Pharaoh in Pursuit
1 Now the LORD° spoke° to Moses°, saying°, 2 “Tell° the sons° of Israel° to turn° back° and camp° before° aPi-hahiroth°, between° bMigdol° and the sea°; you shall camp° in front° of Baal-zephon°, opposite° it, by the sea°. 3 For Pharaoh° will say° of the sons° of Israel°, ‘They are wandering° aimlessly° in the land°; the wilderness° has shut° them in.’ 4 Thus aI will Iharden° Pharaoh’s° heart°, and bhe will chase° after° them; and I will be honored° through Pharaoh° and all° his army°, and cthe Egyptians° will know° that I am the LORD°.” And they did° so°.
5 ¶ When the king° of Egypt° was told° that the people° had fled°, IPharaoh° and his servants° had° a change° of heart° toward° the people°, and they said°, “What° is this° we have done°, that we have let° Israel° go° from serving° us?” 6 So he made° his chariot° ready° and took° his people° with him; 7 and he took° six° hundred° select° chariots°, and all° the [other] chariots° of Egypt° with officers° over° all° of them. 8 aThe LORD° Ihardened° the heart° of Pharaoh°, king° of Egypt°, and he chased° after° the sons° of Israel° as the sons° of Israel° were going° out IIbboldly°°. 9 Then athe Egyptians° chased° after° them [with] all° the horses° [and] chariots° of Pharaoh°, his horsemen° and his army°, and they overtook° them camping° by the sea°, bbeside° Pi-hahiroth°, in front° of Baal-zephon°.
 ILit the heart of Pharaoh...was changed
 ILit made strong IILit with a high hand aEx 14:4 bNu 33:3; Ac 13:17
 aEx 15:9; Jsh 24:6 bEx 14:2
10 ¶ As Pharaoh° drew° near°, the sons° of Israel° Ilooked°°, and behold°, the Egyptians° were marching° after° them, and they became° very° frightened°; aso the sons° of Israel° cried° out to the LORD°. 11 Then athey said° to Moses°, “Is it because°° there° were no° graves° in Egypt° that you have taken° us away to die° in the wilderness°? Why° have you dealt° with us in this° way°, Ibringing° us out of Egypt°? 12 aIs this° not the word° that we spoke° to you in Egypt°, saying°, ‘ILeave° us alone° that we may serve° the Egyptians°’? For it would have been better° for us to serve° the Egyptians° than° to die° in the wilderness°.”
 ILit lifted up their eyes aJsh 24:7; Ne 9:9; Ps 34:17; 107:6
 ILit so as to bring aEx 5:21; 15:24; 16:2; Ps 106:7, 8
 ILit Cease from us aEx 6:9
The Sea Is Divided
13 But Moses° said° to the people°, “aDo not fear°! IStand° by and see° bthe salvation° of the LORD° which° He will accomplish° for you today°; for the Egyptians° whom° you have seen° today°, you will never°° see° them again° forever°°. 14 aThe LORD° will fight° for you while byou keep° silent°.”
 IOr Take your stand aGn 15:1; 46:3; Ex 20:20; 2Ch 20:15, 17; Is 41:10, 13, 14 bEx 14:30; 15:2
 aEx 14:25; 15:3; Dt 1:30; 3:22; Jsh 23:3; 2Ch 20:29; Ne 4:20 bIs 30:15
15 ¶ Then the LORD° said° to Moses°, “Why° are you crying° out to Me? Tell° the sons° of Israel° to go° forward°. 16 As for you, lift° up ayour staff° and stretch° out your hand° over° the sea° and divide° it, and the sons° of Israel° shall Igo° through° the midst° of the sea° on dry° land°. 17 As for Me, behold°, aI will Iharden° the hearts° of the Egyptians° so that they will go° in after° them; and I will be honored° through Pharaoh° and all° his army°, through his chariots° and his horsemen°. 18 aThen the Egyptians° will know° that I am the LORD°, when I am honored° through Pharaoh°, through his chariots° and his horsemen°.”
