NASB — Judges 8 — KJV

Zebah and Zalmunna Routed

1 Then the men of Ephraim said to him, “aWhat is this thing you have done to us, not calling us when you went to fight against Midian?” And they contended with him vigorously. 2 But he said to them, “What have I done now in comparison with you? Is not the gleaning [of the grapes] of Ephraim better than the vintage of Abiezer? 3 God has given the leaders of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb into your hands; and what was I able to do in comparison with you?” Then their Ianger toward him subsided when he said IIthat.

[1] aJg 12:1
[3] ILit spirit IILit this thing

4 ¶ Then Gideon and the 300 men who were with him came ato the Jordan [and] crossed over, weary yet pursuing. 5 He said to the men of aSuccoth, “Please give loaves of bread to the people who are following me, for they are weary, and I am pursuing Zebah and Zalmunna, the kings of Midian.” 6 The leaders of Succoth said, “IaAre the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna already in your hands, that we should give bread to your army?” 7 Gideon said, “IAll right, awhen the LORD has given Zebah and Zalmunna into my hand, then I will IIthrash your IIIbodies with the thorns of the wilderness and with briers.” 8 He went up from there to IaPenuel and spoke similarly to them; and the men of Penuel answered him just as the men of Succoth had answered. 9 So he spoke also to the men of Penuel, saying, “When I return safely, aI will tear down this tower.”

[4] aJg 7:25
[5] aGn 33:17
[6] ILit Is the palm aJg 8:15
[7] ILit For thus IIOr trample IIILit flesh aJg 7:15
[8] IIn Gn 32:30, Peniel aGn 32:31
[9] aJg 8:17

10 ¶ Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and their Iarmies with them, about 15,000 men, all who were left of the entire IIarmy of the sons of the east; afor the fallen were 120,000 IIIswordsmen. 11 Gideon went up by the way of those who lived in tents on the east of Nobah and Jogbehah, and Iattacked the camp when the camp was IIunsuspecting. 12 When Zebah and Zalmunna fled, he pursued them and captured the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and routed the whole Iarmy.

[10] IOr camps IIOr camp IIILit men who drew sword aJg 6:5; 7:12; Is 9:4
[11] ILit smote IIOr secure
[12] IOr camp

13 ¶ Then Gideon the son of Joash returned from the battle Iby the ascent of Heres. 14 And he captured a youth Ifrom Succoth and questioned him. Then [the youth] wrote down for him the princes of Succoth and its elders, seventy-seven men. 15 He came to the men of Succoth and said, “Behold Zebah and Zalmunna, concerning whom you taunted me, saying, ‘IaAre the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna already in your hand, that we should give bread to your men who are weary?’” 16 He took the elders of the city, and thorns of the wilderness and briers, and he Idisciplined the men of Succoth with them. 17 aHe tore down the tower of Penuel and killed the men of the city.

[13] IOr from
[14] ILit of the men of
[15] ILit Is the palm aJg 8:6
[16] ILit made the men...to know
[17] aJg 8:9

18 ¶ Then he said to Zebah and Zalmunna, “What kind of men [were] they whom you killed at Tabor?” And they said, “They were like you, each one Iresembling the son of a king.” 19 He said, “They [were] my brothers, the sons of my mother. [As] the LORD lives, if only you had let them live, I would not kill you.” 20 So he said to Jether his firstborn, “Rise, kill them.” But the youth did not draw his sword, for he was afraid, because he was still a youth. 21 Then Zebah and Zalmunna said, “Rise up yourself, and fall on us; for as the man, so is his strength.” aSo Gideon arose and killed Zebah and Zalmunna, and btook the crescent ornaments which were on their camels’ necks.

[18] ILit like the form of the sons
[21] aPs 83:11 bJg 8:26

22 ¶ Then the men of Israel said to Gideon, “Rule over us, both you and your son, also your son’s son, for you have delivered us from the hand of Midian.” 23 But Gideon said to them, “I will not rule over you, nor shall my son rule over you; athe LORD shall rule over you.” 24 Yet Gideon said to them, “I would Irequest of you, that each of you give me IIan earring from his spoil.” (For they had gold earrings, because they were aIshmaelites.) 25 They said, “We will surely give [them].” So they spread out a garment, and every one of them threw an earring there from his spoil. 26 The weight of the gold earrings that he requested was 1,700 [shekels] of gold, besides the crescent ornaments and the pendants and the purple robes which [were] on the kings of Midian, and besides the neck bands that [were] on their camels’ necks. 27 Gideon made it into aan ephod, and placed it in his city, Ophrah, and all Israel played the harlot with it there, so that it became a snare to Gideon and his household.

[23] a1S 8:7; 10:19; 12:12; Ps 10:16
[24] ILit request a request IIOr a nose ring aGn 25:13-16
[27] aEx 28:6-35; Jg 17:5; 18:14-20

Forty Years of Peace

28 So Midian was subdued before the sons of Israel, and they did not lift up their heads anymore. And the land was undisturbed for forty years in the days of Gideon.

