NASB — Leviticus 25 — KJV

The Sabbatic Year and Year of Jubilee

1 The LORD then spoke to Moses Iat Mount Sinai, saying, 2 “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘When you come into the land which I shall give you, then the land shall have a sabbath to the LORD. 3 aSix years you shall sow your field, and six years you shall prune your vineyard and gather in its crop, 4 but during athe seventh year the land shall have a sabbath rest, a sabbath to the LORD; you shall not sow your field nor prune your vineyard. 5 Your harvest’s Iaftergrowth you shall not reap, and your grapes of untrimmed vines you shall not gather; the land shall have a sabbatical year. 6 aAll of you shall have the sabbath [products] of the land for food; yourself, and your male and female slaves, and your hired man and your foreign resident, those who live as aliens with you. 7 Even your cattle and the animals that are in your land shall have all its crops to eat.

[1] IOr on
[3] aEx 23:10, 11
[4] aLv 25:20
[5] ILit growth from spilled kernels
[6] aLv 25:20, 21

8 ¶ ‘You are also to count off seven sabbaths of years for yourself, seven times seven years, so that you have the time of the seven sabbaths of years, [namely], forty-nine years. 9 You shall then sound a ram’s horn abroad on athe tenth day of the seventh month; on the day of atonement you shall sound a horn all through your land. 10 You shall thus consecrate the fiftieth year and aproclaim Ia release through the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a jubilee for you, IIand beach of you shall return to his own property, IIand each of you shall return to his family. 11 You shall have the fiftieth year as a jubilee; you shall not sow, nor reap its aftergrowth, nor gather in [from] its untrimmed vines. 12 For it is a jubilee; it shall be holy to you. You shall eat its crops out of the field.

[9] aLv 23:27
[10] IOr liberty IIOr when aJr 34:8, 15, 17 bLv 25:13, 28, 54

13 ¶ ‘aOn this year of jubilee each of you shall return to his own property. 14 If you make a sale, moreover, to your friend or buy from your friend’s hand, ayou shall not wrong one another. 15 Corresponding to the number of years after the jubilee, you shall buy from your Ifriend; he is to sell to you according to the number of years of crops. 16 aIn proportion to the Iextent of the years you shall increase its price, and in proportion to the fewness of the years you shall diminish its price, for [it is] a number of crops he is selling to you. 17 So ayou shall not wrong one another, but you shall Ifear your God; for I am the LORD your God.

[13] aLv 25:10; 27:24
[14] aLv 25:17
[15] ILit friend’s hands
[16] ILit multitude aLv 25:27, 51, 52
[17] IOr reverence aLv 25:14; Pv 14:31; 22:22; Jr 7:5, 6; 1Th 4:6

18 ¶ ‘You shall thus observe My statutes and keep My judgments, so as to carry them out, that ayou may live securely on the land. 19 Then the land will yield its produce, so that you can eat your fill and live securely on it. 20 But if you say, “aWhat are we going to eat on the seventh year Iif we do not sow or gather in our crops?” 21 then aI will so order My blessing for you in the sixth year that it will bring forth the crop for three years. 22 When you are sowing the eighth year, you can still eat aold things from the crop, eating [the old] until the ninth year when its crop comes in.

[18] aLv 26:5; Dt 12:10; Jr 23:6
[20] IOr behold aLv 25:4
[21] aDt 28:8
[22] aLv 26:10

The Law of Redemption

23 ¶ ‘The land, moreover, shall not be sold permanently, for athe land is Mine; for byou are [but] aliens and sojourners with Me. 24 Thus for every Ipiece of your property, you are to provide for the redemption of the land.

[23] aEx 19:5 bGn 23:4; 1Ch 29:15; Ps 39:12; He 11:13; 1P 2:11
[24] ILit land

25 ¶ ‘aIf a Ifellow countryman of yours becomes so poor he has to sell part of his property, then his nearest kinsman is to come and buy back what his Irelative has sold. 26 Or in case a man has no kinsman, but so Irecovers his means as to find sufficient for its redemption, 27 athen he shall calculate the years since its sale and refund the balance to the man to whom he sold it, and so return to his property. 28 But if Ihe has not found sufficient means to get it back for himself, then what he has sold shall remain in the hands of its purchaser until the year of jubilee; but at the jubilee it shall IIrevert, that ahe may return to his property.

