NASB — Proverbs 28 — KJV

Warnings and Instructions

  1 The wicked aflee when no one is pursuing,
  But the righteous are Ibold as a lion.
  2 By the transgression of a land amany are its princes,
  But bby a man of understanding [and] knowledge, so it endures.
  3 A apoor man who oppresses the lowly
  Is [like] a driving rain Iwhich leaves no food.
  4 Those who forsake the law apraise the wicked,
  But those who keep the law bstrive with them.
  5 Evil men ado not understand justice,
  But those who seek the LORD bunderstand all things.
  6 aBetter is the poor who walks in his integrity
  Than he who is Icrooked though he be rich.
  7 He who keeps the law is a discerning son,
  But he who is a companion of agluttons humiliates his father.
  8 He who increases his wealth by ainterest and usury
  Gathers it bfor him who is gracious to the poor.
  9 He who turns away his ear from listening to the law,
  Even his aprayer is an abomination.
  10 He who leads the upright astray in an evil way
  Will ahimself fall into his own pit,
  But the bblameless will inherit good.
  11 The rich man is awise in his own eyes,
  But the poor who has understanding Isees through him.
  12 When the arighteous triumph, there is great glory,
  But bwhen the wicked rise, men Ihide themselves.
  13 He who aconceals his transgressions will not prosper,
  But he who bconfesses and forsakes [them] will find compassion.
  14 How blessed is the man who afears always,
  But he who bhardens his heart will fall into calamity.
  15 [Like] a aroaring lion and a rushing bear
  Is a bwicked ruler over a poor people.
  16 A aleader who is a great oppressor lacks understanding,
  [But] he who hates unjust gain will prolong [his] days.
  17 A man who is aladen with the guilt of human blood
  Will Ibe a fugitive until death; let no one support him.
  18 He who walks blamelessly will be delivered,
  But he who is Iacrooked will fall all at once.
  19 aHe who tills his land will bhave plenty of food,
  But he who follows empty [pursuits] will have poverty in plenty.
  20 A afaithful man will abound with blessings,
  But he who bmakes haste to be rich will not go unpunished.
  21 To Iashow partiality is not good,
  bBecause for a piece of bread a man will transgress.
  22 A man with an aevil eye bhastens after wealth
  And does not know that want will come upon him.
  23 He who arebukes a man will afterward find [more] favor
  Than he who bflatters with the tongue.
  24 He who arobs his father or his mother
  And says, “It is not a transgression,”
  Is the bcompanion of a man who destroys.
  25 An Iarrogant man astirs up strife,
  But he who btrusts in the LORD cwill IIprosper.
  26 He who atrusts in his own heart is a fool,
  But he who walks wisely will be delivered.
  27 He who agives to the poor will never want,
  But he who Ishuts his eyes will have many curses.
  28 When the wicked rise, men hide themselves;
  But when they perish, the righteous increase.

[1] ILit confident aLv 26:17, 36; Ps 53:5
[2] a1K 16:8-28; 2K 15:8-15 bPv 11:11
[3] ILit and there is no bread aMt 18:28
[4] aPs 49:18; Ro 1:32 b1K 18:18; Ne 13:11, 15; Mt 3:7; 14:4; Ep 5:11
[5] aPs 92:6; Is 6:9; 44:18 bPs 119:100; Pv 2:9; Jn 7:17; 1Co 2:15; 1 Jn 2:20, 27
[6] ILit perverse of two ways aPv 19:1
[7] aPv 23:20
[8] aEx 22:25; Lv 25:36 bJb 27:17; Pv 13:22; 14:31
[9] aPs 66:18; 109:7; Pv 15:8; 21:27
[10] aPs 7:15; Pv 26:27 bMt 6:33; He 6:12; 1P 3:9
[11] ILit examines him aPv 3:7; 26:5, 12
[12] ILit will be searched for aPv 11:10; 29:2 bPv 28:28; Ec 10:5, 6
[13] aJb 31:33; Ps 32:3 bPs 32:5; 1 Jn 1:9
[14] aPv 23:17 bPs 95:8; Ro 2:5
[15] aPv 19:12; 1P 5:8 bEx 1:14; Pv 29:2; Mt 2:16
[16] aEc 10:16; Is 3:12
[17] ILit flee to the pit aGn 9:6; Ex 21:14
[18] ILit perverse of two ways aPv 10:27
[19] aPv 12:11 bPv 20:13
[20] aPv 10:6; Mt 24:45; 25:21 bPv 20:21; 28:22; 1Ti 6:9
[21] ILit regard the face aPv 24:23 bEzk 13:19
[22] aPv 23:6 bPv 21:5
[23] aPv 27:5, 6 bPv 29:5
[24] aPv 19:26 bPv 18:9
[25] ILit broad soul IILit be made fat aPv 15:18 bPv 29:25; 1Ti 6:6 cPv 11:25
[26] aPv 3:5
[27] ILit hides aPv 11:24; 19:17


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General observations of impiety and religious integrity.

