The Priests Slain at Nob
1 So David° departed° from there° and aescaped° to bthe cave° of Adullam°; and when his brothers° and all° his father’s° household° heard° [of it], they went° down° there° to him. 2 Everyone° who was in distress°, and everyone° who° Iwas in debt°, and everyone° who was IIdiscontented°° gathered° to him; and he became° captain° over° them. Now there were aabout four° hundred° men° with him.
 aPs 57: title bJsh 12:15; 15:35; 2S 23:13; Ps 142: title
 ILit had a creditor IILit bitter of soul a1S 23:13; 25:13
3 ¶ And David° went° from there° to Mizpah° of Moab°; and he said° to the king° of Moab°, “Please° let my father° and my mother° come° [and stay] with you until°° I know° what° God° will do° for me.” 4 Then he left° them with the king° of Moab°; and they stayed° with him all° the time° that David° was in the stronghold°. 5 aThe prophet° Gad° said° to David°, “Do not stay° in the stronghold°; depart°, and go° into the land° of Judah°.” So David° departed° and went° into the forest° of Hereth°.
6 ¶ Then Saul° heard° that David° and the men° who° were with him had been discovered°. Now aSaul° was sitting° in Gibeah°, under° the tamarisk° tree° on the height° with his spear° in his hand°, and all° his servants° were standing° around° him. 7 Saul° said° to his servants° who stood° around° him, “Hear° now°, O Benjamites°! Will the son° of Jesse° also° give° to all° of you fields° and vineyards°? aWill he make° you all° commanders° of thousands° and commanders° of hundreds°? 8 For all° of you have conspired° against° me so that there° is no° one° who Idiscloses° to me awhen my son° makes° [a covenant] with the son° of Jesse°, and there° is none° of you bwho is sorry° for me or Idiscloses° to me that my son° has stirred° up my servant° against° me to lie° in ambush°, as [it is] this° day°.” 9 Then aDoeg° the Edomite°, who° was Istanding° by the servants° of Saul°, said°, “bI saw° the son° of Jesse° coming° to Nob°, to cAhimelech° the son° of Ahitub°. 10 aHe inquired° of the LORD° for him, bgave° him provisions°, and cgave° him the sword° of Goliath° the Philistine°.”
 aJg 4:5; 1S 14:2
 a1S 8:12; 1Ch 12:16-18
 ILit uncovers my ear a1S 18:3; 20:16 b1S 23:21
 IOr set over aPs 52: title b1S 21:1 c1S 14:3; 21:1
 aNu 27:21; 1S 10:22 b1S 21:6 c1S 21:9
11 ¶ Then the king° sent° someone to summon° Ahimelech° the priest°, the son° of Ahitub°, and all° his father’s° household°, the priests° who° were in Nob°; and all° of them came° to the king°. 12 Saul° said°, “Listen° now°, son° of Ahitub°.” And he Ianswered°, “Here° I am, my lord°.” 13 Saul° then said° to him, “Why° have you and the son° of Jesse° conspired° against° me, in that you have given° him bread° and a sword° and have inquired° of God° for him, so that he would rise° up against° me aby lying° in ambush° as [it is] this° day°?”
14 ¶ aThen Ahimelech° answered° the king° and said°, “And who° among all° your servants° is as faithful° as David°, even the king’s° son-in-law°, who Iis captain over° your guard°, and is honored° in your house°? 15 Did I [just] begin° ato inquire° of God° for him today°? Far° be it from me! bDo not let the king° impute° anything° to his servant° [or] to any° of the household° of my father°, for your servant° knows° nothing° Iat all°° of this° whole° affair°.” 16 But the king° said°, “You shall surely° die°, Ahimelech°, you and all° your father’s° household°!” 17 And athe king° said° to the Iguards° who were attending° him, “Turn° around° and put° the priests° of the LORD° to death°, because° their hand° also° is with David° and because° they knew° that he was fleeing° and did not IIreveal°° it to me.” But the bservants° of the king° were not willing° to put° forth° their hands° to IIIattack° the priests° of the LORD°. 18 Then the king° said° to Doeg°, “You turn° around° and Iattack° the priests°.” And Doeg° the Edomite° turned° around° and IIattacked° the priests°, and ahe killed° that day° eighty-five° men° bwho wore° the linen° ephod°. 19 And ahe struck° Nob° the city° of the priests° with the edge° of the sword°, both° men° and women°, children° and infants°; also oxen°, donkeys°, and sheep° [he struck] with the edge° of the sword°.
