The People Rebel
1 Then all° the congregation° Ilifted° up their voices° and cried°, and the people° wept° IIthat night°. 2 All° the sons° of Israel° agrumbled° against° Moses° and Aaron°; and the whole° congregation° said° to them, “bWould° that we had died° in the land° of Egypt°! Or° would° that we had died° in this° wilderness°! 3 Why° is the LORD° bringing° us into this° land°, ato fall° by the sword°? bOur wives° and our little° ones° will become° plunder°; would it not be better° for us to return° to Egypt°?” 4 So they said° to one° another°, “aLet us appoint° a leader° and return° to Egypt°.”
 ILit lifted and gave their voice IILit in that
 aNu 11:1 bNu 11:5; 16:13; 20:3, 4; 21:5
 aEx 5:21; 16:3 bNu 14:31; Dt 1:39
 aNe 9:17
5 ¶ aThen Moses° and Aaron° fell° on their faces° in the presence° of all° the assembly° of the congregation° of the sons° of Israel°. 6 Joshua° the son° of Nun° and Caleb° the son° of Jephunneh°, of those who had spied° out the land°, tore° their clothes°; 7 and they spoke° to all° the congregation° of the sons° of Israel°, saying°, “aThe land° which° we passed° through° to spy° out is an exceedingly° good° land°. 8 aIf° the LORD° is pleased° with us, then He will bring° us into this° land° and give° it to usba land° which° flows° with milk° and honey°. 9 Only° ado not rebel° against the LORD°; and do not bfear° the people° of the land°, for they will be our Iprey°. Their IIprotection° has been removed° from them, and the LORD° is with us; do not fear° them.” 10 aBut all° the congregation° said° to stone° them with stones°. Then bthe glory° of the LORD° appeared° in the tent° of meeting° to all° the sons° of Israel°.
 aNu 16:4
 aNu 13:27; Dt 1:25
 aDt 10:15 bEx 3:8; Nu 13:27
 ILit food IILit shadow aDt 1:26; 9:23, 24 bDt 1:21, 29
 aEx 17:4 bEx 16:10; Lv 9:23
Moses Pleads for the People
11 ¶ aThe LORD° said° to Moses°, “How° long° will this° people° spurn° Me? And how° long° will bthey not believe° in Me, despite all° the signs° which° I have performed° in their midst°? 12 I will smite° them with Iapestilence° and dispossess° them, and I bwill make° you into a nation° greater° and mightier° than° they.”
13 ¶ aBut Moses° said° to the LORD°, “Then the Egyptians° will hear° of it, for by Your strength° You brought° up this° people° from their midst°, 14 and they will tell° [it] to the inhabitants° of this° land°. They have heard° that You, O LORD°, are in the midst° of this° people°, for aYou, O LORD°, are seen° eye° to eye°, while Your cloud° stands° over° them; and You go° before° them in a pillar° of cloud° by day° and in a pillar° of fire° by night°. 15 Now if You slay° this° people° as one° man°, athen the nations° who° have heard° of Your fame° will Isay°, 16 ‘Because° the LORD° acould° not bring° this° people° into the land° which° He promised° them by oath°, therefore He slaughtered° them in the wilderness°.’ 17 But now°, I pray°, let the power° of the Lord° be great°, just° as You have Ideclared°°, 18 ‘aThe LORD° is slow° to anger° and abundant° in lovingkindness°, forgiving° iniquity° and transgression°; but bHe will by no° means° clear° [the guilty], cvisiting° the iniquity° of the fathers° on the children° Ito the third° and the fourth° [generations].’ 19 aPardon°, I pray°, the iniquity° of this° people° according to the greatness° of Your lovingkindness°, just° as You also have forgiven° this° people°, from Egypt° even until° now°.”
