NASB — Jeremiah 46 — KJV

Defeat of Pharaoh Foretold

1 That which came as the word of the LORD to Jeremiah the prophet aconcerning the nations.

[1] aJr 1:10; 25:15-38

2 ¶ To aEgypt, concerning the army of bPharaoh Neco king of Egypt, which was by the Euphrates River at cCarchemish, which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon defeated in the dfourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah:
  3aLine up the shield and Ibuckler,
  And draw near for the battle!
  4 “Harness the horses,
  And Imount the steeds,
  And take your stand with helmets [on]!
  aPolish the spears,
  Put on the bscale-armor!
  5 “Why have I seen [it]?
  They are terrified,
  They are adrawing back,
  And their bmighty men are defeated
  And have taken refuge in flight,
  Without facing back;
  IcTerror is on every side!”
  Declares the LORD.
  6 Let not the aswift man flee,
  Nor the mighty man escape;
  In the north beside the river Euphrates
  They have bstumbled and fallen.
  7 Who is this that arises like the Nile,
  Like the rivers whose waters surge about?
  8 Egypt rises like the Nile,
  Even like the rivers whose waters surge about;
  And He has said, “I will arise and cover [that] land;
  I will surely bdestroy the city and its inhabitants.”
  9 Go up, you horses, and Iadrive madly, you chariots,
  That the mighty men may IImarch forward:
  Ethiopia and IIIbPut, that handle the shield,
  And the IVcLydians, that handle [and] bend the bow.
  10 For athat day belongs to the Lord IGOD of hosts,
  A day of bvengeance, so as to avenge Himself on His foes;
  And the csword will devour and be satiated
  And IIdrink its fill of their blood;
  For there will be a dslaughter for the Lord IGOD of hosts,
  In the land of the north by the river Euphrates.
  11 Go aup to Gilead and obtain balm,
  bO virgin daughter of Egypt!
  In vain have you multiplied Iremedies;
  There is cno healing for you.
  12 The nations have heard of your ashame,
  And the earth is full of your bcry [of distress];
  For one cwarrior has stumbled over Ianother,
  And both of them have fallen down together.

[2] aJr 46:14; Ezk chs 29-32 b2K 18:21; 23:29, 33-35; Jr 25:19 c2Ch 35:20; Is 10:9 dJr 45:1
[3] II.e. small shield aIs 21:5; Jr 51:11; Jol 3:9; Na 2:1; 3:14
[4] IOr go up, you horsemen aEzk 21:9-11 b1S 17:5, 38; 2Ch 26:14; Ne 4:16; Jr 51:3
[5] IHeb Magor-missabib; i.e. Terror is on every side aIs 42:17; Jr 46:21 bIs 5:25; Ezk 39:18 cJr 6:25; 20:3; 49:29
[6] aIs 30:16 bJr 46:12, 16; Dn 11:19
[7] aJr 47:2
[8] aIs 37:24 bIs 10:13
[9] ILit act like madmen IILit go forth IIII.e. Libya (or Somaliland) IVHeb Ludim aJr 47:3; Na 2:4 bNa 3:9 cIs 66:19
[10] IHeb YHWH, usually rendered LORD IILit be saturated with aJol 1:15 bJr 50:15, 18 cDt 32:42; Is 31:8; Jr 12:12 dIs 34:6; Zp 1:7
[11] ILit healings aJr 8:22 bIs 47:1; Jr 31:4, 21 cJr 30:13; Mi 1:9; Na 3:19
[12] ILit warrior aJr 2:36; Na 3:8-10 bJr 14:2 cIs 19:2

