NASB — Genesis 49 — KJV

Israel’s Prophecy concerning His Sons

1 Then Jacob summoned his sons and said, “Assemble yourselves that I may tell you what will befall you ain the Idays to come.
  2 “Gather together and hear, O sons of Jacob;
  And alisten to Israel your father.

[1] ILit end of the days aNu 24:14
[2] aPs 34:11

  3 ¶ “Reuben, you are my firstborn;
  My might and athe beginning of my strength,
  IPreeminent in dignity and Ipreeminent in power.
  4IUncontrolled as water, you shall not have preeminence,
  aBecause you went up to your father’s bed;
  Then you defiled [it]—he went up to my couch.

[3] ILit preeminence aDt 21:17; Ps 78:51; 105:36
[4] IOr Boiling over; lit Recklessness aGn 35:22; Dt 27:20; 1Ch 5:1

  5 ¶ “aSimeon and Levi are brothers;
  Their swords are implements of violence.
  6aLet my soul not enter into their council;
  Let not my glory be united with their assembly;
  Because in their anger they slew Imen,
  And in their self-will they lamed IIoxen.
  7 “Cursed be their anger, for it is fierce;
  And their wrath, for it is cruel.
  aI will Idisperse them in Jacob,
  And scatter them in Israel.

[5] aGn 34:25-30
[6] ILit a man IILit an ox aPs 64:2
[7] ILit divide aJsh 19:1, 9; 21:1-42

  8 ¶ “Judah, your brothers shall praise you;
  Your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies;
  aYour father’s sons shall bow down to you.
  9 “Judah is a alion’s whelp;
  From the prey, my son, you have gone up.
  bHe Icouches, he lies down as a lion,
  And as a IIlion, who IIIdares rouse him up?
  10aThe scepter shall not depart from Judah,
  Nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,
  IUntil Shiloh comes,
  And bto him [shall be] the obedience of the peoples.
  11IaHe ties [his] foal to the vine,
  And his donkey’s colt to the choice vine;
  bHe washes his garments in wine,
  And his robes in the blood of grapes.
  12 “His eyes are Idull from wine,
  And his teeth IIwhite from milk.

[8] aGn 27:29; 1Ch 5:2
[9] ILit bows down IIOr lioness IIILit shall aEzk 19:5-7; Mi 5:8 bNu 24:9
[10] IOr Until he comes to Shiloh; or Until he comes to whom it belongs aNu 24:17; Ps 60:7; 108:8 bPs 2:6-9; 72:8-11; Is 42:1, 4; 49:6
[11] ILit Binding of aDt 8:7, 8; 2K 18:32 bIs 63:2
[12] IOr darker than IIOr whiter than

  13 ¶ “aZebulun will dwell at the seashore;
  And he [shall be] Ia haven for ships,
  And his flank [shall be] toward Sidon.

[13] ILit for a shore of ships aDt 33:18, 19

  14 ¶ “Issachar is Ia strong donkey,
  aLying down between the IIsheepfolds.
  15 “When he saw that a resting place was good
  And that the land was pleasant,
  He bowed his shoulder to bear [burdens],
  And became a slave at forced labor.

[14] ILit a donkey of bone IIOr saddlebags aJg 5:16; Ps 68:13

  16 ¶ “aDan shall bjudge his people,
  As one of the tribes of Israel.
  17 “Dan shall be a serpent in the way,
  A horned snake in the path,
  That bites the horse’s heels,
  So that his rider falls backward.
  18aFor Your salvation I wait, O LORD.

[16] aDt 33:22; Jg 18:26, 27 bGn 30:6
[18] aEx 15:2; Ps 25:5; 40:1-3; 119:166, 174; Is 25:9; Mi 7:7

  19 ¶ “aAs for Gad, Iraiders shall raid him,
  But he will raid [at] their IIheels.

[19] ILit a raiding band IILit heel aDt 33:20

  20 ¶ “IaAs for bAsher, his IIfood shall be IIIrich,
  And he will yield royal dainties.

[20] ILit From IIOr bread IIILit fat aDt 33:24, 25 bGn 30:13

  21 ¶ “aNaphtali is a doe let loose,
  He gives beautiful words.

