David Delivers Keilah
1 Then they told░ David░, saying░, “Behold░, the Philistines░ are fighting░ against aKeilah░ and are plundering░ the threshing░ floors░.” 2 So David░ ainquired░ of the LORD░, saying░, “Shall I go░ and Iattack░ these░ Philistines░?” And the LORD░ said░ to David░, “Go░ and Iattack░ the Philistines░ and deliver░ Keilah░.” 3 But David’s░ men░ said░ to him, “Behold░, we are afraid░ here░ in Judah░. How░ much░░ more░░ then if░ we go░ to Keilah░ against░ the ranks░ of the Philistines░?” 4 Then David░ inquired░ of the LORD░ once░░ more░░. And the LORD░ answered░ him and said░, “Arise░, go░ down░ to Keilah░, for aI will give░ the Philistines░ into your hand░.” 5 So David░ and his men░ went░ to Keilah░ and fought░ with the Philistines░; and he led░ away░ their livestock░ and struck░ them with a great░ slaughter░. Thus David░ delivered░ the inhabitants░ of Keilah░.
6 ¶ Now it came░ about, when Abiathar░ the son░ of Ahimelech░ afled░ to David░ at Keilah░, [that] he came░ down░ [with] an ephod░ in his hand░. 7 When it was told░ Saul░ that David░ had come░ to Keilah░, Saul░ said░, “God░ has Idelivered░ him into my hand░, for he shut░ himself in by entering░ a city░ with double gates░ and bars░.” 8 So Saul░ summoned░ all░ the people░ for war░, to go░ down░ to Keilah░ to besiege░ David░ and his men░. 9 Now David░ knew░ that Saul░ was plotting░ evil░ against░ him; so he said░ to aAbiathar░ the priest░, “bBring░ the ephod░ here░.” 10 Then David░ said░, “O LORD░ God░ of Israel░, Your servant░ has heard░ for certain░ that Saul░ is seeking░ to come░ to Keilah░ to destroy░ the city░ on my account░. 11 Will the men░ of Keilah░ surrender░ me into his hand░? Will Saul░ come░ down░ just░ as Your servant░ has heard░? O LORD░ God░ of Israel░, I pray░, tell░ Your servant░.” And the LORD░ said░, “He will come░ down░.” 12 Then David░ said░, “Will the men░ of Keilah░ surrender░ me and my men░ into the hand░ of Saul░?” And the LORD░ said░, “aThey will surrender░ you.” 13 Then David░ and his men░, aabout six░ hundred░, arose░ and departed░ from Keilah░, and they went░ bwherever░ they could go░. When it was told░ Saul░ that David░ had escaped░ from Keilah░, he Igave░ up the pursuit░. 14 David░ stayed░ in the wilderness░ in the strongholds░, and remained░ in the hill░ country░ in the wilderness░ of aZiph░. And Saul░ sought░ him every░ day░, but bGod░ did not deliver░ him into his hand░.
 a1S 22:20
 ILit alienated
 a1S 22:20 b1S 23:6; 30:7
 aJg 15:10-13; 1S 23:20
 ILit ceased going out a1S 22:2; 25:13 b2S 15:20
 aJsh 15:55; 2Ch 11:8 bPs 32:7
Saul Pursues David
15 ¶ Now David░ Ibecame░ aware░ that Saul░ had come░ out to seek░ his life░ while David░ was in the wilderness░ of Ziph░ at Horesh░. 16 And Jonathan░, Saul’s░ son░, arose░ and went░ to David░ at Horesh░, and Iaencouraged░░ him in God░. 17 Thus he said░ to him, “aDo not be afraid░, because░ the hand░ of Saul░ my father░ will not find░ you, and you will be king░ over░ Israel░ and I will be next░ to you; and bSaul░ my father░ knows░ that also░.” 18 So athe two░ of them made░ a covenant░ before░ the LORD░; and David░ stayed░ at Horesh░ while Jonathan░ went░ to his house░.