 ILit enter the aEx 4:17, 20; 7:19; 14:21, 26; 17:5, 6, 9; Nu 20:8, 9, 11; Is 10:26
 ILit make strong aEx 14:4, 8
 aEx 14:25
19 ¶ aThe angel° of God°, who had been going° before° the camp° of Israel°, moved° and went° behind°° them; and the pillar° of cloud° moved° from before°° them and stood° behind°° them. 20 So it came° between° the camp° of Egypt° and the camp° of Israel°; and there was the cloud° Ialong with the darkness°, yet it gave° light° at night°. Thus the one° did not come° near° the other° all° night°.
21 ¶ aThen Moses° stretched° out his hand° over° the sea°; and the LORD° Iswept° the sea° [back] by a strong° east° wind° all° night° and turned° the sea° into bdry° land°, so cthe waters° were divided°. 22 aThe sons° of Israel° Iwent° through° the midst° of the sea° on the dry° land°, and bthe waters° [were like] a wall° to them on their right° hand° and on their left°. 23 Then athe Egyptians° took° up the pursuit°, and all° Pharaoh’s° horses°, his chariots° and his horsemen° went° in after° them into the midst° of the sea°. 24 At the morning° watch°, athe LORD° looked° down° on the Iarmy° of the Egyptians° IIthrough the pillar° of fire° and cloud° and brought° the Iarmy° of the Egyptians° into confusion°. 25 He Icaused their chariot° wheels° to swerve°, and He made them drive° with difficulty°; so the Egyptians° said°, “Let IIus flee° from Israel°, afor the LORD° is fighting° for them against the Egyptians°.”
 ILit caused to go aEx 7:19; 14:16 bPs 66:6; 106:9; 136:13, 14 cEx 15:8; Jsh 3:16; 4:23; Ne 9:11; Ps 74:13; 78:13; 114:3, 5; Is 63:12, 13
 ILit entered the aEx 15:19; Jsh 3:17; 4:22; Ne 9:11; Ps 66:6; 78:13; He 11:29 bEx 14:29; 15:8
 aEx 14:4, 17
 ILit camp IIOr in aEx 13:21
 IOr removed IILit me aEx 14:4, 14, 18
26 ¶ Then the LORD° said° to Moses°, “aStretch° out your hand° over° the sea° so that the waters° may come° back° over° the Egyptians°, over° their chariots° and their horsemen°.” 27 So Moses° stretched° out his hand° over° the sea°, and athe sea° returned° to its normal° state° at daybreak°, while the Egyptians° were fleeing° Iright° into it; then the LORD° IIboverthrew° the Egyptians° in the midst° of the sea°. 28 The waters° returned° and covered° the chariots° and the horsemen°, Ieven Pharaoh’s° entire° army° that had gone° into the sea° after° them; anot even° one° of them remained°. 29 But the sons° of Israel° walked° on adry° land° through the midst° of the sea°, and the waters° [were like] a wall° to them on their right° hand° and on their left°.
 aEx 14:16
 ILit to meet it IILit shook off aJsh 4:18 bEx 15:1, 7; Dt 11:4; Ne 9:11; Ps 78:53; He 11:29
 ILit in respect to aPs 78:53; 106:11
 aEx 14:22; Ps 66:6; Is 11:15
30 ¶ aThus the LORD° saved° Israel° that day° from the hand° of the Egyptians°, and Israel° bsaw° the Egyptians° dead° on the seashore°°. 31 When Israel° saw° the great° Ipower° which° the LORD° had IIused° against the Egyptians°, the people° IIIfeared° the LORD°, and athey believed° in the LORD° and in His servant° Moses°.
 aEx 14:13; Ps 106:8, 10; Is 63:8, 11 bPs 58:10; 59:10
 ILit hand IILit done IIIOr revered aEx 4:31; 19:9; Ps 106:12; Jn 2:11; 11:45
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God instructeth the Israelites in their journey.
