Saul among Prophets
1 Then aSamuel° took° the flask° of oil°, poured° it on his head°, bkissed° him and said°, “Has not cthe LORD° anointed° you a ruler° over° dHis inheritance°? 2 When you go° from me today°, then you will find° two° men° close° to aRachel’s° tomb° in the territory° of Benjamin° at Zelzah°; and they will say° to you, ‘bThe donkeys° which° you went° to look° for have been found°. Now behold°, your father° has Iceased° to be concerned° about the donkeys° and is anxious° for you, saying°, “What° shall I do° about my son°?”’ 3 Then you will go° on further° from there°, and you will come° as far° as the Iaoak° of Tabor°, and there° three° men° going° up bto God° at Bethel° will meet° you, one° carrying° three° young° goats°, another° carrying° three° loaves° of bread°, and another° carrying° a jug° of wine°; 4 and they will greet°° you and give° you two° [loaves] of bread°, which you will accept° from their hand°. 5 Afterward°° you will come° to Iathe hill° of God° where°° the Philistine° garrison° is; and it shall be as soon as you have come° there° to the city°, that you will meet° ba group° of prophets° coming° down° from the high° place° with harp°, tambourine°, flute°, and a lyre° before° them, and cthey will be prophesying°. 6 Then athe Spirit° of the LORD° will come° upon you mightily°, and byou shall prophesy° with them and be changed° into another° man°. 7 It shall be when° these° signs° come° to you, ado° for yourself what° Ithe occasion° requires°, for bGod° is with you. 8 And ayou shall go° down° before° me to Gilgal°; and behold°, I will come° down° to you to offer° burnt° offerings° and bsacrifice° peace° offerings°. cYou shall wait° seven° days° until° I come° to you and show° you what° you should do°.”
 aEx 30:23-33; 1S 16:13; 2K 9:3, 6 bPs 2:12 c1S 16:13; 26:9; 2S 1:14 dDt 32:9; Ps 78:71
 ILit abandoned the matter of aGn 35:16-20; 48:7 b1S 9:3-5
 IOr terebinth aGn 35:8 bGn 28:19; 35:1, 3, 7
 IOr Gibeath-haelohim a1S 13:2, 3 b1S 19:20; 2K 2:3, 5, 15 c2K 3:15; 1Ch 25:1-6; 1Co 14:1
 aNu 11:25, 29; Jg 14:6 b1S 10:10; 19:23, 24
 ILit your hand finds aEc 9:10 bJsh 1:5; Jg 6:12; He 13:5
 a1S 11:14; 13:8 b1S 11:15 c1S 13:8
9 ¶ Then it happened° when he turned° his back° to leave°°° Samuel°, God° achanged° Ihis heart°; and all° those° signs° came° about on that day°. 10 aWhen they came° to Ithe hill° there°, behold°, a group° of prophets° met° him; and the Spirit° of God° came° upon him mightily°, so that he prophesied° among° them. 11 It came° about, when all° who knew° him previously°°° saw° that he prophesied° now° with the prophets°, that the people° said° to one° another°, “What° has happened° to the son° of Kish°? aIs Saul° also° among the prophets°?” 12 A man° there°° said°, “Now, who° is their father°?” Therefore°° it became° a proverb°: “aIs Saul° also° among the prophets°?” 13 When he had finished° prophesying°, he came° to the high° place°.
 ILit for him another heart a1S 10:6
 IOr Gibeath a1S 10:5, 6; 19:20
 a1S 19:24; Am 7:14, 15; Mt 13:54-57; Jn 7:15
 a1S 19:23, 24
14 ¶ Now aSaul’s° uncle° said° to him and his servant°, “Where° did you go°?” And he said°, “bTo look° for the donkeys°. When we saw° that they could not be found°, we went° to Samuel°.” 15 Saul’s° uncle° said°, “Please° tell° me what° Samuel° said° to you.” 16 So Saul° said° to his uncle°, “aHe told° us plainly° that the donkeys° had been found°.” But he did not tell° him about the matter° of the kingdom° which° Samuel° had mentioned°.
