Israel’s History after the Exodus
1 These° are the words° which° Moses° spoke° to all° Israel° aacross° the Jordan° in the wilderness°, in the bArabah° opposite° ISuph°, between° Paran° and Tophel° and Laban° and Hazeroth° and Dizahab°. 2 It is eleven°° days’° [journey] from aHoreb° by the way° of Mount° bSeir° to cKadesh-barnea°. 3 In the afortieth° year°, on the first° [day] of the eleventh°° month°, Moses° spoke° to the children° of Israel°, baccording to all° that the LORD° had commanded° him [to give] to them, 4 after° he had Iadefeated° Sihon° the king° of the Amorites°, who° lived° in Heshbon°, and bOg° the king° of Bashan°, who° lived° in cAshtaroth° IIand Edrei°. 5 Across° the Jordan° in the land° of Moab°, Moses° undertook° to expound° this° law°, saying°,
 IPerhaps Red Sea aDt 4:46 bDt 2:8
 aEx 3:1; 17:6 bGn 32:3 cNu 13:26; 32:8; Dt 9:23
 aNu 33:38 bDt 4:1, 2
 ILit smitten IISo with ancient versions; M.T. omits and aNu 21:21-26; Dt 2:26-35; Jsh 13:10; Ne 9:22 bNu 21:33-35; Jsh 13:12 cJsh 12:4
6 ¶ “The LORD° our God° aspoke° to us at Horeb°, saying°, ‘You have Istayed° long° enough° at this° mountain°. 7 Turn° and set° your journey°, and go° to athe hill° country° of the Amorites°, and to all° their neighbors° in the Arabah°, in the hill° country° and in the lowland° and in bthe INegev° and by the seacoast°°, the land° of the Canaanites°, and Lebanon°, as far° as the great° river°, the river° Euphrates°. 8 See°, I have placed° the land° before° you; go° in and possess° the land° which° the LORD° aswore° to give° to your fathers°, to Abraham°, to Isaac°, and to Jacob°, to them and their Idescendants° after° them.’
 ILit dwelt aNu 10:11-13
 II.e. South country aGn 15:18; Dt 11:24; Jsh 10:40 bGn 12:9
 ILit seed aGn 12:7; 26:3; 28:13; Ex 33:1; Nu 14:23; 32:11; He 6:13, 14
9 ¶ “I spoke° to you at that time°, saying°, ‘aI am not able° to bear° [the burden] of you alone°. 10 The LORD° your God° has amultiplied° you, and behold°, you are this day° like the stars° of heaven° in number°. 11 May the LORD°, the God° of your fathers°, increase° you a thousand-fold°° more° than you are and bless° you, ajust° as He has Ipromised° you! 12 How° can I alone° bear° the load° and burden° of you and your strife°? 13 IaChoose° wise° and discerning° and experienced° men° from your tribes°, and I will appoint° them as your heads°.’ 14 You answered° me and said°, ‘The thing° which° you have said° to do° is good°.’ 15 So I took° the heads° of your tribes°, wise° and experienced° men°, and Iappointed° them heads° over° you, leaders° of thousands° and IIof hundreds°, IIof fifties° and IIof tens°, and officers° for your tribes°.
 aEx 18:18, 24; Nu 11:14
 aGn 15:5; 22:17; Ex 32:13; Dt 7:7; 10:22; 26:5; 28:62
 ILit spoken to aDt 1:8, 10
 ILit Give for yourselves aEx 18:21
 ILit gave IILit leaders of
16 ¶ “Then I charged° your judges° at that time°, saying°, ‘Hear° [the cases] between° your Ifellow° countrymen°, and ajudge° righteously° between° a man° and his IIfellow° countryman°, or the alien° who is with him. 17 aYou shall not show° partiality°° in judgment°; you shall hear° the small° and the great° alike. You shall bnot fear° Iman°, for the judgment° is God’s°. cThe case° that is too° hard° for you, you shall bring° to me, and I will hear° it.’ 18 aI commanded° you at that time° all° the things° that you should do°.
