NASB — Galatians 2 — KJV

The Council at Jerusalem

1 Then after an interval of fourteen years I awent up again to Jerusalem with bBarnabas, taking cTitus along also. 2 IIt was because of a arevelation that I went up; and I submitted to them the bgospel which I preach among the Gentiles, but [I did so] in private to those who were of reputation, for fear that I might be crunning, or had run, in vain. 3 But not even aTitus, who was with me, though he was a Greek, was bcompelled to be circumcised. 4 But [it was] because of the afalse brethren secretly brought in, who bhad sneaked in to spy out our cliberty which we have in Christ Jesus, in order to dbring us into bondage. 5 But we did not yield in subjection to them for even an hour, so that athe truth of the gospel would remain with you. 6 But from those who Iwere of high areputation (what they were makes no difference to me; bGod IIshows no partiality)—well, those who were of reputation contributed nothing to me. 7 But on the contrary, seeing that I had been aentrusted with the bgospel Ito the uncircumcised, just as cPeter [had been] IIto the circumcised 8 (for He who effectually worked for Peter in [his] aapostleship Ito the circumcised effectually worked for me also to the Gentiles), 9 and recognizing athe grace that had been given to me, IbJames and cCephas and John, who were dreputed to be epillars, gave to me and fBarnabas the gright IIhand of fellowship, so that we [might] h[go] to the Gentiles and they to the circumcised. 10 [They] only [asked] us to remember the poorathe very thing I also was eager to do.

[1] aAc 15:2 bAc 4:36; Ga 2:9, 13 c2Co 2:13; Ga 2:3
[2] ILit according to revelation I went up aAc 15:2; Ga 1:12 bGa 1:6 cRo 9:16; 1Co 9:24ff; Ga 5:7; Php 2:16; 2Ti 4:7; He 12:1
[3] a2Co 2:13; Ga 2:1 bAc 16:3; 1Co 9:21
[4] aAc 15:1, 24; 2Co 11:13, 26; Ga 1:7 b2P 2:1; Jde 4 cGa 5:1, 13; Jm 1:25 dRo 8:15; 2Co 11:20
[5] aGa 1:6; 2:14; Col 1:5
[6] ILit seemed to be something IILit does not receive a face a2Co 11:5; 12:11; Ga 2:9; 6:3 bAc 10:34
[7] ILit of the uncircumcision IILit of the circumcision a1Co 9:17; 1Th 2:4; 1Ti 1:11 bAc 9:15; Ga 1:16 cGa 1:18; 2:9, 11, 14
[8] ILit of the circumcision aAc 1:25
[9] IOr Jacob IILit hands aRo 12:3 bAc 12:17; Ga 2:12 cLk 22:8; Ga 1:18; 2:7, 11, 14 d2Co 11:5; 12:11; Ga 2:2, 6; 6:3 e1Ti 3:15; Rv 3:12 fAc 4:36; Ga 2:1, 13 g2K 10:15 hGa 1:16
[10] aAc 24:17

Peter (Cephas) Opposed by Paul

11 ¶ But when aCephas came to bAntioch, I opposed him to his face, because he Istood condemned. 12 For prior to the coming of certain men from IaJames, he used to beat with the Gentiles; but when they came, he [began] to withdraw and hold himself aloof, cfearing IIthe party of the circumcision. 13 The rest of the Jews joined him in hypocrisy, with the result that even aBarnabas was carried away by their hypocrisy. 14 But when I saw that they awere not Istraightforward about bthe truth of the gospel, I said to cCephas in the presence of all, “If you, being a Jew, dlive like the Gentiles and not like the Jews, how [is it that] you compel the Gentiles to live like Jews?II

[11] IOr was to be condemned; lit was one who was condemned, or, was self-condemned aGa 1:18; 2:7, 9, 14 bAc 11:19; 15:1
[12] IOr Jacob IIOr converts from the circumcised; lit those from the circumcision aAc 12:17; Ga 2:9 bAc 11:3 cAc 11:2
[13] aAc 4:36; Ga 2:1, 9
[14] IOr progressing toward; lit walking straightly IISome close the direct quotation here, others extend it through v 21 aHe 12:13 bGa 1:6; 2:5; Col 1:5 cGa 1:18; 2:7, 9, 11 dAc 10:28; Ga 2:12

15 ¶ “We [are] aJews by nature and not bsinners from among the Gentiles; 16 nevertheless knowing that aa man is not justified by the works of Ithe Law but through faith in Christ Jesus, even we have believed in Christ Jesus, so that we may be justified by bfaith in Christ and not by the works of Ithe Law; since cby the works of Ithe Law no IIflesh will be justified. 17 But if, while seeking to be justified in Christ, we ourselves have also been found asinners, is Christ then a minister of sin? bMay it never be! 18 For if I rebuild what I have [once] destroyed, I aprove myself to be a transgressor. 19 For through Ithe Law I adied to Ithe Law, so that I might live to God. 20 I have been acrucified with Christ; and it is no longer I who live, but bChrist lives in me; and Ithe [life] which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in cthe Son of God, who dloved me and egave Himself up for me. 21 I do not nullify the grace of God, for aif righteousness [comes] through Ithe Law, then Christ died needlessly.”

