NASB — James 2 — KJV

The Sin of Partiality

1 aMy brethren, bdo not hold your faith in our cglorious Lord Jesus Christ with [an attitude of] dpersonal favoritism. 2 For if a man comes into your Iassembly with a gold ring and dressed in IIafine clothes, and there also comes in a poor man in bdirty clothes, 3 and you Ipay special attention to the one who is wearing the afine clothes, and say, “You sit here in a good place,” and you say to the poor man, “You stand over there, or sit down by my footstool,” 4 have you not made distinctions among yourselves, and become judges awith evil Imotives? 5 Listen, amy beloved brethren: did not bGod choose the poor Iof this world [to be] crich in faith and dheirs of the kingdom which He epromised to those who love Him? 6 But you have dishonored the poor man. Is it not the rich who oppress you and Ipersonally adrag you into IIcourt? 7 aDo they not blaspheme the fair name Iby which you have been called?

[1] aJm 1:16 bHe 12:2 cAc 7:2; 1Co 2:8 dAc 10:34; Jm 2:9
[2] IOr synagogue IIOr bright aLk 23:11; Jm 2:3 bZc 3:3f
[3] ILit look at aLk 23:11
[4] ILit reasonings aLk 18:6; Jn 7:24
[5] ILit to the aJm 1:16 bJb 34:19; 1Co 1:27f cLk 12:21; Rv 2:9 dMt 5:3; 25:34 eJm 1:12
[6] ILit they themselves IILit courts aAc 8:3; 16:19
[7] ILit which has been called upon you aAc 11:26; 1P 4:16

8 ¶ If, however, you aare fulfilling the Iroyal law according to the Scripture, “bYOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF,” you are doing well. 9 But if you ashow partiality, you are committing sin [and] are convicted by the Ilaw as transgressors. 10 For whoever keeps the whole Ilaw and yet astumbles in one [point], he has become bguilty of all. 11 For He who said, “aDO NOT COMMIT ADULTERY,” also said, “bDO NOT COMMIT MURDER.” Now if you do not commit adultery, but do commit murder, you have become a transgressor of the Ilaw. 12 So speak and so act as those who are to be judged by a[the] law of liberty. 13 For ajudgment [will be] merciless to one who has shown no mercy; mercy Itriumphs over judgment.

[8] IOr law of our King aMt 7:12 bLv 19:18
[9] IOr Law aAc 10:34; Jm 2:1
[10] IOr Law aJm 3:2; 2P 1:10; Jde 24 bMt 5:19; Ga 5:3
[11] IOr Law aEx 20:14; Dt 5:18 bEx 20:13; Dt 5:17
[12] aJm 1:25
[13] ILit boasts against aPv 21:13; Mt 5:7; 18:32-35; Lk 6:37f

Faith and Works

14aWhat use is it, bmy brethren, if someone says he has faith but he has no works? Can Ithat faith save him? 15 aIf a brother or sister is without clothing and in need of daily food, 16 and one of you says to them, “aGo in peace, Ibe warmed and be filled,” and yet you do not give them what is necessary for [their] body, what use is that? 17 Even so afaith, if it has no works, is Idead, [being] by itself.

[14] ILit the aJm 1:22ff bJm 1:16
[15] aMt 25:35f; Lk 3:11
[16] IOr warm yourselves and fill yourselves a1 Jn 3:17f
[17] IOr dead by its own standards aGa 5:6; Jm 2:20, 26

18aBut someone Imay [well] say, “You have faith and I have works; show me your bfaith without the works, and I will cshow you my faith dby my works.” 19 You believe that IaGod is one. bYou do well; cthe demons also believe, and shudder. 20 But are you willing to recognize, ayou foolish fellow, that bfaith without works is useless? 21 aWas not Abraham our father justified by works when he offered up Isaac his son on the altar? 22 You see that afaith was working with his works, and Ias a result of the bworks, faith was IIperfected; 23 and the Scripture was fulfilled which says, “aAND ABRAHAM BELIEVED GOD, AND IT WAS RECKONED TO HIM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS,” and he was called bthe friend of God. 24 You see that a man is justified by works and not by faith alone. 25 In the same way, was not aRahab the harlot also justified by works bwhen she received the messengers and sent them out by another way? 26 For just as the body without [the] spirit is dead, so also afaith without works is dead.

