NASB — 1 Samuel 23 — KJV

David Delivers Keilah

1 Then they told David, saying, “Behold, the Philistines are fighting against aKeilah and are plundering the threshing floors.” 2 So David ainquired of the LORD, saying, “Shall I go and Iattack these Philistines?” And the LORD said to David, “Go and Iattack the Philistines and deliver Keilah.” 3 But David’s men said to him, “Behold, we are afraid here in Judah. How much more then if we go to Keilah against the ranks of the Philistines?” 4 Then David inquired of the LORD once more. And the LORD answered him and said, “Arise, go down to Keilah, for aI will give the Philistines into your hand.” 5 So David and his men went to Keilah and fought with the Philistines; and he led away their livestock and struck them with a great slaughter. Thus David delivered the inhabitants of Keilah.

[1] aJsh 15:44; Ne 3:17, 18
[2] ILit smite a1S 23:4, 6, 9-12; 2S 5:19, 23
[4] aJsh 8:7; Jg 7:7

6 ¶ Now it came about, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech afled to David at Keilah, [that] he came down [with] an ephod in his hand. 7 When it was told Saul that David had come to Keilah, Saul said, “God has Idelivered him into my hand, for he shut himself in by entering a city with double gates and bars.” 8 So Saul summoned all the people for war, to go down to Keilah to besiege David and his men. 9 Now David knew that Saul was plotting evil against him; so he said to aAbiathar the priest, “bBring the ephod here.” 10 Then David said, “O LORD God of Israel, Your servant has heard for certain that Saul is seeking to come to Keilah to destroy the city on my account. 11 Will the men of Keilah surrender me into his hand? Will Saul come down just as Your servant has heard? O LORD God of Israel, I pray, tell Your servant.” And the LORD said, “He will come down.” 12 Then David said, “Will the men of Keilah surrender me and my men into the hand of Saul?” And the LORD said, “aThey will surrender you.” 13 Then David and his men, aabout six hundred, arose and departed from Keilah, and they went bwherever they could go. When it was told Saul that David had escaped from Keilah, he Igave up the pursuit. 14 David stayed in the wilderness in the strongholds, and remained in the hill country in the wilderness of aZiph. And Saul sought him every day, but bGod did not deliver him into his hand.

[6] a1S 22:20
[7] ILit alienated
[9] a1S 22:20 b1S 23:6; 30:7
[12] aJg 15:10-13; 1S 23:20
[13] ILit ceased going out a1S 22:2; 25:13 b2S 15:20
[14] aJsh 15:55; 2Ch 11:8 bPs 32:7

Saul Pursues David

15 ¶ Now David Ibecame aware that Saul had come out to seek his life while David was in the wilderness of Ziph at Horesh. 16 And Jonathan, Saul’s son, arose and went to David at Horesh, and Iaencouraged him in God. 17 Thus he said to him, “aDo not be afraid, because the hand of Saul my father will not find you, and you will be king over Israel and I will be next to you; and bSaul my father knows that also.” 18 So athe two of them made a covenant before the LORD; and David stayed at Horesh while Jonathan went to his house.

[15] ILit saw
[16] ILit strengthened his hand a1S 30:6; Ne 2:18
[17] aPs 27:1, 3; 118:6; Is 54:17; He 13:6 b1S 20:31; 24:20
[18] a1S 18:3; 20:12-17, 42; 2S 9:1; 21:7

19 ¶ Then aZiphites came up to Saul at Gibeah, saying, “Is David not hiding with us in the strongholds at Horesh, on bthe hill of Hachilah, which is on the Isouth of IIJeshimon? 20 Now then, O king, come down according to all the desire of your soul to Ido so; and aour part [shall be] to surrender him into the king’s hand.” 21 Saul said, “May you be blessed of the LORD, afor you have had compassion on me. 22 Go now, make more sure, and investigate and see his place where his Ihaunt is, [and] who has seen him there; for I am told that he is very cunning. 23 So look, and learn about all the hiding places where he hides himself and return to me with certainty, and I will go with you; and if he is in the land, I will search him out among all the thousands of Judah.”

[19] ILit right side IIOr the desert a1S 26:1; Ps 54: title b1S 26:3
[20] ILit come down a1S 23:12
[21] a1S 22:8
[22] ILit foot

24 ¶ Then they arose and went to Ziph before Saul. Now David and his men were in the wilderness of aMaon, in the Arabah to the Isouth of IIJeshimon. 25 When Saul and his men went to seek [him], they told David, and he came down to the rock and stayed in the wilderness of Maon. And when Saul heard [it], he pursued David in the wilderness of Maon. 26 Saul went on one side of the mountain, and David and his men on the other side of the mountain; and David was hurrying to get away from Saul, for Saul and his men awere surrounding David and his men to seize them. 27 But a messenger came to Saul, saying, “Hurry and come, for the Philistines have made a raid on the land.” 28 So Saul returned from pursuing David and went to meet the Philistines; therefore they called that place Ithe Rock of Escape. 29 IDavid went up from there and stayed in the strongholds of aEngedi.

