NASB — Job 33 — KJV

Elihu Claims to Speak for God

  1 “However now, Job, please ahear my speech,
  And listen to all my words.
  2 “Behold now, I open my mouth,
  My tongue in my Imouth speaks.
  3 “My words are [from] the uprightness of my heart,
  And my lips speak aknowledge sincerely.
  4 “The aSpirit of God has made me,
  And the bbreath of Ithe Almighty gives me life.
  5aRefute me if you can;
  Array yourselves before me, take your stand.
  6 “Behold, I belong to God like you;
  I too have been Iformed out of the aclay.
  7 “Behold, ano fear of me should terrify you,
  Nor should my pressure weigh heavily on you.

[1] aJb 13:6
[2] ILit palate
[3] aJb 6:28; 27:4; 36:4
[4] IHeb Shaddai aGn 2:7; Jb 10:3; 32:8 bJb 27:3
[5] aJb 33:32
[6] ILit cut out of aJb 4:19
[7] aJb 13:21

  8 ¶ “Surely you have spoken in my hearing,
  And I have heard the sound of [your] words:
  9 ‘I am apure, bwithout transgression;
  I am innocent and there cis no guilt in me.
  10 ‘Behold, He Iinvents pretexts against me;
  He acounts me as His enemy.
  11 ‘He aputs my feet in the stocks;
  He watches all my paths.’
  12 “Behold, let me Itell you, ayou are not right in this,
  For God is greater than man.

[9] aJb 9:21; 10:7; 13:18; 16:17 bJb 7:21; 13:23; 14:17 cJb 10:14
[10] ILit finds aJb 13:24
[11] aJb 13:27
[12] ILit answer aEc 7:20

  13 ¶ “Why do you acomplain against Him
  That He does not give an account of all His doings?
  14 “Indeed aGod speaks once,
  Or twice, [yet] no one notices it.
  15 “In a adream, a vision of the night,
  When sound sleep falls on men,
  While they slumber in their beds,
  16 Then aHe opens the ears of men,
  And seals their instruction,
  17 That He may turn man aside [from his] conduct,
  And Ikeep man from pride;
  18 He akeeps back his soul from the pit,
  And his life from Ipassing over binto Sheol.

[13] aJb 40:2; Is 45:9
[14] aJb 33:29; 40:5; Ps 62:11
[15] aJb 4:12-17; 33:15-18
[16] aJb 36:10, 15
[17] ILit hide
[18] IM.T. perishing by the sword aJb 33:22, 24, 28, 30 bJb 15:22

  19 ¶ “IMan is also chastened with apain on his bed,
  And with unceasing complaint in his bones;
  20 So that his life aloathes bread,
  And his soul favorite food.
  21 “His aflesh wastes away from sight,
  And his bbones which were not seen stick out.
  22 “Then ahis soul draws near to the pit,
  And his life to those who bring death.

[19] ILit He aJb 30:17
[20] aJb 3:24; 6:7; Ps 107:18
[21] aJb 16:8 bJb 19:20; Ps 22:17; 102:5
[22] aJb 33:18, 28

  23 ¶ “If there is an angel [as] amediator for him,
  One out of a thousand,
  To remind a man what is Iright for him,
  24 Then let him be gracious to him, and say,
  ‘Deliver him from agoing down to the pit,
  I have found a bransom’;
  25 Let his flesh become fresher than in youth,
  Let him return to the days of his youthful vigor;
  26 Then he will apray to God, and He will accept him,
  That bhe may see His face with joy,
  And He may restore His righteousness to man.
  27 “He will sing to men and say,
  ‘I ahave sinned and perverted what is right,
  And it is not bproper for me.
  28 ‘He has redeemed my soul from going to the pit,
  And my life shall asee the light.’

[23] ILit his uprightness aGn 40:8
[24] aJb 33:18, 28; Is 38:17 bJb 36:18; Ps 49:7
[26] aJb 22:27; 34:28; Ps 50:14, 15 bJb 22:26
[27] a2S 12:13; Lk 15:21 bRo 6:21
[28] aJb 22:28

  29 ¶ “Behold, God does aall these Ioftentimes with men,
  30 To abring back his soul from the pit,
  That he may be enlightened with the light of life.
  31 “Pay attention, O Job, listen to me;
  Keep silent, and let me speak.
  32 “[Then] if Iyou have anything to say, answer me;
  Speak, for I desire to justify you.
  33 “If not, alisten to me;
  Keep silent, and I will teach you wisdom.”

