The Jews Destroy Their Enemies
1 Now ain the twelfth°° month° (that is, the month° Adar°), on bthe thirteenth°° Iday° cwhen° the king’s° command° and edict° IIwere about to be executed°, on the day° when° the enemies° of the Jews° hoped° to gain° the mastery° over° them, it was turned° to the contrary so that the Jews° themselves° gained° the mastery° over° those who hated° them. 2 aThe Jews° assembled° in their cities° throughout all° the provinces° of King° Ahasuerus° to lay° hands° on those who sought° their harm°; and no° one° could stand° before° them, bfor the dread° of them had fallen° on all° the peoples°. 3 Even all° the princes° of the provinces°, athe satraps°, the governors° and those who were doing° the king’s° business° Iassisted° the Jews°, because° the dread° of Mordecai° had fallen° on them. 4 Indeed°, Mordecai° was great° in the king’s° house°, and his fame° spread° throughout all° the provinces°; for the man° Mordecai° abecame° greater° and greater°. 5 Thus athe Jews° struck° all° their enemies° with Ithe sword°, killing° and destroying°; and they did° what° they pleased° to those who hated° them. 6 At the citadel° in Susa° the Jews° killed° and destroyed° five° hundred° men°, 7 and Parshandatha°, Dalphon°, Aspatha°, 8 Poratha°, Adalia°, Aridatha°, 9 Parmashta°, Arisai°, Aridai° and Vaizatha°, 10 athe ten° sons° of Haman° the son° of Hammedatha°, the Jews’° enemy°; but bthey did not lay° their hands° on the plunder°.
 ILit day in it IILit drew near aEs 8:12 bEs 9:17 cEs 3:13
 aEs 8:11; 9:15-18 bEs 8:17
 ILit lifted up aEzr 8:36
 a2S 3:1; 1Ch 11:9
 ILit the stroke of aEs 3:13
 aEs 5:11 bEs 8:11
11 ¶ On that day° the number° of those who were killed° at the citadel° in Susa° Iwas reported° to the king°. 12 The king° said° to Queen° Esther°, “The Jews° have killed° and destroyed° five° hundred° men° and the ten° sons° of Haman° at the citadel° in Susa°. What° then have they done° in the rest° of the king’s° provinces°! aNow what° is your petition°? It shall even be granted° you. And what° is your further° request°? It shall also be done°.” 13 Then said° Esther°, “If° it pleases°° the king°, alet tomorrow° also° be granted° to the Jews° who° are in Susa° to do° according to the edict° of today°; and let Haman’s° ten° sons° be hanged° on the gallows°.” 14 So the king° commanded° that it should be done° so°; and an edict° was issued° in Susa°, and Haman’s° ten° sons° were hanged°. 15 The Jews° who° were in Susa° assembled° also° on the fourteenth°° day° of the month° Adar° and killed° athree° hundred° men° in Susa°, but bthey did not lay° their hands° on the plunder°.
16 ¶ Now athe rest° of the Jews° who° [were] in the king’s° provinces° bassembled°, to defend° their lives° and Irid° themselves° of their enemies°, and kill° 75,000°°° of those who hated° them; but they did not lay° their hands° on the plunder°. 17 [This was done] on athe thirteenth°° day° of the month° Adar°, and bon the fourteenth°° Iday they rested° and made° it a day° of feasting° and rejoicing°.
18 ¶ But the Jews° who° were in Susa° aassembled° on the thirteenth°° and bthe fourteenth°° Iof the same month, and they rested° on the fifteenth°° Iday and made° it a day° of feasting° and rejoicing°. 19 Therefore°° the Jews° of the rural° areas°, who live° in athe rural° towns°, make° the fourteenth°° day° of the month° Adar° [a] Ibholiday°° for rejoicing° and feasting° and csending° portions° [of food] to one° another°.