[21] aDt 33:23

  22 ¶ “aJoseph is a fruitful Ibough,
  A fruitful Ibough by a spring;
  [Its] IIbranches run over a wall.
  23 “The archers bitterly attacked him,
  And shot [at him] and harassed him;
  24 But his abow remained Ifirm,
  And IIbhis arms were agile,
  From the hands of the cMighty One of Jacob
  (From there is dthe Shepherd, ethe Stone of Israel),
  25 From athe God of your father who helps you,
  And Ibby the IIAlmighty who blesses you
  [With] cblessings of heaven above,
  Blessings of the deep that lies beneath,
  Blessings of the breasts and of the womb.
  26 “The blessings of your father
  Have surpassed the blessings of my ancestors
  Up to the Iutmost bound of athe everlasting hills;
  May they be on the head of Joseph,
  And on the crown of the head of the one distinguished among his brothers.

[22] ILit son IILit daughters aDt 33:13-17
[24] II.e. in an unyielding position IILit the arms of his hands aJb 29:20 bPs 18:34; 73:23; Is 41:10 cPs 132:2, 5; Is 1:24; 49:26 dPs 23:1; 80:1 ePs 118:22; Is 28:16; 1P 2:6-8
[25] IOr with IIHeb Shaddai aGn 28:13; 32:9 bGn 28:3; 48:3 cGn 27:28
[26] ILit limit; or desire aDt 33:15, 16

  27 ¶ “Benjamin is a Iravenous wolf;
  In the morning he devours the prey,
  And in the evening he divides the spoil.”

[27] ILit a wolf that tears

28 ¶ All these are the twelve tribes of Israel, and this is what their father said to them Iwhen he blessed them. He blessed them, every one IIwith the blessing appropriate to him. 29 Then he charged them and said to them, “I am about to be agathered to my people; bbury me with my fathers in the cave that is in cthe field of Ephron the Hittite, 30 in the acave that is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre, in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought along with the field from Ephron the Hittite for a Iburial site. 31 There they buried aAbraham and his wife bSarah, there they buried cIsaac and his wife Rebekah, and there I buried Leah32 the field and the cave that is in it, purchased from the sons of Heth.” 33 When Jacob finished charging his sons, he drew his feet into the bed and abreathed his last, and was bgathered to his people.

[28] ILit and IILit according to his blessing
[29] aGn 25:8 bGn 47:30 cGn 23:16-20; 50:13
[30] ILit possession of a burial place aGn 23:3-20
[31] aGn 25:9 bGn 23:19 cGn 35:29
[33] aGn 25:8; Ac 7:15 bGn 49:29


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Jacob calleth his sons to bless them.

1 ¶ And Jacob called unto his sons, and said, Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you [that] which shall befall you in the last days. 2 Gather yourselves together, and hear, ye sons of Jacob; and hearken unto Israel your father.

[1] Nu 24:14; Dt 4:30; 31:12, 28, 29; 33:1; Ps 25:14; 105:15; Is 2:2; 22:14; 39:6; 53:1; Jr 23:20; Dn 2:28, 47; 10:1, 14; Am 3:7; Mi 4:1; Lk 2:26; Ac 2:17; Ro 1:17; 1Ti 4:1; 2Ti 3:1; He 1:2; 10:24; 13:1; Rv 4:1.
[2] Ps 34:11; Pv 1:8; 4:1; 5:1; 6:20; 7:1, 24; 8:32; 23:22, 26.

Their blessing in particular.

3 ¶ Reuben, thou [art] my firstborn, my might, and the beginning of my strength, the excellency of dignity, and the excellency of power: 4 Unstable as water, thou shalt not excel; because thou wentest up to thy father's bed; then defiledst thou [it]: he went up to my couch.

[3] Gn 29:32; 46:8; 48:18; Nu 1:20; 26:5; Dt 21:17; 1Ch 2:1; 5:1, 3; Ps 78:51; 105:36.
[4] Gn 35:22; 46:8; Nu 32:1; Dt 5:21; 27:20; 33:6; 1Ch 5:1; 1Co 5:1; Jm 1:6; 2P 2:14; 3:16.

5 ¶ Simeon and Levi [are] brethren; instruments of cruelty [are in] their habitations. 6 O my soul, come not thou into their secret; unto their assembly, mine honour, be not thou united: for in their anger they slew a man, and in their selfwill they digged down a wall. 7 Cursed [be] their anger, for [it was] fierce; and their wrath, for it was cruel: I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel.

