NASB — Deuteronomy 21 — KJV

Expiation of a Crime

1 “If a slain person is found lying in the open country in the land which the LORD your God gives you to Ipossess, [and] it is not known who has struck him, 2 then your elders and your judges shall go out and measure [the distance] to the cities which are around the slain one. 3 It shall be that the city which is nearest to the slain man, that is, the elders of that city, shall take a heifer of the herd, which has not been worked and which has not pulled in a yoke; 4 and the elders of that city shall bring the heifer down to a valley with running water, which has not been plowed or sown, and shall break the heifer’s neck there in the valley. 5 Then athe priests, the sons of Levi, shall come near, for the LORD your God has chosen them to serve Him and to bless in the name of the LORD; and every dispute and every Iassault IIshall be settled by them. 6 All the elders of that city Iwhich is nearest to the slain man shall awash their hands over the heifer whose neck was broken in the valley; 7 and they shall answer and say, ‘Our hands did not shed this blood, nor did our eyes see [it]. 8 IForgive Your people Israel whom You have redeemed, O LORD, and do not place the guilt of ainnocent blood in the midst of Your people Israel.’ And the bloodguiltiness shall be IIforgiven them. 9 aSo you shall remove the guilt of innocent blood from your midst, when you do what is right in the eyes of the LORD.

[1] ILit possess it
[5] ILit stroke IILit shall be according to their mouth aDt 17:9-11; 19:17; 1Ch 23:13
[6] ILit who are aMt 27:24
[8] ILit Cover over, atone for IILit covered over, atoned for aNu 35:33, 34; Jna 1:14
[9] aDt 19:13

Domestic Relations

10 ¶ “When you go out to battle against your enemies, and athe LORD your God delivers them into your hands and you take them away captive, 11 and see among the captives a beautiful woman, and have a desire for her and would take her as a wife for yourself, 12 then you shall bring her home to your house, and she shall ashave her head and Itrim her nails. 13 She shall also Iremove the clothes of her captivity and shall remain in your house, and amourn her father and mother a full month; and after that you may go in to her and be her husband and she shall be your wife. 14 It shall be, if you are not pleased with her, then you shall let her go Iwherever she wishes; but you shall certainly not sell her for money, you shall not IImistreat her, because you have ahumbled her.

[10] aJsh 21:44
[12] ILit do aLv 14:8, 9; Nu 6:9
[13] ILit remove from her aPs 45:10
[14] ILit according to her soul IIOr enslave aGn 34:2

15 ¶ “If a man has two wives, the one loved and athe other Iunloved, and [both] the loved and the Iunloved have borne him sons, if the firstborn son belongs to the Iunloved, 16 then it shall be in the day he Iwills what he has to his sons, he cannot make the son of the loved the firstborn before the son of the IIunloved, who is the firstborn. 17 But he shall acknowledge the firstborn, the son of the Iunloved, by giving him a double portion of all that IIhe has, for he is the abeginning of his strength; bto him belongs the right of the firstborn.

[15] ILit hated aGn 29:33
[16] ILit makes to inherit IILit hated
[17] ILit hated IILit is found with him aGn 49:3 bGn 25:31

18 ¶ “If any man has a stubborn and rebellious son who will anot obey his father or his mother, and when they chastise him, he will not even listen to them, 19 then his father and mother shall seize him, and bring him out to the elders of his city Iat the gateway of his hometown. 20 They shall say to the elders of his city, ‘This son of ours is stubborn and rebellious, he will not obey us, he is a glutton and a drunkard.’ 21 aThen all the men of his city shall stone him to death; so byou shall remove the evil from your midst, and call Israel will hear [of it] and fear.

[18] aEx 20:12; Lv 19:3; Pv 1:8; Ep 6:1-3
[19] ILit and to the gate of his place
[21] aLv 20:2, 27; 24:14-23; Nu 15:25, 36 bDt 19:19 cDt 13:11

22 ¶ “If a man has committed a sin aworthy of death and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree, 23 ahis corpse shall not hang all night on the tree, but you shall surely bury him on the same day (for bhe who is hanged is Iaccursed of God), so that you cdo not defile your land which the LORD your God gives you as an inheritance.

[22] aDt 22:26; Mt 26:66; Mk 14:64; Ac 23:29
[23] ILit the curse of God aJsh 8:29; 10:26, 27; Jn 19:31 bGa 3:13 cLv 18:25; Nu 35:34


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The expiation of an uncertain murder.

1 ¶ If [one] be found slain in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee to possess it, lying in the field, [and] it be not known who hath slain him: 2 Then thy elders and thy judges shall come forth, and they shall measure unto the cities which [are] round about him that is slain: 3 And it shall be, [that] the city [which is] next unto the slain man, even the elders of that city shall take an heifer, which hath not been wrought with, [and] which hath not drawn in the yoke; 4 And the elders of that city shall bring down the heifer unto a rough valley, which is neither eared nor sown, and shall strike off the heifer's neck there in the valley: 5 And the priests the sons of Levi shall come near; for them the LORD thy God hath chosen to minister unto him, and to bless in the name of the LORD; and by their word shall every controversy and every stroke be [tried]: 6 And all the elders of that city, [that are] next unto the slain [man], shall wash their hands over the heifer that is beheaded in the valley: 7 And they shall answer and say, Our hands have not shed this blood, neither have our eyes seen [it]. 8 Be merciful, O LORD, unto thy people Israel, whom thou hast redeemed, and lay not innocent blood unto thy people of Israel's charge. And the blood shall be forgiven them. 9 So shalt thou put away the [guilt of] innocent blood from among you, when thou shalt do [that which is] right in the sight of the LORD.

