NASB — Luke 20 — KJV

Jesus’ Authority Questioned

1 aOn one of the days while bHe was teaching the people in the temple and cpreaching the gospel, the chief priests and the scribes with the elders dconfronted [Him], 2 and they spoke, saying to Him, “Tell us by what authority You are doing these things, or who is the one who gave You this authority?” 3 Jesus answered and said to them, “I will also ask you a Iquestion, and you tell Me: 4 Was the baptism of John from heaven or from men?” 5 They reasoned among themselves, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ He will say, ‘Why did you not believe him?’ 6 But if we say, ‘From men,’ all the people will stone us to death, for they are convinced that John was a aprophet.” 7 So they answered that they did not know where [it came] from. 8 And Jesus said to them, “Nor Iwill I tell you by what authority I do these things.”

[1] aLk 20:1-8: Mt 21:23-27; Mk 11:27-33 bMt 26:55 cLk 8:1 dAc 4:1; 6:12
[3] ILit word
[6] aMt 11:9; Lk 7:29, 30
[8] ILit do I tell

Parable of the Vine-growers

9aAnd He began to tell the people this parable: “A man planted a vineyard and rented it out to Ivine-growers, and went on a journey for a long time. 10 At the [harvest] time he sent a slave to the vine-growers, so that they would give him [some] of the produce of the vineyard; but the vine-growers beat him and sent him away empty-handed. 11 And he proceeded to send another slave; and they beat him also and treated him shamefully and sent him away empty-handed. 12 And he proceeded to send a third; and this one also they wounded and cast out. 13 The Iowner of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do? I will send my beloved son; perhaps they will arespect him.’ 14 But when the vine-growers saw him, they reasoned with one another, saying, ‘This is the heir; let us kill him so that the inheritance will be ours.’ 15 So they threw him out of the vineyard and killed him. What, then, will the Iowner of the vineyard do to them? 16 He will come and adestroy these vine-growers and will give the vineyard to others.” When they heard it, they said, “bMay it never be!” 17 But IJesus looked at them and said, “What then is this that is written:
  aTHE STONE WHICH THE BUILDERS REJECTED,
  THIS BECAME bTHE CHIEF CORNER [stone]’?
18 aEveryone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces; but on whomever it falls, it will scatter him like dust.”

[9] IOr tenant farmers, also vv 10, 14, 16 aLk 20:9-19: Mt 21:33-46; Mk 12:1-12
[13] ILit lord aLk 18:2
[15] ILit lord
[16] aMt 21:41; Mk 12:9; Lk 19:27 bRo 3:4, 6, 31; 6:2, 15; 7:7, 13; 9:14; 11:1, 11; 1Co 6:15; Ga 2:17; 3:21; 6:14
[17] ILit He aPs 118:22 bEp 2:20; 1P 2:6
[18] aMt 21:44

Tribute to Caesar

19 ¶ The scribes and the chief priests atried to lay hands on Him that very hour, and they feared the people; for they understood that He spoke this parable against them. 20 aSo they watched Him, and sent spies who Ipretended to be righteous, in order bthat they might IIcatch Him in some statement, so that they [could] deliver Him to the rule and the authority of cthe governor. 21 They questioned Him, saying, “Teacher, we know that You speak and teach correctly, and You Iare not partial to any, but teach the way of God in truth. 22 Is it Ilawful for us ato pay taxes to Caesar, or not?” 23 But He detected their trickery and said to them, 24 “Show Me a Idenarius. Whose IIlikeness and inscription does it have?” They said, “Caesar’s.” 25 And He said to them, “Then arender to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” 26 And they were unable to Iacatch Him in a saying in the presence of the people; and being amazed at His answer, they became silent.

[19] aLk 19:47
[20] ILit falsely represented themselves IILit take hold of His word aLk 20:20-26: Mt 22:15-22; Mk 12:13-17; Mk 3:2 bLk 11:54; 20:26 cMt 27:2
[21] ILit do not receive a face
[22] IOr permissible aMt 17:25; Lk 23:2
[24] IThe denarius was a day’s wages IILit image
[25] aMt 22:21; Mk 12:17
[26] ILit catch His statement aLk 11:54

Is There a Resurrection?

27aNow there came to Him some of the bSadducees (who say that there is no resurrection), 28 and they questioned Him, saying, “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that aIF A MANS BROTHER DIES, having a wife, AND HE IS CHILDLESS, HIS BROTHER SHOULD IMARRY THE WIFE AND RAISE UP CHILDREN TO HIS BROTHER. 29 Now there were seven brothers; and the first took a wife and died childless; 30 and the second 31 and the third Imarried her; and in the same way IIall seven IIIdied, leaving no children. 32 Finally the woman died also. 33 In the resurrection therefore, which one’s wife will she be? For Iall seven IIhad married her.”

