NASB — Ecclesiastes 9 — KJV

Men Are in the Hand of God

1 For I have taken all this to my heart and explain Iit that righteous men, wise men, and their deeds are ain the hand of God. bMan does not know whether [it will be] clove or hatred; anything IIawaits him.

[1] ILit all this IILit is before them aDt 33:3; Jb 12:10; Ps 119:109 bEc 10:14 cEc 9:6

2aIt is the same for all. There is bone fate for the righteous and for the wicked; for the good, for the clean and for the unclean; for the man who offers a sacrifice and for the one who does not sacrifice. As the good man is, so is the sinner; as the swearer is, so is the one who Iis afraid to swear. 3 This is an evil in all that is done under the sun, that there is aone fate for all men. Furthermore, bthe hearts of the sons of men are full of evil and cinsanity is in their hearts throughout their lives. Afterwards they [go] to the dead. 4 For whoever is joined with all the living, there is hope; surely a live dog is better than a dead lion. 5 For the living know they will die; but the dead ado not know anything, nor have they any longer a reward, for their bmemory is forgotten. 6 Indeed their love, their hate and their zeal have already perished, and they will no longer have a ashare in all that is done under the sun.

[2] ILit fears an oath aJb 9:22; Ec 9:11 bEc 2:14; 3:19; 6:6; 7:2
[3] aEc 9:2; Jr 17:10 bEc 8:11 cEc 1:17
[5] aJb 14:21 bPs 88:12; Ec 1:11; 2:16; 8:10; Is 26:14
[6] aEc 2:10; 3:22

7 ¶ Go [then], aeat your bread in happiness and drink your wine with a cheerful heart; for God has already approved your works. 8 Let your aclothes be white all the time, and let not boil be lacking on your head. 9 Enjoy life with the woman whom you love all the days of your Iafleeting life which He has given to you under the sunII; for this is your breward in life and in your toil in which you have labored under the sun.

[7] aEc 2:24; 8:15
[8] aRv 3:4 bPs 23:5
[9] ILit life of vanity IIHeb adds all the days of your vanity aEc 6:12; 7:15 bEc 2:10

Whatever Your Hand Finds to Do

10 ¶ Whatever your hand finds to do, ado [it] with [all] your might; for there is no bactivity or planning or knowledge or wisdom in cSheol where you are going.

[10] aEc 11:6; Ro 12:11; Col 3:23 bEc 9:5 cGn 37:35; Jb 21:13; Is 38:10

11 ¶ I again saw under the sun that the arace is not to the swift and the bbattle is not to the warriors, and neither is bread to the wise nor cwealth to the discerning nor favor to men of ability; for time and dchance overtake them all. 12 Moreover, man does not aknow his time: like fish caught in a treacherous net and bbirds trapped in a snare, so the sons of men are censnared at an evil time when it dsuddenly falls on them.

[11] aAm 2:14, 15 b2Ch 20:15; Ps 76:5; Zc 4:6 cDt 8:17, 18 d1S 6:9
[12] aEc 8:7 bPv 7:23 cPv 29:6; Is 24:18; Ho 9:8 dLk 21:34, 35

13 ¶ Also this I came to see as wisdom under the sun, and Iit impressed me. 14 There awas a small city with few men in it and a great king came to it, surrounded it and constructed large siegeworks against it. 15 But there was found in it a apoor wise man and he Idelivered the city bby his wisdom. Yet cno one remembered that poor man. 16 So I said, “aWisdom is better than strength.” But the wisdom of the poor man is despised and his words are not heeded. 17 The awords of the wise heard in quietness are [better] than the shouting of a ruler among fools. 18 aWisdom is better than weapons of war, but bone sinner destroys much good.

[13] ILit great it was to me
[14] a2S 20:16-22
[15] IOr might have delivered aEc 4:13 b2S 20:22 cEc 2:16; 8:10
[16] aPv 21:22; Ec 7:12, 19
[17] aEc 7:5; 10:12
[18] aEc 9:16 bJsh 7:1-26; 2K 21:2-17


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Like things happen to good and bad.

1 ¶ For all this I considered in my heart even to declare all this, that the righteous, and the wise, and their works, [are] in the hand of God: no man knoweth either love or hatred [by] all [that is] before them. 2 All [things come] alike to all: [there is] one event to the righteous, and to the wicked; to the good and to the clean, and to the unclean; to him that sacrificeth, and to him that sacrificeth not: as [is] the good, so [is] the sinner; [and] he that sweareth, as [he] that feareth an oath. 3 This [is] an evil among all [things] that are done under the sun, that [there is] one event unto all: yea, also the heart of the sons of men is full of evil, and madness [is] in their heart while they live, and after that [they go] to the dead.

[1] Dt 33:3; 1S 2:9; 2S 15:25; Jb 5:8; Ps 10:14; 31:5; 37:5; 73:3, 11; Pv 16:3; Ec 1:17; 7:15, 25; 8:14, 16; 12:9; Is 26:12; 49:1; Jr 1:18; Mal 3:15; Jn 10:27; 1Co 3:5; 2Ti 1:12; 1P 1:5.
[2] Gn 24:3, 8; Jsh 2:17; 1S 14:26; Jb 21:7; Ps 73:3; Ec 2:14, 26; 7:18; 8:12; Ezk 17:18; Zc 5:3; Mal 3:5, 15, 18.
[3] Gn 6:5; 8:21; Jb 15:16; Ps 51:5; Pv 14:32; Ec 1:17; 7:25; 8:11; 12:7; Jr 17:9; Mt 15:19; Mk 7:21; Lk 6:11; 15:17; Ac 12:23; 26:11, 24; Ro 1:29; Tit 3:3; 2P 2:16.

