NASB — Exodus 21 — KJV

Ordinances for the People

1 “Now these are the aordinances which you are to set before them:

[1] aEx 24:3, 4; Dt 4:14; 6:1

2 ¶ “If you buy aa Hebrew slave, he shall serve for six years; but on the seventh he shall go out as a free man without payment. 3 If he comes Ialone, he shall go out Ialone; if he is the husband of a wife, then his wife shall go out with him. 4 If his master gives him a wife, and she bears him sons or daughters, the wife and her children shall belong to her master, and he shall go out Ialone. 5 But aif the slave plainly says, ‘I love my master, my wife and my children; I will not go out as a free man,’ 6 then his master shall bring him to IGod, then he shall bring him to the door or the doorpost. And his master shall pierce his ear with an awl; and he shall serve him permanently.

[2] aLv 25:39-43; Dt 15:12-18; Jr 34:14
[3] ILit by himself
[4] ILit by himself
[5] aDt 15:16, 17
[6] IOr the judges who acted in God’s name

7 ¶ “aIf a man sells his daughter as a female slave, she is not to Igo free bas the male slaves Ido. 8 If she is Idispleasing in the eyes of her master IIwho designated her for himself, then he shall let her be redeemed. He does not have authority to sell her to a foreign people because of his IIIunfairness to her. 9 If he designates her for his son, he shall deal with her according to the custom of daughters. 10 If he takes to himself another woman, he may not reduce her Ifood, her clothing, or aher conjugal rights. 11 If he will not do these three [things] for her, then she shall go out for nothing, without [payment of] money.

[7] ILit go out aNe 5:5 bEx 21:2, 3
[8] ILit bad IIAnother reading is so that he did not designate her IIILit dealing treacherously
[10] ILit flesh a1Co 7:3, 5

Personal Injuries

12 ¶ “aHe who strikes a man so that he dies shall surely be put to death. 13 aBut Iif he did not lie in wait [for him], but bGod let [him] fall into his hand, then I will appoint you a place to which he may flee. 14 aIf, however, a man acts presumptuously toward his neighbor, so as to kill him craftily, you are to take him [even] from My altar, that he may die.

[12] aGn 9:6; Lv 24:17; Nu 35:30; Mt 26:52
[13] ILit he who aNu 35:10-34; Dt 19:1-13; Jsh 20:1-9 b1S 24:4, 10, 18
[14] aDt 19:11, 12; 1K 2:28-34

15 ¶ “He who strikes his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.

16 ¶ “aHe who Ikidnaps a man, whether he sells him or he is found in his IIpossession, shall surely be put to death.

[16] ILit steals IILit hand aDt 24:7

17 ¶ “aHe who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.

[17] aLv 20:9; Pv 20:20; Mt 15:4; Mk 7:10

18 ¶ “If men have a quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or with [his] fist, and he does not die but Iremains in bed, 19 if he gets up and walks around outside on his staff, then he who struck him shall go unpunished; he shall only pay for his Iloss of time, and IIshall take care of him until he is completely healed.

[18] ILit lies
[19] ILit his sitting IILit healing, he shall cause to be healed

20 ¶ “If a man strikes his male or female slave with a rod and he dies Iat his hand, he shall IIbe punished. 21 If, however, he Isurvives a day or two, no vengeance shall be taken; afor he is his IIproperty.

[20] ILit under IILit suffer vengeance
[21] ILit stands IILit money aLv 25:44-46

22 ¶ “If men struggle with each other and strike a woman with child so that Ishe gives birth prematurely, yet there is no injury, he shall surely be fined as the woman’s husband IImay demand of him, and he shall apay IIIas the judges [decide]. 23 But if there is [any further] injury, athen you shall appoint [as a penalty] life for life, 24 aeye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, 25 burn for burn, wound for wound, Ibruise for bruise.

[22] IOr an untimely birth occurs; lit her children come out IILit lays on him IIILit by arbitration aEx 21:30; Dt 22:18, 19
[23] aLv 24:19; Dt 19:21
[24] aLv 24:20; Dt 19:21; Mt 5:38
[25] ILit welt

26 ¶ “If a man strikes the eye of his male or female slave, and destroys it, he shall let him go free on account of his eye. 27 And if he Iknocks out a tooth of his male or female slave, he shall let him go free on account of his tooth.