[25] ILit brother aRu 2:20; 4:4, 6
[26] ILit his hand reaches
[27] aLv 25:16
[28] ILit his hand has not found sufficient to IILit go out aLv 25:10, 13

29 ¶ ‘Likewise, if a man sells a dwelling house in a walled city, then his redemption right remains valid until a full year from its sale; his right of redemption lasts a full year. 30 But if it is not bought back for him within the space of a full year, then the house that is in the walled city passes permanently to its purchaser throughout his generations; it does not Irevert in the jubilee. 31 The houses of the villages, however, which have no surrounding wall shall be considered Ias open fields; they have redemption rights and IIrevert in the jubilee. 32 As for acities of the Levites, the Levites have a permanent right of redemption for the houses of the cities which are their possession. 33 What, therefore, Ibelongs to the Levites may be redeemed and a house sale IIin the city of this possession IIIreverts in the jubilee, for the houses of the cities of the Levites are their possession among the sons of Israel. 34 aBut pasture fields of their cities shall not be sold, for that is their perpetual possession.

[30] ILit go out
[31] ILit according to IILit go out
[32] aNu 35:1-8; Jsh 21:2
[33] ILit is from IILit and IIILit goes out
[34] aNu 35:2-5

Of Poor Countrymen

35 ¶ ‘aNow in case a Icountryman of yours becomes poor and his IImeans with regard to you falter, then you are to sustain him, like a stranger or a sojourner, that he may live with you. 36 aDo not take Iusurious interest from him, but revere your God, that your IIcountryman may live with you. 37 You shall not give him your silver at interest, nor your food for gain. 38 aI am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt to give you the land of Canaan [and] bto be your God.

[35] ILit brother IILit hand aDt 15:7-11; 24:14, 15
[36] ILit interest and usury IILit brother aEx 22:25; Dt 23:19, 20
[38] aLv 11:45 bGn 17:7

39 ¶ ‘aIf a Icountryman of yours becomes so poor with regard to you that he sells himself to you, you shall not subject him to a slave’s service. 40 He shall be with you as a hired man, as aif he were a sojourner; he shall serve with you until the year of jubilee. 41 He shall then go out from you, he and his sons with him, and shall go back to his family, that he may return to the property of his forefathers. 42 For they are My servants whom I brought out from the land of Egypt; they are not to be sold [in] a slave sale. 43 aYou shall not rule over him with severity, but are to revere your God. 44 As for your male and female slaves whom you may have—you may acquire male and female slaves from the pagan nations that are around you. 45 Then, too, [it is] out of the sons of the sojourners who live as aliens among you that you may gain acquisition, and out of their families who are with you, whom they will have Iproduced in your land; they also may become your possession. 46 You may even bequeath them to your sons after you, to receive as a possession; you can use them as permanent slaves. aBut in respect to your Icountrymen, the sons of Israel, you shall not rule with severity over one another.

[39] ILit brother aEx 21:2-6; Dt 15:12-18; 1K 9:22
[40] aEx 21:2
[43] aEx 1:13, 14; Lv 25:46, 53; Ezk 34:4; Col 4:1
[45] ILit begotten
[46] ILit brothers aLv 25:43

Of Redeeming a Poor Man

47 ¶ ‘Now if the Imeans of a stranger or of a sojourner with you becomes sufficient, and a IIcountryman of yours becomes so poor with regard to him as to sell himself to a stranger who is sojourning with you, or to the descendants of a stranger’s family, 48 then he shall have redemption right after he has been sold. One of his brothers may redeem him, 49 or his uncle, or his uncle’s son, may redeem him, or one of his blood relatives from his family may redeem him; or Iaif he prospers, he may redeem himself. 50 He then with his purchaser shall calculate from the year when he sold himself to him up to the year of jubilee; and the price of his sale shall correspond to the number of years. [It is] like the days of a hired man [that] he shall be with him. 51 If there are still many years, ahe shall refund part of his purchase price in proportion to them for his own redemption; 52 and if few years remain until the year of jubilee, he shall so calculate with him. In proportion to his years he is to refund [the amount for] his redemption. 53 Like a man hired year by year he shall be with him; ahe shall not rule over him with severity in your sight. 54 Even if he is not redeemed by Ithese [means], ahe shall still go out in the year of jubilee, he and his sons with him. 55 For the sons of Israel are My servants; they are My servants whom I brought out from the land of Egypt. I am the LORD your God.

[47] ILit hand...reaches IILit brother
[49] ILit if his hand has reached and aLv 25:26, 27
[51] aLv 25:16
[53] aLv 25:43
[54] IOr these years aLv 25:10, 13, 28


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The Sabbath of the seventh year.