[1] Ps 5:6; 9:12; Pv 28:17; Is 26:21; Ac 28:4.
[2] Dt 16:18; Ro 13:3.
[3] Nu 19:2; Jr 31:18; Mt 11:28; Php 2:8.
[4] 1P 2:21; 3:18.
[5] Nu 6:22; Dt 10:8; 17:8; 18:5; 1Ch 23:13; Mal 2:7.
[6] Jb 9:30; Ps 19:12; 26:6; 51:2, 7, 14; 73:13; Jr 2:22; Mt 27:24; He 9:10.
[7] Nu 5:19; 2S 16:8; Jb 21:21, 31; Ps 7:3.
[8] Nu 35:33; 2S 3:28; 2K 24:4; Ps 19:12; Jr 26:15; Ezk 23:3, 24; Jna 1:14; Mt 23:35; 1Th 2:15.
[9] Dt 13:18; 19:12; 2K 10:30.

The usage of a captive taken to wife.

10 ¶ When thou goest forth to war against thine enemies, and the LORD thy God hath delivered them into thine hands, and thou hast taken them captive, 11 And seest among the captives a beautiful woman, and hast a desire unto her, that thou wouldest have her to thy wife; 12 Then thou shalt bring her home to thine house; and she shall shave her head, and pare her nails; 13 And she shall put the raiment of her captivity from off her, and shall remain in thine house, and bewail her father and her mother a full month: and after that thou shalt go in unto her, and be her husband, and she shall be thy wife. 14 And it shall be, if thou have no delight in her, then thou shalt let her go whither she will; but thou shalt not sell her at all for money, thou shalt not make merchandise of her, because thou hast humbled her.

[10] Dt 20:10.
[11] Gn 6:2; 12:14; 29:18; 34:3, 8; Nu 31:18; Jg 14:2; Pv 6:25; 31:10, 30.
[12] 1Co 11:6; Ep 4:22.
[13] Ps 45:10; Lk 14:26.
[14] Gn 34:2; Ex 21:7; Dt 22:19, 24, 29; Jg 19:24.

The firstborn is not to be disinherited upon private affection.

15 ¶ If a man have two wives, one beloved, and another hated, and they have born him children, [both] the beloved and the hated; and [if] the firstborn son be hers that was hated: 16 Then it shall be, when he maketh his sons to inherit [that] which he hath, [that] he may not make the son of the beloved firstborn before the son of the hated, [which is indeed] the firstborn: 17 But he shall acknowledge the son of the hated [for] the firstborn, by giving him a double portion of all that he hath: for he [is] the beginning of his strength; the right of the firstborn [is] his.

[15] Gn 29:18, 20, 30, 33; 1S 1:4.
[16] 1Ch 5:2; 26:10; 2Ch 11:19; 21:3; Ro 8:29; Php 4:8; He 12:16.
[17] Gn 25:5, 31, 32, 34; 49:3; 1Ch 5:1; Ps 105:36.

A stubborn son is to be stoned to death.

18 ¶ If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, which will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and [that], when they have chastened him, will not hearken unto them: 19 Then shall his father and his mother lay hold on him, and bring him out unto the elders of his city, and unto the gate of his place; 20 And they shall say unto the elders of his city, This our son [is] stubborn and rebellious, he will not obey our voice; [he is] a glutton, and a drunkard. 21 And all the men of his city shall stone him with stones, that he die: so shalt thou put evil away from among you; and all Israel shall hear, and fear.

[18] Ex 20:12; 21:15, 17; Lv 19:3; 21:9; Dt 8:5; 27:16; 2S 7:14; Pv 13:24; 15:5; 19:18; 20:20; 22:15; 23:13; 28:24; 29:17; 30:11, 17; Is 1:2, 5; Jr 5:3; 31:18; Ezk 22:7; 24:13; Am 4:11; He 12:9.
[19] Dt 16:18; 21:2; 25:7; Zc 13:3.
[20] Pv 19:26; 20:1; 23:19, 29; 29:17.
[21] Lv 24:16; Dt 13:5, 10, 11; 17:5; 19:19; 22:21, 24.

The malefactor must not hang all night of a tree.

22 ¶ And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be to be put to death, and thou hang him on a tree: 23 His body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but thou shalt in any wise bury him that day; (for he that is hanged [is] accursed of God;) that thy land be not defiled, which the LORD thy God giveth thee [for] an inheritance.

[22] Nu 25:4; Dt 19:6; 22:26; Jsh 8:29; 10:26; 1S 26:16; 2S 4:12; 21:6, 9; Mt 26:66; Lk 23:33; Jn 19:31; Ac 23:29; 25:11, 25; 26:31.
[23] Lv 18:25; Nu 25:4; 35:33; Dt 7:26; Jsh 7:12; 2S 21:6; Jn 19:31; Ro 9:3; 1Co 16:22; 2Co 5:21; Ga 3:13.


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