There is a necessity of death unto men.

4 ¶ For to him that is joined to all the living there is hope: for a living dog is better than a dead lion. 5 For the living know that they shall die: but the dead know not any thing, neither have they any more a reward; for the memory of them is forgotten. 6 Also their love, and their hatred, and their envy, is now perished; neither have they any more a portion for ever in any [thing] that is done under the sun.

[4] Jb 14:7; 27:8; Is 38:18; Lm 3:21; Lk 16:26.
[5] Jb 7:8; 14:21; 30:23; Ps 6:5; 88:10; 109:15; Ec 2:16; 7:2; 8:10; Is 26:14; 63:16; He 9:27.
[6] Ex 1:8; Jb 3:17; Ps 146:3; Pv 10:28; Ec 2:18; 6:12; Mt 2:20.

Comfort is all their portion in this life.

7 ¶ Go thy way, eat thy bread with joy, and drink thy wine with a merry heart; for God now accepteth thy works. 8 Let thy garments be always white; and let thy head lack no ointment. 9 Live joyfully with the wife whom thou lovest all the days of the life of thy vanity, which he hath given thee under the sun, all the days of thy vanity: for that [is] thy portion in [this] life, and in thy labour which thou takest under the sun. 10 Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do [it] with thy might; for [there is] no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest.

[7] Gn 4:4; 12:19; Ex 24:8; Dt 12:7, 12; 16:14; 1K 8:66; 1Ch 16:1; 29:21; 2Ch 30:23; Ne 8:10; Ec 2:24; 3:12; 5:18; 8:15; 10:19; Mk 7:29; Lk 11:41; Jn 4:50; Ac 10:35.
[8] Ru 3:3; 2S 14:2; 19:24; Es 8:15; Dn 10:3; Am 6:6; Mt 6:17; Lk 7:46; Rv 3:4; 7:9, 13; 16:15; 19:8, 14.
[9] Ps 39:5; 144:4; Pv 5:18; 18:22; 19:14; Ec 2:10, 24; 3:13, 22; 5:18; 6:12; Mal 2:15.
[10] Nu 13:30; 1Ch 22:19; 28:20; 29:2; 2Ch 31:20; Ezr 6:14; Ne 2:12; 3:1; 4:2, 6, 9, 17; 13:8; Jb 14:7; Ps 6:5; 71:15; 88:10; Ec 9:5; 11:3; Is 38:18; Jr 29:13; Mt 6:33; Jn 4:34; 9:4; Ac 20:25; Ro 12:11; 15:18; 1Co 9:24, 26; 15:10; 16:10; Ep 5:16; Col 3:23; 2P 1:12.

God's providence ruleth over all.

11 ¶ I returned, and saw under the sun, that the race [is] not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, neither yet bread to the wise, nor yet riches to men of understanding, nor yet favour to men of skill; but time and chance happeneth to them all. 12 For man also knoweth not his time: as the fishes that are taken in an evil net, and as the birds that are caught in the snare; so [are] the sons of men snared in an evil time, when it falleth suddenly upon them.

[11] 1S 2:3; 17:50; 2S 2:18; 17:14, 23; Jb 5:11; 34:29; Ps 33:16; 73:6; 147:10; Pv 21:30; Ec 2:12, 14; 3:14, 17; 4:1, 4; 7:13; Jr 9:23; 46:6; Lm 3:37; Dn 4:35; Am 2:14; Mal 3:18; Ep 1:11.
[12] Jb 18:8; Ps 11:6; 73:18; Pv 6:15; 7:22; 29:6; Ec 8:5, 11; Is 30:13; Hab 1:14; Lk 12:20, 39; 17:26; 19:42; 21:34; 2Co 6:2; 1Th 5:3; 2Ti 2:26; 1P 2:12; 2P 2:12.

Wisdom is better than strength.

13 ¶ This wisdom have I seen also under the sun, and it [seemed] great unto me: 14 [There was] a little city, and few men within it; and there came a great king against it, and besieged it, and built great bulwarks against it: 15 Now there was found in it a poor wise man, and he by his wisdom delivered the city; yet no man remembered that same poor man. 16 Then said I, Wisdom [is] better than strength: nevertheless the poor man's wisdom [is] despised, and his words are not heard. 17 The words of wise [men are] heard in quiet more than the cry of him that ruleth among fools. 18 Wisdom [is] better than weapons of war: but one sinner destroyeth much good.

[13] Ec 6:1; 7:15; 8:16; 9:11.
[14] 2S 20:15; 2K 6:24; 7:1.
[15] Gn 40:23; Es 6:2.
[16] Pv 10:15; 21:22; 24:5; Ec 7:19; 9:18; Mk 6:2; Jn 7:47; 9:24; 1Co 1:26; Jm 2:2.
[17] Gn 41:33; 1S 7:3; Pv 28:23; Is 42:2, 4; Jm 1:20; 3:17.
[18] Jsh 7:1, 5, 11; 22:20; 1S 14:28, 36; 2S 20:1; Ec 9:16; 2Th 2:8; 2Ti 2:16; 3:8; 4:3; Tit 1:10; He 12:15.


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