NASB — Esther 9 — KJV

The Jews Destroy Their Enemies

1 Now ain the twelfth month (that is, the month Adar), on bthe thirteenth Iday cwhen the king’s command and edict IIwere about to be executed, on the day when the enemies of the Jews hoped to gain the mastery over them, it was turned to the contrary so that the Jews themselves gained the mastery over those who hated them. 2 aThe Jews assembled in their cities throughout all the provinces of King Ahasuerus to lay hands on those who sought their harm; and no one could stand before them, bfor the dread of them had fallen on all the peoples. 3 Even all the princes of the provinces, athe satraps, the governors and those who were doing the king’s business Iassisted the Jews, because the dread of Mordecai had fallen on them. 4 Indeed, Mordecai was great in the king’s house, and his fame spread throughout all the provinces; for the man Mordecai abecame greater and greater. 5 Thus athe Jews struck all their enemies with Ithe sword, killing and destroying; and they did what they pleased to those who hated them. 6 At the citadel in Susa the Jews killed and destroyed five hundred men, 7 and Parshandatha, Dalphon, Aspatha, 8 Poratha, Adalia, Aridatha, 9 Parmashta, Arisai, Aridai and Vaizatha, 10 athe ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Jews’ enemy; but bthey did not lay their hands on the plunder.

[1] ILit day in it IILit drew near aEs 8:12 bEs 9:17 cEs 3:13
[2] aEs 8:11; 9:15-18 bEs 8:17
[3] ILit lifted up aEzr 8:36
[4] a2S 3:1; 1Ch 11:9
[5] ILit the stroke of aEs 3:13
[10] aEs 5:11 bEs 8:11

11 ¶ On that day the number of those who were killed at the citadel in Susa Iwas reported to the king. 12 The king said to Queen Esther, “The Jews have killed and destroyed five hundred men and the ten sons of Haman at the citadel in Susa. What then have they done in the rest of the king’s provinces! aNow what is your petition? It shall even be granted you. And what is your further request? It shall also be done.” 13 Then said Esther, “If it pleases the king, alet tomorrow also be granted to the Jews who are in Susa to do according to the edict of today; and let Haman’s ten sons be hanged on the gallows.” 14 So the king commanded that it should be done so; and an edict was issued in Susa, and Haman’s ten sons were hanged. 15 The Jews who were in Susa assembled also on the fourteenth day of the month Adar and killed athree hundred men in Susa, but bthey did not lay their hands on the plunder.

[11] ILit came
[12] aEs 5:6; 7:2
[13] aEs 8:11; 9:15
[15] aEs 9:12 bEs 9:10

16 ¶ Now athe rest of the Jews who [were] in the king’s provinces bassembled, to defend their lives and Irid themselves of their enemies, and kill 75,000 of those who hated them; but they did not lay their hands on the plunder. 17 [This was done] on athe thirteenth day of the month Adar, and bon the fourteenth Iday they rested and made it a day of feasting and rejoicing.

[16] ILit have rest from aEs 9:2 bLv 26:7, 8; Es 8:11
[17] ILit in it aEs 9:1 bEs 9:21

18 ¶ But the Jews who were in Susa aassembled on the thirteenth and bthe fourteenth Iof the same month, and they rested on the fifteenth Iday and made it a day of feasting and rejoicing. 19 Therefore the Jews of the rural areas, who live in athe rural towns, make the fourteenth day of the month Adar [a] Ibholiday for rejoicing and feasting and csending portions [of food] to one another.

[18] ILit in it aEs 8:11; 9:2 bEs 9:21
[19] ILit rejoicing and feasting and a good day and sending aDt 3:5; Zc 2:4 bEs 9:22 cNe 8:10

The Feast of Purim Instituted

20 ¶ Then Mordecai recorded these events, and he sent letters to all the Jews who were in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus, both near and far, 21 obliging them to celebrate the fourteenth day of the month Adar, and the fifteenth day Iof the same month, annually, 22 because on those days the Jews Irid themselves of their enemies, and [it was a] month which was aturned for them from sorrow into gladness and from mourning into a IIholiday; that they should make them days of feasting and rejoicing and bsending portions [of food] to one another and gifts to the poor.