 aEx 32:11-14; Ps 106:23
 aEx 13:21; Dt 5:4
 ILit speak, saying aEx 32:12
 aJsh 7:7
 ILit spoken, saying
 ILit on aEx 20:6; 34:6, 7; Dt 5:10; 7:9; Ps 103:8; 145:8; Jna 4:2 bEx 20:5; Dt 5:9; 7:10 cEx 34:7
 aEx 32:32; 34:9
The LORD Pardons and Rebukes
20 ¶ So the LORD° said°, “aI have pardoned° [them] according to your word°; 21 but indeed°, aas I live°, Iball° the earth° will be filled° with the glory° of the LORD°. 22 Surely° aall° the men° who have seen° My glory° and My signs° which° I performed° in Egypt° and in the wilderness°, yet bhave put° Me to the test° these° ten° times° and have not listened° to My voice°, 23 ashall by no° means° see° the land° which° I swore° to their fathers°, nor° shall any° of those who spurned° Me see° it. 24 But My servant° Caleb°, abecause° he has° had° a different° spirit° and has followed° Me fully°, IbI will bring° into the land° IIwhich° he entered°, and his IIIdescendants° shall take° possession° of it. 25 aNow the Amalekites° and the Canaanites° live° in the valleys°; turn° tomorrow° and set° out to the wilderness° by the way° of the IRed°° Sea°.”
 aMi 7:18-20
 ILit and all aNu 14:28; Dt 32:40; Is 49:18 bIs 6:3; Hab 2:14
 a1Co 10:5 bEx 5:21; 14:11; 15:24; 16:2; 17:2, 3; 32:1; Nu 11:1, 4; 12:1; 14:2
 aNu 26:65; 32:11; He 3:18
 ILit him I IILit where IIILit seed aNu 14:6-9 bNu 26:65; 32:12; Dt 1:36; Jsh 14:6-15
 ILit Sea of Reeds aNu 13:29
26 ¶ The LORD° spoke° to Moses° and Aaron°, saying°, 27 “How° long°° [shall I bear] with this° evil° congregation° who° are agrumbling° against° Me? I have heard° the complaints° of the sons° of Israel°, which° they are Imaking° against° Me. 28 Say° to them, ‘aAs I live°,’ says° the LORD°, ‘just° as byou have spoken° in My hearing°, so° I will surely do° to you; 29 ayour corpses° will fall° in this° wilderness°, even all° byour Inumbered° men, according to your complete° number° from twenty° years° old° and upward°, who° have grumbled° against° Me. 30 Surely° you shall not come° into the land° in which° I Iswore°° to settle° you, aexcept°° Caleb° the son° of Jephunneh° and Joshua° the son° of Nun°. 31 aYour children°, however, whom° you said° would become° a prey°I will bring° them in, and they will know° the land° which° you have rejected°. 32 aBut as for you, your corpses° will fall° in this° wilderness°. 33 Your sons° shall be shepherds° for aforty° years° in the wilderness°, and they will Isuffer° [for] your IIunfaithfulness°, until° your corpses° IIIlie° in the wilderness°. 34 According to the anumber° of days° which° you spied° out the land°, forty° days°, for every° day° you shall bear° your Iguilt° a year°, [even] forty° years°, and you will know° My opposition°. 35 aI, the LORD°, have spoken°, surely°° this° I will do° to all° this° evil° congregation° who are gathered° together against° Me. In this° wilderness° they shall be destroyed°, and there° they will die°.’”
 ILit complaining aNu 11:1
 aNu 14:21 bNu 14:2; Dt 2:14, 15; He 3:17
 ILit mustered aHe 3:17 bNu 1:45, 46
 ILit raised My hand aNu 14:24
 aNu 14:3
 aNu 26:64, 65; 32:13; 1Co 10:5
 ILit bear IILit fornications IIILit are finished aDt 2:7; 8:2, 4; 29:5
 IOr iniquities aNu 13:25
 aNu 23:19
36 ¶ aAs for the men° whom° Moses° sent° to spy° out the land° and who returned° and made all° the congregation° grumble° against° him by bringing° out a bad° report° concerning° the land°, 37 even athose men° who brought° out the very bad°° report° of the land° died° by a bplague° before° the LORD°. 38 But Joshua° the son° of Nun° and Caleb° the son° of Jephunneh° remained° alive° out of those° men° who went° to spy° out the land°.
