NASB — 1 Kings 3 — KJV

Solomon’s Rule Consolidated

1 Then aSolomon Iformed a marriage alliance with Pharaoh king of Egypt, and took Pharaoh’s daughter band brought her to the city of David cuntil he had finished building his own house and the house of the LORD and dthe wall around Jerusalem. 2 aThe people were still sacrificing on the high places, because there was no house built for the name of the LORD until those days.

[1] ILit made himself a son-in-law of Pharaoh a1K 7:8; 9:16, 24; 2Ch 8:11 b1K 9:24 c1K 7:1; 9:10 d1K 9:15
[2] aLv 17:3-5; Dt 12:2, 13, 14; 1K 22:43

3 ¶ Now aSolomon loved the LORD, bwalking in the statutes of his father David, except he sacrificed and burned incense on the high places. 4 aThe king went to bGibeon to sacrifice there, cfor that was the great high place; Solomon offered a thousand burnt offerings on that altar. 5 aIn Gibeon the LORD appeared to Solomon bin a dream at night; and God said, “cAsk what [you wish] Me to give you.”

[3] aDt 6:5; 10:12, 13; 11:13; 30:16; Ps 31:23; 145:20; 1Co 8:3 b1K 2:3; 9:4; 11:4, 6, 38
[4] a2Ch 1:3 bJsh 18:21-25 c1Ch 16:39; 21:29
[5] a1K 9:2; 11:9 bNu 12:6; Mt 1:20; 2:13 cJn 15:7

Solomon’s Prayer

6 Then Solomon said, “aYou have shown great lovingkindness to Your servant David my father, baccording as he walked before You in Itruth and righteousness and uprightness of heart toward You; and cYou have IIreserved for him this great lovingkindness, that You have given him a son to sit on his throne, as [it is] this day. 7 Now, O LORD my God, aYou have made Your servant king in place of my father David, yet bI am but a little child; cI do not know how to go out or come in. 8 aYour servant is in the midst of Your people which You have chosen, ba great people who are too many to be numbered or counted. 9 So agive Your servant Ian understanding heart to judge Your people bto discern between good and evil. For who is able to judge this IIgreat people of Yours?”

[6] IOr faithfulness IILit kept a2S 7:8-17; 2Ch 1:8 b1K 9:4 c1K 1:48
[7] a1Ch 22:9-13 b1Ch 29:1; Jr 1:6, 7 cNu 27:17
[8] aEx 19:6; Dt 7:6 bGn 15:5; 22:17
[9] ILit a hearing IILit heavy a2Ch 1:10; Ps 72:1, 2; Pv 2:3-9; Jm 1:5 b2S 14:17; He 5:14

God’s Answer

10IIt was pleasing in the sight of the Lord that Solomon had asked this thing. 11 God said to him, “Because you have asked this thing and have anot asked for yourself Ilong life, nor have asked riches for yourself, nor have you asked for the life of your enemies, but have asked for yourself IIdiscernment to understand justice, 12 behold, aI have done according to your words. Behold, bI have given you a wise and discerning heart, so that there has been no one like you before you, nor shall one like you arise after you. 13 aI have also given you what you have not asked, both briches and honor, so that there will not be any among the kings like you all your days. 14 aIf you walk in My ways, keeping My statutes and commandments, as your father David walked, then I will bprolong your days.”

[10] ILit the thing
[11] ILit many days IILit hearing aJm 4:3
[12] a1 Jn 5:14, 15 b1K 4:29-31; 5:12; 10:23, 24; Ec 1:16
[13] a1K 4:21-24; 10:23, 27; Mt 6:33; Ep 3:20 bPv 3:16
[14] a1K 3:6 bPs 91:16; Pv 3:2

15 ¶ Then aSolomon awoke, and behold, it was a dream. And he came to Jerusalem and stood before the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and offered burnt offerings and made peace offerings, and bmade a feast for all his servants.

[15] aGn 41:7 b1K 8:65

Solomon Wisely Judges

16 ¶ Then two women who were harlots came to the king and stood before him. 17 The one woman said, “Oh, my lord, Ithis woman and I live in the same house; and I gave birth to a child while she [was] in the house. 18 It happened on the third day after I gave birth, that this woman also gave birth to a child, and we were together. There was no stranger with us in the house, only the two of us in the house. 19 This woman’s son died in the night, because she lay on it. 20 So she arose in the middle of the night and took my son from beside me while your maidservant slept, and laid him in her bosom, and laid her dead son in my bosom. 21 When I rose in the morning to nurse my son, behold, he was dead; but when I looked at him carefully in the morning, behold, he was not my son, whom I had borne.” 22 Then the other woman said, “No! For the living one is my son, and the dead one is your son.” But Ithe first woman said, “No! For the dead one is your son, and the living one is my son.” Thus they spoke before the king.