1 ¶ The wicked flee when no man pursueth: but the righteous are bold as a lion. 2 For the transgression of a land many [are] the princes thereof: but by a man of understanding [and] knowledge the state [thereof] shall be prolonged. 3 A poor man that oppresseth the poor [is like] a sweeping rain which leaveth no food. 4 They that forsake the law praise the wicked: but such as keep the law contend with them. 5 Evil men understand not judgment: but they that seek the LORD understand all [things]. 6 Better [is] the poor that walketh in his uprightness, than [he that is] perverse [in his] ways, though he [be] rich. 7 Whoso keepeth the law [is] a wise son: but he that is a companion of riotous [men] shameth his father. 8 He that by usury and unjust gain increaseth his substance, he shall gather it for him that will pity the poor. 9 He that turneth away his ear from hearing the law, even his prayer [shall be] abomination. 10 Whoso causeth the righteous to go astray in an evil way, he shall fall himself into his own pit: but the upright shall have good [things] in possession. 11 The rich man [is] wise in his own conceit; but the poor that hath understanding searcheth him out. 12 When righteous [men] do rejoice, [there is] great glory: but when the wicked rise, a man is hidden. 13 He that covereth his sins shall not prosper: but whoso confesseth and forsaketh [them] shall have mercy. 14 Happy [is] the man that feareth alway: but he that hardeneth his heart shall fall into mischief. 15 [As] a roaring lion, and a ranging bear; [so is] a wicked ruler over the poor people. 16 The prince that wanteth understanding [is] also a great oppressor: [but] he that hateth covetousness shall prolong [his] days. 17 A man that doeth violence to the blood of [any] person shall flee to the pit; let no man stay him. 18 Whoso walketh uprightly shall be saved: but [he that is] perverse [in his] ways shall fall at once. 19 He that tilleth his land shall have plenty of bread: but he that followeth after vain [persons] shall have poverty enough. 20 A faithful man shall abound with blessings: but he that maketh haste to be rich shall not be innocent. 21 To have respect of persons [is] not good: for for a piece of bread [that] man will transgress. 22 He that hasteth to be rich [hath] an evil eye, and considereth not that poverty shall come upon him. 23 He that rebuketh a man afterwards shall find more favour than he that flattereth with the tongue. 24 Whoso robbeth his father or his mother, and saith, [It is] no transgression; the same [is] the companion of a destroyer. 25 He that is of a proud heart stirreth up strife: but he that putteth his trust in the LORD shall be made fat. 26 He that trusteth in his own heart is a fool: but whoso walketh wisely, he shall be delivered. 27 He that giveth unto the poor shall not lack: but he that hideth his eyes shall have many a curse. 28 When the wicked rise, men hide themselves: but when they perish, the righteous increase.

