NASB — Exodus 22 — KJV

Property Rights

1IIf a man steals an ox or a sheep and slaughters it or sells it, he shall pay five oxen for the ox and afour sheep for the sheep.

[1] ICh 21:37 in Heb a2S 12:6; Lk 19:8

2 ¶ “IIf the athief is IIcaught while breaking in and is struck so that he dies, there will be no bloodguiltiness on his account. 3 [But] if the sun has risen on him, there will be bloodguiltiness on his account. He shall surely make restitution; if he owns nothing, then he shall be asold for his theft. 4 If what he stole is actually found alive in his Ipossession, whether an ox or a donkey or a sheep, ahe shall pay double.

[2] ICh 22:1 in Heb IILit found aMt 6:19; 24:43; 1P 4:15
[3] aMt 18:25
[4] ILit hand aEx 22:7

5 ¶ “If a man lets a field or vineyard be grazed [bare] and lets his animal loose so that it grazes in another man’s field, he shall make restitution from the best of his own field and the best of his own vineyard.

6 ¶ “If a fire breaks out and spreads to thorn bushes, so that stacked grain or the standing grain or the field [itself] is consumed, he who started the fire shall surely make restitution.

7 ¶ “aIf a man gives his neighbor money or goods to keep [for him] and it is stolen from the man’s house, if the thief is Icaught, he shall pay double. 8 If the thief is not Icaught, then the owner of the house shall IIappear before IIIathe judges, [to] determine whether he IVlaid his hands on his neighbor’s property. 9 For every Ibreach of trust, [whether it is] for ox, for donkey, for sheep, for clothing, [or] for any lost thing about which one says, ‘This is it,’ the IIcase of both parties shall come before IIIathe judges; he whom IIIthe judges condemn shall pay double to his neighbor.

[7] ILit found aLv 6:1-7
[8] ILit found IILit approach to IIIOr God IVLit stretched his hand aEx 22:9; Dt 17:8, 9; 19:17
[9] IOr matter of transgression IILit matter IIIOr God aEx 22:8, 28; Dt 25:1

10 ¶ “If a man gives his neighbor a donkey, an ox, a sheep, or any animal to keep [for him], and it dies or is hurt or is driven away while no one is looking, 11 an aoath before the LORD shall be made by the two of them Ithat he has not IIlaid hands on his neighbor’s property; and its owner shall accept [it], and he shall not make restitution. 12 But if it is actually stolen from him, he shall make restitution to its owner. 13 If it is all torn to pieces, let him bring it as evidence; he shall not make restitution for what has been torn to pieces.

[11] ILit whether IILit stretched his hand aHe 6:16

14 ¶ “If a man Iborrows [anything] from his neighbor, and it is injured or dies while its owner is not with it, he shall make full restitution. 15 If its owner is with it, he shall not make restitution; if it is hired, it came for its hire.

[14] ILit asks

Sundry Laws

16 ¶ “aIf a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged, and lies with her, he must pay a dowry for her [to be] his wife. 17 If her father absolutely refuses to give her to him, he shall Ipay money equal to the adowry for virgins.

[16] aDt 22:28, 29
[17] ILit weigh out silver aGn 34:12; 1S 18:25

18 ¶ “You shall not allow a asorceress to live.

[18] aLv 19:31; 20:6, 27; Dt 18:10, 11; 1S 28:3; Jr 27:9, 10

19 ¶ “aWhoever lies with an animal shall surely be put to death.

[19] aLv 18:23; 20:15, 16; Dt 27:21

20 ¶ “aHe who sacrifices to Iany god, other than to the LORD alone, shall be IIutterly destroyed.

[20] ILit the gods IILit put under the ban aEx 32:8; 34:15; Lv 17:7; Nu 25:2; Dt 17:2, 3, 5; 1K 18:40; 2K 10:25

21 ¶ “aYou shall not wrong a stranger or oppress him, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt. 22 aYou shall not afflict any widow or orphan. 23 If you afflict him at all, [and] aif he does cry out to Me, bI will surely hear his cry; 24 and My anger will be kindled, and I will kill you with the sword, aand your wives shall become widows and your children fatherless.

[21] aEx 23:9; Lv 19:33, 34; 25:35; Dt 1:16; 10:19; 27:19; Zc 7:10
[22] aDt 24:17, 18; Pv 23:10, 11; Jr 7:6, 7
[23] aDt 15:9; Jb 35:9; Lk 18:7 bDt 10:18; Jb 34:28; Ps 10:14, 17, 18; 18:6; 68:5; Jm 5:4
[24] aPs 109:2, 9

25 ¶ “aIf you lend money to My people, to the poor Iamong you, you are not to IIact as a creditor to him; you shall not IIIcharge him binterest. 26 If you ever take your neighbor’s cloak aas a pledge, you are to return it to him before the sun sets, 27 for that is his only covering; it is his cloak for his Ibody. What else shall he sleep in? And it shall come about that awhen he cries out to Me, I will hear [him], for bI am gracious.