1 ¶ And the LORDº spakeºª unto² Moses,º saying,ºª 2 Speakºª unto² the childrenº of Israel,º that they turnºª and encampºª beforeº Pihahiroth,º between² Migdolº and the sea,º over againstº Baalzephon:º beforeº it shall ye encampºª by² the sea.º 3 For Pharaohº will sayºª of the childrenº of Israel,º They² [are] entangledºª in the land,º the wildernessº hath shut them in.ºª² 4 And I will hardenºª² Pharaoh'sº heart,º that he shall followºª afterº them; and I will be honouredºª upon Pharaoh,º and upon all² his host;º that the Egyptiansº may knowºª that² I² [am] the LORD.º And they didºª so.²
 Ex 12:1; 13:1.
 Ex 13:17; 14:9; Nu 33:7; Jr 44:1; 46:14; Ezk 29:10.
 Ex 7:3; Dt 31:21; Jg 16:2; 1S 23:7, 23; Ps 3:2; 71:11; 139:2, 4; Jr 20:10; Ezk 38:10, 17; Ac 4:28.
 Ex 4:21; 7:3, 5, 13, 17; 9:16; 14:8, 17, 18; 15:10, 14; 18:11; Ne 9:10; Is 2:11; Ezk 20:9; 28:22; 39:13; Dn 4:30; Ro 9:17, 22; 11:8; Rv 19:1.
Pharaoh pursueth after them.
5 ¶ And it was toldºª the kingº of Egyptº that² the peopleº fled:ºª and the heartº of Pharaohº and of his servantsº was turnedºª against² the people,º and they said,ºª Why² have we doneºª this,² that² we have let² Israelº goºª from servingºª² us? 6 And he made readyºª² his chariot,º and tookºª his peopleº with² him: 7 And he tookºª sixº hundredº chosenºª chariots,º and all² the chariotsº of Egypt,º and captainsº over² every one² of them. 8 And the LORDº hardenedºª² the heartº of Pharaohº kingº of Egypt,º and he pursuedºª afterº the childrenº of Israel:º and the childrenº of Israelº went outºª with an highºª hand.º 9 But the Egyptiansº pursuedºª afterº them, all² the horsesº [and] chariotsº of Pharaoh,º and his horsemen,º and his army,º and overtookºª them encampingºª by² the sea,º beside² Pihahiroth,º beforeº Baalzephon.º
 Ex 12:33; Ps 105:25; Jr 34:10; Lk 11:24; 2P 2:20.
 Ex 14:23; Nu 21:23; Dt 2:32; 3:1.
 Ex 14:23; 15:4; Jsh 17:16; Jg 4:3, 15; Ps 20:7; 68:17; Is 37:24.
 Ex 6:1; 13:9, 16, 18; 14:4; Nu 33:3; Dt 26:8; 32:27; Ps 86:13; Ac 13:17.
 Ex 14:2; 15:9; Jsh 24:6.
The Israelites murmur.
10 ¶ And when Pharaohº drew nigh,ºª the childrenº of Israelº lifted upºª² their eyes,º and, behold,² the Egyptiansº marchedºª afterº them; and they were soreº afraid:ºª and the childrenº of Israelº cried outºª unto² the LORD.º 11 And they saidºª unto² Moses,º Because²² [there were] no² gravesº in Egypt,º hast thou taken us awayºª to dieºª in the wilderness?º wherefore¹² hast thou dealtºª thus² with us, to carry us forthºª out of Egypt?º² 12 [Is] not² this² the wordº that² we did tellºª² thee in Egypt,º saying,ºª Let us alone,ºª² that we may serveºª² the Egyptians?º For² [it had been] betterº for us to serveºª² the Egyptians,º than that we should dieºª² in the wilderness.º
 Jsh 24:7; 2Ch 18:31; Ne 9:9; Ps 34:17; 53:5; 106:44; 107:6, 13, 19, 28; Is 7:2; 8:12; 26:16; 51:12; Jr 22:23; Mt 8:25, 26; 14:30; 1Jn 4:18.