[1] Ex 11:8; Lv 26:17, 36; Dt 28:7, 25; 2K 7:6, 15; Ps 27:1; 46:2; 53:5; 112:7; Is 7:2; 26:3; Jr 20:4; Dn 3:16; 6:10; Ac 4:13; 14:3; 1Th 2:2.
[2] Gn 45:5; 1K 15:25, 28; 16:8; 2K 15:8; 2Ch 32:20; 36:1; Jb 22:28; Ec 9:15; Is 3:1; 58:12; Dn 4:27; Ho 13:11.
[3] Mt 18:28.
[4] 1S 15:14; 22:14; 23:19; 1K 18:18, 21; 20:41; 21:19; 22:19; 2K 3:13; Ne 5:7; 13:8, 17, 23, 28; Ps 10:3; 49:18; Jr 5:30; Mt 3:7, 15; 14:4; Ac 12:22; 15:2; 19:9; 24:2; Ro 1:32; Ga 2:3; Ep 5:11; 1Th 2:2; 1Jn 4:5; Jde 1:3.
[5] Ps 25:14; 92:6; Pv 15:24; 24:7; Jr 4:22; Mk 4:10; Jn 7:17; 1Co 2:14; Jm 1:5; 1Jn 2:20, 27.
[6] Pv 16:8; 19:1, 22; 28:18; Lk 16:19; Ac 24:24.
[7] Pv 2:1; 3:1; 19:26; 23:19; 28:24; 29:3, 15; Lk 15:13, 30; 1P 4:3.
[8] Lv 25:36; 2S 12:6; Jb 27:16; Pv 13:22; 19:7; Ec 2:26; Ezk 18:8, 13, 17.
[9] Ps 66:18; 109:7; Pv 15:8; 21:13; Is 1:15; 58:7; Zc 7:11; Lk 13:25; 2Ti 4:3.
[10] Nu 31:15; Dt 7:12; 1S 26:19; Ps 7:15; 9:15; 37:11, 25; Pv 10:3; 15:6; 21:20; 26:27; Ec 10:8; Mt 6:33; Ac 13:8; Ro 16:17; 2Co 11:3, 13; Ga 1:8; 2:4; 3:1; 2P 2:18; Rv 2:14.
[11] Jb 32:9; Pv 18:11, 17; 19:1; 23:4; 26:16; Ec 9:15; Is 5:21; 10:13; Ezk 28:3; Lk 16:13; Ro 11:25; 12:16; 1Co 3:18; 1Ti 6:17.
[12] 1S 24:11; 1K 17:3; 18:13; 19:3; 1Ch 15:25; 16:7; 29:20; 2Ch 7:10; 30:22; Es 8:15; Jb 29:11; Pv 11:10; 28:28; 29:2; Ec 10:6, 16; Jr 5:1; 36:26; Lk 19:37; He 11:37.
[13] Gn 3:12; 4:9; Ex 10:16; Lv 26:40; 1S 15:13, 24, 30; 1K 8:47; Jb 31:33; 33:27; Ps 32:3; 51:1, 10; Pv 10:12; 17:9; Jr 2:22; 3:12; Dn 9:20; Mt 3:6; 23:25; 27:4; Lk 15:18; Ac 26:20; 1Jn 1:8.
[14] Ex 7:22; 14:23; Jb 9:4; Ps 2:11; 16:8; 112:1; Pv 23:17; 29:1; Is 66:2; Jr 32:40; Ro 2:4; 11:20; He 4:1; 1P 1:17.
[15] Ex 1:14, 22; 1S 22:17; 2K 2:24; 15:16; 21:16; Es 3:6; Pv 17:12; 20:2; Ho 5:11; 13:8; Mt 2:16; 1P 5:8.
[16] Ex 18:21; 1K 12:10, 14; Ne 5:15; Ec 4:1; Is 3:12; 33:15; Jr 22:15; Am 4:1.
[17] Gn 9:6; Ex 21:14; Nu 35:14; 1K 21:19, 23; 2K 9:26; 2Ch 24:21; Mt 27:4; Ac 28:4.
[18] Nu 22:32; Ps 25:21; 26:11; 73:18; 84:11; 125:5; Pv 10:9, 25; 11:3; 28:6; Ga 2:14; 1Th 5:3; 2P 2:1; Rv 3:3.
[19] Jg 9:4; Pv 12:11; 13:20; 14:4; 23:20; 27:23; Lk 15:12.
[20] 1S 22:14; 2K 5:20; Ne 7:2; Ps 101:6; 112:4; Pv 13:11; 17:5; 20:6, 21; 23:4; 28:22; Lk 12:42; 16:1, 10; 1Co 4:2; 1Ti 6:9; Rv 2:10, 13.
[21] Ex 23:2, 8; Pv 18:5; 24:23; Ezk 13:19; Ho 4:18; Mi 3:5; 7:3; Ro 16:18; 2P 2:3.
[22] Gn 13:10; 19:17; Jb 20:18; 27:16; Pv 23:6; 28:20; Mt 20:15; Mk 7:22; 1Ti 6:9.
[23] 2S 12:7; 1K 1:23, 32; Ps 141:5; Pv 27:5; Mt 18:15; Ga 2:11; 2P 3:15.
[24] Jg 17:2; Pv 13:20; 18:9; 19:26; 28:7; Mt 15:4.
[25] Ps 84:12; Pv 10:12; 11:25; 13:4, 10; 15:18, 30; 21:24; 22:10; 29:22; Is 58:11; Jr 17:7; 1Ti 6:6.
[26] 2K 8:13; Jb 28:28; Pv 3:5; Jr 17:9; Mk 7:21; 14:27; Ro 8:7; 2Ti 3:15; Jm 1:5; 3:13.
[27] Dt 15:7, 10; Ps 41:1; 112:5; Pv 11:26; 19:17; 22:9; 24:24; Is 1:15; 2Co 9:6; He 13:16.
[28] Es 8:17; Jb 24:4; Pv 28:12; 29:2; Ac 12:23.


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