NASB — Matthew 10 — KJV

The Twelve Disciples; Instructions for Service

1 Jesus asummoned His twelve disciples and gave them authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to bheal every kind of disease and every kind of sickness.

[1] aMk 3:13-15; 6:7 bMt 9:35; Lk 9:1

2aNow the names of the twelve apostles are these: The first, bSimon, who is called Peter, and bAndrew his brother; and IcJames the son of Zebedee, and IIJohn his brother; 3 aPhilip and IBartholomew; bThomas and cMatthew the tax collector; IIdJames the son of Alphaeus, and eThaddaeus; 4 Simon the IZealot, and aJudas Iscariot, the one who betrayed Him.

[2] IOr Jacob; James is the Eng form of Jacob IIGr Joannes, Heb Johanan aMt 10:2-4: Mk 3:16-19; Lk 6:14-16; Ac 1:13 bMt 4:18 cMt 4:21
[3] II.e. son of Talmai (Aram) IIOr Jacob aJn 1:43ff bJn 11:16; 14:5; 20:24ff; 21:2 cMt 9:9 dMk 15:40 eMk 3:18; Lk 6:16; Ac 1:13
[4] IOr Cananaean aMt 26:14; Lk 22:3; Jn 6:71; 13:2, 26

5aThese twelve Jesus sent out after instructing them: “Do not Igo IIin [the] way of [the] Gentiles, and do not enter [any] city of the bSamaritans; 6 but rather go to athe lost sheep of the house of Israel. 7 And as you go, Ipreach, saying, ‘aThe kingdom of heaven IIis at hand.’ 8 Heal [the] sick, raise [the] dead, cleanse [the] lepers, cast out demons. Freely you received, freely give. 9 aDo not acquire gold, or silver, or copper for your money belts, 10 or a Ibag for [your] journey, or even two IIcoats, or sandals, or a staff; for athe worker is worthy of his IIIsupport. 11 And whatever city or village you enter, inquire who is worthy in it, and stay Iat his house until you leave [that city]. 12 As you enter the Ihouse, agive it your IIgreeting. 13 If the house is worthy, Igive it your [blessing of] peace. But if it is not worthy, IItake back your [blessing of] peace. 14 Whoever does not receive you, nor heed your words, as you go out of that house or that city, ashake the dust off your feet. 15 Truly I say to you, ait will be more tolerable for [the] land of bSodom and Gomorrah in cthe day of judgment than for that city.

[5] IOr go off IIOr on the road of (Gr hodos: way or road) aMk 6:7; Lk 9:2 b2K 17:24ff; Lk 9:52; 10:33; 17:16; Jn 4:9, 39f; 8:48; Ac 8:25
[6] aMt 15:24
[7] IOr proclaim IILit has come near aMt 3:2
[9] aMt 10:9-15: Mk 6:8-11; Lk 9:3-5; 10:4-12; Lk 22:35
[10] IOr knapsack, or beggar’s bag IIOr inner garments IIILit nourishment a1Co 9:14; 1Ti 5:18
[11] ILit there until
[12] IOr household III.e. the familiar Heb blessing, “Peace be to this house!” a1S 25:6; Ps 122:7, 8
[13] ILit your peace is to come upon it IILit your peace is to return to you
[14] aAc 13:51
[15] aMt 11:22, 24 bMt 11:24; 2P 2:6; Jde 7 cMt 7:22; 11:22, 24; 12:36; Ac 17:31; 1Th 5:4; He 10:25; 2P 2:9; 3:7; 1 Jn 4:17; Jde 6

A Hard Road before Them

16aBehold, I send you out as sheep in the midst of wolves; so Ibe bshrewd as serpents and cinnocent as doves. 17 But beware of men, for they will hand you over to [the] acourts and scourge you bin their synagogues; 18 and you will even be brought before governors and kings for My sake, as a testimony to them and to the Gentiles. 19 aBut when they hand you over, bdo not worry about how or what you are to say; for it will be given you in that hour what you are to say. 20 For ait is not you who speak, but [it is] the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you.

[16] IOr show yourselves to be aLk 10:3 bGn 3:1; Mt 24:25; Ro 16:19 cHo 7:11
[17] aMt 5:22 bMt 23:34; Mk 13:9; Lk 12:11; Ac 5:40; 22:19; 26:11
[19] aMt 10:19-22: Mk 13:11-13; Lk 21:12-17 bMt 6:25; Lk 12:11, 12
[20] aLk 12:12; Ac 4:8; 13:9; 2Co 13:3

21aBrother will betray brother to death, and a father [his] child; and bchildren will rise up against parents and Icause them to be put to death. 22 aYou will be hated by all because of My name, but bit is the one who has endured to the end who will be saved.