 Gn 43:6; Ex 5:22; 15:23; 16:2; 17:2; Nu 11:1, 15; 14:1; 16:41; Ps 106:7.
 Ex 3:9; 5:21; Ho 4:17; Jna 4:3, 8; Mk 1:24; 5:7, 17.
Moses comforteth them.
13 ¶ And Mosesº saidºª unto² the people,º Fearºª ye not,² stand still,ºª and seeºª² the salvationº of the LORD,º which² he will shewºª to you to day:º for²² the Egyptiansº whom² ye have seenºª to day,º ye shall seeºª them again¹ª² no² more² for¹ ever.º² 14 The LORDº shall fightºª for you, and ye² shall hold your peace.ºª
 Gn 49:18; Ex 14:30; 15:1, 4, 10, 19, 21; Nu 14:9; Dt 20:3; 2K 6:16; 1Ch 11:14; 2Ch 20:15, 17; Ne 9:9; Ps 3:8; 27:1; 46:1; Is 26:3; 30:15; 35:4; 41:10; 43:11; Jr 3:23; Lm 3:26; Ho 13:4, 9; Hab 3:8, 13; Mt 28:5.
 Ex 14:25; 15:3; Dt 1:30; 3:22; 20:4; Jsh 10:10, 14, 42; 23:3, 10; Jg 5:20; 2Ch 20:17, 29; Ne 4:20; Ps 50:3; 83:1; Is 30:15; 31:4.
God instructeth Moses.
15 ¶ And the LORDº saidºª unto² Moses,º Wherefore² criestºª thou unto² me? speakºª unto² the childrenº of Israel,º that they go forward:ºª 16 But lift thou upºª²² thy rod,º and stretch outºª² thine handº over² the sea,º and divideºª it: and the childrenº of Israelº shall goºª on dryº [ground] through the midstº of the sea.º 17 And I,² behold,² I will hardenºª² the heartsº of the Egyptians,º and they shall followºª² them:¹ and I will get me honourºª upon Pharaoh,º and upon all² his host,º upon his chariots,º and upon his horsemen.º 18 And the Egyptiansº shall knowºª that² I² [am] the LORD,º when I have gotten me honourºª upon Pharaoh,º upon his chariots,º and upon his horsemen.º
 Ex 17:4; Jsh 7:10; Ezr 10:4; Ne 9:9.
 Ex 4:2, 17, 20; 7:9, 19; 14:21, 26.
 Gn 6:17; 9:9; Ex 4:23; 7:3, 13; 14:4, 8, 18; Lv 26:28; Dt 32:39; Is 48:15; 51:12; Jr 23:39; Ezk 5:8; 6:3; 34:11, 20; Ho 5:14.
 Ex 7:5, 17; 14:4.
The cloud removeth behind the camp.
19 ¶ And the angelº of God,º which wentºª beforeº the campº of Israel,º removedºª and went¹ª² behindº² them; and the pillarº of the cloudº wentºª from before their face,º² and stoodºª behindº² them: 20 And it cameºª between² the campº of the Egyptiansº and the campº of Israel;º and it was² a cloudº and darknessº [to them], but it gave lightºª² by nightº [to these]: so that the one² came not nearºª² the otherº all² the night.º
The Israelites pass through the Red Sea,
21 And Mosesº stretched outºª² his handº over² the sea;º and the LORDº caused² the seaº to go¹ª² [back] by a strongº eastº windº all² that night,º and madeºª² the seaº dryº [land], and the watersº were divided.ºª 22 And the childrenº of Israelº wentºª into the midstº of the seaº upon the dryº [ground]: and the watersº [were] a wallº unto them on their right hand,º² and on their left.º²
 Ex 14:16; 15:8; Jsh 3:13; 4:23; Ne 9:11; Jb 26:12; Ps 66:6; 74:13; 78:13; 106:7; 114:3; 136:13; Is 51:10, 15; 63:12.
