NASB — 1 Samuel 2 — KJV

Hannah’s Song of Thanksgiving

1 Then Hannah aprayed and said,
  “My heart exults in the LORD;
  bMy Ihorn is exalted in the LORD,
  My mouth IIspeaks boldly against my enemies,
  Because cI rejoice in Your salvation.
  2aThere is no one holy like the LORD,
  Indeed, bthere is no one besides You,
  cNor is there any rock like our God.
  3IBoast no more so very proudly,
  aDo not let arrogance come out of your mouth;
  bFor the LORD is a God of knowledge,
  cAnd with Him actions are weighed.
  4aThe bows of the mighty are shattered,
  bBut the feeble gird on strength.
  5 “Those who were full hire themselves out for bread,
  But those who were hungry cease [to hunger].
  aEven the barren gives birth to seven,
  But bshe who has many children languishes.
  6aThe LORD kills and makes alive;
  bHe brings down to ISheol and raises up.
  7aThe LORD makes poor and rich;
  bHe brings low, He also exalts.
  8aHe raises the poor from the dust,
  bHe lifts the needy from the ash heap
  cTo make them sit with nobles,
  And inherit a seat of honor;
  dFor the pillars of the earth are the LORDS,
  And He set the world on them.
  9aHe keeps the feet of His godly ones,
  bBut the wicked ones are silenced in darkness;
  cFor not by might shall a man prevail.
  10aThose who contend with the LORD will be shattered;
  bAgainst them He will thunder in the heavens,
  cThe LORD will judge the ends of the earth;
  dAnd He will give strength to His king,
  eAnd will exalt the Ihorn of His anointed.”

[1] II.e. strength IILit is enlarged a1S 2:1-10; Lk 1:46-55 bDt 33:17; Jb 16:15; Ps 75:10; 89:17, 24; 92:10; 112:9 cPs 9:14; 13:5; 35:9; Is 12:2, 3
[2] aEx 15:11; Lv 19:2; Ps 86:8 b2S 22:32 cDt 32:30, 31
[3] ILit Talk much aPv 8:13 b1S 16:7; 1K 8:39 cPv 16:2; 24:12
[4] aPs 37:15; 46:9 bPs 18:39; He 11:32-34
[5] aRu 4:15; Ps 113:9 bJr 15:9
[6] II.e. the nether world aDt 32:39; 2K 5:7; Rv 1:18 bIs 26:19
[7] aDt 8:17, 18 bJb 5:11; Ps 75:7; Jm 4:10
[8] aJb 42:10-12; Ps 75:7; 113:7 b2S 7:8; Dn 2:48; Jm 2:5 cJb 36:7; Ps 113:8 dJb 38:4-6; Ps 75:3; 104:5
[9] aPs 91:11, 12; 121:3; Pv 3:26; 1P 1:5 bMt 8:12 cPs 33:16, 17
[10] II.e. strength aEx 15:6; Ps 2:9 b1S 7:10; 2S 22:14; Ps 18:13, 14 cPs 96:13; 98:9; Mt 25:31, 32 dPs 21:1, 7 ePs 89:24

11 ¶ Then Elkanah went to his home at aRamah. bBut the boy ministered to the LORD before Eli the priest.

[11] a1S 1:1, 19 b1S 1:28; 2:18; 3:1

The Sin of Eli’s Sons

12 ¶ Now the sons of Eli were Iaworthless men; they did not know the LORD 13 aand the custom of the priests with the people. When any man was offering a sacrifice, the priest’s servant would come while the meat was boiling, with a three-pronged fork in his hand. 14 Then he would thrust it into the pan, or kettle, or caldron, or pot; all that the fork brought up the priest would take for himself. Thus they did in Shiloh to all the Israelites who came there. 15 Also, before athey burned the fat, the priest’s servant would come and say to the man who was sacrificing, “Give the priest meat for roasting, as he will not take boiled meat from you, only raw.” 16 If the man said to him, “They must surely Iburn the fat IIfirst, and then take as much as IIIyou desire,” then he would say, “No, but you shall give [it to me] now; and if not, I will take it by force.” 17 Thus the sin of the young men was very great before the LORD, for the men adespised the offering of the LORD.