39 ¶ When Moses° spoke° athese° words° to all° the sons° of Israel°, bthe people° mourned° greatly°. 40 In the morning°, however, they rose° up early° and went° up to the Iridge° of the hill° country°, saying°, “aHere° we are; IIwe have indeed° sinned°, but we will go° up to the place° which° the LORD° has promised°.” 41 But Moses° said°, “aWhy° then° are you transgressing° the Icommandment° of the LORD°, when it will not succeed°? 42 aDo not go° up, or° you will be struck° down° before° your enemies°, for the LORD° is not among° you. 43 For the Amalekites° and the Canaanites° will be there° in front° of you, and you will fall° by the sword°, inasmuch°°° as you have turned° back° from following° the LORD°. And the LORD° will not be with you.” 44 But they went° up heedlessly° to the Iridge° of the hill° country°; neither° athe ark° of the covenant° of the LORD° nor° Moses° left° the camp°. 45 Then the Amalekites° and the Canaanites° who lived° in that hill° country° came° down°, and struck° them and beat° them down° as far° as aHormah°.
 aNu 14:28-35 bEx 33:4
 IOr top of the mountain IIOr and we will go up...for we have sinned aDt 1:41-44
 ILit mouth a2Ch 24:20
 aDt 1:42
 IOr top of the mountain aNu 31:6
 aNu 21:3
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The people murmur at the news.
1 ¶ And all² the congregationº lifted upºª² their voice,º and cried;ºª and the peopleº weptºª that² night.º 2 And all² the childrenº of Israelº murmuredºª against² Mosesº and against² Aaron:º and the whole² congregationº saidºª unto² them, Would God¹ that² we had diedºª in the landº of Egypt!º or² would Godº we had diedºª in this² wilderness!º 3 And wherefore² hath the LORDº broughtºª us unto² this² land,º to fallºª by the sword,º that our wivesº and our childrenº should be² a prey?º were it not² betterº for us to returnºª into Egypt?º 4 And they saidºª oneº to² another,º Let us makeºª a captain,º and let us returnºª into Egypt.º 5 Then Mosesº and Aaronº fellºª on² their facesº beforeº all² the assemblyº of the congregationº of the childrenº of Israel.º
 Nu 11:1; Dt 1:45.
 Ex 15:24; 16:2; 17:3; Nu 11:15; 14:28; 16:41; Dt 1:27; 1K 19:4; Jb 3:11; 7:15; Ps 106:24, 45; Jna 4:3, 8; 1Co 10:10; Php 2:14; Jde 1:16.
 Nu 14:31; Ps 78:40; Jr 9:3.
 Dt 17:16; 28:68; Ne 9:16; Lk 17:32; Ac 7:39; He 10:38; 11:15; 2P 2:21.
 Gn 17:3; Lv 9:24; Nu 16:4, 22, 45; Jsh 5:14; 7:10; 1K 18:39; 1Ch 21:16; Ezk 9:8; Dn 10:9; Mt 26:39; Rv 4:10; 5:14; 7:11.
Joshua and Caleb labour to still them.
6 ¶ And Joshuaº the sonº of Nun,º and Calebº the sonº of Jephunneh,º [which were] of² them that searchedºª² the land,º rentºª their clothes:º 7 And they spakeºª unto² all² the companyº of the childrenº of Israel,º saying,ºª The land,º which² we passed¹ª through² to searchºª it, [is] an exceedingº goodº land.º 8 If² the LORDº delightºª in us, then he will bringºª us into² this² land,º and giveºª it us; a landº which² flowethºª with milkº and honey.º 9 Only² rebelºª not² ye against the LORD,º neither² fearºª ye²² the peopleº of the land;º for² they² [are] breadº for us: their defenceº is departedºª from²² them, and the LORDº [is] with² us: fearºª them not.² 10 But all² the congregationº badeºª stoneºª them with stones.º And the gloryº of the LORDº appearedºª in the tabernacleº of the congregationº before² all² the childrenº of Israel.º
 Gn 37:29, 34; 44:13; Nu 13:6, 8, 30; 14:24, 30, 38; Jsh 7:6; Jg 11:35; 2S 3:31; 2K 18:37; Jb 1:20; Jol 2:12; Mt 26:65.
 Nu 13:27; Dt 1:25; 6:10; 8:7.
