NASB — 1 Chronicles 21 — KJV

Census Brings Pestilence

1 aThen Satan stood up against Israel and moved David to number Israel. 2 So David said to Joab and to the princes of the people, “aGo, number Israel from Beersheba even to Dan, and bring me [word] that I may know their number.” 3 Joab said, “aMay the LORD add to His people a hundred times as many as they are! But, my lord the king, are they not all my lord’s servants? Why does my lord seek this thing? Why should he be a cause of guilt to Israel?” 4 Nevertheless, the king’s word prevailed against Joab. Therefore, Joab departed and went throughout all Israel, and came to Jerusalem. 5 Joab gave the number of the Icensus of [all] the people to David. And aall Israel were 1,100,000 men who drew the sword; and Judah [was] 470,000 men who drew the sword. 6 aBut he did not Inumber Levi and Benjamin among them, for the king’s IIcommand was abhorrent to Joab.

[1] a2S 24:1-25
[2] a1Ch 27:23, 24
[3] aDt 1:11
[5] ILit muster a2S 24:9
[6] ILit muster IILit word a1Ch 27:24

7IGod was displeased with this thing, so He struck Israel. 8 David said to God, “I have sinned greatly, in that I have done this thing. aBut now, please take away the iniquity of Your servant, for I have done very foolishly.”

[7] ILit it was evil in the sight of God
[8] a2S 12:13

9 ¶ The LORD spoke to aGad, David’s bseer, saying, 10 “Go and speak to David, saying, ‘Thus says the LORD, “I Ioffer you three things; choose for yourself one of them, which I will do to you.”’” 11 So Gad came to David and said to him, “Thus says the LORD, ‘Take for yourself 12 aeither three years of famine, or three months to be swept away before your foes, while the sword of your enemies overtakes [you], or else three days of the sword of the LORD, even pestilence in the land, and the angel of the LORD destroying throughout all the territory of Israel.’ Now, therefore, consider what answer I shall return to Him who sent me.” 13 David said to Gad, “I am in great distress; please let me fall into the hand of the LORD, afor His mercies are very great. But do not let me fall into the hand of man.”

[9] a2S 24:11; 1Ch 29:29 b1S 9:9
[10] ILit stretch out to
[12] a2S 24:13
[13] aPs 51:1; 130:4, 7

14aSo the LORD Isent a pestilence on Israel; 70,000 men of Israel fell. 15 And God sent an angel to Jerusalem to destroy it; but as he was about to destroy [it], the LORD saw and awas sorry over the calamity, and said to the destroying angel, “It is enough; now relax your hand.” And the angel of the LORD was standing by the threshing floor of IOrnan the Jebusite. 16 Then David lifted up his eyes and saw the angel of the LORD standing between earth and heaven, with his drawn sword in his hand stretched out over Jerusalem. Then David and the elders, acovered with sackcloth, fell on their faces. 17 David said to God, “Is it not I who Icommanded to count the people? Indeed, I am the one who has sinned and done very wickedly, abut these sheep, what have they done? O LORD my God, please let Your hand be against me and my father’s household, but not against Your people that they should be plagued.”

[14] ILit gave a1Ch 27:24
[15] IIn 2S 24:16, Araunah aEx 32:14; 1S 15:11; Jna 3:10
[16] a1K 21:27
[17] ILit said a2S 7:8; Ps 74:1

David’s Altar

18aThen the angel of the LORD Icommanded Gad to say to David, that David should go up and build an altar to the LORD on the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite. 19 So David went up at the word of Gad, which he spoke in the name of the LORD. 20 Now Ornan turned back and saw the angel, and his four sons [who were] with him hid themselves. And Ornan was threshing wheat. 21 As David came to Ornan, Ornan looked and saw David, and went out from the threshing floor and prostrated himself Ibefore David with his face to the ground. 22 Then David said to Ornan, “Give me the Isite of [this] threshing floor, that I may build on it an altar to the LORD; for the full price you shall give it to me, that the plague may be restrained from the people.” 23 Ornan said to David, “Take [it] for yourself; and let my lord the king do what is good in his sight. See, I will give the oxen for burnt offerings and the threshing sledges for wood and the wheat for the grain offering; I will give [it] all.” 24 But King David said to Ornan, “No, but I will surely buy [it] for the full price; for I will not take what is yours for the LORD, or offer a burnt offering Iwhich costs me nothing.” 25 So aDavid gave Ornan 600 shekels of gold by weight for the Isite. 26 Then David built an altar to the LORD there and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. And he called to the LORD and aHe answered him with fire from heaven on the altar of burnt offering. 27 The LORD commanded the angel, and he put his sword back in its sheath.

[18] ILit said to a2Ch 3:1
[21] ILit to
[22] ILit place
[24] ILit gratuitously
[25] ILit place a2S 24:24
[26] aLv 9:24; Jg 6:21

28 ¶ At that time, when David saw that the LORD had answered him on the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite, he offered sacrifice there. 29 aFor the tabernacle of the LORD, which Moses had made in the wilderness, and the altar of burnt offering [were] in the high place at Gibeon at that time. 30 But David could not go before it to inquire of God, for he was terrified by the sword of the angel of the LORD.

