NASB — Exodus 19 — KJV

Moses on Sinai

1 aIn the third month after the sons of Israel had gone out of the land of Egypt, Ion that very day they came into the wilderness of bSinai. 2 When they set out from aRephidim, they came to the wilderness of Sinai and camped in the wilderness; and there Israel camped in front of bthe mountain. 3 Moses went up to God, and athe LORD called to him from the mountain, saying, “Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob and tell the sons of Israel: 4aYou yourselves have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and [how] I bore you on beagles’ wings, and brought you to Myself. 5 Now then, aif you will indeed obey My voice and bkeep My covenant, then you shall be cMy Iown possession among all the peoples, for dall the earth is Mine; 6 and you shall be to Me aa kingdom of priests and ba holy nation.’ These are the words that you shall speak to the sons of Israel.”

[1] ILit on this day aEx 12:6, 51; 16:1 bDt 1:6; 4:10, 15; 5:2
[2] aEx 17:1; Nu 33:15 bEx 3:1, 12; 18:5
[3] aEx 3:4
[4] aDt 29:2 bDt 32:11; Rv 12:14
[5] IOr special treasure aEx 15:26; Dt 5:2f bPs 78:10 cDt 4:20; 7:6; 14:2; 26:18; Ps 135:4; Tit 2:14; 1P 2:9 dEx 9:29; Dt 10:14; Jb 41:11; Ps 50:12; 1Co 10:26
[6] a1P 2:5, 9; Rv 1:6; 5:10 bDt 7:6; 14:21; 26:19; Is 62:12

7aSo Moses came and called the elders of the people, and set before them all these words which the LORD had commanded him. 8 aAll the people answered together and said, “All that the LORD has spoken we will do!” And Moses brought back the words of the people to the LORD. 9 The LORD said to Moses, “Behold, I will come to you in aa thick cloud, so that the bpeople may hear when I speak with you and may also believe in you forever.” Then Moses told the words of the people to the LORD.

[7] aEx 4:29, 30
[8] aEx 4:31; 24:3, 7; Dt 5:27; 26:17
[9] aEx 19:16; 24:15, 16; Dt 4:11; Ps 99:7 bDt 4:12, 36

10 ¶ The LORD also said to Moses, “Go to the people and aconsecrate them today and tomorrow, and let them bwash their garments; 11 and let them be ready for the third day, for on athe third day the LORD will come down on Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people. 12 You shall set bounds for the people all around, saying, ‘IBeware that you do not go up on the mountain or touch the border of it; awhoever touches the mountain shall surely be put to death. 13 No hand shall touch him, but ahe shall surely be stoned or Ishot through; whether beast or man, he shall not live.’ When the ram’s horn sounds a long blast, they shall come up to bthe mountain.” 14 So Moses went down from the mountain to the people and consecrated the people, and they washed their garments. 15 He said to the people, “Be ready for the third day; do not go near a woman.”

[10] aLv 11:44, 45 bGn 35:2; Lv 15:5; Nu 8:7, 21; 19:19; Rv 22:14
[11] aEx 19:16
[12] ILit Take heed to yourselves aHe 12:20
[13] II.e. with arrows aHe 12:20 bEx 19:17

16aSo it came about on the third day, when it was morning, that there were Ithunder and lightning flashes and a thick cloud upon the mountain and a very loud trumpet sound, so that all the people who [were] in the camp trembled. 17 And Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet God, and they stood at the Ifoot of the mountain.

[16] ILit sounds aHe 12:18, 19, 21
[17] ILit lower part

The LORD Visits Sinai

18 aNow Mount Sinai [was] all in smoke because the LORD descended upon it bin fire; and its smoke ascended like cthe smoke of a furnace, and dthe whole mountain Iquaked violently. 19 When the sound of the trumpet grew louder and louder, Moses spoke and aGod answered him with Ithunder. 20 aThe LORD came down on Mount Sinai, to the top of the mountain; and the LORD called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up. 21 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, “Go down, Iwarn the people, so that athey do not break through to the LORD to gaze, and many of them IIperish. 22 Also let the apriests who come near to the LORD consecrate themselves, or else the LORD will break out against them.” 23 Moses said to the LORD, “The people cannot come up to Mount Sinai, for You Iwarned us, saying, ‘aSet bounds about the mountain and consecrate it.’” 24 Then the LORD said to him, “IGo down and come up [again], ayou and Aaron with you; but do not let the bpriests and the people break through to come up to the LORD, or He will break forth upon them.” 25 So Moses went down to the people and told them.