Saul Publicly Chosen King
17 ¶ Thereafter Samuel° called° the apeople° together° to the LORD° at Mizpah°; 18 and he said° to the sons° of Israel°, “aThus° says° the LORD°, the God° of Israel°, ‘I brought° Israel° up from Egypt°, and I delivered° you from the hand° of the Egyptians° and from the Ipower° of all° the kingdoms° that were oppressing° you.’ 19 But you ahave today° rejected° your God°, who° delivers° you from all° your calamities° and your distresses°; yet you have Isaid°, ‘No°, but set° a king° over° us!’ Now° therefore, bpresent° yourselves before° the LORD° by your tribes° and by your clans°.”
 aJg 20:1; 1S 7:5
 ILit hand aJg 6:8, 9
 ISo with several mss and versions; M.T. said to Him a1S 8:6, 7; 12:12 bJsh 7:14-18; 24:1; Pv 16:33
20 ¶ Thus Samuel° brought° all° the tribes° of Israel° near°, and the tribe° of Benjamin° was taken° by lot. 21 Then he brought° the tribe° of Benjamin° near° by its families°, and the Matrite° family° was taken°. And Saul° the son° of Kish° was taken°; but when they looked° for him, he could not be found°. 22 Therefore athey inquired° further° of the LORD°, “Has the man° come° here° yet°?” So the LORD° said°, “Behold°, he is hiding° himself° by the baggage°.” 23 So they ran° and took° him from there°, and when he stood° among° the people°, ahe was taller° than° any° of the people° from his shoulders° upward°. 24 Samuel° said° to all° the people°, “Do you see° him awhom° the LORD° has chosen°? Surely° there° is no° one° like° him among all° the people°.” So all° the people° shouted° and said°, “Ib[Long] live° the king°!”
25 ¶ Then Samuel° told° the people° athe ordinances° of the kingdom°, and wrote° [them] in the book° and bplaced° [it] before° the LORD°. And Samuel° sent° all° the people° away°, each° one° to his house°. 26 Saul° also° went° ato his house° at Gibeah°; and the valiant° [men] whose° hearts° God° had touched° went° with him. 27 But certain Iaworthless° men° said°, “How° can this° one° deliver° us?” And they despised° him and bdid not bring° him any present°. But he kept° silent°.
 aDt 17:14-20; 1S 8:11-18 bDt 31:26
 a1S 11:4; 15:34
 ILit sons of Belial, cf 2Co 6:15 aDt 13:13; 1S 25:17 b1K 10:25; 2Ch 17:5
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Samuel anointeth Saul.
1 ¶ Then Samuelº tookºª² a vialº of oil,º and pouredºª [it] upon² his head,º and kissedºª him, and said,ºª [Is it] not² because² the LORDº hath anointedºª thee [to be] captainº over² his inheritance?º
 Ex 19:5; Dt 32:9; Jsh 5:14; 1S 2:10; 8:9, 19; 9:16; 13:14; 16:13; 24:6; 26:11; 2S 5:2; 19:39; 1K 19:18; 2K 9:3; 20:5; Ps 2:12; 78:71; 135:4; Jr 10:16; Ho 13:2; Ac 13:21; 1Th 5:26; He 2:10; Rv 5:8.
He confirmeth him by prediction of three signs.