 ILit in it aEs 8:11; 9:2 bEs 9:21
 ILit rejoicing and feasting and a good day and sending aDt 3:5; Zc 2:4 bEs 9:22 cNe 8:10
The Feast of Purim Instituted
20 ¶ Then Mordecai° recorded° these° events°, and he sent° letters° to all° the Jews° who° were in all° the provinces° of King° Ahasuerus°, both near° and far°, 21 obliging°° them to celebrate° the fourteenth°° day° of the month° Adar°, and the fifteenth°° day° Iof the same month, annually°°, 22 because on those days° the Jews° Irid° themselves° of their enemies°, and [it was a] month° which° was aturned° for them from sorrow° into gladness° and from mourning° into a IIholiday°°; that they should make° them days° of feasting° and rejoicing° and bsending° portions° [of food] to one° another° and gifts° to the poor°.
23 ¶ Thus the Jews° undertook° what° they had started° to do°, and what° Mordecai° had written° to them. 24 For Haman° the son° of Hammedatha°, the Agagite°, the adversary° of all° the Jews°, had schemed° against° the Jews° to destroy° them and ahad cast° Pur°, that is the lot°, to disturb° them and destroy° them. 25 But awhen it came° Ito the king’s° attention°, he commanded° by letter° bthat his wicked° scheme° which° he had IIdevised° against° the Jews°, cshould return° on his own head° and that he and his sons° should be hanged° on the IIIgallows°. 26 Therefore°° they called° these° days° Purim° after° the name° of Pur°. IAnd abecause° of the instructions° in this° letter°, both what° they had seen° in this° regard° and what° had happened° to them, 27 the Jews° established° and Imade° a custom° for themselves and for their IIdescendants° and for aall° those who allied° themselves with them, so that IIIthey would not fail° bto celebrate° these° two° days° according to their IVregulation° and according to their appointed° time° annually°°. 28 So these° days° were to be remembered° and celebrated° throughout every° generation°, every° family°, every° province° and every° city°; and these° days° of Purim° were not to Ifail° from among° the Jews°, or their memory° IIfade° from their IIIdescendants°.
 aEs 3:7
 ILit before the king, he IILit schemed IIILit tree aEs 7:4-10 bEs 3:6-15 cPs 7:16
 ILit Therefore because of all the words aEs 9:20
 ILit received IILit seed IIILit it should not pass away IVLit writing aEs 8:17 bEs 9:20, 21
 ILit pass away IILit end IIILit seed
29 ¶ Then Queen° Esther°, adaughter° of Abihail°, with Mordecai° the Jew°, wrote° with full° authority° to confirm° bthis° second° letter° about Purim°. 30 He sent° letters° to all° the Jews°, ato the 127°°° provinces° of the kingdom° of Ahasuerus°, [namely], words° of peace° and truth°, 31 to establish° these° days° of Purim° at their appointed° times°, just° as Mordecai° the Jew° and Queen° Esther° had established° for them, and just° as they had established° for themselves° and for their Idescendants° with IIinstructions° afor their times° of fasting° and their lamentations°. 32 The command° of Esther° established° these° Icustoms° for aPurim°, and it was written° in the book°.
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The Jews (the rulers, for fear of Mordecai, helping them) slay their enemies, with the ten sons of Haman.
1 ¶ Now in the twelfthºº month,º that² [is], the monthº Adar,º on the thirteenthºº dayº of the same, when² the king'sº commandmentº and his decreeº drew nearºª to be put in execution,ºª in the dayº that² the enemiesºª of the Jewsº hopedºª to have powerºª over them, (though it² was turned¹ª to the contrary,² that² the Jewsº had rule¹ª over² them² that hatedºª them;) 2 The Jewsº gathered themselves togetherºª in their citiesº throughout all² the provincesº of the kingº Ahasuerus,º to layºª handº on such as soughtºª their hurt:º and no² manº could withstandºª them;¹ for² the fearº of them fellºª upon² all² people.º 3 And all² the rulersº of the provinces,º and the lieutenants,º and the deputies,º and officersººª of² the king,º helpedºª² the Jews;º because² the fearº of Mordecaiº fellºª upon² them. 4 For² Mordecaiº [was] greatº in the king'sº house,º and his fameº went outºª throughout all² the provinces:º for² this manº Mordecaiº waxedºª greater and greater.º 5 Thus the Jewsº smoteºª all² their enemiesºª with the strokeº of the sword,º and slaughter,º and destruction,º and didºª what they wouldº unto those that hatedºª them. 6 And in Shushanº the palaceº the Jewsº slewºª and destroyedºª fiveº hundredº men.º 7 And Parshandatha,º and Dalphon,º and Aspatha,º 8 And Poratha,º and Adalia,º and Aridatha,º 9 And Parmashta,º and Arisai,º and Aridai,º and Vajezatha,º 10 The tenº sonsº of Hamanº the sonº of Hammedatha,º the enemyºª of the Jews,º slewºª they; but on the spoilº laidºª they not²² their hand.º 11 On that² dayº the numberº of those that were slainºª in Shushanº the palaceº was broughtºª beforeº the king.º
 Dt 32:36; 2S 22:41; Es 3:7, 13; 8:12; Ps 30:11; Is 14:1; 60:14; Ac 12:11; Rv 11:18.