 ISo with Gr; Heb turns aside to a1S 19:4, 5; 20:32
 ILit small or great a2S 5:19, 23 b2S 19:18, 19
 ILit runners IILit uncover my ear IIILit fall upon a2K 10:25 bEx 1:17
 ILit smite IILit smote a1S 2:31 b1S 2:18
 a1S 15:3
20 ¶ But aone° son° of Ahimelech° the son° of Ahitub°, named° Abiathar°, bescaped° and fled° after° David°. 21 Abiathar° told° David° that Saul° had killed° the priests° of the LORD°. 22 Then David° said° to Abiathar°, “I knew° on that day°, when° aDoeg° the Edomite° was there°, that he would surely° tell° Saul°. I have brought° about° [the death] of every° person° in your father’s° household°. 23 Stay° with me; do not be afraid°, for ahe who° seeks° my life° seeks° your life°, for you are Isafe° with me.”
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Companies resort unto David at Adullam.
1 ¶ Davidº therefore departed¹ª² thence,²² and escapedºª to² the caveº Adullam:º and when his brethrenº and all² his father'sº houseº heardºª [it], they went downºª thither² to² him. 2 And every² oneº [that was] in distress,º and every² oneº that² [was] in debt,ºª and every² oneº [that was] discontented,ºº gathered¹ª themselves² unto² him; and he became² a captainº over² them: and there were² with² him about fourº hundredº men.º
 Jsh 12:15; 15:35; 1S 21:10; 2S 23:13; 1Ch 11:15; Ps 34:1; 57:1; 142:1; Mi 1:3, 15; He 11:38.
 Jg 11:3; 18:25; 1S 1:10; 9:16; 25:15; 30:6, 22; 2S 5:2; 17:8; 2K 20:5; 1Ch 11:15; Ps 72:12; Pv 31:6; Mt 9:12; 11:12, 28; 18:25; He 2:10.
At Mizpeh he commendeth his parents unto the king of Moab.
3 ¶ And Davidº went¹ª² thence²² to Mizpehº of Moab:º and he saidºª unto² the kingº of Moab,º Let my fatherº and my mother,º I pray thee,² come forth,ºª [and be] with² you, till²² I knowºª what² Godº will doºª for me. 4 And he broughtºª them² beforeº the kingº of Moab:º and they dweltºª with² him all² the whileº that Davidº was² in the hold.º
 Gn 47:11; Ex 20:12; Jg 11:29; Ru 1:1; 4:10, 17; 1S 3:18; 14:47; 2S 15:25; Mt 15:4; Php 2:23; 1Ti 5:4.
 1S 23:1; 2S 23:13; 24:11; 1Ch 12:16; 21:9; 29:29; 2Ch 29:25; Ne 6:11; Ps 11:1; Is 8:12; Mt 10:23.
Admonished by Gad, he cometh to Hareth.
5 ¶ And the prophetº Gadº saidºª unto² David,º Abideºª not² in the hold;º depart,¹ª² and getºª thee into the landº of Judah.º Then Davidº departed,¹ª² and cameºª into the forestº of Hareth.º
Saul, going to pursue him, complaineth of his servants' unfaithfulness.
6 ¶ When Saulº heardºª that² Davidº was discovered,ºª and the men¹² that² [were] with² him, (now Saulº abodeºª in Gibeahº under² a treeº in Ramah,º having his spearº in his hand,º and all² his servantsº [were] standingºª about² him;) 7 Then Saulº saidºª unto his servantsº that stoodºª about² him, Hear² now,¹ª² ye Benjamites;º will the sonº of Jesseº giveºª every one² of you fieldsº and vineyards,º [and] makeºª you all² captainsº of thousands,º and captainsº of hundreds;º 8 That² all² of you have conspiredºª against² me, and [there is] none² that shewethººª² me that my sonº hath made a leagueºª with² the sonº of Jesse,º and [there is] none² of² you that is sorryºª for² me, or sheweth¹ª¹ unto²²² me that² my sonº hath stirred upºª² my servantº against² me, to lie in wait,ºª as at this² day?º
 1S 18:10; 19:9; 20:33.
 1S 8:11, 14; 18:14; 20:27, 30; 22:9, 13; 25:10; 2S 20:1; 1K 12:16; Is 11:1, 10.
 1S 18:3; 20:2, 8, 13, 30, 42; 23:16; Jb 33:16.
Doeg accuseth Ahimelech.
9 ¶ Then answeredºª Doegº the Edomite,º which² was setºª over² the servantsº of Saul,º and said,ºª I sawºª² the sonº of Jesseº comingºª to Nob,º to² Ahimelechº the sonº of Ahitub.º 10 And he enquiredºª of the LORDº for him, and gaveºª him victuals,º and gaveºª him the swordº of Goliathº the Philistine.º
 1S 14:3; 21:1, 7; Ps 52:1; Pv 19:5; 29:12; Ezk 22:9; Mt 26:59.
