NASB — Isaiah 5 — KJV

Parable of the Vineyard

  1 Let me sing now for my well-beloved
  A song of my beloved concerning His vineyard.
  My well-beloved had a avineyard on Ia fertile hill.
  2 He dug it all around, removed its stones,
  And planted it with Ithe achoicest vine.
  And He built a tower in the middle of it
  And also hewed out a IIwine vat in it;
  Then He bexpected [it] to produce [good] grapes,
  But it produced [only] IIIworthless ones.

[1] ILit a horn, the son of fatness aPs 80:8; Jr 12:10; Mt 21:33; Mk 12:1; Lk 20:9
[2] ILit a bright red grape IIOr wine press IIIOr wild grapes aJr 2:21 bMt 21:19; Mk 11:13; Lk 13:6

  3 ¶ “And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem and men of Judah,
  aJudge between Me and My vineyard.
  4aWhat more was there to do for My vineyard Ithat I have not done in it?
  Why, when I expected [it] to produce [good] grapes did it produce IIworthless ones?
  5 “So now let Me tell you what I am going to do to My vineyard:
  I will aremove its hedge and it will be consumed;
  I will bbreak down its wall and it will become ctrampled ground.
  6 “I will alay it waste;
  It will not be pruned or hoed,
  But briars and thorns will come up.
  I will also charge the clouds to brain no rain on it.”

[3] aMt 21:40
[4] ILit and I have not done IIOr wild grapes a2Ch 36:16; Jr 2:5; 7:25, 26; Mi 6:3; Mt 23:37
[5] aPs 89:40 bPs 80:12 cIs 10:6; 28:18; Lm 1:15; Lk 21:24; Rv 11:2
[6] a2Ch 36:19-21; Is 7:19-25; 24:1, 3; Jr 25:11 b1K 8:35; 17:1; Jr 14:1-22

  7 ¶ For the avineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel
  And the men of Judah His delightful plant.
  Thus He looked for justice, but behold, bbloodshed;
  For righteousness, but behold, a cry of distress.

[7] aPs 80:8-11 bIs 3:14, 15; 30:12; 59:13

Woes for the Wicked

  8 ¶ Woe to those who aadd house to house [and] join field to field,
  Until there is no more room,
  So that you have to live alone in the midst of the land!
  9 In my ears the LORD of hosts [has sworn], “Surely, amany houses shall become bdesolate,
  [Even] great and fine ones, without occupants.
  10 “For aten acres of vineyard will yield [only] one Ibath [of wine],
  And a bhomer of seed will yield [but] an IIephah of grain.”
  11 Woe to those who rise early in the morning that they may pursue astrong drink,
  Who stay up late in the evening that wine may inflame them!
  12 Their banquets are [accompanied] by lyre and aharp, by tambourine and flute, and by wine;
  But they bdo not pay attention to the deeds of the LORD,
  Nor do they consider the work of His hands.

[8] aJr 22:13-17; Mi 2:2; Hab 2:9-12
[9] aIs 6:11, 12 bMt 23:38
[10] II.e. Approx 10 1/2 gal. III.e. Approx one bu aLv 26:26; Is 7:23; Hg 1:6; 2:16 bEzk 45:11
[11] aPv 23:29, 30; Ec 10:16, 17; Is 5:22; 22:13; 28:1, 3, 7, 8
[12] aAm 6:5, 6 bJb 34:27; Ps 28:5

  13 ¶ Therefore My people go into exile for their alack of knowledge;
  And Itheir bhonorable men are famished,
  And their multitude is parched with thirst.
  14 Therefore aSheol has enlarged its Ithroat and opened its mouth without measure;
  And IIJerusalem’s splendor, her multitude, her din [of revelry] and the jubilant within her, descend [into it].
  15 So the [common] man will be humbled and the man of [importance] abased,
  aThe eyes of the proud also will be abased.
  16 But the aLORD of hosts will be bexalted in judgment,
  And the holy God will show Himself choly in righteousness.
  17 aThen the lambs will graze as in their pasture,
  And strangers will eat in the waste places of the Iwealthy.

