NASB — Exodus 20 — KJV

The Ten Commandments

1 Then God spoke all these words, saying,

2 ¶ “aI am the LORD your God, bwho brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of Islavery.

[2] ILit slaves aLv 26:1; Dt 5:6; Ps 81:10 bEx 13:3; 15:13, 16; Dt 7:8

3 ¶ “aYou shall have no other bgods Ibefore Me.

[3] IOr besides Me aDt 6:14; 2K 17:35; Jr 25:6; 35:15 bEx 15:11; 20:23

4 ¶ “aYou shall not make for yourself Ian idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth. 5 aYou shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the LORD your God, am a bjealous God, cvisiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate Me, 6 but showing lovingkindness to athousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments.

[4] IOr a graven image aLv 19:4; 26:1; Dt 4:15-19; 27:15
[5] aEx 23:24; Jsh 23:7; 2K 17:35 bEx 34:14; Dt 4:24; Jsh 24:19; Na 1:2 cEx 34:6, 7; Nu 14:18, 33; Dt 5:9, 10; 1K 21:29; Jr 32:18
[6] aDt 7:9

7 ¶ “aYou shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not Ileave him unpunished who takes His name in vain.

[7] IOr hold him guiltless aLv 19:12; Dt 6:13; 10:20

8 ¶ “Remember athe sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9 aSix days you shall labor and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is a sabbath of the LORD your God; [in it] ayou shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter, your male or your female servant or your cattle or your sojourner who Istays with you. 11 aFor in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day and made it holy.

[8] aEx 23:12; 31:13-16; Lv 26:2; Dt 5:12
[9] aEx 34:21; 35:2, 3; Lv 23:3; Dt 5:13; Lk 13:14
[10] ILit is in your gates aNe 13:16-19
[11] aGn 2:2, 3; Ex 31:17

12 ¶ “aHonor your father and your mother, that your bdays may be prolonged in the land which the LORD your God gives you.

[12] aLv 19:3; Dt 27:16; Mt 15:4; 19:19; Mk 7:10; 10:19; Lk 18:20; Ep 6:2 bDt 5:16, 33; 6:2; 11:8, 9; Jr 35:7

13 ¶ “aYou shall not murder.

[13] aGn 9:6; Ex 21:12; Lv 24:17; Mt 5:21; 19:18; Mk 10:19; Lk 18:20; Ro 13:9; Jm 2:11

14 ¶ “aYou shall not commit adultery.

[14] aLv 20:10; Dt 5:18; Mt 5:27; 19:18; Ro 13:9

15 ¶ “aYou shall not steal.

[15] aEx 21:16; Lv 19:11, 13; Mt 19:18; Ro 13:9

16 ¶ “aYou shall not bear false witness against your bneighbor.

[16] aEx 23:1, 7; Dt 5:20; Mt 19:18 bLv 19:18

17 ¶ “aYou shall not covet your neighbor’s house; byou shall not covet your neighbor’s wife or his male servant or his female servant or his ox or his donkey or anything that belongs to your neighbor.”

[17] aDt 5:21; Ro 7:7; 13:9; Ep 5:3, 5 bPv 6:29; Mt 5:28

18aAll the people perceived the Ithunder and the lightning flashes and the sound of the trumpet and the mountain smoking; and when the people saw [it], they trembled and stood at a distance. 19 aThen they said to Moses, “Speak Ito us yourself and we will listen; but let not God speak Ito us, or we will die.” 20 Moses said to the people, “aDo not be afraid; for God has come in order bto test you, and in order that cthe fear of Him may Iremain with you, so that you may not sin.” 21 So the people stood at a distance, while Moses approached athe thick cloud where God [was].

[18] ILit sounds aEx 19:16, 18; He 12:18, 19
[19] ILit with aDt 5:5, 23-27; Ga 3:19; He 12:19
[20] ILit be before aEx 14:13; Is 41:10, 13 bEx 15:25; Dt 13:3 cDt 4:10; 6:24; Pv 3:7; 16:6; Is 8:13
[21] aEx 19:16; Dt 5:22

22 ¶ Then the LORD said to Moses, “Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, ‘You yourselves have seen that aI have spoken Ito you from heaven. 23 aYou shall not make [other gods] besides Me; bgods of silver or gods of gold, you shall not make for yourselves. 24 You shall make aan altar of earth for Me, and you shall sacrifice on it your bburnt offerings and your cpeace offerings, dyour sheep and your oxen; in every place ewhere I cause My name to be remembered, I will come to you and bless you. 25 If you make an altar of stone for Me, ayou shall not build it of cut stones, for if you wield your tool on it, you will profane it. 26 And you shall not go up by steps to My altar, so that ayour nakedness will not be exposed on it.’