[29] a1K 3:4; 1Ch 16:39


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David, tempted by Satan, forceth Joab to number the people.

1 ¶ And Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked David to number Israel. 2 And David said to Joab and to the rulers of the people, Go, number Israel from Beersheba even to Dan; and bring the number of them to me, that I may know [it]. 3 And Joab answered, The LORD make his people an hundred times so many more as they [be]: but, my lord the king, [are] they not all my lord's servants? why then doth my lord require this thing? why will he be a cause of trespass to Israel? 4 Nevertheless the king's word prevailed against Joab. Wherefore Joab departed, and went throughout all Israel, and came to Jerusalem.

[1] 2S 24:1; 1K 22:20; Jb 1:6; 2:1, 4; Zc 3:1; Mt 4:3; Lk 11:53; 22:31; Jn 13:2; Ac 5:3; He 10:24; Jm 1:13; Rv 12:10.
[2] Dt 8:13; Jg 20:1; 1S 3:20; 2S 3:10; 17:11; 24:2, 15; 1K 4:25; 1Ch 27:23; 2Ch 30:5; 32:25; Pv 29:23; 2Co 12:7.
[3] Gn 20:9; Ex 32:21; Nu 32:9; 1S 2:24; 1K 14:16; 1Ch 19:13; Ps 115:14; Pv 14:28; Is 26:15; 48:19.
[4] Ex 1:17; 2S 24:3; Ec 8:4; Dn 3:18; Ac 5:29.

The number of the people being brought, David repenteth of it.

5 ¶ And Joab gave the sum of the number of the people unto David. And all [they of] Israel were a thousand thousand and an hundred thousand men that drew sword: and Judah [was] four hundred threescore and ten thousand men that drew sword. 6 But Levi and Benjamin counted he not among them: for the king's word was abominable to Joab. 7 And God was displeased with this thing; therefore he smote Israel. 8 And David said unto God, I have sinned greatly, because I have done this thing: but now, I beseech thee, do away the iniquity of thy servant; for I have done very foolishly.

[5] 2S 24:9; 1Ch 27:23.
[6] Nu 1:47; 2S 3:27; 11:15; 20:9.
[7] Jsh 7:1, 5, 13; 22:16; 2S 11:27; 21:1, 14; 24:1; 1K 15:5; 1Ch 21:14.
[8] Gn 34:7; 1S 13:13; 26:21; 2S 12:13; 13:13; 24:10; 2Ch 10:9; Ps 25:11; 32:5; 51:1; Jr 3:13; Ho 14:2; Lk 15:18; Jn 1:29; 1Jn 1:9.

David, having three plagues propounded by Gad, chooseth the pestilence.

9 ¶ And the LORD spake unto Gad, David's seer, saying, 10 Go and tell David, saying, Thus saith the LORD, I offer thee three [things]: choose thee one of them, that I may do [it] unto thee. 11 So Gad came to David, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Choose thee 12 Either three years' famine; or three months to be destroyed before thy foes, while that the sword of thine enemies overtaketh [thee]; or else three days the sword of the LORD, even the pestilence, in the land, and the angel of the LORD destroying throughout all the coasts of Israel. Now therefore advise thyself what word I shall bring again to him that sent me. 13 And David said unto Gad, I am in a great strait: let me fall now into the hand of the LORD; for very great [are] his mercies: but let me not fall into the hand of man.

[9] 1S 9:9; 2S 24:11; 1Ch 29:29.
[10] Nu 20:12; Jsh 24:15; 2S 12:10; 1K 13:21; Pv 1:29; 3:12; Rv 3:19.
[11] Pv 19:20.
[12] Ex 12:23; Lv 26:10, 17, 25, 26, 36; Dt 28:15, 22, 25, 27, 35, 51; 2S 21:1; 24:13; 1K 17:1; 2K 8:1; 19:35; 1Ch 21:15, 16; Ps 91:6; Is 66:16; Jr 12:12; 42:16; 47:6; Lm 4:9; Ezk 14:19; Mt 13:49; Lk 4:25; Ac 12:23; Rv 7:1.
[13] Ex 34:6; 2K 6:15; 7:4; 2Ch 28:9; Es 4:11, 16; Ps 5:7; 51:1; 69:13, 16; 86:5, 15; 103:8; 106:7; 130:7; Pv 12:10; Is 46:7; 47:6; 55:7; 63:7, 15; Lm 3:32; Jna 3:9; 4:2; Mi 7:18; Hab 3:2; Jn 12:27; Php 1:23; He 10:31.

After the death of seventy thousand, David by repentance preventeth the destruction of Jerusalem. David, by Gad's direction, purchaseth Ornan's threshingfloor: where having built an altar, God giveth a sign of his favour by fire, and stayeth the plague.

