NASB — 1 Samuel 22 — KJV

The Priests Slain at Nob

1 So David departed from there and aescaped to bthe cave of Adullam; and when his brothers and all his father’s household heard [of it], they went down there to him. 2 Everyone who was in distress, and everyone who Iwas in debt, and everyone who was IIdiscontented gathered to him; and he became captain over them. Now there were aabout four hundred men with him.

[1] aPs 57: title bJsh 12:15; 15:35; 2S 23:13; Ps 142: title
[2] ILit had a creditor IILit bitter of soul a1S 23:13; 25:13

3 ¶ And David went from there to Mizpah of Moab; and he said to the king of Moab, “Please let my father and my mother come [and stay] with you until I know what God will do for me.” 4 Then he left them with the king of Moab; and they stayed with him all the time that David was in the stronghold. 5 aThe prophet Gad said to David, “Do not stay in the stronghold; depart, and go into the land of Judah.” So David departed and went into the forest of Hereth.

[5] a2S 24:11; 1Ch 21:9; 29:29; 2Ch 29:25

6 ¶ Then Saul heard that David and the men who were with him had been discovered. Now aSaul was sitting in Gibeah, under the tamarisk tree on the height with his spear in his hand, and all his servants were standing around him. 7 Saul said to his servants who stood around him, “Hear now, O Benjamites! Will the son of Jesse also give to all of you fields and vineyards? aWill he make you all commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds? 8 For all of you have conspired against me so that there is no one who Idiscloses to me awhen my son makes [a covenant] with the son of Jesse, and there is none of you bwho is sorry for me or Idiscloses to me that my son has stirred up my servant against me to lie in ambush, as [it is] this day.” 9 Then aDoeg the Edomite, who was Istanding by the servants of Saul, said, “bI saw the son of Jesse coming to Nob, to cAhimelech the son of Ahitub. 10 aHe inquired of the LORD for him, bgave him provisions, and cgave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.”

[6] aJg 4:5; 1S 14:2
[7] a1S 8:12; 1Ch 12:16-18
[8] ILit uncovers my ear a1S 18:3; 20:16 b1S 23:21
[9] IOr set over aPs 52: title b1S 21:1 c1S 14:3; 21:1
[10] aNu 27:21; 1S 10:22 b1S 21:6 c1S 21:9

11 ¶ Then the king sent someone to summon Ahimelech the priest, the son of Ahitub, and all his father’s household, the priests who were in Nob; and all of them came to the king. 12 Saul said, “Listen now, son of Ahitub.” And he Ianswered, “Here I am, my lord.” 13 Saul then said to him, “Why have you and the son of Jesse conspired against me, in that you have given him bread and a sword and have inquired of God for him, so that he would rise up against me aby lying in ambush as [it is] this day?”

[12] ILit said
[13] a1S 22:8

14aThen Ahimelech answered the king and said, “And who among all your servants is as faithful as David, even the king’s son-in-law, who Iis captain over your guard, and is honored in your house? 15 Did I [just] begin ato inquire of God for him today? Far be it from me! bDo not let the king impute anything to his servant [or] to any of the household of my father, for your servant knows nothing Iat all of this whole affair.” 16 But the king said, “You shall surely die, Ahimelech, you and all your father’s household!” 17 And athe king said to the Iguards who were attending him, “Turn around and put the priests of the LORD to death, because their hand also is with David and because they knew that he was fleeing and did not IIreveal it to me.” But the bservants of the king were not willing to put forth their hands to IIIattack the priests of the LORD. 18 Then the king said to Doeg, “You turn around and Iattack the priests.” And Doeg the Edomite turned around and IIattacked the priests, and ahe killed that day eighty-five men bwho wore the linen ephod. 19 And ahe struck Nob the city of the priests with the edge of the sword, both men and women, children and infants; also oxen, donkeys, and sheep [he struck] with the edge of the sword.

