NASB — Romans 4 — KJV

Justification by Faith Evidenced in Old Testament

1 What then shall we say that Abraham, Iour forefather aaccording to the flesh, has found? 2 For if Abraham was justified Iby works, he has something to boast about, but anot IIbefore God. 3 For what does the Scripture say? “aABRAHAM BELIEVED GOD, AND IT WAS CREDITED TO HIM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS.” 4 Now to the one who aworks, his wage is not credited as a favor, but as what is due. 5 But to the one who does not work, but abelieves in Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is credited as righteousness, 6 just as David also speaks of the blessing on the man to whom God credits righteousness apart from works:
  7aBLESSED ARE THOSE WHOSE LAWLESS DEEDS HAVE BEEN FORGIVEN,
  AND WHOSE SINS HAVE BEEN COVERED.
  8aBLESSED IS THE MAN WHOSE SIN THE LORD WILL NOT bTAKE INTO ACCOUNT.”

[1] IOr our forefather, has found according to the flesh aRo 1:3
[2] ILit out of IILit toward a1Co 1:31
[3] aGn 15:6; Ro 4:9, 22; Ga 3:6; Jm 2:23
[4] aRo 11:6
[5] aJn 6:29; Ro 3:22
[7] aPs 32:1
[8] aPs 32:2 b2Co 5:19

9 ¶ Is this blessing then on Iathe circumcised, or on IIthe uncircumcised also? For bwe say, “cFAITH WAS CREDITED TO ABRAHAM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS.” 10 How then was it credited? While he was Icircumcised, or IIuncircumcised? Not while Icircumcised, but while IIuncircumcised; 11 and he areceived the sign of circumcision, ba seal of the righteousness of the faith which Ihe had while uncircumcised, so that he might be cthe father of dall who believe without being circumcised, that righteousness might be credited to them, 12 and the father of circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but who also follow in the steps of the faith of our father Abraham which Ihe had while uncircumcised.

[9] ILit circumcision IILit uncircumcision aRo 3:30 bRo 4:3 cGn 15:6
[10] ILit in circumcision IILit in uncircumcision
[11] ILit was in uncircumcision aGn 17:10f bJn 3:33 cLk 19:9; Ro 4:16f dRo 3:22; 4:16
[12] ILit was in uncircumcision

13 ¶ For athe promise to Abraham or to his Idescendants bthat he would be heir of the world was not IIthrough the Law, but through the righteousness of faith. 14 For aif those who are Iof the Law are heirs, faith is made void and the promise is nullified; 15 for athe Law brings about wrath, but bwhere there is no law, there also is no violation.

[13] ILit seed IIOr through law aRo 9:8; Ga 3:16, 29 bGn 17:4-6; 22:17f
[14] IOr of law aGa 3:18
[15] aRo 7:7, 10-25; 1Co 15:56; Ga 3:10 bRo 3:20

16 ¶ For this reason [it is] Iby faith, in order that [it may be] in accordance with agrace, so that the promise will be guaranteed to ball the IIdescendants, not only to IIIthose who are of the Law, but also to IIIcthose who are of the faith of Abraham, who is dthe father of us all, 17 (as it is written, “aA FATHER OF MANY NATIONS HAVE I MADE YOU”) in the presence of Him whom he believed, [even] God, bwho gives life to the dead and Iccalls into being dthat which does not exist. 18 In hope against hope he believed, so that he might become aa father of many nations according to that which had been spoken, “bSO SHALL YOUR IDESCENDANTS BE.” 19 Without becoming weak in faith he contemplated his own body, now aas good as dead since bhe was about a hundred years old, and cthe deadness of Sarah’s womb; 20 yet, with respect to the promise of God, he did not waver in unbelief but grew strong in faith, agiving glory to God, 21 and abeing fully assured that bwhat God had promised, He was able also to perform. 22 Therefore aIT WAS ALSO CREDITED TO HIM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS. 23 Now anot for his sake only was it written that it was credited to him, 24 but for our sake also, to whom it will be credited, as those awho believe in Him who braised Jesus our Lord from the dead, 25 [He] who was adelivered over because of our transgressions, and was braised because of our justification.

