Census Brings Pestilence
1 aThen Satan° stood° up against° Israel° and moved° David° to number° Israel°. 2 So David° said° to Joab° and to the princes° of the people°, “aGo°, number° Israel° from Beersheba° even to Dan°, and bring° me [word] that I may know° their number°.” 3 Joab° said°, “aMay the LORD° add° to His people° a hundred° times° as many as they are! But, my lord° the king°, are they not all° my lord’s° servants°? Why° does my lord° seek° this° thing°? Why° should he be a cause° of guilt° to Israel°?” 4 Nevertheless, the king’s° word° prevailed° against° Joab°. Therefore, Joab° departed° and went° throughout all° Israel°, and came° to Jerusalem°. 5 Joab° gave° the number° of the Icensus° of [all] the people° to David°. And aall° Israel° were 1,100,000°°°° men° who drew° the sword°; and Judah° [was] 470,000°°°° men° who drew° the sword°. 6 aBut he did not Inumber° Levi° and Benjamin° among° them, for the king’s° IIcommand° was abhorrent° to Joab°.
 a2S 24:1-25
 a1Ch 27:23, 24
 aDt 1:11
 ILit muster a2S 24:9
 ILit muster IILit word a1Ch 27:24
7 ¶ IGod° was displeased°° with this° thing°, so He struck° Israel°. 8 David° said° to God°, “I have sinned° greatly°, in that I have done° this° thing°. aBut now°, please° take° away° the iniquity° of Your servant°, for I have done° very° foolishly°.”
9 ¶ The LORD° spoke° to aGad°, David’s° bseer°, saying°, 10 “Go° and speak° to David°, saying°, ‘Thus° says° the LORD°, “I Ioffer° you three° things°; choose° for yourself one° of them, which I will do° to you.”’” 11 So Gad° came° to David° and said° to him, “Thus° says° the LORD°, ‘Take° for yourself 12 aeither° three° years° of famine°, or three° months° to be swept° away° before°° your foes°, while the sword° of your enemies° overtakes° [you], or else three° days° of the sword° of the LORD°, even pestilence° in the land°, and the angel° of the LORD° destroying° throughout all° the territory° of Israel°.’ Now°, therefore, consider° what° answer° I shall return° to Him who sent° me.” 13 David° said° to Gad°, “I am in great° distress°; please° let me fall° into the hand° of the LORD°, afor His mercies° are very° great°. But do not let me fall° into the hand° of man°.”
14 ¶ aSo the LORD° Isent° a pestilence° on Israel°; 70,000°° men° of Israel° fell°. 15 And God° sent° an angel° to Jerusalem° to destroy° it; but as he was about to destroy° [it], the LORD° saw° and awas sorry° over° the calamity°, and said° to the destroying° angel°, “It is enough°; now° relax° your hand°.” And the angel° of the LORD° was standing° by the threshing° floor° of IOrnan° the Jebusite°. 16 Then David° lifted° up his eyes° and saw° the angel° of the LORD° standing° between° earth° and heaven°, with his drawn° sword° in his hand° stretched° out over° Jerusalem°. Then David° and the elders°, acovered° with sackcloth°, fell° on their faces°. 17 David° said° to God°, “Is it not I who Icommanded° to count° the people°? Indeed, I am the one who° has sinned° and done° very° wickedly°, abut these° sheep°, what° have they done°? O LORD° my God°, please° let Your hand° be against me and my father’s° household°, but not against Your people° that they should be plagued°.”
 ILit gave a1Ch 27:24
 IIn 2S 24:16, Araunah aEx 32:14; 1S 15:11; Jna 3:10
 a1K 21:27
 ILit said a2S 7:8; Ps 74:1
18 ¶ aThen the angel° of the LORD° Icommanded° Gad° to say° to David°, that David° should go° up and build° an altar° to the LORD° on the threshing° floor° of Ornan° the Jebusite°. 19 So David° went° up at the word° of Gad°, which° he spoke° in the name° of the LORD°. 20 Now Ornan° turned° back° and saw° the angel°, and his four° sons° [who were] with him hid° themselves. And Ornan° was threshing° wheat°. 21 As David° came° to Ornan°, Ornan° looked° and saw° David°, and went° out from the threshing° floor° and prostrated° himself Ibefore David° with his face° to the ground°. 22 Then David° said° to Ornan°, “Give° me the Isite° of [this] threshing° floor°, that I may build° on it an altar° to the LORD°; for the full° price° you shall give° it to me, that the plague° may be restrained° from the people°.” 23 Ornan° said° to David°, “Take° [it] for yourself; and let my lord° the king° do° what° is good° in his sight°. See°, I will give° the oxen° for burnt° offerings° and the threshing° sledges° for wood° and the wheat° for the grain offering°; I will give° [it] all°.” 24 But King° David° said° to Ornan°, “No°, but I will surely° buy° [it] for the full° price°; for I will not take° what° is yours for the LORD°, or offer° a burnt° offering° Iwhich° costs° me nothing°.” 25 So aDavid° gave° Ornan° 600°° shekels° of gold° by weight° for the Isite°. 26 Then David° built° an altar° to the LORD° there° and offered° burnt° offerings° and peace° offerings°. And he called° to the LORD° and aHe answered° him with fire° from heaven° on the altar° of burnt° offering°. 27 The LORD° commanded° the angel°, and he put° his sword° back° in its sheath°.