 Gn 35:5; Ex 23:27; Dt 2:30; Jsh 2:9; 11:20; Es 8:11, 17; 9:10, 16; Ps 71:13, 24; Is 8:9.
 Ezr 8:36; Es 3:2, 12; 8:5, 9; Dn 3:2; 6:1.
 Jsh 6:27; 1S 2:30; 2S 3:1; 1Ch 11:9; 14:17; Ps 1:3; 18:43; Pv 4:18; Is 9:7; Zp 3:19; Mt 4:24.
 Ps 18:34, 47; 20:7; 149:6; Jr 18:21; 2Th 1:6.
 Es 3:15.
 Gn 14:23; Ex 17:16; 20:5; Es 3:1; 5:11; 7:4, 6; 8:11; 9:15; Jb 18:18; 27:13; Ps 21:10; 109:12; Ro 12:17; Php 4:8.
 Es 9:11.
Ahasuerus, at the request of Esther, granteth another day of slaughter, and Haman's sons to be hanged.
12 ¶ And the kingº saidºª unto Estherº the queen,º The Jewsº have slainºª and destroyedºª fiveº hundredº menº in Shushanº the palace,º and the tenº sonsº of Haman;º what² have they doneºª in the restº of the king'sº provinces?º now what² [is] thy petition?º and it shall be grantedºª thee: or what² [is] thy requestº further?º and it shall be done.ºª 13 Then saidºª Esther,º If² it please¹²² the king,º let it be grantedºª to the Jewsº which² [are] in Shushanº to doºª to morrowº also² according unto this day'sº decree,º and let Haman'sº tenº sonsº be hangedºª upon² the gallows.º 14 And the kingº commandedºª it so² to be done:ºª and the decreeº was givenºª at Shushan;º and they hangedºª Haman'sº tenº sons.º 15 For the Jewsº that² [were] in Shushanº gathered themselves togetherºª on the fourteenthºº dayº also² of the monthº Adar,º and slewºª threeº hundredº menº at Shushan;º but on the preyº they laidºª not²² their hand.º 16 But the otherº Jewsº that² [were] in the king'sº provincesº gathered themselves together,ºª and stoodºª for² their lives,º and had rest¹² from their enemies,ºª² and slewºª of their foesºª seventyº and fiveº thousand,º but they laidºª not²² their handsº on the prey,º 17 On the thirteenthºº dayº of the monthº Adar;º and on the fourteenthºº day of the same rested¹² they, and madeºª it a dayº of feastingº and gladness.º 18 But the Jewsº that² [were] at Shushanº assembled togetherºª on the thirteenthºº [day] thereof, and on the fourteenthºº thereof; and on the fifteenthºº [day] of the same they rested,¹² and madeºª it a dayº of feastingº and gladness.º 19 Therefore²² the Jewsº of the villages,º that dweltºª in the unwalledº towns,º madeºª² the fourteenthºº dayº of the monthº Adarº [a day of] gladnessº and feasting,º and a goodº day,º and of sendingº portionsº oneº to another.º
 Es 5:6; 7:2.
 Dt 21:23; 2S 21:6, 9; Es 8:11; Ga 3:13.
 Es 8:11; 9:2, 10, 13, 16; Ps 118:7; 1Th 5:22; He 13:5.
 Lv 26:7; Es 8:11; 9:2.
 Es 3:12; 8:9; 9:1, 18, 21.
 Es 9:1, 11, 13, 15.