 ILit brothers IILit brother aDt 16:18; Jn 7:24
 ILit because of man aDt 10:17; 16:19; 24:17; 2Ch 19:5, 6; Pv 24:23-26; Ac 10:34; Jm 2:1, 9 bPv 29:25 cEx 18:22, 26
 aEx 18:20
19 ¶ “Then we set° out from aHoreb°, and went° through all° that bgreat° and terrible° wilderness° which° you saw° on the way° to the chill° country° of the Amorites°, just° as the LORD° our God° had commanded° us; and we came° to aKadesh-barnea°. 20 I said° to you, ‘You have come° to the hill° country° of the Amorites° which° the LORD° our God° is about to give° us. 21 See°, the LORD° your God° has placed° the land° before° you; go° up, take° possession°, as the LORD°, the God° of your fathers°, has spoken° to you. aDo not fear° or be dismayed°.’
22 ¶ “aThen all° of you approached° me and said°, ‘Let us send° men° before° us, that they may search° out the land° for us, and bring° back° to us word° of the way° by which° we should go° up and the cities° which° we shall enter°.’ 23 The thing° pleased°° me and I took° twelve°° of your men°, one° man° for each tribe°. 24 aThey turned° and went° up into the hill° country°, and came° to the valley° of Eshcol° and spied° it out. 25 Then they took° [some] of the fruit° of the land° in their hands° and brought° it down° to us; and they brought° us back° a report° and said°, ‘It is a good° land° which° the LORD° our God° is about to give° us.’
26 ¶ “aYet you were not willing° to go° up, but brebelled° against° the Icommand° of the LORD° your God°; 27 and ayou grumbled° in your tents° and said°, ‘Because the LORD° hates° us, He has brought° us out of the land° of Egypt° to deliver° us into the hand° of the Amorites° to destroy° us. 28 Where° can we go° up? Our brethren° have made our hearts° melt°, saying°, “The people° are bigger° and taller° than° we; the cities° are large° and fortified° to heaven°. And besides°, we saw° athe sons° of the Anakim° there°.”’ 29 Then I said° to you, ‘Do not be shocked°, nor° fear° them. 30 The LORD° your God° who goes° before° you will aHimself° fight° on your behalf, Ijust°° as He did° for you in Egypt° before your eyes°, 31 and in the wilderness° where° you saw° how° athe LORD° your God° carried° you, just° as a man° carries° his son°, in all° the way° which° you have walked° until° you came° to this° place°.’ 32 But Iafor all this°, you did not trust° the LORD° your God°, 33 awho goes° before° you on [your] way°, bto seek° out a place° for you to encamp°, in fire° by night° and cloud° by day°, to show° you the way° in which° you should go°.
 ILit mouth aNu 14:1-4 bDt 9:23
 aDt 9:28; Ps 106:25
 aNu 13:28, 33; Dt 9:2
 ILit according to all that aEx 14:14; Dt 3:22; 20:4; Ne 4:20
 aDt 32:10-12; Is 46:3, 4; 63:9; Ho 11:3; Ac 13:18
 ILit in this matter aNu 14:11; Ps 106:24; He 3:19; 4:2; Jde 5
 aEx 13:21; Nu 9:15-23; Ne 9:12; Ps 78:14 bNu 10:33
34 ¶ “Then the LORD° heard° the sound° of your words°, and He was angry° and atook° an oath°, saying°, 35 ‘aNot one° of these° men°, this° evil° generation°, shall see° the good° land° which° I swore° to give° your fathers°, 36 except° Caleb° the son° of Jephunneh°; he shall see° it, and ato him and to his sons° I will give° the land° on which° he has set° foot°, because°° he has followed° the LORD° fully°.’ 37 aThe LORD° was angry° with me also° on your account°, saying°, ‘bNot even° you shall enter° there°. 38 Joshua° the son° of Nun°, who stands° before° you, ahe shall enter° there°; encourage° him, for bhe will cause Israel° to inherit° it. 39 Moreover, ayour little° ones° who° you said° would become° a prey°, and your sons°, who° this day° have° bno° knowledge° of good° or evil°, shall enter° there°, and I will give° it to them and they shall possess° it. 40 But as for you, aturn° around and set° out for the wilderness° by the way° to the IRed°° Sea°.’
