NASB — Jeremiah 44 — KJV

Conquest of Egypt Predicted

1 The word that came to Jeremiah for all the Jews living in the land of Egypt, those who were living in aMigdol, bTahpanhes, cMemphis, and the land of dPathros, saying, 2 “Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, ‘You yourselves have seen all the calamity that I have brought on Jerusalem and all the cities of Judah; and behold, this day they are in aruins and no one lives in them, 3 abecause of their wickedness which they committed so as to bprovoke Me to anger by continuing to cburn Isacrifices [and] to dserve other gods whom they had not known, [neither] they, you, nor your fathers. 4 Yet I asent you all My servants the prophets, Iagain and again, saying, “Oh, do not do this babominable thing which I hate.” 5 But athey did not listen or incline their ears to turn from their wickedness, so as not to burn Isacrifices to other gods. 6 Therefore My awrath and My anger were poured out and burned in the bcities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem, so they have become a ruin and a cdesolation as it is this day. 7 Now then thus says the LORD God of hosts, the God of Israel, “Why are you adoing great harm to yourselves, so as to bcut off from you man and woman, child and infant, from among Judah, leaving yourselves without remnant, 8 aprovoking Me to anger with the works of your hands, bburning Isacrifices to other gods in the land of Egypt, where you are entering to reside, so that you might be cut off and become a ccurse and a reproach among all the nations of the earth? 9 Have you forgotten the awickedness of your fathers, the wickedness of the kings of Judah, and the wickedness of their wives, your own wickedness, and the wickedness of your wives, which they committed in the land of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem? 10 But they ahave not become Icontrite even to this day, nor have they feared nor bwalked in My law or My statutes, which I have set before you and before your fathers.”’

[1] aEx 14:2; Jr 46:14 bJr 43:7; Ezk 30:18 cIs 19:13; Jr 2:16; 46:14; Ezk 30:13, 16; Ho 9:6 dIs 11:11; Ezk 29:14; 30:14
[2] aIs 6:11; Jr 4:7; 9:11; 34:22; Mi 3:12
[3] IOr incense aNe 9:33; Jr 2:17-19; 44:23; Ezk 8:17, 18; Dn 9:5 bIs 3:8; Jr 7:19; 32:30-32; 44:8 cJr 19:4 dDt 13:6; 29:26; 32:17
[4] ILit rising early and sending aJr 7:13, 25; 25:4; 26:5; 29:19; 35:15; Zc 7:7 bJr 16:18; 32:34, 35; Ezk 8:10
[5] IOr incense aJr 11:8, 10; 13:10
[6] aIs 51:17-20; Jr 42:18; Ezk 8:18 bJr 7:17, 34 cJr 4:27; 34:22
[7] aNu 16:38; Jr 26:19; Ezk 33:11; Hab 2:10 bJr 3:24; 9:21; 51:22
[8] IOr incense a2K 17:15-17; Jr 25:6, 7; 44:3; 1Co 10:21, 22 bJr 7:9; 11:12, 17; 44:3; Ho 4:13; Hab 1:16 c1K 9:7, 8; 2Ch 7:20; Jr 42:18
[9] aJr 7:9, 10, 17, 18; 44:17, 21
[10] ILit crushed aJr 6:15; 8:12 bJr 26:4; 32:23; 44:23

11 ¶ “Therefore thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, ‘Behold, I am going to aset My face against you for Iwoe, even to cut off all Judah. 12 And I will atake away the remnant of Judah who have set their Imind on entering the land of Egypt to reside there, and they will all IIbmeet their end in the land of Egypt; they will fall by the sword [and] meet their end by famine. Both small and great will die by the sword and famine; and they will become a ccurse, an object of horror, an imprecation and a reproach. 13 And I will apunish those who live in the land of Egypt, as I have punished Jerusalem, with the sword, with famine and with pestilence. 14 So there will be ano refugees or survivors for the remnant of Judah who have entered the land of Egypt to reside there and then to return to the land of Judah, to which they are Iblonging to return and live; for none will creturn except [a few] refugees.’”

