Israel Is Circumcised
1 Now it came° about when all° the kings° of the Amorites° who° [were] beyond° the Jordan° to the west°, and all° the kings° of the aCanaanites° who° [were] by the sea°, bheard° how°° the LORD° had dried° up the waters° of the Jordan° before°° the sons° of Israel° until° Ithey had crossed°, that their hearts° melted°, and there was no° spirit° in them any° longer° because°° of the sons° of Israel°.
2 ¶ At that time° the LORD° said° to Joshua°, “Make° for yourself aflint° knives° and circumcise° again° the sons° of Israel° the second° time°.” 3 So Joshua° made° himself flint° knives° and circumcised° the sons° of Israel° at IGibeath-haaraloth°°. 4 This° is the reason° why° Joshua° circumcised° them: aall° the people° who came° out of Egypt° who were males°, all° the men° of war°, died° in the wilderness° along the way° after they came° out of Egypt°. 5 For all° the people° who came° out were circumcised°, but all° the people° who were born° in the wilderness° along the way° as they came° out of Egypt° had not been circumcised°. 6 For the sons° of Israel° walked° aforty° years° in the wilderness°, until° all° the nation°, [that is], the men° of war° who came° out of Egypt°, Iperished° because° they did not listen° to the voice° of the LORD°, bto whom° the LORD° had sworn° that He would not let them see° the land° which° the LORD° had sworn° to their fathers° to give° us, a land° flowing° with milk° and honey°. 7 Their children° whom He raised° up in their place°, Joshua° Icircumcised°; for they were uncircumcised°, because° they had not circumcised° them along the way°.
 aEx 4:25
 II.e. the hill of the foreskins
 aDt 2:14
 ILit were finished aDt 2:7, 14 bNu 14:29-35; 26:63-65
 ILit circumcised them
8 ¶ Now when° they had finished° circumcising° all° the nation°, they remained° in their places° in the camp° until° they were Ihealed°. 9 Then the LORD° said° to Joshua°, “Today° I have rolled° away° athe reproach° of Egypt° from you.” So the name° of that place° is called° IGilgal° to this° day°.
10 ¶ While the sons° of Israel° camped° at Gilgal° athey observed° the Passover° on the evening° of the bfourteenth°° day° of the month° on the desert° plains° of Jericho°. 11 On the Iday° after° the Passover°, on IIthat very° day°, they ate° some° of the produce° of the land°, unleavened° cakes° and parched° [grain]. 12 aThe manna° ceased° on the Iday° after° they had eaten° some° of the produce° of the land°, so that the sons° of Israel° no° longer° had° manna°, but they ate° some° of the yield° of the land° of Canaan° during that year°.
13 ¶ Now it came° about when Joshua° was by Jericho°, that he lifted° up his eyes° and looked°, and behold°, aa man° was standing° opposite° him with his sword° drawn° in his hand°, and Joshua° went° to him and said° to him, “Are you for us or° for our adversaries°?” 14 He said°, “No°; rather° I indeed° come° now° [as] captain° of the host° of the LORD°.” And Joshua° afell° on his face° to the earth°, and bowed° down°, and said° to him, “What° has my lord° to say° to his servant°?” 15 The captain° of the LORD’S° host° said° to Joshua°, “aRemove° your sandals° from your feet°, for the place° where°° you are standing° is holy°.” And Joshua° did° so°.
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The Canaanites are afraid.
1 ¶ And it came to pass,² when all² the kingsº of the Amorites,º which² [were] on the sideº of Jordanº westward,º and all² the kingsº of the Canaanites,º which² [were] by² the sea,º heardºª² that² the LORDº had dried upºª² the watersº of Jordanº from beforeº² the childrenº of Israel,º until² we were passed over,ºª that their heartº melted,ºª neither² was² there spiritº in them any more,² becauseº² of the childrenº of Israel.º
 Gn 10:15; 12:6; 15:18; 48:22; Ex 15:14; 23:28; Nu 13:29; Jsh 2:9; 12:9; 17:12, 18; 24:15; Jg 1:1; 3:3; 4:2; 11:23; 1S 25:37; 2S 21:2; 1K 10:5; Ezr 9:1; Ps 48:4; 135:11; Is 13:6; Ezk 16:3; 21:7; Dn 5:6; Am 2:9; Zp 2:4; Rv 18:10.
Joshua reneweth circumcision.