[5] Gn 29:33; 34:25, 31; 46:10; Pv 18:9.
[6] Gn 34:25, 30; Dt 27:24; Jg 5:21; Ps 1:1; 5:10; 16:9; 26:4, 9; 28:3; 30:12; 42:5, 11; 43:5; 57:8; 64:2; 94:20; 103:1; 139:19; Pv 1:11, 15; 12:5; Jr 4:19; 15:17; Lk 12:19; 2Co 6:14.
[7] Jsh 19:1; 21:1; 2S 13:15, 22; 1Ch 4:24, 39; 6:65; Pv 26:24; 27:3.

8 ¶ Judah, thou [art he] whom thy brethren shall praise: thy hand [shall be] in the neck of thine enemies; thy father's children shall bow down before thee. 9 Judah [is] a lion's whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up: he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who shall rouse him up? 10 The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him [shall] the gathering of the people [be]. 11 Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass's colt unto the choice vine; he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes: 12 His eyes [shall be] red with wine, and his teeth white with milk.

[8] Gn 27:29; 29:35; 37:7; 42:6; 44:18; 46:12; Nu 1:27; 10:14; 26:22; Dt 33:7; Jsh 10:24; Jg 1:1; 20:18; 2S 5:3; 22:41; 24:9; 1K 4:1; 1Ch 5:2; 12:1; 2Ch 11:12; 14:8; 15:9; 17:2, 14; 30:11; Ps 18:40; 76:1; 78:68; Is 9:7; Ezk 21:29; Phm 1:2, 10; He 7:14; 10:13; Rv 5:5; 11:15.
[9] Nu 23:24; 24:9; Ho 5:4, 14; 1Co 15:24; Rv 5:5.
[10] Nu 21:18; 24:17; Dt 28:57; Ps 60:7; 72:8; 108:8; Is 2:2; 9:6; 11:1, 10, 12; 33:22; 42:1, 3; 49:6, 22; 55:4; 60:1, 3; 62:11; Jr 23:5; 30:21; Ezk 19:11, 14; 21:27; Dn 9:25; Ho 11:12; Hg 2:7; Zc 2:11; 8:20; 10:11; Mt 1:21; 17:5; 21:9; 25:32; Lk 1:32; 2:30; Jn 9:7; 12:32; 18:31; 19:12, 15; Ro 15:12; 2Co 5:10; He 7:14; Rv 11:15.
[11] 1K 4:20, 25; 2K 18:32; Is 63:1; Jol 3:18; Mi 4:4; Rv 7:14; 19:18.
[12] Pv 23:29.

13 ¶ Zebulun shall dwell at the haven of the sea; and he [shall be] for an haven of ships; and his border [shall be] unto Zidon.

[13] Gn 30:20; Dt 33:18; Jsh 19:10.

14 ¶ Issachar [is] a strong ass couching down between two burdens: 15 And he saw that rest [was] good, and the land that [it was] pleasant; and bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a servant unto tribute.

[14] Gn 30:18; Dt 33:18; Jsh 19:17; Jg 5:15; 10:1; 1Ch 12:32.
[15] Jsh 14:15; Jg 3:11; 2S 7:1; Ps 81:6; Ezk 29:18; Mt 23:4.

16 ¶ Dan shall judge his people, as one of the tribes of Israel. 17 Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the path, that biteth the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward. 18 I have waited for thy salvation, O LORD.

[16] Gn 30:6; Nu 10:25; Dt 33:22; Jg 13:2, 24; 15:20; 18:1.
[17] Jg 14:1; 16:22; 18:22; 1Ch 12:35.
[18] Ps 14:7; 25:6; 40:1; 62:1, 5; 85:7; 119:41, 166, 174; 123:2; 130:5; Is 8:17; 25:9; 30:18; 33:2; 36:8; Lm 3:25; Mi 7:7; Mt 1:21; Mk 15:43; Lk 1:30; 2:25, 30; 23:51; Ro 8:19, 25; Ga 5:5; 1Th 1:10.

19 ¶ Gad, a troop shall overcome him: but he shall overcome at the last.

[19] Gn 30:11; 46:16; Nu 32:1; Dt 33:20; Jsh 13:8; Jg 10:1; 1Ch 3:18; 5:11, 26.

20 ¶ Out of Asher his bread [shall be] fat, and he shall yield royal dainties.

[20] Gn 30:13; 46:17; Dt 33:24; Jsh 19:24.

21 ¶ Naphtali [is] a hind let loose: he giveth goodly words.

