NASB — 1 Samuel 18 — KJV

Jonathan and David

1 Now it came about when he had finished speaking to Saul, that athe soul of Jonathan was knit to the soul of David, and bJonathan loved him as himself. 2 Saul took him that day and adid not let him return to his father’s house. 3 Then aJonathan made a covenant with David because he loved him as himself. 4 aJonathan stripped himself of the robe that was on him and gave it to David, with his armor, including his sword and his bow and his belt. 5 So David went out wherever Saul sent him, [and] Iprospered; and Saul set him over the men of war. And it was pleasing in the sight of all the people and also in the sight of Saul’s servants.

[1] aGn 44:30 bDt 13:6; 1S 20:17; 2S 1:26
[2] a1S 17:15
[3] a1S 20:8-17
[4] aGn 41:42; 1S 17:38; Es 6:8
[5] IOr acted wisely

6 ¶ It happened as they were coming, when David returned from killing the Philistine, that athe women came out of all the cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet King Saul, with tambourines, with joy and with Imusical instruments. 7 The women asang as they Iplayed, and said,
  “bSaul has slain his thousands,
  cAnd David his ten thousands.”
8 Then Saul became very angry, for this saying Idispleased him; and he said, “They have ascribed to David ten thousands, but to me they have ascribed thousands. Now awhat more can he have but the kingdom?” 9 Saul looked at David with suspicion from that day on.

[6] II.e. triangles; or three-stringed instruments aEx 15:20, 21; Jg 11:34; Ps 68:25; 149:3
[7] IOr danced aEx 15:21; 1S 21:11; 29:5 b1S 21:11 c2S 18:3
[8] ILit was evil in his eyes a1S 15:28

Saul Turns against David

10 ¶ Now it came about on the next day that aan evil spirit from God came mightily upon Saul, and bhe raved in the midst of the house, while David was playing [the harp] with his hand, Icas usual; and IIda spear [was] in Saul’s hand. 11 aSaul hurled the spear for he thought, “I will Ipin David to the wall.” But David IIescaped from his presence twice.

[10] ILit day by day IILit the a1S 16:14 b1S 19:23, 24 c1S 16:23 d1S 19:9
[11] ILit strike David and the wall IILit turned about a1S 19:10; 20:33

12 ¶ Now aSaul was afraid of David, bfor the LORD was with him but chad departed from Saul. 13 Therefore Saul removed him from Ihis presence and appointed him as his commander of a thousand; and ahe went out and came in before the people. 14 David was Iprospering in all his ways for athe LORD [was] with him. 15 When Saul saw that he was Iprospering greatly, he dreaded him. 16 But aall Israel and Judah loved David, and he went out and came in before them.

[12] a1S 18:15, 29 b1S 16:13, 18 c1S 16:14; 28:15
[13] ILit with him aNu 27:17; 1S 18:16; 2S 5:2
[14] IOr acting wisely aGn 39:2, 3, 23; Jsh 6:27; 1S 16:18
[15] IOr acting very wisely
[16] a1S 18:5

17 ¶ Then Saul said to David, “aHere is my older daughter Merab; I will give her to you as a wife, only be a valiant man for me and fight bthe LORDS battles.” For Saul thought, “My hand shall not be against him, but clet the hand of the Philistines be against him.” 18 But David said to Saul, “aWho am I, and what is my life [or] my father’s family in Israel, that I should be the king’s son-in-law?” 19 So it came about at the time when Merab, Saul’s daughter, should have been given to David, that she was given to aAdriel bthe Meholathite for a wife.

[17] a1S 17:25 bNu 21:14; 1S 17:36, 47; 25:28 c1S 18:21, 25
[18] a1S 9:21; 18:23; 2S 7:18
[19] a2S 21:8 bJg 7:22; 1K 19:16

David Marries Saul’s Daughter

20 ¶ Now aMichal, Saul’s daughter, loved David. When they told Saul, the thing was agreeable Ito him. 21 Saul thought, “I will give her to him that she may become a snare to him, and athat the hand of the Philistines may be against him.” Therefore Saul said to David, “bFor a second time you may be my son-in-law today.” 22 Then Saul commanded his servants, “Speak to David secretly, saying, ‘Behold, the king delights in you, and all his servants love you; now therefore, become the king’s son-in-law.’” 23 So Saul’s servants spoke these words Ito David. But David said, “Is it trivial in your sight to become the king’s son-in-law, asince I am a poor man and lightly esteemed?” 24 The servants of Saul reported to him Iaccording to these words [which] David spoke. 25 Saul then said, “Thus you shall say to David, ‘The king does not desire any adowry except a hundred foreskins of the Philistines, bto take vengeance on the king’s enemies.’” Now cSaul planned to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines. 26 When his servants told David these words, Iit pleased David to become the king’s son-in-law. IIaBefore the days had expired 27 David rose up and went, ahe and his men, and struck down two hundred men among the Philistines. Then bDavid brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full number to the king, that he might become the king’s son-in-law. So Saul gave him Michal his daughter for a wife. 28 When Saul saw and knew that the LORD was with David, and [that] Michal, Saul’s daughter, loved him, 29 then Saul was even more afraid of David. Thus Saul was David’s enemy continually.

