NASB — Proverbs 21 — KJV

On Life and Conduct

  1 The king’s heart is [like] channels of water in the hand of the LORD;
  He aturns it wherever He wishes.
  2 aEvery man’s way is right in his own eyes,
  But the LORD bweighs the hearts.
  3 To do arighteousness and justice
  Is desired by the LORD more than sacrifice.
  4 Haughty eyes and a proud heart,
  The alamp of the wicked, is sin.
  5 The plans of the adiligent [lead] surely to advantage,
  But everyone bwho is hasty [comes] surely to poverty.
  6 The aacquisition of treasures by a lying tongue
  Is a fleeting vapor, the Ipursuit of bdeath.
  7 The violence of the wicked will drag them away,
  Because they arefuse to act with justice.
  8 The way of a guilty man is acrooked,
  But as for the pure, his conduct is upright.
  9 It is better to live in a corner of a roof
  Than Iin a house shared with a contentious woman.
  10 The soul of the wicked desires evil;
  His aneighbor finds no favor in his eyes.
  11 When the ascoffer is punished, the Inaive becomes wise;
  But when the wise is instructed, he receives knowledge.
  12 The righteous one considers the house of the wicked,
  Turning the awicked to ruin.
  13 He who ashuts his ear to the cry of the poor
  Will also cry himself and not be banswered.
  14 A agift in secret subdues anger,
  And a bribe in the bosom, strong wrath.
  15 The exercise of justice is joy for the righteous,
  But is aterror to the workers of iniquity.
  16 A man who wanders from the way of understanding
  Will arest in the assembly of the Idead.
  17 He who aloves pleasure [will become] a poor man;
  He who loves wine and oil will not become rich.
  18 The wicked is a aransom for the righteous,
  And the btreacherous is in the place of the upright.
  19 aIt is better to live in a desert land
  Than with a contentious and vexing woman.
  20 There is precious atreasure and oil in the dwelling of the wise,
  But a foolish man bswallows it up.
  21 He who apursues righteousness and loyalty
  Finds life, righteousness and honor.
  22 A awise man scales the city of the mighty
  And brings down the Istronghold in which they trust.
  23 He who aguards his mouth and his tongue,
  Guards his soul from troubles.
  24 “Proud,” “Haughty,” “aScoffer,” are his names,
  Who acts with binsolent pride.
  25 The adesire of the sluggard puts him to death,
  For his hands refuse to work;
  26 All day long he Iis craving,
  While the righteous agives and does not hold back.
  27 The asacrifice of the wicked is an abomination,
  How much more when he brings it with evil intent!
  28 A afalse witness will perish,
  But the man who listens [to the truth] will speak forever.
  29 A wicked man Iadisplays a bold face,
  But as for the bupright, he makes his way sure.
  30 There is ano wisdom and no understanding
  And no counsel against the LORD.
  31 The ahorse is prepared for the day of battle,
  But bvictory belongs to the LORD.

[1] aEzr 6:22
[2] aPv 16:2 bPv 16:2; 24:12; Lk 16:15
[3] a1S 15:22; Pv 15:8; Is 1:11, 16, 17; Ho 6:6; Mi 6:7, 8
[4] aPv 24:20; Lk 11:34
[5] aPv 10:4; 13:4 bPv 28:22
[6] ILit seekers aPv 13:11; 20:21 bPv 8:36
[7] aAm 5:7; Mi 3:9
[8] aPv 2:15
[9] ILit with a woman of contentions and a house of association
[10] aPs 52:3; Pv 2:14; 14:21
[11] ILit simple aPv 19:25
[12] aPv 14:11
[13] aMt 18:30-34; 1 Jn 3:17 bJm 2:13
[14] aPv 18:16; 19:6
[15] aPv 10:29
[16] ILit departed spirits aPs 49:14
[17] aPv 23:21
[18] aIs 43:3 bPv 11:8
[19] aPv 21:9
[20] aPs 112:3; Pv 8:21; 22:4 bJb 20:15, 18
[21] aPv 15:9; Mt 5:6; 1Co 15:58
[22] ILit strength of trust a2S 5:6-9; Pv 24:5; Ec 7:19; 9:15, 16
[23] aPv 12:13; 13:3; 18:21; Jm 3:2
[24] aPs 1:1; Pv 1:22; 3:34; 24:9; Is 29:20 bIs 16:6; Jr 48:29
[25] aPv 13:4
[26] ILit desires desire aPs 37:26; 112:5, 9; Mt 5:42; Ep 4:28
[27] aPv 15:8; Is 66:3; Jr 6:20; Am 5:22
[28] aPv 19:5, 9
[29] ILit makes firm with his face aEc 8:1 bPs 119:5; Pv 11:5
[30] aJr 9:23; Ac 5:38, 39; 1Co 3:19, 20
[31] aPs 20:7; 33:17; Is 31:1 bPs 3:8; Jr 3:23; 1Co 15:57


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Sundry observations of moral virtues, and their contrary vices (10-24).