[15] aPhp 3:4f b1S 15:18; Lk 24:7
[16] IOr law IIOr mortal man aAc 13:39; Ga 3:11 bRo 3:22; 9:30 cPs 143:2; Ro 3:20
[17] aGa 2:15 bLk 20:16; Ga 3:21
[18] aRo 3:5
[19] IOr law aRo 6:2; 7:4; 1Co 9:20
[20] IOr insofar as I aRo 6:6; Ga 5:24; 6:14 bRo 8:10 cMt 4:3 dRo 8:37 eGa 1:4
[21] IOr law aGa 3:21


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He sheweth when he went up again to Jerusalem, and for what purpose:

1 ¶ Then fourteen years after I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, and took Titus with [me] also. 2 And I went up by revelation, and communicated unto them that gospel which I preach among the Gentiles, but privately to them which were of reputation, lest by any means I should run, or had run, in vain.

[1] Ac 4:36; 11:25, 30; 12:25; 13:2, 50; 14:12; 15:2, 25, 36; 1Co 9:6; 2Co 8:16, 23; Ga 1:18; 2:3, 13; Col 4:10; Tit 1:4.
[2] Ec 10:1; Mt 10:16; Ac 5:34; 15:4, 12; 16:9; 18:9; 23:11; 1Co 1:23; 2:2; 9:26; Ga 1:16; 2:6, 9; Php 2:16, 29; 1Th 3:5.

and that Titus was not circumcised:

3 But neither Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised: 4 And that because of false brethren unawares brought in, who came in privily to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage: 5 To whom we gave place by subjection, no, not for an hour; that the truth of the gospel might continue with you. 6 But of these who seemed to be somewhat, (whatsoever they were, it maketh no matter to me: God accepteth no man's person:) for they who seemed [to be somewhat] in conference added nothing to me: 7 But contrariwise, when they saw that the gospel of the uncircumcision was committed unto me, as [the gospel] of the circumcision [was] unto Peter; 8 (For he that wrought effectually in Peter to the apostleship of the circumcision, the same was mighty in me toward the Gentiles:) 9 And when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship; that we [should go] unto the heathen, and they unto the circumcision. 10 Only [they would] that we should remember the poor; the same which I also was forward to do.

[3] Ac 15:24; 16:3; 1Co 9:20; Ga 5:2.
[4] Ps 51:12; 119:45; Is 51:23; Jn 8:31; Ac 15:1, 24; 20:30; 2Co 3:17; 11:13, 17, 20, 26; Ga 3:23; 4:3, 9, 25; 5:1, 10, 12, 13; 2Ti 3:6; 1P 2:16; 2P 2:1, 19; 1Jn 4:1; Jde 1:4.
[5] Ac 15:2; Ga 2:14; 3:1; 4:16; Ep 1:13; Col 1:5; 2:4; 1Th 2:13; Jde 1:3.
[6] Jb 32:6, 17; 34:19; Mt 22:16; Mk 6:17; 12:14; Lk 20:21; Ac 10:34; 15:6; Ro 2:11; 2Co 5:16; 11:5, 21; 12:11; Ga 2:2, 9, 10, 11; 6:3; He 13:7, 17; 1P 1:17.
[7] Ac 13:46; 15:12, 25; 18:6; 28:28; Ro 1:5; 11:13; Ga 1:16; 2:9; 1Th 2:4; 1Ti 2:7; 2Ti 1:11; 2P 3:15.
[8] Ac 1:8; 2:14; 3:12; 4:4; 5:12; 8:17; 9:15; 13:2; 14:3; 15:12; 19:11, 26; 21:19; 22:21; 26:17; 1Co 1:5; 9:2; 15:10; 2Co 11:4; Ga 3:5; Col 1:29.
[9] Mt 16:18; Ac 15:7, 13, 22, 23; Ro 1:5; 12:3, 5; 15:15; 1Co 15:10; 2Co 8:4; Ga 2:2, 6, 12; Ep 2:20; 3:8; Col 1:29; 1P 4:10; 1Jn 1:3; Rv 3:12; 21:14.
[10] Ac 11:29; 24:17; Ro 15:25; 1Co 16:1; 2Co 8:1; He 13:16; Jm 2:15; 1Jn 3:17.

and that he resisted Peter, and told him the reason,

11 But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed. 12 For before that certain came from James, he did eat with the Gentiles: but when they were come, he withdrew and separated himself, fearing them which were of the circumcision. 13 And the other Jews dissembled likewise with him; insomuch that Barnabas also was carried away with their dissimulation.