[12] ILit sons of Belial aJr 2:8; 9:3, 6; 2Co 6:15
[13] aLv 7:29-34
[15] aLv 3:3-5, 16
[16] ILit offer up in smoke IILit like the day IIILit your soul
[17] aMal 2:7-9

Samuel before the LORD as a Boy

18 ¶ Now aSamuel was ministering before the LORD, [as] a boy Ibwearing a linen ephod. 19 And his mother would make him a little arobe and bring it to him from year to year when she would come up with her husband to offer bthe yearly sacrifice. 20 Then Eli would abless Elkanah and his wife and say, “May the LORD give you Ichildren from this woman in place of IIthe one she bdedicated to the LORD.” And they went to their own IIIhome.

[18] ILit girded with a1S 2:11; 3:1 b1S 2:28; 22:18; 2S 6:14; 1Ch 15:27
[19] aEx 28:31 b1S 1:3, 21
[20] ILit seed IILit the one asked for which was lent IIILit place aLk 2:34 b1S 1:11, 27, 28

21aThe LORD visited Hannah; and she conceived and gave birth to three sons and two daughters. And bthe boy Samuel grew before the LORD.

[21] aGn 21:1 bJg 13:24; 1S 2:26; 3:19-21; Lk 1:80; 2:40

Eli Rebukes His Sons

22 ¶ Now Eli was very old; and he heard aall that his sons were doing to all Israel, and how they lay with bthe women who served at the doorway of the tent of meeting. 23 He said to them, “Why do you do such things, the evil things that I hear from all these people? 24 No, my sons; for the report is not good awhich I hear Ithe LORDS people circulating. 25 If one man sins against another, aGod will mediate for him; but bif a man sins against the LORD, who can intercede for him?” But they would not listen to the voice of their father, for the cLORD desired to put them to death.

[22] a1S 2:13-17 bEx 38:8
[24] IOr making the LORD’S people transgress a1K 15:26
[25] aDt 1:17 bNu 15:30; 1S 3:14; He 10:26, 27 cJsh 11:20

26 ¶ Now the boy aSamuel Iwas growing in stature and in favor both with the LORD and with men.

[26] ILit was going on both great and good a1S 2:21; Lk 2:52

27 ¶ Then aa man of God came to Eli and said to him, “Thus says the LORD, ‘bDid I [not] indeed reveal Myself to the house of your father when they were in Egypt [in bondage] to Pharaoh’s house? 28 aDid I [not] choose them from all the tribes of Israel to be My priests, to go up to My altar, to burn incense, to carry an ephod before Me; and did I [not] bgive to the house of your father all the fire [offerings] of the sons of Israel? 29 Why do you akick at My sacrifice and at My offering bwhich I have commanded [in My] cdwelling, and dhonor your sons above Me, by making yourselves fat with the Ichoicest of every offering of My people Israel?’ 30 Therefore the LORD God of Israel declares, ‘aI did indeed say that your house and the house of your father should walk before Me forever’; but now the LORD declares, ‘Far be it from Me—for bthose who honor Me I will honor, and those cwho despise Me will be lightly esteemed. 31 Behold, athe days are coming when I will break your Istrength and the Istrength of your father’s house so that there will not be an old man in your house. 32 You will see athe distress of [My] dwelling, in [spite of] all the good that II do for Israel; and an bold man will not be in your house forever. 33 Yet I will not cut off every man of yours from My altar Iso that your eyes will fail [from weeping] and your soul grieve, and all the increase of your house will die IIin the prime of life. 34 This will be athe sign to you which will come concerning your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas: bon the same day both of them will die. 35 But aI will raise up for Myself a faithful priest who will do according to what is in My heart and in My soul; and bI will build him an enduring house, and he will walk before cMy anointed always. 36 Everyone who is left in your house will come and bow down to him for a Ipiece of silver or a loaf of bread and say, “Please IIassign me to one of the priest’s offices so that I may eat a piece of bread.”’”

[27] aDt 33:1; Jg 13:6 bEx 4:14-16; 12:1, 43
[28] aEx 28:1-4; 30:7, 8; Lv 8:7, 8 bLv 7:35, 36
[29] IOr first a1S 2:13-17 bDt 12:5-9 cPs 26:8 dMt 10:37
[30] aEx 29:9; Nu 25:13 bPs 50:23 cMal 2:9
[31] IOr arm a1S 4:11-18; 22:17-20
[32] ILit He does a1K 2:26, 27 bZc 8:4
[33] ILit to waste away your eyes and to grieve your soul IILit as men
[34] a1S 10:7-9; 1K 13:3 b1S 4:11, 17
[35] a1S 3:1; 7:9; 9:12, 13 b1S 8:3-5; 25:28; 2S 7:11, 27; 1K 11:38 c1S 10:9, 10; 12:3; 16:13
[36] IOr payment IILit attach


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Hannah's song in thankfulness.