1 ¶ The king's heart [is] in the hand of the LORD, [as] the rivers of water: he turneth it whithersoever he will. 2 Every way of a man [is] right in his own eyes: but the LORD pondereth the hearts. 3 To do justice and judgment [is] more acceptable to the LORD than sacrifice. 4 An high look, and a proud heart, [and] the plowing of the wicked, [is] sin. 5 The thoughts of the diligent [tend] only to plenteousness; but of every one [that is] hasty only to want. 6 The getting of treasures by a lying tongue [is] a vanity tossed to and fro of them that seek death. 7 The robbery of the wicked shall destroy them; because they refuse to do judgment. 8 The way of man [is] froward and strange: but [as for] the pure, his work [is] right. 9 [It is] better to dwell in a corner of the housetop, than with a brawling woman in a wide house. 10 The soul of the wicked desireth evil: his neighbour findeth no favour in his eyes. 11 When the scorner is punished, the simple is made wise: and when the wise is instructed, he receiveth knowledge. 12 The righteous [man] wisely considereth the house of the wicked: [but God] overthroweth the wicked for [their] wickedness. 13 Whoso stoppeth his ears at the cry of the poor, he also shall cry himself, but shall not be heard. 14 A gift in secret pacifieth anger: and a reward in the bosom strong wrath. 15 [It is] joy to the just to do judgment: but destruction [shall be] to the workers of iniquity. 16 The man that wandereth out of the way of understanding shall remain in the congregation of the dead. 17 He that loveth pleasure [shall be] a poor man: he that loveth wine and oil shall not be rich. 18 The wicked [shall be] a ransom for the righteous, and the transgressor for the upright. 19 [It is] better to dwell in the wilderness, than with a contentious and an angry woman. 20 [There is] treasure to be desired and oil in the dwelling of the wise; but a foolish man spendeth it up. 21 He that followeth after righteousness and mercy findeth life, righteousness, and honour. 22 A wise [man] scaleth the city of the mighty, and casteth down the strength of the confidence thereof. 23 Whoso keepeth his mouth and his tongue keepeth his soul from troubles. 24 Proud [and] haughty scorner [is] his name, who dealeth in proud wrath. 25 The desire of the slothful killeth him; for his hands refuse to labour. 26 He coveteth greedily all the day long: but the righteous giveth and spareth not. 27 The sacrifice of the wicked [is] abomination: how much more, [when] he bringeth it with a wicked mind? 28 A false witness shall perish: but the man that heareth speaketh constantly. 29 A wicked man hardeneth his face: but [as for] the upright, he directeth his way. 30 [There is] no wisdom nor understanding nor counsel against the LORD. 31 The horse [is] prepared against the day of battle: but safety [is] of the LORD.

