NASB — Ecclesiastes 6 — KJV

The Futility of Life

1 There is an aevil which I have seen under the sun and it is prevalent Iamong men2 a man to whom God has agiven riches and wealth and honor so that his soul blacks nothing of all that he desires; yet God has not empowered him to eat from them, for a foreigner Ienjoys them. This is IIvanity and a severe affliction. 3 If a man fathers a hundred [children] and lives many years, however many Ithey be, but his soul is not satisfied with good things and he does not even have a [proper] aburial, [then] I say, “Better bthe miscarriage than he, 4 for it comes in futility and goes into obscurity; and its name is covered in obscurity. 5 It never sees the sun and it never knows [anything]; Iit is better off than he. 6 Even if the [other] man lives a thousand years twice and does not Ienjoy good thingsado not all go to one place?”

[1] ILit upon aEc 5:13
[2] ILit eats from them IIOr futility a1K 3:13 bPs 17:14; 73:7; Ec 2:10
[3] ILit the days of his years aIs 14:20; Jr 8:2; 22:19 bJb 3:16; Ec 4:3
[5] ILit more rest has this one than that
[6] ILit see aEc 2:14

7aAll a man’s labor is for his mouth and yet the Iappetite is not IIsatisfied. 8 For awhat advantage does the wise man have over the fool? What [advantage] does the poor man have, knowing [how] to walk before the living? 9 What the eyes asee is better than what the soul Idesires. This too is bfutility and a striving after wind.

[7] ILit soul IILit filled aPv 16:26
[8] aEc 2:15
[9] ILit goes after aEc 11:9 bEc 1:14

10 ¶ Whatever aexists has already been named, and it is known what man is; for he bcannot dispute with him who is stronger than he is. 11 For there are many words which increase futility. What [then] is the advantage to a man? 12 For who knows what is good for a man during [his] lifetime, [during] the few Iyears of his futile life? He will IIspend them like a shadow. For who can tell a man awhat will be after him under the sun?

[10] aEc 1:9; 3:15 bJb 9:32; 40:2; Pv 21:30; Is 45:9
[12] ILit days IILit do aEc 3:22


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The vanity of riches without use.

1 ¶ There is an evil which I have seen under the sun, and it [is] common among men: 2 A man to whom God hath given riches, wealth, and honour, so that he wanteth nothing for his soul of all that he desireth, yet God giveth him not power to eat thereof, but a stranger eateth it: this [is] vanity, and it [is] an evil disease.

[1] Ec 5:13.
[2] Dt 8:7; 28:33, 43; Jg 18:10; 1K 3:13; 1Ch 29:25, 28; 2Ch 1:11; Jb 21:9; Ps 17:14; 39:6; 73:7; Ec 2:4; 4:4, 8; 5:16, 19; Lm 5:2; Dn 5:18; Ho 7:9; Lk 12:19.

Of children,

3 ¶ If a man beget an hundred [children], and live many years, so that the days of his years be many, and his soul be not filled with good, and also [that] he have no burial; I say, [that] an untimely birth [is] better than he. 4 For he cometh in with vanity, and departeth in darkness, and his name shall be covered with darkness. 5 Moreover he hath not seen the sun, nor known [any thing]: this hath more rest than the other.

[3] Gn 33:5; 47:9; 1S 2:20; 2K 9:35; 10:1; 1Ch 28:5; 2Ch 11:21; Es 5:11; 7:10; 9:14; Jb 3:16; Ps 58:8; 127:4; Pv 17:6; Ec 4:3; 5:17; Is 14:19; Jr 22:19; 36:30; Mt 26:24.
[4] Ps 109:13.
[5] Jb 3:10; 14:1; Ps 58:8; 90:7.

and old age without riches.

6 ¶ Yea, though he live a thousand years twice [told], yet hath he seen no good: do not all go to one place? 7 All the labour of man [is] for his mouth, and yet the appetite is not filled. 8 For what hath the wise more than the fool? what hath the poor, that knoweth to walk before the living?

[6] Gn 5:5, 23; Jb 1:21; 7:7; 30:23; Ps 4:6; 34:12; Ec 3:20; 6:3; 12:7; Is 65:20, 22; Jr 17:6; He 9:27.
[7] Gn 3:17; Pv 16:26; Ec 5:10; 6:3; Mt 6:25; Lk 12:19; Jn 6:27; 1Ti 6:6.
[8] Gn 17:1; Ps 101:2; 116:9; Pv 19:1; Ec 2:14; 5:11; Lk 1:6; 1Ti 6:17.

The vanity of sight and wandering desires.

9 ¶ Better [is] the sight of the eyes than the wandering of the desire: this [is] also vanity and vexation of spirit. 10 That which hath been is named already, and it is known that it [is] man: neither may he contend with him that is mightier than he.

[9] Jb 31:7; Pv 30:15; Ec 1:2, 14; 2:11, 22, 24; 3:12; 4:4; 5:18; 6:2; Jr 2:20.
[10] Gn 3:9, 17; Jb 9:3, 32; 14:1; 33:13; 40:2; Ps 39:6; 82:6; 103:15; Ec 1:9; 3:15; Is 45:9; Jr 49:19; Ro 9:19.

The conclusion of vanities.

11 ¶ Seeing there be many things that increase vanity, what [is] man the better? 12 For who knoweth what [is] good for man in [this] life, all the days of his vain life which he spendeth as a shadow? for who can tell a man what shall be after him under the sun?

[11] Ps 73:6; Ec 1:6, 17; 2:3; 3:19; 4:1, 8, 16; 5:7; Ho 12:1.
[12] 1Ch 29:15; Jb 8:9; 14:2, 21; Ps 4:6; 16:5; 17:15; 39:5; 47:4; 89:47; 90:10; 102:11; 109:23; 144:4; Ec 2:3; 3:22; 8:7, 13; 9:6; 12:13; Lm 3:24; Mi 6:8; Jm 4:14.


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