29 ¶ Then aJerubbaal the son of Joash went and lived in his own house. 30 Now Gideon had aseventy sons who Iwere his direct descendants, for he had many wives. 31 His concubine who was in Shechem also bore him a son, and he Inamed him Abimelech. 32 And Gideon the son of Joash died at a ripe old age and was buried in the tomb of his father Joash, in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.

[29] aJg 7:1
[30] ILit came from his loins aJg 9:2, 5
[31] ILit appointed his name

33 ¶ Then it came about, as soon as Gideon was dead, athat the sons of Israel again played the harlot with the Baals, and made bBaal-berith their god. 34 Thus the sons of Israel adid not remember the LORD their God, who had delivered them from the hands of all their enemies on every side; 35 anor did they show kindness to the household of Jerubbaal ([that is], Gideon) in accord with all the good that he had done to Israel.

[33] aJg 2:11, 12 bJg 9:4, 27, 46
[34] aDt 4:9; Jg 3:7
[35] aJg 9:16-18


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Gideon pacifieth the Ephraimites.

1 ¶ And the men of Ephraim said unto him, Why hast thou served us thus, that thou calledst us not, when thou wentest to fight with the Midianites? And they did chide with him sharply. 2 And he said unto them, What have I done now in comparison of you? [Is] not the gleaning of the grapes of Ephraim better than the vintage of Abiezer? 3 God hath delivered into your hands the princes of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb: and what was I able to do in comparison of you? Then their anger was abated toward him, when he had said that.

[1] Jg 12:1; 2S 19:41; Jb 5:2; Ec 4:4; Jm 4:5.
[2] Jg 6:11, 34; 1Co 13:4; Ga 5:14; Php 2:2; Jm 1:19; 3:13.
[3] Jg 7:24; Ps 44:3; 115:1; 118:14; Pv 15:1; 16:32; 25:11, 15; Jn 4:37; Ro 12:3, 6; 15:18; Php 2:3.

Succoth and Penuel refuse to relieve Gideon's army.

4 ¶ And Gideon came to Jordan, [and] passed over, he, and the three hundred men that [were] with him, faint, yet pursuing [them]. 5 And he said unto the men of Succoth, Give, I pray you, loaves of bread unto the people that follow me; for they [be] faint, and I am pursuing after Zebah and Zalmunna, kings of Midian.

[4] 1S 14:28, 31; 30:10; 2Co 4:8, 16; Ga 6:9; He 12:1.
[5] Gn 14:18; 33:17; Dt 23:4; 1S 25:18; 2S 17:28; Ps 60:6; 3Jn 1:6.

6 ¶ And the princes of Succoth said, [Are] the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna now in thine hand, that we should give bread unto thine army? 7 And Gideon said, Therefore when the LORD hath delivered Zebah and Zalmunna into mine hand, then I will tear your flesh with the thorns of the wilderness and with briers.

[6] Gn 25:13; 37:25, 28; Jg 5:23; 1S 25:10; 1K 20:11; 2K 14:9; Pv 18:23; Php 2:21.
[7] Jg 8:16.

8 ¶ And he went up thence to Penuel, and spake unto them likewise: and the men of Penuel answered him as the men of Succoth had answered [him]. 9 And he spake also unto the men of Penuel, saying, When I come again in peace, I will break down this tower.

[8] Gn 32:30; 1K 12:25.
[9] Jg 8:17; 1K 22:27.

Zebah and Zalmunna are taken.

10 ¶ Now Zebah and Zalmunna [were] in Karkor, and their hosts with them, about fifteen thousand [men], all that were left of all the hosts of the children of the east: for there fell an hundred and twenty thousand men that drew sword.

[10] Jg 7:12, 22; 8:11; 20:2, 15, 17, 25, 35, 46; 2K 3:26; 2Ch 13:17; 28:6, 8; Is 37:36.

11 ¶ And Gideon went up by the way of them that dwelt in tents on the east of Nobah and Jogbehah, and smote the host: for the host was secure. 12 And when Zebah and Zalmunna fled, he pursued after them, and took the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and discomfited all the host.

[11] Nu 32:35, 42; Jg 18:27; 1S 15:32; 30:16; 1Th 5:3.
[12] Jsh 10:16, 22; Jb 12:16; 34:19; Ps 83:11; Am 2:14; Rv 6:15; 19:19.

Succoth and Penuel are destroyed.

13 ¶ And Gideon the son of Joash returned from battle before the sun [was up], 14 And caught a young man of the men of Succoth, and enquired of him: and he described unto him the princes of Succoth, and the elders thereof, [even] threescore and seventeen men. 15 And he came unto the men of Succoth, and said, Behold Zebah and Zalmunna, with whom ye did upbraid me, saying, [Are] the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna now in thine hand, that we should give bread unto thy men [that are] weary? 16 And he took the elders of the city, and thorns of the wilderness and briers, and with them he taught the men of Succoth. 17 And he beat down the tower of Penuel, and slew the men of the city.