1 ¶ And Hannah prayed, and said, My heart rejoiceth in the LORD, mine horn is exalted in the LORD: my mouth is enlarged over mine enemies; because I rejoice in thy salvation. 2 [There is] none holy as the LORD: for [there is] none beside thee: neither [is there] any rock like our God. 3 Talk no more so exceeding proudly; let [not] arrogancy come out of your mouth: for the LORD [is] a God of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed. 4 The bows of the mighty men [are] broken, and they that stumbled are girded with strength. 5 [They that were] full have hired out themselves for bread; and [they that were] hungry ceased: so that the barren hath born seven; and she that hath many children is waxed feeble. 6 The LORD killeth, and maketh alive: he bringeth down to the grave, and bringeth up. 7 The LORD maketh poor, and maketh rich: he bringeth low, and lifteth up. 8 He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, [and] lifteth up the beggar from the dunghill, to set [them] among princes, and to make them inherit the throne of glory: for the pillars of the earth [are] the LORD'S, and he hath set the world upon them. 9 He will keep the feet of his saints, and the wicked shall be silent in darkness; for by strength shall no man prevail. 10 The adversaries of the LORD shall be broken to pieces; out of heaven shall he thunder upon them: the LORD shall judge the ends of the earth; and he shall give strength unto his king, and exalt the horn of his anointed. 11 And Elkanah went to Ramah to his house. And the child did minister unto the LORD before Eli the priest.

[1] Ex 15:1, 21; Jg 5:1; Ne 11:17; Ps 9:14; 13:5; 18:2; 20:5; 35:9; 51:15; 71:8; 89:17; 92:10; 112:8; 118:14; Is 12:2; Hab 3:1, 18; Lk 1:46, 47, 69; Ro 5:11; Php 3:3; 4:4, 6; 1P 1:8; Rv 18:20.
[2] Ex 15:11; Dt 3:24; 4:35; 32:4, 20, 31, 39; 2S 22:32; Ps 18:2; 71:3, 19; 73:25; 86:8; 89:6, 8; 99:5, 9; 111:9; Is 6:3; 40:18; 43:10; 44:6, 8; 57:15; Jr 10:6; Ro 4:8; 15:4; 1P 1:16.
[3] 1K 8:39; Jb 31:6; Ps 44:21; 94:4, 7; 147:5; Pv 8:13; Is 26:7; 37:23; Jr 17:10; Dn 4:30, 37; 5:27; Mal 3:13; He 4:12; Jde 1:15; Rv 2:23.
[4] Ps 37:15, 17; 46:9; 76:3; Is 10:4; Jr 37:10; 2Co 4:9; 12:9; Ep 6:14; Php 4:13; He 11:34.
[5] 1S 1:6, 20; Ps 34:10; 113:9; Is 54:1; Jr 15:9; Lk 1:53; 16:25; Ga 4:27.
[6] Dt 32:39; 1S 20:3; 2K 5:7; Jb 5:18; Ps 68:20; 116:3; Is 26:19; Ho 6:1; Jna 2:2; Mt 12:40; Jn 5:25; 11:25; 2Co 1:9; Rv 1:18.
[7] Dt 8:17; Jb 1:21; 5:11; Ps 75:7; 102:10; Is 2:12; Jm 1:9; 4:10.
[8] Gn 41:14, 40; 1S 15:17; 2S 7:8; Jb 2:8; 36:6; 38:4; 42:10; Ps 24:2; 102:25; 104:5; 113:7; Ec 4:14; Dn 2:48; 4:17; 6:3; Lk 1:51; He 1:3; Jm 2:5; Rv 1:6; 3:21; 5:10; 22:5.
[9] Dt 33:3; 1S 17:49; Jb 5:16, 24; Ps 33:16; 37:23, 28; 91:11; 94:18; 97:10; 121:3, 5, 8; Pv 2:8; 16:9; Ec 5:17; 9:11; Jr 8:14; 9:23; Zp 1:15; Zc 4:6; Mt 8:12; 22:12; Ro 3:19; 1P 1:5; 2P 2:17; Jde 1:1, 3, 13.
[10] Ex 15:6; Jg 5:31; 1S 7:10; 12:3, 13, 18; 15:28; 16:1; 2S 7:8, 13; Jb 40:9; Ps 2:2, 6, 9; 18:13; 20:6; 21:1, 7, 8; 28:8; 45:7; 50:1; 68:1; 89:17, 24; 92:9, 10; 96:13; 98:9; 148:14; Ec 11:9; 12:14; Is 32:1; 45:24; Mt 25:31, 34; 28:18; Lk 1:69; 19:27; Jn 5:21; Ac 4:27; 10:38; Ro 14:10; 2Co 5:10; Rv 20:11.
[11] 1S 1:28; 2:18; 3:1, 15.