 aNu 14:28-30; He 3:18
 aPs 95:11; 106:26; Ezk 20:15; 1Co 10:5; He 3:14-19
 aNu 14:24; Jsh 14:9
 aNu 20:12; Dt 3:26; 4:21 bNu 27:13, 18
 aNu 14:30 bNu 34:17; Dt 3:28; 31:7; Jsh 11:23
 aNu 14:3, 31 bIs 7:15, 16
 ILit Sea of Reeds aNu 14:25
41 ¶ “aThen you said° to me, ‘We have sinned° against the LORD°; we will indeed go° up and fight°, just°° as the LORD° our God° commanded° us.’ And every° man° of you girded° on his weapons° of war°, and regarded° it as easy° to go° up into the hill° country°. 42 aAnd the LORD° said° to me, ‘Say° to them, “Do not go° up nor° fight°, for I am not among° you; otherwise° you will be Idefeated° before° your enemies°.”’ 43 So I spoke° to you, but you would not listen°. Instead ayou rebelled° against° the Icommand° of the LORD°, and acted° presumptuously° and went° up into the hill° country°. 44 aThe Amorites° who Ilived° in that hill° country° came° out against° you and chased° you bas bees° do°, and crushed° you from Seir° to Hormah°. 45 Then you returned° and wept° before° the LORD°; but the aLORD° did not listen° to your voice° nor° give° ear° to you. 46 So you remained° in aKadesh° many° days°, Ithe days° that you spent° [there].
 aNu 14:40
 ILit smitten aNu 14:41-43
 ILit mouth aNu 14:40
 ILit dwelt aNu 14:45 bPs 118:12
 aJb 27:8, 9; Ps 66:18; Jn 9:31
 ILit as the days aNu 20:1, 22; Dt 2:7, 14; Jg 11:17
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Moses' speech in the end of the fortieth year, briefly rehearsing the story,
1 ¶ These² [be] the wordsº which² Mosesº spakeºª unto² all² Israelº on this sideº Jordanº in the wilderness,º in the plainº over againstº the Redº [sea], between² Paran,º and Tophel,º and Laban,º and Hazeroth,º and Dizahab.º 2 ([There are] elevenºº days'º [journey] from Horebº² by the wayº of mountº Seirº unto² Kadeshbarnea.)º 3 And it came to pass² in the fortiethº year,º in the eleventhºº month,º on the firstº [day] of the month,º [that] Mosesº spakeºª unto² the childrenº of Israel,º according unto all² that² the LORDº had given him in commandmentºª² unto² them; 4 Afterº he had slainºª² Sihonº the kingº of the Amorites,º which² dweltºª in Heshbon,º and Ogº the kingº of Bashan,º which² dweltºª at Astarothº in Edrei:º 5 On this sideº Jordan,º in the landº of Moab,º beganºª Mosesº to declareºª² this² law,º saying,ºª
 Gn 21:21; Nu 10:12; 11:35; 12:16; 13:3, 26; 21:14; 32:5, 19, 32; 33:17; 34:15; 35:14; Dt 33:2; Jsh 9:1, 10; 22:4, 7; 1S 25:1; Hab 3:3.
 Lv 2:14; 9:23; Nu 13:26; 20:17; 32:8; Dt 1:44; 2:4, 8; Jsh 14:6.
 Nu 20:1; 33:38.
 Nu 21:21; Dt 2:26; 3:1; Jsh 12:2; 13:10; Ne 9:22; Ps 135:11; 136:19.
 Dt 4:8; 17:18; 31:9; 32:46.
of God's promise,
6 The LORDº our Godº spakeºª unto² us in Horeb,º saying,ºª Ye have dweltºª long enoughº in this² mount:º 7 Turnºª you, and take your journey,ºª and goºª to the mountº of the Amorites,º and unto² all² [the places] nighº thereunto, in the plain,º in the hills,º and in the vale,º and in the south,º and by the seaº side,º to the landº of the Canaanites,º and unto Lebanon,º unto² the greatº river,º the riverº Euphrates.º 8 Behold,ºª I have setºª² the landº beforeº you: go¹ª in² and possessºª² the landº which² the LORDº swareºª unto your fathers,º Abraham,º Isaac,º and Jacob,º to giveºª unto them and to their seedº afterº them.