 Nu 13:27; Dt 10:15; 2S 15:25; 22:20; 1K 10:9; Ps 22:8; 147:10; Is 62:4; Jr 32:41; Zp 3:17; Ro 8:31.
 Gn 48:21; Ex 33:16; Nu 24:8; Dt 7:18, 21; 9:7, 23; 20:1, 3; 31:6, 8; 32:42; Jsh 1:5; Jg 1:22; 2Ch 13:12; 15:2; 20:17; 32:8; Ps 14:4; 46:1, 7, 11; 74:14; 91:1; 121:5; Is 1:2; 8:9; 30:2; 32:2; 41:10, 14; 63:10; Jr 48:45; Dn 9:5, 9; Mt 1:23; Ro 8:31; Php 1:27.
 Ex 16:7, 10; 17:4; 24:16; 40:34; Lv 9:23; Nu 16:19, 42; 20:6; 1S 30:6; Mt 23:37; Ac 7:52, 59.
God threateneth them.
11 ¶ And the LORDº saidºª unto² Moses,º How long²² will this² peopleº provokeºª me? and how long²² will it be ereº they believeºª me, for all² the signsº which² I have shewedºª amongº them? 12 I will smiteºª them with the pestilence,º and disinheritºª them, and will makeºª of thee a greaterº nationº and mightierº than² they.
 Ex 10:3; 16:28; Nu 14:23, 27; Dt 1:32; 9:7, 22; Ps 78:22, 32, 41; 95:8; 106:24; Pv 1:22; Jr 4:14; Ho 8:5; Zc 8:14; Mt 17:17; Mk 9:19; Jn 10:38; 12:37; 15:24; He 3:8, 16, 18.
 Ex 5:3; 32:10; Nu 16:46; 25:9; 2S 24:1, 12.
Moses persuadeth God, and obtaineth pardon.
13 ¶ And Mosesº saidºª unto² the LORD,º Then the Egyptiansº shall hearºª [it], (for² thou broughtest upºª² this² peopleº in thy mightº from amongº² them;) 14 And they will tellºª [it] to² the inhabitantsºª of this² land:º [for] they have heardºª that² thou² LORDº [art] amongº this² people,º that² thou² LORDº art seenºª faceº to face,º and [that] thy cloudº standethºª over² them, and [that] thou² goestºª beforeº them, by day timeº in a pillarº of a cloud,º and in a pillarº of fireº by night.º
 Ex 32:12; Nu 14:19; Dt 9:26; 32:27; Jsh 7:8; Ps 106:23; Ezk 20:9, 14.
 Gn 32:30; Ex 13:21; 15:14; 33:11; 40:38; Nu 9:15; 10:34; 12:8; Dt 5:4; 34:10; Jsh 2:9; 5:1; Ne 9:12, 19; Ps 78:14; 105:39; Jn 1:18; 14:9; 1Co 13:12; 1Jn 3:2.
15 ¶ Now [if] thou shalt killºª [all]² this² peopleº as oneº man,º then the nationsº which² have heardºª² the fameº of thee will speak,ºª saying,ºª 16 Because²² the LORDº was not¹ ableºª to bringºª² this² peopleº into² the landº which² he swareºª unto them, therefore he hath slainºª them in the wilderness.º 17 And now,² I beseech thee,² let the powerº of my Lordº be great,ºª according¹ as² thou hast spoken,ºª saying,ºª 18 The LORDº [is] longsuffering,ºº and of greatº mercy,º forgivingºª iniquityº and transgression,º and by no means¹ª clearingºª² [the guilty], visitingºª the iniquityº of the fathersº upon² the childrenº unto² the thirdº and fourthº [generation]. 19 Pardon,ºª I beseech thee,² the iniquityº of this² peopleº according unto the greatnessº of thy mercy,º and as² thou hast forgivenºª this² people,º from Egyptº² even until² now.º 20 And the LORDº said,ºª I have pardonedºª according to thy word:º 21 But [as] trulyº [as] I² live,º² all² the earthº shall be filledºª with the gloryº of the LORD.º 22 Because² all² those men¹² which have seenºª² my glory,º and my miracles,º which² I didºª in Egyptº and in the wilderness,º and have temptedºª¹ me now these² tenº times,º and have not² hearkenedºª to my voice;º 23 Surely² they shall not¹ seeºª² the landº which² I swareºª unto their fathers,º neither² shall any² of them that provokedºª me seeºª it: 24 But my servantº Caleb,º becauseº he had² anotherº spiritº with² him, and hath followed¹ me fully,ºª² him will I bringºª into² the landº whereinto²² he went;ºª and his seedº shall possessºª it. 25 (Now the Amalekitesº and the Canaanitesº dweltºª in the valley.)º To morrowº turnºª you, and getºª you into the wildernessº by the wayº of the Redº sea.º
 Jg 6:16.