[21] ILit put them to death aMt 10:35, 36; Mk 13:12 bMi 7:6
[22] aMt 24:9; Lk 21:17; Jn 15:18ff bMt 24:13; Mk 13:13

23“But whenever they apersecute you in Ione city, flee to IIthe next; for truly I say to you, you will not finish [going through] the cities of Israel buntil the Son of Man comes.

[23] ILit this IILit the other aMt 23:34 bMt 16:27f

The Meaning of Discipleship

24aA Idisciple is not above his teacher, nor a slave above his master. 25 It is enough for the disciple that he become like his teacher, and the slave like his master. aIf they have called the head of the house IbBeelzebul, how much more [will they malign] the members of his household!

[24] IOr student aLk 6:40; Jn 13:16; 15:20
[25] IOr Beezebul: ruler of demons aMt 9:34 b2K 1:2; Mt 12:24, 27; Mk 3:22; Lk 11:15, 18, 19

26“Therefore do not afear them, bfor there is nothing concealed that will not be revealed, or hidden that will not be known. 27 aWhat I tell you in the darkness, speak in the light; and what you hear [whispered] in [your] ear, proclaim bupon the housetops. 28 Do not fear those who kill the body but are unable to kill the soul; but rather afear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in Ibhell. 29 aAre not two sparrows sold for a Icent? And [yet] not one of them will fall to the ground apart from your Father. 30 But athe very hairs of your head are all numbered. 31 So do not fear; ayou are more valuable than many sparrows.

[26] aMt 10:26-33: Lk 12:2-9 bMk 4:22; Lk 8:17; 12:2; 1Co 4:5
[27] aLk 12:3 bMt 24:17; Ac 5:20
[28] IGr Gehenna aHe 10:31 bMt 5:22; Lk 12:5
[29] IGr assarion, the smallest copper coin aLk 12:6
[30] a1S 14:45; 2S 14:11; 1K 1:52; Lk 21:18; Ac 27:34
[31] aMt 12:12

32“Therefore aeveryone who Iconfesses Me before men, I will also confess IIhim before My Father who is in heaven. 33 But awhoever Idenies Me before men, I will also deny him before My Father who is in heaven.

[32] ILit will confess in Me IILit in him aLk 12:8; Rv 3:5
[33] ILit will deny aMk 8:38; Lk 9:26; 2Ti 2:12

34aDo not think that I came to Ibring peace on the earth; I did not come to bring peace, but a sword. 35 For I came to aSET A MAN AGAINST HIS FATHER, AND A DAUGHTER AGAINST HER MOTHER, AND A DAUGHTER-IN-LAW AGAINST HER MOTHER-IN-LAW; 36 and aA MANS ENEMIES WILL BE THE MEMBERS OF HIS HOUSEHOLD.

[34] ILit cast aMt 10:34, 35: Lk 12:51-53
[35] aMi 7:6; Mt 10:21; Lk 12:53
[36] aMi 7:6; Mt 10:21

37aHe who loves father or mother more than Me is not worthy of Me; and he who loves son or daughter more than Me is not worthy of Me. 38 And ahe who does not take his cross and follow after Me is not worthy of Me. 39 aHe who has found his Ilife will lose it, and he who has lost his Ilife for My sake will find it.

[37] aDt 33:9; Lk 14:26
[38] aMt 16:24; Mk 8:34; Lk 9:23; 14:27
[39] IOr soul aMt 16:25; Mk 8:35; Lk 9:24; 17:33; Jn 12:25

The Reward of Service

40aHe who receives you receives Me, and bhe who receives Me receives Him who sent Me. 41 aHe who receives a prophet in [the] name of a prophet shall receive a prophet’s reward; and he who receives a righteous man in the name of a righteous man shall receive a righteous man’s reward. 42 And awhoever in the name of a disciple gives to one of these Ilittle ones even a cup of cold water to drink, truly I say to you, he shall not lose his reward.”