 Ex 3:1; 17:6; 19:1; Nu 10:11; Dt 5:2.
 Gn 15:16; Ex 23:31; Nu 34:3; Dt 11:11, 24; Jsh 1:4; 10:40; 11:16; 24:15; 2S 8:3; 1Ch 5:9; 18:3; Am 2:9.
 Gn 12:7; 13:14; 15:16, 18; 17:7; 22:16; 26:3; 28:13.
9 ¶ And I spakeºª unto² you at that² time,º saying,ºª I am not ableºª² to bearºª you myself alone:º 10 The LORDº your Godº hath multipliedºª you, and, behold,² ye [are] this dayº as the starsº of heavenº for multitude.º 11 (The LORDº Godº of your fathersº make you a thousandº timesº so many more² as¹ª ye [are], and blessºª you, as² he hath promisedºª you!) 12 Howº can I myself alone² bearºª your cumbrance,º and your burden,º and your strife?º
 Ex 18:18; Nu 11:11, 17.
 Gn 15:5; 22:17; 28:14; Ex 12:37; 32:13; Nu 1:46; Dt 10:22; 28:62; 1Ch 27:23; Ne 9:23.
 Gn 15:5; 22:17; 26:4; 49:25; Ex 32:13; Nu 6:27; 22:12; 2S 24:3; 1Ch 21:3; Ps 115:14.
 Ex 18:13; Nu 11:11; Dt 1:9; 1K 3:7; Ps 89:19; 2Co 2:16; 3:5.
giving them officers,
13 Takeºª you wiseº men,¹² and understanding,ºª and knownºª among your tribes,º and I will makeºª them rulersº over you. 14 And ye answeredºª me, and said,ºª The thingº which² thou hast spokenºª [is] goodº [for us] to do.ºª 15 So I tookºª² the chiefº of your tribes,º wiseº men,¹² and known,ºª and madeºª them headsº over² you, captainsº over thousands,º and captainsº over hundreds,º and captainsº over fifties,º and captainsº over tens,º and officersºª among your tribes.º 16 And I chargedºª² your judgesºª at that² time,º saying,ºª Hearºª [the causes] between² your brethren,º and judgeºª righteouslyº between² [every] manº and his brother,º and the strangerº [that is] with him. 17 Ye shall not² respectºª personsº in judgment;º [but] ye shall hearºª the smallº as well as the great;º ye shall not² be afraidºª of the faceº² of man;º for² the judgmentº [is] God's:º and the causeº that² is too hardºª for² you, bringºª [it] unto² me, and I will hearºª it. 18 And I commandedºª you at that² timeº² all² the thingsº which² ye should do.ºª
 Ex 18:21; Nu 11:16; Ac 1:21; 6:2.
 Ex 18:25; Nu 31:14; Dt 16:18; 1S 8:12; 17:18; 22:7; Ep 4:11.
 Ex 22:21; 23:2, 7, 9; Lv 19:15; 24:22; Nu 27:19; Dt 10:18; 16:18; 24:14; 27:11; 31:14; 2S 23:3; 2Ch 19:6; Ps 58:1; Jn 7:24; 1Th 2:11; 1Ti 5:21; 6:17.
 Ex 18:18, 22, 26; 23:3, 6; Lv 19:15; Dt 10:17; 16:19; 17:8; 1S 12:3; 16:7; 2S 14:14; 1K 21:8; 2Ch 19:6; Jb 22:6; 29:11; 31:13, 34; Ps 82:3; Pv 22:22; 24:23; 29:25; Jr 1:17; 5:28; Am 5:11; Mi 2:1; 3:1; 7:3; Mt 22:16; Mk 12:14; Lk 20:21; Ac 10:34; Ro 2:11; Ep 6:9; Col 3:25; 1Th 2:4; Jm 2:1, 2, 3, 5, 9; 1P 1:17.