 Dt 9:28; 32:26; Jsh 7:9.
 Mi 3:8; Mt 9:6, 8.
 Ex 20:5; 34:6, 7; Ps 103:8; 145:8; Jr 23:2; Jna 4:2; Mi 7:18; Na 1:2; Ro 3:24; 5:21; Ep 1:7.
 Ex 32:10, 32; 33:17; 34:9; 1K 8:34; Ps 51:1; 78:38; 106:7, 45; Is 55:7; Ezk 20:8; Dn 9:19; Jna 3:10; 4:2; Mi 7:18; Tit 3:4; Jm 5:15; 1Jn 5:14.
 Dt 32:40; Ps 72:19; Is 49:18; Jr 22:24; Ezk 5:11; 18:3; 33:11, 27; Hab 2:14; Zp 2:9; Mt 6:10.
 Gn 31:7, 41; Ex 17:2; Nu 14:11; Dt 1:31; Jb 19:3; Ps 95:9; 106:14, 26; Mal 3:15; Mt 4:7; 1Co 10:9; He 3:9, 17.
 Nu 26:64; 32:11; Dt 1:35; Ne 9:23; Ps 95:11; 106:26; Ezk 20:15; He 3:17; 4:3.
 Nu 13:30; 14:6; 26:65; 32:11; Dt 1:36; 6:5; Jsh 14:6, 8; 1Ch 29:9, 18; 2Ch 25:2; Ps 119:80, 145; Pv 23:26; Ac 11:23; Ep 6:6; Col 3:23.
 Nu 13:29; 14:4; Dt 1:40; Ps 81:11; Pv 1:31.
The murmurers are deprived of entering into the land.
26 ¶ And the LORDº spakeºª unto² Mosesº and unto² Aaron,º saying,ºª 27 How long²² [shall I bear with] this² evilº congregation,º which² murmurºª against² me? I have heardºª² the murmuringsº of the childrenº of Israel,º which² they² murmurºª against² me. 28 Sayºª unto² them, [As truly as]¹ I² live,º saithºª the LORD,º as² ye have spokenºª in mine ears,º so² will I doºª to you: 29 Your carcasesº shall fallºª in this² wilderness;º and all² that were numberedºª of you, according to your whole² number,º from twentyº yearsº oldº² and upward,º which² have murmuredºª against² me, 30 Doubtless² ye² shall not¹ comeºª into² the land,º [concerning] which² I swareººª² to make you dwellºª therein, save²² Calebº the sonº of Jephunneh,º and Joshuaº the sonº of Nun.º 31 But your little ones,º which² ye saidºª should be² a prey,º them will I bring in,ºª and they shall knowºª² the landº which² ye have despised.ºª 32 But [as for] you,² your carcases,º they shall fallºª in this² wilderness.º 33 And your childrenº shall wanderºª² in the wildernessº fortyº years,º and bearºª² your whoredoms,º until² your carcasesº be wastedºª in the wilderness.º 34 After the numberº of the daysº in which² ye searchedºª² the land,º [even] fortyº days,º each day¹ for a year,ºº shall ye bearºª² your iniquities,º [even] fortyº years,º and ye shall knowºª² my breach of promise.º 35 I² the LORDº have said,ºª I will surelyºº doºª itº unto all² this² evilº congregation,º that are gathered togetherºª against² me: in this² wildernessº they shall be consumed,ºª and there² they shall die.ºª
 Ex 16:12, 28; Nu 14:11; Mt 17:7; Mk 9:19; 1Co 10:10.
