NASB — John 19 — KJV

The Crown of Thorns

1 Pilate then took Jesus and Iascourged Him. 2 aAnd the soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and put a purple robe on Him; 3 and they [began] to come up to Him and say, “aHail, King of the Jews!” and to bgive Him slaps [in the face]. 4 Pilate acame out again and *said to them, “Behold, I am bringing Him out to you so that you may know that bI find no guilt in Him.” 5 Jesus then came out, awearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. [Pilate] *said to them, “Behold, the Man!” 6 So when the chief priests and the aofficers saw Him, they cried out saying, “Crucify, crucify!” Pilate *said to them, “Take Him yourselves and crucify Him, for bI find no guilt in Him.” 7 The Jews answered him, “aWe have a law, and by that law He ought to die because He bmade Himself out [to be] the Son of God.”

[1] IOr had Him scourged aMt 27:26
[2] aMt 27:27-30: Mk 15:16-19
[3] aMt 27:29; Mk 15:18 bJn 18:22
[4] aJn 18:33, 38 bLk 23:4; Jn 18:38; 19:6
[5] aJn 19:2
[6] aMt 26:58; Jn 18:3 bLk 23:4; Jn 18:38; 19:4
[7] aLv 24:16; Mt 26:63-66 bJn 5:18; 10:33

8 ¶ Therefore when Pilate heard this statement, he was [even] more afraid; 9 and he aentered into the IPraetorium again and *said to Jesus, “Where are You from?” But bJesus gave him no answer. 10 So Pilate *said to Him, “You do not speak to me? Do You not know that I have authority to release You, and I have authority to crucify You?” 11 Jesus answered, aYou would have no authority Iover Me, unless it had been given you from above; for this reason bhe who delivered Me to you has [the] greater sin.” 12 As a result of this Pilate Imade efforts to release Him, but the Jews cried out saying, “aIf you release this Man, you are no friend of Caesar; everyone who makes himself out [to be] a king IIopposes Caesar.”

[9] II.e. governor’s official residence aJn 18:33 bMt 26:63; 27:12, 14; Jn 18:34-37
[11] ILit against aRo 13:1 bJn 18:13f, 28ff; Ac 3:13
[12] ILit was seeking to IIOr speaks against aLk 23:2; Jn 18:33ff

13 ¶ Therefore when Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out, and asat down on the judgment seat at a place called IThe Pavement, but bin IIHebrew, Gabbatha. 14 Now it was athe day of preparation for the Passover; it was about the Ibsixth hour. And he *said to the Jews, “Behold, cyour King!” 15 So they cried out, “aAway with [Him], away with [Him], crucify Him!” Pilate *said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.”

[13] IGr The Lithostrotos III.e. Jewish Aramaic aMt 27:19 bJn 5:2; 19:17, 20
[14] IPerhaps 6 a.m. aMt 27:62; Jn 19:31, 42 bMt 27:45; Mk 15:25 cJn 19:19, 21
[15] aLk 23:18

The Crucifixion

16 So he then ahanded Him over to them to be crucified.

[16] aMt 27:26; Mk 15:15; Lk 23:25

17aThey took Jesus, therefore, and He went out, Ibbearing His own cross, to the place called cthe Place of a Skull, which is called din IIHebrew, Golgotha. 18 There they crucified Him, and with Him atwo other men, one on either side, and Jesus in between. 19 Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It was written, “aJESUS THE NAZARENE, bTHE KING OF THE JEWS.” 20 Therefore many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written ain IHebrew, Latin [and] in Greek. 21 So the chief priests of the Jews were saying to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘aThe King of the Jews’; but that He said, ‘I am aKing of the Jews.’” 22 Pilate answered, “aWhat I have written I have written.”