 ILit saw
 ILit strengthened his hand a1S 30:6; Ne 2:18
 aPs 27:1, 3; 118:6; Is 54:17; He 13:6 b1S 20:31; 24:20
 a1S 18:3; 20:12-17, 42; 2S 9:1; 21:7
19 ¶ Then aZiphites░ came░ up to Saul░ at Gibeah░, saying░, “Is David░ not hiding░ with us in the strongholds░ at Horesh░, on bthe hill░ of Hachilah░, which░ is on the Isouth░ of IIJeshimon░? 20 Now░ then, O king░, come░ down░ according to all░ the desire░ of your soul░ to Ido░ so░; and aour part [shall be] to surrender░ him into the king’s░ hand░.” 21 Saul░ said░, “May you be blessed░ of the LORD░, afor you have had░ compassion░ on me. 22 Go░ now░, make░ more░ sure░, and investigate░ and see░ his place░ where░░ his Ihaunt░ is, [and] who░ has seen░ him there░; for I am told░ that he is very░ cunning░. 23 So look░, and learn░ about░ all░ the hiding░ places░ where░░ he hides░ himself and return░ to me with certainty░, and I will go░ with you; and if░ he is in the land░, I will search░ him out among all░ the thousands░ of Judah░.”
 ILit right side IIOr the desert a1S 26:1; Ps 54: title b1S 26:3
 ILit come down a1S 23:12
 a1S 22:8
 ILit foot
24 ¶ Then they arose░ and went░ to Ziph░ before░ Saul░. Now David░ and his men░ were in the wilderness░ of aMaon░, in the Arabah░ to the Isouth░ of IIJeshimon░. 25 When Saul░ and his men░ went░ to seek░ [him], they told░ David░, and he came░ down░ to the rock░ and stayed░ in the wilderness░ of Maon░. And when Saul░ heard░ [it], he pursued░ David░ in the wilderness░ of Maon░. 26 Saul░ went░ on one░ side░ of the mountain░, and David░ and his men░ on the other░ side░ of the mountain░; and David░ was hurrying░ to get░ away░ from Saul░, for Saul░ and his men░ awere surrounding░ David░ and his men░ to seize░ them. 27 But a messenger░ came░ to Saul░, saying░, “Hurry░ and come░, for the Philistines░ have made░ a raid░ on the land░.” 28 So Saul░ returned░ from pursuing░ David░ and went░ to meet░ the Philistines░; therefore░░ they called░ that place░ Ithe Rock░ of Escape░. 29 IDavid░ went░ up from there░ and stayed░ in the strongholds░ of aEngedi░.
 ILit right side IIOr the desert aJsh 15:55; 1S 25:2
 aPs 17:9
 IHeb Sela-hammahlekoth
 ICh 24:1 in Heb aJsh 15:62; 2Ch 20:2
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David, enquiring of the LORD by Abiathar, rescueth Keilah.
1 ¶ Then they told║¬ David,║ saying,║¬ Behold,▓ the Philistines║ fight║¬ against Keilah,║ and they▓ rob║¬▓ the threshingfloors.║ 2 Therefore David║ enquired║¬ of the LORD,║ saying,║¬ Shall I go╣¬▓ and smite║¬ these▓ Philistines?║ And the LORD║ said║¬ unto▓ David,║ Go,╣¬▓ and smite║¬ the Philistines,║ and save║¬▓ Keilah.║ 3 And David's║ men╣▓ said║¬ unto▓ him, Behold,▓ we▓ be afraid╣▓ here▓ in Judah:║ how much▓ more then if▓ we come╣¬▓ to Keilah║ against▓ the armies║ of the Philistines?║ 4 Then David║ enquired║¬ of the LORD║ yet▓ again.║¬ And the LORD║ answered║¬ him and said,║¬ Arise,║¬ go down║¬ to Keilah;║ for▓ I▓ will deliver║¬▓ the Philistines║ into thine hand.║ 5 So David║ and his men╣▓ went╣¬▓ to Keilah,║ and fought║¬ with the Philistines,║ and brought away║¬▓ their cattle,║ and smote║¬ them with a great║ slaughter.║ So David║ saved║¬▓ the inhabitants║¬ of Keilah.║ 6 And it came to pass,▓ when Abiathar║ the son║ of Ahimelech║ fled║¬ to▓ David║ to Keilah,║ [that] he came down║¬ [with] an ephod║ in his hand.║
 Lv 26:16; Dt 28:33, 51; Jsh 15:44; Jg 6:4, 11; Ne 3:17; Mi 6:15.