2 ¶ At that² timeº the LORDº saidºª unto² Joshua,º Makeºª thee sharp¹² knives,º and circumciseºª againºª² the childrenº of Israelº the second² time.¹ 3 And Joshuaº madeºª him sharp¹² knives,º and circumcisedºª² the childrenº of Israelº at² the hillº of the foreskins.º 4 And this² [is] the causeº why² Joshuaº did circumcise:ºª All² the peopleº that came outºª of Egypt,º² [that were] males,º [even] all² the men¹² of war,º diedºª in the wildernessº by the way,º after they came outºª of Egypt.º² 5 Nowº all² the peopleº that came outºª were² circumcised:ºª but all² the peopleº [that were] bornº in the wildernessº by the wayº as they came forthºª out of Egypt,º² [them] they had not² circumcised.ºª 6 For² the childrenº of Israelº walkedºª fortyº yearsº in the wilderness,º till² all² the peopleº [that were] men¹² of war,º which came outºª of Egypt,º² were consumed,ºª because² they obeyedºª not² the voiceº of the LORD:º unto whom² the LORDº swareºª that he would not² shewºª them² the land,º which² the LORDº swareºª unto their fathersº that he would giveºª us, a landº that flowethºª with milkº and honey.º 7 And their children,º [whom] he raised upºª in their stead,² them Joshuaº circumcised:ºª for² they were² uncircumcised,º because² they had not² circumcisedºª them by the way.º 8 And it came to pass,² when² they had doneºª circumcisingºª all² the people,º that they abodeºª in their places² in the camp,º till² they were whole.ºª 9 And the LORDº saidºª unto² Joshua,º This dayº have I rolled awayºª² the reproachº of Egyptº from off²² you. Wherefore the nameº of the placeº is calledºª Gilgalº unto² this² day.º
 Gn 17:10; Dt 10:16; 30:6; Ro 2:29; 4:11; Col 2:11.
 Gn 17:23; Mt 16:24.
 Nu 14:22; 26:64; Dt 2:16; 1Co 10:5; He 3:17.
 Dt 12:8; Ho 6:6; Mt 12:7; Ro 2:26; 1Co 7:19; Ga 5:6; 6:15.
 Ex 3:8, 17; Nu 14:23, 32; Dt 1:3; 2:7, 14; 8:4; Ps 95:10; Jr 2:2; Ezk 20:6, 15; Jol 3:18; He 3:11.
 Nu 14:31; Dt 1:39.
 Gn 34:25.
 Gn 34:14; Lv 24:14; Jsh 4:19; 24:14; 1S 14:6; 17:26, 36; Ps 119:39; Jr 9:25; Ezk 20:7; 23:3, 8; Ep 2:11.
The Passover is kept at Gilgal.
10 ¶ And the childrenº of Israelº encampedºª in Gilgal,º and keptºª² the passoverº on the fourteenthºº dayº of the monthº at evenº in the plainsº of Jericho.º 11 And they did eatºª of the old cornº² of the landº on the morrow¹ after²² the passover,º unleavened cakes,º and parchedºª [corn] in the selfsameº² day.º
12 ¶ And the mannaº ceasedºª on the morrowº² after they had eatenºª of the old cornº² of the land;º neither² had² the childrenº of Israelº mannaº any more;² but they did eatºª of the fruitº² of the landº of Canaanº that² year.º
An angel appeareth to Joshua.
13 ¶ And it came to pass,² when Joshuaº was² by Jericho,º that he lifted upºª his eyesº and looked,ºª and, behold,² there stoodºª a manº over against² him with his swordº drawnºª in his hand:º and Joshuaº went¹ª² unto him,² and saidºª unto him, [Art] thou² for us, or² for our adversaries?º 14 And he said,ºª Nay;² but² [as] captainº of the hostº of the LORDº am I² now² come.ºª And Joshuaº fellºª on² his faceº to the earth,º and did worship,ºª and saidºª unto him, What² saithºª my lordº unto² his servant?º 15 And the captainº of the LORD'Sº hostº saidºª unto² Joshua,º Looseºª thy shoeº from off²² thy foot;º for² the placeº whereon²² thou² standestºª [is] holy.º And Joshuaº didºª so.²
 Gn 18:2; 32:24; 33:1, 5; Ex 23:23; Nu 22:23; Jsh 6:2; Jg 13:8, 11, 22; 1Ch 12:17; 21:16, 27, 30; Dn 8:3; 10:5; Ho 12:3; Zc 1:8; Ac 1:10; Rv 1:13.
 Gn 17:3, 17; Ex 4:10, 13; 23:20; Lv 9:24; Nu 16:22, 45; 1S 3:9; Ps 110:1; Is 6:8; 55:4; Dn 10:13, 21; 12:1; Mt 8:2; 22:44; Lk 1:43; 5:12; 20:42; Jn 20:28; Ac 9:6; 10:25; Php 3:8; He 2:10; Rv 12:7; 19:10, 11; 22:8.
 Ex 3:5; Ac 7:32; 2P 1:18.
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