[14] ISo with Gr; Heb turns aside to a1S 19:4, 5; 20:32
[15] ILit small or great a2S 5:19, 23 b2S 19:18, 19
[17] ILit runners IILit uncover my ear IIILit fall upon a2K 10:25 bEx 1:17
[18] ILit smite IILit smote a1S 2:31 b1S 2:18
[19] a1S 15:3

20 ¶ But aone son of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, bescaped and fled after David. 21 Abiathar told David that Saul had killed the priests of the LORD. 22 Then David said to Abiathar, “I knew on that day, when aDoeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul. I have brought about [the death] of every person in your father’s household. 23 Stay with me; do not be afraid, for ahe who seeks my life seeks your life, for you are Isafe with me.”

[20] a1S 23:6, 9; 30:7; 1K 2:26, 27 b1S 23:6
[22] a1S 21:7
[23] ILit a charge a1K 2:26


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Companies resort unto David at Adullam.

1 ¶ David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard [it], they went down thither to him. 2 And every one [that was] in distress, and every one that [was] in debt, and every one [that was] discontented, gathered themselves unto him; and he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four hundred men.

[1] Jsh 12:15; 15:35; 1S 21:10; 2S 23:13; 1Ch 11:15; Ps 34:1; 57:1; 142:1; Mi 1:3, 15; He 11:38.
[2] Jg 11:3; 18:25; 1S 1:10; 9:16; 25:15; 30:6, 22; 2S 5:2; 17:8; 2K 20:5; 1Ch 11:15; Ps 72:12; Pv 31:6; Mt 9:12; 11:12, 28; 18:25; He 2:10.

At Mizpeh he commendeth his parents unto the king of Moab.

3 ¶ And David went thence to Mizpeh of Moab: and he said unto the king of Moab, Let my father and my mother, I pray thee, come forth, [and be] with you, till I know what God will do for me. 4 And he brought them before the king of Moab: and they dwelt with him all the while that David was in the hold.

[3] Gn 47:11; Ex 20:12; Jg 11:29; Ru 1:1; 4:10, 17; 1S 3:18; 14:47; 2S 15:25; Mt 15:4; Php 2:23; 1Ti 5:4.
[4] 1S 23:1; 2S 23:13; 24:11; 1Ch 12:16; 21:9; 29:29; 2Ch 29:25; Ne 6:11; Ps 11:1; Is 8:12; Mt 10:23.

Admonished by Gad, he cometh to Hareth.

5 ¶ And the prophet Gad said unto David, Abide not in the hold; depart, and get thee into the land of Judah. Then David departed, and came into the forest of Hareth.

Saul, going to pursue him, complaineth of his servants' unfaithfulness.

6 ¶ When Saul heard that David was discovered, and the men that [were] with him, (now Saul abode in Gibeah under a tree in Ramah, having his spear in his hand, and all his servants [were] standing about him;) 7 Then Saul said unto his servants that stood about him, Hear now, ye Benjamites; will the son of Jesse give every one of you fields and vineyards, [and] make you all captains of thousands, and captains of hundreds; 8 That all of you have conspired against me, and [there is] none that sheweth me that my son hath made a league with the son of Jesse, and [there is] none of you that is sorry for me, or sheweth unto me that my son hath stirred up my servant against me, to lie in wait, as at this day?

[6] 1S 18:10; 19:9; 20:33.
[7] 1S 8:11, 14; 18:14; 20:27, 30; 22:9, 13; 25:10; 2S 20:1; 1K 12:16; Is 11:1, 10.
[8] 1S 18:3; 20:2, 8, 13, 30, 42; 23:16; Jb 33:16.

Doeg accuseth Ahimelech.

9 ¶ Then answered Doeg the Edomite, which was set over the servants of Saul, and said, I saw the son of Jesse coming to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of Ahitub. 10 And he enquired of the LORD for him, and gave him victuals, and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.