[20] ILit in his sight a1S 18:28
[21] a1S 18:17 b1S 18:26
[23] ILit in the ears of aGn 29:20; 34:12
[24] ILit by saying according
[25] aGn 34:12; Ex 22:17 b1S 14:24 c1S 18:17
[26] ILit it was agreeable in the sight of IILit And the days had not expired a1S 18:21
[27] a1S 18:17 b2S 3:14

30 ¶ Then the commanders of the Philistines awent out [to battle], and it happened as often as they went out, that David bbehaved himself more wisely than all the servants of Saul. So his name was highly esteemed.

[30] a2S 11:1 b1S 18:5


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Jonathan loveth David.

1 ¶ And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul. 2 And Saul took him that day, and would let him go no more home to his father's house. 3 Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul. 4 And Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that [was] upon him, and gave it to David, and his garments, even to his sword, and to his bow, and to his girdle.

[1] Gn 44:30; Dt 13:6; Jg 20:11; 1S 14:1, 45; 18:3; 19:2; 20:17; 2S 1:26; 1Ch 12:17; Ps 86:11; Pv 18:24; Col 2:2.
[2] 1S 16:21; 17:15.
[3] 1S 20:8, 42; 23:18; 2S 9:1; 21:7.
[4] Gn 41:42; Es 6:8; Is 61:10; Lk 15:22; 2Co 5:21; Php 2:7.

Saul envieth his praise,

5 ¶ And David went out whithersoever Saul sent him, [and] behaved himself wisely: and Saul set him over the men of war, and he was accepted in the sight of all the people, and also in the sight of Saul's servants. 6 And it came to pass as they came, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women came out of all cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet king Saul, with tabrets, with joy, and with instruments of musick. 7 And the women answered [one another] as they played, and said, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands. 8 And Saul was very wroth, and the saying displeased him; and he said, They have ascribed unto David ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed [but] thousands: and [what] can he have more but the kingdom? 9 And Saul eyed David from that day and forward.

[5] Gn 39:2, 23; 1S 13:2; 14:52; 18:14, 30; Ps 1:3; Mt 10:16; Ac 7:10; Ep 5:17; Col 4:5.
[6] Ex 15:20; Jg 11:34; Ps 68:25; Jr 31:11.
[7] Ex 15:21; 1S 21:11; 29:5; Ps 24:7.
[8] Nu 11:1; 22:34; 1S 13:14; 15:28; 16:13; 20:31; 1K 2:22; Es 3:5; Pv 13:10; 27:4; Ec 4:4; Jm 4:5.
[9] Gn 4:5; 31:2; Mt 20:15; Mk 7:22; Ep 4:27; Jm 5:9.

seeketh to kill him in his fury,

10 ¶ And it came to pass on the morrow, that the evil spirit from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied in the midst of the house: and David played with his hand, as at other times: and [there was] a javelin in Saul's hand. 11 And Saul cast the javelin; for he said, I will smite David even to the wall [with it]. And David avoided out of his presence twice.

[10] 1S 16:14, 16, 23; 19:9, 24; 26:19; 1K 18:29; 22:12, 20; Jr 28:2, 11; 29:26; Zc 13:2; Ac 16:16; 2Th 2:11.
[11] 1S 19:9; 20:33; Ps 37:32; Pv 27:4; Is 54:17; Lk 4:30; Jn 8:59; 10:39.

feareth him for his good success,

12 ¶ And Saul was afraid of David, because the LORD was with him, and was departed from Saul. 13 Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people. 14 And David behaved himself wisely in all his ways; and the LORD [was] with him. 15 Wherefore when Saul saw that he behaved himself very wisely, he was afraid of him. 16 But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he went out and came in before them.