[22] ILit with aDt 4:36; 5:24, 26; Ne 9:13
[23] aEx 20:3 bEx 32:1, 2, 4; Dt 29:17
[24] aEx 20:25; 27:1-8 bEx 10:25; 18:12 cEx 24:5; Lv 1:2 dDt 12:5; 16:6, 11; 26:2; 2Ch 6:6 eDt 12:5; 26:2
[25] aDt 27:5, 6; Jsh 8:31
[26] aEx 28:42, 43


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The Ten Commandments.

1 ¶ And God spake all these words, saying, 2 I [am] the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. 3 Thou shalt have no other gods before me. 4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness [of any thing] that [is] in heaven above, or that [is] in the earth beneath, or that [is] in the water under the earth: 5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God [am] a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth [generation] of them that hate me; 6 And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments. 7 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. 8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: 10 But the seventh day [is] the sabbath of the LORD thy God: [in it] thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that [is] within thy gates: 11 For [in] six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them [is], and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.

[1] Dt 4:33, 36; 5:4, 22; Ac 7:38, 53.
[2] Gn 17:7; Ex 10:1; 13:3; Lv 19:36; 23:43; 26:1, 13; Dt 5:6, 15; 6:4; 7:8; 13:10; 15:15; 26:6; 2Ch 28:5; Ps 50:7; 81:10; Jr 31:1, 33; Ho 13:4; Ro 3:29; 10:12.
[3] Ex 15:11; Dt 5:7; 6:5, 14; Jsh 24:18; 2K 17:29; Ps 29:2; 73:25; 81:9; Is 26:4; 43:10; 44:8; 45:21; 46:9; Jr 25:6; 35:15; Mt 4:10; 1Co 8:4, 6; Ep 5:5; Php 3:19; Col 2:18; 1Jn 5:20; Rv 19:10; 22:9.
[4] Ex 32:1, 8, 23; 34:17; Lv 19:4; 26:1; Dt 4:15, 23; 5:8; 27:15; 1K 12:28; 2Ch 33:7; Ps 97:7; 115:4; 135:15; Is 40:18; 42:8, 17; 44:9; 45:16; 46:5; Jr 10:3, 8, 14; Ezk 8:10; Ac 17:29; 19:26; Ro 1:23; Rv 9:20; 13:14; 14:9; 16:2.
[5] Ex 23:24; 34:7, 14; Lv 20:5; 26:1, 29, 39; Nu 14:18, 33; Dt 4:24; 6:15; 7:10; 32:21, 41; Jsh 23:7, 16; 24:19; Jg 2:19; 1S 15:2; 2S 21:1, 6; 1K 21:29; 2K 17:35, 41; 23:26; 2Ch 25:14; Jb 5:4; 21:19; Ps 78:58; 79:8; 81:15; 109:14; Pv 6:34; 8:36; Is 14:20; 44:15, 19; 65:6; Jr 2:9; 32:18; Ezk 8:3; Dn 1:2; Na 1:2; Mt 4:9; 23:34; Jn 7:7; 15:18, 23; Ro 1:30; 8:7; 1Co 10:22; Jm 4:4.
[6] Dt 4:37; 5:29; 7:9; Jr 32:39; Jn 14:15, 21; Ac 2:39; Ro 11:28; 1Jn 4:19; 5:3; 2Jn 1:6.
[7] Lv 19:12; 24:11; Dt 5:11; Jsh 2:12, 17; 9:20; 2S 21:1; 1K 2:9; Ps 50:14; Pv 30:9; Jr 4:2; Mt 5:33; 23:16; 26:63; 2Co 1:23; He 6:16; Jm 5:12.
[8] Gn 2:3; Ex 16:23; 31:13; Lv 19:3; 23:3; Is 56:4.
[9] Ex 23:12; Lk 13:14.
[10] Ex 16:27; 23:9; 31:13; 34:21; Nu 15:32; Dt 5:14; 16:11; 24:14; Ne 10:31; 13:15; Lk 23:56.
[11] Gn 2:2; Ex 31:17; Ps 95:4; Mk 2:27; Ac 20:7.

12 ¶ Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee. 13 Thou shalt not kill. 14 Thou shalt not commit adultery. 15 Thou shalt not steal. 16 Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour. 17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that [is] thy neighbour's.