[21] ILit in it
[22] ILit had rest from IILit good day aPs 30:11 bNe 8:12

23 ¶ Thus the Jews undertook what they had started to do, and what Mordecai had written to them. 24 For Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the adversary of all the Jews, had schemed against the Jews to destroy them and ahad cast Pur, that is the lot, to disturb them and destroy them. 25 But awhen it came Ito the king’s attention, he commanded by letter bthat his wicked scheme which he had IIdevised against the Jews, cshould return on his own head and that he and his sons should be hanged on the IIIgallows. 26 Therefore they called these days Purim after the name of Pur. IAnd abecause of the instructions in this letter, both what they had seen in this regard and what had happened to them, 27 the Jews established and Imade a custom for themselves and for their IIdescendants and for aall those who allied themselves with them, so that IIIthey would not fail bto celebrate these two days according to their IVregulation and according to their appointed time annually. 28 So these days were to be remembered and celebrated throughout every generation, every family, every province and every city; and these days of Purim were not to Ifail from among the Jews, or their memory IIfade from their IIIdescendants.

[24] aEs 3:7
[25] ILit before the king, he IILit schemed IIILit tree aEs 7:4-10 bEs 3:6-15 cPs 7:16
[26] ILit Therefore because of all the words aEs 9:20
[27] ILit received IILit seed IIILit it should not pass away IVLit writing aEs 8:17 bEs 9:20, 21
[28] ILit pass away IILit end IIILit seed

29 ¶ Then Queen Esther, adaughter of Abihail, with Mordecai the Jew, wrote with full authority to confirm bthis second letter about Purim. 30 He sent letters to all the Jews, ato the 127 provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, [namely], words of peace and truth, 31 to establish these days of Purim at their appointed times, just as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had established for them, and just as they had established for themselves and for their Idescendants with IIinstructions afor their times of fasting and their lamentations. 32 The command of Esther established these Icustoms for aPurim, and it was written in the book.

[29] aEs 2:15 bEs 9:20, 21
[30] aEs 1:1
[31] ILit seed IILit words aEs 4:3
[32] ILit words aEs 9:26


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The Jews (the rulers, for fear of Mordecai, helping them) slay their enemies, with the ten sons of Haman.

1 ¶ Now in the twelfth month, that [is], the month Adar, on the thirteenth day of the same, when the king's commandment and his decree drew near to be put in execution, in the day that the enemies of the Jews hoped to have power over them, (though it was turned to the contrary, that the Jews had rule over them that hated them;) 2 The Jews gathered themselves together in their cities throughout all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, to lay hand on such as sought their hurt: and no man could withstand them; for the fear of them fell upon all people. 3 And all the rulers of the provinces, and the lieutenants, and the deputies, and officers of the king, helped the Jews; because the fear of Mordecai fell upon them. 4 For Mordecai [was] great in the king's house, and his fame went out throughout all the provinces: for this man Mordecai waxed greater and greater. 5 Thus the Jews smote all their enemies with the stroke of the sword, and slaughter, and destruction, and did what they would unto those that hated them. 6 And in Shushan the palace the Jews slew and destroyed five hundred men. 7 And Parshandatha, and Dalphon, and Aspatha, 8 And Poratha, and Adalia, and Aridatha, 9 And Parmashta, and Arisai, and Aridai, and Vajezatha, 10 The ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the enemy of the Jews, slew they; but on the spoil laid they not their hand. 11 On that day the number of those that were slain in Shushan the palace was brought before the king.

[1] Dt 32:36; 2S 22:41; Es 3:7, 13; 8:12; Ps 30:11; Is 14:1; 60:14; Ac 12:11; Rv 11:18.
[2] Gn 35:5; Ex 23:27; Dt 2:30; Jsh 2:9; 11:20; Es 8:11, 17; 9:10, 16; Ps 71:13, 24; Is 8:9.
[3] Ezr 8:36; Es 3:2, 12; 8:5, 9; Dn 3:2; 6:1.
[4] Jsh 6:27; 1S 2:30; 2S 3:1; 1Ch 11:9; 14:17; Ps 1:3; 18:43; Pv 4:18; Is 9:7; Zp 3:19; Mt 4:24.
[5] Ps 18:34, 47; 20:7; 149:6; Jr 18:21; 2Th 1:6.
[6] Es 3:15.
[10] Gn 14:23; Ex 17:16; 20:5; Es 3:1; 5:11; 7:4, 6; 8:11; 9:15; Jb 18:18; 27:13; Ps 21:10; 109:12; Ro 12:17; Php 4:8.
[11] Es 9:11.

Ahasuerus, at the request of Esther, granteth another day of slaughter, and Haman's sons to be hanged.