[40] aMt 18:5; Lk 10:16; Jn 13:20; Ga 4:14 bMk 9:37; Lk 9:48; Jn 12:44
[41] aMt 25:44, 45
[42] II.e. humble aMt 25:40; Mk 9:41


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Christ sendeth out his twelve Apostles, enabling them with power to do miracles,

1 ¶ And when he had called unto [him] his twelve disciples, he gave them power [against] unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of sickness and all manner of disease. 2 Now the names of the twelve apostles are these; The first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James [the son] of Zebedee, and John his brother; 3 Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James [the son] of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus; 4 Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

[1] Mt 6:13; 19:28; 26:20, 47; 28:18; Mk 3:13, 15; 6:7; 16:17; Lk 6:13; 9:1; 10:19; 21:15; 24:49; Jn 3:27, 35; 6:70; 17:2; 20:21; Ac 1:8; 3:15; 19:15; Rv 12:1; 21:12.
[2] Mt 4:18, 21; 16:16; 17:1; 20:20; 26:37; Mk 1:16, 29; 3:16, 17, 18; 13:3; Lk 5:10; 6:13, 14; 9:10; 11:49; 22:8, 14; Jn 1:40; 6:8; 12:22; 13:23; 20:2; 21:2, 20, 24; Ac 1:13, 26; 3:1; 12:2; 1Co 15:7; Ep 4:11; He 3:1; 1P 1:1; 2P 1:1; 1Jn 1:3; 2Jn 1:1; 3Jn 1:1; Rv 1:1, 9; 18:20; 22:8.
[3] Mt 9:9; 27:56; Mk 2:14; 3:18; Lk 5:27; 6:14, 15, 16; Jn 1:43; 6:5; 11:16; 12:21; 14:9, 22; 20:24; 21:2; Ac 1:13; 12:17; 15:13; 21:18; Ga 1:19; 2:9; Jm 1:1; Jde 1:1.
[4] Mt 26:14, 47; 27:3; Mk 3:18, 19; 14:10, 43; Lk 6:15, 16; 22:3, 47; Jn 6:71; 13:2, 26; 18:2; Ac 1:13, 16, 25.

giveth them their charge, teacheth them,

5 These twelve Jesus sent forth, and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into [any] city of the Samaritans enter ye not: 6 But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. 7 And as ye go, preach, saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand. 8 Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils: freely ye have received, freely give. 9 Provide neither gold, nor silver, nor brass in your purses, 10 Nor scrip for [your] journey, neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves: for the workman is worthy of his meat. 11 And into whatsoever city or town ye shall enter, enquire who in it is worthy; and there abide till ye go thence. 12 And when ye come into an house, salute it. 13 And if the house be worthy, let your peace come upon it: but if it be not worthy, let your peace return to you. 14 And whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear your words, when ye depart out of that house or city, shake off the dust of your feet. 15 Verily I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrha in the day of judgment, than for that city.

[5] 2K 17:24; Mt 4:15; 22:3; Lk 9:2, 52; 10:1; Jn 4:5, 9, 20, 22; 7:35; 20:21; Ac 1:8; 8:1, 5; 10:45; 11:1; 22:21; Ro 15:8; 1Th 2:16.
[6] Ps 119:176; Is 53:6; Jr 50:6, 17; Ezk 34:6, 8, 16; Mt 15:24; 18:11; Lk 15:3; 24:47; Ac 3:26; 13:46; 18:6; 26:20; 28:25; Ro 11:11; 1P 2:25.
[7] Is 61:1; Mt 3:2; 4:17; 11:1, 11; 21:31, 43; 23:13; Mk 6:12; Lk 9:2, 6, 60; 10:9; 16:16; Jn 3:2; Ac 4:2; 10:25; 28:31.
[8] 2K 5:15, 20; Mt 10:1; Mk 16:18; Lk 10:9; Ac 3:6; 4:9, 30; 5:12; 8:18; 20:33.
[9] Mk 6:8; Lk 9:3; 10:4; 22:35; 1Co 9:7.
[10] 1S 9:7; 17:40; Lk 3:11; 10:7; 1Co 9:4; Ga 6:6; 1Ti 5:17; 2Ti 4:13.
[11] Gn 19:1; Jg 19:16; 1K 17:9; Jb 31:32; Mk 6:10; Lk 9:4; 10:7, 38; 19:7; Ac 16:15; 18:1; 3Jn 1:7.
[12] Lk 10:5; Ac 10:36; 2Co 5:20; 3Jn 1:14.
[13] Ps 35:13; Lk 10:6; 2Co 2:16.
[14] Ne 5:13; Mt 10:40; 18:5; Mk 6:11; 9:37; Lk 9:5, 48; 10:10; Jn 13:20; Ac 13:51; 18:6; 20:26; 1Th 4:8.
[15] Ezk 16:48; Mt 5:18; 11:22; 12:36; 24:34; Mk 6:11; Lk 10:11; Jn 15:22; 2P 2:9; 3:7; 1Jn 4:17.