 Nu 14:2, 21, 23; 26:64; 32:11; Dt 1:35; Ps 90:8; He 3:17.
 Nu 1:45; 14:32; 26:64; 1Co 10:5; He 3:17; Jde 1:5.
 Gn 14:22; Nu 14:38; 26:65; 32:12; Dt 1:36.
 Gn 25:34; Nu 14:3; 26:6, 64; Dt 1:39; Ps 106:24; Pv 1:25, 30; Mt 22:5; Ac 13:41; He 12:16.
 Nu 14:29; 1Co 10:5; He 3:17.
 Nu 5:31; 32:13; 33:38; Dt 1:3; 2:14; Jsh 14:10; Ps 107:4, 40; Jr 3:1; Ezk 23:35, 45; Ho 9:1.
 Lv 20:19; Nu 13:25; 18:23; Dt 31:16; 1S 2:30; 1K 8:56; 2Ch 36:21; Ps 38:4; 77:8; 95:10; 105:42; Jr 18:9; Lm 3:31; Ezk 4:6; 14:10; Dn 9:24; Zc 11:10; He 4:1; Rv 11:3.
 Nu 14:27; 23:19; 26:65; 1Co 10:5, 11; He 3:19.
The men who raised the evil report die by a plague.
36 And the men,¹² which² Mosesº sentºª to searchºª² the land,º who returned,ºª and made² all² the congregationº to murmurºªªª against² him, by bringing upºª a slanderº upon² the land,º 37 Even those¹ men¹² that did bring upºª the evilº reportº upon the land,º diedºª by the plagueº beforeº the LORD.º 38 But Joshuaº the sonº of Nun,º and Calebº the sonº of Jephunneh,º [which were] of² the men¹¹² that wentºª to searchºª² the land,º livedºª [still]. 39 And Mosesº toldºª² these² sayingsº unto² all² the childrenº of Israel:º and the peopleº mournedºª greatly.º
 Nu 13:31.
 Nu 14:12; 16:49; 25:9; Jr 28:16; 29:32; 1Co 10:10; He 3:17; Jde 1:5.
 Nu 26:65; Jsh 14:6.
 Ex 33:4; Pv 19:3; Is 26:16; Mt 8:12; He 12:17.
The people that would invade the land against the will of God are smitten.
40 ¶ And they rose up earlyºª in the morning,º and gat them upºª into² the topº of the mountain,º saying,ºª Lo,º we [be here], and will go upºª unto² the placeº which² the LORDº hath promised:ºª for² we have sinned.ºª 41 And Mosesº said,ºª Wherefore² now² do ye² transgressºª² the commandmentº of the LORD?º but it² shall not² prosper.ºª 42 Go not up,ºª² for² the LORDº [is] not² amongº you; that ye be not² smittenºª beforeº your enemies.ºª 43 For² the Amalekitesº and the Canaanitesº [are] there² beforeº you, and ye shall fallºª by the sword:º because²²² ye are turned¹ª away¹² from²² the LORD,º therefore the LORDº will not² be² with² you. 44 But they presumedºª to go upºª unto² the hillº top:º nevertheless the arkº of the covenantº of the LORD,º and Moses,º departedºª not² out¹ of²² the camp.º 45 Then the Amalekitesº came down,ºª and the Canaanitesº which dweltºª in that² hill,º and smoteºª them, and discomfitedºª them, [even] unto² Hormah.º
 Dt 1:41; Ec 9:3; Mt 7:21; 26:11; Lk 13:25.
 Nu 14:25; 2Ch 24:20; Jb 4:9; Jr 2:37; 32:5.
 Dt 1:42; Jsh 7:8, 12; Ps 44:1, 2.
 Lv 26:17; Nu 13:29; 14:25; Dt 28:25; Jg 16:20; 1Ch 28:9; 2Ch 15:2; Is 63:10; Ho 9:12.
 Nu 10:33; 15:30; Dt 1:43; 1S 4:3.
 Ex 17:16; Nu 14:43; 21:3; Dt 1:44; 32:30; Jsh 7:5, 11; Jg 1:17.
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