NASB — 1 Corinthians 10 — KJV

Avoid Israel’s Mistakes

1 For aI do not want you to be unaware, brethren, that our fathers were all bunder the cloud and all cpassed through the sea; 2 and all were abaptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea; 3 and all aate the same spiritual food; 4 and all adrank the same spiritual drink, for they were drinking from a spiritual rock which followed them; and the rock was IChrist. 5 Nevertheless, with most of them God was not well-pleased; for athey were laid low in the wilderness.

[1] aRo 1:13 bEx 13:21; Ps 105:39 cEx 14:22, 29; Ne 9:11; Ps 66:6
[2] aRo 6:3; 1Co 1:13; Ga 3:27
[3] aEx 16:4, 35; Dt 8:3; Ne 9:15, 20; Ps 78:24f; Jn 6:31
[4] II.e. the Messiah aEx 17:6; Nu 20:11; Ps 78:15
[5] aNu 14:29ff, 37; 26:65; He 3:17; Jde 5

6 ¶ Now these things happened as aexamples for us, so that we would not crave evil things as bthey also craved. 7 Do not be aidolaters, as some of them were; as it is written, “bTHE PEOPLE SAT DOWN TO EAT AND DRINK, AND STOOD UP TO cPLAY.” 8 Nor let us act immorally, as asome of them Idid, and btwenty-three thousand fell in one day. 9 Nor let us try the Lord, as asome of them Idid, and were destroyed by the serpents. 10 Nor agrumble, as some of them Idid, and bwere destroyed by the cdestroyer. 11 Now these things happened to them as an aexample, and bthey were written for our instruction, upon whom cthe ends of the ages have come. 12 Therefore let him who athinks he stands take heed that he does not fall. 13 No temptation has overtaken you but such as is common to man; and aGod is faithful, who will not allow you to be btempted beyond what you are able, but with the temptation will provide the way of escape also, so that you will be able to endure it.

[6] a1Co 10:11 bNu 11:4, 34; Ps 106:14
[7] aEx 32:4; 1Co 5:11; 10:14 bEx 32:6 cEx 32:19
[8] ILit acted immorally aNu 25:1ff bNu 25:9
[9] ILit made trial aNu 21:5f
[10] ILit grumbled aNu 16:41; 17:5, 10 bNu 16:49 cEx 12:23; 2S 24:16; 1Ch 21:15; He 11:28
[11] a1Co 10:6 bRo 4:23 cRo 13:11
[12] aRo 11:20; 2P 3:17
[13] a1Co 1:9 b2P 2:9

14 ¶ Therefore, my abeloved, flee from bidolatry. 15 I speak as to wise men; you judge what I say. 16 Is not the acup of blessing which we bless a sharing in the blood of Christ? Is not the Ibbread which we break a sharing in the body of Christ? 17 Since there is one Ibread, we awho are many are one body; for we all partake of the one Ibread. 18 Look at Ithe nation aIsrael; are not those who beat the sacrifices sharers in the altar? 19 What do I mean then? That a thing sacrificed to idols is anything, or athat an idol is anything? 20 [No], but [I say] that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they asacrifice to demons and not to God; and I do not want you to become sharers in demons. 21 aYou cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of demons; you cannot partake of the table of the Lord and bthe table of demons. 22 Or do we aprovoke the Lord to jealousy? We are not bstronger than He, are we?

[14] aHe 6:9 b1Co 10:7, 19f; 1 Jn 5:21
[16] ILit loaf aMt 26:27f; Mk 14:23f; Lk 22:20; 1Co 11:25 bMt 26:26; Lk 22:19; Ac 2:42; 1Co 11:23f
[17] ILit loaf aRo 12:5; 1Co 12:12f, 27; Ep 4:4, 16; Col 3:15
[18] ILit Israel according to the flesh aRo 1:3 bLv 7:6, 14f; Dt 12:17f
[19] a1Co 8:4
[20] aDt 32:17; Ps 106:37; Ga 4:8; Rv 9:20
[21] a2Co 6:16 bIs 65:11
[22] aDt 32:21 bEc 6:10; Is 45:9

23aAll things are lawful, but not all things are profitable. All things are lawful, but not all things bedify. 24 Let no one aseek his own [good], but that of his Ineighbor. 25 aEat anything that is sold in the meat market without asking questions for conscience’ sake; 26 aFOR THE EARTH IS THE LORDS, AND IALL IT CONTAINS. 27 If aone of the unbelievers invites you and you want to go, beat anything that is set before you without asking questions for conscience’ sake. 28 But aif anyone says to you, “This is meat sacrificed to idols,” do not eat [it], for the sake of the one who informed [you], and for conscience’ sake; 29 I mean not your own conscience, but the other [man’s]; for awhy is my freedom judged by another’s conscience? 30 If I partake with thankfulness, awhy am I slandered concerning that for which I bgive thanks?