2 When thou art departed¹ª² from²² me¹ to day,º then thou shalt findºª twoº men¹² by² Rachel'sº sepulchreº in the borderº of Benjaminº at Zelzah;º and they will sayºª unto² thee, The assesº which² thou wentestºª to seekºª are found:ºª and, lo,² thy fatherº hath leftºª² the careº of the asses,º and sorrowethºª for you, saying,ºª What² shall I doºª for my son?º 3 Then shalt thou go onºª forwardº from thence,²² and thou shalt comeºª to² the plainº of Tabor,º and there² shall meetºª thee threeº men¹² going upºª to² Godº to Bethel,º oneº carryingºª threeº kids,º and anotherº carryingºª threeº loavesº of bread,º and anotherº carryingºª a bottleº of wine:º 4 And they will¹ª saluteº² thee, and giveºª thee twoº [loaves] of bread;º which thou shalt receiveºª of their hands.º² 5 After¹ that²² thou shalt comeºª to the hillº of God,º where²² [is] the garrisonº of the Philistines:º and it shall come to pass,² when thou art come² thither¹ª² to the city,º that thou shalt meetºª a companyº of prophetsº coming downºª from the high placeº² with a psaltery,º and a tabret,º and a pipe,º and a harp,º beforeº them; and they² shall prophesy:ºª 6 And the Spiritº of the LORDº will comeºª upon² thee, and thou shalt prophesyºª with them,² and shalt be turnedºª into anotherº man.º 7 And let it be,² when² these² signsº are comeºª unto thee, [that] thou doºª as occasion¹ª serveº²² thee; for² Godº [is] with² thee. 8 And thou shalt go downºª beforeº me to Gilgal;º and, behold,² I² will come downºª unto² thee, to offerºª burnt offerings,º [and] to sacrificeºª sacrificesº of peace offerings:º sevenº daysº shalt thou tarry,ºª till² I comeºª to² thee, and shewºª thee² what² thou shalt do.ºª
 Gn 35:19; Jsh 18:28; 1S 9:3; 10:16; Jr 31:15.
 Gn 28:19, 22; 35:1, 3, 6; Lv 1:10; 3:6, 12; 7:13; 23:13; Nu 15:5; Jsh 19:12, 22; Jg 4:6, 12; 8:18; Ps 89:12.
 Jg 18:15.
 Ex 15:20; 1S 10:10; 13:3; 19:20; 2K 2:3, 5, 15; 3:15; 4:38; 6:1; 1Ch 13:8; 15:19, 27; 16:5, 42; 25:1; 2Ch 29:25; Ps 49:4; 150:3.
 Nu 11:25; Jg 3:10; 1S 10:9, 10; 16:13; 19:23; Mt 7:22.
 Gn 21:20; Ex 4:8; Dt 20:1; Jg 6:12; 9:33; Is 7:14; 45:1; Mt 1:23; 28:20; Lk 2:12; Jn 6:14.
 1S 11:14; 13:4, 8; 15:33.
Saul's heart is changed, and he prophesieth.
9 ¶ And it was² [so], that when he had turnedºª his backº to go¹ª² from²² Samuel,º Godº gaveºª him anotherº heart:º and all² those² signsº came¹ª to pass² that² day.º 10 And when they cameºª thither² to the hill,º behold,² a companyº of prophetsº metºª him; and the Spiritº of Godº cameºª upon² him, and he prophesiedºª amongº them. 11 And it came to pass,² when all² that knewºª him beforetimeºº² sawºª that, behold,² he prophesiedºª among² the prophets,º then the peopleº saidºª oneº to² another,º What² [is] this² [that] is come² unto the sonº of Kish?º [Is] Saulº also² among the prophets?º 12 And oneº of the same place²² answeredºª and said,ºª But who² [is] their father?º Therefore²² it became² a proverb,º [Is] Saulº also² among the prophets?º 13 And when he had made an endºª of prophesying,ºª² he cameºª to the high place.º
 Jg 6:21, 36; 7:11; 1S 10:2, 6; Is 38:7; Mk 14:16.
 1S 10:5; 19:20.
 1S 19:24; Mt 13:54; Jn 7:15; 9:8; Ac 2:7; 3:10; 4:13; 9:21.
 Is 54:13; Jn 6:45; 7:16; Jm 1:17.
He concealeth the matter of the kingdom from his uncle.