[11] Ex 32:21; Nu 20:12; Jr 1:17; Jna 1:3; 4:3, 9; Mt 16:17, 23; Ac 15:30, 37; 23:1; 2Co 5:16; 11:5, 21; 12:11; Ga 2:5; 1Ti 5:20; Jm 3:2; 1Jn 1:8; Jde 1:3.
[12] Pv 29:25; Is 57:11; 65:5; Mt 26:69; Lk 15:2; Ac 10:28; 11:3; 21:18; Ga 2:9; Ep 2:15, 19; 3:6; 1Th 5:22.
[13] Gn 12:11; 26:6; 27:24; Jb 15:12; Ec 7:20; 10:1; 1Co 5:6; 8:9; 12:2; 15:33; Ep 4:14; He 13:9.

why he and others, being Jews, do believe in Christ to be justified by faith, and not by works:

14 But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter before [them] all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews? 15 We [who are] Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles, 16 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified. 17 But if, while we seek to be justified by Christ, we ourselves also are found sinners, [is] therefore Christ the minister of sin? God forbid. 18 For if I build again the things which I destroyed, I make myself a transgressor. 19 For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God.

[14] Lv 19:17; Ps 15:2; 58:1; 84:11; 141:5; Pv 2:7; 10:9; 27:5; Ac 10:28; 11:3; 15:10, 19, 24, 28; Ro 14:14; Ga 2:3, 5, 11, 12; 6:12; 1Ti 4:3; 5:20; He 9:10.
[15] Mt 3:7; 9:11; Mk 7:26; Jn 8:39; Ac 22:21; Ro 3:9; 4:16; Ep 2:3, 11; Tit 3:3.
[16] Jb 9:2, 29; 25:4; Ps 130:3; 143:2; Lk 10:25; Jn 6:68; 20:31; Ac 4:12; 13:38; Ro 1:17; 3:19, 21, 27, 28, 30; 4:2, 5, 13, 24; 5:1, 8; 8:3, 30; 1Co 6:11; 2Co 5:19; Ga 2:19, 20; 3:10, 11, 13, 22; 4:5; 5:4; Php 3:9; He 7:18; 1P 1:2, 8, 18; 2:24; 3:18; 2P 1:1; 1Jn 1:7; 2:1; Rv 7:9, 14.
[17] Mt 1:21; Ro 3:4, 6; 6:1; 9:30; 11:7; 15:8; 2Co 3:7; Ga 2:11; He 7:24; 8:2; 1Jn 3:5, 8.
[18] Ro 14:15; 1Co 8:11; Ga 2:4, 12, 21; 4:9; 5:11.
[19] Ro 3:19; 4:15; 5:20; 6:2, 11, 14; 7:4, 6, 7, 9, 14, 22; 8:2; 10:4; 14:7; 1Co 10:31; 2Co 5:15; Ga 2:20; 3:10, 24; Col 2:20; 3:3; 1Th 5:10; Tit 2:14; He 9:14; 1P 2:24; 4:1, 6.

and that they live not in sin, who are so justified.

20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me. 21 I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness [come] by the law, then Christ is dead in vain.

[20] Mt 20:28; Jn 1:49; 3:16, 35; 6:57, 69; 9:35; 10:11; 14:19; 15:13; 17:21; Ac 8:37; 9:20; Ro 1:17; 5:2; 6:4, 8, 13; 8:2, 3, 37; 2Co 1:24; 4:10, 11; 5:7, 15; 10:3; 13:3, 5; Ga 1:4; 2:16; 3:11; 5:24; 6:14; Ep 2:4; 3:17; 5:2, 25; Php 4:13; Col 1:27; 2:11, 13; 3:3; 1Th 1:10; 5:10; Tit 2:14; 1P 1:8; 4:1, 2; 1Jn 1:7; 4:9, 14; 5:10, 20; Rv 1:5; 3:20.
[21] Ps 33:10; Is 49:4; Jr 8:8; Mk 7:9; Ro 8:31; 10:3; 11:6; 1Co 15:2, 14, 17; Ga 2:16, 18; 3:21; 5:2; He 7:11.


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