12 ¶ And the king said unto Esther the queen, The Jews have slain and destroyed five hundred men in Shushan the palace, and the ten sons of Haman; what have they done in the rest of the king's provinces? now what [is] thy petition? and it shall be granted thee: or what [is] thy request further? and it shall be done. 13 Then said Esther, If it please the king, let it be granted to the Jews which [are] in Shushan to do to morrow also according unto this day's decree, and let Haman's ten sons be hanged upon the gallows. 14 And the king commanded it so to be done: and the decree was given at Shushan; and they hanged Haman's ten sons. 15 For the Jews that [were] in Shushan gathered themselves together on the fourteenth day also of the month Adar, and slew three hundred men at Shushan; but on the prey they laid not their hand. 16 But the other Jews that [were] in the king's provinces gathered themselves together, and stood for their lives, and had rest from their enemies, and slew of their foes seventy and five thousand, but they laid not their hands on the prey, 17 On the thirteenth day of the month Adar; and on the fourteenth day of the same rested they, and made it a day of feasting and gladness. 18 But the Jews that [were] at Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth [day] thereof, and on the fourteenth thereof; and on the fifteenth [day] of the same they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness. 19 Therefore the Jews of the villages, that dwelt in the unwalled towns, made the fourteenth day of the month Adar [a day of] gladness and feasting, and a good day, and of sending portions one to another.

[12] Es 5:6; 7:2.
[13] Dt 21:23; 2S 21:6, 9; Es 8:11; Ga 3:13.
[15] Es 8:11; 9:2, 10, 13, 16; Ps 118:7; 1Th 5:22; He 13:5.
[16] Lv 26:7; Es 8:11; 9:2.
[17] Es 3:12; 8:9; 9:1, 18, 21.
[18] Es 9:1, 11, 13, 15.
[19] Dt 16:11, 14; Ne 8:10; Es 8:17; 9:22; Ps 118:11; Lk 11:41; Rv 11:10.

The two days of Purim are made festival.

20 ¶ And Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters unto all the Jews that [were] in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, [both] nigh and far, 21 To stablish [this] among them, that they should keep the fourteenth day of the month Adar, and the fifteenth day of the same, yearly, 22 As the days wherein the Jews rested from their enemies, and the month which was turned unto them from sorrow to joy, and from mourning into a good day: that they should make them days of feasting and joy, and of sending portions one to another, and gifts to the poor. 23 And the Jews undertook to do as they had begun, and as Mordecai had written unto them; 24 Because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had devised against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur, that [is], the lot, to consume them, and to destroy them; 25 But when [Esther] came before the king, he commanded by letters that his wicked device, which he devised against the Jews, should return upon his own head, and that he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows. 26 Wherefore they called these days Purim after the name of Pur. Therefore for all the words of this letter, and [of that] which they had seen concerning this matter, and which had come unto them, 27 The Jews ordained, and took upon them, and upon their seed, and upon all such as joined themselves unto them, so as it should not fail, that they would keep these two days according to their writing, and according to their [appointed] time every year; 28 And [that] these days [should be] remembered and kept throughout every generation, every family, every province, and every city; and [that] these days of Purim should not fail from among the Jews, nor the memorial of them perish from their seed. 29 Then Esther the queen, the daughter of Abihail, and Mordecai the Jew, wrote with all authority, to confirm this second letter of Purim. 30 And he sent the letters unto all the Jews, to the hundred twenty and seven provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, [with] words of peace and truth, 31 To confirm these days of Purim in their times [appointed], according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as they had decreed for themselves and for their seed, the matters of the fastings and their cry. 32 And the decree of Esther confirmed these matters of Purim; and it was written in the book.

[20] Ex 17:14; Dt 31:19; 1Ch 16:12; Es 1:1, 22; 3:12; 8:9; Ps 124:1; 145:4; 2Co 1:10.
[22] Ex 13:3; Ne 8:10; Es 3:12; 9:19; Ps 30:11; 103:2; Is 12:1; 14:3; Mt 5:4; Lk 11:41; Jn 16:20; Ac 2:44; Ga 2:10.
[24] Es 3:5, 7; 9:10.
[25] Es 7:5; 8:1; 9:13; Ps 7:16; 109:17; 140:9; 141:10; Mt 21:44.
[26] Nu 16:40; Es 9:20; Ezk 39:11.
[27] Dt 5:3; 29:14; Jsh 9:15; 1S 30:25; 2S 21:1; Es 8:17; Is 56:3, 6; Zc 2:11; 8:23.
[28] Ex 12:17; 13:8; Jsh 4:7; Ps 78:5; 103:2; Zc 6:14.
[29] Es 3:15; 8:10; 9:20.
[30] Es 1:1; 8:9; Is 39:8; Zc 8:19.
[31] Es 4:3, 16; 9:27; Jna 3:2.


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