14 ¶ And Saul'sº uncleº saidºª unto² him and to² his servant,º Whitherº wentºª ye? And he said,ºª To seekºª² the asses:º and when we sawºª that² [they were] no where,º we cameºª to² Samuel.º 15 And Saul'sº uncleº said,ºª Tellºª me, I pray thee,² what² Samuelº saidºª unto you. 16 And Saulº saidºª unto² his uncle,º He told¹ª us plainlyºª that² the assesº were found.ºª But of the matterº of the kingdom,º whereof² Samuelº spake,ºª he toldºª him not.²
Saul is chosen at Mizpeh by lot.
17 ¶ And Samuelº called¹ª the people¹ together²²² unto² the LORDº to Mizpeh;º 18 And saidºª unto² the childrenº of Israel,º Thus² saithºª the LORDº Godº of Israel,º I² brought upºª² Israelº out of Egypt,º² and deliveredºª you out of the handº² of the Egyptians,º and out of the handº² of all² kingdoms,º [and] of them that oppressedºª you: 19 And ye² have this dayº rejectedºª² your God,º who² himself² savedºª you out of all²² your adversitiesº and your tribulations;º and ye have saidºª unto him, [Nay], but² setºª a kingº over² us. Now² therefore present¹ª yourselves² beforeº the LORDº by your tribes,º and by your thousands.º 20 And when Samuelº had caused² all² the tribesº of Israelº to come near,ºª the tribeº of Benjaminº was taken.ºª 21 When he had caused² the tribeº of Benjaminº to come nearºª by their families,º the familyº of Matriº was taken,ºª and Saulº the sonº of Kishº was taken:ºª and when they soughtºª him, he could not² be found.ºª 22 Therefore they enquiredºª of the LORDº further,² if the manº should yet² comeºª thither.º And the LORDº answered,ºª Behold,² he² hath hid¹ª himself² among² the stuff.º 23 And they ranºª and fetchedºª him thence:²² and when he stoodºª amongº the people,º he was higherºª than any²² of the peopleº from his shouldersº² and upward.º 24 And Samuelº saidºª to² all² the people,º Seeºª ye him whom² the LORDº hath chosen,ºª that² [there is] none² like him² among all² the people?º And all² the peopleº shouted,ºª and said,ºª God saveºª the king.º 25 Then Samuelº toldºª² the peopleº² the mannerº of the kingdom,º and wroteºª [it] in a book,º and laid [it] up¹ª² beforeº the LORD.º And Samuelº sentºª² all² the peopleº away,¹ª every manº to his house.º
 Jg 20:1; 1S 7:5.
 Jg 2:1; 6:8; Ne 9:9, 27.
 Nu 17:2; Jsh 7:14; 1S 8:7, 19; 12:12, 17; Mi 5:2.
 Jsh 7:16; 1S 14:41; Ac 1:24.
 Nu 27:21; Jg 1:1; 20:18, 23, 28; 1S 9:21; 15:17; 23:2, 11; Lk 14:11.
 1S 9:2; 16:7; 17:4.
 Dt 17:15; 2S 21:6; 1K 1:21, 25, 39; 2K 11:12; Mt 21:9.
 Dt 17:14; 1S 8:11; Ezk 45:9; 46:16; Ro 13:1; 1Ti 2:2; Tit 3:1; 1P 2:13.
The different affections of his subjects.
26 ¶ And Saulº also² wentºª homeº to Gibeah;º and there went¹ª² with² him a band of men,º whose² heartsº Godº had touched.ºª 27 But the childrenº of Belialº said,ºª How² shall this² man saveºª us? And they despisedºª him, and broughtºª him no² presents.º But he held his peace.ºª
 Jsh 18:28; Jg 19:12; 20:14; 1S 11:4; 15:34; 2S 21:6; Ezr 1:5; Ps 110:3; Ac 7:10; 13:48.
 Dt 13:13; 1S 2:12; 11:12; 2S 8:2; 20:1; 1K 4:21; 10:25; 2Ch 13:7; 17:5; Ps 38:13; 72:10; Is 36:21; Mt 2:11; 27:12; Ac 7:35, 51.
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