1 ¶ And the LORD spake unto Moses in mount Sinai, saying, 2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye come into the land which I give you, then shall the land keep a sabbath unto the LORD. 3 Six years thou shalt sow thy field, and six years thou shalt prune thy vineyard, and gather in the fruit thereof; 4 But in the seventh year shall be a sabbath of rest unto the land, a sabbath for the LORD: thou shalt neither sow thy field, nor prune thy vineyard. 5 That which groweth of its own accord of thy harvest thou shalt not reap, neither gather the grapes of thy vine undressed: [for] it is a year of rest unto the land. 6 And the sabbath of the land shall be meat for you; for thee, and for thy servant, and for thy maid, and for thy hired servant, and for thy stranger that sojourneth with thee, 7 And for thy cattle, and for the beast that [are] in thy land, shall all the increase thereof be meat.

[1] Ex 19:1; Nu 1:1; 10:11; Ga 4:24.
[2] Ex 23:10; Lv 14:34; 23:32; 26:34; Dt 32:8, 49; 34:4; 2Ch 36:21; Ps 24:1; 115:16; Is 8:8; Jr 27:5.
[4] Ex 23:10; Lv 25:20; 26:34, 43; 2Ch 36:21.
[5] 2K 19:29; Is 37:30.
[6] Ex 23:11; Ac 2:44; 4:32, 34.

The jubile in the fiftieth year.

8 ¶ And thou shalt number seven sabbaths of years unto thee, seven times seven years; and the space of the seven sabbaths of years shall be unto thee forty and nine years. 9 Then shalt thou cause the trumpet of the jubile to sound on the tenth [day] of the seventh month, in the day of atonement shall ye make the trumpet sound throughout all your land. 10 And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout [all] the land unto all the inhabitants thereof: it shall be a jubile unto you; and ye shall return every man unto his possession, and ye shall return every man unto his family. 11 A jubile shall that fiftieth year be unto you: ye shall not sow, neither reap that which groweth of itself in it, nor gather [the grapes] in it of thy vine undressed. 12 For it [is] the jubile; it shall be holy unto you: ye shall eat the increase thereof out of the field. 13 In the year of this jubile ye shall return every man unto his possession.

[8] Gn 2:2; Lv 23:15.
[9] Lv 16:20, 30; 23:24, 27; 25:10; 27:17, 24; Nu 10:10; 36:4; Ps 89:15; Ac 13:38; Ro 10:18; 15:19; 2Co 5:19; 1Th 1:8.
[10] Ex 20:2; Lv 25:13, 26, 33; 27:17; Nu 36:2; Ezr 1:3; Ps 146:7; Is 49:9, 24; 61:1; 63:4; Jr 34:8, 13; Zc 9:11; Lk 1:74; 4:16; Jn 8:32; Ro 6:17; 2Co 3:17; Ga 4:25; 5:1, 13; 1P 2:16; 2P 2:19.
[11] Lv 25:5; 27:17.
[12] Lv 25:6.
[13] Lv 25:10; 27:17; Nu 36:4.

Of oppression.

14 And if thou sell ought unto thy neighbour, or buyest [ought] of thy neighbour's hand, ye shall not oppress one another: 15 According to the number of years after the jubile thou shalt buy of thy neighbour, [and] according unto the number of years of the fruits he shall sell unto thee: 16 According to the multitude of years thou shalt increase the price thereof, and according to the fewness of years thou shalt diminish the price of it: for [according] to the number [of the years] of the fruits doth he sell unto thee. 17 Ye shall not therefore oppress one another; but thou shalt fear thy God: for I [am] the LORD your God.

[14] Lv 19:13; 25:17; Dt 16:19; Jg 4:3; 1S 12:3; 2Ch 16:10; Ne 9:36; Jb 20:19; Ps 10:18; Pv 14:31; 21:13; 22:16; 28:3, 8, 16; Ec 5:8; Is 1:17; 3:12; 5:7; 33:15; 58:6; Jr 22:17; Ezk 22:7, 12; Am 5:11; 8:4; Mi 2:2; 6:10; 7:3; Lk 3:14; 1Co 6:8; Jm 5:1.
[15] Lv 27:18; Php 4:5.
[17] Gn 20:11; 22:12; 39:9; 42:18; Ex 20:20; Lv 19:14, 32; 25:14, 43; Dt 25:18; 1S 12:24; 2Ch 19:7; Ne 5:9, 15; Ps 19:9; Pv 1:7; Jr 22:16; Mal 3:5; Lk 12:5; Ac 9:31; 10:2, 35; Ro 3:18; 11:20.

A blessing of obedience.