[17] ILit bearing the cross for Himself III.e. Jewish Aramaic aJn 19:17-24: Mt 27:33-44; Mk 15:22-32; Lk 23:33-43 bMt 27:32; Mk 15:21; Lk 14:27; 23:26 cLk 23:33 dJn 19:13
[18] aLk 23:32
[19] aMt 27:37; Mk 15:26; Lk 23:38 bJn 19:14, 21
[20] II.e. Jewish Aramaic aJn 19:13
[21] aJn 19:14, 19
[22] aGn 43:14; Es 4:16

23 ¶ Then athe soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His outer garments and made bfour parts, a part to every soldier and [also] the Itunic; now the tunic was seamless, woven IIin one piece. 24 So they said to one another, “aLet us not tear it, but cast lots for it, [to decide] whose it shall be”; b[this was] to fulfill the Scripture: “THEY cDIVIDED MY OUTER GARMENTS AMONG THEM, AND FOR MY CLOTHING THEY CAST ILOTS.” 25 Therefore the soldiers did these things.

aBut standing by the cross of Jesus were bHis mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the [wife] of Clopas, and cMary Magdalene. 26 When Jesus then saw His mother, and athe disciple whom He loved standing nearby, He *said to His mother, bWoman, behold, your son!” 27 Then He *said to the disciple, “Behold, your mother!” From that hour the disciple took her into ahis own [household].

[23] IGr khiton, the garment worn next to the skin IILit from the upper part through the whole aMt 27:35; Mk 15:24; Lk 23:34 bAc 12:4
[24] ILit a lot aEx 28:32; Mt 27:35; Mk 15:24; Lk 23:34 bJn 19:28, 36f cPs 22:18
[25] aMt 27:55f; Mk 15:40f; Lk 23:49 bMt 12:46 cLk 8:2; Jn 20:1, 18
[26] aJn 13:23 bJn 2:4
[27] aLk 18:28; Jn 1:11; 16:32; Ac 21:6

28 ¶ After this, Jesus, aknowing that all things had already been accomplished, bto fulfill the Scripture, *said, cI am thirsty.” 29 A jar full of sour wine was standing there; so athey put a sponge full of the sour wine upon [a branch of] hyssop and brought it up to His mouth. 30 Therefore when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, aIt is finished!” And He bowed His head and bgave up His spirit.

[28] aJn 13:1; 17:4 bJn 19:24, 36f cPs 69:21
[29] aJn 19:29, 30: Mt 27:48, 50; Mk 15:36f; Lk 23:36
[30] aJn 17:4 bMt 27:50; Mk 15:37; Lk 23:46

Care of the Body of Jesus

31 ¶ Then the Jews, because it was athe day of preparation, so that bthe bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (Ifor that Sabbath was a chigh day), asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and [that] they might be taken away. 32 So the soldiers came, and broke the legs of the first man and of the other who was acrucified with Him; 33 but coming to Jesus, when they saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately ablood and water came out. 35 And he who has seen has atestified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe. 36 For these things came to pass ato fulfill the Scripture, “bNOT A BONE OF HIM SHALL BE IBROKEN.” 37 And again another Scripture says, “aTHEY SHALL LOOK ON HIM WHOM THEY PIERCED.”

[31] ILit for the day of that Sabbath was great aJn 19:14, 42 bDt 21:23; Jsh 8:29; 10:26f cEx 12:16
[32] aJn 19:18
[34] a1 Jn 5:6, 8
[35] aJn 15:27; 21:24
[36] IOr crushed or shattered aJn 19:24, 28 bEx 12:46; Nu 9:12; Ps 34:20
[37] aZc 12:10; Rv 1:7

38aAfter these things Joseph of Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus, but a bsecret [one] for cfear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus; and Pilate granted permission. So he came and took away His body. 39 aNicodemus, who had first come to Him by night, also came, bbringing a Imixture of cmyrrh and aloes, about a dhundred IIpounds [weight]. 40 So they took the body of Jesus and abound it in blinen wrappings with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. 41 Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a anew tomb bin which no one had yet been laid. 42 Therefore because of the Jewish day of apreparation, since the tomb was bnearby, they laid Jesus there.

[38] aJn 19:38-42: Mt 27:57-61; Mk 15:42-47; Lk 23:50-56 bMk 15:43 cJn 7:13
[39] ITwo early mss read package of IILit 100 litras (12 oz each) aJn 3:1 bMk 16:1 cPs 45:8; Pv 7:17; So 4:14; Mt 2:11 dJn 12:3
[40] aMt 26:12; Mk 14:8; Jn 11:44 bLk 24:12; Jn 20:5, 7
[41] aMt 27:60 bLk 23:53
[42] aJn 19:14, 31 bJn 19:20, 41


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Christ is scourged, crowned with thorns, and beaten.