 Dt 4:5, 40; 12:28, 32; Mt 28:20; Ac 20:20, 27.
of sending the spies to search the land,
19 ¶ And when we departedºª from Horeb,º² we went through¹ª²² all² that² greatº and terribleºª wilderness,º which² ye sawºª by the wayº of the mountainº of the Amorites,º as² the LORDº our Godº commandedºª us; and we cameºª to² Kadeshbarnea.º 20 And I saidºª unto² you, Ye are comeºª unto² the mountainº of the Amorites,º which² the LORDº our Godº doth giveºª unto us. 21 Behold,ºª the LORDº thy Godº hath setºª² the landº beforeº thee: go upºª [and] possessºª [it], as² the LORDº Godº of thy fathersº hath saidºª unto thee; fearºª not,² neither² be discouraged.ºª
 Nu 10:12; 13:26; Dt 1:2; 8:15; 32:10; Jr 2:6.
 Dt 1:7.
 Nu 13:30; 14:8; Dt 20:1; Jsh 1:9; Ps 27:1; 46:1, 7, 11; Is 41:10; 43:1; Lk 12:32; He 13:6.
22 ¶ And ye came nearºª unto² me every one² of you, and said,ºª We will sendºª men¹² beforeº us, and they shall search us outºª² the land,º and bringºª us wordº again¹ª² by what² wayº we must go up,ºª and² into² what² citiesº we shall come.ºª 23 And the sayingº pleased me well:ººª and I tookºª twelveºº men¹² of² you, oneº of a tribe:º¹ 24 And they turnedºª and went upºª into the mountain,º and cameºª unto² the valleyº of Eshcol,º and searched it out.ºª² 25 And they tookºª of the fruitº² of the landº in their hands,º and brought [it] downºª unto² us, and broughtºª us wordº again,¹ª and said,ºª [It is] a goodº landº which² the LORDº our Godº doth giveºª us. 26 Notwithstanding ye wouldºª not² go up,ºª but rebelled¹ª against²² the commandmentº of the LORDº your God:º 27 And ye murmuredºª in your tents,º and said,ºª Because the LORDº hatedº us, he hath brought us forthºª out of the landº² of Egypt,º to deliverºª us into the handº of the Amorites,º to destroyºª us. 28 Whither² shall we² go up?ºª our brethrenº have discouragedºª² our heart,º saying,ºª The peopleº [is] greaterº and tallerºª than² we; the citiesº [are] greatº and walled² up¹ª to heaven;º and moreover² we have seenºª the sonsº of the Anakimsº there.² 29 Then I saidºª unto² you, Dreadºª not,² neither² be afraidºª of² them. 30 The LORDº your Godº which goethºª beforeº you, he² shall fightºª for you, according to all² that² he didºª for² you in Egyptº before your eyes;º 31 And in the wilderness,º where² thou hast seenºª how that² the LORDº thy Godº bareºª thee, as² a manº doth bearºª² his son,º in all² the wayº that² ye went,ºª until² ye cameºª into² this² place.º 32 Yet in this² thingº ye did not² believeºª the LORDº your God,º 33 Who wentºª in the wayº beforeº you, to search you outºª a placeº to pitch your tentsºª [in], in fireº by night,º to shewºª you by what² wayº ye should go,¹ª² and in a cloudº by day.º
 Nu 13:1.
 Nu 13:3.
 Nu 13:21; Jsh 2:1.
 Nu 14:1; Ps 106:24; Is 63:10; Ac 7:51.
 Ex 16:3, 8; Nu 14:3; 21:5; Dt 9:28; Mt 25:24; Lk 19:21.
 Ex 15:15; Nu 13:28; Dt 9:1, 2; 20:8; Jsh 2:9, 11, 24; 11:22; 14:8; 15:14; Jg 1:10, 20; 2S 21:16; Is 13:7; Ezk 21:7.
 Dt 1:21.
 Ex 7:1; 14:14, 25; 15:1; Dt 20:1; Jsh 10:42; 1S 17:45; 2Ch 14:11; 32:8; Ne 4:20; Ps 46:11; 78:11, 43; 105:27; Is 8:9; Ro 8:31, 37.