The sin of Eli's sons.

12 ¶ Now the sons of Eli [were] sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD. 13 And the priests' custom with the people [was, that], when any man offered sacrifice, the priest's servant came, while the flesh was in seething, with a fleshhook of three teeth in his hand; 14 And he struck [it] into the pan, or kettle, or caldron, or pot; all that the fleshhook brought up the priest took for himself. So they did in Shiloh unto all the Israelites that came thither. 15 Also before they burnt the fat, the priest's servant came, and said to the man that sacrificed, Give flesh to roast for the priest; for he will not have sodden flesh of thee, but raw. 16 And [if] any man said unto him, Let them not fail to burn the fat presently, and [then] take [as much] as thy soul desireth; then he would answer him, [Nay]; but thou shalt give [it me] now: and if not, I will take [it] by force. 17 Wherefore the sin of the young men was very great before the LORD: for men abhorred the offering of the LORD.

[12] Dt 13:13; Jg 2:10; 19:22; 1S 3:7; 10:27; 25:17; 1K 21:10, 13; Jr 2:8; 22:16; Ho 4:6; Mal 2:1; Jn 8:55; 16:3; 17:3; Ro 1:21, 28; 2Co 6:15.
[14] Ex 29:27; Lv 7:34; 1S 2:29; Is 56:11; Mal 1:10; 2P 2:13.
[15] Lv 3:3, 16; Ro 16:18; Php 3:19; Jde 1:12.
[16] Lv 3:16; 7:23; Jg 18:25; Ne 5:15; Mi 2:1; 3:5; 1P 5:2.
[17] Gn 6:11; 10:9; 13:13; 2K 21:6; Ps 51:4; Is 3:8; Mal 2:8, 13; Mt 18:7.

Samuel's ministry.

18 ¶ But Samuel ministered before the LORD, [being] a child, girded with a linen ephod. 19 Moreover his mother made him a little coat, and brought [it] to him from year to year, when she came up with her husband to offer the yearly sacrifice.

[18] Ex 28:4; Lv 8:7; 1S 2:11; 3:1; 22:18; 2S 6:14.
[19] Ex 23:14; 28:4; 1S 1:3, 21.

By Eli's blessing Hannah is more fruitful.

20 ¶ And Eli blessed Elkanah and his wife, and said, The LORD give thee seed of this woman for the loan which is lent to the LORD. And they went unto their own home. 21 And the LORD visited Hannah, so that she conceived, and bare three sons and two daughters. And the child Samuel grew before the LORD.

[20] Gn 14:19; 27:27; Nu 6:23; Ru 2:12; 4:11; 1S 1:27; 2:11, 21, 26.
[21] Gn 21:1; Jg 13:24; 1S 1:19; 2:26; 3:19; Lk 1:68, 80; 2:40, 52.

Eli reproveth his sons.

22 ¶ Now Eli was very old, and heard all that his sons did unto all Israel; and how they lay with the women that assembled [at] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. 23 And he said unto them, Why do ye such things? for I hear of your evil dealings by all this people. 24 Nay, my sons; for [it is] no good report that I hear: ye make the LORD'S people to transgress. 25 If one man sin against another, the judge shall judge him: but if a man sin against the LORD, who shall intreat for him? Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto the voice of their father, because the LORD would slay them. 26 And the child Samuel grew on, and was in favour both with the LORD, and also with men.