18 ¶ Wherefore ye shall do my statutes, and keep my judgments, and do them; and ye shall dwell in the land in safety. 19 And the land shall yield her fruit, and ye shall eat your fill, and dwell therein in safety. 20 And if ye shall say, What shall we eat the seventh year? behold, we shall not sow, nor gather in our increase: 21 Then I will command my blessing upon you in the sixth year, and it shall bring forth fruit for three years. 22 And ye shall sow the eighth year, and eat [yet] of old fruit until the ninth year; until her fruits come in ye shall eat [of] the old [store].

[18] Lv 19:37; 26:3; Dt 12:10; 28:1; 33:12, 28; Ps 4:8; 103:18; Pv 1:33; Jr 7:3; 23:6; 25:5; 33:16; Ezk 33:24, 29; 34:25; 36:24.
[19] Lv 26:5; Ps 67:6; 85:12; Is 30:23; 65:21; Ezk 34:25; 36:30; Jol 2:24, 26.
[20] Nu 11:4, 13; 2K 6:15; 7:2; 2Ch 25:9; Ps 78:19; Is 1:2; Mt 6:25; 8:26; Lk 12:29; Php 4:6; He 13:5.
[21] Gn 26:12; 41:47; Ex 16:29; Lv 25:4, 8; Dt 28:3, 8; Ps 133:3; Pv 10:22; 2Co 9:10.
[22] Jsh 5:11; 2K 19:29; Is 37:30.

The redemption of the land,

23 ¶ The land shall not be sold for ever: for the land [is] mine; for ye [are] strangers and sojourners with me. 24 And in all the land of your possession ye shall grant a redemption for the land.

[23] Gn 47:9; Lv 25:10; Dt 32:43; 1K 21:3; 1Ch 29:15; 2Ch 7:20; Ps 24:1; 39:12; 85:1; 119:19; Is 8:8; Ezk 48:14; Ho 9:3; Jol 2:18; 3:2; He 11:9; 1P 2:11.
[24] Lv 25:27, 31, 51; Ro 8:23; 1Co 1:30; Ep 1:7, 14; 4:30.

25 ¶ If thy brother be waxen poor, and hath sold away [some] of his possession, and if any of his kin come to redeem it, then shall he redeem that which his brother sold. 26 And if the man have none to redeem it, and himself be able to redeem it; 27 Then let him count the years of the sale thereof, and restore the overplus unto the man to whom he sold it; that he may return unto his possession. 28 But if he be not able to restore [it] to him, then that which is sold shall remain in the hand of him that hath bought it until the year of jubile: and in the jubile it shall go out, and he shall return unto his possession.

[25] Ru 2:20; 3:2, 9, 12; 4:4; Jr 32:7; 2Co 8:9; He 2:13; Rv 5:9.
[26] Lv 5:7.
[27] Lv 25:50.
[28] Lv 25:13; Is 35:9; Jr 32:15; 1Co 15:52; 1Th 4:13; 1P 1:4.

of houses.

29 And if a man sell a dwelling house in a walled city, then he may redeem it within a whole year after it is sold; [within] a full year may he redeem it. 30 And if it be not redeemed within the space of a full year, then the house that [is] in the walled city shall be established for ever to him that bought it throughout his generations: it shall not go out in the jubile. 31 But the houses of the villages which have no wall round about them shall be counted as the fields of the country: they may be redeemed, and they shall go out in the jubile. 32 Notwithstanding the cities of the Levites, [and] the houses of the cities of their possession, may the Levites redeem at any time. 33 And if a man purchase of the Levites, then the house that was sold, and the city of his possession, shall go out in [the year of] jubile: for the houses of the cities of the Levites [are] their possession among the children of Israel. 34 But the field of the suburbs of their cities may not be sold; for it [is] their perpetual possession.

[31] Ps 49:7.
[32] Nu 35:2; Jsh 21:1.
[33] Lv 25:28; Nu 18:20; Dt 18:1.
[34] Lv 25:23; Ac 4:36.

Compassion of the poor.

35 ¶ And if thy brother be waxen poor, and fallen in decay with thee; then thou shalt relieve him: [yea, though he be] a stranger, or a sojourner; that he may live with thee. 36 Take thou no usury of him, or increase: but fear thy God; that thy brother may live with thee. 37 Thou shalt not give him thy money upon usury, nor lend him thy victuals for increase. 38 I [am] the LORD your God, which brought you forth out of the land of Egypt, to give you the land of Canaan, [and] to be your God.