 ILit said to a2Ch 3:1
 ILit to
 ILit place
 ILit gratuitously
 ILit place a2S 24:24
 aLv 9:24; Jg 6:21
28 ¶ At that time°, when David° saw° that the LORD° had answered° him on the threshing° floor° of Ornan° the Jebusite°, he offered° sacrifice° there°. 29 aFor the tabernacle° of the LORD°, which° Moses° had made° in the wilderness°, and the altar° of burnt° offering° [were] in the high° place° at Gibeon° at that time°. 30 But David° could° not go° before° it to inquire° of God°, for he was terrified° by the sword° of the angel° of the LORD°.
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David, tempted by Satan, forceth Joab to number the people.
1 ¶ And Satanº stood upºª against² Israel,º and provokedºª² Davidº to numberºª² Israel.º 2 And Davidº saidºª to² Joabº and to² the rulersº of the people,º Go,¹ª² numberºª² Israelº from Beershebaº² even to² Dan;º and bringºª² the numberº of them to² me, that I may knowºª [it]. 3 And Joabº answered,ºª The LORDº make his peopleº an hundredº timesº so many moreºª as theyº [be]: but, my lordº the king,º [are] they not² all² my lord'sº servants?º why² then doth my lordº requireºª this thing?² why² will he be² a cause of trespassº to Israel?º 4 Nevertheless the king'sº wordº prevailedºª against² Joab.º Wherefore Joabº departed,ºª and wentºª throughout all² Israel,º and cameºª to Jerusalem.º
 2S 24:1; 1K 22:20; Jb 1:6; 2:1, 4; Zc 3:1; Mt 4:3; Lk 11:53; 22:31; Jn 13:2; Ac 5:3; He 10:24; Jm 1:13; Rv 12:10.
 Dt 8:13; Jg 20:1; 1S 3:20; 2S 3:10; 17:11; 24:2, 15; 1K 4:25; 1Ch 27:23; 2Ch 30:5; 32:25; Pv 29:23; 2Co 12:7.
 Gn 20:9; Ex 32:21; Nu 32:9; 1S 2:24; 1K 14:16; 1Ch 19:13; Ps 115:14; Pv 14:28; Is 26:15; 48:19.
 Ex 1:17; 2S 24:3; Ec 8:4; Dn 3:18; Ac 5:29.
The number of the people being brought, David repenteth of it.
5 ¶ And Joabº gaveºª² the sumº of the numberº of the peopleº unto² David.º And all² [they of] Israelº were² a thousandº thousandº and an hundredº thousandº menº that drewºª sword:º and Judahº [was] fourº hundredº threescore and tenº thousandº menº that drewºª sword.º 6 But Leviº and Benjaminº countedºª he not² amongº them: for² the king'sº wordº was abominableºª to² Joab.º 7 And Godº was displeasedººª with² this² thing;º therefore he smoteºª² Israel.º 8 And Davidº saidºª unto² God,º I have sinnedºª greatly,º because² I have doneºª² this² thing:º but now,² I beseech thee,² do awayºª² the iniquityº of thy servant;º for² I have done very¹ foolishly.ºª²
 2S 24:9; 1Ch 27:23.
 Nu 1:47; 2S 3:27; 11:15; 20:9.
 Jsh 7:1, 5, 13; 22:16; 2S 11:27; 21:1, 14; 24:1; 1K 15:5; 1Ch 21:14.