[11] ILit evil aLv 17:10; 20:5, 6; 26:17; Jr 21:10; Am 9:4
[12] ILit face IILit be finished aJr 42:15-18, 22 bIs 1:28; Jr 16:4; 44:7 cIs 65:15; Jr 18:16; 24:9; 26:6; 29:18; 42:18; Zc 8:13
[13] aJr 11:22; 44:27, 28
[14] ILit lifting up their soul aJr 22:10; 44:27 bJr 22:26, 27 cIs 4:2; 10:20; Jr 44:28; Ro 9:27

15 ¶ Then aall the men who were aware that their wives were burning Isacrifices to other gods, along with all the women who were standing by, [as] a large assembly, IIincluding all the people who were living in Pathros in the land of Egypt, responded to Jeremiah, saying, 16 “As for the Iamessage that you have spoken to us in the name of the LORD, bwe are not going to listen to you! 17 But rather we will certainly acarry out every word that has proceeded from our mouths, Iby burning IIsacrifices to the bqueen of heaven and pouring out drink offerings to her, just as cwe ourselves, our forefathers, our kings and our princes did in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem; for [then] we had dplenty of IIIfood and were well off and saw no IVmisfortune. 18 But since we stopped burning Isacrifices to the queen of heaven and pouring out drink offerings to her, we have alacked everything and have IImet our end by the sword and by famine.” 19 “And,” [said the women], “when we were aburning Isacrifices to the queen of heaven and IIwere pouring out drink offerings to her, was it bwithout our husbands that we made for her [sacrificial] cakes IIIin her image and poured out drink offerings to her?”

[15] IOr incense IILit and aPv 11:21; Is 1:5; Jr 5:1-5
[16] ILit word aJr 43:2 bPv 1:24-27; Jr 11:8, 10; 13:10
[17] IOr so as to burn IIOr incense IIILit bread IVLit evil aNu 30:12; Dt 23:23 b2K 17:16; Jr 7:18 cNe 9:34; Jr 32:32; 44:21 dEx 16:3; Ho 2:5-9; Php 3:19
[18] IOr incense IILit been finished aNu 11:5, 6; Jr 40:12; Mal 3:13-15
[19] IOr incense IILit to pour IIILit to make an image of her aJr 7:18 bNu 30:6, 7; Jr 44:15

Calamity for the Jews

20 ¶ Then Jeremiah said to all the people, to the men and women—even to all the people who were giving him [such] an answer—saying, 21 “As for the Iasmoking sacrifices that you burned in the cities of Judah and in the bstreets of Jerusalem, you and your forefathers, your kings and your princes, and the people of the land, did not the LORD cremember them and did not [all this] come into His IImind? 22 So the LORD was ano longer able to endure [it], bbecause of the evil of your deeds, because of the abominations which you have committed; thus your land has become a cruin, an object of horror and a curse, without an inhabitant, as [it is] this day. 23 Because you have burned Isacrifices and have sinned against the LORD and anot obeyed the voice of the LORD or bwalked in His law, His statutes or His testimonies, therefore this ccalamity has befallen you, as [it has] this day.”

[21] IOr incense IILit heart aEzk 8:10, 11 bJr 11:13; 44:9, 17 cPs 79:8; Is 64:9; Jr 14:10; Ho 7:2; Am 8:7
[22] aIs 7:13; 43:24; Mal 2:17 bJr 4:4; 21:12; 30:14 cGn 19:13; Ps 107:33, 34; Jr 25:11, 18, 38; 29:18; 42:18; 44:12
[23] IOr incense aJr 7:13-15; 40:3 bJr 44:10; Ps 119:136, 150 c1K 9:9; Ne 13:18; Jr 44:2; Dn 9:11, 12

24 ¶ Then Jeremiah said to all the people, including all the women, “aHear the word of the LORD, all Judah who are bin the land of Egypt, 25 thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, as follows: ‘As for you and your wives, you have spoken with your mouths and fulfilled [it] with your hands, saying, “We will acertainly perform our vows that we have vowed, to burn Isacrifices to the queen of heaven and pour out drink offerings to her.” IIbGo ahead and confirm your vows, and certainly perform your vows!’ 26 INevertheless hear the word of the LORD, all Judah who are living in the land of Egypt, ‘Behold, I have asworn by My great name,’ says the LORD, ‘bnever shall My name be invoked again by the mouth of any man of Judah in all the land of Egypt, saying, “cAs the Lord IIGOD lives.” 27 Behold, I am watching over them afor harm and not for good, and ball the men of Judah who are in the land of Egypt will Imeet their end by the sword and by famine until they IIare completely gone. 28 aThose who escape the sword will return out of the land of Egypt to the land of Judah Ibfew in number. Then all the remnant of Judah who have gone to the land of Egypt to reside there will know cwhose word will stand, Mine or theirs. 29 This will be the asign to you,’ declares the LORD, ‘that I am going to punish you in this place, so that you may know that bMy words will surely stand against you for harm.’ 30 Thus says the LORD, ‘Behold, I am going to give over aPharaoh Hophra king of Egypt to the hand of his enemies, to the hand of those who seek his life, just as I gave over bZedekiah king of Judah to the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, [who was] his enemy and was seeking his life.’”