13 ¶ [This is] the Imessage which the LORD spoke to Jeremiah the prophet about the acoming of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon to bsmite the land of Egypt:
  14 “Declare in Egypt and proclaim in aMigdol,
  Proclaim also in Memphis and bTahpanhes;
  Say, ‘Take your stand and get yourself ready,
  For the csword has devoured those around you.’
  15 “Why have your amighty ones become prostrate?
  They do not stand because the LORD has bthrust them down.
  16 “They have repeatedly astumbled;
  Indeed, they have fallen one against another.
  Then they said, ‘Get up! And blet us go back
  To our own people and our native land
  Away from the Icsword of the oppressor.’
  17IThey cried there, ‘Pharaoh king of Egypt [is but] aa big noise;
  He has let the appointed time pass by!’
  18 “As I live,” declares the aKing
  Whose name is the LORD of hosts,
  “Surely one shall come [who looms up] like bTabor among the mountains,
  Or like cCarmel by the sea.
  19 “Make your baggage ready for aexile,
  O bdaughter dwelling in Egypt,
  For cMemphis will become a desolation;
  It will even be burned down [and] Ibereft of inhabitants.
  20 “Egypt is a pretty aheifer,
  [But] a Ihorsefly is coming bfrom the north—it is coming!
  21 “Also her amercenaries in her midst
  Are like Ifattened bcalves,
  For even they too have turned back [and] have fled away together;
  They did not stand [their ground].
  For the day of their calamity has come upon them,
  The time of their cpunishment.
  22 “Its sound moves along like a serpent;
  For they move on Ilike an army
  And come to her as woodcutters with axes.
  23 “They have cut down her aforest,” declares the LORD;
  “Surely it will no [more] be found,
  Even though Ithey are [now] more numerous than blocusts
  And are without number.
  24 “The daughter of Egypt has been put to shame,
  Given over to the Ipower of the apeople of the north.”

[13] ILit word aJr 43:10-13 bIs 19:1
[14] aJr 44:1 bJr 43:8 cIs 1:20; Jr 2:30; 46:10; Na 2:13
[15] aIs 66:15, 16; Jr 46:5 bPs 18:14, 39; 68:1, 2
[16] ILit oppressing sword aLv 26:36, 37; Jr 46:6 bJr 51:9 cJr 50:16
[17] ISome ancient versions read Call the name of Pharaoh a big noise aEx 15:9, 10; 1K 20:10, 11; Is 19:11-16
[18] aJr 48:15; Mal 1:14 bJsh 19:22; Jg 4:6; Ps 89:12 cJsh 12:22; 1K 18:42
[19] ILit without aIs 20:4 bJr 48:18 cJr 46:14; Ezk 30:13
[20] IOr possibly mosquito aHo 10:11 bJr 1:14; 47:2
[21] ILit of the stall a2S 10:6; 2K 7:6; Jr 46:5 bIs 34:7 cJr 48:44; Ho 9:7; Ob 13; Mi 7:4
[22] IOr in force
[23] II.e. trees of the forest, the Egyptians aJr 21:14 bJg 6:5; 7:12; Jol 2:25
[24] ILit hand aJr 1:15

25 ¶ The LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, says, “Behold, I am going to punish Amon of aThebes, and bPharaoh, and Egypt along with her cgods and her kings, even Pharaoh and those who dtrust in him. 26 I shall give them over to the Ipower of those who are aseeking their lives, even into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and into the hand of his IIofficers. bAfterwards, however, it will be inhabited as in the days of old,” declares the LORD.

[25] aEzk 30:14-16; Na 3:8 bJr 44:30 cEx 12:12; Jr 43:12, 13; Ezk 30:13; Zp 2:11 dIs 20:5
[26] ILit hand IILit servants aJr 44:30; Ezk 32:11 bEzk 29:8-14

  27 ¶ “But as for you, O Jacob My servant, ado not fear,
  Nor be dismayed, O Israel!
  For, see, I am going to bsave you from afar,
  And your descendants from the land of their captivity;
  And Jacob will return and be cundisturbed
  And secure, with no one making [him] tremble.
  28 “O Jacob My servant, do not fear,” declares the LORD,
  “For aI am with you.
  For I will make a full end of all the nations
  Where I have driven you,
  Yet I will bnot make a full end of you;
  But I will ccorrect you properly
  And by no means leave you unpunished.”

[27] aIs 41:13, 14; Jr 30:10, 11 bIs 11:11; Jr 23:3, 4; 29:14; Mi 7:12 cJr 23:6; 50:19
[28] aPs 46:7, 11; Is 8:10; 43:2; Jr 1:19 bJr 4:27; Am 9:8, 9 cJr 10:24; Hab 3:2


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Jeremiah prophesieth the overthrow of Pharaoh's army at Euphrates,