[13] ILit their glory are men of famine aIs 1:3; 27:11; Ho 4:6 bIs 3:3
[14] IOr appetite IILit her aPv 30:16; Hab 2:5
[15] aIs 2:11; 10:33
[16] aIs 28:17; 30:18; 61:8 bIs 2:11, 17; 33:5, 10 cIs 8:13; 29:23; 1P 3:15
[17] ILit the fat aIs 7:25; Mi 2:12; Zp 2:6

  18 ¶ Woe to those who drag ainiquity with the cords of Ifalsehood,
  And sin as if with cart ropes;
  19 aWho say, “Let Him make speed, let Him hasten His work, that we may see [it];
  And let the purpose of the Holy One of Israel draw near
  And come to pass, that we may know [it]!”
  20 Woe to those who acall evil good, and good evil;
  Who Ibsubstitute darkness for light and light for darkness;
  Who Isubstitute bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter!
  21 Woe to those who are awise in their own eyes
  And clever in their own sight!
  22 aWoe to those who are heroes in drinking wine
  And valiant men in mixing strong drink,
  23 aWho justify the wicked for a bribe,
  And btake away the Irights of the ones who are in the right!

[18] IOr worthlessness aIs 59:4-8; Jr 23:10-14
[19] aEzk 12:22; 2P 3:4
[20] ILit set aPv 17:15; Am 5:7 bJb 17:12; Mt 6:22, 23; Lk 11:34, 35
[21] aPv 3:7; Ro 12:16; 1Co 3:18-20
[22] aPv 23:20; Is 5:11; 56:12; Hab 2:15
[23] ILit righteousness aEx 23:8; Is 1:23; 10:1, 2; Mi 3:11; 7:3 bPs 94:21; Jm 5:6

  24 ¶ Therefore, aas a tongue of fire consumes stubble
  And dry grass collapses into the flame,
  So their broot will become clike rot and their blossom Iblow away as dust;
  For they have drejected the law of the LORD of hosts
  And despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.
  25 On this account the aanger of the LORD has burned against His people,
  And He has stretched out His hand against them and struck them down.
  And the bmountains quaked, and their ccorpses Ilay like refuse in the middle of the streets.
  dFor all this His anger IIis not spent,
  But His ehand is still stretched out.

[24] ILit ascend aIs 9:18, 19; Jol 2:5 bJb 18:16 cHo 5:12 dIs 8:6; 30:9, 12; Ac 13:41
[25] ILit were IILit has not turned away a2K 22:13, 17; Is 66:15 bPs 18:7; Is 64:3; Jr 4:24; Na 1:5 c2K 9:37; Is 14:19; Jr 16:4 dIs 9:12, 17, 19, 21; 10:4; Jr 4:8; Dn 9:16 eEx 7:19; Is 23:11

  26 ¶ He will also lift up a astandard to the Idistant nation,
  And will bwhistle for it cfrom the ends of the earth;
  And behold, it will dcome with speed swiftly.
  27 aNo one in it is weary or stumbles,
  None slumbers or sleeps;
  Nor is the bbelt at its waist undone,
  Nor its sandal strap broken.
  28 IaIts arrows are sharp and all its bows are bent;
  The hoofs of its horses IIseem like flint and its [chariot] bwheels like a whirlwind.
  29 Its aroaring is like a lioness, and it roars like young lions;
  It growls as it bseizes the prey
  And carries [it] off with cno one to deliver [it].
  30 And it will agrowl over it in that day like the roaring of the sea.
  If one blooks to the land, behold, there is darkness [and] distress;
  Even the light is darkened by its clouds.