[27] ILit causes to fall

28 ¶ “If an ox gores a man or a woman Ito death, athe ox shall surely be stoned and its flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall go unpunished. 29 If, however, an ox was previously in the habit of goring and its owner has been warned, yet he does not confine it and it kills a man or a woman, the ox shall be stoned and its owner also shall be put to death. 30 If a ransom is Idemanded of him, then he shall give for the redemption of his life whatever is Idemanded of him. 31 Whether it gores a son or Ia daughter, it shall be done to him according to IIthe same rule. 32 If the ox gores a male or female slave, Ithe owner shall give his [or her] master athirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.

[28] ILit so that he dies aGn 9:5; Ex 21:32
[30] ILit laid on him
[31] ILit gores a daughter IILit this judgment
[32] ILit he aZc 11:12; Mt 26:15; 27:3, 9

33 ¶ “If a man opens a pit, or Idigs a pit and does not cover it over, and an ox or a donkey falls into it, 34 the owner of the pit shall make restitution; he shall Igive money to its owner, and the dead [animal] shall become his.

[33] ILit if a man digs
[34] ILit give back

35 ¶ “If one man’s ox hurts another’s so that it dies, then they shall sell the live ox and divide its price equally; and also they shall divide the dead [ox]. 36 Or [if] it is known that the ox was previously in the habit of goring, yet its owner has not confined it, he shall surely pay ox for ox, and the dead [animal] shall become his.


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Laws for menservants.

1 ¶ Now these [are] the judgments which thou shalt set before them. 2 If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing. 3 If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him. 4 If his master have given him a wife, and she have born him sons or daughters; the wife and her children shall be her master's, and he shall go out by himself.

[1] Ex 19:7; 24:3; Lv 18:5, 26; 19:37; 20:22; Nu 35:24; 36:13; Dt 4:5, 8, 14, 45; 5:1, 31; 6:20; 1K 6:12; 2Ch 19:10; Ne 9:13; 10:29; Ps 147:19; Ezk 20:11, 25; Mal 4:4; Mt 28:20; 1Th 4:1.
[2] Gn 27:28, 36; Ex 12:44; 22:3; Lv 25:39, 40, 44, 45; Dt 15:1, 12, 18; 31:10; 2K 4:1; Ne 5:1, 8; Jr 34:8; Mt 18:25; 1Co 6:20.
[3] Dt 15:12.
[4] Gn 14:14; 15:3; 17:13, 27; 18:19; Ex 4:22; Ec 2:7; Jr 2:14.

For the servant whose ear is bored.

5 And if the servant shall plainly say, I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free: 6 Then his master shall bring him unto the judges; he shall also bring him to the door, or unto the door post; and his master shall bore his ear through with an aul; and he shall serve him for ever.

[5] Dt 15:16; Is 26:13; 2Co 5:14.
[6] Ex 12:12; 18:21; 21:22; 22:8, 28; Lv 25:23, 40; Nu 25:5; Dt 1:16; 15:17; 16:18; 19:17; 1S 1:22; 8:1; 27:12; 28:2; 1K 12:7; Ps 40:6; Is 1:26; Zp 3:3.

For women servants.

7 ¶ And if a man sell his daughter to be a maidservant, she shall not go out as the menservants do. 8 If she please not her master, who hath betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her. 9 And if he have betrothed her unto his son, he shall deal with her after the manner of daughters. 10 If he take him another [wife]; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish. 11 And if he do not these three unto her, then shall she go out free without money.

[7] Ex 21:2; Ne 5:5.
[8] Gn 28:8; Ex 8:29; Dt 20:7; 21:11; Jg 9:19; 14:3; 1S 8:6; 18:8; Jb 6:15; Mal 2:11.
[9] Gn 38:11; Ex 22:17; Lv 22:13.
[10] 1Co 7:1.
[11] Ex 21:2.

For manslaughter.

12 ¶ He that smiteth a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death. 13 And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver [him] into his hand; then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee. 14 But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.

[12] Gn 9:6; Ex 20:13; Lv 24:17; Nu 35:16, 30; Dt 19:11; 2S 12:13; Mt 26:52.
[13] Nu 35:11, 22; Dt 4:41; 19:1, 4, 9, 11; Jsh 20:2; 1S 24:4, 10, 18; 2S 16:10; Is 10:7; Mi 7:2.
[14] Nu 15:30; 35:20; Dt 1:43; 17:12; 18:22; 19:11; 27:24; 2S 3:27; 20:9; 1K 1:50; 2:28, 29; 2K 11:15; Ps 19:13; He 10:26; 2P 2:10.