[18] IOr trembled aDt 4:11; Ps 104:32; 144:5 bEx 3:2; 24:17; Dt 5:4; 2Ch 7:1-3; He 12:18 cGn 15:17; 19:28 dJg 5:5; Ps 68:7, 8; Jr 4:24
[19] IOr a voice; lit a sound aPs 81:7
[20] aNe 9:13
[21] ILit testify to IILit fall aEx 3:5; 1S 6:19
[22] aEx 19:24; 24:5; Lv 10:3; 21:6-8
[23] ILit testified to aEx 19:12
[24] ILit Go, descend aEx 24:1, 9, 12 bEx 19:22


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The people come to Sinai.

1 ¶ In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they [into] the wilderness of Sinai. 2 For they were departed from Rephidim, and were come [to] the desert of Sinai, and had pitched in the wilderness; and there Israel camped before the mount.

[1] Ex 12:2, 6; 16:1; Lv 23:16; Nu 33:15.
[2] Ex 3:1, 12; 17:1, 8; 18:5; Ac 7:30, 38; Ga 4:24.

God's message by Moses unto the people out of the mount.

3 And Moses went up unto God, and the LORD called unto him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel; 4 Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and [how] I bare you on eagles' wings, and brought you unto myself. 5 Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth [is] mine: 6 And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These [are] the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.

[3] Ex 3:4; 20:21; 24:15; 34:2; Dt 5:5; Ac 7:38.
[4] Ex 7:1; Dt 4:9, 33; 29:2; 32:11; Is 40:31; 63:9; Rv 12:14.
[5] Ex 9:29; 23:22; 24:7; Dt 4:20; 5:2; 7:6; 10:14; 11:27; 14:2, 21; 26:18; 28:1; 32:8; Jsh 24:24; 1S 15:22; 1K 8:53; Jb 41:11; Ps 24:1; 25:10; 50:11; 103:17; 135:4; So 8:12; Is 1:19; 41:8; 43:1; 56:4; Jr 7:23; 10:16; 11:4; 31:31; Dn 4:34; Mal 3:17; 1Co 10:26, 28; Tit 2:14; He 11:8.
[6] Lv 11:44; 19:2; 20:24, 26; 21:7, 23; Dt 7:6; 26:19; 28:9; 33:2; Is 61:6; 62:12; Ro 12:1; 1Co 3:17; 1Th 5:27; 1P 1:15; 2:5, 9; Rv 1:6; 5:10; 20:6.

7 ¶ And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words which the LORD commanded him.

[7] Ex 3:16; 4:29; 1Co 15:1.

The people's answer returned again.

8 And all the people answered together, and said, All that the LORD hath spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of the people unto the LORD. 9 And the LORD said unto Moses, Lo, I come unto thee in a thick cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with thee, and believe thee for ever. And Moses told the words of the people unto the LORD.

[8] Ex 20:19; 24:3, 7; Dt 5:27; 26:17; Jsh 24:24; Ne 10:29.
[9] Ex 14:31; 19:16; 20:21; 24:15; Dt 4:11, 12, 36; 1K 8:12; 2Ch 6:1; 20:20; Ps 18:11; 97:2; Is 7:9; 19:1; Mt 17:5; Mk 9:7; Lk 9:34; 10:16; Jn 12:29; Rv 1:7.

The people are prepared against the third day.

10 ¶ And the LORD said unto Moses, Go unto the people, and sanctify them to day and to morrow, and let them wash their clothes, 11 And be ready against the third day: for the third day the LORD will come down in the sight of all the people upon mount Sinai.