[9] 1S 14:3; 21:1, 7; Ps 52:1; Pv 19:5; 29:12; Ezk 22:9; Mt 26:59.
[10] Nu 27:21; 1S 21:6; 22:13, 15; 23:2, 4, 12; 30:8.

Saul commandeth to kill the priests.

11 Then the king sent to call Ahimelech the priest, the son of Ahitub, and all his father's house, the priests that [were] in Nob: and they came all of them to the king. 12 And Saul said, Hear now, thou son of Ahitub. And he answered, Here I [am], my lord. 13 And Saul said unto him, Why have ye conspired against me, thou and the son of Jesse, in that thou hast given him bread, and a sword, and hast enquired of God for him, that he should rise against me, to lie in wait, as at this day? 14 Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, And who [is so] faithful among all thy servants as David, which is the king's son in law, and goeth at thy bidding, and is honourable in thine house? 15 Did I then begin to enquire of God for him? be it far from me: let not the king impute [any] thing unto his servant, [nor] to all the house of my father: for thy servant knew nothing of all this, less or more. 16 And the king said, Thou shalt surely die, Ahimelech, thou, and all thy father's house.

[11] Ro 3:15.
[12] 1S 22:7, 13; 2S 9:6; Is 65:1.
[13] 1S 22:8; Ps 119:69; Am 7:10; Lk 23:2.
[14] 1S 17:25; 18:13, 27; 19:4; 20:32; 21:2; 22:13; 24:11; 26:23; 2S 22:23; Pv 24:11; 31:8.
[15] Gn 20:5; 1S 25:36; 2S 15:11; 2Co 1:12; 1P 3:16.
[16] Dt 24:16; 1S 14:44; 20:31; 1K 18:4; 19:2; Es 3:6; Pv 28:15; Dn 2:5, 12; 3:19; Mt 2:16; Ac 12:19.

The footmen refusing, Doeg executeth it.

17 ¶ And the king said unto the footmen that stood about him, Turn, and slay the priests of the LORD; because their hand also [is] with David, and because they knew when he fled, and did not shew it to me. But the servants of the king would not put forth their hand to fall upon the priests of the LORD. 18 And the king said to Doeg, Turn thou, and fall upon the priests. And Doeg the Edomite turned, and he fell upon the priests, and slew on that day fourscore and five persons that did wear a linen ephod. 19 And Nob, the city of the priests, smote he with the edge of the sword, both men and women, children and sucklings, and oxen, and asses, and sheep, with the edge of the sword.

[17] Ex 1:17; 1S 8:11; 14:45; 20:33; 22:13; 25:17; 2S 15:1; 1K 1:5; 18:4; 2K 1:13; Ac 4:19.
[18] Ex 28:40; 1S 2:28, 30, 36; 3:12; 22:9; 2Ch 24:21; Ho 5:11; 7:3; Mi 6:16; Zp 3:3; Ac 26:10.
[19] Jsh 6:17, 21; 1S 15:3, 9; 21:1; 22:9, 11; Ne 11:32; Is 10:32; Ho 10:14; Jm 2:13.

Abiathar escaping, bringeth David the news.

20 ¶ And one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped, and fled after David. 21 And Abiathar shewed David that Saul had slain the LORD'S priests. 22 And David said unto Abiathar, I knew [it] that day, when Doeg the Edomite [was] there, that he would surely tell Saul: I have occasioned [the death] of all the persons of thy father's house. 23 Abide thou with me, fear not: for he that seeketh my life seeketh thy life: but with me thou [shalt be] in safeguard.

[20] 1S 2:33; 4:12; 23:6; 30:7; 2S 20:25; 1K 2:26; Jb 1:15, 19.
[22] 1S 21:1; Ps 44:22.
[23] 1K 2:26; Mt 24:9; Jn 10:28; 15:20; 16:2; 17:12; 18:9; He 12:1.


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