[17] ILit I and this woman
[22] ILit this one was saying

23 ¶ Then the king said, “IThe one says, ‘This is my son who is living, and your son is the dead one’; and Ithe other says, ‘No! For your son is the dead one, and my son is the living one.’” 24 The king said, “Get me a sword.” So they brought a sword before the king. 25 The king said, “Divide the living child in two, and give half to the one and half to the other.” 26 Then the woman whose child [was] the living one spoke to the king, for Iashe was deeply stirred over her son and said, “Oh, my lord, give her the living child, and by no means kill him.” But the other said, “He shall be neither mine nor yours; divide [him]!” 27 Then the king said, “Give Ithe first woman the living child, and by no means kill him. She is his mother.” 28 When all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had Ihanded down, they feared the king, for athey saw that the wisdom of God was in him to IIadminister justice.

[23] ILit this one
[26] ILit her compassion grew warm aGn 43:30; Is 49:15; Jr 31:20; Ho 11:8
[27] ILit her the living child
[28] ILit judged IILit do a1K 3:9, 11, 12; Dn 1:17; Col 2:2, 3

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Solomon marrieth Pharaoh's daughter.

1 ¶ And Solomon made affinity with Pharaoh king of Egypt, and took Pharaoh's daughter, and brought her into the city of David, until he had made an end of building his own house, and the house of the LORD, and the wall of Jerusalem round about.

[1] 2S 5:7; 1K 6:1; 7:1, 8, 13; 9:15, 24; 11:1; 1Ch 11:7; 2Ch 2:1; 18:1; Ezr 5:11; 9:14.

High places being in use, Solomon sacrificeth at Gibeon.

2 Only the people sacrificed in high places, because there was no house built unto the name of the LORD, until those days. 3 And Solomon loved the LORD, walking in the statutes of David his father: only he sacrificed and burnt incense in high places. 4 And the king went to Gibeon to sacrifice there; for that [was] the great high place: a thousand burnt offerings did Solomon offer upon that altar.

[2] Lv 17:3; 26:30; Dt 12:2; 1K 5:3; 22:43; 1Ch 17:4; 28:3; 2Ch 1:3; 33:17; Ac 7:47.
[3] Dt 6:5; 10:12; 30:6, 16, 20; 2S 12:24; 1K 2:3; 3:6, 14; 11:34; 15:3, 14; 22:43; 2K 12:3; 14:4; 15:4, 35; 18:4, 22; 1Ch 28:8; 2Ch 17:3; Ps 31:23; Mt 22:37; Mk 12:29; Jn 14:15, 21; Ro 8:28; 1Co 8:3; Jm 1:12; 2:5; 1Jn 4:19; 5:2.
[4] Jsh 9:3; 10:2; 1K 8:63; 9:2; 1Ch 16:39; 21:29; 2Ch 1:3, 6, 7; 7:5; 29:32; 30:24; Is 40:16; Mi 6:6.

Solomon at Gibeon, in the choice which God gave him, preferring wisdom, obtaineth wisdom, riches and honour.

5 ¶ In Gibeon the LORD appeared to Solomon in a dream by night: and God said, Ask what I shall give thee. 6 And Solomon said, Thou hast shewed unto thy servant David my father great mercy, according as he walked before thee in truth, and in righteousness, and in uprightness of heart with thee; and thou hast kept for him this great kindness, that thou hast given him a son to sit on his throne, as [it is] this day. 7 And now, O LORD my God, thou hast made thy servant king instead of David my father: and I [am but] a little child: I know not [how] to go out or come in. 8 And thy servant [is] in the midst of thy people which thou hast chosen, a great people, that cannot be numbered nor counted for multitude. 9 Give therefore thy servant an understanding heart to judge thy people, that I may discern between good and bad: for who is able to judge this thy so great a people? 10 And the speech pleased the Lord, that Solomon had asked this thing. 11 And God said unto him, Because thou hast asked this thing, and hast not asked for thyself long life; neither hast asked riches for thyself, nor hast asked the life of thine enemies; but hast asked for thyself understanding to discern judgment; 12 Behold, I have done according to thy words: lo, I have given thee a wise and an understanding heart; so that there was none like thee before thee, neither after thee shall any arise like unto thee. 13 And I have also given thee that which thou hast not asked, both riches, and honour: so that there shall not be any among the kings like unto thee all thy days. 14 And if thou wilt walk in my ways, to keep my statutes and my commandments, as thy father David did walk, then I will lengthen thy days. 15 And Solomon awoke; and, behold, [it was] a dream. And he came to Jerusalem, and stood before the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and offered up burnt offerings, and offered peace offerings, and made a feast to all his servants.