[21] Gn 30:8; 46:24; Dt 33:23; Jsh 19:32; Jg 4:6, 10; 5:18; Ps 18:33; Mt 4:15.

22 ¶ Joseph [is] a fruitful bough, [even] a fruitful bough by a well; [whose] branches run over the wall: 23 The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot [at him], and hated him: 24 But his bow abode in strength, and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty [God] of Jacob; (from thence [is] the shepherd, the stone of Israel:) 25 [Even] by the God of thy father, who shall help thee; and by the Almighty, who shall bless thee with blessings of heaven above, blessings of the deep that lieth under, blessings of the breasts, and of the womb: 26 The blessings of thy father have prevailed above the blessings of my progenitors unto the utmost bound of the everlasting hills: they shall be on the head of Joseph, and on the crown of the head of him that was separate from his brethren.

[22] Gn 30:22; 41:52; 46:27; 48:1, 5, 16, 19; Nu 32:1; Dt 33:17; Jsh 16:1; 17:14; Ps 1:1; 128:1, 3; Ezk 19:11.
[23] Gn 37:4, 18, 24, 28; 39:7; 42:21; Ps 64:3; 118:13; Jn 16:33; Ac 14:22.
[24] Gn 35:10; 45:5, 7, 11; 47:12; 50:21; Ex 3:6; Nu 27:16; Dt 32:4; 34:9; Jsh 1:1; 24:1; Ne 6:9; Jb 29:20; Ps 18:1, 30, 32, 34; 27:14; 28:8; 37:14; 44:7; 80:1; 89:1; 118:22; 132:2, 5; Is 28:16; 29:24; 60:16; Zc 3:9; 10:12; Mt 21:42; Mk 12:10; Lk 20:17; Ac 4:11; Ro 14:4; Ep 2:20; Col 1:11; 2Ti 4:17; 1P 2:4.
[25] Gn 17:1; 28:13, 21; 35:3, 11; 43:23; Dt 8:17; 28:2, 12; 33:1, 13; Ps 84:11; 85:12; Mt 6:33; 1Co 3:21; Ep 1:3; Php 4:19; 1Ti 4:8.
[26] Gn 27:27, 39; 28:3; 37:28; Nu 6:2; Dt 33:15, 16; Ps 89:36; 105:17; 132:18; Is 54:10; 66:5; Ezk 37:25; Jna 2:6; Hab 3:6; Ac 7:9; Ep 1:3.

27 ¶ Benjamin shall ravin [as] a wolf: in the morning he shall devour the prey, and at night he shall divide the spoil.

[27] Gn 35:18; 46:21; Nu 23:24; Dt 33:12; Jg 3:15; 20:21, 25; 1S 11:4; 14:1; 17:1; Jr 5:6; Ezk 22:25, 27; Ho 13:7; Zp 3:3; Mt 7:15; 10:16; Ac 8:3; 9:1; 20:29; Php 3:5.

28 ¶ All these [are] the twelve tribes of Israel: and this [is it] that their father spake unto them, and blessed them; every one according to his blessing he blessed them.

[28] Gn 35:22; Ex 28:21; Nu 23:24; 1K 18:31; Es 8:7, 9, 11; 9:1; Ezk 39:8; Zc 14:1; Ac 26:7; Jm 1:1; Rv 7:4.

He chargeth them about his burial.

29 And he charged them, and said unto them, I am to be gathered unto my people: bury me with my fathers in the cave that [is] in the field of Ephron the Hittite, 30 In the cave that [is] in the field of Machpelah, which [is] before Mamre, in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought with the field of Ephron the Hittite for a possession of a buryingplace. 31 There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife; there they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife; and there I buried Leah. 32 The purchase of the field and of the cave that [is] therein [was] from the children of Heth.

[29] Gn 15:15; 25:8; 35:29; 47:30; 50:13; 2S 19:37; Ro 12:6; He 12:23.
[30] Gn 23:8.
[31] Gn 23:3, 16; 25:9; 35:29; 47:30; 50:13; Ac 7:16.
[32] Gn 23:17.

He dieth.

33 And when Jacob had made an end of commanding his sons, he gathered up his feet into the bed, and yielded up the ghost, and was gathered unto his people.

[33] Gn 15:5; 25:8, 17; 35:29; 49:1, 24, 29; Jsh 24:27; Jb 5:26; 14:10; 30:23; Ec 12:7; Is 57:1; Lk 2:29; He 11:13, 22; 12:23.


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