1 ¶ The word of the LORD which came to Jeremiah the prophet against the Gentiles; 2 Against Egypt, against the army of Pharaohnecho king of Egypt, which was by the river Euphrates in Carchemish, which Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon smote in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah. 3 Order ye the buckler and shield, and draw near to battle. 4 Harness the horses; and get up, ye horsemen, and stand forth with [your] helmets; furbish the spears, [and] put on the brigandines. 5 Wherefore have I seen them dismayed [and] turned away back? and their mighty ones are beaten down, and are fled apace, and look not back: [for] fear [was] round about, saith the LORD. 6 Let not the swift flee away, nor the mighty man escape; they shall stumble, and fall toward the north by the river Euphrates. 7 Who [is] this [that] cometh up as a flood, whose waters are moved as the rivers? 8 Egypt riseth up like a flood, and [his] waters are moved like the rivers; and he saith, I will go up, [and] will cover the earth; I will destroy the city and the inhabitants thereof. 9 Come up, ye horses; and rage, ye chariots; and let the mighty men come forth; the Ethiopians and the Libyans, that handle the shield; and the Lydians, that handle [and] bend the bow. 10 For this [is] the day of the Lord GOD of hosts, a day of vengeance, that he may avenge him of his adversaries: and the sword shall devour, and it shall be satiate and made drunk with their blood: for the Lord GOD of hosts hath a sacrifice in the north country by the river Euphrates. 11 Go up into Gilead, and take balm, O virgin, the daughter of Egypt: in vain shalt thou use many medicines; [for] thou shalt not be cured. 12 The nations have heard of thy shame, and thy cry hath filled the land: for the mighty man hath stumbled against the mighty, [and] they are fallen both together.

[1] Gn 10:5; Nu 23:9; Jr 1:10; 4:7; 25:15; Zc 2:8; Ro 3:29.
[2] 2K 23:29; 2Ch 35:20; Is 10:9; Jr 25:1, 9, 19; 36:1; 46:14; Ezk 29:1.
[3] Is 8:9; 21:5; Jr 51:11; Jol 3:9; Na 2:1; 3:14.
[4] Jr 51:3; Ezk 21:9, 28.
[5] Gn 19:17; 2K 7:6; Is 19:16; Jr 6:25; 20:3; 46:10, 15; 49:29; Ezk 32:10; Na 2:8; Rv 6:15.
[6] Jg 4:15; Ps 27:2; 33:16; 147:10; Ec 9:11; Is 8:15; 30:16; Jr 1:14; 4:6; 6:1; 20:11; 25:9; 46:10, 12; 50:32; Dn 11:19, 22; Am 2:14; 9:1.
[7] So 3:6; 8:5; Is 8:7; 63:1; Jr 47:2; Dn 9:26; 11:22; Am 8:8; Rv 12:15.
[8] Ex 15:9; Is 10:13; 37:24; Ezk 29:3; 32:2.
[9] Gn 10:6, 13; 1Ch 1:11; Is 66:19; Jr 30:5; Ezk 27:10; Na 2:3; 3:9; Ac 2:10; 1Co 1:8.
[10] Dt 32:42; 2K 24:7; Is 13:6; 34:5, 6, 8; 61:2; 63:4; Jr 46:2, 6; 51:6; Ezk 39:17; Jol 1:15; 2:1; Zp 1:7, 14; Lk 21:22; Rv 19:17.
[11] Gn 37:25; 43:11; Is 47:1; Jr 8:22; 14:17; 30:12; 51:8; Ezk 27:17; 30:21; Mi 1:9; Na 3:19; Mt 5:26; Lk 8:43.
[12] 1S 5:12; Is 10:4; 15:5; 19:2; Jr 14:2; 46:6; 48:34; 49:21; 51:54; Ezk 32:9; Na 3:8; Zp 1:10.

and the conquest of Egypt by Nebuchadrezzar.

13 ¶ The word that the LORD spake to Jeremiah the prophet, how Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon should come [and] smite the land of Egypt. 14 Declare ye in Egypt, and publish in Migdol, and publish in Noph and in Tahpanhes: say ye, Stand fast, and prepare thee; for the sword shall devour round about thee. 15 Why are thy valiant [men] swept away? they stood not, because the LORD did drive them. 16 He made many to fall, yea, one fell upon another: and they said, Arise, and let us go again to our own people, and to the land of our nativity, from the oppressing sword. 17 They did cry there, Pharaoh king of Egypt [is but] a noise; he hath passed the time appointed. 18 [As] I live, saith the King, whose name [is] the LORD of hosts, Surely as Tabor [is] among the mountains, and as Carmel by the sea, [so] shall he come. 19 O thou daughter dwelling in Egypt, furnish thyself to go into captivity: for Noph shall be waste and desolate without an inhabitant. 20 Egypt [is like] a very fair heifer, [but] destruction cometh; it cometh out of the north. 21 Also her hired men [are] in the midst of her like fatted bullocks; for they also are turned back, [and] are fled away together: they did not stand, because the day of their calamity was come upon them, [and] the time of their visitation. 22 The voice thereof shall go like a serpent; for they shall march with an army, and come against her with axes, as hewers of wood. 23 They shall cut down her forest, saith the LORD, though it cannot be searched; because they are more than the grasshoppers, and [are] innumerable. 24 The daughter of Egypt shall be confounded; she shall be delivered into the hand of the people of the north. 25 The LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saith; Behold, I will punish the multitude of No, and Pharaoh, and Egypt, with their gods, and their kings; even Pharaoh, and [all] them that trust in him: 26 And I will deliver them into the hand of those that seek their lives, and into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and into the hand of his servants: and afterward it shall be inhabited, as in the days of old, saith the LORD.