comforteth them against persecutions:

16Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves: be ye therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves. 17 But beware of men: for they will deliver you up to the councils, and they will scourge you in their synagogues; 18 And ye shall be brought before governors and kings for my sake, for a testimony against them and the Gentiles. 19 But when they deliver you up, take no thought how or what ye shall speak: for it shall be given you in that same hour what ye shall speak. 20 For it is not ye that speak, but the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you. 21 And the brother shall deliver up the brother to death, and the father the child: and the children shall rise up against [their] parents, and cause them to be put to death. 22 And ye shall be hated of all [men] for my name's sake: but he that endureth to the end shall be saved. 23 But when they persecute you in this city, flee ye into another: for verily I say unto you, Ye shall not have gone over the cities of Israel, till the Son of man be come. 24 The disciple is not above [his] master, nor the servant above his lord. 25 It is enough for the disciple that he be as his master, and the servant as his lord. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebub, how much more [shall they call] them of his household? 26 Fear them not therefore: for there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; and hid, that shall not be known. 27 What I tell you in darkness, [that] speak ye in light: and what ye hear in the ear, [that] preach ye upon the housetops. 28 And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. 29 Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? and one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father. 30 But the very hairs of your head are all numbered. 31 Fear ye not therefore, ye are of more value than many sparrows. 32 Whosoever therefore shall confess me before men, him will I confess also before my Father which is in heaven. 33 But whosoever shall deny me before men, him will I also deny before my Father which is in heaven. 34 Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword. 35 For I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter in law against her mother in law. 36 And a man's foes [shall be] they of his own household. 37 He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me. 38 And he that taketh not his cross, and followeth after me, is not worthy of me. 39 He that findeth his life shall lose it: and he that loseth his life for my sake shall find it.