[23] a1Co 6:12 bRo 14:19
[24] ILit the other aRo 15:2; 1Co 10:33; 13:5; 2Co 12:14; Php 2:21
[25] aAc 10:15; 1Co 8:7
[26] ILit its fullness aPs 24:1; 50:12; 1Ti 4:4
[27] a1Co 5:10 bLk 10:8
[28] a1Co 8:7, 10-12
[29] aRo 14:16; 1Co 9:19
[30] a1Co 9:1 bRo 14:6

31 ¶ Whether, then, you eat or drink or awhatever you do, do all to the glory of God. 32 aGive no offense either to Jews or to Greeks or to bthe church of God; 33 just as I also aplease all men in all things, bnot seeking my own profit but the [profit] of the many, cso that they may be saved.

[31] aCol 3:17; 1P 4:11
[32] aAc 24:16; 1Co 8:13 bAc 20:28; 1Co 1:2; 7:17; 11:22; 15:9; 2Co 1:1; Ga 1:13; Php 3:6; 1Ti 3:5, 15
[33] aRo 15:2; 1Co 9:22; Ga 1:10 bRo 15:2; 1Co 13:5; 2Co 12:14; Php 2:21 cRo 11:14; 1Th 2:16


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The sacraments of the Jews,

1 ¶ Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; 2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; 3 And did all eat the same spiritual meat; 4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ. 5 But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness.

[1] Ex 13:21; 14:19, 29; 40:34; Nu 9:15; 14:14; 33:8; Dt 1:33; Jsh 4:23; Ne 9:11, 12, 19; Ps 66:6; 77:16; 78:13, 14, 53; 105:39; 106:7; 114:3; 136:13; Is 58:11; Jn 4:20; Ro 4:11; 11:21; 1Co 12:1; 14:38; Ga 3:29; He 11:29; Rv 15:2.
[2] Ex 14:31; Jn 9:28; 1Co 1:13; He 3:2.
[3] Ex 16:4, 15, 35; Dt 8:3; Ne 9:15, 20; Ps 78:23; 105:40; Jn 6:22.
[4] Gn 40:12; 41:26; Ex 17:6; Nu 20:11; Dt 9:21; Ps 78:15, 20; 105:41; Is 43:20; 48:21; Ezk 5:4; Dn 2:38; 7:17; Mt 13:38; 26:26; Jn 4:10, 14; 7:37; 1Co 11:24; Ga 4:25; Col 2:17; He 10:1; Rv 22:17.
[5] Nu 14:11, 28; 26:64; Dt 1:34; 2:15; Ps 78:32; 90:1, 7; 95:11; 106:26; He 3:17; Jde 1:5.

are types of ours,

6 Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted.

[6] Nu 11:4, 31; Ps 78:27; 106:14; Zp 3:6; Ro 5:14; 1Co 10:11; He 4:11; 9:24; 1P 3:21; 2P 2:6; Jde 1:7.

and their punishments,

7 Neither be ye idolaters, as [were] some of them; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play. 8 Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand. 9 Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents. 10 Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer.

[7] Ex 32:6, 17, 19; Dt 9:12, 16; Ps 106:19; 1Co 5:11; 6:9; 8:7; 14:20; 1Jn 5:21.
[8] Nu 25:1; Ps 106:29; 1Co 6:9, 18; Rv 2:14.
[9] Ex 17:2, 7; 23:20; Nu 21:5, 6; Dt 6:16; Ps 78:18, 56; 95:9; 106:14; He 3:8; 10:28.
[10] Ex 12:23; 15:24; 16:2; 17:2; Nu 14:2, 27, 37; 16:41, 46; 2S 24:16; 1Ch 21:15; 2Ch 32:21; Ps 106:25; Mt 13:39; Ac 12:23; Php 2:14; 2Th 1:7; He 11:28; Jde 1:16; Rv 16:1.

examples for us.

11 Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come. 12 Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall. 13 There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God [is] faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear [it].

[11] Ro 15:4; 1Co 7:29; 9:10; Php 4:5; He 10:25, 37; 1Jn 2:18.
[12] Pv 16:18; 28:14; Mt 26:33, 40; Ro 11:20; 1Co 4:6; 8:2; Rv 3:17.
[13] Gn 19:20; Ex 3:17; Dt 7:9; Ps 36:5; 89:33; 124:7; 125:3; Is 11:5; 25:1; 49:7; Jr 12:5; 29:11; Lm 3:23; Dn 3:17; Ho 2:20; Mt 24:21; Lk 11:4; 16:26; 22:31, 32, 46; Jn 10:28; Ac 27:44; Ro 8:28; 1Co 1:9; 2Co 1:10; 11:23; 12:8; Ep 6:12; 1Th 5:24; 2Th 3:3; 2Ti 2:11; 4:18; He 6:18; 10:23; 11:11, 35; 12:4; Jm 5:10, 11; 1P 1:5, 6; 4:19; 5:8; 2P 2:9; 1Jn 1:9; Rv 2:10; 3:10; 19:11.