[10] Gn 35:2; Ex 19:14, 15; Lv 11:25, 44; 15:5; Nu 8:7, 21; 31:24; Jsh 3:5; 7:13; 1S 16:5; 2Ch 29:5, 34; 30:17; Jb 1:5; Zc 3:3; 1Co 6:11; He 10:22; Rv 7:14.
[11] Ex 3:8; 19:16, 18, 20; 34:5; Nu 11:17; Dt 33:2; Ps 18:9; 144:5; Is 64:1; Hab 3:3; Jn 3:13; 6:38.

The mountain must not be touched.

12 And thou shalt set bounds unto the people round about, saying, Take heed to yourselves, [that ye] go [not] up into the mount, or touch the border of it: whosoever toucheth the mount shall be surely put to death: 13 There shall not an hand touch it, but he shall surely be stoned, or shot through; whether [it be] beast or man, it shall not live: when the trumpet soundeth long, they shall come up to the mount.

[12] Ex 10:28; 19:21, 23; 34:12; Dt 2:4; 4:9; Jsh 3:4; He 12:20.
[13] Ex 19:16, 19; 21:28; Lv 20:15; 1Co 15:52; 1Th 4:16.

14 ¶ And Moses went down from the mount unto the people, and sanctified the people; and they washed their clothes. 15 And he said unto the people, Be ready against the third day: come not at [your] wives.

[14] Ex 19:10.
[15] Ex 19:11, 16; 1S 21:4; Jol 2:16; Am 4:12; Zc 6:3; 7:3; 12:12; Mal 3:2; Mt 3:10; 24:44; 1Co 7:5; 2P 3:11.

The fearful presence of God upon the mount.

16 ¶ And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that [was] in the camp trembled. 17 And Moses brought forth the people out of the camp to meet with God; and they stood at the nether part of the mount. 18 And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly. 19 And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and God answered him by a voice. 20 And the LORD came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount: and the LORD called Moses [up] to the top of the mount; and Moses went up. 21 And the LORD said unto Moses, Go down, charge the people, lest they break through unto the LORD to gaze, and many of them perish. 22 And let the priests also, which come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth upon them. 23 And Moses said unto the LORD, The people cannot come up to mount Sinai: for thou chargedst us, saying, Set bounds about the mount, and sanctify it. 24 And the LORD said unto him, Away, get thee down, and thou shalt come up, thou, and Aaron with thee: but let not the priests and the people break through to come up unto the LORD, lest he break forth upon them. 25 So Moses went down unto the people, and spake unto them.

[16] Ex 9:23, 28; 19:9; 20:18; 40:34; 1S 12:17; 2Ch 5:14; Jb 37:1; 38:25; Ps 18:11; 29:3; 50:3; 77:18; 97:4; Jr 5:22; He 12:18, 21; Rv 1:10; 4:1, 5; 8:5; 11:19.
[17] Dt 4:10; 5:5.
[18] Gn 15:17; 19:28; Ex 3:2; 19:13; 20:18; 24:17; Dt 4:11; 5:22; 33:2; Jg 5:5; 1K 19:11; 2Ch 7:1; Ps 68:7, 8; 77:18; 104:32; 114:7; 144:5; Is 6:4; Jr 4:24; Na 1:5; Zc 14:5; Mt 24:7; 2Th 1:8; He 12:26; 2P 3:10; Rv 15:8.
[19] Ex 19:13, 16; Ps 81:7; He 12:21.
[20] Ex 19:3, 11; 24:12, 18; 34:2, 4; Dt 9:9; Ne 9:13; Ps 81:7.
[21] Ex 3:3, 5; 19:12; 33:20; 1S 6:19; Ec 5:1; He 12:28.
[22] Ex 19:5, 14; 24:5; Lv 10:1; 2S 6:6; 1Ch 13:9; 15:13; 2Ch 30:3, 15, 18; Is 52:11; Ac 5:5, 10; 1Co 11:30.
[23] Ex 19:12; Jsh 3:4.
[24] Ex 19:12, 20, 21, 22; Mt 11:12; Lk 13:24; 16:16; Jn 1:17; Ro 4:15; 2Co 3:7; Ga 3:10, 19, 22; He 4:16; 10:19; 12:18, 29.
[25] Ex 19:24.


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