[16] Gn 3:1, 13; Lk 10:3; 21:15; Ac 20:29; Ro 16:18, 19; 1Co 14:20; 2Co 1:12; 8:20; 11:3, 14; Ep 5:15; Php 2:15; Col 1:9; 4:5; 1Th 2:10; 5:22.
[17] Dt 25:2; Mi 7:5; Mt 5:22; 20:19; 23:34; 24:9; 26:59; Mk 13:9, 12; Lk 12:11; 21:12; Jn 11:47; 16:2; Ac 4:6; 5:26, 40; 14:5; 17:14; 22:19; 23:1, 12; 26:11; 2Co 11:24; Php 3:2; 2Ti 4:15; He 11:36.
[18] Ps 2:1; Mt 8:4; Mk 13:9; Ac 5:25; 12:1; 23:33; 24:1; 2Ti 1:8; 4:16; Rv 1:9; 6:9; 11:7.
[19] Ex 4:12, 15; Jr 1:7, 9; Dn 3:16; Mt 6:25, 31, 34; Mk 13:11; Lk 12:11; 21:14; Ac 4:8; 5:29; 6:10; 26:2; Php 4:6; 2Ti 4:17; Jm 1:5.
[20] 2S 23:2; Mt 6:32; Mk 12:36; Lk 11:13; 12:30; 21:15; Ac 2:4; 4:8; 6:10; 7:55; 28:25; 1P 1:12; 2P 1:21.
[21] 2S 16:11; 17:1; Jb 19:19; Mi 7:5; Zc 13:3; Mt 10:34; 24:10; Mk 13:12; Lk 12:51; 21:16.
[22] Is 66:5; Dn 12:12; Mt 5:11; 10:39; 24:9, 13; Mk 13:13; Lk 6:22; 8:15; Jn 7:7; 15:18, 21; 17:14; Ac 9:16; Ro 2:7; 2Co 4:11; Ga 6:9; He 3:14; 6:11; Jm 1:12; 1Jn 3:13; Jde 1:20; Rv 2:3, 7, 10, 17, 26; 3:21.
[23] Mt 2:13; 4:12; 12:14; 16:28; 24:27, 30, 48; 25:13; 26:64; Mk 13:26; Lk 4:29; 18:8; 21:27; Jn 7:1; 10:39; 11:53; Ac 8:1; 9:24; 13:50; 14:6, 19; 17:10, 14; 20:1.
[24] 2S 11:11; Lk 6:40; Jn 13:16; 15:20; He 12:2.
[25] Mt 9:34; 12:24; Mk 3:22; Lk 11:15; Jn 7:20; 8:48, 52; 10:20.
[26] Pv 28:1; 29:25; Is 41:10, 14; 43:1; 51:7, 12; Jr 1:8, 17; Ezk 2:6; Mt 10:28; Mk 4:22; Lk 8:17; 12:2; 24:47; Ac 1:8; 4:13, 19; 1Co 4:5; 1P 3:14.
[27] Pv 1:20; 8:1; Mt 13:1, 34; Lk 8:10; Jn 16:1, 13, 25, 29; Ac 5:20, 28; 17:17; 2Co 3:12.
[28] Ps 119:120; Ec 5:7; 8:12; Is 8:12; 51:7, 12; 66:2; Jr 5:22; Dn 3:10; Mt 10:26; 25:46; Mk 9:43; Lk 12:4; 16:22; Jn 5:29; Ac 20:23; 21:13; Ro 8:35; 2Th 1:8; 2Ti 4:6; He 11:35; 12:28; 1P 3:14; Rv 2:10; 20:10.
[29] Ps 104:27; Mt 18:28; Lk 12:6.
[30] 1S 14:45; 2S 14:11; 1K 1:52; Lk 12:7; 21:18; Ac 27:34.
[31] Ps 8:5; Mt 6:26; 12:11; Lk 12:24; 1Co 9:9.
[32] 1S 2:30; Ps 119:46; Mt 25:34; Lk 12:8; Jn 9:22; Ro 10:9; 1Ti 6:12; 2Ti 1:8; 1Jn 4:15; Rv 2:13; 3:5.
[33] Mt 26:70; Mk 14:30, 72; Lk 9:26; 12:9; 2Ti 2:12; 2P 2:1; 1Jn 2:23.
[34] Jr 15:10; Lk 12:49; Jn 7:40; Ac 13:45; 14:2, 4.
[35] Mi 7:5; Mt 10:21; 24:10; Mk 13:12; Lk 21:16.
[36] Gn 3:15; 4:8; 37:17; 1S 17:28; 2S 16:11; Jb 19:13; Ps 41:9; 55:13; Jr 12:6; 20:10; Mi 7:6; Jn 13:8.
[37] Dt 33:9; Mt 22:8, 37; Lk 14:26; 20:35; 21:36; Jn 5:23; 21:15; 2Co 5:14; Php 3:7; 2Th 1:5; Rv 3:4.
[38] Mt 16:24; 27:32; Mk 8:34; 10:21; Lk 9:23; 14:27; Jn 19:17.
[39] Mt 16:25; Mk 8:35; Lk 17:33; Jn 12:25; Php 1:20; 2Ti 4:6; Rv 2:10.

and promiseth a blessing to those that receive them.

40He that receiveth you receiveth me, and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me. 41 He that receiveth a prophet in the name of a prophet shall receive a prophet's reward; and he that receiveth a righteous man in the name of a righteous man shall receive a righteous man's reward. 42 And whosoever shall give to drink unto one of these little ones a cup of cold [water] only in the name of a disciple, verily I say unto you, he shall in no wise lose his reward.

[40] Mt 18:5; 25:40, 45; Lk 9:48; 10:16; Jn 5:23; 12:44; 13:20; 20:21; 2Co 5:20; Ga 4:14; Php 2:10; 1Th 4:8; 1Jn 2:22; 2Jn 1:9.
[41] Gn 20:7; 1K 17:9, 20; 18:3; 2K 4:8, 16, 32; Is 3:10; Mt 6:1, 4, 6, 18; 16:27; 25:34; Lk 14:13; Ac 16:15; Ro 16:1, 23; 1Co 9:17; 2Th 1:6; 2Ti 1:16; He 6:10; 2Jn 1:8; 3Jn 1:5.
[42] Pv 24:14; Zc 13:7; Mt 8:5; 18:3, 10, 14; 25:40; Mk 9:41, 42; 12:42; 14:7; Lk 6:35; 17:2; 1Co 8:10; 2Co 8:12; 9:6; Php 4:15; He 6:10.


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