[29] ILit twice, three times aEp 1:11; Php 2:13
[30] aJb 33:18; Zc 9:11
[32] ILit there are words
[33] aPs 34:11


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Elihu offereth himself instead of God, with sincerity and meekness, to reason with Job.

1 ¶ Wherefore, Job, I pray thee, hear my speeches, and hearken to all my words. 2 Behold, now I have opened my mouth, my tongue hath spoken in my mouth. 3 My words [shall be of] the uprightness of my heart: and my lips shall utter knowledge clearly. 4 The Spirit of God hath made me, and the breath of the Almighty hath given me life. 5 If thou canst answer me, set [thy words] in order before me, stand up. 6 Behold, I [am] according to thy wish in God's stead: I also am formed out of the clay. 7 Behold, my terror shall not make thee afraid, neither shall my hand be heavy upon thee.

[1] Jb 13:6; 34:2; Ps 49:1; Mk 4:9.
[2] Jb 3:1; 31:30; Ps 78:2; Mt 5:2.
[3] Jb 15:2; 27:4; 36:3; 38:2; Ps 37:30; Pv 8:7; 15:2, 7; 20:15; 1Th 2:3.
[4] Gn 2:7; Jb 10:12; 32:8; Ps 33:6; Ro 8:2; 1Co 15:45.
[5] Jb 23:4; 32:1, 12, 14; 33:32; Ps 50:21; Ac 10:26.
[6] Gn 2:7; 3:19; 30:2; Ex 4:16; Jb 4:19; 9:32; 10:9; 13:3, 12; 20:22; 23:3; 31:35; 2Co 5:1, 20.
[7] Jb 9:34; 13:21; Ps 32:4; 88:16.

He excuseth God from giving man an account of his ways, by his greatness.

8 Surely thou hast spoken in mine hearing, and I have heard the voice of [thy] words, [saying], 9 I am clean without transgression, I [am] innocent; neither [is there] iniquity in me. 10 Behold, he findeth occasions against me, he counteth me for his enemy, 11 He putteth my feet in the stocks, he marketh all my paths. 12 Behold, [in] this thou art not just: I will answer thee, that God is greater than man. 13 Why dost thou strive against him? for he giveth not account of any of his matters.

[8] Dt 13:14; Jr 29:23.
[9] Jb 9:17, 23, 28; 10:7; 11:4; 16:17; 17:8; 23:11; 27:5; 29:14; Jr 2:35.
[10] Jb 9:30; 10:15; 13:24, 25; 14:16; 16:9; 19:11; 30:21; 31:35; 34:5.
[11] Jb 13:27; 31:4; Ps 105:18; Jr 20:2; Dn 4:35; Ac 16:24.
[12] Jb 1:22; 9:4; 26:14; 32:17; 34:10, 17, 23; 35:2, 4; 36:5, 22; 40:2, 8; Jr 18:6; Ezk 18:25; Ro 9:19.
[13] Dt 29:29; Jb 9:14; 15:25; 40:2; Ps 62:11; Is 45:9; 46:10; Jr 50:24; Ezk 22:14; Dn 4:35; Mt 20:15; Ac 1:7; 5:39; 9:4; Ro 11:34; 1Co 10:22.

God calleth man to repentance by visions,

14 For God speaketh once, yea twice, [yet man] perceiveth it not. 15 In a dream, in a vision of the night, when deep sleep falleth upon men, in slumberings upon the bed; 16 Then he openeth the ears of men, and sealeth their instruction, 17 That he may withdraw man [from his] purpose, and hide pride from man. 18 He keepeth back his soul from the pit, and his life from perishing by the sword.

[14] 2Ch 33:10; Jb 40:5; Ps 62:11; Pv 1:24, 29; Is 6:9; Mt 13:14; Mk 8:17; Lk 24:25; Jn 3:19.
[15] Gn 15:12; 20:3; 31:24; Nu 12:6; Jb 4:13; Jr 23:28; Dn 4:5; 8:18; He 1:1.
[16] 2S 7:27; Ne 9:38; Jb 36:10, 15; Ps 40:6; Is 6:10; 48:8; 50:5; Lk 24:45; Ac 16:14; Ro 15:28.
[17] Gn 20:6; Dt 8:16; 2Ch 32:25; Jb 17:11; Is 2:11; 23:9; Dn 4:30; Ho 2:6; Mt 27:19; Ac 9:2; 2Co 12:7; Jm 4:10.
[18] Ac 16:27; Ro 2:4; 2P 3:9, 15.

by afflictions,

19 He is chastened also with pain upon his bed, and the multitude of his bones with strong [pain]: 20 So that his life abhorreth bread, and his soul dainty meat. 21 His flesh is consumed away, that it cannot be seen; and his bones [that] were not seen stick out. 22 Yea, his soul draweth near unto the grave, and his life to the destroyers.