[18] ILit will aRo 9:19 bRo 3:28; 4:6; He 11:33 cJm 3:13 dMt 7:16f; Ga 5:6
[19] IOne early ms reads there is one God aDt 6:4; Mk 12:29 bJm 2:8 cMt 8:29; Mk 1:24; 5:7; Lk 4:34; Ac 19:15
[20] aRo 9:20; 1Co 15:36 bGa 5:6; Jm 2:17, 26
[21] aGn 22:9, 10, 12, 16-18
[22] IOr by the deeds IIOr completed aJn 6:29; He 11:17 b1Th 1:3
[23] aGn 15:6; Ro 4:3 b2Ch 20:7; Is 41:8
[25] aHe 11:31 bJsh 2:4, 6, 15
[26] aGa 5:6; Jm 2:17, 20


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It is not agreeable to Christian profession to regard the rich, and to despise the poor brethren:

1 ¶ My brethren, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, [the Lord] of glory, with respect of persons. 2 For if there come unto your assembly a man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there come in also a poor man in vile raiment; 3 And ye have respect to him that weareth the gay clothing, and say unto him, Sit thou here in a good place; and say to the poor, Stand thou there, or sit here under my footstool: 4 Are ye not then partial in yourselves, and are become judges of evil thoughts? 5 Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him? 6 But ye have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats? 7 Do not they blaspheme that worthy name by the which ye are called? 8 If ye fulfil the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ye do well: 9 But if ye have respect to persons, ye commit sin, and are convinced of the law as transgressors. 10 For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one [point], he is guilty of all. 11 For he that said, Do not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if thou commit no adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a transgressor of the law. 12 So speak ye, and so do, as they that shall be judged by the law of liberty.

[1] Lv 19:15; Dt 1:17; 16:19; 2Ch 19:7; Ps 24:7; Pv 24:23; 28:21; Mt 22:16; Ac 20:21; 24:24; Ro 1:11; 1Co 2:8; Col 1:4; 1Ti 1:19; 5:21; Tit 1:1; 2:13; He 1:3; Jm 2:3, 9; 3:17; 2P 1:1; Jde 1:16; Rv 14:12.
[2] Gn 27:15; Es 3:10; 8:2; Is 64:6; Zc 3:3; Mt 11:8; Lk 15:22.
[3] Is 65:5; Lk 7:44; 2Co 8:9; Jm 2:6; Jde 1:16.
[4] Jb 21:27; 34:19; Ps 58:1; 82:2; 109:31; Mal 2:9; Mt 7:1; Jn 7:24; Jm 1:1; 4:11.
[5] Ex 20:6; Jg 9:7; 1S 2:30; 1K 22:28; Jb 34:10; 38:14; Pv 7:24; 8:17, 32; Is 14:32; 29:19; Zp 3:12; Zc 11:7, 11; Mt 5:3; 11:5; 25:34; Mk 7:14; Lk 6:20; 9:57; 12:21, 32; 16:22, 25; 22:29; Jn 7:48; Ac 7:2; Ro 8:17; 1Co 1:26; 2:9; 3:21; 2Co 4:15; 6:10; 8:9; Ep 1:18; 3:8; 1Th 2:12; 2Th 1:5; 1Ti 6:18; 2Ti 4:8, 18; He 11:26; Jm 1:9, 12; 1P 1:4; 2P 1:11; Rv 2:9; 3:18; 21:7.
[6] 1K 21:11; Jb 20:19; Ps 10:2, 8, 10, 14; 12:5; 14:6; Pv 14:31; 17:5; 22:16; Ec 5:8; 9:15; Is 3:14; 53:3; Am 2:6; 4:1; 5:11; 8:4; Mi 6:11; Hab 3:14; Zc 7:10; Jn 8:49; Ac 4:1, 26; 5:17, 26; 13:50; 16:19; 17:6; 18:12; 1Co 11:22; Jm 2:3; 5:4, 6.
[7] Ps 73:7; 111:9; So 1:3; Is 7:14; 9:6; 65:15; Jr 23:6; Mt 1:23; 12:24; 27:63; Lk 22:64; Ac 4:12; 11:26; 26:11; Ep 3:15; Php 2:9; 1Ti 1:13; Rv 13:5; 19:13, 16.
[8] Lv 19:18, 34; 1K 8:18; 2K 7:9; Jna 4:4, 9; Mt 22:39; 25:21, 23; Mk 12:31; Lk 10:27; Ro 13:8; Ga 5:14; 6:2; Php 4:14; 1Th 4:9; Jm 1:25; 2:12, 19; 1P 2:9.
[9] Lv 19:15; Jn 8:9, 46; 16:8; Ro 3:20; 7:7; 1Co 14:24; Ga 2:19; Jm 2:1; 1Jn 3:4; Jde 1:15.
[10] Dt 27:26; Mt 5:18; Ga 3:10.
[11] Ex 20:13; Lv 4:2, 13, 22; Dt 5:17; Ps 130:3; Mt 5:21; 19:18; Mk 10:19; Lk 18:20; Ro 13:9.
[12] Php 4:8; Col 3:17; Jm 1:25; 2:8; 2P 1:4.