 Gn 34:7; 1S 13:13; 26:21; 2S 12:13; 13:13; 24:10; 2Ch 10:9; Ps 25:11; 32:5; 51:1; Jr 3:13; Ho 14:2; Lk 15:18; Jn 1:29; 1Jn 1:9.
David, having three plagues propounded by Gad, chooseth the pestilence.
9 ¶ And the LORDº spakeºª unto² Gad,º David'sº seer,º saying,ºª 10 Go¹ª² and tellºª² David,º saying,ºª Thus² saithºª the LORD,º I² offerºª² thee threeº [things]: chooseºª thee oneº of them,¹²² that I may doºª [it] unto thee. 11 So Gadº cameºª to² David,º and saidºª unto him, Thus² saithºª the LORD,º Chooseºª thee 12 Either² threeº years'º famine;º or² threeº monthsº to be destroyedºª beforeº² thy foes,º while that the swordº of thine enemiesºª overtakethºª [thee]; or¹ else² threeº daysº the swordº of the LORD,º even the pestilence,º in the land,º and the angelº of the LORDº destroyingºª throughout all² the coastsº of Israel.º Now² therefore adviseºª thyself what² wordº I shall bring againºª² to him that sentºª me. 13 And Davidº saidºª unto² Gad,º I am in a great¹ strait:ºª² let me fallºª now² into the handº of the LORD;º for² veryº greatº [are] his mercies:º but let me not² fallºª into the handº of man.º
 1S 9:9; 2S 24:11; 1Ch 29:29.
 Nu 20:12; Jsh 24:15; 2S 12:10; 1K 13:21; Pv 1:29; 3:12; Rv 3:19.
 Pv 19:20.
 Ex 12:23; Lv 26:10, 17, 25, 26, 36; Dt 28:15, 22, 25, 27, 35, 51; 2S 21:1; 24:13; 1K 17:1; 2K 8:1; 19:35; 1Ch 21:15, 16; Ps 91:6; Is 66:16; Jr 12:12; 42:16; 47:6; Lm 4:9; Ezk 14:19; Mt 13:49; Lk 4:25; Ac 12:23; Rv 7:1.
 Ex 34:6; 2K 6:15; 7:4; 2Ch 28:9; Es 4:11, 16; Ps 5:7; 51:1; 69:13, 16; 86:5, 15; 103:8; 106:7; 130:7; Pv 12:10; Is 46:7; 47:6; 55:7; 63:7, 15; Lm 3:32; Jna 3:9; 4:2; Mi 7:18; Hab 3:2; Jn 12:27; Php 1:23; He 10:31.
After the death of seventy thousand, David by repentance preventeth the destruction of Jerusalem. David, by Gad's direction, purchaseth Ornan's threshingfloor: where having built an altar, God giveth a sign of his favour by fire, and stayeth the plague.
14 ¶ So the LORDº sentºª pestilenceº upon Israel:º and there fellºª of Israelº² seventyº thousandº men.º 15 And Godº sentºª an angelº unto Jerusalemº to destroyºª it: and as he was destroying,ºª the LORDº beheld,ºª and he repented¹ª him² of² the evil,º and saidºª to the angelº that destroyed,ºª It is enough,º stayºª now² thine hand.º And the angelº of the LORDº stoodºª by² the threshingfloorº of Ornanº the Jebusite.º 16 And Davidº lifted upºª² his eyes,º and sawºª² the angelº of the LORDº standºª between² the earthº and the heaven,º having a drawnºª swordº in his handº stretched outºª over² Jerusalem.º Then Davidº and the eldersº [of Israel, who were] clothedºª in sackcloth,º fellºª upon² their faces.º 17 And Davidº saidºª unto² God,º [Is it] not² I² [that] commandedºª the peopleº to be numbered?ºª even I² it² is that² have sinnedºª and done evil¹ª indeed;ºª but [as for] these² sheep,º what² have they done?ºª let thine hand,º I pray thee,² O LORDº my God,º be² on me, and on my father'sº house;º but not² on thy people,º that they should be plagued.º
 Ex 12:30; Nu 16:46; 25:9; 1S 6:19; 2S 24:15; 2K 19:35.
 Gn 6:6; Ex 9:28; 32:14; Jg 2:18; 10:16; 2S 24:16, 18; 1K 19:4; 2Ch 3:1; Ps 78:38; 90:13; Jr 7:12; 18:7; 26:9, 18; Jna 4:2; Mt 23:37; Mk 14:41.