[24] ILit right side IIOr the desert aJsh 15:55; 1S 25:2
[26] aPs 17:9
[28] IHeb Sela-hammahlekoth
[29] ICh 24:1 in Heb aJsh 15:62; 2Ch 20:2


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David, enquiring of the LORD by Abiathar, rescueth Keilah.

1 ¶ Then they told¬ David, saying,¬ Behold, the Philistines fight¬ against Keilah, and they rob¬ the threshingfloors. 2 Therefore David enquired¬ of the LORD, saying,¬ Shall I go¬ and smite¬ these Philistines? And the LORD said¬ unto David, Go,¬ and smite¬ the Philistines, and save¬ Keilah. 3 And David's men said¬ unto him, Behold, we be afraid here in Judah: how much more then if we come¬ to Keilah against the armies of the Philistines? 4 Then David enquired¬ of the LORD yet again.¬ And the LORD answered¬ him and said,¬ Arise,¬ go down¬ to Keilah; for I will deliver¬ the Philistines into thine hand. 5 So David and his men went¬ to Keilah, and fought¬ with the Philistines, and brought away¬ their cattle, and smote¬ them with a great slaughter. So David saved¬ the inhabitants¬ of Keilah. 6 And it came to pass, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled¬ to David to Keilah, [that] he came down¬ [with] an ephod in his hand.

[1] Lv 26:16; Dt 28:33, 51; Jsh 15:44; Jg 6:4, 11; Ne 3:17; Mi 6:15.
[2] Nu 27:21; Jsh 9:14; Jg 1:1; 1S 23:1, 4, 6, 9; 30:8; 2S 5:19, 23; 1Ch 14:10; Ps 32:8; Pv 3:5; Jr 10:23.
[3] 1S 23:15, 23, 26; Ps 11:1; Jr 12:5.
[4] Jsh 8:7; Jg 6:39; 7:7; 1S 28:6; 2S 5:19; 2K 3:18.
[6] Ex 28:30; 1S 14:3, 18, 36; 22:20.

God shewing him the coming of Saul, and the treachery of the Keilites, he escapeth from Keilah.

7 ¶ And it was told¬ Saul that David was come¬ to Keilah. And Saul said,¬ God hath delivered¬ him into mine hand; for he is shut in,¬ by entering¬ into a town that hath gates and bars. 8 And Saul called¬ all the people together¬ to war, to go down¬ to Keilah, to besiege¬ David and his men.

[7] Ex 14:3; 15:9; Jg 16:2; 1S 23:14; 24:4; 26:8; Jb 20:5; Ps 71:10; Lk 19:43.

9 ¶ And David knew¬ that Saul secretly practised¬ mischief against him; and he said¬ to Abiathar the priest, Bring hither¬ the ephod. 10 Then said¬ David, O LORD God of Israel, thy servant hath certainly¬ heard¬ that Saul seeketh¬ to come¬ to Keilah, to destroy¬ the city for my sake. 11 Will the men of Keilah deliver me up¬ into his hand? will Saul come down,¬ as thy servant hath heard?¬ O LORD God of Israel, I beseech thee, tell¬ thy servant. And the LORD said,¬ He will come down.¬ 12 Then said¬ David, Will the men of Keilah deliver¬ me and my men into the hand of Saul? And the LORD said,¬ They will deliver [thee] up.¬

[9] Nu 27:21; 1S 14:18; 23:6; 30:7; Jr 11:18; 33:3; Ac 9:24; 14:6; 23:16.
[10] Gn 18:24; 1S 22:19; 23:8; Es 3:6; Pv 28:15; Ro 3:15.
[11] Ps 50:15; Jr 33:3; Mt 7:7.
[12] 1S 23:7; Ps 31:8; 62:1; 118:8; Ec 9:14; Is 29:15; He 4:13.

13 ¶ Then David and his men, [which were] about six hundred, arose¬ and departed¬ out of Keilah, and went¬ whithersoever they could go.¬ And it was told¬ Saul that David was escaped¬ from Keilah; and he forbare¬ to go forth.¬

[13] 1S 22:2; 25:13; 30:9.

In Ziph Jonathan cometh and comforteth him.

14 And David abode¬ in the wilderness in strong holds, and remained¬ in a mountain in the wilderness of Ziph. And Saul sought¬ him every day, but God delivered¬ him not into his hand. 15 And David saw¬ that Saul was come out¬ to seek¬ his life: and David [was] in the wilderness of Ziph in a wood.