[16] IOr out of IILit seed IIILit that which is aRo 3:24 bRo 4:11; 9:8; 15:8 cGa 3:7 dLk 19:9; Ro 4:11
[17] ILit calls the things which do not exist as existing aGn 17:5 bJn 5:21 cIs 48:13; 51:2 d1Co 1:28
[18] ILit seed aRo 4:17 bGn 15:5
[19] aHe 11:12 bGn 17:17 cGn 18:11
[20] aMt 9:8
[21] aRo 14:5 bGn 18:14; He 11:19
[22] aGn 15:6; Ro 4:3
[23] aRo 15:4; 1Co 9:9f; 10:11; 2Ti 3:16f
[24] aRo 10:9; 1P 1:21 bAc 2:24
[25] aIs 53:4, 5; Ro 5:6, 8; 8:32; Ga 2:20; Ep 5:2 bRo 5:18; 1Co 15:17; 2Co 5:15


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Abraham's faith was imputed to him for righteousness,

1 ¶ What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, hath found? 2 For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath [whereof] to glory; but not before God. 3 For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness. 4 Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt. 5 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. 6 Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works, 7 [Saying], Blessed [are] they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered. 8 Blessed [is] the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin. 9 [Cometh] this blessedness then upon the circumcision [only], or upon the uncircumcision also? for we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness.

[1] Is 51:2; Mt 3:9; Lk 3:8; 16:24, 29; Jn 8:33, 37, 53, 56; Ac 13:26; Ro 4:16; 6:1; 7:7; 8:31; 2Co 11:22; He 12:9.
[2] Gn 12:12, 18, 20; 20:9; Jsh 24:2; Jr 9:23; Ezk 8:9; Ro 3:20, 27; 15:17; 1Co 1:29; 4:7; 9:16; 2Co 5:12; 11:12, 30; 12:1; Ga 3:22; 6:13; Ep 2:9; Php 3:9.
[3] Gn 15:6; Ps 106:31; Is 8:20; Mk 12:10; Ro 4:5, 9, 11, 22; 9:17; 10:11; 11:2; Ga 3:6; Jm 2:23; 4:5; 2P 1:20.
[4] Mt 20:1; Ro 9:32; 11:6, 35.
[5] Jsh 24:2; Hab 2:4; Zc 3:3; Jn 5:24; Ac 13:38; Ro 1:17; 3:22, 26; 4:3, 24; 5:1, 6; 8:30; 10:3, 9; 1Co 6:9; Ga 2:16; 3:8, 9; Php 3:9; 1Ti 1:13; Tit 3:3.
[6] Dt 33:29; Ps 1:1; 112:1; 146:5; Is 45:24; 54:17; Jr 22:6; 33:16; Dn 9:24; Mt 5:3; Ro 1:17; 3:20, 22, 27; 4:9, 11, 24; 5:18; 1Co 1:30; 2Co 5:21; Ga 3:8, 14; 4:15; Ep 1:3; 2:8; Php 3:9; 2Ti 1:9; 2P 1:1.
[7] Ps 32:1; 51:8; 85:2; 130:3; Is 40:1; Jr 33:8; Mi 7:18; Mt 9:2; Lk 7:47.
[8] Is 53:10; 2Co 5:19; Phm 1:18; 1P 2:24; 3:18.
[9] Is 49:6; Lk 2:32; Ro 3:29; 4:3; 9:23; 10:12; 15:8; Ga 3:14, 26; Ep 2:11; 3:8; Col 3:11.

before he was circumcised.

10 How was it then reckoned? when he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision. 11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which [he had yet] being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also: 12 And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which [he had] being [yet] uncircumcised.

[10] Gn 15:5, 16; 16:1; 17:1, 10, 23; 1Co 7:18; Ga 5:6; 6:15.
[11] Gn 17:10; Ex 12:13; 31:13, 17; Dt 30:6; Ezk 20:12, 20; Mt 8:11; 16:16; Lk 19:9; Jn 3:15, 36; 6:35, 40, 47; 7:38; 8:33; 11:25; Ro 2:28; 3:22, 26; 4:6, 12, 13, 16; 9:6, 30, 33; 10:4, 6, 11; 2Co 1:22; Ga 3:7, 22, 29; 5:5; 6:16; Ep 1:13; 4:30; Php 3:9; He 11:7; 2P 1:1; Rv 9:4.
[12] Jb 33:11; Pv 2:20; So 1:8; Mt 3:9; Lk 16:23; Jn 8:39; Ro 9:6; 2Co 12:18; Ga 4:22; 1P 2:21.