[27] aLk 20:27-40: Mt 22:23-33; Mk 12:18-27 bAc 23:8
[28] ILit take aDt 25:5
[31] ILit took IILit the seven also IIILit left no children, and died
[33] ILit the IILit had her as wife

34 ¶ Jesus said to them, “The sons of athis age marry and are given in marriage, 35 but those who are considered worthy to attain to athat age and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry nor are given in marriage; 36 for they cannot even die anymore, because they are like angels, and are asons of God, being sons of the resurrection. 37 But that the dead are raised, even Moses showed, in athe [passage about the burning] bush, where he calls the Lord bTHE GOD OF ABRAHAM, AND THE GOD OF ISAAC, AND THE GOD OF JACOB. 38 aNow He is not the God of the dead but of the living; for ball live to Him.” 39 Some of the scribes answered and said, “Teacher, You have spoken well.” 40 For athey did not have courage to question Him any longer about anything.

[34] aMt 12:32; Lk 16:8
[35] aMt 12:32; Lk 16:8
[36] aRo 8:16f; 1 Jn 3:1, 2
[37] aMk 12:26 bEx 3:6
[38] aMt 22:32; Mk 12:27 bRo 14:8
[40] aMt 22:46; Lk 14:6

41aThen He said to them, “How [is it that] they say Ithe Christ is bDavid’s son? 42 For David himself says in the book of Psalms,
  aTHE LORD SAID TO MY LORD,
  “SIT AT MY RIGHT HAND,
  43 aUNTIL I MAKE YOUR ENEMIES A FOOTSTOOL FOR YOUR FEET.”’
44 Therefore David calls Him ‘Lord,’ and how is He his son?”

[41] II.e. the Messiah aLk 20:41-44: Mt 22:41-46; Mk 12:35-37 bMt 9:27
[42] aPs 110:1
[43] aPs 110:1

45aAnd while all the people were listening, He said to the disciples, 46 “Beware of the scribes, awho like to walk around in long robes, and love respectful greetings in the market places, and chief seats in the synagogues and places of honor at banquets, 47 who devour widows’ houses, and for appearance’s sake offer long prayers. These will receive greater condemnation.”

[45] aLk 20:45-47: Mt 23:1-7; Mk 12:38-40
[46] aLk 11:43; 14:7


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Christ avoucheth his authority by a question of John's baptism.

1 ¶ And it came to pass, [that] on one of those days, as he taught the people in the temple, and preached the gospel, the chief priests and the scribes came upon [him] with the elders, 2 And spake unto him, saying, Tell us, by what authority doest thou these things? or who is he that gave thee this authority? 3 And he answered and said unto them, I will also ask you one thing; and answer me: 4 The baptism of John, was it from heaven, or of men? 5 And they reasoned with themselves, saying, If we shall say, From heaven; he will say, Why then believed ye him not? 6 But and if we say, Of men; all the people will stone us: for they be persuaded that John was a prophet. 7 And they answered, that they could not tell whence [it was]. 8 And Jesus said unto them, Neither tell I you by what authority I do these things.

[1] 1Ch 24:1; Mk 11:27; Lk 19:47; Jn 18:20.
[2] Ex 2:14; Mt 21:23; Mk 11:28; Lk 19:35, 45; Jn 2:18; 5:22; Ac 4:7; 7:27, 35, 51.
[3] Mt 15:2; Lk 22:68; Col 4:6.
[4] Dn 4:25; Mt 11:7; 17:11; 21:25; Lk 7:28; 15:18; Jn 1:6, 19.
[5] Jn 1:15, 30, 34; 3:26, 36; 5:33; Ac 13:25.
[6] Mt 14:5; 21:26, 46; 26:5; Mk 12:12; Lk 1:76; 7:26; Jn 10:41; Ac 5:26.
[7] Is 6:9; 26:11; 29:9, 14; 41:28; 42:19; 44:18; Jr 8:7; Zc 11:15, 17; Mal 2:7; Jn 3:19; 9:39; 2Th 2:10; 2Ti 3:8; 2P 3:3.
[8] Jb 5:12; Pv 26:4; Mt 15:14; 16:4; 21:27; Mk 11:33; Lk 22:68.

The parable of the vineyard.