 Gn 3:24; Ex 14:19; Nu 14:5; 16:22; 22:31; Jsh 5:13; 1K 21:27; 2K 6:17; 19:1; Ps 35:13; Jna 3:6.
 Gn 44:33; Ex 20:5; 32:32; Jsh 22:18; 2S 12:10; 24:1, 17; 1K 22:17; 1Ch 21:8; Ps 44:11; 51:4, 14; Is 39:7; Ezk 16:63; Jn 10:11; Ro 9:3; 1Jn 3:16.
18 ¶ Then the angelº of the LORDº commandedºª² Gadº to sayºª to David,º that² Davidº should go up,ºª and set upºª an altarº unto the LORDº in the threshingfloorº of Ornanº the Jebusite.º 19 And Davidº went upºª at the sayingº of Gad,º which² he spakeºª in the nameº of the LORD.º 20 And Ornanº turned back,ºª and sawºª² the angel;º and his fourº sonsº with² him hid¹ª themselves.² Now Ornanº was threshingºª wheat.º 21 And as Davidº cameºª to² Ornan,º Ornanº lookedºª and sawºª² David,º and went outºª of² the threshingfloor,º and bowed¹ª himself² to Davidº with [his] faceº to the ground.º 22 Then Davidº saidºª to² Ornan,º Grantºª me the placeº of [this] threshingfloor,º that I may buildºª an altarº therein unto the LORD:º thou shalt grantºª it me for the fullº price:º that the plagueº may be stayedºª from²² the people.º 23 And Ornanº saidºª unto² David,º Takeºª [it] to thee, and let my lordº the kingº doºª [that which is] goodº in his eyes:º lo,ºª I giveºª [thee] the oxenº [also] for burnt offerings,º and the threshing instrumentsº for wood,º and the wheatº for the meat offering;º I giveºª it all.² 24 And kingº Davidº saidºª to Ornan,º Nay;² but² I will verily¹ª buyºª it for the fullº price:º for² I will not² takeºª [that] which² [is] thine for the LORD,º nor offerºª burnt offeringsº without cost.º 25 So Davidº gaveºª to Ornanº for the placeº sixº hundredº shekelsº of goldº by weight.º 26 And Davidº builtºª there² an altarº unto the LORD,º and offeredºª burnt offeringsº and peace offerings,º and calledºª upon² the LORD;º and he answeredºª him from² heavenº by fireº upon² the altarº of burnt offering.º 27 And the LORDº commandedºª the angel;º and he put up¹ª his sword¹ againºª² into² the sheathº thereof.
 2S 24:18; 1Ch 21:11, 15; 2Ch 3:1; Ac 8:26.
 2K 5:10; Jn 2:5; Ac 9:6.
 Jg 6:11.
 1S 25:23; 2S 24:18.
 Nu 16:48; 25:8; 2S 24:21; 1K 21:2.
 Gn 23:4; 1S 6:14; 2S 24:22; 1K 19:21; Is 28:27; Jr 32:8.
 Gn 14:23; 23:13; Dt 16:16; Mal 1:12; Ro 12:17.
 2S 24:24.
 Ex 20:24; 24:4; Lv 9:24; Jg 6:21; 13:20; 1S 7:8; 1K 18:24, 38; 2Ch 3:1; 7:1; Ps 51:15; 91:15; 99:9; Pv 15:8; Is 65:24; Jr 33:3.
 2S 24:16; 1Ch 21:12, 15, 20; Ps 103:20; Jr 47:6; Ezk 21:30; Mt 26:52; Jn 18:11; He 1:14.
David sacrificeth there, being restrained from Gibeon by fear of the angel.
28 ¶ At that² timeº when Davidº sawºª that² the LORDº had answeredºª him in the threshingfloorº of Ornanº the Jebusite,º then he sacrificedºª there.² 29 For the tabernacleº of the LORD,º which² Mosesº madeºª in the wilderness,º and the altarº of the burnt offering,º [were] at that² seasonº in the high placeº at Gibeon.º 30 But Davidº couldºª not² go¹ª² beforeº it to enquireºª of God:º for² he was afraidºª becauseº² of the swordº of the angelº of the LORD.º
 Ex 40:1; 1K 3:4; 1Ch 16:39; 2Ch 1:3, 13.
 Dt 10:12; 2S 6:9; 1Ch 13:12; 21:16; Jb 13:21; 21:6; 23:15; Ps 90:11; 119:120; Jr 5:22; 10:7; He 12:28; Rv 1:17; 15:4.
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