[24] aJr 42:15; 44:16 bJr 43:7; 44:15, 26
[25] IOr incense IILit Surely cause to stand aJr 44:17; Mt 14:9; Ac 23:12 bEzk 20:39
[26] ILit Therefore IIHeb YHWH, usually rendered LORD aGn 22:16; Dt 32:40, 41; Jr 22:5; Am 6:8; He 6:13 bPs 50:16; Ezk 20:39 cIs 48:1, 2; Jr 5:2
[27] ILit be finished IILit come to an end aJr 1:10; 31:28; 39:16 b2K 21:14; Jr 44:14
[28] ILit men of number aJr 44:14 bIs 10:19; 27:12, 13 cPs 33:11; Is 14:27; 46:10, 11; Zc 1:6
[29] aIs 7:11, 14; 8:18; Jr 44:30; Mt 24:15, 16, 32 bPv 19:21; Is 40:8
[30] aJr 43:9-13; 46:25; Ezk 29:3; 30:21 b2K 25:4-7; Jr 34:21; 39:5-7


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Jeremiah expresseth the desolation of Judah for their idolatry.

1 ¶ The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the Jews which dwell in the land of Egypt, which dwell at Migdol, and at Tahpanhes, and at Noph, and in the country of Pathros, saying, 2 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Ye have seen all the evil that I have brought upon Jerusalem, and upon all the cities of Judah; and, behold, this day they [are] a desolation, and no man dwelleth therein, 3 Because of their wickedness which they have committed to provoke me to anger, in that they went to burn incense, [and] to serve other gods, whom they knew not, [neither] they, ye, nor your fathers. 4 Howbeit I sent unto you all my servants the prophets, rising early and sending [them], saying, Oh, do not this abominable thing that I hate. 5 But they hearkened not, nor inclined their ear to turn from their wickedness, to burn no incense unto other gods. 6 Wherefore my fury and mine anger was poured forth, and was kindled in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem; and they are wasted [and] desolate, as at this day. 7 Therefore now thus saith the LORD, the God of hosts, the God of Israel; Wherefore commit ye [this] great evil against your souls, to cut off from you man and woman, child and suckling, out of Judah, to leave you none to remain; 8 In that ye provoke me unto wrath with the works of your hands, burning incense unto other gods in the land of Egypt, whither ye be gone to dwell, that ye might cut yourselves off, and that ye might be a curse and a reproach among all the nations of the earth? 9 Have ye forgotten the wickedness of your fathers, and the wickedness of the kings of Judah, and the wickedness of their wives, and your own wickedness, and the wickedness of your wives, which they have committed in the land of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem? 10 They are not humbled [even] unto this day, neither have they feared, nor walked in my law, nor in my statutes, that I set before you and before your fathers.