 Nu 27:21; Jsh 9:14; Jg 1:1; 1S 23:1, 4, 6, 9; 30:8; 2S 5:19, 23; 1Ch 14:10; Ps 32:8; Pv 3:5; Jr 10:23.
 1S 23:15, 23, 26; Ps 11:1; Jr 12:5.
 Jsh 8:7; Jg 6:39; 7:7; 1S 28:6; 2S 5:19; 2K 3:18.
 Ex 28:30; 1S 14:3, 18, 36; 22:20.
God shewing him the coming of Saul, and the treachery of the Keilites, he escapeth from Keilah.
7 ¶ And it was told║¬ Saul║ that▓ David║ was come║¬ to Keilah.║ And Saul║ said,║¬ God║ hath delivered║¬ him into mine hand;║ for▓ he is shut in,║¬ by entering║¬ into a town║ that hath gates║ and bars.║ 8 And Saul║ called║¬▓ all▓ the people║ together╣¬ to war,║ to go down║¬ to Keilah,║ to besiege║¬▓ David║ and his men.╣▓
9 ¶ And David║ knew║¬ that▓ Saul║ secretly practised║¬ mischief║ against▓ him; and he said║¬ to▓ Abiathar║ the priest,║ Bring hither║¬ the ephod.║ 10 Then said║¬ David,║ O LORD║ God║ of Israel,║ thy servant║ hath certainly╣¬ heard║¬ that▓ Saul║ seeketh║¬ to come║¬ to▓ Keilah,║ to destroy║¬ the city║ for my sake.▓ 11 Will the men║ of Keilah║ deliver me up║¬ into his hand?║ will Saul║ come down,║¬ as▓ thy servant║ hath heard?║¬ O LORD║ God║ of Israel,║ I beseech thee,▓ tell║¬ thy servant.║ And the LORD║ said,║¬ He will come down.║¬ 12 Then said║¬ David,║ Will the men║ of Keilah║ deliver║¬ me and my men╣▓ into the hand║ of Saul?║ And the LORD║ said,║¬ They will deliver [thee] up.║¬
 Nu 27:21; 1S 14:18; 23:6; 30:7; Jr 11:18; 33:3; Ac 9:24; 14:6; 23:16.
 Gn 18:24; 1S 22:19; 23:8; Es 3:6; Pv 28:15; Ro 3:15.
 Ps 50:15; Jr 33:3; Mt 7:7.
 1S 23:7; Ps 31:8; 62:1; 118:8; Ec 9:14; Is 29:15; He 4:13.
13 ¶ Then David║ and his men,╣▓ [which were] about six║ hundred,║║ arose║¬ and departed║¬ out of Keilah,║▓ and went║¬ whithersoever║ they could go.║¬ And it was told║¬ Saul║ that▓ David║ was escaped║¬ from Keilah;║▓ and he forbare║¬ to go forth.║¬
In Ziph Jonathan cometh and comforteth him.
14 And David║ abode║¬ in the wilderness║ in strong holds,║ and remained║¬ in a mountain║ in the wilderness║ of Ziph.║ And Saul║ sought║¬ him every▓ day,║ but God║ delivered║¬ him not▓ into his hand.║ 15 And David║ saw║¬ that▓ Saul║ was come out║¬ to seek║¬▓ his life:║ and David║ [was] in the wilderness║ of Ziph║ in a wood.║
 Jsh 15:24, 55; 1S 23:7; 27:1; Ps 11:1; 32:7; 37:32; 54:3; Pv 1:16; 4:16; 21:30; Jr 36:26; Ro 8:31; 2Ti 3:11; 4:17.
 Gn 44:30.
16 ¶ And Jonathan║ Saul's║ son║ arose,║¬ and went╣¬▓ to▓ David║ into the wood,║ and strengthened║¬▓ his hand║ in God.║ 17 And he said║¬ unto▓ him, Fear║¬ not:▓ for▓ the hand║ of Saul║ my father║ shall not▓ find║¬ thee; and thou▓ shalt be king║¬ over▓ Israel,║ and I▓ shall be▓ next║ unto thee; and that▓ also▓ Saul║ my father║ knoweth.║¬ 18 And they two║ made║¬ a covenant║ before║ the LORD:║ and David║ abode║¬ in the wood,║ and Jonathan║ went║¬ to his house.║
 Dt 3:28; Ne 2:18; Jb 4:3; 16:5; Pv 27:9, 17; Ec 4:9; Is 35:3; Ezk 13:22; Lk 22:32, 43; Ep 6:10; 2Ti 2:1; He 12:12.