[25] ILit with IILit be IIILit lay upon aLv 25:35-37; Dt 15:7-11 bDt 23:19, 20; Ne 5:7; Ps 15:5; Ezk 18:8
[26] aDt 24:6, 10-13; Jb 24:3; Pv 20:16; Am 2:8
[27] ILit skin aEx 22:23 bEx 34:6

28 ¶ “You shall not Iacurse God, bnor curse a ruler of your people.

[28] IOr revile aLv 24:15, 16 bEc 10:20; Ac 23:5

29 ¶ “aYou shall not delay [the offering from] Iyour harvest and your vintage. bThe firstborn of your sons you shall give to Me. 30 aYou shall do the same with your oxen [and] with your sheep. It shall be with its mother seven days; bon the eighth day you shall give it to Me.

[29] ILit your fullness and your tears aEx 23:16, 19; Dt 26:2-11; Pv 3:9 bEx 13:2, 12
[30] aDt 15:19; Lv 22:27 bGn 17:12; Lv 12:3

31 ¶ “aYou shall be holy men to Me, therefore byou shall not eat [any] flesh torn to pieces in the field; you shall throw it to the dogs.

[31] aEx 19:6; Lv 11:44; 19:2 bLv 7:24; 17:15; Ezk 4:14


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Of theft.

1 ¶ If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

[1] Ex 22:9; Lv 6:1; Nu 5:7; 2S 12:6; Pv 6:31; 14:4; Lk 19:8.

2 ¶ If a thief be found breaking up, and be smitten that he die, [there shall] no blood [be shed] for him. 3 If the sun be risen upon him, [there shall be] blood [shed] for him; [for] he should make full restitution; if he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft. 4 If the theft be certainly found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall restore double.

[2] Nu 35:27; Jb 24:14; 30:5; Ho 7:1; Jol 2:9; Mt 6:19; 24:43; 1Th 5:2.
[3] Ex 21:2; Jg 2:14; 10:7; Is 50:1.
[4] Ex 21:16; 22:1, 7, 9; Pv 6:31; Is 40:2; Jr 16:18; Rv 18:6.

Of damage.

5 ¶ If a man shall cause a field or vineyard to be eaten, and shall put in his beast, and shall feed in another man's field; of the best of his own field, and of the best of his own vineyard, shall he make restitution.

[5] Ex 21:34; 22:3, 12; Jb 20:18.

6 ¶ If fire break out, and catch in thorns, so that the stacks of corn, or the standing corn, or the field, be consumed [therewith]; he that kindled the fire shall surely make restitution.

[6] Ex 21:33; 22:9, 12; Jg 15:4; 2S 14:30.

Of trespasses.

7 ¶ If a man shall deliver unto his neighbour money or stuff to keep, and it be stolen out of the man's house; if the thief be found, let him pay double. 8 If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall be brought unto the judges, [to see] whether he have put his hand unto his neighbour's goods. 9 For all manner of trespass, [whether it be] for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, [or] for any manner of lost thing, which [another] challengeth to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; [and] whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double unto his neighbour. 10 If a man deliver unto his neighbour an ass, or an ox, or a sheep, or any beast, to keep; and it die, or be hurt, or driven away, no man seeing [it]: 11 [Then] shall an oath of the LORD be between them both, that he hath not put his hand unto his neighbour's goods; and the owner of it shall accept [thereof], and he shall not make [it] good. 12 And if it be stolen from him, he shall make restitution unto the owner thereof. 13 If it be torn in pieces, [then] let him bring it [for] witness, [and] he shall not make good that which was torn.

[7] Ex 22:4; Pv 6:30; Jr 2:26; Jn 12:6; 1Co 6:10.
[8] Ex 21:6; 22:28; Dt 16:18; 19:17; 1Ch 23:4; Ps 82:1.
[9] Ex 18:21; 22:4, 7; 23:6; Nu 5:6; Dt 16:18; 25:1; 1K 8:31; 2Ch 19:10; Mt 6:14; 18:15, 35; Lk 17:3.
[10] Gn 39:8; Lk 12:48; 16:11; 2Ti 1:12.
[11] Ex 22:8; 23:1; Lv 5:1; 6:3; 1K 2:42; Pv 30:9; He 6:16.
[12] Gn 31:39; Ex 22:7.
[13] Ezk 4:14; Am 3:12; Mi 5:8; Na 2:12.