We must flee from idolatry.

14 Wherefore, my dearly beloved, flee from idolatry. 15 I speak as to wise men; judge ye what I say. 16 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? 17 For we [being] many are one bread, [and] one body: for we are all partakers of that one bread. 18 Behold Israel after the flesh: are not they which eat of the sacrifices partakers of the altar? 19 What say I then? that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing? 20 But I [say], that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils.

[14] Ro 12:19; 1Co 10:7, 20; 2Co 6:17; 7:1; 11:11; 12:15, 19; Php 4:1; Phm 1:1; 1P 2:11; 1Jn 5:21; Rv 2:14; 13:8; 21:8; 22:15.
[15] Jb 34:2; 1Co 4:10; 6:5; 8:1; 11:13; 14:20; 1Th 5:21.
[16] Mt 26:26; Mk 14:22; Lk 22:19; Jn 6:53; Ac 2:42, 46; 20:7, 11; 1Co 1:9; 10:20, 21; 11:23; 12:13; He 3:14; 1Jn 1:3, 7.
[17] Ro 12:5; 1Co 10:3, 21; 11:26; 12:12, 27; Ga 3:26; Ep 1:22; 2:15; 3:6; 4:12, 25; Col 2:19; 3:11, 15.
[18] Lv 3:3, 11; 7:11; 1S 2:13; 9:12; Ro 4:1, 12; 9:3; 1Co 9:13; 2Co 11:18; Ga 6:16; Ep 2:11; Php 3:3.
[19] Dt 32:21; Is 40:17; 41:29; 1Co 1:28; 3:7; 8:4; 13:2; 2Co 12:11.
[20] Lv 17:7; Dt 32:16; 2Ch 11:15; Ps 106:37; 2Co 4:4; Rv 9:20.

We must not make the Lord's table the table of devils:

21 Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils. 22 Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he? 23 All things are lawful for me, but all things are not expedient: all things are lawful for me, but all things edify not.

[21] Dt 32:37; 1K 18:21; Mt 6:24; 1Co 8:10; 10:16; 2Co 6:15.
[22] Ex 20:5; 34:14; Dt 4:24; 6:15; 32:16, 21; Jsh 24:19; Jb 9:4; 40:9; Ps 78:58; Ezk 22:14; Zp 1:18; He 10:31.
[23] Ro 14:15, 19, 20; 15:1; 1Co 6:12; 8:1, 9; 14:3, 12, 17, 26; 2Co 12:19; Ep 4:29; 1Th 5:11; 1Ti 1:4.

and in things indifferent we must have regards of our brethren.

24 Let no man seek his own, but every man another's [wealth]. 25 Whatsoever is sold in the shambles, [that] eat, asking no question for conscience sake: 26 For the earth [is] the Lord's, and the fulness thereof. 27 If any of them that believe not bid you [to a feast], and ye be disposed to go; whatsoever is set before you, eat, asking no question for conscience sake. 28 But if any man say unto you, This is offered in sacrifice unto idols, eat not for his sake that shewed it, and for conscience sake: for the earth [is] the Lord's, and the fulness thereof: 29 Conscience, I say, not thine own, but of the other: for why is my liberty judged of another [man's] conscience? 30 For if I by grace be a partaker, why am I evil spoken of for that for which I give thanks? 31 Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God. 32 Give none offence, neither to the Jews, nor to the Gentiles, nor to the church of God: 33 Even as I please all [men] in all [things], not seeking mine own profit, but the [profit] of many, that they may be saved.

[24] 1Co 9:19; 10:33; 13:5; Php 2:4, 21.
[25] Ro 13:5; 14:14; 1Co 8:7; 10:27; 1Ti 4:4; Tit 1:15.
[26] Ex 19:5; Dt 10:14; Jb 41:11; Ps 24:1; 50:12; 1Co 10:28; 1Ti 6:17.
[27] Lk 5:29; 10:7; 15:23; 19:7; 1Co 5:9; 10:25; 2Co 1:13; 4:2; 5:11.
[28] Ex 9:29; Dt 10:14; Ps 24:1; 115:16; Jr 27:5; Mt 6:31; Ro 14:15; 1Co 8:10; 10:26.
[29] Ro 14:15, 16; 1Co 8:9; 10:32; 2Co 8:21; 1Th 5:22.
[30] Ro 14:6; 1Ti 4:3.
[31] Dt 12:7, 12, 18; Ne 8:16; Zc 7:5; Lk 11:41; 1Co 7:34; Col 3:17, 23; 1P 4:11.
[32] Ac 20:28; Ro 14:13; 1Co 8:13; 10:33; 11:22; 2Co 6:3; Php 1:10; 1Ti 3:5, 15.
[33] Ro 15:2; 1Co 9:19; 10:24; 2Co 11:28; 12:19.


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