 Ex 14:29; 15:8, 19; Nu 33:8; Ps 66:6; 78:13; Is 63:13; Hab 3:8; Zc 2:5; 1Co 10:1; He 11:29.
which drowneth the Egyptians.
23 ¶ And the Egyptiansº pursued,ºª and went inºª afterº them to² the midstº of the sea,º [even] all² Pharaoh'sº horses,º his chariots,º and his horsemen.º 24 And it came to pass,² that in the morningº watchº the LORDº lookedºª unto² the hostº of the Egyptiansº through the pillarº of fireº and of the cloud,º and troubledºª² the hostº of the Egyptians,º 25 And took offºª² their chariotº wheels,º that they draveºª them heavily:º so that the Egyptiansº said,ºª Let us fleeºª from the faceº² of Israel;º for² the LORDº fightethºª for them against the Egyptians.º
 Ex 14:17; 15:9, 19; 1K 22:20; Ec 9:3; Is 14:24.
 Ex 14:19, 25; 1S 11:11; Jb 22:13; 23:15; 34:20, 29; 40:12; Ps 18:13; 48:5; 77:16; 104:32.
 Ex 14:14; Dt 3:22; Jg 4:15; 1S 4:7; Jb 11:20; 20:24; 27:22; Ps 46:9; 68:12; 76:6; Jr 51:21; Am 1:14; 5:19; 9:1.
26 ¶ And the LORDº saidºª unto² Moses,º Stretch outºª² thine handº over² the sea,º that the watersº may come againºª upon² the Egyptians,º upon² their chariots,º and upon² their horsemen.º 27 And Mosesº stretched forthºª² his handº over² the sea,º and the seaº returnedºª to his strengthº when the morningº appeared;ºª and the Egyptiansº fledºª againstºª it; and the LORDº overthrewºª² the Egyptiansº in the midstº of the sea.º 28 And the watersº returned,ºª and coveredºª² the chariots,º and the horsemen,º [and] all² the hostº of Pharaohº that cameºª into the seaº afterº them; there remainedºª not² so much asº oneº of them. 29 But the childrenº of Israelº walkedºª upon dryº [land] in the midstº of the sea;º and the watersº [were] a wallº unto them on their right hand,º² and on their left.º² 30 Thus the LORDº savedºª² Israelº that² dayº out of the handº² of the Egyptians;º and Israelº sawºª² the Egyptiansº deadºª upon² the seaº shore.º 31 And Israelº sawºª² that greatº workº which² the LORDº didºª upon the Egyptians:º and the peopleº fearedºª² the LORD,º and believedºª the LORD,º and his servantº Moses.º
 Ex 1:22; 7:19; 8:5; 14:16; Jg 1:6; Mt 7:2; 8:27; Jm 2:13; Rv 16:6.
 Ex 14:21; 15:1; Jsh 4:18; Jg 5:20.
 Ex 14:13; 15:10; Dt 11:4; 2Ch 20:24; Ne 9:11; Ps 78:53; 106:9; 136:15; Hab 3:8, 13; He 11:29.
 Ex 14:22; Jsh 3:16; Jb 38:8; Ps 66:6; 77:19; 78:52; Is 43:2; 51:10, 13; 63:12.
 Ex 14:13; 1S 14:23; 2Ch 32:22; Ps 58:10; 59:10; 91:8; 92:9; 106:8, 10; Is 63:9; Jde 1:5.
 Ex 4:31; 19:9; 1S 12:18; 2Ch 20:20; Ps 106:12; 119:120; Lk 8:13; Jn 2:11, 23; 8:30; 11:45; Ac 8:13.
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