[26] ILit nations; probably Assyria aIs 13:2, 3 bIs 7:18; Zc 10:8 cDt 28:49 dIs 13:4, 5
[27] aJol 2:7, 8 bJb 12:18
[28] ILit Which, its arrows IILit are regarded as aPs 7:12, 13; 45:5; Is 13:18 bIs 21:1; Jr 4:13
[29] aJr 51:38; Zp 3:3; Zc 11:3 bIs 10:6; 49:24, 25; Mi 5:8 cIs 42:22
[30] aIs 17:12; Jr 6:23; Lk 21:25 bIs 8:22; Jr 4:23-28; Jol 2:10; Lk 21:25, 26


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Under the parable of a vineyard God excuseth his severe judgment.

1 ¶ Now will I sing to my wellbeloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My wellbeloved hath a vineyard in a very fruitful hill: 2 And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes. 3 And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard. 4 What could have been done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it? wherefore, when I looked that it should bring forth grapes, brought it forth wild grapes? 5 And now go to; I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten up; [and] break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down: 6 And I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned, nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it. 7 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts [is] the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.

[1] Dt 31:19; Jg 5:1; Ps 45:1; 80:8; 101:1; So 2:16; 5:2, 16; 6:3; 8:11; Is 27:2; Jr 2:21; Mt 21:33; Mk 12:1; Lk 20:9; Jn 15:1.
[2] Ex 33:16; Nu 23:9; Dt 32:6, 8, 32; Jg 16:4; Ne 13:15; Ps 44:1; Is 1:2, 8, 21; 5:7; 63:2; Jr 2:21; Ho 10:1; Mi 4:8; Mt 21:34; Mk 11:13; 12:2; Lk 13:7; 20:10; Ro 9:4; 1Co 9:7; Rv 14:18.
[3] Ps 50:4; 51:4; Jr 2:4; Mi 6:2; Mt 21:40; Mk 12:9; Lk 20:15; Ro 2:5; 3:4.
[4] 2Ch 36:14; Is 1:5; Jr 2:30; 6:29; Ezk 24:13; Mt 23:37; Ac 7:51.
[5] Gn 11:4, 7; Lv 26:31; Dt 28:49; 2Ch 36:4; Ne 2:3; Ps 74:1; 80:12; Is 10:6; 25:10; 27:10; 28:3, 18; Lm 1:2, 15; 4:12; Dn 8:13; Lk 21:24; Rv 11:2.
[6] Lv 26:33; Dt 28:23; 29:23; 2Ch 36:19; Is 5:9; 6:11; 7:23; 24:1, 12; 30:23; 32:13; Jr 25:11; 45:4; Ho 3:4; Am 4:7; Zc 14:16; Lk 21:24; He 6:6; Rv 11:6.
[7] Gn 4:10; Ex 2:23; 3:7; 22:21, 22, 27; Dt 15:9; Ne 5:1; Jb 31:38; 34:28; Ps 80:8, 15; 147:11; 149:4; Pv 21:13; So 7:6; Is 1:6; 3:17; 5:2; 58:6; 62:5; Jr 12:10; Mi 6:8; Zp 3:17; Zc 7:9; Mt 3:8; 23:23; Lk 18:7; Jn 15:2; 1Co 6:8; Jm 5:4; 1Jn 3:7.

His judgments upon covetousness,

8 ¶ Woe unto them that join house to house, [that] lay field to field, till [there be] no place, that they may be placed alone in the midst of the earth! 9 In mine ears [said] the LORD of hosts, Of a truth many houses shall be desolate, [even] great and fair, without inhabitant. 10 Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah.

[8] 1K 21:16; Jr 22:13; Ezk 11:15; 33:24; Mi 2:2; Hab 2:9; Mt 23:14; Lk 12:16.
[9] 2Ch 36:21; Is 5:6; 22:14; 27:10; Am 3:7; 5:11; 6:11; Mt 22:7; 23:38.
[10] Lv 27:16; Ezk 45:10; Jol 1:17; Hg 1:9.

upon lasciviousness,

11 ¶ Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning, [that] they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, [till] wine inflame them! 12 And the harp, and the viol, the tabret, and pipe, and wine, are in their feasts: but they regard not the work of the LORD, neither consider the operation of his hands.