[19] Dt 8:5; 2Ch 16:10, 12; Jb 5:17; 7:4; 20:11; 30:17; Ps 38:1; 94:12; 119:67, 71; Is 27:9; 37:12; 1Co 11:32; Rv 3:19.
[20] Gn 3:6; Ps 107:17; Jr 3:19; Am 5:11.
[21] Jb 7:5; 13:28; 14:20, 22; 19:20; Ps 22:15; 32:3; 39:11; 102:3; Pv 5:11.
[22] Ex 12:23; 1S 2:6; 2S 24:16; Jb 7:7; 15:21; 17:1, 13; Ps 17:4; 30:3; 88:3; Is 38:10; Ac 12:23; 1Co 10:10; Rv 9:11.

and by his ministry.

23 If there be a messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to shew unto man his uprightness: 24 Then he is gracious unto him, and saith, Deliver him from going down to the pit: I have found a ransom. 25 His flesh shall be fresher than a child's: he shall return to the days of his youth: 26 He shall pray unto God, and he will be favourable unto him: and he shall see his face with joy: for he will render unto man his righteousness. 27 He looketh upon men, and [if any] say, I have sinned, and perverted [that which was] right, and it profited me not; 28 He will deliver his soul from going into the pit, and his life shall see the light. 29 Lo, all these [things] worketh God oftentimes with man, 30 To bring back his soul from the pit, to be enlightened with the light of the living.

[23] Jg 2:1; 2Ch 36:15; Ne 9:33; Jb 9:3; 11:6; 34:10, 12, 32; 35:14; 36:3, 8; 37:23; Ps 94:12; 119:75; Ec 7:28; Is 61:1; Lm 3:22, 32, 39; Ezk 18:25; Dn 9:14; Hg 1:13; Mal 2:7; 3:1; Ac 8:30; Ro 11:13; 1Co 11:30; 2Co 5:20; He 12:5.
[24] Ex 33:19; 34:6; Jb 22:21; 33:18, 24; 36:10; Ps 22:4; 30:9; 40:2; 49:7; 71:3; 86:5, 13, 15; Is 38:17; Jr 31:20; Ho 14:2, 4; Mi 7:18; Zc 9:11; Mt 20:28; Ro 3:24; 5:20; 1Ti 2:6; 1P 1:18.
[25] Dt 34:7; Jsh 14:10; 2K 5:14; Jb 42:16; Ps 103:5; Ho 2:15.
[26] Nu 6:25; 1S 26:23; 2K 20:2; 2Ch 33:12, 19; Jb 34:11; 42:8; Ps 4:6; 6:1; 16:11; 18:20; 28:1, 6; 30:5, 7; 41:8; 50:15; 62:12; 67:1; 91:15; 116:1; Pv 24:12; Is 30:19; Jr 33:3; Jna 2:2; Mt 10:41; Ac 2:28; 9:11; He 11:26; Jde 1:24.
[27] Gn 16:13; Nu 12:11; 2S 12:13; 2Ch 16:9; Jb 7:20; 34:9; Ps 11:4; 14:2; 19:7; 119:128; 139:1; Pv 5:21; 15:3; 28:13; Ec 5:8; Jr 2:8; 3:13; 23:24; 31:18; Mt 16:26; Lk 15:18; 18:13; Ro 6:21; 7:12, 16, 22; 1Jn 1:8.
[28] Jb 3:9, 16, 20; 17:16; 33:18, 20, 22, 24; Ps 49:19; 55:23; 69:15; Is 9:2; 38:17; Jn 11:9; Rv 20:1.
[29] 2K 6:10; Jb 33:14; 40:5; 1Co 12:6; 2Co 5:5; 12:8; Ep 1:11; Php 2:13; Col 1:29; He 13:21.
[30] Jb 33:24, 28; Ps 40:1; 56:13; 118:17; Is 2:5; 38:17; Jn 8:12; Ac 26:18.

He inclineth Job to attention.

31 Mark well, O Job, hearken unto me: hold thy peace, and I will speak. 32 If thou hast any thing to say, answer me: speak, for I desire to justify thee. 33 If not, hearken unto me: hold thy peace, and I shall teach thee wisdom.

[31] Jb 13:6; 18:2; 21:2; 32:11.
[32] Jb 15:4; 21:27; 22:5; 27:5.
[33] Jb 33:3; Ps 34:11; 49:3; Pv 4:1; 5:1; 8:5.


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