 1S 20:31; 24:20; Jb 5:11; Ps 27:1; 46:1; 91:1; Pv 14:26; 19:21; Is 41:10, 14; 54:17; Lk 12:32; Ac 5:39; 28:16; Ro 15:24; He 13:6.
 1S 18:3; 20:12, 42; 2S 9:1; 21:7.
The Ziphites discover him to Saul.
19 ¶ Then came up║¬ the Ziphites║ to▓ Saul║ to Gibeah,║ saying,║¬ Doth not▓ David║ hide╣¬ himself▓ with▓ us in strong holds║ in the wood,║ in the hill║ of Hachilah,║ which▓ [is] on the south║▓ of Jeshimon?║ 20 Now▓ therefore, O king,║ come down║¬ according to all▓ the desire║ of thy soul║ to come down;║¬ and our part [shall be] to deliver║¬ him into the king's║ hand.║ 21 And Saul║ said,║¬ Blessed║¬ [be] ye▓ of the LORD;║ for▓ ye have compassion║¬ on▓ me. 22 Go,╣¬▓ I pray you,▓ prepare║¬ yet,▓ and know║¬ and see║¬▓ his place║ where▓ his haunt║ is,▓ [and] who▓ hath seen║¬ him there:▓ for▓ it is told║¬▓ me [that] he▓ dealeth very╣¬ subtilly.║¬ 23 See║¬ therefore, and take knowledge║¬ of all▓▓ the lurking places║ where▓ he hideth╣¬ himself,▓ and come ye again║¬ to▓ me with▓ the certainty,║¬ and I will go║¬ with▓ you: and it shall come to pass,▓ if▓ he be║▓ in the land,║ that I will search╣¬ him out▓▓ throughout all▓ the thousands║ of Judah.║ 24 And they arose,║¬ and went╣¬▓ to Ziph║ before║ Saul:║ but David║ and his men╣▓ [were] in the wilderness║ of Maon,║ in the plain║ on▓ the south║ of Jeshimon.║
 1S 22:7; 26:1, 3; Ps 54:1, 3; Pv 29:12.
 Dt 18:6; 2S 3:21; 1K 21:11; 2K 10:5; Ps 54:3; 112:10; Pv 11:23; 29:26.
 Jg 17:2; 1S 22:8; Ps 10:3; Is 66:5; Mi 3:11.
 Jb 5:13.
 Nu 10:36; 2S 17:11; 1K 18:10; Pv 1:16; Mi 5:2; Mk 14:1, 10; Jn 18:2; Ro 3:15.
 Jsh 15:55; 1S 23:19; 25:2.
At Maon he is rescued from Saul by the invasion of the Philistines.
25 Saul║ also and his men╣▓ went╣¬▓ to seek║¬ [him]. And they told║¬ David:║ wherefore he came down║¬ into a rock,║ and abode║¬ in the wilderness║ of Maon.║ And when Saul║ heard║¬ [that], he pursued║¬ after║ David║ in the wilderness║ of Maon.║ 26 And Saul║ went╣¬▓ on this side║║▓ of the mountain,║ and David║ and his men╣▓ on that side║║▓ of the mountain:║ and David║ made haste║¬▓ to get away╣¬▓ for fear╣ of▓▓ Saul;║ for Saul║ and his men╣▓ compassed║¬▓ David║ and his men╣▓ round about╣¬ to take║¬ them.
 Jg 15:8; 1S 23:28.
 1S 19:12; 20:38; 2S 15:14; 17:21; 2Ch 20:12; Ps 17:9, 11; 22:12, 16; 31:22; 118:11; 140:1; 2Co 1:8; Rv 20:9.
27 ¶ But there came║¬ a messenger║ unto▓ Saul,║ saying,║¬ Haste║¬ thee, and come;╣¬▓ for▓ the Philistines║ have invaded║¬▓ the land.║ 28 Wherefore Saul║ returned║¬ from pursuing║¬▓ after║ David,║ and went╣¬▓ against║¬ the Philistines:║ therefore▓▓ they called║¬ that▓ place║ Selahammahlekoth.║▓▓
He dwelleth at En-gedi.
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