[11] Pv 20:1; 23:29, 32; Ec 10:16; Is 5:22; 28:1, 7; Ho 7:5; Hab 2:15; Lk 21:34; Ro 13:13; 1Co 6:10; Ga 5:21; 1Th 5:6.
[12] Gn 31:27; Jb 21:11; 34:27; Ps 28:5; 92:5; Is 5:19; 22:13; Dn 5:1, 23; Ho 4:10; Am 6:4; Lk 16:19; Jde 1:12.

upon impiety,

13 ¶ Therefore my people are gone into captivity, because [they have] no knowledge: and their honourable men [are] famished, and their multitude dried up with thirst. 14 Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it. 15 And the mean man shall be brought down, and the mighty man shall be humbled, and the eyes of the lofty shall be humbled: 16 But the LORD of hosts shall be exalted in judgment, and God that is holy shall be sanctified in righteousness. 17 Then shall the lambs feed after their manner, and the waste places of the fat ones shall strangers eat. 18 Woe unto them that draw iniquity with cords of vanity, and sin as it were with a cart rope: 19 That say, Let him make speed, [and] hasten his work, that we may see [it]: and let the counsel of the Holy One of Israel draw nigh and come, that we may know [it]!

[13] 2K 17:6; 2Ch 28:5; Is 1:3, 7; 27:11; 42:22; Jr 8:7; 14:3, 18; Lm 4:4, 9; Ho 4:6; Am 8:13; Mt 23:16; Lk 19:44; Jn 3:19; Ro 1:28; 2P 3:5.
[14] Nu 16:30; 1S 25:36; 2S 13:28; Ps 49:14; 55:15; Pv 1:12; 27:20; Is 14:9; 21:4; 30:33; Ezk 32:18; Dn 5:3, 30; Na 1:10; Hab 2:5; Mt 7:13; Lk 12:19; 16:20; 17:27; 21:34; Ac 12:21; Rv 20:13.
[15] Ex 9:17; Jb 40:11; Ps 62:9; Is 2:9, 11, 17; 9:14; 10:12; 13:11; 24:2; 37:23, 29; Jr 5:4, 9; Dn 4:37; Jm 1:9; 1P 5:5; Rv 6:15.
[16] Lv 10:3; 1Ch 29:11; Ps 9:16; 21:13; 46:10; Is 6:3; 8:13; 12:4; 29:23; 57:15; Ezk 28:22; 36:23; 38:23; Ro 2:5; 1P 1:16; 2:15; Rv 3:7; 4:8; 15:3; 19:1.
[17] Dt 28:33; 32:15; Ne 9:37; Ps 17:10, 14; 73:7; 119:70; Is 1:7; 7:21, 25; 10:16; 17:2; 32:14; 40:11; 65:10; Jr 5:28; Lm 5:2; Ho 8:7; Am 4:1; Zp 2:6, 14; Lk 21:24.
[18] Jg 17:5, 13; 2S 16:20; Ps 10:11; 14:1; 36:2; 94:5; Is 28:15; Jr 5:31; 8:5; 23:10, 14, 24; 28:15; 44:15; Ezk 13:10, 22; Zp 1:12; Jn 16:2; Ac 26:9.
[19] Is 30:11; 66:5; Jr 5:12; 17:15; 23:18, 36; Ezk 12:22, 27; Am 5:18; 2P 3:3.

and upon injustice.

20 ¶ Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil; that put darkness for light, and light for darkness; that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter! 21 Woe unto [them that are] wise in their own eyes, and prudent in their own sight! 22 Woe unto [them that are] mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink: 23 Which justify the wicked for reward, and take away the righteousness of the righteous from him! 24 Therefore as the fire devoureth the stubble, and the flame consumeth the chaff, [so] their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust: because they have cast away the law of the LORD of hosts, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel. 25 Therefore is the anger of the LORD kindled against his people, and he hath stretched forth his hand against them, and hath smitten them: and the hills did tremble, and their carcases [were] torn in the midst of the streets. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand [is] stretched out still.