[13] Is 19:1; 29:1; Jr 43:10; 44:30.
[14] Ex 14:2; 2S 2:26; Is 1:20; 31:8; 34:6; Jr 2:30; 6:1; 12:12; 43:9; 44:1; 46:3, 10; Ezk 30:16; Jol 3:9; Na 2:13.
[15] Ex 6:1; Dt 11:23; Jg 5:20; Ps 18:14, 39; 44:2; 68:2; 114:2; Is 66:15; Jr 46:5, 21.
[16] Lv 26:36; Jr 46:21; 51:9.
[17] Ex 15:9; 1K 20:10, 18; Is 19:11; 31:3; 37:27; Ezk 29:3; 31:18.
[18] Jsh 19:22; Jg 4:6; 1K 18:42; Ps 89:12; Is 47:4; 48:2; Jr 10:10; 44:26; 48:15; 51:17; Mal 1:14; Mt 5:35; 1Ti 1:17.
[19] Is 20:4; Jr 26:9; 34:22; 44:1; 48:18; 51:29; Ezk 12:3, 4; 30:13; Zp 2:5.
[20] Jr 1:14; 25:9; 46:6, 10; 47:2; 50:11; Ho 10:11.
[21] Dt 32:15; 2S 10:6; 2K 7:6; Ps 37:13; Pv 15:17; Is 10:3; 34:7; Jr 18:17; 46:5, 9, 15, 16; 50:11, 27; Ezk 27:10; 30:4; 35:5; Ho 9:7; Am 6:4; Ob 1:13; Mi 7:4.
[22] Is 10:15, 33; 14:8; 29:4; 37:24; Jr 51:20; Mi 1:8; 7:16; Zc 11:2.
[23] Jg 6:5; 7:12; Is 10:18; Ezk 20:46; Jol 2:25; Rv 9:2.
[24] Ps 137:8; Jr 1:15; 46:11, 19, 20; Ezk 29:1.
[25] Ex 12:12; Is 19:1; 20:5; 30:2; 31:1; Jr 17:5; 42:14; 43:12; Ezk 30:13, 14; 32:9; 39:6; Na 3:8, 9; Zp 2:11.
[26] Jr 44:30; 48:47; 49:39; Ezk 29:8; 32:11.

He comforteth Jacob in their chastisement.

27 ¶ But fear not thou, O my servant Jacob, and be not dismayed, O Israel: for, behold, I will save thee from afar off, and thy seed from the land of their captivity; and Jacob shall return, and be in rest and at ease, and none shall make [him] afraid. 28 Fear thou not, O Jacob my servant, saith the LORD: for I [am] with thee; for I will make a full end of all the nations whither I have driven thee: but I will not make a full end of thee, but correct thee in measure; yet will I not leave thee wholly unpunished.

[27] Is 11:11; 41:13; 43:1, 5; 44:2; Jr 23:3, 6; 29:14; 30:10; 31:8; 32:37; 33:16; 50:19; Ezk 34:10, 25; 36:24; 37:21; 39:25; Am 9:14; Mi 7:11.
[28] Jsh 1:5, 9; Ps 46:7, 11; Is 8:9; 27:7, 9; 41:10; 43:2; 45:23; Jr 1:19; 4:27; 5:10, 18; 10:24; 15:20; 25:9; 30:11; 32:42; 33:24; Dn 2:35; Am 9:8; Hab 3:2; Mt 1:23; 28:20; Ac 18:10; Ro 11:15; 1Co 11:32; 2Ti 4:17; He 12:5; Rv 3:19.


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