 Dt 16:11, 14; Ne 8:10; Es 8:17; 9:22; Ps 118:11; Lk 11:41; Rv 11:10.
The two days of Purim are made festival.
20 ¶ And Mordecaiº wroteºª² these² things,º and sentºª lettersº unto² all² the Jewsº that² [were] in all² the provincesº of the kingº Ahasuerus,º [both] nighº and far,º 21 To stablishºª [this] among² them, that they should² keepºª² the fourteenthºº dayº of the monthº Adar,º and the fifteenthºº dayº of the same, yearly,º² 22 As the daysº wherein² the Jewsº restedºª from their enemies,ºª² and the monthº which² was turnedºª unto them from sorrowº² to joy,º and from mourningº² into a goodº day:º that they should makeºª them daysº of feastingº and joy,º and of sendingº portionsº oneº to another,º and giftsº to the poor.º 23 And the Jewsº undertookºª to doºª² as² they had begun,ºª and as² Mordecaiº had writtenºª unto² them; 24 Because² Hamanº the sonº of Hammedatha,º the Agagite,º the enemyºª of all² the Jews,º had devisedºª against² the Jewsº to destroyºª them, and had castºª Pur,º that² [is], the lot,º to consumeºª them, and to destroyºª them; 25 But when [Esther] cameºª beforeº the king,º he commandedºª by² lettersº that his wickedº device,º which² he devisedºª against² the Jews,º should returnºª upon² his own head,º and that he and his sonsº should be hangedºª on² the gallows.º 26 Wherefore²² they calledºª these² daysº Purimº after² the nameº of Pur.º Therefore²² for² all² the wordsº of this² letter,º and [of that] which² they had seenºª concerning² this matter,º and which² had comeºª unto² them, 27 The Jewsº ordained,ºª and tookºª upon² them, and upon² their seed,º and upon² all² such as joined¹ª themselves² unto² them, so as it should not² fail,ºª that they would keepºª² these² twoº daysº according to their writing,º and according to their [appointed]² time¹ every² year;º 28 And [that] these² daysº [should be] rememberedºª and keptºª throughout¹ every² generation,º every family,º every province,º and every city;º and [that] these² daysº of Purimº should not² failºª from amongº² the Jews,º nor² the memorialº of them perishºª from their seed.º² 29 Then Estherº the queen,º the daughterº of Abihail,º and Mordecaiº the Jew,º wroteºª with² all² authority,º to confirmºª² this² secondº letterº of Purim.º 30 And he sentºª the lettersº unto² all² the Jews,º to² the hundredº twentyº and sevenº provincesº of the kingdomº of Ahasuerus,º [with] wordsº of peaceº and truth,º 31 To confirmºª² these² daysº of Purimº in their timesº [appointed], according as² Mordecaiº the Jewº and Estherº the queenº had enjoinedºª² them, and as² they had decreedºª for² themselvesº and for² their seed,º the mattersº of the fastingsº and their cry.º 32 And the decreeº of Estherº confirmedºª these² mattersº of Purim;º and it was writtenºª in the book.º
 Ex 17:14; Dt 31:19; 1Ch 16:12; Es 1:1, 22; 3:12; 8:9; Ps 124:1; 145:4; 2Co 1:10.
 Ex 13:3; Ne 8:10; Es 3:12; 9:19; Ps 30:11; 103:2; Is 12:1; 14:3; Mt 5:4; Lk 11:41; Jn 16:20; Ac 2:44; Ga 2:10.
 Es 3:5, 7; 9:10.
 Es 7:5; 8:1; 9:13; Ps 7:16; 109:17; 140:9; 141:10; Mt 21:44.
 Nu 16:40; Es 9:20; Ezk 39:11.
 Dt 5:3; 29:14; Jsh 9:15; 1S 30:25; 2S 21:1; Es 8:17; Is 56:3, 6; Zc 2:11; 8:23.
 Ex 12:17; 13:8; Jsh 4:7; Ps 78:5; 103:2; Zc 6:14.
 Es 3:15; 8:10; 9:20.
 Es 1:1; 8:9; Is 39:8; Zc 8:19.
 Es 4:3, 16; 9:27; Jna 3:2.
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