15 ¶ And he that smiteth his father, or his mother, shall be surely put to death.

[15] Dt 21:18; 27:24; Pv 30:11, 17; 1Ti 1:9.

For stealers of men.

16 ¶ And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

[16] Gn 37:28; 40:15; Ex 22:4; Dt 24:7; 1Ti 1:10; Rv 18:12.

For cursers of parents.

17 ¶ And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

[17] Lv 20:9; Dt 27:16; Pv 20:20; 30:11, 17; Mt 15:3; Mk 7:10.

For smiters.

18 ¶ And if men strive together, and one smite another with a stone, or with [his] fist, and he die not, but keepeth [his] bed: 19 If he rise again, and walk abroad upon his staff, then shall he that smote [him] be quit: only he shall pay [for] the loss of his time, and shall cause [him] to be thoroughly healed.

[18] Ex 2:13; 21:20, 22; Nu 35:16; Dt 25:11; 2S 14:6.
[19] 2S 3:29; Zc 8:4.

20 ¶ And if a man smite his servant, or his maid, with a rod, and he die under his hand; he shall be surely punished. 21 Notwithstanding, if he continue a day or two, he shall not be punished: for he [is] his money.

[20] Gn 4:15, 24; 9:6; Ex 21:26; Nu 35:19, 30; Dt 19:21; Pv 29:19; Is 58:3; Ro 13:4.
[21] Lv 25:45.

For a hurt by chance.

22 ¶ If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart [from her], and yet no mischief follow: he shall be surely punished, according as the woman's husband will lay upon him; and he shall pay as the judges [determine]. 23 And if [any] mischief follow, then thou shalt give life for life, 24 Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, 25 Burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe.

[22] Ex 21:18, 30; Dt 16:18; 22:18.
[23] Nu 35:31.
[24] Ex 21:26; Lv 24:19; Dt 19:21; Jg 1:6; 1S 15:33; Mt 5:38; 7:2; Lk 6:38; Rv 16:6.

26 ¶ And if a man smite the eye of his servant, or the eye of his maid, that it perish; he shall let him go free for his eye's sake. 27 And if he smite out his manservant's tooth, or his maidservant's tooth; he shall let him go free for his tooth's sake.

[26] Ex 21:20; Dt 16:19; Ne 5:5; Jb 31:13; Ps 9:12; 10:14, 18; 72:12; Pv 22:22; Ep 6:9; Col 4:1.
[27] Ex 21:19.

For an ox that goreth.

28 ¶ If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die: then the ox shall be surely stoned, and his flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox [shall be] quit. 29 But if the ox were wont to push with his horn in time past, and it hath been testified to his owner, and he hath not kept him in, but that he hath killed a man or a woman; the ox shall be stoned, and his owner also shall be put to death. 30 If there be laid on him a sum of money, then he shall give for the ransom of his life whatsoever is laid upon him. 31 Whether he have gored a son, or have gored a daughter, according to this judgment shall it be done unto him. 32 If the ox shall push a manservant or a maidservant; he shall give unto their master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.

[28] Gn 9:5; Ex 21:32; Lv 20:15.
[29] Dt 21:1.
[30] Ex 21:22; 30:12; Nu 35:31; Pv 13:8.
[31] Ex 21:31.
[32] Gn 37:28; Ex 21:28; Zc 11:12; Mt 26:15; 27:3; Php 2:7.

For him that is an occasion of harm.

33 ¶ And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit, and not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein; 34 The owner of the pit shall make [it] good, [and] give money unto the owner of them; and the dead [beast] shall be his.

[33] Ps 9:15; 119:85; Pv 28:10; Ec 10:8; Jr 18:20, 22.
[34] Ex 21:29; 22:6, 14.

35 ¶ And if one man's ox hurt another's, that he die; then they shall sell the live ox, and divide the money of it; and the dead [ox] also they shall divide. 36 Or if it be known that the ox hath used to push in time past, and his owner hath not kept him in; he shall surely pay ox for ox; and the dead shall be his own.

[36] Ex 21:29.


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