[20] Pv 17:15; Mal 2:17; 3:15; Mt 6:23; 15:3; 23:16; Lk 11:35; 16:15; 2Ti 3:1; 2P 2:1, 18.
[21] Jb 11:12; Pv 3:7; 26:12, 16; Jn 9:41; Ro 1:22; 11:25; 12:16; 1Co 3:18.
[22] Pv 23:19; Is 5:11; 28:1, 7; Hab 2:15.
[23] Ex 23:6; Dt 16:19; 1K 21:13; 2Ch 19:7; Ps 94:21; Pv 17:15, 23; 24:24; 31:4; Is 1:23; 10:2; Mi 3:11; 7:3; Mt 23:35; 27:24; Jm 5:6.
[24] Ex 15:7; 1S 15:23, 26; 2S 12:9; 2K 17:14; Ne 9:26; Jb 18:16; Ps 50:17; Is 9:14; 30:12; 47:14; Jr 6:19; 8:9; Ho 9:16; Jol 2:5; Am 2:9; Na 1:10; Mal 4:1; Mt 3:12; Lk 3:17; 7:30; 10:16; Jn 12:48; Ac 13:41; 1Co 3:12; 1Th 4:8; He 10:28.
[25] Lv 26:14; Dt 31:17; 32:19; 1K 14:11; 16:4; 21:24; 2K 9:37; 13:3; 22:13; 2Ch 36:16; Ps 18:7; 68:8; 77:18; 78:38; 83:10; 106:40; 114:7; Is 9:12, 17, 21; 10:4; 14:26; Jr 4:24; 8:2; 9:22; 15:3; 16:4; Lm 2:1; 5:22; Dn 9:16; Ho 14:4; Mi 1:4; Na 1:5; Hab 3:10; Zp 1:17; 1Th 2:16; Rv 20:11.

The executioners of God's judgments.

26 ¶ And he will lift up an ensign to the nations from far, and will hiss unto them from the end of the earth: and, behold, they shall come with speed swiftly: 27 None shall be weary nor stumble among them; none shall slumber nor sleep; neither shall the girdle of their loins be loosed, nor the latchet of their shoes be broken: 28 Whose arrows [are] sharp, and all their bows bent, their horses' hoofs shall be counted like flint, and their wheels like a whirlwind: 29 Their roaring [shall be] like a lion, they shall roar like young lions: yea, they shall roar, and lay hold of the prey, and shall carry [it] away safe, and none shall deliver [it]. 30 And in that day they shall roar against them like the roaring of the sea: and if [one] look unto the land, behold darkness [and] sorrow, and the light is darkened in the heavens thereof.

[26] Dt 28:49; Ps 72:8; Is 7:18; 11:12; 18:3; 30:16; 39:3; Jr 4:13; 5:15; 51:27; Lm 4:19; Jol 2:7; Hab 1:8; Zc 10:8; Mal 1:11.
[27] Dt 32:25; 1K 2:5; Jb 12:18, 21; Ps 18:32; 93:1; Is 11:5; 45:1, 5; Dn 5:6; Jol 2:7; Ep 6:13.
[28] Jg 5:22; Ps 45:5; 120:4; Jr 5:16; 47:3; Ezk 21:9; Mi 4:13; Na 2:3; 3:2.
[29] Gn 49:9; Nu 24:9; Ps 50:22; Is 31:4; 42:22; 49:24; Jr 4:7; 49:19; 50:17; Ho 11:10; Am 3:8; Mi 5:8; Zc 11:3.
[30] Ex 10:21; Ps 93:3; Is 8:22; 13:10; Jr 4:23; 6:23; 50:42; Lm 3:2; Ezk 32:7; Jol 2:10; Am 8:9; Mt 24:29; Lk 21:25; Rv 6:12; 16:10.


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