9 Then began he to speak to the people this parable; A certain man planted a vineyard, and let it forth to husbandmen, and went into a far country for a long time. 10 And at the season he sent a servant to the husbandmen, that they should give him of the fruit of the vineyard: but the husbandmen beat him, and sent [him] away empty. 11 And again he sent another servant: and they beat him also, and entreated [him] shamefully, and sent [him] away empty. 12 And again he sent a third: and they wounded him also, and cast [him] out. 13 Then said the lord of the vineyard, What shall I do? I will send my beloved son: it may be they will reverence [him] when they see him. 14 But when the husbandmen saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, This is the heir: come, let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours. 15 So they cast him out of the vineyard, and killed [him]. What therefore shall the lord of the vineyard do unto them? 16 He shall come and destroy these husbandmen, and shall give the vineyard to others. And when they heard [it], they said, God forbid. 17 And he beheld them, and said, What is this then that is written, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner? 18 Whosoever shall fall upon that stone shall be broken; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.

[9] Dt 1:15; 16:18; 17:8; Ps 80:8; So 8:11; Is 5:1; Jr 2:21; Mt 21:33; Mk 12:1; Lk 19:12; Jn 15:1; 1Co 3:6.
[10] Jg 6:8; 1K 22:24; 2K 17:13; 2Ch 16:10; 24:19; 36:15; Ne 9:26, 30; Ps 1:3; Jr 2:30; 5:24; 20:2; 25:3; 26:2, 20; 29:26; 35:15; 37:15; 38:4; 44:4; Ho 6:4; Zc 1:3; 7:9; Mt 21:34; Mk 12:2; Lk 11:47; 13:34; Jn 15:16; Ro 7:4.
[11] Ho 10:1; Mt 23:30; Ac 7:52; 1Th 2:2; He 11:36.
[13] Is 5:4; Jr 36:3, 7; Ho 6:4; 11:8; Mt 3:17; 17:5; Lk 9:35; Jn 1:34; 3:16, 35; Ro 8:3; Ga 4:4; 1Jn 4:9.
[14] Gn 37:18; Ps 2:1, 8; 89:27; Mt 2:2; 16:7; 21:25; 27:21; Lk 19:47; 20:5, 19; 22:2; Jn 11:47; Ac 2:23; 3:15; Ro 8:17; He 1:2.
[15] Mt 21:37; Mk 12:6; He 13:12.
[16] Ne 9:36; Ps 2:8; 21:8; Mt 21:41; 22:7; Lk 19:27; Ac 13:46.
[17] Ps 118:22; Is 28:16; Zc 3:9; Mt 21:42; Mk 3:5; 10:23; 12:10; Lk 19:41; 22:37, 61; 24:44; Jn 15:25; Ac 4:11; 1P 2:7.
[18] Is 8:14; Dn 2:34, 44; Zc 12:3; Mt 21:34; 1Th 2:16.

Of giving tribute to Caesar.

19 ¶ And the chief priests and the scribes the same hour sought to lay hands on him; and they feared the people: for they perceived that he had spoken this parable against them. 20 And they watched [him], and sent forth spies, which should feign themselves just men, that they might take hold of his words, that so they might deliver him unto the power and authority of the governor. 21 And they asked him, saying, Master, we know that thou sayest and teachest rightly, neither acceptest thou the person [of any], but teachest the way of God truly: 22 Is it lawful for us to give tribute unto Caesar, or no? 23 But he perceived their craftiness, and said unto them, Why tempt ye me? 24 Shew me a penny. Whose image and superscription hath it? They answered and said, Caesar's. 25 And he said unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which be Caesar's, and unto God the things which be God's. 26 And they could not take hold of his words before the people: and they marvelled at his answer, and held their peace.

[19] Mt 21:45; 26:3; Mk 12:12; Lk 19:47; 20:14.
[20] 2S 14:2; 1K 14:2; Ps 37:32; 38:12; 66:3; 81:15; Is 29:20; Jr 11:19; 18:18; 20:10; Mt 22:15, 18; 27:2; Mk 12:13, 15; Jn 18:28; 2P 2:3.
[21] 2Ch 19:7; Jb 34:19; Ps 12:2; 55:21; Jr 42:2; Mt 22:16; 26:49; Mk 12:14; Jn 3:2; Ac 10:34; 2Co 2:17; Ga 1:10; 2:6; 1Th 2:4.
[22] Dt 17:15; Ezr 4:13, 19; 9:7; Ne 5:4; 9:37; Mt 22:17; Mk 12:14; Ac 5:37.
[23] Ps 95:9; Mt 16:1; 22:18; Lk 5:22; 6:8; 11:16, 17, 53; 20:20; Jn 2:24; 1Co 3:19; 10:9; He 4:13.
[24] Mt 18:28; 20:2; Lk 2:1; 3:1; 20:22; 23:2; Ac 11:28; 25:8; 26:32; Php 4:22.
[25] Pv 24:21; Mt 17:27; 22:21; Mk 12:17; Ac 4:19; 5:29; Ro 13:6; 1Co 10:31; 1P 2:13; 4:11.
[26] Jb 5:12; Pv 26:4; Mt 22:12, 22, 34; Lk 13:17; 20:20, 39; Ro 3:19; 2Ti 3:8; Tit 1:10.