[12] 1S 16:4, 13, 14, 18; 18:15, 20, 29; 22:13; 28:15; Ps 48:3; 51:11; 53:5; Ho 9:12; Mt 25:41; Mk 6:20; Lk 8:37; Ac 7:9; 24:25.
[13] Nu 27:16; 1S 8:12; 18:16, 17, 25; 22:7; 2S 5:2; Ps 121:8.
[14] Gn 39:2, 23; Jsh 6:27; 1S 10:7; 16:18; 18:5; Mt 1:23; 28:20; Ac 18:10.
[15] Ps 112:5; Dn 6:4; Col 4:5; Jm 1:5; 3:17.
[16] Nu 27:17; 1S 18:5; 2S 5:2; 1K 3:7; Lk 19:48; 20:19.

offereth him his daughters for a snare.

17 ¶ And Saul said to David, Behold my elder daughter Merab, her will I give thee to wife: only be thou valiant for me, and fight the LORD'S battles. For Saul said, Let not mine hand be upon him, but let the hand of the Philistines be upon him. 18 And David said unto Saul, Who [am] I? and what [is] my life, [or] my father's family in Israel, that I should be son in law to the king? 19 But it came to pass at the time when Merab Saul's daughter should have been given to David, that she was given unto Adriel the Meholathite to wife. 20 And Michal Saul's daughter loved David: and they told Saul, and the thing pleased him. 21 And Saul said, I will give him her, that she may be a snare to him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him. Wherefore Saul said to David, Thou shalt this day be my son in law in [the one of] the twain.

[17] Nu 32:20, 27, 29; Dt 17:7; 1S 17:25, 47; 18:21, 25; 25:28; 2S 11:15; 12:9; Ps 12:2; 55:21.
[18] Ex 3:11; Ru 2:10; 1S 9:21; 18:23; 2S 7:18; Pv 15:33; 18:12; Jr 1:6.
[19] Jg 7:22; 14:20; 2S 21:8.
[20] Gn 29:18, 20; 34:3; Jg 4:1; 15:1; 16:1; 1S 18:28; 2S 1:1; 13:1; 1K 1:1; 2:1; 11:1; Ho 2:1; 3:1.
[21] Ex 10:7; 1S 18:17, 26; 19:11; Ps 7:14; 38:12; Pv 26:24; 29:5; Jr 5:26; 9:8.

David persuadeth to be the king's son in law, giveth two hundred foreskins of the Philistines for Michal's dowry.

22 ¶ And Saul commanded his servants, [saying], Commune with David secretly, and say, Behold, the king hath delight in thee, and all his servants love thee: now therefore be the king's son in law. 23 And Saul's servants spake those words in the ears of David. And David said, Seemeth it to you [a] light [thing] to be a king's son in law, seeing that I [am] a poor man, and lightly esteemed? 24 And the servants of Saul told him, saying, On this manner spake David. 25 And Saul said, Thus shall ye say to David, The king desireth not any dowry, but an hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to be avenged of the king's enemies. But Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines. 26 And when his servants told David these words, it pleased David well to be the king's son in law: and the days were not expired. 27 Wherefore David arose and went, he and his men, and slew of the Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full tale to the king, that he might be the king's son in law. And Saul gave him Michal his daughter to wife.

[22] 2S 13:28; Ps 36:1; 55:21; Pv 29:12.
[23] 1S 9:21; Ps 119:141; Pv 14:20; 19:6; Ec 9:15; 1Jn 3:1.
[24] 1S 18:24.
[25] Gn 17:11; 29:18; 34:12; Ex 22:16; Jsh 5:3; 1S 14:24; 17:26, 36; 18:17; 2S 17:8.
[26] 1S 18:21.
[27] Jg 14:19; 1S 18:13; 2S 3:14.

Saul's hatred, and David's glory increaseth.

28 ¶ And Saul saw and knew that the LORD [was] with David, and [that] Michal Saul's daughter loved him. 29 And Saul was yet the more afraid of David; and Saul became David's enemy continually. 30 Then the princes of the Philistines went forth: and it came to pass, after they went forth, [that] David behaved himself more wisely than all the servants of Saul; so that his name was much set by.

[28] Gn 30:27; 37:8; 39:3; 1S 24:20; 26:25; Rv 3:9.
[29] Gn 4:4; 1S 18:12, 15; Ps 37:12; Ec 4:4; Jn 11:53; Jm 2:19; 1Jn 3:12.
[30] 1S 2:30; 18:5; 26:21; 2S 11:1; 2K 1:13; Ps 116:15; 119:99; Dn 1:20; Lk 21:15; Ep 5:15; 1P 2:4, 7.


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