 Nu 27:21; 1S 21:6; 22:13, 15; 23:2, 4, 12; 30:8.
Saul commandeth to kill the priests.
11 Then the kingº sentºª to callºª² Ahimelechº the priest,º the sonº of Ahitub,º and all² his father'sº house,º the priestsº that² [were] in Nob:º and they cameºª all² of them to² the king.º 12 And Saulº said,ºª Hearºª now,² thou sonº of Ahitub.º And he answered,ºª Here² I [am], my lord.º 13 And Saulº saidºª unto² him, Why² have ye conspiredºª against² me, thou² and the sonº of Jesse,º in that thou hast givenºª him bread,º and a sword,º and hast enquiredºª of Godº for him, that he should riseºª against² me, to lie in wait,ºª as at this² day?º 14 Then Ahimelechº answeredºª² the king,º and said,ºª And who² [is so] faithfulºª among all² thy servantsº as David,º which is the king'sº son in law,º and goethºª at² thy bidding,º and is honourableºª in thine house?º 15 Did I thenº beginºª to enquireºª of Godº for him? be it far² from me:¹ let not² the kingº imputeºª [any] thingº unto his servant,º [nor] to all² the houseº of my father:º for² thy servantº knewºª nothing¹² of all² this,² lessº or² more.º 16 And the kingº said,ºª Thou shalt surely¹ª die,ºª Ahimelech,º thou,² and all² thy father'sº house.º
 Ro 3:15.
 1S 22:7, 13; 2S 9:6; Is 65:1.
 1S 22:8; Ps 119:69; Am 7:10; Lk 23:2.
 1S 17:25; 18:13, 27; 19:4; 20:32; 21:2; 22:13; 24:11; 26:23; 2S 22:23; Pv 24:11; 31:8.
 Gn 20:5; 1S 25:36; 2S 15:11; 2Co 1:12; 1P 3:16.
 Dt 24:16; 1S 14:44; 20:31; 1K 18:4; 19:2; Es 3:6; Pv 28:15; Dn 2:5, 12; 3:19; Mt 2:16; Ac 12:19.
The footmen refusing, Doeg executeth it.
17 ¶ And the kingº saidºª unto the footmenºª that stoodºª about² him, Turn,ºª and slayºª the priestsº of the LORD;º because² their handº also² [is] with² David,º and because² they knewºª when² he² fled,ºª and did not² shewºª¹² it to me.² But the servantsº of the kingº wouldºª not² put forthºª² their handº to fallºª upon the priestsº of the LORD.º 18 And the kingº saidºª to Doeg,º Turnºª thou,² and fallºª upon the priests.º And Doegº the Edomiteº turned,ºª and he² fellºª upon the priests,º and slewºª on that² dayº fourscoreº and fiveº personsº that did wearºª a linenº ephod.º 19 And Nob,º the cityº of the priests,º smoteºª he with the edgeº of the sword,º both menº² and women,º childrenº² and sucklings,ºª and oxen,º and asses,º and sheep,º with the edgeº of the sword.º
 Ex 1:17; 1S 8:11; 14:45; 20:33; 22:13; 25:17; 2S 15:1; 1K 1:5; 18:4; 2K 1:13; Ac 4:19.
 Ex 28:40; 1S 2:28, 30, 36; 3:12; 22:9; 2Ch 24:21; Ho 5:11; 7:3; Mi 6:16; Zp 3:3; Ac 26:10.
 Jsh 6:17, 21; 1S 15:3, 9; 21:1; 22:9, 11; Ne 11:32; Is 10:32; Ho 10:14; Jm 2:13.
Abiathar escaping, bringeth David the news.
20 ¶ And oneº of the sonsº of Ahimelechº the sonº of Ahitub,º namedº Abiathar,º escaped,ºª and fledºª afterº David.º 21 And Abiatharº shewedºª Davidº that² Saulº had slainºª² the LORD'Sº priests.º 22 And Davidº saidºª unto Abiathar,º I knewºª [it] that² day,º when² Doegº the Edomiteº [was] there,² that² he would surely¹ª tellºª Saul:º I² have occasionedºª [the death] of all² the personsº of thy father'sº house.º 23 Abideºª thou with² me, fearºª not:² for² he that² seekethºª² my lifeº seekethºª² thy life:º but² with² me thou² [shalt be] in safeguard.º
 1S 2:33; 4:12; 23:6; 30:7; 2S 20:25; 1K 2:26; Jb 1:15, 19.
 1S 21:1; Ps 44:22.
 1K 2:26; Mt 24:9; Jn 10:28; 15:20; 16:2; 17:12; 18:9; He 12:1.
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