[12] Ex 21:15, 17; Lv 19:3, 32; Dt 4:26, 40; 25:15; 32:47; 1K 2:19; 2K 2:12; Pv 1:8; 3:16; 15:5; 20:20; 23:22; 28:24; 30:11, 17; Mal 1:6; Mt 15:4; Lk 18:20; Ep 5:21; 6:1; Col 3:20.
[13] Gn 4:8; 9:5; Ex 21:14, 20, 29; Lv 24:21; Nu 35:16; Dt 5:17; 19:11; 2S 12:9; 2K 21:16; 2Ch 24:22; Ps 10:8; Pv 1:11, 18; Is 26:21; Jr 26:15; Mt 5:21; Ac 28:4; Ro 13:9; Ga 5:21; 1Ti 1:9; Jm 2:11, 13; 1Jn 3:12.
[14] Lv 18:20; 20:10; 2S 11:4, 27; Pv 2:15; 6:24; 7:18; Jr 5:8; 29:22; Mal 3:5; Mt 5:27; Mk 10:11; Ro 7:2; Ep 5:3; He 13:4; Jm 4:4; Rv 21:8.
[15] Ex 21:16; Lv 6:1; 19:11, 13, 35; Dt 24:7; 25:13; Jb 20:19; Pv 1:13; 11:1; Am 3:10; 8:4; Mi 6:10; 7:3; Zc 5:3; Mt 15:19; 19:18; 21:13; Lk 3:13; Jn 12:6; 1Co 6:10; Ep 4:28; 1Th 4:6.
[16] Ex 23:6; Lv 19:11, 16; Dt 19:15; 1S 22:8; 1K 21:10; Ps 15:3; 101:5; Pv 10:18; 11:13; Mt 26:59; Ac 6:13; Ep 4:31; 1Ti 1:10; 2Ti 3:3; Jm 4:11.
[17] Gn 3:6; 14:23; 34:23; Jsh 7:21; 1S 15:19; 2S 11:2; Jb 31:1, 9; Ps 10:3; 119:36; Pv 4:23; 6:24; Ec 4:8; 5:10; Is 33:15; 57:17; Jr 5:8; 22:17; Ezk 33:31; Am 2:6; Mi 2:2; Hab 2:9; Mt 5:28; 20:15; Lk 12:15; 16:14; Ac 5:4; 20:33; Ro 7:7; 1Co 6:10; Php 3:19; Col 3:5; 1Ti 6:6; He 13:5.

The people are afraid.

18 ¶ And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw [it], they removed, and stood afar off. 19 And they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear: but let not God speak with us, lest we die.

[18] Ex 19:16; Ps 139:7; Jr 23:23.
[19] Gn 32:30; Ex 33:20; Dt 18:16; Ac 7:38.

Moses comforteth them.

20 And Moses said unto the people, Fear not: for God is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not. 21 And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God [was].

[20] Gn 20:11; 22:1, 12; Ex 15:25; Dt 6:2; 8:2; 10:12; 13:3; Jsh 24:14; 1S 12:20; Ne 5:15; Jb 28:28; Pv 1:7; 3:7; Is 8:13; 41:10.
[21] Ex 19:16; Dt 5:5; 1K 8:12; 2Ch 6:1; Ps 18:9, 12; 97:2; 104:2; 1Ti 6:16.

Idolatry is forbidden.

22 ¶ And the LORD said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel, Ye have seen that I have talked with you from heaven. 23 Ye shall not make with me gods of silver, neither shall ye make unto you gods of gold.

[22] Dt 4:36; Ne 9:13; He 12:25.
[23] Ex 20:3; 32:1; 1S 5:4; 2K 17:33, 41; Ezk 20:39; 43:8; Dn 5:4, 23; Zp 1:5; 1Co 10:21; 2Co 6:14; Col 2:18; 1Jn 5:20; Rv 22:15.

Of what sort the altar should be.

24 ¶ An altar of earth thou shalt make unto me, and shalt sacrifice thereon thy burnt offerings, and thy peace offerings, thy sheep, and thine oxen: in all places where I record my name I will come unto thee, and I will bless thee. 25 And if thou wilt make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stone: for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it. 26 Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto mine altar, that thy nakedness be not discovered thereon.

[24] Gn 12:2; Lv 1:1; 3:1; Nu 6:24; Dt 7:13; 12:5, 11, 21; 14:23; 16:5, 11; 26:2; 2S 6:12; 1K 8:29, 43; 9:3; 2Ch 6:6; 7:16; 12:13; Ezr 6:12; Ne 1:9; Ps 74:7; 76:2; 78:68; 128:5; 132:13; 134:3; Jr 7:10; Mal 1:11; Mt 18:20; 28:20; Jn 4:20, 24; 1Ti 2:8.
[25] Dt 27:5; Jsh 8:31.
[26] Lv 10:3; Ps 89:7; Ec 5:1; He 12:28; 1P 1:16.


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