NASB — Psalms 39 — KJV

The Vanity of Life.

For the choir director, for Jeduthun. A Psalm of David.

  1 I said, “I will aguard my ways
  That I bmay not sin with my tongue;
  I will guard cmy mouth as with a muzzle
  While the wicked are in my presence.”
  2 I was amute Iand silent,
  I IIrefrained [even] from good,
  And my IIIsorrow grew worse.
  3 My aheart was hot within me,
  While I was musing the fire burned;
  [Then] I spoke with my tongue:
  4 “LORD, make me to know amy end
  And what is the extent of my days;
  Let me know how btransient I am.
  5 “Behold, You have made amy days [as] handbreadths,
  And my blifetime as nothing in Your sight;
  Surely every man Iat his best is IIa mere cbreath.
      IIISelah.
  6 “Surely every man awalks about as Ia phantom;
  Surely they make an buproar for nothing;
  He camasses [riches] and does not know who will gather them.

[1] 1Ch 16:41 a1K 2:4; 2K 10:31; Ps 119:9 bJb 2:10; Ps 34:13; Jm 3:5-12 cPs 141:3; Jm 3:2
[2] ILit with silence IILit kept silence IIILit pain aPs 38:13
[3] aPs 32:4; Jr 20:9; Lk 24:32
[4] aJb 6:11; Ps 90:12; 119:84 bPs 78:39; 103:14
[5] ILit standing firm IIOr altogether vanity IIISelah may mean: Pause, Crescendo or Musical interlude aPs 89:47 bPs 144:4 cJb 14:2; Ps 62:9; Ec 6:12
[6] ILit an image a1Co 7:31; Jm 1:10, 11; 1P 1:24 bPs 127:2; Ec 5:17 cPs 49:10; Ec 2:26; 5:14; Lk 12:20

  7 ¶ “And now, Lord, for what do I wait?
  My ahope is in You.
  8aDeliver me from all my transgressions;
  Make me not the breproach of the foolish.
  9 “I have become amute, I do not open my mouth,
  Because it is bYou who have done [it].
  10aRemove Your plague from me;
  Because of bthe opposition of Your hand I am Iperishing.
  11 “With areproofs You chasten a man for iniquity;
  You bconsume as a moth what is precious to him;
  Surely cevery man is a mere breath.
      Selah.

[7] aPs 38:15
[8] aPs 51:9, 14; 79:9 bPs 44:13; 79:4; 119:22
[9] aPs 39:2 b2S 16:10; Jb 2:10
[10] IOr wasting away aJb 9:34; 13:21 bPs 32:4
[11] aEzk 5:15; 2P 2:16 bJb 13:28; Ps 90:7; Is 50:9 cPs 39:5

  12 ¶ “aHear my prayer, O LORD, and give ear to my cry;
  Do not be silent bat my tears;
  For I am ca stranger with You,
  A dsojourner like all my fathers.
  13aTurn Your gaze away from me, that I may Ismile [again]
  Before I depart and am no more.”

[12] aPs 102:1; 143:1 b2K 20:5; Ps 56:8 cLv 25:23; 1Ch 29:15; Ps 119:19; He 11:13; 1P 2:11 dGn 47:9
[13] IOr become cheerful aJb 7:19; 10:20, 21; 14:6; Ps 102:24


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David's care of his thoughts.

1 ¶ [[To the chief Musician, [even] to Jeduthun, A Psalm of David.]] I said, I will take heed to my ways, that I sin not with my tongue: I will keep my mouth with a bridle, while the wicked is before me. 2 I was dumb with silence, I held my peace, [even] from good; and my sorrow was stirred. 3 My heart was hot within me, while I was musing the fire burned: [then] spake I with my tongue,

[1] 1K 2:4; 2K 10:31; Ps 12:4; 73:8; 119:9; 141:3; Pv 4:26; 18:21; 21:23; Am 5:13; Mi 7:5; Col 4:5; He 2:1; Jm 1:26; 3:2.
[2] Jb 32:19; Ps 38:13; Is 53:7; Mt 7:6; 27:12; Ac 4:20.
[3] Jr 20:9; Ezk 3:14; Lk 24:32.

The consideration of the brevity and vanity of life,

4 LORD, make me to know mine end, and the measure of my days, what it [is; that] I may know how frail I [am]. 5 Behold, thou hast made my days [as] an handbreadth; and mine age [is] as nothing before thee: verily every man at his best state [is] altogether vanity. Selah. 6 Surely every man walketh in a vain shew: surely they are disquieted in vain: he heapeth up [riches], and knoweth not who shall gather them.

[4] Jb 14:13; Ps 90:12; 119:84.
[5] Gn 47:9; Jb 7:6; 9:25; 14:1; Ps 39:11; 62:9; 89:47; 90:4, 9; 144:4; Ec 1:2; 2:11; Is 40:17; Jm 4:14; 2P 3:8.
[6] Jb 27:16; Ps 49:10; Pv 13:22; 23:5; 27:24; Ec 1:14; 2:8, 17, 18, 20, 26; 4:7; 5:14; 6:11; 12:8, 13; Is 55:2; Lk 10:40; 12:20, 29; 1Co 7:31; Jm 4:14; 5:3; 1P 5:7.

the reverence of God's judgments,

7 And now, Lord, what wait I for? my hope [is] in thee. 8 Deliver me from all my transgressions: make me not the reproach of the foolish. 9 I was dumb, I opened not my mouth; because thou didst [it].

[7] Gn 49:18; Jb 13:15; Ps 38:15; 119:81, 166; 130:5; Lk 2:25; Ro 15:13.
[8] 2S 16:7; Ps 25:11, 18; 35:21; 44:13; 51:7, 14; 57:3; 65:3; 79:4; 119:39; 130:8; Jol 2:17, 19; Mi 7:19; Mt 1:21; Ro 2:23; Tit 2:14.
[9] Lv 10:3; 1S 3:18; 2S 16:10; Jb 1:21; 2:10; 40:4; Ps 38:13; Dn 4:35.

and prayer, are his bridles of impatience.

10 Remove thy stroke away from me: I am consumed by the blow of thine hand. 11 When thou with rebukes dost correct man for iniquity, thou makest his beauty to consume away like a moth: surely every man [is] vanity. Selah. 12 Hear my prayer, O LORD, and give ear unto my cry; hold not thy peace at my tears: for I [am] a stranger with thee, [and] a sojourner, as all my fathers [were]. 13 O spare me, that I may recover strength, before I go hence, and be no more.

[10] 1S 6:5; Jb 9:34; 13:21; 40:8; Ps 25:16; 38:3.
[11] Jb 4:19; 13:28; 30:30; Ps 38:1; 39:5; 90:7; 102:10; Is 50:9; Ho 5:12; 1Co 5:5; 11:30; He 12:6; Rv 3:19.
[12] Gn 47:9; Lv 25:23; 2S 16:12; 2K 20:5; 1Ch 29:15; Jb 16:20; Ps 56:8; 116:3; 119:19, 54; 2Co 5:6; He 5:7; 11:13; 1P 1:17; 2:11.
[13] Gn 5:24; 42:36; Jb 10:20; 14:5, 10.


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