1 ¶ Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged [him]. 2 And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put [it] on his head, and they put on him a purple robe, 3 And said, Hail, King of the Jews! and they smote him with their hands.

[1] Ps 129:3; Is 50:6; 53:5; Mt 20:19; 23:34; 27:26; Mk 10:33; 15:15; Lk 18:33; 23:16, 23; Ac 16:22; 22:24; 2Co 11:24; He 11:36; 1P 2:24.
[2] Ps 22:6; Is 49:7; 53:3; Mt 27:27; Mk 15:17; Lk 23:11; Jn 19:5.
[3] Mt 26:49; 27:29; Lk 1:28; Jn 18:33; 19:19.

Pilate is desirous to release him, but being overcome with the outrage of the Jews, he delivered him to be crucified.

4 Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith unto them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in him. 5 Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And [Pilate] saith unto them, Behold the man! 6 When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they cried out, saying, Crucify [him], crucify [him]. Pilate saith unto them, Take ye him, and crucify [him]: for I find no fault in him. 7 The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God.

[4] Mt 27:4, 19, 24, 54; Lk 23:41, 47; Jn 18:38; 19:6; 2Co 5:21; He 7:26; 1P 1:19; 2:22; 3:18; 1Jn 3:5.
[5] Is 7:14; 40:9; 43:1; Lm 1:12; Jn 1:29; He 12:2.
[6] Mt 27:22, 24; Mk 15:12; Lk 22:21; Jn 18:31; 19:15; Ac 2:23; 3:13; 7:52; 13:27.
[7] Lv 24:16; Dt 18:20; Mt 26:63; 27:42; Mk 14:61; 15:39; Jn 5:18; 8:58; 10:30, 36; Ro 1:4.

8 ¶ When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the more afraid; 9 And went again into the judgment hall, and saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer. 10 Then saith Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not unto me? knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and have power to release thee? 11 Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power [at all] against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin. 12 And from thenceforth Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar's friend: whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar.

[8] Jn 19:13; Ac 14:11.
[9] Jg 13:6; Ps 38:13; Is 53:7; Mt 27:12; Mk 15:3; Jn 8:14; 9:29; Ac 8:32; Php 1:28.
[10] Dn 3:14; 5:19; Jn 18:39.
[11] Gn 45:7; Ex 9:14; 1Ch 29:11; Ps 39:9; 62:11; Jr 27:5; Lm 3:37; Dn 4:17, 25, 32, 35; 5:21; Mt 6:13; 26:65; 27:2; Mk 14:44; Lk 7:41; 10:11; 12:47; 22:53; Jn 3:27; 7:30; 9:41; 11:49; 15:22; 18:3; Ac 2:23; 4:28; Ro 11:36; 13:1; He 6:4; Jm 1:17; 4:17.
[12] Mk 6:16; Lk 23:2; Jn 18:33; Ac 17:6; 24:24.

13 ¶ When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha. 14 And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King! 15 But they cried out, Away with [him], away with [him], crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar. 16 Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led [him] away. 17 And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called [the place] of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha: 18 Where they crucified him, and two other with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the midst.

[13] Ps 58:1; 82:5; 94:20; Pv 29:25; Ec 5:8; Is 51:12; 57:11; Am 4:7; Lk 12:5; Jn 19:8; Ac 4:19.
[14] Mt 27:62; Mk 15:25, 33, 42; Lk 23:54; Jn 19:3, 5, 19, 31, 42.
[15] Gn 49:10; Ezk 21:26; Lk 23:18; Jn 18:31; 19:6; Ac 21:36; 22:22.
[16] Mt 27:26; Mk 15:15; Lk 23:24.
[17] Lv 16:21; 24:14; Nu 15:35; 1K 21:13; Mt 10:38; 16:24; 27:31, 33; Mk 8:34; 10:21; 15:21; Lk 9:23; 14:27; 23:26, 33; Ac 7:58; He 13:11.
[18] Ps 22:16; Is 53:12; Mt 27:35, 44; Mk 15:24; Lk 23:32; Jn 18:32; Ga 3:13; He 12:2.

19 ¶ And Pilate wrote a title, and put [it] on the cross. And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS. 20 This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, [and] Greek, [and] Latin. 21 Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews. 22 Pilate answered, What I have written I have written.