By faith only he and his seed received the promise.

13 For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, [was] not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness of faith. 14 For if they which are of the law [be] heirs, faith is made void, and the promise made of none effect: 15 Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, [there is] no transgression.

[13] Gn 12:3; 17:4, 16; 22:17; 28:14; 49:10; Ps 2:8; 72:11; Ro 4:11; Ga 3:16, 29.
[14] Nu 30:12, 15; Ps 119:126; Is 55:11; Jr 19:7; Ro 3:31; 4:16; Ga 2:21; 3:18; 5:4; Php 3:9; He 7:19, 28.
[15] Nu 32:14; Dt 29:20; 2K 22:13; Jr 4:8; Lm 2:22; Ezk 7:19; Zp 1:18; Jn 3:36; 15:22; Ac 17:30; Ro 1:17; 2:5, 12; 3:19; 5:13, 20; 7:7; 1Co 15:56; 2Co 3:7; Ga 3:10, 19; Ep 5:6; Col 3:6; 1Jn 3:4; Rv 6:16; 19:15.

Abraham is the father of all that believe.

16 Therefore [it is] of faith, that [it might be] by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all, 17 (As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations,) before him whom he believed, [even] God, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they were. 18 Who against hope believed in hope, that he might become the father of many nations, according to that which was spoken, So shall thy seed be. 19 And being not weak in faith, he considered not his own body now dead, when he was about an hundred years old, neither yet the deadness of Sara's womb: 20 He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God; 21 And being fully persuaded that, what he had promised, he was able also to perform. 22 And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness. 23 Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed to him;

[16] Is 51:2; Ro 3:24; 4:11; 5:1; 9:8; Ga 3:7, 22; Ep 2:5, 8; Tit 3:7; He 6:13; 2P 1:10.
[17] Gn 17:4, 16, 20; 25:1; 28:3; Is 43:6; 44:7; 49:12; 55:12; Mt 3:9; Jn 5:21, 25; 6:63; Ac 15:18; Ro 3:29; 4:2; 8:11, 29; 9:26; 1Co 1:28; 15:45; Ep 2:1; 1Ti 6:13; He 11:7, 12; 1P 2:10; 2P 3:8.
[18] Gn 15:5; Ru 1:11; Pv 13:12; Ezk 37:11; Mk 5:35; Lk 1:18; Ac 27:25; Ro 4:19; 5:5; 8:24.
[19] Gn 17:17; 18:11; Mt 6:30; 8:26; 14:31; Mk 9:23; Jn 20:27; Ro 4:20; 14:21; He 11:11.
[20] Nu 11:13; 2K 7:2, 19; 2Ch 20:15; Is 7:9; 35:4; Jr 32:16; Dn 10:19; 11:32; Hg 2:4; Zc 8:9, 13; Lk 1:18, 45; 1Co 16:13; 2Co 12:10; Ep 6:10; 2Ti 2:1.
[21] Gn 18:14; Ps 115:3; Jr 32:17, 27; Mt 19:26; Lk 1:37, 45; Ro 8:38; 14:4; 2Co 9:8; 2Ti 1:12; He 11:13, 19.
[22] Ro 4:3, 6.
[23] Ro 15:4; 1Co 9:10; 10:6, 11; 2Ti 3:16.

Our faith also shall be imputed to us for righteousness.

24 But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead; 25 Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification.

[24] Mk 16:16; Jn 3:14; Ac 2:24, 39; 13:30; Ro 10:9; Ep 1:18; He 13:20; 1P 1:21.
[25] Is 53:5, 10; Dn 9:24, 26; Zc 13:7; Mt 20:28; Ro 3:25; 5:6; 8:3, 32, 33; 1Co 15:3, 17; 2Co 5:21; Ga 1:4; 3:13; Ep 5:2; Tit 2:14; He 4:14; 9:28; 10:12; 1P 1:18, 21; 2:24; 3:18; 1Jn 2:2; 4:9; Rv 1:5; 5:9; 7:14.


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