Of borrowing.

14 ¶ And if a man borrow [ought] of his neighbour, and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof [being] not with it, he shall surely make [it] good. 15 [But] if the owner thereof [be] with it, he shall not make [it] good: if it [be] an hired [thing], it came for his hire.

[14] Ex 21:34; 22:11; Lv 24:18; Dt 15:2; 23:19; Ne 5:4; Ps 37:21; Mt 5:42; Lk 6:35.
[15] Zc 8:10.

Of fornication.

16 ¶ And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife. 17 If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.

[16] Gn 34:2; Dt 22:28.
[17] Gn 23:16; 34:12; Dt 7:3; 22:29; 1S 18:25.

Of witchcraft.

18 ¶ Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live.

[18] Lv 19:26, 31; 20:6, 27; Dt 18:10; 1S 28:3, 9; Is 19:3; Ac 8:9; 16:16; 19:19; Ga 5:20; Rv 22:15.

Of bestiality.

19 ¶ Whosoever lieth with a beast shall surely be put to death.

[19] Lv 18:23, 25; 20:15; Dt 27:21.

Of idolatry.

20 ¶ He that sacrificeth unto [any] god, save unto the LORD only, he shall be utterly destroyed.

[20] Nu 21:3; 25:2, 7; Dt 13:1; 17:2; 18:20; Jsh 23:15.

Of strangers, widows, and fatherless.

21 ¶ Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

[21] Ex 20:2; 23:9; Lv 19:33; 25:35; Dt 10:19; 15:15; 23:7; Jr 7:6; 22:3; Zc 7:10; Mal 3:5.

22 ¶ Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child. 23 If thou afflict them in any wise, and they cry at all unto me, I will surely hear their cry; 24 And my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.

[22] Dt 10:18; 24:17; 27:19; Ps 94:6; Is 1:17, 23; 10:2; Ezk 22:7; Zc 7:10; Jm 1:27.
[23] Dt 15:9; 24:15; Jb 31:38; 34:28; 35:9; Ps 10:17; 18:6; 140:12; 145:19; 146:7; Pv 22:22; 23:10; Lk 18:7; Jm 5:4.
[24] Jb 27:13; 31:23; Ps 69:24; 76:7; 78:63; 90:11; 109:9; Jr 15:8; 18:21; Lm 5:3; Na 1:6; Lk 6:38; Ro 2:5; He 10:31.

Of usury.

25 ¶ If thou lend money to [any of] my people [that is] poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury.

[25] Lv 25:35; Dt 23:19; 2K 4:1, 7; Ne 5:2, 7, 10; Ps 15:5; Pv 28:8; Jr 15:10; Ezk 18:8, 17; Mt 25:27; Lk 19:23.

Of pledges.

26 If thou at all take thy neighbour's raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goeth down: 27 For that [is] his covering only, it [is] his raiment for his skin: wherein shall he sleep? and it shall come to pass, when he crieth unto me, that I will hear; for I [am] gracious.

[26] Dt 24:6, 10, 17; Jb 22:6; 24:3, 9; Pv 20:16; 22:27; Ezk 18:7, 16; 33:15; Am 2:8.
[27] Ex 2:23; 34:6; 2Ch 30:9; Ps 34:6; 72:12; 86:15; 136:10; Is 19:20.

Of reverence to magistrates.

28 ¶ Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people.

[28] Ex 21:17; 22:8; 1S 24:6, 10; 26:9; Ps 32:6; 82:1; 138:1; Ec 10:20; Jn 10:34; Ac 23:3, 5; Ro 13:2; Tit 3:1; 1P 2:17; 2P 2:10; Jde 1:8.

Of the firstfruits.

29 ¶ Thou shalt not delay [to offer] the first of thy ripe fruits, and of thy liquors: the firstborn of thy sons shalt thou give unto me. 30 Likewise shalt thou do with thine oxen, [and] with thy sheep: seven days it shall be with his dam; on the eighth day thou shalt give it me.

[29] Ex 13:2, 12; 23:16, 19; 34:19; Dt 26:2; 2K 4:42; 2Ch 31:5; Pv 3:9; Ezk 20:40; Mi 7:1; Mt 6:33; Ro 8:23; Jm 1:18.
[30] Lv 22:27; Dt 15:19.

31 ¶ And ye shall be holy men unto me: neither shall ye eat [any] flesh [that is] torn of beasts in the field; ye shall cast it to the dogs.

[31] Ex 19:5; Lv 11:45; 17:15; 19:2; 20:25; 22:8; Dt 14:21; Ezk 4:14; 44:31; Ac 10:14; 15:20; 1P 1:15.


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