[1] Ezr 7:27; Ne 1:11; 2:4; Ps 74:15; 93:4; 105:25; 106:46; 114:3, 5; Pv 16:1, 9; 20:24; Is 43:19; 44:27; Dn 4:35; Ac 7:10; Rv 16:4, 12.
[2] 1S 16:7; Ps 36:2; Pv 16:2, 25; 20:6; 24:12; 30:12; Jr 17:10; Lk 16:15; 18:11; Jn 2:24; Ga 6:3; Jm 1:22; Rv 2:23.
[3] 1S 15:22; Ps 50:8; Pv 15:8; Is 1:11; Jr 7:21; Ho 6:6; Mi 6:6; Mk 12:33.
[4] Ps 10:4; Pv 6:17; 8:13; 15:8; 21:27; 30:13; Is 2:11, 17; 3:16; Lk 18:14; Ro 14:23; 1P 5:5.
[5] Pv 10:4; 13:4; 14:29; 20:21; 27:23; 28:22; Ep 4:28; 1Th 4:11.
[6] Pv 8:36; 10:2; 13:11; 20:14, 21; 22:8; 30:8; Jr 17:11; Ezk 18:31; 1Ti 6:9; Tit 1:11; 2P 2:3.
[7] Ps 7:16; 9:16; Pv 1:18; 10:6; 21:21; 22:22; Is 1:23; Jr 7:9, 15; Ezk 18:18; 22:13; Mi 3:9; Zc 5:3; Ep 5:6.
[8] Gn 6:5, 12; Jb 15:14; Ps 14:2; Pv 15:26; 30:12; Ec 7:29; 9:3; Dn 12:10; Mt 5:8; 12:33; Ac 15:9; 1Co 3:3; Ep 2:2; Tit 1:15; 2:14; 3:3, 5; 1P 1:22; 1Jn 2:29; 3:3.
[9] Pv 12:4; 15:17; 17:1; 19:13; 21:19; 25:24; 27:15.
[10] 1S 25:8; Ps 36:4; 52:2; 112:5, 9; Pv 3:29; 12:12; 21:13; Is 32:6; Mi 3:2; Mk 7:21; 1Co 10:6; Jm 2:13; 4:1; 5:4; 1Jn 2:16.
[11] Nu 16:34; Dt 13:11; 21:21; Ps 64:7; Pv 1:5; 9:9; 15:14; 18:1, 15; 19:25; Ac 5:5, 11; 1Co 10:6; He 2:1; 10:28; Rv 11:13.
[12] Gn 19:29; Jb 5:3; 8:15; 18:14; 21:28; 27:13; Ps 37:35; 52:5; 107:43; Pv 11:3; 13:6; 14:32; Ho 14:9; Am 4:11; Hab 2:9; 1Co 10:5; 2P 2:4; 3:6.
[13] Dt 15:7; Ne 5:1, 13; Ps 18:41; 58:4; Pv 1:28; 28:27; Is 1:15; 58:6; Jr 34:16; Zc 7:9, 11; Mt 6:14; 7:2; 18:30; 25:41; Lk 13:25; Ac 7:57; Jm 2:13.
[14] Gn 32:20; 43:11; 1S 25:35; Pv 17:8, 23; 18:16; 19:6; Mt 6:3.
[15] Jb 29:12; Ps 40:8; 112:1; 119:16, 92; Pv 5:20; 10:29; 21:12; Ec 3:12; Is 64:5; Mt 7:23; 13:41; Lk 13:27; Jn 4:34; Ro 7:22.
[16] Ps 125:5; Pv 2:18; 7:26; 9:18; 13:20; Zp 1:6; Jn 3:19; Ep 2:1; He 6:4; 10:26, 38; 2P 2:21; 1Jn 2:19; Jde 1:12.
[17] Pv 5:10; 21:20; 23:21; Lk 15:13; 16:24; 1Ti 5:6; 2Ti 3:4.
[18] Pv 11:8; Is 43:3; 53:4; 55:8; 1P 3:18.
[19] Ps 55:6; 120:5; Pv 21:9; Jr 9:2.
[20] Ps 23:5; 112:3; Pv 10:22; 15:6; Ec 5:19; 7:11; 10:19; Jr 41:8; Mt 6:19; 25:3, 8; Lk 6:45; 15:14; 16:1, 19.
[21] Pv 15:9; 22:4; Is 51:1; Ho 6:3; Mt 5:6; Ro 2:7; 14:19; 1Co 15:58; Php 3:12; 1Th 5:21; 1Ti 6:11; 2Ti 2:22; 4:7; He 12:14; 1P 1:7.
[22] 2S 20:16; Ec 7:19; 9:13.
[23] Pv 10:19; 12:13; 13:3; 17:27; 18:21; Jm 1:26; 3:2.
[24] Es 3:5; Pv 6:17; 16:18; 18:12; 19:29; Ec 7:8; Mt 2:16.
[25] Pv 6:6; 12:24, 27; 13:4; 15:19; 19:24; 20:4; 22:13; 24:30; 26:13, 16; Mt 25:26.
[26] Ps 37:26; 112:9; Lk 6:30; Ac 20:33, 35; 2Co 8:7; 9:9; 1Th 2:5.
[27] 1S 13:12; 15:21; Ps 50:8; Pv 15:8; 28:9; Is 1:11; 66:3; Jr 6:20; 7:11; Am 5:21; Mt 23:14.
[28] Ex 23:1; Dt 19:16; Pv 6:19; 12:19; 19:5, 9; 25:18; Ac 12:15; 2Co 1:17; 4:13; Tit 3:8.
[29] Ps 119:59; Pv 11:5; 28:14; 29:1; Jr 3:2; 5:3; 8:12; 44:16; Ezk 18:28; Hg 1:5, 7; 2:15, 18; Lk 15:17; 1Th 3:11.
[30] Pv 19:21; Is 7:5; 8:9; 14:27; 46:10; Jr 9:23; Jna 1:13; Ac 4:27; 5:39; 1P 2:8.
[31] Ps 3:3, 8; 20:7; 33:17; 68:20; 144:10; 147:10; Ec 9:11; Is 31:1.


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