14 ¶ So the LORD sent pestilence upon Israel: and there fell of Israel seventy thousand men. 15 And God sent an angel unto Jerusalem to destroy it: and as he was destroying, the LORD beheld, and he repented him of the evil, and said to the angel that destroyed, It is enough, stay now thine hand. And the angel of the LORD stood by the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite. 16 And David lifted up his eyes, and saw the angel of the LORD stand between the earth and the heaven, having a drawn sword in his hand stretched out over Jerusalem. Then David and the elders [of Israel, who were] clothed in sackcloth, fell upon their faces. 17 And David said unto God, [Is it] not I [that] commanded the people to be numbered? even I it is that have sinned and done evil indeed; but [as for] these sheep, what have they done? let thine hand, I pray thee, O LORD my God, be on me, and on my father's house; but not on thy people, that they should be plagued.

[14] Ex 12:30; Nu 16:46; 25:9; 1S 6:19; 2S 24:15; 2K 19:35.
[15] Gn 6:6; Ex 9:28; 32:14; Jg 2:18; 10:16; 2S 24:16, 18; 1K 19:4; 2Ch 3:1; Ps 78:38; 90:13; Jr 7:12; 18:7; 26:9, 18; Jna 4:2; Mt 23:37; Mk 14:41.
[16] Gn 3:24; Ex 14:19; Nu 14:5; 16:22; 22:31; Jsh 5:13; 1K 21:27; 2K 6:17; 19:1; Ps 35:13; Jna 3:6.
[17] Gn 44:33; Ex 20:5; 32:32; Jsh 22:18; 2S 12:10; 24:1, 17; 1K 22:17; 1Ch 21:8; Ps 44:11; 51:4, 14; Is 39:7; Ezk 16:63; Jn 10:11; Ro 9:3; 1Jn 3:16.

18 ¶ Then the angel of the LORD commanded Gad to say to David, that David should go up, and set up an altar unto the LORD in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite. 19 And David went up at the saying of Gad, which he spake in the name of the LORD. 20 And Ornan turned back, and saw the angel; and his four sons with him hid themselves. Now Ornan was threshing wheat. 21 And as David came to Ornan, Ornan looked and saw David, and went out of the threshingfloor, and bowed himself to David with [his] face to the ground. 22 Then David said to Ornan, Grant me the place of [this] threshingfloor, that I may build an altar therein unto the LORD: thou shalt grant it me for the full price: that the plague may be stayed from the people. 23 And Ornan said unto David, Take [it] to thee, and let my lord the king do [that which is] good in his eyes: lo, I give [thee] the oxen [also] for burnt offerings, and the threshing instruments for wood, and the wheat for the meat offering; I give it all. 24 And king David said to Ornan, Nay; but I will verily buy it for the full price: for I will not take [that] which [is] thine for the LORD, nor offer burnt offerings without cost. 25 So David gave to Ornan for the place six hundred shekels of gold by weight. 26 And David built there an altar unto the LORD, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings, and called upon the LORD; and he answered him from heaven by fire upon the altar of burnt offering. 27 And the LORD commanded the angel; and he put up his sword again into the sheath thereof.

[18] 2S 24:18; 1Ch 21:11, 15; 2Ch 3:1; Ac 8:26.
[19] 2K 5:10; Jn 2:5; Ac 9:6.
[20] Jg 6:11.
[21] 1S 25:23; 2S 24:18.
[22] Nu 16:48; 25:8; 2S 24:21; 1K 21:2.
[23] Gn 23:4; 1S 6:14; 2S 24:22; 1K 19:21; Is 28:27; Jr 32:8.
[24] Gn 14:23; 23:13; Dt 16:16; Mal 1:12; Ro 12:17.
[25] 2S 24:24.
[26] Ex 20:24; 24:4; Lv 9:24; Jg 6:21; 13:20; 1S 7:8; 1K 18:24, 38; 2Ch 3:1; 7:1; Ps 51:15; 91:15; 99:9; Pv 15:8; Is 65:24; Jr 33:3.
[27] 2S 24:16; 1Ch 21:12, 15, 20; Ps 103:20; Jr 47:6; Ezk 21:30; Mt 26:52; Jn 18:11; He 1:14.

David sacrificeth there, being restrained from Gibeon by fear of the angel.

28 ¶ At that time when David saw that the LORD had answered him in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite, then he sacrificed there. 29 For the tabernacle of the LORD, which Moses made in the wilderness, and the altar of the burnt offering, [were] at that season in the high place at Gibeon. 30 But David could not go before it to enquire of God: for he was afraid because of the sword of the angel of the LORD.

[29] Ex 40:1; 1K 3:4; 1Ch 16:39; 2Ch 1:3, 13.
[30] Dt 10:12; 2S 6:9; 1Ch 13:12; 21:16; Jb 13:21; 21:6; 23:15; Ps 90:11; 119:120; Jr 5:22; 10:7; He 12:28; Rv 1:17; 15:4.


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