He convinceth the Sadducees that denied the resurrection.

27 ¶ Then came to [him] certain of the Sadducees, which deny that there is any resurrection; and they asked him, 28 Saying, Master, Moses wrote unto us, If any man's brother die, having a wife, and he die without children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother. 29 There were therefore seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and died without children. 30 And the second took her to wife, and he died childless. 31 And the third took her; and in like manner the seven also: and they left no children, and died. 32 Last of all the woman died also. 33 Therefore in the resurrection whose wife of them is she? for seven had her to wife. 34 And Jesus answering said unto them, The children of this world marry, and are given in marriage: 35 But they which shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage: 36 Neither can they die any more: for they are equal unto the angels; and are the children of God, being the children of the resurrection. 37 Now that the dead are raised, even Moses shewed at the bush, when he calleth the Lord the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. 38 For he is not a God of the dead, but of the living: for all live unto him.

[27] Mt 16:1, 6, 12; 22:23; Mk 12:18; Ac 4:1; 5:17; 23:6; 1Co 15:12; 2Ti 2:17.
[28] Gn 38:8, 11, 26; Dt 25:5; Ru 1:11.
[29] Lv 20:20; Jr 22:30.
[32] Jg 2:10; Ec 1:4; 9:5; He 9:27.
[33] Mt 22:24; Mk 12:19.
[34] Lk 16:8; 17:27; 1Co 7:2; Ep 5:31; He 13:4.
[35] Dn 12:2; Mt 22:29; Mk 12:24; Lk 21:36; Jn 5:29; Ac 5:41; 24:15; 2Th 1:5; He 11:35; Rv 3:4.
[36] Is 25:8; Ho 13:14; Zc 3:7; Mt 22:30; Mk 12:25; Ro 8:17; 1Co 15:26, 42, 49, 52, 53; Php 3:21; 1Th 4:13; 1Jn 3:2; Rv 5:6; 7:9; 20:6; 21:4; 22:2, 9.
[37] Gn 17:7; 28:13, 21; 32:9; Ex 3:2; 32:13; Dt 33:16; Mt 22:3; Mk 12:26; Ac 7:30.
[38] Ps 16:5; 22:23; 145:1; Jn 6:57; 11:25; 14:19; Ro 6:10, 22; 14:7; 2Co 6:16; 13:4; Col 3:3; He 11:16; Rv 7:15; 22:1.

39 ¶ Then certain of the scribes answering said, Master, thou hast well said. 40 And after that they durst not ask him any [question at all].

[39] Mt 22:34; Mk 12:28; Ac 23:9.
[40] Pv 26:5; Mt 22:46; Mk 12:34.

How Christ is the son of David.

41 And he said unto them, How say they that Christ is David's son? 42 And David himself saith in the book of Psalms, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, 43 Till I make thine enemies thy footstool. 44 David therefore calleth him Lord, how is he then his son?

[41] Is 9:6; 11:1; Jr 23:5; 33:15, 21; Mt 1:1; 22:41; Mk 12:35; Lk 18:38; Jn 7:42; Ac 2:30; Ro 1:3; Rv 22:16.
[42] 2S 23:1; Ps 110:1; Mt 22:43, 44; Mk 12:36; Lk 24:44; Ac 1:20; 2:34; 13:33; 1Co 15:25; He 1:13; 3:7.
[43] Ps 2:1; 21:8; 72:9; 109:4; 110:5; Lk 19:27; Rv 19:14.
[44] Is 7:14; Mt 1:23; Lk 1:31; 2:11; Ro 9:5; Ga 4:4; 1Ti 3:16; Rv 22:16.

He warneth his disciples to beware of the scribes.

45 ¶ Then in the audience of all the people he said unto his disciples, 46 Beware of the scribes, which desire to walk in long robes, and love greetings in the markets, and the highest seats in the synagogues, and the chief rooms at feasts; 47 Which devour widows' houses, and for a shew make long prayers: the same shall receive greater damnation.

[45] Mt 15:10; 23:1; Mk 8:34; 12:38; 1Ti 5:20.
[46] Pv 29:23; Mt 16:6; 23:5; Mk 8:15; 12:38; Lk 11:43; 12:1; 14:7; Ro 12:10; Php 2:3; 2Ti 4:15; 3Jn 1:9.
[47] Is 10:2; Jr 7:6; Ezk 22:7; 33:31; Am 2:7; 8:4; Mi 2:2, 8; 3:2; Mt 11:22; 23:14, 26; Mk 12:40; Lk 10:12; 12:1, 47; 1Th 2:5; 2Ti 3:2, 6; Tit 1:16; Jm 3:1.


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