[1] Gn 10:14; Ex 14:2; Is 11:11; 19:13; Jr 2:16; 42:15; 43:5, 7; 46:14, 19; Ezk 29:10, 14; 30:14, 16, 18.
[2] Ex 19:4; Lv 26:32, 43; Dt 29:2; Jsh 23:3; 2K 21:13; Is 6:11; 24:12; 64:10; Jr 4:7; 7:34; 9:11; 25:11; 34:22; 39:1; 44:22; Lm 1:1, 16; 5:18; Mi 3:12; Zc 1:6.
[3] Dt 13:6; 29:26; 32:17; Ezr 9:6; Ne 9:33; Jr 2:17; 4:17; 5:19, 29; 9:12; 11:17; 16:11; 19:3; 22:9; Lm 1:8; 4:13; Ezk 8:17; 9:9; 22:25; Dn 9:5; Zc 7:12.
[4] 2Ch 36:15; Jr 7:13, 25; 16:18; 25:3; 26:5; 29:19; 32:33; 35:17; Ezk 8:10; 16:36, 47; Zc 7:7; 1P 4:3; Rv 17:4.
[5] 2Ch 36:16; Ps 81:11; Is 48:4, 18; Jr 7:24; 19:13; 44:17; Zc 7:11; Rv 2:21.
[6] Lv 26:28; Is 6:11; 51:17, 20; Jr 4:4; 7:20; 21:5, 12; 36:7; 42:18; 44:2; Ezk 5:13; 6:12; 8:18; 20:33; 24:8, 13; Dn 9:12; Na 1:2.
[7] Nu 16:38; Dt 32:25; Jsh 6:21; Jg 21:11; 1S 15:3; 22:19; Pv 1:18; 5:22; 8:36; 15:32; Jr 7:19; 9:21; 25:7; 42:20; 44:8, 11, 12, 14, 27; 51:22; Lm 2:11; Ezk 33:11; Hab 2:10.
[8] Dt 32:16; 1K 9:7; 2K 17:15; 2Ch 7:20; Is 3:8; 65:15; Jr 18:16; 24:9; 25:6; 26:6; 29:18; 42:18; 44:7, 12; Lm 2:15; Ezk 18:31; 1Co 10:21; He 3:16.
[9] Jsh 22:17; Ezr 9:7; Jr 7:17; 44:15; Dn 9:5.
[10] Ex 9:17, 30; 10:3; 1K 21:29; 2K 22:19; 2Ch 12:6; 32:26; 33:12, 19; 34:27; Ps 34:18; 51:17; Pv 8:13; 14:16; 16:6; 28:14; Ec 8:12; Is 57:15; 66:2; Jr 8:12; 10:7; 36:24; Ezk 9:4; Dn 5:20; Mal 4:2; Mt 27:54; Lk 23:40; Ro 11:20; Jm 4:6; 1P 5:6; Rv 15:4.

He prophesieth their destruction, who commit idolatry in Egypt.

11 ¶ Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will set my face against you for evil, and to cut off all Judah. 12 And I will take the remnant of Judah, that have set their faces to go into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, and they shall all be consumed, [and] fall in the land of Egypt; they shall [even] be consumed by the sword [and] by the famine: they shall die, from the least even unto the greatest, by the sword and by the famine: and they shall be an execration, [and] an astonishment, and a curse, and a reproach. 13 For I will punish them that dwell in the land of Egypt, as I have punished Jerusalem, by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence: 14 So that none of the remnant of Judah, which are gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall escape or remain, that they should return into the land of Judah, to the which they have a desire to return to dwell there: for none shall return but such as shall escape.

[11] Lv 17:10; 20:5; 26:17; Ps 34:16; Jr 21:10; Ezk 14:7; 15:7; Am 9:4.
[12] Is 65:15; Jr 29:22; 42:15, 22; 44:8; Ho 4:6.
[13] Jr 11:22; 21:9; 24:10; 42:18; 43:11; 44:27.
[14] Is 4:2; 10:20; 30:1; Jr 22:26; 42:17, 22; 44:27, 28; Mt 23:33; Ro 2:3; 9:27; 11:5; He 2:3.

The obstinacy of the Jews.

15 ¶ Then all the men which knew that their wives had burned incense unto other gods, and all the women that stood by, a great multitude, even all the people that dwelt in the land of Egypt, in Pathros, answered Jeremiah, saying, 16 [As for] the word that thou hast spoken unto us in the name of the LORD, we will not hearken unto thee. 17 But we will certainly do whatsoever thing goeth forth out of our own mouth, to burn incense unto the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, as we have done, we, and our fathers, our kings, and our princes, in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem: for [then] had we plenty of victuals, and were well, and saw no evil. 18 But since we left off to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, we have wanted all [things], and have been consumed by the sword and by the famine. 19 And when we burned incense to the queen of heaven, and poured out drink offerings unto her, did we make her cakes to worship her, and pour out drink offerings unto her, without our men?

[15] Gn 19:4; Ne 13:26; Pv 11:21; Is 1:5; Jr 5:1; Mt 7:13; 2P 2:1.
[16] Ex 5:2; Jb 15:25; 21:14; Ps 2:3; 73:8; Is 3:9; Jr 8:6, 12; 16:15; 18:18; 38:4; Dn 3:15; Lk 19:14, 27.
[17] Ex 16:3; Nu 30:2, 12; Dt 23:23; Jg 11:36; 2K 17:16; 22:17; Ne 9:34; Ps 12:4; 106:6; Is 48:5; Jr 7:18; 19:13; 32:29; 44:9, 21, 25; Ezk 20:8; Dn 9:5, 6, 8; Ho 2:5; Mk 6:26; Php 3:19; 1P 1:18.
[18] Nu 11:5; Jb 21:14; Ps 73:9; Jr 40:12; Mal 3:13.
[19] Gn 3:6, 11, 16; Dt 7:3; 1K 21:25; 2Ch 21:6; Pv 11:21; Jr 7:18; 44:15; Mk 6:19.

