NASB — Exodus 5 — KJV

Israel’s Labor Increased

1 And afterward Moses and Aaron came and said to Pharaoh, “aThus says the LORD, the God of Israel, ‘bLet My people go that they may celebrate a feast to Me in the wilderness.’” 2 But Pharaoh said, “aWho is the LORD that I should obey His voice to let Israel go? I do not know the LORD, and besides, bI will not let Israel go.” 3 Then they said, “aThe God of the Hebrews has met with us. Please, let us go a three days’ journey into the wilderness that we may sacrifice to the LORD our God, otherwise He will fall upon us with pestilence or with the sword.” 4 But the king of Egypt said to them, “Moses and Aaron, why do you Idraw the people away from their IIwork? Get [back] to your IIIalabors!” 5 Again Pharaoh said, “Look, athe people of the land are now many, and you would have them cease from their labors!” 6 So the same day Pharaoh commanded athe taskmasters over the people and their bforemen, saying, 7 “You are no longer to give the people straw to make brick as previously; let them go and gather straw for themselves. 8 But the quota of bricks which they were making previously, you shall impose on them; you are not to reduce any of it. Because they are alazy, therefore they cry out, ‘ILet us go and sacrifice to our God.’ 9 Let the labor be heavier on the men, and let them work at it so that they will pay no attention to false words.”

[1] aEx 3:18 bEx 4:23; 6:11; 7:16
[2] a2K 18:35; 2Ch 32:14; Jb 21:15 bEx 3:19
[3] aEx 3:18
[4] ILit loose IILit works IIILit burdens aEx 1:11; 2:11; 6:5-7
[5] aEx 1:7, 9
[6] aEx 1:11; 3:7; 5:10, 13, 14 bEx 5:10, 14, 15, 19
[8] ILit saying, ‘Let aEx 5:17

10 ¶ So athe taskmasters of the people and their foremen went out and spoke to the people, saying, “Thus says Pharaoh, ‘I am not going to give you [any] straw. 11 You go [and] get straw for yourselves wherever you can find [it], but none of your labor will be reduced.’” 12 So the people scattered through all the land of Egypt to gather stubble for straw. 13 The taskmasters pressed them, saying, “Complete your Iwork quota, II[your] daily amount, just as when IIIyou had straw.” 14 Moreover, athe foremen of the sons of Israel, whom Pharaoh’s taskmasters had set over them, bwere beaten Iand were asked, “Why have you not completed your required amount either yesterday or today in making brick as previously?”

[10] aEx 1:11; 3:7; 5:6
[13] ILit works IILit the matter of a day in its day IIILit there was
[14] ILit saying aEx 5:6 bIs 10:24

15 ¶ Then the foremen of the sons of Israel came and cried out to Pharaoh, saying, “Why do you deal this way with your servants? 16 There is no straw given to your servants, yet they keep saying to us, ‘Make bricks!’ And behold, your servants are being beaten; but it is the fault of your [own] people.” 17 But he said, “You are alazy, [very] lazy; therefore you say, ‘Let us go [and] sacrifice to the LORD.’ 18 So go now [and] work; for you will be given no straw, yet you must deliver the quota of bricks.” 19 The foremen of the sons of Israel saw that they were in trouble Ibecause they were told, “You must not reduce II[your] daily amount of bricks.” 20 When they left Pharaoh’s presence, they met Moses and Aaron as they were Iwaiting for them. 21 aThey said to them, “bMay the LORD look upon you and judge [you], for you have cmade Ius odious in Pharaoh’s sight and in the sight of his servants, to put a sword in their hand to kill us.”

[17] aEx 5:8
[19] ILit saying IILit from your bricks the matter of a day in its day
[20] ILit standing to meet
[21] ILit our savor to stink aEx 14:11; 15:24; 16:2 bGn 16:5; 31:53 cGn 34:30; 1S 13:4; 27:12; 2S 10:6; 1Ch 19:6

22 ¶ Then Moses returned to the LORD and said, “aO Lord, why have You brought harm to this people? Why did You ever send me? 23 Ever since I came to Pharaoh to speak in Your name, he has done harm to this people, aand You have not delivered Your people at all.”

[22] aNu 11:11; Jr 4:10
[23] aEx 3:8


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Pharaoh chideth Moses and Aaron for their message.

1 ¶ And afterward Moses and Aaron went in, and told Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Let my people go, that they may hold a feast unto me in the wilderness. 2 And Pharaoh said, Who [is] the LORD, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not the LORD, neither will I let Israel go. 3 And they said, The God of the Hebrews hath met with us: let us go, we pray thee, three days' journey into the desert, and sacrifice unto the LORD our God; lest he fall upon us with pestilence, or with the sword. 4 And the king of Egypt said unto them, Wherefore do ye, Moses and Aaron, let the people from their works? get you unto your burdens.