[19] Mt 27:37; Mk 15:26; Lk 23:38; Jn 1:45, 49; 18:33; 19:3, 12; Ac 3:6; 26:9.
[20] Jn 5:2; 19:13; Ac 21:37, 40; 22:2; 26:14; Rv 9:11; 16:16.
[22] Ps 65:7; 76:10; Pv 8:29; Jn 19:12.

They cast lots for his garments.

23 ¶ Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also [his] coat: now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout. 24 They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture might be fulfilled, which saith, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers did.

[23] Ex 39:22; Mt 27:35; Mk 15:24; Lk 23:34.
[24] Ps 22:18; Is 10:7; Jn 10:35; 12:38; 19:28, 36; Ac 13:27.

25 ¶ Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the [wife] of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene.

[25] Mt 27:55; Mk 15:40; 16:9; Lk 2:35; 8:2; 23:49; 24:18; Jn 20:1, 11.

He commendeth his mother to John.

26 When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son! 27 Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own [home].

[26] Jn 2:4; 13:23; 20:2; 21:7, 20, 24.
[27] Gn 45:8; 47:12; Mt 12:48; 25:40; Mk 3:34; Jn 1:11; 16:32; 1Ti 5:2; 1Jn 3:18.

He dieth.

28 ¶ After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst. 29 Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a spunge with vinegar, and put [it] upon hyssop, and put [it] to his mouth. 30 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.

[28] Ps 22:15; 69:21; Lk 9:31; 12:50; 18:31; 22:37; Jn 13:1; 18:4; 19:30; Ac 13:29.
[29] Ex 12:22; Nu 19:18; 1K 4:33; Ps 51:7; Mt 27:34, 48; Mk 15:36; Lk 23:36.
[30] Gn 3:15; Ps 22:15; Is 53:10, 12; Dn 9:24, 26; Zc 13:7; Mt 3:15; 20:28; 27:50; Mk 15:37; Lk 23:46; Jn 4:34; 10:11, 18; 17:4; 19:28; Ro 3:25; 10:4; 1Co 5:7; Php 2:8; Col 2:14; He 2:14; 9:11, 22; 10:1; 12:2.

His side is pierced.

31 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and [that] they might be taken away. 32 Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him. 33 But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs: 34 But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water. 35 And he that saw [it] bare record, and his record is true: and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe. 36 For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken. 37 And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced.

[31] Lv 23:7; Dt 21:22; Pv 12:10; Mi 3:3; Mt 27:62; Mk 15:42; Jn 19:1, 14, 42.
[32] Lk 23:39; Jn 19:18.
[34] Ps 51:7; Ezk 36:25; Zc 13:1; Mt 27:62; Jn 13:8; Ac 22:16; 1Co 1:30; 6:11; Ep 5:26; Tit 2:14; 3:5; He 9:13, 22; 10:19; 1P 3:21; 1Jn 1:6; 5:6, 8; Rv 1:5; 7:14.
[35] Jn 11:15, 42; 14:29; 17:20; 19:26; 20:31; 21:24; Ac 10:39; Ro 15:4; He 2:3; 1P 5:1; 1Jn 1:1; 5:13.
[36] Ex 12:46; Nu 9:12; Ps 22:14; 34:20; 35:10.
[37] Ps 22:16; Zc 12:10; Rv 1:7.

He is buried by Joseph and Nicodemus.

38 ¶ And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave [him] leave. He came therefore, and took the body of Jesus. 39 And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night, and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound [weight]. 40 Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury. 41 Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre, wherein was never man yet laid. 42 There laid they Jesus therefore because of the Jews' preparation [day]; for the sepulchre was nigh at hand.

[38] Pv 29:25; Mt 27:57; Mk 15:42; Lk 23:50; Jn 9:22; 12:42; Php 1:14.
[39] 2Ch 16:14; So 4:6, 14; Mt 12:20; 19:30; Jn 3:1; 7:50; 12:7.
[40] Jn 11:44; 20:5; Ac 5:6.
[41] 2K 23:30; Is 22:16; Mt 27:60, 64; Lk 23:53; Jn 20:15.
[42] Ps 22:15; Is 53:9; Mt 12:40; Jn 19:14, 31; Ac 13:29; 1Co 15:4; Col 2:12.


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