[5] Gn 28:12; Nu 12:6; 1K 9:2; 2Ch 1:7; Jb 33:14; Mt 1:20; 2:13, 19; 7:7; Mk 10:36, 38; 11:24; Jn 14:13; 15:16; Jm 1:5; 1Jn 5:14.
[6] Nu 12:7; 2S 7:5, 8; 12:7; 22:47; 1K 1:48; 2:4; 9:4; 15:5; 2K 20:3; 1Ch 29:12; Ps 13:6; 15:2; 18:20; 78:70; 116:7; 119:17; 2Co 9:5, 11.
[7] Nu 27:17; Dt 31:2; 1S 18:16; 2S 5:2; 1Ch 29:1; Jb 32:6; Ps 121:8; Ec 10:16; Jr 1:6; Dn 2:21; 4:25, 32; 5:18, 21; Mt 18:3; Jn 10:3, 9.
[8] Gn 13:16; 15:5; 22:17; Ex 19:5; Dt 7:6; 1S 12:22; 1Ch 21:2, 5; 27:23; Ps 78:71.
[9] Ex 3:11; 4:10; 2S 14:17; 1K 3:28; 1Ch 22:12; 29:19; 2Ch 1:10; Ps 72:1; 119:34, 73, 144; Pv 2:3; 3:13; 14:8; 16:16; 20:12; Ec 7:11, 19; 9:15; Is 11:2; Jr 1:6; Mt 3:11, 14; Jn 5:30; 1Co 2:14; 2Co 2:16; 3:5; Ep 5:17; Php 1:10; He 5:14; Jm 1:5; 3:17.
[10] Pv 15:8.
[11] 1K 3:9; Ps 4:6; Pv 16:31; Mt 20:21; Ro 8:26; Jm 4:2.
[12] 1K 2:6, 9; 3:28; 4:29; 5:12; 10:3, 23; 2Ch 1:11; 2:12; 9:5; Ps 10:17; Ec 1:13, 16; Is 65:24; Mt 12:42; Lk 21:15; Ro 8:26; Col 2:3; 1Jn 5:14.
[13] 1K 4:21; 10:23; Ps 84:11; Pv 3:16; Mt 6:33; Ro 8:32; 1Co 3:22; Ep 3:20.
[14] Dt 5:16; 25:15; 1K 2:3; 3:3; 9:4; 15:5; 1Ch 22:12; 28:9; 2Ch 7:17; 17:3; 29:2; 34:2; Ps 21:4; 91:16; 132:12; Pv 3:2, 16; Zc 3:7; Ac 13:22; 1Ti 4:8.
[15] Gn 31:54; 40:20; 41:7; Lv 3:1; 7:11; 2S 6:17, 18; 1K 8:63, 65; 1Ch 16:1; 2Ch 7:5, 7; 30:22; Es 1:3; Jr 31:26; Dn 5:1; Mk 6:21.

Solomon's judgment between the two harlots maketh him renowned.

16 ¶ Then came there two women, [that were] harlots, unto the king, and stood before him. 17 And the one woman said, O my lord, I and this woman dwell in one house; and I was delivered of a child with her in the house. 18 And it came to pass the third day after that I was delivered, that this woman was delivered also: and we [were] together; [there was] no stranger with us in the house, save we two in the house. 19 And this woman's child died in the night; because she overlaid it. 20 And she arose at midnight, and took my son from beside me, while thine handmaid slept, and laid it in her bosom, and laid her dead child in my bosom. 21 And when I rose in the morning to give my child suck, behold, it was dead: but when I had considered it in the morning, behold, it was not my son, which I did bear. 22 And the other woman said, Nay; but the living [is] my son, and the dead [is] thy son. And this said, No; but the dead [is] thy son, and the living [is] my son. Thus they spake before the king. 23 Then said the king, The one saith, This [is] my son that liveth, and thy son [is] the dead: and the other saith, Nay; but thy son [is] the dead, and my son [is] the living. 24 And the king said, Bring me a sword. And they brought a sword before the king. 25 And the king said, Divide the living child in two, and give half to the one, and half to the other. 26 Then spake the woman whose the living child [was] unto the king, for her bowels yearned upon her son, and she said, O my lord, give her the living child, and in no wise slay it. But the other said, Let it be neither mine nor thine, [but] divide [it]. 27 Then the king answered and said, Give her the living child, and in no wise slay it: she [is] the mother thereof. 28 And all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had judged; and they feared the king: for they saw that the wisdom of God [was] in him, to do judgment.

[16] Ex 18:13, 16; Lv 19:29; Nu 27:2; Dt 23:17; Jsh 2:1; Jg 11:1.
[17] Gn 43:20; Ro 13:7.
[20] 1K 3:21; Jb 24:13; Ps 139:11; Mt 13:25; Jn 3:20.
[21] Gn 21:7; 1S 1:23; Lm 4:3.
[22] 1K 3:23.
[25] 1K 3:28; Pv 25:8.
[26] Gn 43:30; Ps 39:3; Is 49:15; Jr 31:20; Ho 11:8; Ro 1:31; Php 1:8; 2:1; 2Ti 3:3; 1Jn 3:17.
[28] Ex 14:31; Jsh 4:14; 1S 12:18; 1K 3:9; 1Ch 29:24; Ezr 7:25; Ps 72:2, 4; Pv 24:21; Ec 7:19; Dn 2:21, 47; 5:11; 1Co 1:24, 30; Col 2:3.

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