[13] Jg 8:13.
[14] Jg 1:24; 1S 30:11.
[15] Jg 8:6.
[16] Jg 8:7; Ezr 2:6; Pv 10:13; 19:29; Mi 7:4.
[17] Jg 8:9; 1K 12:25.

Gideon revengeth his brethren's death on Zebah and Zalmunna.

18 ¶ Then said he unto Zebah and Zalmunna, What manner of men [were they] whom ye slew at Tabor? And they answered, As thou [art], so [were] they; each one resembled the children of a king. 19 And he said, They [were] my brethren, [even] the sons of my mother: [as] the LORD liveth, if ye had saved them alive, I would not slay you. 20 And he said unto Jether his firstborn, Up, [and] slay them. But the youth drew not his sword: for he feared, because he [was] yet a youth. 21 Then Zebah and Zalmunna said, Rise thou, and fall upon us: for as the man [is, so is] his strength. And Gideon arose, and slew Zebah and Zalmunna, and took away the ornaments that [were] on their camels' necks.

[18] Jg 4:6; Ps 12:2; 89:12; Jde 1:16.
[20] Jsh 10:24; 1S 15:33; Ps 149:9.
[21] Jg 9:54; 1S 31:3, 5; Ps 83:1; Is 3:18; Rv 9:6.

He refuseth government.

22 ¶ Then the men of Israel said unto Gideon, Rule thou over us, both thou, and thy son, and thy son's son also: for thou hast delivered us from the hand of Midian. 23 And Gideon said unto them, I will not rule over you, neither shall my son rule over you: the LORD shall rule over you.

[22] Jg 9:8; 1S 8:5; 12:12; Jn 6:15.
[23] Jg 2:18; 10:18; 11:9; 1S 8:6; 10:19; 12:12; Is 33:22; 63:19; Lk 22:24; 2Co 1:24; 1P 5:3.

His ephod cause of idolatry.

24 ¶ And Gideon said unto them, I would desire a request of you, that ye would give me every man the earrings of his prey. (For they had golden earrings, because they [were] Ishmaelites.) 25 And they answered, We will willingly give [them]. And they spread a garment, and did cast therein every man the earrings of his prey. 26 And the weight of the golden earrings that he requested was a thousand and seven hundred [shekels] of gold; beside ornaments, and collars, and purple raiment that [was] on the kings of Midian, and beside the chains that [were] about their camels' necks. 27 And Gideon made an ephod thereof, and put it in his city, [even] in Ophrah: and all Israel went thither a whoring after it: which thing became a snare unto Gideon, and to his house.

[24] Gn 16:10; 24:22, 53; 25:13; 37:25, 28; Ex 12:35; 32:3; 1S 25:11; 1K 20:11; 1P 3:3.
[26] Jg 8:21; Es 8:15; Jr 10:9; Ezk 27:7; Lk 16:19; Jn 19:2, 5; Rv 17:4; 18:12, 16.
[27] Ex 23:33; 28:6; Dt 7:16; 12:5; Jg 6:11, 24; 8:32, 33; 17:5; 18:14, 17; 1S 23:9; Ps 73:27; 106:39; Is 8:20; Ho 2:2; 4:12.

Midian subdued.

28 ¶ Thus was Midian subdued before the children of Israel, so that they lifted up their heads no more. And the country was in quietness forty years in the days of Gideon.

[28] Jg 3:11, 30; 5:31; Ps 83:9; Is 9:4; 10:26.

29 ¶ And Jerubbaal the son of Joash went and dwelt in his own house. 30 And Gideon had threescore and ten sons of his body begotten: for he had many wives. 31 And his concubine that [was] in Shechem, she also bare him a son, whose name he called Abimelech.

[29] Jg 6:32; 1S 12:11; Ne 5:14.
[30] Gn 2:24; 7:7; 46:26; Ex 1:5; Dt 17:17; Jg 9:2, 5; 10:4; 12:9, 14; 2S 3:2; 5:13; 1K 11:3; 2K 10:1; Mal 2:15; Mt 19:5; Ep 5:31.
[31] Gn 16:15; 20:2; 22:24; Jg 9:1, 18.

32 ¶ And Gideon the son of Joash died in a good old age, and was buried in the sepulchre of Joash his father, in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.

[32] Gn 15:15; 25:8; Jsh 24:29; Jg 6:24; 8:27; Jb 5:26; 42:17.

The Israelites' idolatry and ingratitude.

33 And it came to pass, as soon as Gideon was dead, that the children of Israel turned again, and went a whoring after Baalim, and made Baalberith their god. 34 And the children of Israel remembered not the LORD their God, who had delivered them out of the hands of all their enemies on every side: 35 Neither shewed they kindness to the house of Jerubbaal, [namely], Gideon, according to all the goodness which he had shewed unto Israel.

[33] Ex 34:15; Jsh 24:31; Jg 2:7, 17, 19; 8:27; 9:4, 46; 2K 12:2; 2Ch 24:17; Jr 3:9.
[34] Ps 78:11, 42; 106:18, 21; Ec 12:1; Jr 2:32.
[35] Jg 9:5, 16; Ec 9:14.


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