rather we are to be loving and merciful:

13 For he shall have judgment without mercy, that hath shewed no mercy; and mercy rejoiceth against judgment.

[13] Gn 42:21; Jg 1:7; Jb 22:6; Ps 85:10; Pv 21:13; Is 27:11; Jr 9:24; Ezk 33:11; Mi 7:18; Mt 5:7; 6:15; 7:1; 18:28; 25:41; Lk 16:25; Ep 1:6; 2:4; Jm 5:4; 1Jn 4:8, 18.

and not to boast of faith where no deeds are,

14 What [doth it] profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? can faith save him? 15 If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food, 16 And one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be [ye] warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what [doth it] profit?

[14] Jr 7:8; Mt 5:20; 7:21, 26; Lk 6:49; Ac 8:13, 21; 15:9; Ro 2:25; 1Co 13:2, 3; 15:2; 16:22; Ga 5:6, 13; Ep 2:8; 1Th 1:3; 1Ti 1:5; 4:8; Tit 1:16; 3:8; He 11:7, 17; 13:9; Jm 1:22; 2:16, 18, 26; 2P 1:5; 1Jn 5:4.
[15] Jb 31:16; Is 58:7, 10; Ezk 18:7; Mt 25:35; Mk 14:7; Lk 3:11; Ac 9:29; He 11:37; Jm 2:5.
[16] Jb 22:7; Pv 3:27; Mt 14:15; 15:32; 25:42; Ro 12:9; 2Co 8:8; Jm 2:14; 1Jn 3:16.

which is but a dead faith,

17 Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone. 18 Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by my works.

[17] 1Co 13:3, 13; 1Th 1:3; 1Ti 1:5; Jm 2:14, 19, 26; 2P 1:5.
[18] Mt 7:17; Ro 8:1; 14:23; 1Co 13:2; 2Co 5:17; 7:1; Ga 5:6; 1Th 1:3; 1Ti 1:5; Tit 2:7, 11; He 11:6, 31; Jm 2:14, 22; 3:13.

the faith of devils,

19 Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble. 20 But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?

[19] Dt 6:4; Is 43:10; 44:6, 8; 45:6, 21; 46:9; Jna 4:4, 9; Zc 14:9; Mt 8:29; Mk 1:24; 5:7; 7:9; 12:29; Lk 4:34; Jn 17:3; Ac 16:17; 19:15; 24:25; Ro 3:30; 1Co 8:4, 6; Ga 3:20; Ep 4:5; 1Ti 2:5; Jm 2:8; Jde 1:4, 6; Rv 20:2, 10.
[20] Jb 11:11; Ps 94:8; Pv 12:11; Jr 2:5; Ro 1:21; 1Co 15:35; Ga 6:3; Col 2:8; 1Ti 1:6; Tit 1:10; Jm 1:26; 2:14.

not of Abraham,

21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar? 22 Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect? 23 And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God. 24 Ye see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only.

[21] Gn 22:9, 16; Jsh 24:3; Ps 143:2; Is 51:2; Mt 3:9; 12:37; 25:31; Lk 1:73; 16:24, 30; Jn 8:39, 53; Ac 7:2; Ro 3:20; 4:1, 12, 16; Jm 2:18, 24.
[22] Ga 5:6; He 11:17; Jm 2:18; 1Jn 2:5; 4:17.
[23] Gn 15:6; Ex 33:11; 2Ch 20:7; Jb 16:21; Is 41:8; Mk 12:10; 15:28; Lk 4:21; Jn 15:13; Ac 1:16; Ro 4:3, 10, 22; 9:17; 11:2; Ga 3:6, 8, 22; 2Ti 3:16; 1P 2:6.
[24] Ps 60:12; Jm 2:15, 21.

and Rahab.

25 Likewise also was not Rahab the harlot justified by works, when she had received the messengers, and had sent [them] out another way? 26 For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also.

[25] Jsh 2:1, 19; 6:17, 22; Mt 1:5; 21:31; He 11:31; Jm 2:18, 22.
[26] Jb 34:14; Ps 104:29; 146:4; Ec 12:7; Is 2:22; Lk 23:46; Ac 7:59; Jm 2:14, 17, 20.


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