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder. 19 And Rabshakeh said unto them, Speak ye now to Hezekiah, Thus saith the great king, the king of Assyria, What confidence [is] this wherein thou trustest? 20 Thou sayest, (but [they are but] vain words,) [I have] counsel and strength for the war. Now on whom dost thou trust, that thou rebellest against me? 21 Now, behold, thou trustest upon the staff of this bruised reed, [even] upon Egypt, on which if a man lean, it will go into his hand, and pierce it: so [is] Pharaoh king of Egypt unto all that trust on him. 22 But if ye say unto me, We trust in the LORD our God: [is] not that he, whose high places and whose altars Hezekiah hath taken away, and hath said to Judah and Jerusalem, Ye shall worship before this altar in Jerusalem? 23 Now therefore, I pray thee, give pledges to my lord the king of Assyria, and I will deliver thee two thousand horses, if thou be able on thy part to set riders upon them. 24 How then wilt thou turn away the face of one captain of the least of my master's servants, and put thy trust on Egypt for chariots and for horsemen? 25 Am I now come up without the LORD against this place to destroy it? The LORD said to me, Go up against this land, and destroy it. 26 Then said Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, and Shebna, and Joah, unto Rabshakeh, Speak, I pray thee, to thy servants in the Syrian language; for we understand [it]: and talk not with us in the Jews' language in the ears of the people that [are] on the wall. 27 But Rabshakeh said unto them, Hath my master sent me to thy master, and to thee, to speak these words? [hath he] not [sent me] to the men which sit on the wall, that they may eat their own dung, and drink their own piss with you? 28 Then Rabshakeh stood and cried with a loud voice in the Jews' language, and spake, saying, Hear the word of the great king, the king of Assyria: 29 Thus saith the king, Let not Hezekiah deceive you: for he shall not be able to deliver you out of his hand: 30 Neither let Hezekiah make you trust in the LORD, saying, The LORD will surely deliver us, and this city shall not be delivered into the hand of the king of Assyria. 31 Hearken not to Hezekiah: for thus saith the king of Assyria, Make [an agreement] with me by a present, and come out to me, and [then] eat ye every man of his own vine, and every one of his fig tree, and drink ye every one the waters of his cistern: 32 Until I come and take you away to a land like your own land, a land of corn and wine, a land of bread and vineyards, a land of oil olive and of honey, that ye may live, and not die: and hearken not unto Hezekiah, when he persuadeth you, saying, The LORD will deliver us. 33 Hath any of the gods of the nations delivered at all his land out of the hand of the king of Assyria? 34 Where [are] the gods of Hamath, and of Arpad? where [are] the gods of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivah? have they delivered Samaria out of mine hand? 35 Who [are] they among all the gods of the countries, that have delivered their country out of mine hand, that the LORD should deliver Jerusalem out of mine hand? 36 But the people held their peace, and answered him not a word: for the king's commandment was, saying, Answer him not. 37 Then came Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, which [was] over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder, to Hezekiah with [their] clothes rent, and told him the words of Rabshakeh.

[17] 2K 20:20; 2Ch 32:9; Is 7:3; 20:1; 22:9; 36:2.
[18] 2S 8:16, 17; 20:24; 1K 4:3; 2K 19:2; 2Ch 34:8; Is 22:15, 20; 36:3, 22; 37:2.
[19] 2K 18:22, 29; 19:10; 2Ch 32:7, 10, 14; Ps 4:2; Is 10:8; 36:4, 7; 37:10, 13; Dn 4:30.
[20] 2K 18:14; Pv 21:30.
[21] 2K 17:4; Is 30:2, 7; 31:1; 36:6; Jr 46:17; Ezk 29:6.
[22] 2K 18:4, 5; 2Ch 31:1; 32:12; Is 36:7; Dn 3:15; Mt 27:43; 1Co 2:15.
[23] 1S 17:42, 44; 1K 20:10, 18; Ne 4:2; Ps 123:3; Is 10:13; 36:8.
[24] Dt 17:16; 2K 18:21; Ps 20:7; Is 10:8; 31:1, 3; 36:6, 9; Jr 37:7; 42:14; Ezk 17:15, 17; Dn 2:37; 4:22, 37.
[25] 1K 13:18; 2K 19:6, 22; 2Ch 35:21; Is 10:5; Am 3:6; Jn 19:10.
[26] Ezr 4:7; Is 36:11; Dn 2:4.
[27] Dt 28:53; 2K 6:25; Ps 73:8; Lm 4:5; Ezk 4:13, 15.
[28] 2K 18:19; 2Ch 32:18; Ezr 7:12; Ps 47:2; Is 10:8; 36:13; Ezk 29:3; 31:3; Rv 19:6.
[29] 2Ch 32:11, 15; Ps 73:8; Dn 3:15; 6:16; Jn 19:10; 2Th 2:4, 8.
[30] 2K 18:22; 19:10, 22, 32; Ps 4:2; 11:1; 22:7; 71:9, 11; 125:1; Mt 27:43; Lk 23:35.
[31] Gn 32:20; 33:11; 1K 4:20, 25; Pv 18:16; Zc 3:10.
[32] Ex 3:8; Nu 13:26; 14:8; Dt 8:7; 11:12; 32:13; 2K 17:6, 23; 18:11, 29; 24:14; 25:11.
[33] 2K 19:12, 17; 2Ch 32:14, 19; Is 10:10; 36:18.
[34] Nu 13:21; 2S 8:9; 2K 17:6, 23, 24, 30; 19:12, 13; Is 36:18; 37:11, 18; Jr 49:23.
[35] Ex 5:2; 2K 19:17; 2Ch 32:15; Jb 15:25; Is 10:15; 37:23; Dn 3:15.
[36] Ps 38:13; 39:1; Pv 9:7; 26:4; Am 5:13; Mt 7:6.
[37] Gn 37:29, 34; 2K 5:7; 22:11, 19; Jb 1:20; Is 33:7; 36:21; Jr 36:24; Mt 26:65.


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