[14] Jsh 15:24, 55; 1S 23:7; 27:1; Ps 11:1; 32:7; 37:32; 54:3; Pv 1:16; 4:16; 21:30; Jr 36:26; Ro 8:31; 2Ti 3:11; 4:17.
[15] Gn 44:30.

16 ¶ And Jonathan Saul's son arose,¬ and went¬ to David into the wood, and strengthened¬ his hand in God. 17 And he said¬ unto him, Fear¬ not: for the hand of Saul my father shall not find¬ thee; and thou shalt be king¬ over Israel, and I shall be next unto thee; and that also Saul my father knoweth.¬ 18 And they two made¬ a covenant before the LORD: and David abode¬ in the wood, and Jonathan went¬ to his house.

[16] Dt 3:28; Ne 2:18; Jb 4:3; 16:5; Pv 27:9, 17; Ec 4:9; Is 35:3; Ezk 13:22; Lk 22:32, 43; Ep 6:10; 2Ti 2:1; He 12:12.
[17] 1S 20:31; 24:20; Jb 5:11; Ps 27:1; 46:1; 91:1; Pv 14:26; 19:21; Is 41:10, 14; 54:17; Lk 12:32; Ac 5:39; 28:16; Ro 15:24; He 13:6.
[18] 1S 18:3; 20:12, 42; 2S 9:1; 21:7.

The Ziphites discover him to Saul.

19 ¶ Then came up¬ the Ziphites to Saul to Gibeah, saying,¬ Doth not David hide¬ himself with us in strong holds in the wood, in the hill of Hachilah, which [is] on the south of Jeshimon? 20 Now therefore, O king, come down¬ according to all the desire of thy soul to come down;¬ and our part [shall be] to deliver¬ him into the king's hand. 21 And Saul said,¬ Blessed¬ [be] ye of the LORD; for ye have compassion¬ on me. 22 Go,¬ I pray you, prepare¬ yet, and know¬ and see¬ his place where his haunt is, [and] who hath seen¬ him there: for it is told¬ me [that] he dealeth very¬ subtilly.¬ 23 See¬ therefore, and take knowledge¬ of all the lurking places where he hideth¬ himself, and come ye again¬ to me with the certainty,¬ and I will go¬ with you: and it shall come to pass, if he be in the land, that I will search¬ him out throughout all the thousands of Judah. 24 And they arose,¬ and went¬ to Ziph before Saul: but David and his men [were] in the wilderness of Maon, in the plain on the south of Jeshimon.

[19] 1S 22:7; 26:1, 3; Ps 54:1, 3; Pv 29:12.
[20] Dt 18:6; 2S 3:21; 1K 21:11; 2K 10:5; Ps 54:3; 112:10; Pv 11:23; 29:26.
[21] Jg 17:2; 1S 22:8; Ps 10:3; Is 66:5; Mi 3:11.
[22] Jb 5:13.
[23] Nu 10:36; 2S 17:11; 1K 18:10; Pv 1:16; Mi 5:2; Mk 14:1, 10; Jn 18:2; Ro 3:15.
[24] Jsh 15:55; 1S 23:19; 25:2.

At Maon he is rescued from Saul by the invasion of the Philistines.

25 Saul also and his men went¬ to seek¬ [him]. And they told¬ David: wherefore he came down¬ into a rock, and abode¬ in the wilderness of Maon. And when Saul heard¬ [that], he pursued¬ after David in the wilderness of Maon. 26 And Saul went¬ on this side of the mountain, and David and his men on that side of the mountain: and David made haste¬ to get away¬ for fear of Saul; for Saul and his men compassed¬ David and his men round about¬ to take¬ them.

[25] Jg 15:8; 1S 23:28.
[26] 1S 19:12; 20:38; 2S 15:14; 17:21; 2Ch 20:12; Ps 17:9, 11; 22:12, 16; 31:22; 118:11; 140:1; 2Co 1:8; Rv 20:9.

27 ¶ But there came¬ a messenger unto Saul, saying,¬ Haste¬ thee, and come;¬ for the Philistines have invaded¬ the land. 28 Wherefore Saul returned¬ from pursuing¬ after David, and went¬ against¬ the Philistines: therefore they called¬ that place Selahammahlekoth.

[27] Gn 22:14; Dt 32:36; 2K 19:9; 1Ch 14:13; Ps 116:3; Rv 12:16.
[28] 1S 23:28.

He dwelleth at En-gedi.

29 ¶ And David went up¬ from thence, and dwelt¬ in strong holds at Engedi.

[29] Gn 14:7; Jsh 15:62; 1S 24:1; 2Ch 20:2; Ps 63:1; So 1:14; Ezk 47:10.


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