Jeremiah threateneth them for the same,

20 ¶ Then Jeremiah said unto all the people, to the men, and to the women, and to all the people which had given him [that] answer, saying, 21 The incense that ye burned in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem, ye, and your fathers, your kings, and your princes, and the people of the land, did not the LORD remember them, and came it [not] into his mind? 22 So that the LORD could no longer bear, because of the evil of your doings, [and] because of the abominations which ye have committed; therefore is your land a desolation, and an astonishment, and a curse, without an inhabitant, as at this day. 23 Because ye have burned incense, and because ye have sinned against the LORD, and have not obeyed the voice of the LORD, nor walked in his law, nor in his statutes, nor in his testimonies; therefore this evil is happened unto you, as at this day. 24 Moreover Jeremiah said unto all the people, and to all the women, Hear the word of the LORD, all Judah that [are] in the land of Egypt: 25 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saying; Ye and your wives have both spoken with your mouths, and fulfilled with your hand, saying, We will surely perform our vows that we have vowed, to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her: ye will surely accomplish your vows, and surely perform your vows. 26 Therefore hear ye the word of the LORD, all Judah that dwell in the land of Egypt; Behold, I have sworn by my great name, saith the LORD, that my name shall no more be named in the mouth of any man of Judah in all the land of Egypt, saying, The Lord GOD liveth. 27 Behold, I will watch over them for evil, and not for good: and all the men of Judah that [are] in the land of Egypt shall be consumed by the sword and by the famine, until there be an end of them. 28 Yet a small number that escape the sword shall return out of the land of Egypt into the land of Judah, and all the remnant of Judah, that are gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall know whose words shall stand, mine, or theirs.

[21] 1S 15:3; 1K 17:18; Ps 79:8; Is 64:9; Jr 11:13; 14:10; 44:9, 17; Ezk 16:24; 21:23; Ho 7:2; Am 8:7; Rv 16:19; 18:5.
[22] Gn 6:3, 5; 1K 9:7; Ps 95:10; Is 1:24; 7:13; 43:24; Jr 15:6; 18:16; 24:9; 25:11, 18, 38; 26:6; 29:19; 44:2, 6, 12; Lm 2:15; Ezk 5:13; Dn 9:12; Am 2:13; Mal 2:17; Ro 2:4; 9:22; 2P 3:7.
[23] 1K 9:9; 2Ch 36:16; Ne 13:18; Ps 78:56; 119:150, 155; Jr 32:31; 44:8, 18, 21; Lm 1:8; Dn 9:11; 1Co 10:20; 2Co 6:16.
[24] 1K 22:19; Is 1:10; 28:14; Jr 42:15; 43:7; 44:15, 16, 26; Ezk 2:7; 20:32; Am 7:16; Mt 11:15.
[25] Jb 34:22; Is 28:15; Jr 44:15; Mt 14:9; Ac 23:12; Jm 1:14; Jde 1:13.
[26] Gn 22:16; Nu 14:21, 28; Dt 32:40; Ps 50:16; 89:34; Is 48:1; 62:8; Jr 4:2; 5:2; 7:9; 46:18; Ezk 20:39; Am 6:8, 10; 8:7; Zp 1:4; He 3:18; 6:13, 18.
[27] 2K 21:14; Jr 1:10; 21:10; 31:28; 44:12, 18; Ezk 7:6.
[28] Nu 14:28, 41; Ps 33:11; Is 10:19, 22; 14:24; 27:12; 28:16; 46:10; Jr 44:14, 16, 25, 29; Lm 3:37; Zc 1:6; Mt 24:35.

and for a sign prophesieth the destruction of Egypt.

29 ¶ And this [shall be] a sign unto you, saith the LORD, that I will punish you in this place, that ye may know that my words shall surely stand against you for evil: 30 Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will give Pharaohhophra king of Egypt into the hand of his enemies, and into the hand of them that seek his life; as I gave Zedekiah king of Judah into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, his enemy, and that sought his life.

[29] 1S 2:34; Pv 19:21; Is 40:8; Jr 44:30; Mt 24:15, 32; Mk 13:14; Lk 21:20, 29.
[30] 2K 25:4; Jr 34:21; 39:5; 43:9; 46:13; 52:8; Ezk 29:1; 31:18; 32:1.


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