 Ex 16:1; 19:4; Nu 11:11, 14; Dt 32:11; Ne 9:12; Ps 78:14; 105:39; Is 40:11; 46:3; 63:9; Ho 11:3; Ac 13:18.
 2Ch 20:20; Ps 78:22; 106:24; Is 7:9; He 3:12, 18; Jde 1:5.
 Ex 13:21; 14:19, 24; 40:34; Nu 9:15; 10:11, 33; 14:14; Ne 9:12; Ps 77:20; 78:14; 105:39; Is 4:5; Ezk 20:6; Zc 2:5.
of God's anger for their incredulity,
34 And the LORDº heardºª² the voiceº of your words,º and was wroth,ºª and sware,ºª saying,ºª 35 Surely² there shall not oneº of these² men¹² of this² evilº generationº seeºª² that goodº land,º which² I swareºª to giveºª unto your fathers,º 36 Saveº Calebº the sonº of Jephunneh;º he² shall seeºª it, and to him will I giveºª² the landº thatº he hath trodden² upon,¹ª and to his children,º because²² he hath whollyºª followedº the LORD.º 37 Also² the LORDº was angryºª with me for your sakes,º saying,ºª Thou² also² shalt not² go¹ª in² thither.º 38 [But] Joshuaº the sonº of Nun,º which standethºª beforeº thee, he² shall go inºª thither:² encourageºª him: for² he² shall cause² Israelº to inheritºª it. 39 Moreover your little ones,º which² ye saidºª should be² a prey,º and your children,º which² in that dayº had no knowledgeºª² between goodº and evil,º they² shall go inºª thither,² and unto them will I giveºª it, and they² shall possessºª it. 40 But [as for] you,² turnºª you, and take your journeyºª into the wildernessº by the wayº of the Redº sea.º
 Nu 14:22; 32:8; Dt 2:14; Ps 95:11; Ezk 20:15; He 3:8.
 Nu 13:6, 30; 14:24; 26:65; 32:12; 34:19; Jsh 14:6; Jg 1:12.
 Nu 20:12; 27:13; Dt 3:23; 4:21; 34:4; Ps 106:32.
 Ex 17:9; 24:13; 33:11; Nu 13:8, 16; 14:30, 38; 26:65; 27:18; Dt 3:28; 31:7, 14, 23; Jsh 1:1, 6; 1S 16:22; Pv 22:29.
 Nu 14:3, 31; Is 7:15; Jna 4:11; Ro 9:11; Ep 2:3.
 Nu 14:25.
41 Then ye answeredºª and saidºª unto² me, We have sinnedºª against the LORD,º we² will go upºª and fight,ºª according to all² that² the LORDº our Godº commandedºª us. And when ye had girded¹ª on² every manº² his weaponsº of war,º ye were readyºª to go upºª into the hill.º 42 And the LORDº saidºª unto² me, Sayºª unto them, Go not up,ºª² neither² fight;ºª for² I [am] not² amongº you; lest² ye be smittenºª beforeº your enemies.ºª 43 So I spakeºª unto² you; and ye would not² hear,ºª but rebelled¹ª against²² the commandmentº of the LORD,º and went¹ª presumptuously¹ª upºª² into the hill.º 44 And the Amorites,º which dweltºª in that² mountain,º came outºª againstºª you, and chasedºª you, as² beesº do,ºª and destroyedºª you in Seir,º [even] unto² Hormah.º 45 And ye returnedºª and weptºª beforeº the LORD;º but the LORDº would not² hearkenºª to your voice,º nor² give earºª unto² you. 46 So ye abodeºª in Kadeshº manyº days,º according unto the daysº that² ye abodeºª [there].
 Nu 14:39, 40; 22:34; Pv 19:3.
 Lv 26:17; Nu 14:41; Jsh 7:8; 1S 4:2, 10; Is 30:17; 59:1; Ho 9:12.
 Nu 14:44; Is 63:10; Ac 7:51; Ro 8:7.
 Nu 14:45; 21:3; Dt 28:25; 32:30; Ps 118:12; Is 7:18.
 Ps 78:34; He 12:17.
 Nu 14:25, 34; 20:1, 22; Jg 11:16.
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