[1] Ex 10:9; 1K 21:20; Ps 119:46; Is 25:6; Ezk 2:6; Jna 3:3; Mt 10:18, 28; Ac 4:29; 1Co 5:8.
[2] Ex 3:19; 1S 2:12; 2K 18:35; 2Ch 32:15, 19; Jb 21:15; Ps 10:4; 12:4; 14:1; Jr 44:16; Jn 16:3; Ro 1:28; 2Th 1:8.
[3] Ex 3:18; Dt 28:21; 2K 17:25; 2Ch 30:8; Ezr 7:23; Ezk 6:11; Zc 14:16.
[4] Ex 1:11; Jr 38:4; Am 7:10; Lk 23:2; Ac 16:20; 24:5.

He increaseth the Israelites' task.

5 And Pharaoh said, Behold, the people of the land now [are] many, and ye make them rest from their burdens. 6 And Pharaoh commanded the same day the taskmasters of the people, and their officers, saying, 7 Ye shall no more give the people straw to make brick, as heretofore: let them go and gather straw for themselves. 8 And the tale of the bricks, which they did make heretofore, ye shall lay upon them; ye shall not diminish [ought] thereof: for they [be] idle; therefore they cry, saying, Let us go [and] sacrifice to our God. 9 Let there more work be laid upon the men, that they may labour therein; and let them not regard vain words.

[5] Ex 1:7; Pv 14:28.
[6] Ex 1:11; 2:14; 5:10, 13, 14, 15, 19; Nu 11:16; Dt 1:15; 16:18; Jsh 8:33; 24:1, 4; 2Ch 26:11; Pv 12:10.
[7] Gn 24:25; Jg 19:19.
[8] Ps 106:41.
[9] 2K 18:20; Jb 16:3; Jr 43:2; Zc 1:6; Mal 3:14; Ep 5:6.

10 ¶ And the taskmasters of the people went out, and their officers, and they spake to the people, saying, Thus saith Pharaoh, I will not give you straw. 11 Go ye, get you straw where ye can find it: yet not ought of your work shall be diminished. 12 So the people were scattered abroad throughout all the land of Egypt to gather stubble instead of straw. 13 And the taskmasters hasted [them], saying, Fulfil your works, [your] daily tasks, as when there was straw. 14 And the officers of the children of Israel, which Pharaoh's taskmasters had set over them, were beaten, [and] demanded, Wherefore have ye not fulfilled your task in making brick both yesterday and to day, as heretofore?

[10] Ex 1:11; Pv 29:12.
[11] Ex 5:13.
[12] Ex 15:7; Is 5:24; 47:14; Jol 2:5; Ob 1:18; Na 1:10; 1Co 3:12.

He checketh their complaints.

15 ¶ Then the officers of the children of Israel came and cried unto Pharaoh, saying, Wherefore dealest thou thus with thy servants? 16 There is no straw given unto thy servants, and they say to us, Make brick: and, behold, thy servants [are] beaten; but the fault [is] in thine own people. 17 But he said, Ye [are] idle, [ye are] idle: therefore ye say, Let us go [and] do sacrifice to the LORD. 18 Go therefore now, [and] work; for there shall no straw be given you, yet shall ye deliver the tale of bricks. 19 And the officers of the children of Israel did see [that] they [were] in evil [case], after it was said, Ye shall not minish [ought] from your bricks of your daily task.

[17] Mt 26:8; Jn 6:27; 2Th 3:10.
[18] Ezk 18:18; Dn 2:9.
[19] Dt 32:36; Ec 4:1; 5:8.

They cry out upon Moses and Aaron.

20 ¶ And they met Moses and Aaron, who stood in the way, as they came forth from Pharaoh: 21 And they said unto them, The LORD look upon you, and judge; because ye have made our savour to be abhorred in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of his servants, to put a sword in their hand to slay us.

[21] Gn 16:5; 34:30; Ex 4:31; 6:9; 1S 13:4; 27:12; 2S 10:6; 1Ch 19:6; Ec 10:1; Jol 2:20; 2Co 2:15.

Moses complaineth to God.

22 And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, Lord, wherefore hast thou [so] evil entreated this people? why [is] it [that] thou hast sent me? 23 For since I came to Pharaoh to speak in thy name, he hath done evil to this people; neither hast thou delivered thy people at all.

[22] Ex 17:4; Nu 11:14; 1S 30:6; 1K 19:4, 10; Ps 73:25; Jr 12:1; 20:7; Hab 2:3.
[23] Ps 118:26; Is 26:17; 28:16; Jr 11:21; Jn 5:43; He 10:36.


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