[22] Ex 38:8; 1S 2:13; 8:1; Jr 7:9; Ezk 22:26; Ho 4:9.
[23] 1K 1:6; Is 3:9; Jr 3:3; 8:12; Ac 9:4; 14:15; Php 3:19.
[24] Ex 32:21; 1S 2:17, 22; 1K 13:18; 15:30; 2K 10:31; Mal 2:8; Mt 18:7; Ac 6:3; 2Co 6:8; 1Ti 3:7; 2P 2:18; 3Jn 1:12; Rv 2:20.
[25] Nu 15:30; Dt 2:30; 17:8; 25:1; Jsh 11:20; 1S 3:14; 2Ch 25:16; Ps 51:4, 16; 116:10; Pv 15:10; Jn 12:39; 1Ti 2:5; He 7:25; 10:26.
[26] 1S 2:21; Pv 3:3; Lk 1:80; 2:40, 52; Ac 2:47; Ro 14:18.

A prophecy against Eli's house.

27 ¶ And there came a man of God unto Eli, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Did I plainly appear unto the house of thy father, when they were in Egypt in Pharaoh's house? 28 And did I choose him out of all the tribes of Israel [to be] my priest, to offer upon mine altar, to burn incense, to wear an ephod before me? and did I give unto the house of thy father all the offerings made by fire of the children of Israel? 29 Wherefore kick ye at my sacrifice and at mine offering, which I have commanded [in my] habitation; and honourest thy sons above me, to make yourselves fat with the chiefest of all the offerings of Israel my people? 30 Wherefore the LORD God of Israel saith, I said indeed [that] thy house, and the house of thy father, should walk before me for ever: but now the LORD saith, Be it far from me; for them that honour me I will honour, and they that despise me shall be lightly esteemed. 31 Behold, the days come, that I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy father's house, that there shall not be an old man in thine house. 32 And thou shalt see an enemy [in my] habitation, in all [the wealth] which [God] shall give Israel: and there shall not be an old man in thine house for ever. 33 And the man of thine, [whom] I shall not cut off from mine altar, [shall be] to consume thine eyes, and to grieve thine heart: and all the increase of thine house shall die in the flower of their age. 34 And this [shall be] a sign unto thee, that shall come upon thy two sons, on Hophni and Phinehas; in one day they shall die both of them. 35 And I will raise me up a faithful priest, [that] shall do according to [that] which [is] in mine heart and in my mind: and I will build him a sure house; and he shall walk before mine anointed for ever. 36 And it shall come to pass, [that] every one that is left in thine house shall come [and] crouch to him for a piece of silver and a morsel of bread, and shall say, Put me, I pray thee, into one of the priests' offices, that I may eat a piece of bread.

[27] Ex 4:14, 27; Dt 33:1; Jg 6:8; 13:6; 1S 9:4; 1K 13:1; 1Ti 6:11; 2P 1:21.
[28] Ex 28:1, 4, 6; 29:4; 39:1; Lv 2:3, 10; 6:16; 7:7, 32, 34; 8:7; 10:14; Nu 5:9; 16:5; 17:5; 18:1, 8, 19; Dt 18:1; 2S 12:7.
[29] Lv 19:15; Dt 12:5; 32:15; 33:9; Jsh 18:1; 1S 2:13; Is 56:11; Ezk 13:19; 34:2; Ho 4:8; Mi 3:5; Mal 1:12; Mt 10:37; 22:16; Lk 14:26; Ro 16:18; 2Co 5:16; Jm 3:17.
[30] Ex 28:43; 29:9; Nu 11:20; 25:11; 35:34; Jg 9:10; 2S 12:9; 2Ch 15:2; Ps 18:20; 50:23; 91:14; Pv 3:9; Is 29:13; Jr 18:9; Dn 4:34; Mal 1:6; 2:8; Jn 5:23, 44; 8:49; 12:26; 13:31; 17:4; 1Co 4:5; 1P 1:7.
[31] 1S 4:2, 11, 17; 14:3; 22:17; 1K 2:26, 35; Jb 22:9; Ps 37:17; Ezk 30:21; 44:10.
[32] 1S 4:4, 11, 22; Ps 78:59; Zc 8:4.
[33] 1S 22:21; 1K 1:7, 19; 2:26; Mt 2:16.
[34] 1S 3:12; 4:11, 17; 1K 13:3; 14:12.
[35] Ex 1:21; Nu 25:13; 1S 25:28; 2S 7:11, 27; 1K 1:8, 45; 2:35; 11:38; 1Ch 6:8; 29:22; Ne 12:10; Ps 2:2; 18:50; Ezk 34:23; 44:15; He 2:17; 7:26.
[36] 1S 2:29; 1K 2:27; Ezk 44:10; Mal 1:13.


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