[35] Ex 23:9; Lv 19:34; 25:25; Dt 10:18; 15:7; Ps 37:26; 41:1; 112:5, 9; Pv 14:20, 31; 17:5; 19:17; Mt 25:35; Mk 14:7; Lk 6:35; Jn 12:8; Ac 11:29; Ro 12:13, 18, 20; 2Co 8:9; 9:1, 12; Ga 2:10; He 13:2; Jm 2:5; 1Jn 3:17.
[36] Ex 22:25; Lv 25:17; Dt 23:19; Ne 5:7, 9, 15; Ps 15:5; Pv 28:8; Ezk 18:8, 13, 17; 22:12.
[38] Ex 20:2; Lv 11:45; 22:32; Nu 15:41; Jr 31:1, 33; 32:38; He 11:16.

The usage of bondmen.

39 ¶ And if thy brother [that dwelleth] by thee be waxen poor, and be sold unto thee; thou shalt not compel him to serve as a bondservant: 40 [But] as an hired servant, [and] as a sojourner, he shall be with thee, [and] shall serve thee unto the year of jubile: 41 And [then] shall he depart from thee, [both] he and his children with him, and shall return unto his own family, and unto the possession of his fathers shall he return. 42 For they [are] my servants, which I brought forth out of the land of Egypt: they shall not be sold as bondmen. 43 Thou shalt not rule over him with rigour; but shalt fear thy God. 44 Both thy bondmen, and thy bondmaids, which thou shalt have, [shall be] of the heathen that are round about you; of them shall ye buy bondmen and bondmaids. 45 Moreover of the children of the strangers that do sojourn among you, of them shall ye buy, and of their families that [are] with you, which they begat in your land: and they shall be your possession. 46 And ye shall take them as an inheritance for your children after you, to inherit [them for] a possession; they shall be your bondmen for ever: but over your brethren the children of Israel, ye shall not rule one over another with rigour.

[39] Ex 1:14; 21:2; 22:3; Lv 25:46; Dt 15:12; 1K 9:22; 2K 4:1; Ne 5:5; Jr 25:14; 27:7; 30:8; 34:14.
[40] Ex 21:2.
[41] Ex 21:3; Lv 25:10, 28; Jn 8:32; Ro 6:14; Tit 2:14.
[42] Lv 25:55; Ro 6:22; 1Co 7:21.
[43] Ex 1:13, 17, 21; 2:23; 3:7, 9; 5:14; Lv 25:17, 46, 53; Dt 25:18; Is 47:6; 58:3; Mal 3:5; Ep 6:9; Col 4:1.
[44] Ex 12:44; Ps 2:8; Is 14:1; Rv 2:26.
[45] Is 56:3.
[46] Lv 25:39, 43; Is 14:2.

The redemption of servants.

47 ¶ And if a sojourner or stranger wax rich by thee, and thy brother [that dwelleth] by him wax poor, and sell himself unto the stranger [or] sojourner by thee, or to the stock of the stranger's family: 48 After that he is sold he may be redeemed again; one of his brethren may redeem him: 49 Either his uncle, or his uncle's son, may redeem him, or [any] that is nigh of kin unto him of his family may redeem him; or if he be able, he may redeem himself. 50 And he shall reckon with him that bought him from the year that he was sold to him unto the year of jubile: and the price of his sale shall be according unto the number of years, according to the time of an hired servant shall it be with him. 51 If [there be] yet many years [behind], according unto them he shall give again the price of his redemption out of the money that he was bought for. 52 And if there remain but few years unto the year of jubile, then he shall count with him, [and] according unto his years shall he give him again the price of his redemption. 53 [And] as a yearly hired servant shall he be with him: [and the other] shall not rule with rigour over him in thy sight. 54 And if he be not redeemed in these [years], then he shall go out in the year of jubile, [both] he, and his children with him. 55 For unto me the children of Israel [are] servants; they [are] my servants whom I brought forth out of the land of Egypt: I [am] the LORD your God.

[47] Lv 25:26; 1S 2:7; Jm 2:5.
[48] Lv 25:25, 35; Ne 5:5, 8; Ga 4:4; He 2:11.
[49] Lv 25:26.
[50] Lv 25:27, 40, 53; Dt 15:18; Ne 5:8; Jb 7:1; 14:6; Is 16:14; 21:16.
[53] Lv 25:43.
[54] Ex 21:2; Lv 25:40; Is 49:9, 25; 52:3.
[55] Ex 13:3; 20:2; Lv 25:42; Ps 116:16; Is 43:3; Lk 1:74; Ro 6:14, 17, 22; 1Co 7:22; 9:19, 21; Ga 5:13.


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